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A GOLDSMITH STRESSES STILL BITTER SEES Tells Cotton Fanners Ktern; 1 Watch word Should Be Improve mesh in Planting Seci I. A. Goldsmith, one of the leading cotton men and leading cotton plant ers in this section, from a wealth of experience and observation, tells our readers today some of the most es sential elements in the profitable growing of cotton as he sees it. Mr. Goldsmith is one of those men who has studied the cotton industry from every angle through a long period of years. What he hasj to say is certain ly worth while. Ashdown, Ark., Sept. 20, 1022. Editor Little River News, Ashdown, Ark. Dear Mr. Editor: Your article in yesterday's News, stating that in each instance where you had Hie;uited ar: to the cause of increase in cotton yield in this coun ty this year the answer was "improve ment in seed planted last spring,” should receive the attention of every one interested in raising cotton. You will recall that last fall I wrote a letter urging the farmers to use nothing but: improved seed in planting their crops this spring, and now l want to say that it is just as import ant tc Improve cn the seed planted last spring as it was to imniove upon the the previous year’s seed. In other words improvement in planting seed should be the eternal watchword with our people and each year should find better seed produced and saved than the previous year. By saving and se curing new seed every season one can readily see why the staple will be come better and draw a greater prem ium than clinging to old time methods of planting “just seed.” Cotton buyers who .have dealt in Little River county for several years will doubtless tell that in the begin ning of their business in this county, when cutting the bagging on a bale of cotton, in the majority of instances the cotton would spring from the op ening like moss because of the lack cf body or strength in the lint, where as today in nearly every hale cut the staple has shown such marked im provement that the cotton is held firm ly by its own strength within the bag ging and it requires more elbow grease to take out a sample than here tofore. This is one of the principal reasons why Little River county cot ton today* is in demand by buyers who are seeking a strong staple, and why our cotton is bringing a price above that paid for cotton in other markets. As a land owner and one who is vitally interested in the* production of cotton, l have found the Acala variety to be exceedingly satisfactory seed in both staple and ‘urn-out and 1 think upon inquiry you will find every farmer who has planted Acala seed this year will give you a like report. VI:: t 1 have stated regarding im provement in cotton seed will apply regarding increasing the standard of corn planted on our farms. Demon strations have recently been made that will prove to the most pessimistic that it is just as easy to raise two ears of corn on* the stalk that produce?! only one ear where no at-.ention was paid to selecting sectl. So much for seed. Another important item that we must turn our attention to is the use of fertilizer. Ask any farmer who has formed the habit cf using fertilizer and you will be told that unless fer tilizer may he obtained and used on - u,j .1. ■ tie would abandon farm ing for the reason that he has learned from actual experience that he never suffers a loss, regardless of the sea son, during the years that he fertiliz ed his fields. And the use of fertiliz 'd’ should not be confined to the poorer lands, as tile rich, black lands require proper fertilizer in order to advance the fruiting of the stalk and mature the bolls before the weevil has had an opportunity to destroy the squares. A history of the experience ot John J. Hughes published in last Sunday’s Gazette, the use of fertilizers on his farm in Lee county, Arkansas, will 'piv e both interesting and instructive to the farmer who raises both cotton and corn. This modern farmer also tells of the advantage of breaking land in the fall, alleging that by doing so the heat of the soil is increased at least ten per cent at planting time in the spring. Calcium arsenate properly applied is without a doubt an advantage to the cotton farmer. Although 1922 has not been a year for a true test in the use of this poison in controlling the boll weevil in Little River county, owing to extreme hot weather with little moisture, still the few farmers who used this method of control, with very few exceptions, will recommend the use of calcium arsenate. My motive in writing this letter, Mr. Editor, is to get before the farming public the idea that it is extremely important to change Vie methods of raising cotton under non-boll weevil conditions to a method that will com bat this pest in the most energetic manner, and from all information I have been able to gather this may be successfully done by using: 1st. .Improved seed of an early ma turing variety. 