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Kmm LEGION (Copy for TM» Department Supplied by the American Legion News Service.) WOULD PROSE LEGION CLAIMS International Association of Rotary Clubs, Shocked at Reports, Orders Nation-Wide Survey. Aroused by charges of the Ameri can Legion 111111 the government has failed in its duty toward disabled vet erans of the World war, the hoard of directors of the International Associa tion of Rotary (’lulls has ordered a natirn-wide survey of the situation “to prove whether American Legion reports are based on hysteria or upon nctuul frets.” The Rotary organization has in dorsed the Legion's consolidation pro gram for the relief to the disabled and will support the Legion’s efforts to obtain Its enactment Into law, no cording to Cltcsley H. Perry of Chi cago. secretary-general of the Rotary clubs' organizations. “The 50,000 American business and professional men who form the 800 Rotary clubs of the United States, have started out to gather the actual facts In their respective commur.itif's with regard to the manner in which the United States government is handling the eases of disabled ex-sol diers," Mr. Perry stated in a letter to F. W. Galbraith, Jr., commander of “The Ilotnrlans have been shocked by ttie disclosures made by the Ameri can Legion regarding the circum stances surrounding the rehabilitation of Uncle Sam’s disabled ex-service men. Knelt Rotary club is appointing a special committee to investigate conditions in its community and re port to the club. Every club will then * report to the headquarters office of Rotary in Chicago. The result " ill be that from 800 communities in every pnrt of the United States will come evidence of business anil professional men to prove to tlie American people whether or not the American Legion reports are based on hysteria or upon actual facts so revolting and heart rending nVs to cause the whole Ameri can people to rise In their might and do Justice to the men who sacrificed themselves for their country." The Legion's national commander asserted that his organisation will welcome the Rotary investigation. "I hope its findings will be given the widest publicity,” he said, "it will lie found that the Legion lias not overstated the ease in any particular." LEGION MAN IS LEGISLATOR California Member of National Execu tive Committee Also Serve* a* Maker of Laws. Although lie was forty-one years old When the World war started, Charles II. Kendrick of Man Francisco. Cal., member of the national ex ecutive committee of the American Legion, served with distinction in the army, and was cited by Gen eral Suminernll, commander of the Fifth Army corps, "for display of ex ceptional devotion to duty while un der bombardment by. the enemy's guns" during the Meuse-Argonne of fertsive. Mr. Kendrick was educated in the public schools of Man Francisco and Is engaged in the selling of real estate and development of agricultural lands. Uninmissioned a eanlnin in the lie mount service in August, 1917, Mr. Kendrick trained at Camp IMx, N. J„ and was sent overseas in July, 191S, attached to the Twenty-sixth division as remount officer. He served with that division during the St. Mihlel drive, und at tin* opening of theMeuse Argonne push was made remount offi cer of the Fifth Army corps. After the armistice he was promoted to ma jor and discharged from service in February, 1919. Mr. Kendrick's devotion to Legion affairs during the time he was u mem ber of the mate executive committee l«d to his selection as representative of California on the national hotly. Press Women Are Interested Tile Women's Press club of New York city has become interested In American Legion welfare work and lias adopted a ward at Fox Hills hos pita!, Staten Island. New York, con taining GO disabled veterans. The cluii’s committee visits the hospital twice a week supplying the men with articles of clothing, tobacco ami reading matter. An Idea sponsored by the club of providing “gardeuettes" or window boxes for the various hos pltals where ex service men are be log treated has become popular with relief organizations. The school chil dren of Leonla, N. J., collected funds and bought a window box for the bos pita!. Virginia Auxiliary Convention. The first convention of the Worn •n't Auxiliary of the Virginia Depart ment of the American Legion will be bold May 13 au4 14 BIG CHIEF IS LEGION BOSS Only Full-Fledged Indian at Head ef an Lx-Service Men’e Organization in America. MnJ. A. 15. Welch of Mamjan, N. D., is the only full-fledged Indian chief and commander of an American Legion post In America. He Is wearing the of ficial dress of a head chief of the Sioux, which he was authorized to as sume when he was adopted