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GOSSIP Reds to Subsidize Foreign Newspapers WASHINGTON. —Recent pro testations by The Russian government end Its Ameri can apologists, senatorial and otherwise, that Russia Is willing to abandon the spreading of anti-govern ment propaganda its foreign countries are contradicted by the communists themselves in two statements received In the United States, according to R. M. Whitney, director bf the Washing ton bureau of the American Defense society. “Recent news dispatches have re corded the fact that a small army of propagandists, having finished their course at the propaganda college main tained by the communist Internationale in Russia, is on its way to the United States,” said Mr. Whitney. “The Third Internationale has Just appropriated 5,000,000 rubles (gold), or the equivalent of $2,500,000, for the support of propaganda newspapers oustlde of Russia. This is the official statement of Lunacharsky, chairman of the section of bolshevist propaganda abroad. v “No less an authority than Tchlt cheriA makes this public also In an .official communication. This official’s figures show that the communist gov ernment Is maintaining 256 newspa papers outside of Russia for the dis Trading in Grain Futures at Chicago FURTHER restriction on the trad ing in grain futures on the Chi cago Board of Trade are recom mended in a report made public by the federal trade commission. The latest recommendations deal with speculation, competition and prices. The commission makes the following recommendations: That the Chicago Board of Trade be required to make public each day the total volume of futures operations tn each option of each grain for the pre ceding day, and also the total volume of open trades in each option of each grain in existence at the close of the preceding day. That all brokers, and all commis sion men, or officers, or large stock holders of companies doing a broker age or commission business In futures for customers, be prohibited from speculating lb grain futures fbr the!** own account. That the car delivery rule and the settlement rule for defaulted futures contracts on the Chicago Board of Trade should be interpreted and ap plied by an impartial person or tri bunal, because the rules Involve com plex questions of fact, and because the present practice involves the dis cretion of the board of directors and the president, who may be called upon to decide questions affecting their re spective interests or those of their cus tomers. Prehistoric Pottery From New Mexico FIGURES of men and animals and also the geometric designs on the prehistoric Indian pottery from the Mlmbres Valley, New Mexico, are unexcelled In any pottery from prehistoric North America, ac cording to Dr. J. Walter Fewkes, chief of the borean of American Ethnology, the author of a publication on this subject Just Issued by the Smithsonian Institution. The naturalistic figures reproduced In this pamphlet include human figures hunting, gambling, and engaged In various other occupations; many kinds of animals, reptiles, fishes, birds, Insects and composite animals. The geometric designs show many beautQful and striking) combinations of curved, rectangular and zig-zag ele ments, at times forming most intri cate patterns. Dr. Fewkes has studied the Mlmbres pottery at Intervals since 1914 through personal visits to the region and through examinations of collections made there by rations persons who placed them at his disposal. The Mlm bres Is t an Ideal locality for the de velopment of a distinctive pottery. The site where the Mlmbres culture orlg Rapid Growth of Local Indebtedness SOME striking facts regarding the growth of local Indebtedness In the United States have Just been nude public as the result of tax ation researches by the national Indus trial conference board. The board finds that public expendi tures sre not related to the amount received from taxation, because public bodies can spend far more than their Income by relying on the medium of public credit. Thus future generations will be weighed down by debts, the proceeds of which are being used for t construction of improvements that present generation Is enjoying and many of which will outlive their use fulness within the present generation. To dt« • few Instances, the Indebt edness of state and local government! In the state of Arisons has increased from *10,000,000 in IM2-191S to ap proximately *43,000,000 to 1021 and 1922; In California, tha oonded In debtedness of the atate haa Increased from *10,000,000 to *76.000,000, and th* entire Indebtedness of county gov ernments has Increased from *12,000,- 800 to *119,000,000. The bended Indebtedness of state and local subdivisions In tha stats of Ms be baa grown tan (0,000400 to ■ - semination of propaganda to promote i disloyalty In capitalist countries look - ing to the overthrow of the govem l ments by force and •violence.’ Four ► of these newspapers are In the United ■ States. j “These (figures do not include pri i vately owned papers which support l the communist movement and to which . the communists are giving their sup ■ port. A document entitled ‘Secret In > structlons to Commercial Representa tives of Russia In Foreign Countries,* ■ a copy of which has recently been ac ' quired by American government au ■ tborlties, says: “ ‘Efforts must be made to buy up i the press. Also efforts must be made I to win over the newspapers which will place themselves In the service of : communism.’ , “This entire document directs cora i merciaf representatives of Russia all j over the world to aid all pacifist raove l ments, to spread communism In armies i and navies, to Inspire In soldiers and l sailors hatred of their officers, to start strikes and aid strikers, to organize ‘workers troops’ who ‘must fight at tne bidding of the proletariat,’ to supply i workers with weapons, to encourage ‘the use of terror’ and constantly to continue the spreading of rumors of Impending wars.’’ That the Chicago Board of Trade be required to permit the delivery of grain on futures contracts at other Important markets than Chicago un der proper safeguards and equitable terms, whenever necessary In order to prevent a squeeze or corner in the Chicago market. Finally, the commission reiterates a recommendation that the railroads might be encouraged to furnish, or the state or federal government might as sume the duty of furnishing adequate storage elevator capacity at conven ient market points, especially at Chi cago, free from control or operation by any grain dealer, broker or com mission house. In order to remove the artificial conditions frequently occur ring there. It is also recommended such storage charges and other conditions that the able to store grain in competition with elevator merchandisers while, by means of negotiable warehouse re ceipts obtained for such grain, the farmer would be aided In borrowing money to finance his crop. "The report contains quotations from letters written by grain merchants and from statements made at public hear ings, giving their opinions of the ef fect which speculation on the Chicago Board of Trade had upon grain prices during the period of rapidly declining prices which began In 1920. inated Is a plateau shut ofT from other drainage areas on both the east and the west by high ranges and moun tains. Tills plateau extends across the border Into Mexico, so that naturally the Mlmbres pottery differs very little from that of the pueblo areas. The various collections include flood bowls, effigy vases, jars, ladles and dippers of all kinds. The predominant design on the pot tery is that showing food animals, i such as deer, antelope, turkeys, rab bits, and the like, frt>m which Dr. , Fewkes concludes that animal food . formed a considerable part of the diet of the ancient Mirabrenos, although i there Is evidence that they were also agriculturists and fishermen. The de signs were painted on the Inside sur face of clay bowls, the colors of i which are white, red, browu or black. The majority of the bowls pictured In the pamphlet were mortuary bowls; i that Is, they were buried with the ' dead under floors of the houses. Nearly all of the bowls thus burled are “killed,” or punctured, and usually are found beside the skeleton with w’hlch they were burled. $55,000,000; that of county, cities, and towns in North Carolina from $23,- 000,000 to $125,000,000; In Ohio the debts of local subdivisions have grown from $250,000,000 in 1912-1913 to $679.- 000,000 In 1921-1022. In the calendar year 1022, bonds sold by stntes and municipalities in the United States aggregated $1,102,- 000,000 compared with $1,200,000,000 in 1921, $683,000,000 In 1920 to $602,- 000,000 In 1919. In the fiscal year 1912-1913 the total gross bonded Indebtedness of state and local governments amounted to $8,800,000,000. Since that year to date there have been added about $6,600,- of long term securities and $3,960,000,000 of short term securities. Home municipalities have utilized methods more becoming to fly-by-nlght enterprises than to governmental bod ies that should serve ns models of conduct to private Industry. There are cases where bondf have been la sued to pay current expenses, con trary to specific state laws, where legal debt limits have been exceeded, and where valuations have been con siderably boosted s ao as to keep mu nicipal bond issue* within the legal debt Unit. V . DAIRY Age of Breeding Heifer Is Problem for Farmer It is said that If you leave a heifer too long before breeding, that she will never be as good a producer of milk as she would have been. She will have formed the habit, it Is claimed, of using her surplus feed and energy towards the production of body fat. It will take several years to overcome the habit and the necessury loss is considerable. On the other hand