Newspaper Page Text
Twenty-i Six Columns of Home Reading This Week
THE TRUTH 5 IS GOOD ENOUGH. VOL. 2. VOLCANO DISTURBS PEOPLE BrooKvale Fears a Min iature Mont Peelee. Clear Creek county has a real live volcano. Within ten miles of Idaho Springs a volcano has been discovered, situated on the Big Chief moun tain, and from reports received it is pouring forth its lava in a considerable quantity. Charlie Crosson, who arrived in the city on Monday morning, brought the startling news that within four miles of his home a volcano had been espied. It was only on last Saturday that Mr. Cros son made the discovery, and then it was purely by accident. He had been out hunting for bear, and following the tracks which lead up Big Chief moun tain, he could see in the distance smoke arising from a distant peak. Thinking that perhaps some tourists might be camping in the neighborhood, he ventured forth for the purpose of making an ac quaintance and offering any assistance that might aid those in camp to profit in their search of game. The closer he came, the more convinced he was that it was not the smoke of a bonfire, and upon arriv ing at the place he found that a volcano was burn ing fiercely. Mr. Crosson lost no time in making an examination of the premises, but was retarded in his efforts by thmheat and smoke which burst forth. As far as can be learned concerning the eruption, an earthquake first took place in the neighborhood of Mr. Crosson’s home. He says that on last Wednesday night he could feel a tremor of the ground which he was sure was natu rally produced, because there is no blasting being done within a great distance of where he lives. It is a well-known fact that in many instances the tremor may be so imperceptible to the senses that it can only be discovered by the aid of refined ap paratus. The tremors came rapid and only lasted a few moments. This is just what happened, accord ing to the story of Mr. Crosson. He was at work in his garden when he first noticed that the earth seemed to be trembling. This passed off and again in a few moments he had the same peculiar sensa tion. On Saturday night Charlie decided that he would go out and search for a bear which had been prowling around in the neighborhood. It was then he discovered the volcano. In speaking of the eruption Mr. Crosson had the following to say : “I had walked a distance of about a mile and a half when I could see smoke arising in the distance. I walked very fast, thinking that perhaps I might warn people of the danger of forest fires, and to advise them to be cautious about leaving any burn ing embers. As I reached the summit of the peak, I could see smoke coming forth in great quantities, but from where I could not at that time determine. Crossing over the ledge, I could see very plainly from whence it came. At first I did not know what to do. I was afraid to venture too close, thinking perhaps that the eruption would pour forth its lava and burn me. By careful work I managed to get within about twenty feet, but the heat was so in tense that I was compelled to go back for a consid erable distance. I did not say anything to anybody about my disclosure, but on the following morning I again visited the Big Chief. There it was as usual, burning even more fiercely than the evening before. I then reported my discovery to several of my neighbors, and ever since we have been watching the creature with a great deal of interest. Some of those living in the immediate vicinity have become alarmed, and the advisability of moving away, thinking that perhaps the volume of lava may become so great that the surrounding country will be buried. “The rocks, that is the large ones, I noticed to be split in two for a considerable distance. In many instances, evidently where the burning mol ten and earthquake shock had come in contact, they are separated for at least six inches. This you know is an unusual occurrence, for during the his tory of the world, it has seldom been known where the separation has been over two inches. ’ ’ The shape of a volcanic mountain is that of a truncated cone, the apex being replaced by a coni cal cavity called a crater, and from this crater mol ten lava or other highly heated substances are dis charged. At the bottom of the crater is an open ing or vent from which the discharges or eruptions usually take place. A large part of the material discharged is liquid or pasty, which consists of melted rock. It is composed chiefly of silica and various silicates, which are sometimes amorphous or glassy, but more commonly crystalline. Mr. Crosson says that the substance which this volcano pours forth is of a glassy nature. “I noticed,” contihued Mr. Crosson, “that the lava increases in size as it reaches the top. You will understand that the steam becomes mixed with the lava, the result being that it is made much lighter as the upward motion increases. As it comes out it is tom to fragments by the steam and thrown high in the air. As it goes upward it looks like a dust was filling the air. This dust, as it appears to the observer, seems to spread for a distance of per Idaho Springs Siftings. IDAHO SPRINGS, COLO., SATURDAY, MAY 24. 1902. A Water War Promised. § Last Thursday a transfer was made from James Bales to J. N. Bradley, con- Iveying to the latter all the right, title and interest to the Santa Ke tunnel site— a distance of 3,000 feet—entering near the Cliff house and driving through in a southeasterly course almost directly toward the hot tunnel baths now in opera tion under the ownership of the Big Five federation. According to statements made by those in a position to know the plans of Mr. Bradley, it will incite a war that will be pretty certain to end in the courts. Mr. Bradley located the tunnel site in 1891. It was purchased from him by the Idaho Springs Mining and Development company in 1892, and since that time the title to the tunnel site has been swaddled in litigation. <2 The title finally passed from the corporation known as the Development com -9 pany to Jacob Bales and was held by him some time under the legal protest of 9 Mr. Bradley. Last Thursday a compromise was effected and Mr. Bradley again 9 assumes authority over the property under his own home. <?