by their great chief, John Grass, many years ago. He is now the duly elected chief of the Sioux, In addition to his duties as commander of the Gilbert S. Fur ness post of the Legion at Mnndan. A veteran of the SpanUh-Antericnn war and a participant in the Mexican border expedition, as well as an au thority on customs, sports and ceremo nies of the Indians, citizens of North Dakota were eager that Major Welch should lend a battalion of Indians to France. Major Welch volunteered to do so, but his offer was refused by the War department. Nevertheless, a number of Indians wfre included in tbe detachment of men which Mnjor Welch took to France In December, 11117. He served upon the staff of Gen. Hunter A. Liggett anil on Armistice day was with the artil lery of the Third division, south of Se dan. When lie arrived In Germany he was named as officer in change of civil affairs in the Coblenz area, which po sition hb held until the divisions came bark to the United Stutes in Septem ber. 1010. During the Philippine Insurrection Major W.'lcli was a participant in the I I MnJOR A. U WELCH. capture of Paco, Morong and other towns along the shores of Laguna de Bahia, including the Important city of Calumba. Major Welch and state officials of the Legion will sjieuk at funeral cere monies for Albert Grass, grandson of Chief John Grass, who was killed in action near Soissons. The Indian hero, who went overseas with Major Welch, will be hurled at Cannon Ball, N. D., with the full tribal rites of the Sioux Nation. BIG MEN AS LEGIONNAIRES _ Perilling and Wood Are Numbered Among Members ef Poate of Ex Service Fellows. The American Legion has represent ed in Its membership not only the first and last men to enlist for the World war, but also two of the best known military leaders in America. Gen. John J. Pershing and Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood. Two Legion posts assert that Gen eral Pershing belongs to their organi zations. They are the George Washing ton post No. 1 at Washington. I>. C.. and Lincoln (Neb.) post No. 1. Gen eral Pershing was considered for the nomination of national commander of the Legion, hut declined to allow his li.UIH IT J«l« 't IIH'I IT1 IIUM U1 II I ^ military duties. General Wood is a member of Gen eral George R. Crook post No. l.'W of Chicago. He lias spoken at a number of Legion conventions in many parts of tlie country and bus been an active worker for the interests of tin* ex serv ice men’s organization. NAME LEGION POST FOR HERO Connellsvill* (Pa.) Organization Hon ors Memory of Milton Btsbop, One of Its Dead. Ever mindful of their fallen com rades in France, members of the American Legion have named the greater part of their posts In honor of men who made the supreme sacrifice. When a post of the Legion was organized at Cou tiellsviiie, l’a„ it was named Mil ton Bishop post No. 301, in eom metnmoration of the heroism of Mr. Bishop, Mho was killed tu ac tion. Mer* Word*. Rub—Rinks married because he *u hMMleaa. Dub—And now 1 auppoea bo U hoan ftaaa.-—American Laden Weakly. , % GREAT BRITAIN TO SUPPORT FRANCE APPROVES MEASURES TO FORCE GERMANY TO PAY WAR INDEMNITY. WILL SEIZE RESOURCES Mr. Briand Outlines Plans—Asserts France Is Preparing To Take Over Ruhr Basin and Tax Imports To Collect Dues. Lynipne. England. — It is Great Britain's intention to abide by the provisions of tlie agreement arrived at in Paris last February with regard to w hat steps should be taken to co erce Germany into meeting her repa rations debt: she agrees that failure by Germany to meet her obligations in this respect should be met witli further pressure. J his became known in the course of a meeting between Premier Uriand and Premier Lloyd George, who came here to confer on the situation arising from Germany's stand on the rojora tions question and to decide what is to lie done if site continues her re calcitrant attitude. M Briand explained lo the British prime minister at a conference the French proposals for setting up an economic administration in part of Westphalia, including the Ruhr coal basin, should the Germans fail to pay the reparations due May 1. The pro ceeds of, this administration, such as taxation on coal exports and excess profits duties levied on German ir.dus* rtial establishments would, under the French plan, he placed in a pool cut of which the reparations would he paid the allies Although Mr Ilfivtl <!