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New Flag Is to Float
Over President’s Ship HEN next the Pres ident of the United States steps aboard a vessel, be it steam launch or man-o’-war, pleas ure boat or troop ship. there will m float from the mast a new flag. Not all new, but so changed that many who have for nearly forty years been familiar with the President’s banner will question the ownership of this fine new one which to-day hangs in an office in the navy department, not quite finished. The design on the flag is not changed excepting the “crest.” It re ally isn’t a crest at all, according to heraldry technicalities. The sunburst above the eagle's head in the Ameri can coat-of-arms had to have a title, and so “crest” is its signification. But the colors are changed, and, many be lieve. much for the better. The Pres ident's flag, in plain “United States,” is the coat-of-arms of the United States on a blue field. The seal or coat of arms of the United States was adopted by the continental congress June 20, 1782. There was a long discussion over the design, and many of the eminent statesmen of the day presented their ideas of what should figure upon the seal. Finally “Dr. Franklin, Mr. John Adams and Mr. Thomas Jefferson” were appointed a committee to pre pare a device for a great seal for the “United States of America.” So many designs of merit were sub mitted that the committee authorized Jefferson to combine the various ideas in one design, which he tried to do, and on August 10, 1776, presented this compact seal to the congress. Congress laid it on the table, and it is there yet. May 17, 1777, the com mittee reported another design, which looked like a cracked Chinese plate on one side and the body of the scrub brush on the other. This is also on the table where it was placed 123 (Obverse.) years ago. For three years longer the committee permitted the United States to get along without a seal. Then a new committee was appointed, consisting of Henry Middleton, Elias Boudinot and Edward Rutledge, who, in April, 1782, undertook to provide a design. They copied the old ideas, and the design submitted by them May 9, 1782, lies on the table with the others. Congress then referred the matter of a seal to its secretary, Charles Thompson, who got a Mr. William Barton of Philadelphia to help him design a seal. Its insignifi cance was complicated, and it followed the others on to the pile of tabled de vices. Mr. Barton of Philadelphia then pro duced anpther design, which is much like the one finally adopted, but it escutcheon, a glory, or, breaking did not suit congress. Messrs. Middle ton, Boudinot and Rutledge in some way appeared as a committee again First President’s Flag. June 13, 1782, and reported Mr. Bar ton’s device with some modification. It was referred to the secretary of the United States, and June 28, 1782, the secretary of congress, to whom was referred the several reports of committees on the device of a great seal, reported the following, which was adopted, and is the same to-day that it was a century and nearly a quarter ago: “Arms —Paleways of thirteen pieces, argent and gules; a chief, azure; the escutcheon on the breast of the American eagle displayed proper, holding in his dexter talon an olive branch, and in his sinister a bundle of thirteen arrows, all proper, and in his beak a scroll, inscribed with this motto, ‘E Pluribus Unum.* “For the crest —Over the head of (Special Letter.) the eagle, which appears above the through a cloud, proper, and sur rounding thirteen stars, forming a constellation, argent, on an azure field. “Reverse —A pyramid unfinished. “In the zenith, an eye in a triangle surrounded with a glory proper. Over the eye these words, ‘Annuit coeptis.’ On the base of the pyramid the nu merical letters, MDCCLXXVI, and un derneath the following motto: ‘Novus ordo Seclorum.* ” The eagle of the design adopted by the congress of 1782 is of the lean and President’s Flag With New Crest. hungry type, modeled after strict her aldic ideas, doubtless, but the proud bird of freedom which soars at the main royal to-day when the President takes to the water looks well fed and prosperous, while its “fierce gray eye and bending beak” are nothing like as rapaciously and revenously depicted as in days of old. The President’s flag is a century old institution, and has practically been in existence ever since there has been a nation. Some ten years ago, when the late President Harrison went up the Atlantic coast on the Dol phin, with the “President’s flag” flying at the main, the writers for certain newspapers severely criticised the over a century old custom they had never before observed, probably be cause latter-day Presidents, up to Har rison’s time, had gone boating but lit tle, yet it had been the custom up to 1865 for the blue field of the flag, known as the Union Jack, to be placed THE GREAT SEAL. (Reverse.) on the main when the President was aboard the ship, and all other flags were struck till the President left the vessel. Congress has never legislated on the President’s flag. It was established arbitrarily by the Secretary of the Navy, and presumably the changes made in the device upon the always blue field have been made at the sug gestion of the President. The President’s flag is used only at sea, and the last time it was used was on a recent visit to Annapolis. Victor Emanuel and Hia Father. Victor Emanuel 111. of Italy is curi ously the reverse of all that his father was. Humbert was a very ugly man; his irregular features possessed a sort of vulgarity astonishing enough in the representative of the most ancient royal house in Europe. His widely opened eyes were almost fierce in their expression and his manners were brusque almost to rudeness. He cared nothing for letters, nothing for art; music bored him; and he used to say with a laugh that he had rather any day