2nd. Liberal use of fertilizer. 3rd. Application of calcium arse nate. 4th. Breaking ground in fall. 5th. Early planting. 6tli. Plowing often and continuing plowing late in the season, using ex treme care to plow very shallow as the stalks mature, so as not to in jure the roots. Yours truly, A. Goldsmith. >!* *j. v <2? 'I" «3* *3* ‘l1 <2* <• v “2* <1* •> THE COTTOX MARKET * »'i* ——.—-— *J* •3’ Short Cotton : 21.00 to 22.50 f *3* Cotton Seed: $25.00 per ton. •> $ (’empress Receipts. •> «$• Previously reported—railroads 807. wagons 1G79. Total 2,486. ♦ •S' Since last report—railroads 4* '2> 307. wagons 41S. Total rail- •$* •J> roads 1114, wagons 2097. Grand 'S' ❖ total, 3211. * v *!• ❖ ‘l* ■S* *t» •£• 4* ■’= ►!» 4* ‘3* *£J *3’ COMMERC More Work for Com pound! Interest September 15th will see another load of work turned over to “compound interest.” It will be coupon clipping day for Third Liberty Loan Bonds and many of our depositors will at once add the inter est to their savings accounts. Why not start your savings account this month with your interest coupons or a cash deposit? Your account is cordial ly invited. Arkansas State Bank do m* Vr'o dorit A. E. Waters, President .T. L. Martin, Cashier C. M. Sutton, Assistant Cashier. BOOK 7F3T ASKSOWH CQTT8H RE GENTS STILL HEAVY Cotton Coining From Long Distances as Excellence of Market Spreads —Pay Better Prices. The receipts of cotton to the Ash down m ■ continue hftjvy through the week. Ther^ seems to lie a strong tendency to soli despite the fact that the range of prices have been lower than for the previous week. The wag on receipts up to Thursday night to taled 2,097 bales, and are almost d. able the railroad receipts, which, however, are increasing. Buyers con tinue to come in from Texas, where they report the grade of the cotton very poor this year. Ono buyer stated that cotton was coming here from sections heretofore never coming here. A great deal of cotton has come here from Browns town and Ben Lomond countries. Some of the staple was selling Thurs day tor 28 cents. It is also said that as much as 60 bales of long staple were hauled here from the streets of Texarkana on account of this being a better market for the higher grades. Much is coming in from Miller county. -o ATTACKED ON WAY TO CHCRCH Former Hoad Commissioner and Wife Beat Off Assailants. Mena, Sept. 19.—While Alex Coyle, former commissioner of the Jefferson highway, was en route to church at 'Graunis Sunday night, he and his wife were attacked by two men, whose faces were covered by large white sacks. Coyle fought off his. assailants and escaped with a few bruises. One of the men attempted to shoot the former highway official with a revol ver, but the cartridge failed to ex plode and Mrs. Coyle knoc ked the weapon from the man’s hand. Sev eral residents of Grannis, hearing the noise of the struggle, drove the two “whitecappers” away. Sheriff Thorn ton was notified at eMna today and ar rests likely will follow. While the men were busy at Gran nis, another band was active in Mena and Joseph Livarde, a young Italian from Scranton, Pa., who had been vis iting here, left town. Livarde, who is said to have planned an elopement with a married woman of Mena, was attacked in the heart of the business district and taken outside the town and given a whipping and a lecture. The men who attacked-him were not masked. FOKM may association Frisco Shopmen and Carmen to Form ulate New Scale. St. Louis, Sept. 19.—The 5,270 shop men and carmen employed by the St. Louis and1 San Francisco are organiz ing a new association at Springfield, Mo., for the purpose of formulating a now wage sc:il& and working schedule it was announced at general offices of tho road this afternoon. A. II. Jones, assistant to the vice president, in charge of operations, and H. L. Worman, superintendent of mo tive power, are attending the Spring field meeting. -o——-——— Grant Billings Killed at DeQueen Thursday News was received here Thursday afternoon reporting the killing of Grant Billings, a well known attorney of DeQueen. Billings was shot, in his o'.iice at DeQueen Thursday morning at 9 o’clock by Roy Sellman, a Kan sas City Southern roundhouse guard. He was. taken to a local hospital, where he died ar. hour later. It is said that Sell man entered Billings’ office j while the latter was sitting in his chair, saying, “I have got the dope for you.” Selman fired twice, the bullets ranging downward, one of them lodg ing near the heart. Sellman was brought to Ashdown and lodged in jail pending examination. It is re ported that Billings had sued Sellman on an account, and had garnished the latter’s wages. Billings was known here, having practiced in this court. He leaves a wife and children. -o To Domestic Coal Consumers—The Temple Cotton Oil Co. has ordered two cars*of coal *ov d~me.?tic use and has everv icason to expect iliat shipment will be received this month. We ex pect to be able to supply thc needs of the community.