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TO SURVEY WATER
TO INVESTIGATE RIVER WHICH IS BEING CONSIDERED AS SITE FOR NITRATE PLANT. TO EXAMINE OTHER SITES It Is Said Government Will Not Put the Entire Sum of $20,000,000 Irv to One Plant, But Will Build Several of Them. Hot Springs. According to letters received at the Hot Springs Business Men’s League, Major Charles Fiske, in charge of the government engineers for this district, will be in Hot Springs in the near future, accom panied by an engineering corps, to make a survey of the Ouachita river to ascertain the water power that may be developed, in the event the government should build one of the nitrate plants on the Ouachita river site, which is being urged by the war department by Dr. Charles H. Brougrt and others interested in getting this industry into this state. Major Fiske’s letter indicated the war department is viewing seriously the Ouachita river claim. There is already a survey made by the govern ment on file in the war department, wrhich, however, was made for river navigation purposes. The war depart ment also will receive the surveys and reports made by the Garland Power and Development Company, in which C. C. Kavanaugh of Little Rock is largely interested. The report of the engineers shows that more watet* power could be developed on the Ouachita than that at Mussel Shoals, Ala., the strongest competitor for this industry, and with such a report, which has been passed upon by many of the largest engineering firms of the country, it is believed the govern ment will be convinced of the superior claims of this location. It is said that over 105.000 horse power can be developed here, which is more than adequate for an under taking of this nature, since it has been shown that the nitrate plant lo cated at Niagara Falls requires but 15.000 horsepower. The receipt of Major Fiske’s let ter has caused an increase of opth misin locally, since it seems to be generally understood the government will not put the entire sum of $20,000. 000 into one plant but build several, in which event Hot Springs has a most excellent chance of obtaining one of the nitrate plants. SHORT ARKANSAS ITEMS. Real estate, stocks and bonds, for merly the property of Rev. Ben Cox of Memphis. R. D. Duncan and R. F. Garanflo and the defunct State Trust ; Company of Little Rock, was so'-d at a commissioner’s sale. The sale was to satisfy a judgment of $35,000 held by Lloyd England, received for the State National Bank, against ,T. S. Maloney as receiver for the State Trust Company. The sale brought a total of $20,081, which was bid in by Lloyd England, receiver for the State National Bank. D. H. Colrtuett, field agent for the American Bible Society, is in Little Rock working to secure $15,000 with which he hopes to provide with Bibles the members of the national guard, now on the border Members of the county Farmers’ Union in the vicinity of Union Hill, south of Batesville, are preparing 1o build a union telephone system be tween Union Hill and Pleasant Plains. At meetings held the farmers organ ized several good roads clubs through out the county. The Craighead County Farmers’ Union, in adjourned session, decided to employ an organizer to form new unions all over the county. Impetus was given the Wynne-to Meraphis gravel road at a rousirg meeting of property owners at Wynne A petition is being circulated in the northern part of Hempstead county asking County Judge R. L. Byers to order the county records returned to the old courthouse at Washington pending the trial of tiie Hope-Wash ing contest for the county seat, which lias been in the courts since the coun ty seat election in 1914. The three-year-old son of William Scott of Cushman was biuen five times by a copper head snake last week. The child Is ir> a critical condition. W. G. Powell, president of the Ar kansas Kennel Club, announces that A. W Cates, bench superintendent in the Chicago, Detroit and Milwaukee dog shows will be bench superintend ent and show secretary in the Ken nel exhibition to be held in Little Rock, November 29 and 30. A $10,00a building and loan asso ciation has been organized at Perry. It is affiliated with the American Building and Loan Association of Lit tle Rock. Basing his opinion on a careful in vestigation in his own cotton fields in Drew, Chicot, Desha and Ashley coun ties, W. H. Lephiew of Rermott be lieves that the boll weevil has done much more damage to cotton in Ar kansas than estimated and predicts that the state's crop will not only fall below 1,100,000 bales, the government estimate, but. will be shorter than last season's crop. “1 believe it is the duty of every farmer to examine his cotton," Mr. Lephiew says, "and learn just how badly the weevil has damaged it. Then they should make known the exact condition of the crop. I am sure it. would show the weevil has caused a greater loss than believed, and publi cation of this would result in a higher price. 