if the heifer, or any other animal. Is bred too young trouble of various sorts Is liable to follow. The growth of the animal may be stopped, prematurely, leaving an undersized individual, or the actual breeding capacity or fecundity muy be affected. If, however, breeding Is no* com menced so early as to be unsafe, it Is the more profitable method. It will reduce the cost of maintenance, ow ing to the shorter length of time the animal need be kept, non-productlvely. In all classes of stock the same prob lem exists. There is a real question In the minds of breeders ns to whether It Is ever profitable to breed sows to far row before they are twelve months old, to breed mares to foal at three years of agef to breed ewes to lamb at so young an age ns thirteen to four teen months of age. The breeder has observed that sometimes animals bred at ages so young as those named will suffer In their development or the off spring may not be normal. On the other hand, if breeding operations can be begun at these ages the breeding life of the animals will be prolonged, the number of offspring from each female will be increased, and. other things being equal, the profitableness of breeding operations will be greater. What evils are likely to follow such early breeding practice? It is appar ent that if evils do follow they are to be observed chiefly in one of the fol lowing: 1. the growth of the young dam may be retarded and her ultimate size diminished. 2. The vigor and thrift of the offspring may be below that of the offspring of more mature animals. 3. A possible decrease in the size of the race or breed. 4. Loss of fecundity and danger to the dam at time of giv ing birth. All domestic animals are, of course, bred before they have attained full maturity. They are atlll growing. They are rarely bred at the beginning of puberty since under average farm conditions the breeder has discovered that auch early matings are neither safe nor profitable. There is reason to believe that there Is a right and wrong age at which to first breed, but no definite rules seem to be available. Selecting Herd Bull to Improve Weakest Points In the selection of a herd bull, the chief factors to be considered are the kinds of families in the herd, and the size, character, natural fleshing, quality, and evenness of conformation of the bull, according to Dr. C. W. McCampbell, head of the animal hus bandry department, Kansas State Agricultural college. “The study of the females of the herd should receive the most careful consideration,” Doctor McCampbell added. "By a careful study of the females In the herd, a bull can be se lected that will improve the weakest points In the herd, as well as add to Its general Improvement. “Since there is a constant tendency for animals to revert to their smaller ancestry, one of the most economical means of maintaining a profitable size In our market cattle Is by the use of big, rugged bulls. “One of the most important con siderations Is character, as it Is an evidence of on ability to reproduce the good qualities which the bull him self possesses. It Is -Indicated by evi dence of masculinity especially In the head and neck of a bull and by the vigor and style which he manifests. “As meat is the ultimate purpose of cattle production, the amount of meat an animal carries, or the natural fleshlug of the bull, should receive very close consideration. “Quality Is of value because of the fact that animals possessing it will require less feed to produce a given amount of gain and sell for higher prices when marketed than animals that do not possess quality. It Is In dicated by a soft cost of hair, a soft pliable hide, and general smoothness of conformation. “The most profitable type of animal for the feed lot Is one with an even ness of conformation, straight lines, broad back, deep middle, square ends, and closeness to the ground, and to produce this profitable kind of cattle ft Is quite essential that a bull of sim ilar type be selected.” Profitable Producers Come From Good Bulls Good cor/s do not often Just happen. They are the product of mating good sires and good dams. “Like begets like, or the likeness thereof.” Scrubs bred to scrubs can produce only scrubs. But a good pure bred bull when bred to ordinary cows or even to scrubs will produce animals that are profitable producers. If you already hare good cows, you will bo going backward If you do not also bavo a vary gooo bull. THE COSTILLA COUNTY DEMOCRAT. Daddy's Evening Fairy Tale by MARY GRAHAM BONNER LARRY’S LABOR DAY Larry, to be sure, wasn’t so very old. Neither was he so very young. No one knew that better than Larry. He was very far from being a baby. Once some one hud called him a baby. It had been very hard to keep from tears. But tears were so like a baby. So he had kept back his tears but he had felt very angry, indeed. Lnrry was all 0 f five years old. And a fine, straight, sturdy boy he