—Temple Cotton Oil Co. Teachers’ Association Will Meet at Foreman Tlie following is the program for the Little River County Teathers Asso ciation which meets at Foreman High School, Friday, September 2D, and Sat urday, September 30: Friday, 8 p m.—Song and Invoca: b r. Reading. Instrumental solo. A new vision for the rural school, W. N. Pittman. Address, “The School of Tomorrow," J. O. Livesay. Saturday, 9 a. m.—Practical science | in the ninth and tenth grades, O. H. Wilkerson. The Red Cross Nutrition Work, Miss Hellen Gillette. Making a daily program, Mrs. Iii/. zell, Richmond. The bad places in arithmetic and how to get over them, I. W. Holmes, Richmond. What an eighth grade pupil should know in English, Miss Jess Alston, Ashdown. .What the rural teacher owes his community, W. D. Buercklin, Allene. Modern methods of teaching read ing reading in primary grades, Miss Louise Taylor, Ogden, The value of literary societies, By- i ron Goodson, Foreman. NKGKO FATALLY SHOT hilled by Another During Quarrel Over a Woman. Hope, Sep:. 20.—Levi Anderson was shot and instantly killed by Herman Cooper here yesterday afternoon. Botli are negroes. The shooting oc curred at the home of Wilson Muldrow. The shooting, it is said, was caused by trouble starting about two weeks ago over a negro woman. The entire charge1 of a single-barrel shotgun entered Anderson’s right shoulder near the collar bone. Cooper > .. imraed. !;.• a . v the killing and has not been arrested. Cooper was in the employ of the Ivory Handle Company. Anderson was said to have boon unemployed. TO MEE'i S, WORKER) Plan to H ihi Innual 'Paining School Texarkana. Tcxa. Sept. It).— Standard Sun day school workers of this territory will hold their third annual training school at die First (Texas) Methodist church here October 1 to 7. inclusive. 'Bishop James Atkins will preside, j There will he other instructors and lecturers preset t. Counties in Arkan sas and Texas included within the presiding elder districts of the city will be represented. Seven courses of study will he offered. —-o MEN V.TLL \OT RETl'RN Halve No Idea, of Capitulating to Coil d It ion - of Reemployment. Pine Bluff, Stpi — 0.—B. E. Shields,! system chairman of the federated shcp craits on the St. Louis-Soutliwesfern railroad, said tonight that, the Cotton l Belt strikers will stand pat. “There will be no capitulation to the j conditions of re-employment laid down in the statement of President Upthe- j grove today in which the railroad exe-! cutives declined the men’s offer of a peace conference," he said. “The next; word to us will come from the locals," Shields said. “The first local meeting will be held by the Pine Bluff shop mot.- at 'J o'clock Thurs day morning. It is probable that a conference of the various chairmen will be held later. In the meantime the men still are cn strike and will not return until ordered." Ashdcwn High Squad P faying at Idabel Coach Wilkerson with the Ashdown School football squad lfift Friday morning for Idabel, where they ex pected to play the Idabel High team Friday afternoon. A number of the old members of the last year squad reported, again this year as well as a lot of newr material. Coach Wilkerson believes he has a fust team this year. This out of tlio state game will not count in the state games whether won or lost, but will be mere in the nature of a workout. School athletics when properly regulated creates a school spirit that is- hard to estimate, and is reflected in the school work. Men must make their grades to be eligible a.; members of a team. It has had a wonderful influence in our school in holding the older boys to their work and keeping them in school. BONUS MEASURE FAILS TO PASS IN SENATE l.(icK> Four ot Voter ary io Over-ride Veto—Goes Through House. aWshington, Sept. 20.—The bonus bill failed of enactment late today, th Senate sustaining President Harding's veto. Previously the House had over ridden the veto by a large margin. Thei Senate roll call showed 44 yeas to 2S.noes, or four less than the tw > thirds^najority necessary to override the veto. The vote in the House was 25S to 54, or 50 more than the required number. Although it is reported that a new bill might be introduced tomorrow, it is certain that the bonus fight will not bo renewed, at least until the next ses sion of Congress, which will begin De cember 4. The Senate roll call follows: To override the veto: Republicans—Brandagee, Bursum, Capper, Colt, Cummins, Jones of — Capper, Colt, Cummins, Crtis, Good ing, Hale, Harreld, Jones of Washing