> Just what the intentions are for the future is hard to determine as Mr. Brad -9 ley will say but little. When asked concerning his plans Thursday evening he 9 replied : 2 “ It is just as well to say as little about them as possible for the present. For 2 the past five years it has been generally known that I have had wealthy eastern 2 parties who were desirous of combining with me to prosecute work on the tunnel 9. and construct a big hotel on the hill near my place. I expect to begin work on 9 the tunnel and develop the mineral part of it and the water proposition as well. 9 The plan has been to have an elevator from the baths in the tunnel to the hotel, 2 and there is abundant capital back of the enterprise to make it in every sense a 9 success. At the present time we have mineral in the veins that shows good val -9 ues, and taken as a proposition as a mineral and resort feature it cannot be dup -9 licated in the country. The tunnel site extends pretty nearly under the bath 9 houses on Soda creek.” haps a mile, when it puts on the appearance of a huge sheet. Every now and then the dust seems to disappear for a short space of time and cinders take their place, and are seemingly thrown thou sands of feet in the air. Upon descending they fall upon a circular tract about the vent of the mountain. The steam and dust which arises from the crater go upward until they have reached an air stratum of their own destiny, when they seem to spread as a horizontal cloud and are drifted away by the wind.” Where a volcano breaks forth suddenly, as it happened in this case, it is considered rythmic. The most dangerous ever known in the history of the world have been of this nature, and in cases where cities and towns have been buried it is the result of one which suddenly starts up. They gen erally’ have periods of absolute rest and quiet, and perhaps may not show any indication of being alive for a period of from forty to one hundred years. During this time the subterranean conduits are sealed oy the congealation of lava. History contains a record of many of this character, and from the records they are in almost every case more disastrous than the others. It is usually the case, after such an interval that the most violent explo sions take place. Word was received yesterday morning from Mr. Crosson, that the output of smoke had diminished to a considerable extent, and that those living in the vicinity are feeling more hopeful. Many who have lived in the Clear Creek mining district for a number of years, and have seen the city of Idaho Springs grow from its infancy, have recollections of hearing of a volcano which burned more than forty-five years ago. It was hot known that time just where the smoke came from, but it is a foregone conclusion that it was on Big Chief mountain. The Clevelands Found Guilty. Clark Cleveland and his father, E. G. Cleve land, w’ere tried in the district court at George town this week, and the jury fotind both guilty. Clark w’as found guilty of involuntary man slaughter and his father of assault and battery. The case occupied the attention of the court for four days, and seventeen witnesses were placed on the stand by the prosecution. The attorney for the defendants did not make any defense, simply rely ing on the judgment of the jury to return an hon est verdict. The decision of the jury seems to meet with universal satisfaction, as few people had the least idea that Clark Cleveland had any inten tion of commiting murder at the time Johnson was killed. The crime for which the men were tried was that of the murder of John D. Johnson, which oc curred at Empire, on March 18 of the present year. Johnson and the elder Cleveland had been enemies for some time, and the two got into a heated argu ment, with the result that Johnson received a beat ing at the other’s hands. The matter was appar ently settled, when Clark Cleveland walked in the saloon through the back door and struck Johnson on the side of the neck. Johnson fell to the floor and expired in a few moments. John J. White of Georgetown was attorney for the Clevelands. The penalty for involuntary manslaughter is from one day to one year in the county jail. As sart and battery is also a jail offense. Committed to Incorrigible Home Diving in a small cabin consisting of one room, with no other companions than two men, Nettie Taylor, a girl 14 years old, was taken into custody Thursday morning by Marshal O’Rourke and Agent Kerr of the Humane society. Complaint was made several days ago that the girl was living with Frank Cotts and his father, about six miles up Soda creek. The girl is with out friends, save the Cotts, her mother having died about a year ago. Her father deserted his family several years ago, and Nettie has had a hard time during the greater part of ber life. Shfe was considered a wayward girl and at one time was committed to the incorrigible home at Denver. She was released on parole and returned to Idaho Springs. Shortly after her return her mother died and she at once sought the friendship of the Cotts. Numerous ugly rumors have been circulated concerning the relations between the father, son and girl, and several of the neighbors held an indignation meeting, with the result that it was decided to report the matter to the Humane society. Secretary Whitehead was notified and at once dispatched a deputy to this city. He arrived Thursday morning and at once sought the services of Marshal O’Rourke. The two went to the home of the Cotts and took the girl in charge. Nettie was