look at a sewing machine than at the finest work of Benvenuto Cellini. His son has the clear-cut features of his aristocratic house, with a soft, al most dreamy look in the beautiful eyes belied by the strong lines of lips and chin. He is short of stature and slender of build, but there is no hint of weakness either of body or mind about him. Trusts in Japan. The trust fever has broken out In far-away Japan. Six or seven of the largest silk houses have agreed, after long consideration of tne matter, to “pool their interests.” That our ex ample has not sooner been followed there is due, no doubt, to the scarcity of factories, where capital to any great amount is employed. There are many factories, but they are small, with more skill in individual manu facturers than there is capital. It is said the capital, as we speak of It, Is not understood there at all. And yet a few of the more “westernized” houses have made the break and it la likely that others will follow. Current News and Views SAYS EARLY NOVELS MISLEAD. Hamlin Garland Declares Their Hero ines Are Insipid. Heroines of English and early American novelists were decried by Hamlin Garland in a lecture yester day at the University of Chicago. Summer co-eds were much amused w'hen the lecturer declared that the old-time heroine was as beautiful as an angel and just as insipid. Books which picture the heroine in this manner are not good for the young girl of to-day to read, according to Mr. Garland, who said that a great many things which girls learn about they get from novels, and, therefore, the best novel ought to be true to common, everyday nature. “There is not so much loving and love-making in every-day life as poets suppose,” he said. “Man is too busy during the day to be thinking of love songs and ditties. Courtship remains just as sweet and entrancing as ever. People are beginning to dis countenance the tin-sword romances of the past and appreciate the actu alities of the present.” To William Dean Howells belongs the laurel wreath among American prose writers, according to Mr. Gar land. SAYS BOSTON WOMEN SWEAR. Miss Vining Shocked at Lax Manners in Eastern Society. In an interview in Boston Miss Vin ing, who is prominent in Massachu setts women’s clubs and as a suf fragist, said she had been severely shocked at seeing and hearing of the common use of intoxicants by Boston society women, and the use of pro fanity among the same class. She de clared she had seen young women not yet 18 drinking whisky cocktails before their lunch, and that swearing was becoming common among the younger women of the Hub. Long Record of Service. Edwin F. Hamlin has just celebrated his twenty-fifth anniversary as execu tive secretary at the Massachusetts state house. He has served under these governors: Alexander H. Rice (by whom he was appointed), Thomas Talbot, John D. Long, Benjamin F. Butler, George D. Robinson, Oliver Ames, John Q. A. Brackett, William E. Russell, Frederick T. Greenhalge, Roger Wolcott and W. Murray Crane. MAY BE TAMMANY LEADER. Ex-Mayor Grant of New York Is a Prominent Candidate. Hugh John Grant, who is promi nently mentioned for the leadership of Tammany, was born in New York city in 1855 and is a graduate of Co lumbia Law school. He began his political career as an alderman in 1883 and was defeated for the mayor- alty in 1884. From 1886 to 1888 he was sheriff, and he was mayor from 1888 to 1892. He had charge of Van Wycfc’s canvass in 1897 and for some time he has been more than a possi bility for the leadership of Tammany. He at present is abroad. The ODD CORNER After Reading Omar Khayyam. Where the far East ribbons the new flung day. Where the warm West flecks It with gold, Where the cold North hides In the ad amant Ice. And the South In the weird gray wold. A t the corners of earth. In the uttermost parts, In the sky and the innermost core. The psychic may search till his soul wear out. And, seeking, but question the more. But ever the world swings under the law. And ever the spirit looks upward with awe. No traveler hence turns hither again. Nor the lightning can sunder the veil: Not a sound comes out of the silence of night— On the sea not the sound of a sail— But deep In the heart of the savage and saint The same sweet hope Is stirred: In the listening ear of the spirit sense A still, small voice is heard. For never a being went under the sod But reckoned on seeing the face of his God. “To-morrow we die” Is the coward's ex cuse For the wanton abuse of to-day. The cup that Is given to wassail and wine Will never be finer than clay. The potter who fashioned the vessels at will Can gather the pieces at last. Transforming the evil, transfixing the good. From the wreck of a profligate past. For ever the mortal Is liker the mold. And ever the crucible betters the gold. —Clarence Ouslev In the Independent. Corncob Driven Into an Oak Tree. Remarkable and unique testimony to the force of the wind in great tor nadoes is conveyed in the accompa nying cut, showing a corncob driven a considerable distance into an oak tree during the recent fatal storm at Goliad, Texas. In this connection it may not be out of place to remind the readers of the Philadelphia Times that, sfter the Corncob Driven Into an Oak Tree. great tornado in St. Louis some years ago, a straw was found imbedded in a tree trunk in much the same way as here shown. The above sketch is re produced from the Houston, Texas. Daily Post of May 22.