<•. iht. less was aware of the general charac ter of the French plans front the com munications exchanged between th British and French foreign offices. M. Briand expressed the wish to explain personally some of the‘important f* it tires affecting the general policy if the allies,-in order t > attain eomplett unity of purpose. The conversations, therefore, began with s- rather ex tended exposition of the French scheme by M. Briand and Phillips Berthelet of the French Foreign Of fice, with Mr. Lloyd George interrog ating them. Blast Rocks Town. Randolph. Mass. — Randolph was rocked recently by a series of explo sions in the plant of the Fnited Fire works Company, which, with the sub seuent fire, wiped out that plant, shook houses for miles around and tossed sleeping people from their beds. Sparks Start $50,000 Fire. Valdosta. Ga.—Fire believed to have been started by sparks from burning sawdust destroyed the ware house of tlie Ftnpire Oil Company here, together with about 25.000 bush els of peanuts and cotton seed, cotton seed hulls and other stock. The loss is estimated at $50,000. Steel Prices Reo'uced. New York Price reductions for sheet steel were announced recently by the American Sheet and Tin Plate Company, a subsidiary of the United States Steel Corporation. The redui lions vary from $7 to $H a ton on various products. __ • More Cotton Needed. Washington.—The world’s cotton acreage must undergod a very mark ed expansion in the years to come ii iho supply of raw cotton is to keep pace with the world's needs, Alfred J’ Dennis. American commercial at tache at London, reported to the Do pur'meat of ‘Commerca. Greece Survive* Blow. Athens Greece now has recovered fro nnhe early setbacks suffered at | the hands of the Turks in Asia Mi nor. and the people are looking for- i ward with confidence fo the new of- j fonsive. which probably will be begun in the near future. Jap Sailors Are Killed. Tokio -A boiler tube exploded on hoard the Japanese battleship Kato ri, on which Grown Prince Hirohi.o was traveling to Kurppe, while the warship was between Golumbiu and Suez Two sailors were killed and two wounded. Many Aliens Missing. Detroit. Mich. — Forty-five aliens for whom deportation warrants are held by federal officers have disap peared, it was announced here. Wallace Makes Appeal. Washington — Secretary Wallace has written letters to the governors if all the states asking their co-ope ration in the nation-wtdo observance if forest protection week May 22 to »X, recently proclaimed by President Harding. Indian Oead at 110. Birchwood, Wls.—Kaggegebi, 110, the oldest Indian in Wisconsin, to lead at the home of hit grandson, lobanj FTokk. at Round Lake, * NOVEL AND SATISFACTORY PLAN BETWEEN LANDLORD AND TENANT Fixed Wages Plus a Share in Profits Give Zest to Farm Work. f Prepared by tlie Vnited State* Depart ment of Agriculture) “I took the sutue interest iu tny work as a tenant as I take in tny own farm. 1 began work without a dollar and with very little knowledge of farming, hut while 1 was ou the farm I learned a good deal. I had ample opportunity to study the principles controlling crop growth, soil improvement, stock man agement, etc. The inspiration 1 re ceived was valuable indeed, and dur- J ing my period of service 1 earned j enough money to buy ttie small farm 1 on which 1 now live." This extract from a statement made by a former farm tenant employee, j now a farm owner, reviews a relation ship between owner and tenant that a great many persons on both sj.io> ()f the farm-landlord situation may well envy. There is possibly no subject connected with the business of farm- j ing which leads to as tunny tuisuuder- I standings, dissatisfactions and mutual losses as the management of a farm by a nonowner. Somebody litis said that nothing short of application of the golden rule would e\et- bring about sat isfactory arrangements between the owner and occupant of a farm, and vet, in this case, there was nothing eleemosynary in the arrangement. Tested by Fifteen Years’ Trial. The man who made tin* statement quoted above was for a number of years the manager of one of two ordi nary-sized hog farms owned by a man in Illinois, and the plan under which he was engaged as farm manager has been followed by the owner with ul most unfailing success for more than 1 fifteen years. Briefly, the plan was nothing more or lo*s than a straight annual salary which included tenant j house and the usual garden and poul- j try perquisites, and. as a honus, a . share of the net profits. The profit-sharing plan has served to Stimulate the efforts of the employee and has greatly lessened the supervi sion necessary on the part of the owner. By the use of the telephone and occasional visits he is able to keep In touch with the farm problems and to co-operate effectively with the man ager. Since the owner was farming himself it was important that the man agement of his other two farms take as little of his time as possible. Thus far the managers have been selected from the men employed on the home