was. He could do so many things and he wasn’t afraid of anything. Not of a single thing. To be sure, there were some things he wouldn’t have cased to meet so as to prove that he was not afraid of them, for there were some things and some creatures no one wanted to meet face to fac^ He had no deidte to have a hand shaking acquaintance, or paw-shaking acquaintance, as perhaps it should be called, with a lion, for example, and even less so with a tiger or a leopard or a wildcat But then, no one wanted anything of that sort, and would only be con sidered foolish to want such an ac quaintanceship. He wouldn’t have cared to have been caught far from home in a bad thunder and lightning storm, but tlien that wasn’t being cowardly. But apart from all this Larry was a fearless boy. Only a holiday was coming along—on the very next Mon day—and Larry knew the holiday was not his at all. He rather wanted to feel the holidays were all partly hi*. Of course they were to be shared by lots and lot* of others, but he, too, wanted bis own particular littl* share. There was Lincoln’s birthday and there was Washington’s birthday— and the Fourth jjf July and Thanks giving day, and all of these Larry felt a share in, for was he not an American boy? And does not every American boy feel a share in these holidays? Christmas day—of course he felt a part of Christmas day and a big share In the day Itself—Just as all boys and girls feel that they belong to that most wonderful of all days. But the coming holiday—it was not Larry’s. Nor hi it anything to do whth , Larry- thought,, of that bothered him. lie wished somehow It could be different. He had asked his father what Labor day meant and his father had told him that it was t holiday set apart as a day of recognition to the laboring class. He had not quite understood whnt that meait but his father had “He Showed Them a Tiny Garden." explained that it meant a day set aside in honor of there being such a class as a laboring class, showing that to belong to the laboring class was something dignified and to be re spected. Larry knew then that It was use less for him to have a share lu this holiday—a retl, real share In It at least. But then a happy thought came to him. For the next few days Lnrry was very, wry busy. Everyone thought he vis busily playing and making mud pies and such, but not at aU. And on the morning of Labor day they knew what Larry had been do ing. He led his father and his moth er and his grownup sister and his fourteen-year-old brother to the very far corner of the garden which had always been set aside as Larry’s mud pie playground. There he showed them a tiny gar den set out with paths and borders of pretty pebbles. Growing In the garden were ferns which Larry had transplated from the woods and a tiny red geranium stood proudly in a little bed by itself, it had come from Lar ry's nursery flower pot. “You see,* he said, “I wanted to have a holiday today—l mean I wast ed to have a right to the holiday as daddy talked about laborers having, so I’ve labor-ed, too.” It waa rather a hard word to say but he managed It well. “And now,” he turned to his fam ily, “don’t you think I can have a life* He share in Labor day, too— a real little sharer And his family said, “Yea,” and I think you’ll agree with them, tool TONGUE TWISTERS Leo lost Lurie's last lesson.’ - • • • Clarice can cook canned corn. • • • Ora offered Oliver one orange. Sleeveless Gowns Welcomed Fashion Comfort Is the Chief Attraction; Graceful Shoulder Lines Nobody knows how It happened, but this season sleeves have refused to take any part in the cast-off garments designed for afternoon wear, declares a fashion writer in the Detroit News. Heretofore they have starred as a fea ture in most of the modish gowns and true as the old adage that “a man 13 known by the company he keeps,” so the up-to-dateness of a gown was guuged by the sleeve it attached. Then, having been the one distinguishing note, with every whim for the unusual humored to nth degree, sleeves sud denly repudiated old associates and retired from the frock entirely. So the modern afternoon gown bil lows, clings or trails, as the case may be, but altogether innocent zi any thing that could be construed as a sleeve, und accepts the abbreviation quite as a matter of course. No gown that has been deserted by a pair of sleeves is going to display any chagrin over the matter, and there really isn’t any reuson to take it much to heart, foiythe long, graceful shoul der line* that supplant the erstwhile sleeve have - a charm all their own. Add to this the comfort of a sleeveless gown on a torrid afternoon and Fash ion can snap her fingers in the face of the sleeve und care not a Jot for its retirement. So the fact is established that for afternoon wear, gowns are without sleeves. Looking back on the models of the past year discovers a hint of what has come about In the shorter and shorter lengths, the