1 sincerely believe that unless we get a big price for the crop to off set the damage bv the pest, we will face a financial calamity.” Two conditions prevail in fields at tacked by weevils, Mr. Lephiew says. One field of cotton may show a large number of grown bolls, but which havp not blossomed out for several weeks because of the weevil. The farmer realizes the young cotton is ruined and pins his faith to Ihe ma tured bolls, but there is where he Is in error, Mr. Lephiew says. “A careful examination will show the familiar puncture on the side of the mature boll," Mr Lephiew says, “and if the boll is cut open the inte rior will be found decayed. "Another field also may have an av erage number of grown bolls, but the weevils entered the field late and the stalks are still blooming. The owner of the field will get only cotton from the matured bolls, because the pests will feed on the blooms. Threshing wheat and oats has been nearly completed in Benton county. Wheat is yielding about a half crop; quality good. Oats were above the average in yield, with the largest acreage in the history or the county and quality first class. Corn will average one-third of a crop in Benton county. Arkansas will receive from the fed eral government $11,294 for construc tion and maintenance of roads and trails in national forests within the state, according to the tentative ap portionment made by Secretary of Agriculture Houston. The total ap propriation for the nation is about $1,000,000. Members of the W. C. T IT. at Van Buren say one-third of the signers of the initiative petition for the repeal of the statewide prohibition law in Crawford county are illegal. It is al leged they have failed to pay their poll tax. The W. C. x. V. is making a vigorous campaign in this county against the repeal bill. The Building Committee of the First Presbyterian church has received bids for a Sunday school building to be erected on property adjoining the church at Fifth and Walnut streets. Pine Bluff. It will cost about $10,000. The Ball manganese mines of Cave Springs have suspended operations. For a long time these mines were large producers of low grade ore, but recently the operators have been un able to sell it. Machinery is being installed in the new Pekin Cooperage Company plant at Benton, which will cost $25,000, Forty men will be employed. It is ex peeled the plant will begin operations by September 1. George Price, 22 years old, son of ,T. R. Price, a well-known farmer of DeValt s Bluff, accidentally shot and killed himself with a Winchester rifle He was cleaning the gun, it is said, when it was discharged. I ' 1 W. E. Ammons shipped 504 barrels of Maiden Blush apples from two and a quarter acres near Bentonville. The apples were sold in New Orleans at $3.25 per barrel. . a c-'-lond of thoroughbred Short i horn B..: i i ittle ordered by the Drew County bank of Montieello for | its customers have arrived and all | have been placed. The Randolph Democrat is the I name of a weekly newspaper to he i published at Pocahontas by A. H. ! Chapin of Texas. The plant is being i installed. The Bentonville City Council pass ed an ordinance requiring a license j on vehicles kepi for hire by persons or firms other than regularly licensed i livery stables. The ordinance re ; quires a license of $fl per year for one ! horse vehicles, and $12 for two-horse I vehicles and automobiles. — The contract for the erection of the ; $4,100 school building at Fountain Hill was awarded to 11. Berry of Mon 1 >tcello and work is to begin at ! once. S. Balch, a farmer whose place Is I near Karle, recently shipped 600 bush 1 els of onions which grew on two acres j of ground, lie received a dollar per bushel for the onions. Mrs. W. W. Folsom, widow of Col. W. W. Folsom, editor of the Hope Ga zette. who (lied recently, has announc ed that the publication of the Gazette will ue continued. V splendid new brick schoolbous* la being erected at Dardanelle. SCENE OF BLOODIEST OF FIGHTING An official photograph from the British front allowing the devastation wrought by the fighting armies at Fricourt, one of the most sanguinary battle fields ol the war. DISCUSS REVENUE BILL IN SENATE PARTISAN ATMOSPHERE WILL PREVAIL WHILE DISCUS SION IS ON. Washington.