—Philadelphia Times. Marvelous Memories. , Many of the greatest men have had phenomenal memories. Caesar knew the names of thousands of soldiers in his legions. A modern man of sci ence often has a prodigious memory for special terminology. Prof. Asa Gray asserted that he could at once recall the names of something like 25,000 plants; Prof. Theodore GUI can do the same for fishes. The memory for mere words is much more exten sive than is generally admitted. The average child of two year old has a vocabulary of some 600 words, and its father may have the command of 20,000 more. The 10,000 verses of the Rig Veda have for 3,000 years been accurately preserved in the memories of the Brahmins. Not one Brahmin alone, but thousands, can to-day recite it word for word. Thousands of Mo hammedans likewise know the Koran by heart, as all learned Chinese know their classic books. The chiefs of Polynesia can, and do, repeat hun dreds of thousands of words in their genealogies—taking days, and even weeks, for the recitation. Hundreds of pianists can play all day, and many days, by memory, and Von Bulow can conduct Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony without a score. Chess players have a visualising memory, musicians have an auditive And a motor memory, while arithmetical prodigies may have any one of the three. Bombarded by Monkeys. The Norwegian steamer Donald, from Baines, with fruit, has arrived at Philadelphia. Captain Warneke told this remarkable tale: “We were about thirty miles from Watlins Islands, In the Caribbean sea. when we came upon a floating island. I, with the mate and several of the crew, rowed toward it. Thousands of little monkeys scampered all about the shore, and when we were in range they began a bombardment Tiy hurling cocoanuts at us. We captured two monkeys. “The following day we discovered another floating island, and landed. This time we were greeted with a covey of parrots of most brilliant plu mage.” Capt. Warneke declared that the eruption at Martinique had shaken up the entire district, and the small pieces of land had become separated from some uninhabited islands. After Eight Thousand Years. A number of ancient graves con taining human remains have just been discovered at Girga, in Upper Egypt. The graves containing the re mains are said to consist of a con tinuous series extending over an in terval of at least 8,000 years, which represent the most archaic of prehis toric • periods. The bodies are so well preserved, owing, doubtless, to the dryness of the atmosphere where they were interred and to the perfec tion of the interment, that not only can the hair, nails and ligaments be made out, but the muscles and nerves. In almost every case the brain is said to be preserved, and the climax has been readied in two examples where the eyes with lens in good conditi..i are present, and in others in which the muscles and nerves are still in tact. There are also now unearthed a series of later prehistoric graves ranging throughout the first fifteen dynasties, others of the eighteenth, and yet others of the Ptolemaic and early and recent Coptic periods. This vast “cemetery” has been excavated by Dr. Reisner for the University of California. The discovery is of great importance in that it will add to our knowledge of life on our planet at a period long before the earlist histori cal records. The Stone Woman of Wingen. In New South Wales, near Wingen, a singular natural curiosity is observ able. This is an object popularly known as the Stone Woman of Win gen. The spur of a mountain range, known as Salisbury Crag, terminates in a bold, bluff headland, about 700 feet above the level of the valley which it commands, the profile as suming the form of a gray stone woman of enormous dimensions sit ting with her back against the cliff, her head separated from the top and her feet hidden among the trees which grow up to the bottom of the cliff. On her knee there is resting an open book, which she is*not reading! but instead is. gazing forever with a steadfast, unchanging look down the beautiful valley of the Hunter. From where the feet of the stone rest among the towering that grow around the base of Salisbui*§ Crag to the summit of her head must be about 500 feet, sd that If she were to stand up straight some day she would be about 800 feet high. If the proper point of view be chosen the pose of the figure is perfect in its magnificent simplicity. Strange Marine Search. Little Julius Cohen was drowned twelve days ago at Coney Island creek and the body has been recovered In a most unusual manner. After the father had the creek dragged day after day, unsuccessfully, a sailor said: “Get a loaf of bread and cut the center out. Then fill the hole with quicksilver and put the bread in the water near where the boy was drow'ned. It will float until directly over the spot where the body lies and then sink." The loaf w r as prepared and placed on the water. It floated for half an hour, then settled in the water and suddenly shot under. The child’s body was found directly beneath the spot where the loaf sank. —New York Sun. Saved by Her Pompadour Rat. David Allen, a twelve-year-old boy of Braddock, Pa., threw a stone at a sparrow in the middle of the street The stone struck Joseph Bukoval, a young Hungarian, riding past on a bicycle. Joseph jumped off his wheel, started after Allen and fired one shot from a revolver at the lad as he dis appeared around the corner. The bul let went through a window and struck Mrs. Blaslus Cycozeski in the head and knocked her down. When she recovered consciousness she discov ered the ball doubled up against a nest of hairpins and a heavy “rat,” which supported an ornamental pom padour. The “rat” saved her life. Oldest Piece of Writing. The University of Pennsylvania re cently came into possession 01 what is regarded as the oldest piece of writ ing in the world. It is not a manu script, but a fragment of a vase, which was broken in the raid on the ancient city of Nippur. The inscrip tion is in picture writing and indi cates that the piece dates back to forty-five hundred years before the Christian era. Where Cows Wear Earrings. The cows in Belgium wear earrings. The law decrees that every cow when it has attained the age of three months must have in its ear a ring to which is attached a numbered metal tag.