open shoulder seam and other innovations that have paved the way for complete disappear ance of what was once considered a very essential part of the afternoon frock. But while the sleeve has been eliminated, skirts have been elongated, so there is no economy of material to be discovered in the new modes that confront femininity. Lovely and Graceful. Boldly stated, a gown for afternoon devoid of sleeves sounds rather shock lng. But no matter how it sounds tc talk nbout it, to observe it is to lost every scruple the vocal proclamation has conjured. Sleeveless gowns are lovely and graceful, and Ingratiating, appearing us casual, u« perfectly cor rect, as anything in the way of a frock could posgibly bo. Every kind of soft, clinging fabric is used In the fashioning of these gowns. Voiles in Innumerable subtle tints, combined with delicate laces, are the very essence of summer at her happiest. Often a yoke of embroid ered material edged with frills of filmy lace, followsnhe round neck line and drops Just a wee bit over the upper arm at the shoulder. Not so that it can be classed as a sleeve, oh, no I To call it a sleeve would be a fatal mistake and quite beyond the •cope of the most healthy imagination. Very Beautiful Black Dinner Gown In Satin, Satin Back Moira with Hem of Marines and Vary Simply Trimmed With Blue Flowere at Waistline. Earrings of Pearl WUh Pearl and Sapphire Bracelet. If there must be something on the arm In lieu of a sleeve, let It be bracelets, or a bracelet. Either Is correct, for the band may l>e a broad affair of platinum or silver set with precious stones, or there may be any number of very narrow silver and Jet bands loosely circling the arm. Nor Is the field of sleeveless gowns constricted to the afternoon function. They are seen on the street, and In nifty little frocks for sports wear. In fact, It Isn't half so much the occasion, as the arm, that regulates the wearing of the sleeveless gown, for the good looking arm has a chance to show Its points of beauty on nearly all occa sions—while, naturally the arm less attractive isn’t so generally inclined to display. Chlffoi Popular. Delightfully graceful and cobl-look lng are the chiffon models over slips of silk, the chiffon overdress trimmed in self material with cascading band 9 down the side. One particularly beau tiful gown of this kind In delicate yet vivid blue lias for its only trimming a beaded girdle at the low waistline, the beads of the snme color combined with crystal and iridescent hues. It was the one touch of brightness that finished the gown. Batik silks, designed for sport* wear, are combined with plain silk of matching shude, sans sleeves, of course, the long batik overblouse plainly banded und caught loosely at the hip in a few straight gathers. The skirt, following the design of the blouse, has the plain band at the bot tom and up the sides, bordering a Most Attractive of All Summer Clothe* Are the Evening Gown* Construct ed of the Softest Chiffons. Thi* On* Is Created in Orchid and Green. With Embroidery and Ribbon in * Similar Combination. panel of the batik silk. In this gown the plain band drops low on the shoul der, covering the extreme upper part of the arm. But sleeves —there are none. Plain faille silk Is banded with plain material in contrasting color, the fastening at the girdle carrying the Greek key design, and over the left hip ribbon, tied In a careless bow. Ex tremely simple is this frock, yet It ex presses style In Its every line. Here the shoulder seam is long, forming a little cap at the top of the arm. Work for Vacation Days. Vacation days need not necessarily be Idle days. Many a woman prefers to have some bit of sewing or knit ting to occupy her fingers during those afternoons when the porch seems the only livable spot There are many smart accessories now, easily mude, that not only fur bish up the summer frocks und give style to the organdies or crepes that ore losing their freshness, but also afford pleasant summer pastime. Fancy bandeaux hair, com posed of ribbon, flowers and perky bows require only a few stitches and they are ever so attractive. The craze for bracelets hus revived the old fashion of black velvet bands for the wrist above the elbow with trimmings of fancy buckles or clusters of flowers. One New York debutante has popu larized the fad of wearing au Inch wide velvet band tightly about each wrist, fustened with a pink satin rose. She wears these with sleeveless frocks and the effect Is charming. Another fnd Is for corsages, worn directly In the front, made of cascades of flowers and colored ribbons, almost resembling the bridal shower bouquet. The matching Jacket and hat of gay cretonne Is a very smart accessory to any costume, and If one makes the coat sleeveless, the question of fit is greatly modified. Hand-painted kata are very smart and easy to make. Simply bug a white or colored felt and. with a small water