—With Senator Sim mons, chairman of the finance com mittee, submitting figures designed to disprove Republican charges of Dem ocratic extravagance and Senator Smoot, Republican finance expert, as serting that the Democratic party should be convicted of attempting to procure votes under false pretenses, general debate on the $205,000,000 emergency revenue bill began in the Senate. There were indications on every hand of a partisan battle royal to be waged for several days. Insisting that national defense, pre paredness and the Mexican situation were altogether responsible for the necessity of special revenue legisla tion and proposed bond issue. Senator Simmons declared Republicans In Congress had clamored for even great er expenditures for defense, and. hav ing done inis, were seeking partisan advantage hy making false chargesfof Democratic extravagance to the pub lic. Sefiator Smoot, opening the Repub lican assault on the revenue bill, said if the Democratic party were to be retained in contiol of the government the country would "suffer an era of unequaled extravagance combined with inefficiency unsurpassed." His attack was supported by Senator Cur tis. To prove his contention that nor mal appropriations of this session were not excessive, Senator Simmons submitted Treasury Department esti mates for the year 1917. showing that, excluding postal appropriations, bond issues already authorized and amounts that will not be expended, revenues must be provided for disbursements of $1,126,243,000. Of this amount the total appropriated for national de fense worn * aggregate about $654,000, 000 and the senator submitted other figures to prove that this extraordi nary amount, due to preparedness and the Mexican emergency, exceeded nor mal defense appropriations by about $372,260,000 Officer Kiils Mexicans. Tucson, Arfz After liis horse had been shot from under him by two Mexicans, suspected of having perpe trated a burglary, and lie himself bad been shot through the hip. Constable John Bright of Court land. Cochise county, drawing his gun as he lay prone on the ground beside the body of his horse, killed the two Mexicans, near Coutrland. Bright will recover. Medical Aid Civilizes. New York —In an attempt to ad vance civilization through the me dium of medical relief, the Philippine ; government co-operating with the in 1 ternational health board of the Rocke feller Foundation, will send a hospital ship to the Sulu Archipelago, inhabit ed by approximately 200.000 Moros and other savage tribes. The medical service will be maintained five years. Must Have Reparation. London.—In the House of Commons \ Premier Asquith said th° government ' s determined that “this country will not tolerate a resumption of diplomat ic relations with Germany after the war until reparation is made for the murder of Captain Fryatt.” Dyestuffs $70 a Pound. New York.—A circular issued here by a firm quoting prices on dystuffs brought to this country by the Ger man submarine Deutschland shows that some grades are valued at $70 a pound. These are the rarer colors not yet manufactured in the United States. 879 Guards Discharged. San Antonio, Tex.—A total of 879 j guardsmen have been released under the dependent relative provision. COMMISSION NAMED IN BORDER DISPUTE SECRETARY FRANKLIN K. LANE, JUDGE GEORGE GRAY AND DR. JOHN R. MOTT MEMBERS. Washington. — Secretary Lansing announced that the American mem bers of the joint commission to under take settlements of differences be tween the United States and Mexico would be Franklin K. Igine. secretary of the interior; Judge George Gray of Wilmington. Del., and Dr. John R. Mott of New York City. All of the commissioners have ac cepted their appointments, the Mex ican members were named some time ago and arrangements for their meeting will be made immediately by Secretary Lansing and Eliseo Arre dondon. Gen. Carranza's ambassador designate. Secretary Lane, who will head the American group, was the first mem ber selected. Associate Justice Bran deis was President Wilson's second choice, and after a conference with Chief Justice White he decided his du ties would not permit him to serve. Judge Gray, who is judge of the Third Federal Judicial Circuit and a former United States senator, has had much experience on international bodies and since 1:.00 has been a member of the international permanent court of arbi tration under The Hague convention. Hr. Mott is general secretary of the international committee of the Young Men’s Christian Association and au thor of numerous religious works. He was offered the post of minister to China by President Wilson, but de clined it. The Mexico commissioners are Lula Cabrera, minister of finance; Ygnacio Ronilas and Alberto Pani. Both of the latters are engineer sand Benilas las is a graduate of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Probably the first problem taken up by the joint committee will be the proposed withdrawal of American troops from Mexico. As Gen. Fun ston has recommended the recall of Gen. Pershing’s expedition this is ex pected to be agreed to by the Ameri can members. Gen. Carranza ap pointed his commissioners “prefera bly” to discuss this question, the ne gotiation of a protocol covering the crossing of the international border in pursuit of bandits and investiga tion of the interests which might be behind the raids into American terri tory. The United States refused to limit the discussion to the subjects and undoubtedly others will be gone into. Threatens Hughes' Life. Long Beach. Cal.