farm, which serves as a training school. How Net Income Is Determined. The managers are given a regular monthly wage and a bonus consisting of one-third of the net farm income. In determining the net income a per cent Interest on the valuation of the property Is first taken out. ns due re turn for capital, after which all ex I >enses are deducted, such as for thrashing, the manager's wage, extra lulior. machinery repairs, depredation, and the cost of fertilizers and stasis. Each of the two managed farms has a house for the manager, who also can use the work horses to drive for per sonal list*, has a garden, and a cow or two for supplying the family with tailk and butter. Fifty chickens are fur- j nlshed, anil the family is permitted to raise as many as possible to supply tlie needs of the farm table, but on 1‘eeem ber 1 uM the chickens above the origi nal number must he sold, anil the land- j lord gets tine half the receipts. The purpose of this limit on chickens is to enable the manager to have his own poultry supply without taking undue advantage of his opportunity. In order to calculate the amount of money which the manager is to re ceive on this plan It Is necessary to do u certain amount of bookkeeping. This Is left to the owner, who keeps a set of farm accounts, and on March 1 a complete inventory is taken and a yearly summary of the farm business Is completed. In cases of disease, poor crops, or a partiul failure which Ms un avoidable. thus cutting down the in come of the manager, the owner makes some allowance and gives the mana ger, in addition to the wages he has received, what he thinks Is due him for the work he has done, and the re sponsibility he has assumed. / In the period before war intlntlon the managers made from $41 to $49 per month the year round. In addition to having their rent, garden, milk, but ter and eggs. The manager of the •mr.tler farm, comprising 9fi acres, re ceived $35 a month straight wages for four years up to 1918. nnrt his bonus averaged $1rtM a year. The manager •>f the other farm, comprising 160 acres, formerly received $30 per montb and was increased to $35. Manager Weil Paid. When the fact is taken into consid eration that the managers employed under this system are provided with houses in which to live and are given the privilege of raising their home sup plies of vegetables, milk, poultry and eggs, it will he seen that their neces sary expenses are inconsiderable, and It must be conceded that they are well paid for their services, in view of the fact that they have no Investment risk. The length of time which the men re main on the farms shows that this method of employment must have been satisfactory both to employee and landlord in these cases. It should he pointed out. however, that the tenant should have absolute confidence in his landlord before he would he justified in working under this system. TOMATOES ARE BEST IF RIGHTLY PRUNED Fruit Is Larger, C'eaner and Su perior in Flavor. Grown in Home Garden Staking and Pruning Require Little Trouble and Will Fully Repay Trou ble, Say Specialists. (Prepared by the I'niteJ States Depart ment of Agriculture) will spread over a space from 4 to 6 feet iu diameter and will produce a peck or more of tomatoes. If staked \ and pruned it will yield about the same quantity of fruit, the tomatoes will lie larger, cletiner, better flavored, and superior In every respect, and enough space can he conserved to ac commodate five other plants cart'd for in a similar manner say garden spe cialists of the Drifted States Depart ment of Agriculture* The staked and pruned plants are easily sprayed, and will continue to produce fruit later in the fall than plants which are allowed to spread naturally. As a rule. also. | 'V pruned tomatoes will mature ear lier. Oti the scale on which tomatoes are grown 111 the home garden, stak ing and pruning require little trouble. 1 and "ill fully repay the effort. When the plants begin making a vigorous growth, shoots will appear In the little pockets where each leaf joins the stem I.ater the blossoms appear on the opposite side of the stem. In pruning the plant, remove all these J side shoots and those around the base of the plant, being careful not to dis turb the blossom clusters. The shoots sometimes called suckers, should be pinched off shortly after they appear, j The main stem can he carried to the full height of the stake, then allowed to hang over. By this time six or sev en blossom clusters, on which the fruit is developing, should he set on the stem. 1 ---r ; WOODLOT LIKE BANK 5 i A woodlot should he treated • * as the principal in a savings J , bank. The annual growth of t * wood corresponds to compound t t interest. When you cut out