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Western farmers Ever on
Lookout for Cyclones Recent disturbances by volcanic sruption in the island of Martinique and Guatemala bring out in full meas are the sympathy of the residents of :he cyclone district of the Southwest. The cyclone is by far the worst form of disaster that visits this country, coming at unexpected times and deal ing death and destruction in wide spread manner. When the summer days bring waves of heat across the stretches of hot sod. then the residents of the prairie West begin to cast their eyes to the windward. They are watching the formation of the clofids, and he who could not distinguish a cyclone bank from any other is indeed a tenderfoot. Then the cry of warning is carried across the plains, and the members of every family makes for their cy clone cellars. These cellars differ in various communities. The popular cyclone cellar on the plains of West ern Kansas, where cyclones a few /ears ago were almost a daily occur rence, are ordinarily sod houses, built low and strong. In the Russian communities of Kan sas these cyclone houses serve as the family residence the year around. They are about seven feet high, and WON AND LOST # 4* .jjj Tragedy of Love'* Young Dream and an Automobile X Oh, she was the belle of her tony set, a winsome and ravishing young 1 brunette, with a pair of eyes that could read your thoughts and tie your af fections all into knots. There w-asn’t a fellow on Big Bug street but had laid his heart at her shapely feet, and she kept them guessing, those hearts a- ■ thump, which way the kitten would Borne day jump. But one there was. he a scheming chap, and he set for his game an enticing trap in the shape of an auto, a rig sans horse that skimmed o’er the ground by electric force, and his rivals were ’/'allowing ' in dismay when they saw' the couple one balmy day spin forth like a streak for a country ride, on her face a pic ture of new-born pride, and his rivals muttered in w'orst of moods: “Our name is Dennis! He’s got the goods!” And on o’er country roads they went In high-grade rapture spinning. Both in a dream of sweet content Spasmodically grinning. They talked of this and they talked of that, she through her bonnet, he through his hat, he whispered lies of the genus white, she swallowed them in her new delight. Upon the lever her hand he placed to guide the auto, and round her waist his arm like a noiseless serpent crawled and closer to him her form he hauled. He breathed in her ears the usual words that lovers toss to the dickey birds, and she responded in tones so sweet each sugared sentence seemed good to eat. He’d won the prize, and his soul was filled with joy till the foam o’er the edges spilled, and she was happy to think she’d caught a handsome fel DESERTS OF AMERICA SI £ Comparison of Man-Made Wasto Spots With th« Work of Nature The desert still maintains its fast nesses in the West. There are some spots better entitled to the name than others, but each year these fastnesses are shrinking before the advance of human enterprise, as the water might rise over the land, leaving the high and difficult places to the last. So these islands are scattered through several states and territories, mostly In Arizona. New Mexico, California, Nevada. Utah and Oregon, in the great valley lying between the main ridge of the Rocky mountains, on the east, and the Cascades, Sierra Nevada and the coast range on the west. Chief among them are the Mohave desert, in southeastern California, a territory as large as Switzerland: the Colorado and Gila deserts of southwestern Ari zona and Southern California; the marvelous Painted desert of north eastern Arizona, and the Great Salt Lake desert of Utah. Opening north ward from the Mohave desert lies Death Valley, perhaps the most deso late and forbidding spot in America, though comparatively small in extent. Yet there are few places even in these desert strongholds that are wholly without life of one sort or another, and k large proportion of them could be re claimed, if water were available. Even as it is, not one can bar human activ ity; railroads have been built directly across three of the worst of them; built exceptionally strong. The roofs are slanting, and the houses are set to the wind, that is, the ends are faced toward the east and west. In Oklahoma every farmhouse is backed up by a cave, a hole dug into the ground, and covered by an earthen roof. Some farmers have gone so far in protecting themselves against cy clones that they have a small cannon loaded with salt and buckshot, which is fired into the whirling clouds as they approach. This has been known to turn the course of a common event to dismiss school on the plains of Oklahoma when a bank of clouds begin to arise in the south w'est. These wind and rain storms are becoming more uncommon every day, and it is believed that the plant ing of trees and the settlement of the barren sod has had much to do with it. Before Oklahoma was thoroughly settled dozens of cyclones w'ere re ported every day i:i the hot months. The writer was in New’kirk one day in the early period of that town’s exist ence, and saw seven cyclones form in the afternoon. All of them followed the course of the Arkansas river, and “struck” in the Osage Indian reserva tion, far to the westward. low who owned an auto; and the jay birds chattered and rustic cows bawied hoarse hooraws to their fresh-sealed vows. And on they sped of their sense bereft. So tightly did Cupid bind ’em. That ere they knew it the town was left Some seventeen miles behind ’em. Then the clouds came up and the rain came down and sprinkled its tears on her new spring gown, then changed from a drizzle to falling flood, and the road was a channel of slush and mud, and the auto stopped in re bellious mood—like a balky mule in the roadway stood. And there they sat in that worst of storms with no umbrella to shield their forms, and they got as soaked on their auto perch as a new convert in the Baptist church, and their love was chilled by the’rainy slush till it grew impassive as cold fried mush. ’Twas full two miles to a railway tow'n. and with scowling features he helped her down and off they trudged through the muddy lane in the pitiless pour of the blawsted rain, her eyes all chafed with the tears she shed, his lips calcined with the things he said, and they learned at the station with souls aghast that the last dummed train for the day had passed. And his rivals chattered with merry lip. And approached her with new en deavor. For the language used on that soggy trip Queered him with her forever! —Denver Post. mines are being opened, and oil wells driven; land is being reclaimed by ir rigation. and even in the fastnesses of Death Valley there are many mining camps and an extensive borax indus try. In all the West, look as you will, you will find no desert more pitifully forlorn, more worthless than the man made deserts of northern Wisconsin and Michigan, where fire has followed the heedless lumberman and spread a black and littered waste thousands of square miles in extent, where once grew a splendid green forest of pine. One is beautiful with the perfected grandeur into which nature molds even the most unpromising material; the other is hideous, grotesque, piti ful, a reminder of the reckless waste fulness of man.—June Century. Convicted Man Returns Thanks. A curious scene took place in a court at Emporia, Kan., one day last week, when a convicted murderer, who had been sentenced to five years in the penitentiary, delivered an ad dress of thanks, as follows: “I am entirely satisfied with the verdict and the sentence, and I am confident that not one jury in ten would have been so lenient with me. I desire to thank sincerely the court for its Just and courteous manner of conducting this trial, and I hope that the blessing of God will remain with you all.** AS THE WORL REVOLVES ELECTRICITY IN FARMING. Used Extensively in France, Where Coal Is Scarce. Electricity is used in the house or the French farmer, not only for heat ing, but for cooking of food. Now that coal is becoming scarce and high, and forests are inadequate to furnish fuel, electricity is furnishing the cheapest source of energy. The cur rent from a generator is led to a cen tral distributing station, where it i 3 divided into as many circuits as there are separate motors —and so power is distributed. In the farmers’ barns this power runs foot cutters, milk sep arators, fanning mills, etc. It can also be used for cleaning harnesses, for sharpening tools, for ventilators, pumps, mills, etc. Yards, stables and barns are lighted as well as houses. The water from ponds or brooks or rivers is raised high enough for its distribution through farm buildings and over the fields of irrigation. Ele vators, hay cutters, hay presses and cider presses are also worked by electricity.—Electricity. LADY DUNDONALD IS POPULAR. Wife of Canada’s Military Com mander Noted for Her Beauty. All Canada is ready to fall in love with Lady Dundonalcf, wife of the recently appointed commander of the Canadian troops. Her simple man ners, her splendid education, her love for books and the brilliancy of her receptions have long been known In the dominion. She is of Welsh par entage and is no less popular than her warrior husband. She has consider able fortune and spends much of it each year in assisting charitable or ganizations. She, too, has fighting blood in her veins, for she went to war with the parish council at Gwyrch castle in England not long ago because that body presumed to Interfere with the pruning of her trees. The war was a bitter one, but her ladyship was victorious, compell ing the council to keep its fingers off her business. Violins Made from Clay. An old Scotch proverb says: “You can’t make a silk purse out of a sow’s ear.” It seems to the ordinary person that it would be quite as impossible to make a good violin out of clay, but it has been done. A well-known man ufacturer of the Mesßein ocarinas and porcelain organus has invented a proc ess for the manufacture of violins and mandolins from clay. Some violins have already been completed, and the inventor has applied for letters patent for the same in different countries. Under this process the violins are cast and every violin is guaranteed a suc cess and to be excellent for producing music. The latter quality constitutes precisely the chief value of this in vention. The porcelain body, it is claimed, is better able to produce sound than a wooden one, since it co operates in the production of sound, making the notes soft and full. THE THANKS. OF CONGRESS. They Are Extended to Rear Admiral Kempff. The house committee on foreign affairs unanimously reported a resolu- tion giving the thanks of Congress to Rear Admiral Kempff for his conduct during the aiege of Taku. Chin*. Veterans Revisit the Battlefield of Shiloh HILOH! What a world of memo ries; what a universe of possibilities in the tangled skein of speculation arise at mention of the word! Hfbkneyed though the subject may be to many— S 3ld of talk an*d tired of argument—still what a level for the imagination, which seeks gore and