—The Long Beach police made public a letter received by the secretary of Charles* E. Hughes, threatening to kill the candi date. The letter was mailed in Los Angeles. It reads: “We warned you before you left the supreme bench that you never would sit in the presi dential chair. We will get you. Watch out at Santa ^na.” Assails Paper Trust. Washington.—Senator Martlne o( New Jersey assailed me so-called pa per trust on the floor of the Spnate because of the high price of news print paper and submitted an amend ment to the revenue bill to place news print paper and materials en tering into it on the free list of the tariff. Eight Killed; 20 Hurt. Montreal, Quebec.—Eight persons were killed and more than a score in ' jured in an explosion in a munitions plant at Drummondville. The cause of the disaster has not been deter mined. Sank 74 Ships lit July. Rerlin.—An official statement Is sued here says that during July 74 merchantmen belonging to the entente allies were sunk by perman and Aua trlan submarines and mines. ITALY FORMALLY AT WAR WITH GERMANY OFFICIAL ANNOUNCEMENT HAS AROUSED GREAT ENTHU SIASM AT ROME. ■ ROUMANIA ALSO MAY ENTER — Italy’s Position Has Been Anomalous Since She Withdrew From the Alliance and Declared War on Austria. ITALY’S WAR DECLARATION. Home.—The official announce ment of Italy’s declaration of war on Germany as given out here fol lows: “The Italian government de clares in the name of the king that Italy considers herself to be in a state of war with Germany as from August 28, and begs the Swiss government to convey this information to the imperial Ger - man government.” Rome.—Baron Sonnino, minister of foreign affairs, announces that Italy considers herself in a state of war with, Germany. The official announcement of a state of war betiveen Italy and Ger many has aroused great enthusiasm here. Cheering crowds are parading ; the streets, applauding the govern ment’s decision. Diplomatic circles here expect in | tervention in the war by Roumania j against the central empires tomor i row. Italy and Germany have been drift ! ing steadily toward war. In fact, I Italy’s formal declaration amounts to little more than official recognition of j a state of affairs which already ex isted. The declaration became inevi table when Italy recently sent troops to Saloniki to co-operate in the cam paign on the Macedonian front, as | Germany is directing the forces and has troops on the battle line. Italy's position lias been anomal ous since she withdrew from the tri ple alliance and declared war on Austria. Although by this act she ar rayed herself against her former al lies, Germany and Austria, she re mained officially at peace with Ger many until recently. Germany exert ed every effort to induce her to re main neutral, sending to Rome ns am bassador Prince von Buelow, one of the ablest statesmen of Germany. The prince for some time averted the war between Austria and Italy, and when he saw a rupture was inevi table he negotiated a special agree ment under which in case of war be tween Austria and Italy, Germany and Italy pledged themselves to respect the properties and lives of their re spective subjects in each others do mains. This meant for Germany a guarantee of many millions of dollars’ worth of properties in Italy and for Italy the safety of 30,000 Italian sub jects in Germany. According to unofficial reports. Italy’s allies were dissastisfied and asked the Italian representatives at the Pai#s entente conference why their nation was not at war with Ger many. Italy already had agreed not to conclude a separate peace and at the Paris conference sanctioned .the plan for a permanent high council of the entente powers for future conduot of the war The increasing co-opera Mon among the entente allies and the necessity for bringing into service Italy's surplus of troops, which could not be employed on the other fronts without bringing on war with Germany, gradually brought Italy into such a position that it became evident a declaration of hostilities against Germany was only a matter of time. 100 Shot6 Exchanged. Naco, Ariz.—Over 100 shots were exchanged across the international line about a mile west of here be tween patrajs belonging to the negro militia troops from the District of Columbia and a pariy on the Mexi can side. Bakers Prepare To Act. Chicago.—Bakers throughout the country are preparing to act concert edly in advancing the price of a ttve cent loaf of bread to six cents, ac cording to Paul Schultz, head of une »f Chicago’s largest baking concerns. Class of 1919 Called. Paris.