very indignant to think that anyone would dare to interfere with her, and was plain and outspoken when she addressed the officers. She objected to being taken in charge and said that she was perfectly satisfied with her lot. However she was brought to the city, and in the afternoon was taken to Denver by Agent Kerr, where she will be recommitted to the home for incorrigible girls. Many bitter tears did the girl shed when she was taken to the train. She declared that she would not remain at the home any definite period, and that in case she was compelled to, she would secure poison and end her unhappy existence. The girl is well developed for her age, and to the ordinary observer she would appear to be at least 18 years old. The two Cotts were also brought down, but were not held, for the reason that nothing could be proven against them. Commencement Exercises. Arrangements have about been completed for the commencement exercises of the High school which takes place June 14. The Idaho Springs High school has had a very good year, with the re sult that ten young men and women will be gradu ated, all ready to go forth and enter the walks of life. Some will continue to seek education in the higher lines, while the others will venture forth fully able to cope for themselves. The Rev. Wil son, a former Presbyterian minister of this city, but now located in Canon City, will deliver the commencement address. The exercises will be held in the Opera house, and the diplomas will be pre sented by the president of the school board. Prof. Clark announces that the following named young people have been decided upon as eligible candi dates for graduation : Honor Plummer, Eula Horsch, Helen Black, Lizzie Nicolson, Cora Rad cliffe, Florence Bond, Mack Loherts, Frank Horsch, Carl Knoettge and James Rice. J? THE PEOPLE SAY: (► ♦“IT’S A GOOD PAPER”! LOYALTY TO THE DEFENDERS Decoration Day Parade Will Be a Big One. DECORATION DAY PROCLAMATION. T i ' ‘ f In keeping with the time-honored custom ] [ I to pay tribute to the memory of the depart- • ed dead and teach the lesson of loyalty and !! gratitude to the living, I would ask the citi- ] ‘ zens generally and all civic and military so- 1 • Icieties to join together earnestly in the obser- ! vance of Friday, May 30, as Decoration day. ' ’ It is earnestly desired that all places of business shall be closed from the hours of 9 1 o’clock a. m. to 1 o’clock p. m. of said day, ’ and that the people pay their tribute of re- 1 ■ spect to the memory of those who defended !! the flag of their country. By order of '; John Trathen, Mayor. V. I. Noxon, City Clerk. 1 ! The indications are that one of the largest pa rades ever known in the history of Idaho Springs will take place on Decoration day. Final arrangements have been made for the Memorial day exercises. It is expected that nearly eighteen different orders will be represented, and that more than a thousand people will be in line. As will be seen from the above Mayor Trathen has issued his proclamation, and the citizens are asked to pay tribute to the departed, and to teach the lesson of loyalty and gratitude to the living. Business houses will be closed during the hours be tween 9 and 1. The procession will march from the Opera house on Miner street to Seventeenth avenue, thence to Colorado street, on Colorado to Twelfth avenue, thence to the cemetery, where the graves will be decorated and a salute will be fired by Co. I, C. N G. The procession will then be again formed anc a march will be made to the Opera house, where fnrther exercises will be held. In the afternoon an inspection of the city fire department will take place, at which all members are expected to participate. A. R. Comstock will be grand marshal and will have the following assistants and aides : Assistant Marshals—W. P. McCormick, B. P. O. E. ; Thomas B. Crow, K. of P. Aides—D. A. Reed, chief of fire department; P. T. Stevens, A. O. U, W.; Ole Walde, I. O. O. F. ; Frank C. Walters, W. of W. ; W. A. Roberts, I. O. R. M. ; W. S. Develan, Junior O. A. M. ; George J. Bradley, K. O. T. M. All military and civic organizations will assem ble in front of the city hall at 9 o’clock sharp, in the following order : Band. Co. I First Infantry, First Brigade, N. G. C. Knights of Pythias. Escort G. A. R. Grand Army of the Republic. Confederate Veterans. Spanish War Veterans, in carriages. Firemen. Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. Ancient Order of United Workmen. Independent Order of Odd Fellows. Woodmen of the World. Improved Order of Red Men. Junior Order of American Mechanics Drum Corps. Junior Order of American Mechanics. Knights of the Maccabees. All Ladies’ Auxiliaries and Independent Orders. Mayor. City Council, in carriages. Citizens, in carriages. Mr. Merrill Takes Charge. N. C. Merrill, secretary of the Big Five com pany, arrived in Idaho Springs last Saturday and immediately took charge of the Soda springs, re lieving Eugene Carl, who has looked after the in terests of that institution for the last six months. Mr. Merrill will make his home for the summer in this city, and will occupy the residence on Soda creek with his family. Miss A. S. Hazen, who is also interested in the springs, is in the city, and the two are busy mak ing arrangements for the accommodation of the guests who always visit this district. The bath house and office are now getting their second ..coat of paint, and the buildings will pre sent a much improved appearance. A new water tank has been ordered and it is ex pected in a few days. This .will be a decided im provement, as the old one loses considerable water owing to leaks. The season has opened up very promising, and the indications are that more people will take a plunge this summer than ever in the history of the institution. Mr. Merrill made a business trip to Denver on Friday, returning the same evening. NO. 23.