ton, Kellogg, LaFollette, Denroot, Lodge, McCormick, McCumber, .Mc Lean, McNary, Nicholson, Xrobeck, Oddie, Rawson, Shortridge, Stanfield, . u.,..Hand, Townsend and Watson of Indiana—27. Democrats—Ashurst, Broussard, Culberson, Fletcher, Gerry, Harrison, Heflin, Hitchcock, McKellar, Ransdell, Reed (Missouri), Robinson, Sheppard, Simmons, Smith, Trammell and Walsh of Massachusetts-—17. Total 34. To sustain the veto: Republicans—Ball, Borah, Calder, Cameron, Dillingham, Dupont. Edge, Ernest, Fernald, France, Keys, Moses. Nelson, New, Newberry, Pepper. Phipps, Reed (Pennsylvania), Smoot. Stealing and Wadsworth—21. Democrats—Dial, Glass, Myers, Owens, Shields, Underwood and Wil liams—7. Total 2S. Pairs: Caraway and Jones of New j lor, .•K.r.ley against; Harri son and Walsh of Montana for, Fre Uniiuysen aroint.: Pittman and Pom er ■ ■; for, Wa . . n tpresent) against; O',„ ::: Norris for, Warren (present) against; Ladd and Kend < L a for, Ling against; Poindexter and Willi_* i r Wrlier against; Johnson and Spencer for. Page against. Total 21. Absent and net paired: Elkin:, S.. r.c-y and Watson (Georgia), 3. Grand total PC. Mew Gin Will Scon Begin Operation The boiler m l engine for the new Home Gin Company has been received, and is being installed by day and night shifts. The Rin has already been installed. It is thought that the gin will he ready to run in a few days, i is a Guilett four stand set. -o Mr. H. .T. Shea an expert plumber i? now with Caple? The Plumber. Cal! and see us about your new work and :: iso your repair work. Foreman Sun Issues Cotton Picking Defy Foreman, Sept. 21.—Wednesday's Uittle Liver Xew carried an article claiming Ashdown had the champion cotton picker in Little River county in tiie person of Fate Collins, colored. But Fate is not in it with ike Bizzell, colored, a farm hand on the Dr. Shackelford farm. Ike picked 2,409 pounds in five days, which lacked oniy one pound of being an average of 482 per day. This five-day average has Fate heat by pounds, but the most Ike picked in one single day was 528 pounds. This beats Fate's record by 79 pounds. .Mr. Graves, you’ll have to hunt you up another cotton picker if you win the championship. What's the use of our negro tooling with your negro when our negro will pick as much by noon' lacking 79 pounds as your negro can pick all day. Your Ike negro is not in the same class with our Fate negro, who picks 449 pounds by neon and looks after social duties in the afternoons. We don't like to hurt your feelings, but your negro, Ike, is ju-t a plain, ordinary get up at sunup and work ‘till sundown cotton patch nigger. Why, Fate’s old daddy can beat him. -o HOGS Mil'll \ PASTURE Plowing the Barn Lot Once a Year Is Beneficial. Washington,—Hog raisers may ac complish two desirable results by plowing up the barn lots at least once a year, says the United States Depart ment of Agriculture. In the first place, hegs need good, succulent pas ture as much of the time as is possible, and in the second place they need pro tection against internal parasites such as roundworms, the eggs of which re main in the soil. Turning over the soil in t'no lets helps to get rid of the pests and the crop of forage makes it a profitable operation. In addition to providing cheap protein feed, pasture crops aid as a laxative and require the hogs to take a certain amount of exercise, which is necessary to breeding anim als and growing pigs. Rye is probably the best crop to use for fall, winter and spring pasture for hogs, the department's circular states. Throughout the corn belt it may he sown from August 20 to about October 1, depending upon the latitude. In warmer climates the crop may he put in at various times up to as late as December. By putting in successive plantings from two to four weeks apart it is possible to have fresh pas turage all the time. Cotton Association Meeting Saturday Roy Budd. cue of the directors of the Cotton Association, announces that there will he a meeting at :he court house Saturday evening at 7:30. Ail members are urged to he present, ana all who ore interested whelher mem 1 or? or ns.. are also invited to eh pres SOLVE THIS PUZZLE ’Ye know ail old man who is word? about $40,000. He claims that he has never had a dollar given to him and that all his earnings combined are not more than his present wealth. And yet he has not saved all he has earned in a i'ie time. What is the answer to this puzzle? If is all very simple. Early in his life he began to save at least 25 cents out of every dollar he earned. This money was deposited in the sav ing’s department of the bank and from time to time lie made investments when his funds grew large enough for that. This plan has been working for more than 40 years. His total savings are only about $12.00!). The balance of his wealth is interest money Think it over.