—The Intransigeant publishes under reserve a dispatch from I.ati sanne that lierntany has ordered all youths of IT to report immediately to I recruiting bureau. —————— Ends Life With Poison. San Francisco.—J. Kelly Neal, aged 35, of Duck Hill, Miss., ended his life 1 by poison here because friends in his I home town ridiculed an impediment in his speech which he had tried in vain to overcome. Postal Service Surplus. ; Washington.—A surplus of $5,200, ! 000 from the postal service during the I fiscal year ending June 30 was report j ed to President Wilson by Postinastor General Burleson. HOW MRS. BEAN MET THE CRISIS Carried Safely Through Change of Life by Lydia EL Pinkham'a Vegetable Compound. Naahville.Tenn.—“When I waa going through tha Change of Life I had a tu mor as large as a child’! head. The doctor said it was three years coining and gave me medi cine for ft until I was called away * from the city for some time. Of course I could not < go to him then, so my sister-in-law told me that she thought Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vegetable Com pound would cure it. It helped both the Change of Life and the tumor and when I got home I did not need the doctor. I took tho Pinkham remedies until the tumor was gone, the doctor said, and I have not felt it since. I tell every one how I was cured. If this letter will help others you are welcome to use It.” —Mrs. E. H. Bean, 626 Joseph Avenue, Nashville, Tenn. Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vegetable Com pound, a pure remedy containing the extractive propertiea of good old fash ioned roots and herbs, meets the needs of woman’s system at this critical period of her life, e Try it If there is any symptom In your case which puzzles you, write to the Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Co., Lynn, Mass* _ Tuft’s Pills enable the dyspeptic to eat whatever ha wishes. They cause the food toasslmllata and nourish the body, give appetite, and DEVELOP FLESH. Dr. Tutt Manufacturing Co. New York. SOMETHING FLY COULDN’T DO Robbie Was Able to Point Out Its Limitations When Called Upon to Admire Insect. In ilit* opinion of some persons, the new teacher was going almost too far in her attention to nature study. How ever. the children appeared to enjoy it all, and, so far. no parents had made open objection to the little talks on birds, insects, and Powers with which the teacher diversified tlie routine of school work. So all went along quite comfortably until the afternoon when tlie fly and the flea were tip for con sideration. Following the teacher's lead, the children hud all grown enthusiastic over the astonishing acrobatic abilities of the fly—all except Ilobhie May, who for some time had been staring mood ily at his desk, easting only occasional glances at the teacher, and those un mistakably sullen. It became so noticeable by the time they were all admiring the fact that the fly can walk on the celling, that thi> teacher paused and turned to the boy. “What is tlie trouble, Hobble?” she inquired. “ArenP you listening? | Aren’t you interested in the talk?" "Ye-es," granted Hobble, reluctantly polite. Then, warming up. “but l bet a fly can’t hang by its kuees, and every boy in school can do it. all ’cept Laurie Lee, and lie’s had the dipthery!" —Youth’s Companion. “Lickers” Worth While. "My papa can lick your papa.” boasted Johnny, aged six. "1 don’t care; my mamma can lick your mamma,” came back Jimmy. "Both of you make me tired,” chimed in Sammy. “My papa and my mumtna can both lick me, and tlie worst jmrt of it is they take turns about doin’ It." Indianapolis News. A HINT TO WISE WOMEN. Dod’I suffer torture when all female troubles will vanish in thin air after using “Feracnina.” Price 50c and gi.oo.—Adv. Prince (Seorgc of Knglund. who is only fourteen years old, is an expert j with knitting needles. Operated like a pair of shears, a j new implement revolves a buffer to polish the flngcrnatls. That Knife-Like Pain Have you a lame back, aching day and night? l>o you feel sharp pains after stooping? Are the kidneys sore? Is their action irregular? Do you have headaches, backaches, rheumatic pains,—feel tired, nerv ous, all worn-out? Use Doan’s Kid ney Pills—the medicine recom mended by so many people In this locality, ltoud the experience that follows: A Louisiana Case Marry Kessllng. 14^9 St. Bernard Ave.. N e w Orleans. 1 at., says: "I had such severe pains through my back and kid neys. that I would be come faint. Mornings I was so stirr ami lame. I could hardly stoop. I didn’t sleep a well and always felt I tired. I suffered ” from dizzy spells and headacheii and my nerves were all un strung. Doan's Kid "h«»T fid an Ml •yStanT ncy run m a a e a ~ complete cure In a month and I hare been strong and healthy ever alnca." Gat Deaa'eat Aey Stare, 80e a lea DOAN'S Way FOSTER-MILS URN CO, BUFFALO. N. T. I W. N. U., LITTLE ROCK, NO. 36-191C.