annihilation to arouse It. Seated on a broken trunk in its still dead closes, the grizzled veteran will admit that had not Gen. Albert' Sidney Johnson been fatally shot the unison of states might have been the ephemeral vision of an infant gov 9rnment, and Mason and Dixon’s line k Chinese wall instead of an imagin ary division. It was Albert Sidney Johnson, al ready galled by unfavorable criticism from the Southern press, who met Shiloh as the beginning or the end of his real life, and with his eyes fixed for favor or for fate, opened in an Instant on the Union center with six ty-two cannon that wafted away the blue like chaff and sent the raw re cruits from the north Central states cowering toward the Tennessee, where Sen. Nelson asked permission from his superiors to shell them for cow ardice. It was behind Albert Sidney Johnson that the Army of the Mississippi, their throats black with powder smoke, spread distraction throughout the North by that first day’s victory. Historians for the next 100 years will doubtless slip over the causes and effects of that terrible battle as they have during the last forty, and the world at large will not be the less enlightened, but the memory of Shi loh will stand longer than the stones which were dedicated to Ohio soldiers there June 7, 1902. It was on this occasion that sixty two Ohio and Indiana veterans found their way back through the toilsome years, their tears and their cares, to bivouac for another night on the camp ground where death once hovered over :hem, and in the blistering sun of a Tennessee June hear the words of the orators about the gallantry of the jays gone by. Bent figures and maimed forms clambered over the rocks and struggled through the ravines of that immortal home of fame, to look again upon the earth that drank the blood of their friends and foes on those two days of the Rebellion. Above all and over all the robin was singing with an evident desire to split his joyous throat, and the color of his breast being redder than usual in this locality gave rise to speculations along other lines. An old Confederate veteran, who lives near the battlefield, is authority for the statement that ever since these birds tasted American blood in the historical battlefield pond and in the rivulet which carried it to the muddy banks of the Tennessee, their breasts grew redder with a crimson that did not fade with time. It was at “Bloody Pond” that the wounded Federals and Confeder ates crawled to slake their death thirst, and after drinking felled their heads into the stagnant waters to drown side by side. Only a few years ago the United States government began the work of making a garden spot out of the Entrance to Shiloh. Shiloh wilderness. Since then $200,- 000 has been spent on boulevards, etc. The National Commission will spend SIOO.OOO more, but out of all the money (Special Letter.) appropriated for the park not a cent has been used to erect offices on the grounds. The government puts in foundations for all monuments erect ed there. Besides tnose that now stand fifty more are to be put up. Two hundred and fifty cannon used in the civil war will be mounted on cast iron gun carriages and positioned in the park to indicate the movements of regiments engaged. Five mortuary monuments to the memory of gener als who lost their lives upon the field have been erected. Upon them are the names of Johnson, Gladden, Wal- Ohio Monument lace (W\ H. L. Wallace), Raith and Peabody. The Southern states have done but little individually up to date. Gen. Patterson asked the Tennessee legis lature for $30,000; was offered SIO,OOO, and let the matter drop at that. Ten nessee will have one monument to cost SIO,OOOO, which will be erected near Chapel church. The Northern states that have appropriated funds for the erection of regimental monu ments are Ohio, Indiana. Illinois, lowa, Wisconsin and Pennsylvania. The Hoosiers dedicate their monuments next September. Gov. Nash will be president, as well as United States Senator Beveridge. An old lady, Mrs. Helen Weather- head, who lives near the park, was present at the recent dedicatory exer cises. Mrs. Weatherhead’s six sons were in the battle. Three were with the Confederates and three with the Federals. On the first day three of the sons helped to drive the other three from the ground, and happened to occupy tlieir mother’s yard after that day’s fighting. The next day, strange as it may seem, when the first victors were dispersed, the other three sons camped in their mother’s yard, and the old lady had the pleasure of seeing all of her boys during the fight, and not one of her family lost his life in the struggle. T. J. Lindsey, one of the delegates, was hit in the face with a bullet and was left for dead under a pile of the fallen. The good Sister Anthony, whose work at Shiloh will perpetuate her name, placed her hand over his heart, and, finding warmth, ordered him sent to the hospital three days after the fight. He was finally nursed back to health, and for years he vis ited his benefactress annually to pay his respects to the noble Christian worker. While Shiloh is not in acreage what Chickamaugua is it will in time excel the latter because of its natural ad vantages from a picturesque point of view. Its position on the bluffs of the Tennessee, as well as its rolling hills and splendid trees, will, with the care and culture added, cause it to eclipse in beauty the other national park. It is already a garden spot, but within a few years it will be the Mecca for thousands who seek to escape the su)» try weather of Inland places.