color brush and a. little oil paint or dye, transpose thereon your favors lte flowers. If you prefer conventional designs, stick to angles and lines. To show your interest in the recent Egyp tian excavations, you can copy an Egyptian motif. If you are afraid of your freehand efforts, stencils will make the work much simpler. You can make your stencils or buy them. Slipper buckles are made of lace and ribbon arranged rosette fashion about clusters of flowers or buckles set with brilliants. Beaded stockings are qulta a fad and are easily made. Steal beads are very effective as wall at i colors to match th* frocks. | SWAMP-ROOT FOR KIDNEY AILMENTS There is only one medicine that reaJly . ■tends out pre-eminent as * medicine for curable ailmeate of the kidneys, liver and bladder. , , Dr. Kilmer’. Swamp-Root stand* the highest for the reason that it has provtm to be just the remedy needed in thousands upon thousands of distressing cases. Swamp-Root makes fnends quicUy be cause its mild and immediate effect is soon realized in moat cases. It is a gen tle, healing eegetable compound. Start treatment at once. Sold at all drug stores in bottles of two sizes, medium However, if you wish first to test thi* great preparation send ten cent* to Dr. Kilmer A Co., Binghamton, N. Y., for a sample bottle. When writing be sura and mention this paper.— Adyertisement. DEALT WITH MORTAL LIFE There Are Ghosts in Shakespeare’* Papes, but Subject Was Not Hi* Province. It is sometimes said that Shnkes penre tenches little or nothing con cerning life after death. The reply Is that this was not his province. His genius was to paint the life of this world ns he saw it. Mrs. Leo Grlndon, who is a considerable authority on the bard and his works, maintains, nevertheless, that our greatest poet knew n great deal about spirits, and In n recent series of articles entitled “Shakespenre’s Ghosts,” she gives much Information In support of her view. Taking “Cymbeline,” she shows some striking parallels between the “supernatural” element In that play and the facts of modern spiritualism. From “The Winter’s Tale” she selects the trance of Hermione and her ap pearance (In the etherlc body) to Antigonus while at sea. “Hamlet” naturally Is fertile in illustrations both as regards the action of the play and the text. New Idea. She happened to love her husband even though she had been wedded to him for some time. She kept con stantly realizing that In this respect she was supposed to be both/unusual and sentimental —and envied. She engaged a cook not long ago and gave n list of standard rules. She forgot to tell her that If anything ran low on n night when guests came to dinner, above all the husband must not suffer—he must have the best of everything at all -times. After a din ner party she realized that her hus band bad not been served the best and choicest portions. So she told the cook this most Important rule. “All right, ma’aiL,” the cook agreed, “btft bow did you think I was to know such a thing? Su’v, I've been workln’ now for forty years, and you’re the first who ever told me a husband must have the best.”—New York Sun. Oh, Well. “The old-fashioned girl used to make n man give up cigarettes.*’ “Well?" “Now she Joins him.” THOUGHT BACK WOULD BREAK Nothing Helped until She Began Taking Lydia E. Pink ham’s Vegetable Compound "When my baby waa born, "stye Mra. Poaluazpy, 106 High Street, Bay City, Michigan, “I got up too soon. It made me so sick that 1 waa tired of living and the weakness run me down something aw ful 1 could not get up out of bed morn ings on account of my back; I thought it would break in two, and if I started to do any work I would have to lie down. I do not believe that any woman everßuffered worse than I did. I spent lota of money, but nothing helped me until I began to take Lydia E. Pinkham'a Vegetable Compound. I felt • whole lot better after the first bottle, and I am still tak ing H for I am aura it ia what has put me on my feet," If you are suffering from a displace ment, Irregular! ties, backache, nervous ness, aide ache or any other form of fe male weaknea you should write to The Lydia E. Pink ham Medicine Co., Lynn, Ifaaaachuaetta for Lydia E. Pinkham'a Private Text-Book upon ‘ ‘Ailments Pe culiar to Women." It will be tent you free upon request. This book contain! valuable information. Cuticura Soap The Velvet Touch For the Skin *«» m. Otamet S ml Mt, Talc lie. FRECKLES Now b the Tim. to Gat Rid of These UlkV ,h - -uefaiM m ot —doubl* otronfth—U gavonUod to ranov# tb*H homoly rpotm. ** . ouno# of Othln# from any iTSte: “4 • Mtu# of It nlvht and r°® ahonld Boon *«« that ovan hav * k#sun to disappear* •TMiw bar# vulihtd en ***** mor* than an •? neod#a to oomplotoly oloar th# ■kin and gain a baautiful. oloar oomplnfon. }?. “k for th# doobl#-#tr#ngtb Othln*, a# thl# 1# sold nndar soarant## of mon#y f>ack If U fall# to rmon fr#okl—. W. N. U., DENVER, NO. 34-1925.