more • * than the equivalent of’ the t < growth, you are drawing upon * * your principal. t SILO OF GREAT IMPORTANCE Never Discarded When Properly Built and Filled With Corn at the Right Stage. No silo which was properly built and filled with corn at the right stage of maturity has ever been discarded. Neither is there any farmer who has had a silo on Ids farm and used Us succulent, nutritious feed that Is will ing to do without one. CHEAP SEEDS ARE EXPENSIVE Success of Garden May Be Jeopardized by Unwisely Trying to Save on Thie Item. Cheap garden seeds are likely to prove expensive ut any price. The cost of good seeds Is relatively small and the success of tbe garden may bo jeopardised by unwisely trying to lore a few cents on this Item. i BIG VALUE OF SELF-FEEDER Experiments Show Pigs Make Mort Gain Than When Hand-Fed by Man 2Pvd Eat Less, Too. Expenses may be made less by the use of the self-feeding plan in prefer ence to the band-feeding system in the bog lot. An experiment was con ducted tit tin- Kansas State Agricultur al college to show the value of the self feeder in fattening ">-poutul pigs, and nt the same time to show the amount of tankage required to balance a corn ration. This experiment was carried on by Dr. C. W. Met'ampbell, E. F. Ecrrin, and H. R. Winchester, in swine feeding investigations in 1918 and 1919. Twenty pigs of the same age, quali ty, condition, and weight, were put Into two dry lots In groups of ten. The pigs in lot 1 ate front a self feed er, that was divided In two compart ments, one having shelled com and the other tankage. The pigs In lot 2 were given all they could eat twice a day of mixture of ten parts shelled com and one part tankage. They were watered twice a day in both lots and the experiment was carried on for one hundred days. Three days nt the beginning and end of the test tin* pigs were weighed and nil weights and ex penses were carefully recorded. The pigs in lot one ate more corn and less tankage than the hand-fod pigs in lot 2. That a 5 per cent tank age could balance a corn ration in fat tening 7f)-pound pigs was shown from this experiment, because the self-fed pigs consumed one part tankage and 20 parts corn. A 100-pound gain in band-fed pigs -•fcfls produced by 0.8 bushels of corn and "S pounds of tankage, and the same gain was produced in the self fed lot by o-8 bushels of corn and 17.00 pounds of tankage, that Is to say that the corn with tankage pro duced 1-1.7 pounds of pork in the band fed h*t and 17 pounds of pork In the self-fed lot. The self-fed pig gets more exercise than the hand-fed in the many trips he makes to the feeder and In this way probably will get more good from Self-Feeding Method Proved to Be Most Profitable at Kansas State College. his food. The hand-fed pig is fed twice a day and lie eats all he can hold at that time. Perhaps this Is the reason why the self-fed pig took less food to produce this 100-pound gain. At the end of this test the pigs in lot 1 made a profit of $7.35 per head more than the hand-fed and they re quired less feed, and less labor to make the 100-pound gain. FIGHT AGAINST HOG CHOLERA Department of Agriculture Co-oper. ated With 34 States In Cam paign to Stop Disease. The I'ntted States Department of Agriculture during the last fiscal year co-operated with 34 states iu investi gating reported outbreaks of hog chol era, administering treatment, prevent ing the disease from spreading, and stamping out the contagion by ap proved methods of cleaning and dl>» infocting premises, pens, and yards, where cholera-sick hogs had been held. In addition, bureau of animal indus try veterinarians conducted demon strations, assisted veterinary practi tioners In improving their technique, and conducted general educational work. During the greater part of the year, 140 veterinarians devoted their time to the control of hog cholera, hut in tin* last quarter, when it became evident that such activities would he curtailed during the lisoal yeur 1921, owing to lack of funds, the number of veterinarians was reduced. For the sumo reason It itecurae necessary to reduce the educational purt of the work. INDUCE SWINE TO EXERCISE Keep Sleeping Quarters for Sows Some Distance From Feeding Place 18 Good Plan. A satisfactory means of inducing exercise on hog farms consists of keeping the sleeping quarters for the sows some distance from their feed ing place so that the sows must truyel this dlsiunce several times dally. How ever, If this cannot he done, sows will secure plenty of exercise eating hay from a low rack built for the pur pose. Feed for Young Colts. To the young colts, reasonable quantities of oats along with the roughage should be fed and pay good daturas In making n his emit.