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One of the most unfortunate phases of specialization in modern industry is the one of the initiative faculty. There are millions of people in this country who never really think, never act on their own responsibility. They do not have to. They are simply cogs hi Vast machines. They follow the pattern marked out for them. They never try to make one. Tobacco tops the gift list with men in the service. They’ve said so themselves in survey after sur vey. A gift of a carton of cigarettes or a tin of smoking tobacco is al ways welcome, and more than wel come the week before pay day. Actual sales records from service stores show the favorite cigarette with men in the Army, the Navy, the Marines, and the Coast Guard is Camel. Prince Albert Smoking Tobacco is another popular favo rite. With these sales figures and preferences in mind, local dealers have been featuring Camels by the carton and Prince Albert in the big pound tin as gifts preferred by men in the service from the folks back home.—Adv. FAMOUS ALL-BRAN MUFFINS. EASY TO MAKE. DELICIOUS! They really are the most delicious muf fins that ever melted a pat of butter! Made with crisp, toasted shreds of KELLOGG S ALL-BRAN, they have a texture and flavor that have made them famous all over America. KELLOGG'S ALL-BRAN MUFFINS 2 tablespoons % cup milk shortening 1 cup flour J 4 cup sugar % teaspoon salt 1 egg 2% teaspoons lcup All-Bran baking powder Cream shortening and sugar; add egg and beat well. Stir In All-Bran and milk; let’soak until most of moisture Is taken up. Sift flour with salt and baking powder: add to first mixture and stir only until flour disappears. Fill greased muffin pans two-thirds full and bake in moderately hot oven (400°F.) about 30 minutes. Yield: 6 large muf fins, 3 Inches In diameter, or 12 small muffins, 2y 4 Inches in diameter. Try these delicious muffins for din ner tonight or for tomorrow morning's breakfast. They're not only good to eat; they’re mighty good for you as well. For several of these muffins will add materially to your dally supply of what physicians call “bulk” In the diet, and thus help combat the common kind of constipation that is due to lack of this dietary essential. Eat ALL-BRAN every day (either as a cereal or In muffins), drink plenty of water, and see If you don’t forget all about constipation due to lack of "bulk." ALL-BRAN is mado by Kellogg's In Battle Creek. Need of Enthusiasm Nothing great was ever achieved without enthusiasm.—Emerson. rNervous ktliss-, la I VIA f Cranky? Restless? |l|l IX » Can’t sleep? Tire Ull Iw ■ easily? Because of distress of monthly functional disturbances? Then try Lydia E. Plnkham's Vegetable Com pound. Pinkham's Compound is famous for relieving pain of Irregular periods and cranky nervousness due to such disturbances. One of the most effec tive medicines you can buy today for this purpose made especially for women. WORTH TRYING! Once Begun— Dignity increases more easily than it begins.—Seneca. WNU—M 36^41 Q WHAT “/MAWNS" T TOBACCO STAYS PUT, ROUS FASTER / SMOKES MILDER ? ■'PRINCE ALBERT FOR AIIIDNESS; | B RICH TASTE. P.A. BURNS A Rb. comer! it's the mst- 4js W ROUING, EASY-FORMING 1 im 'will fi np roll-your |B EnR, own cigarettes IV SHI In every handy ■Bn pocket tin of HvBSvHl ** r,nce Albert I R.J.ntrnoV'Tob rv | V/inn tun Sa.aui. N.C. flwzmer THE NATIONAL JOY SMOKE WEEKLY MEWS ANALYSIS British-Russian Forces Invade Iran In Drive to Foil Alleged Nazi Coup; Navy Takes Over Shipbuilding Plant; Fierce Battle Marks Russo -Nazi War (EDITOR’S NOTE—When opinions are expressed In these columns, they are those of the news analyst and not necessarily of this newspaper.) ißplnasori by Western Newspaper Union.) COLOGNE, GERMANY.—This picture gives a dramatic view of a recent sensational daylight air raid by the British Royal Air force on a huge power station in the vicinity of Cologne. The bombers flew at a height of less than 100 feet at times. Much of the smoke was caused by air raid missiles and many direct hits were scored. The planes then swept lower still to get photographs like this. PRODUCE: Or Else While President Roosevelt struck out at critics who said that produc tion was lagging, quoting chapter and verse, also war department fig ures to show Senator Byrd of Vir* ginia that he had been misinformed, he also put the Kearny, N. J., ship yard back into production by order ing the navy to take over the plant. Secretary Knox sent one of his admirals to take charge, and his tory, made when the army took over the North American Aviation plant, was repeated. Yet there was said to be a differ ence in this latest plant seizure, in that the navy would not plan to re linquish it to the private owners after putting it in operation, but continue to operate it as a navy yard. Thus the eventuality oddly enough sought by men and employer as well in this instance, was brought into being, an eventuality which the state authorities of New Jersey sought vainly and bitterly to pre vent. Sixteen thousand workers were af fected, and the work on two cruis ers, one almost ready for launch ing, six destroyers, three tankers and two freighters was halted, con tracts adding up to $493,000,000, and awarded by the navy and the mari time commission. The union was the International Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of the C. 1.0. IRAN: And Britain The British demand on Iran that she expel all Nazi agents from her borders, and the Iranian refusal to obey, turned eyes again to the Middle East and Near East, and showed that Britain, conquerors of Syria with the aid of the Free French, realized the need of strengthening the position of her forces in that part of the world. Few doubted the ability of the British, with the possible aid of the Russians, to take over little Persia, and present to the Nazis coming down from the Ukraine, or wishing to, a firmer front. It also would ex tend the common frontier with Tur key, and allow Ankara to have an excuse for maintaining a stronger pro-British neutrality, Iran’s fears were realized when British troops under the command of Gen. Archibald Wavell crossed into southern Iran and at the same time Soviet Russian forces moved into northern Iran from the Cauca sis. There was resistance encoun tered, according to the early reports from the fighting fronts. London sources indicated that the move ment into Iran came to foil a Nazi coup. The move was seen as a di rect action to the refusal of the Iran to give a satisfactory reply to the British and Russian request that Germans be expelled from the country. Iran was powerless militarily, though with an army technically measured at 120,000, to halt a British invasion in similar force to that which moved in on well-defended Syria, but she was in an important position geographically for Britain's Middle Eastern defense, believed one of the next tactical moves of the war, as the weather in northern Russia was about to tighten into win ter temperatures and snows. TRIPOLI: The lengthening range of R.A.F. bombers was bringing the harbor of Tripoli, chief Mediterranean base for Nazi-Fascist operations in North Africa, more easily within reach. Ports of the character of Tripoli being rare in northern Africa, the latest of these bombings, during which 25 tons of explosive were dropped, were said to show that the British are putting into effect a plan they believe utterly necessary—the preparation for the switching of a major Nazi offensive to Africa. By Edward C. Wayne JAPAN: ‘Not So Wide? The statement by Ambassador Nomura of Japan in Washington that the bridge between Japanese and American policy was not so wide that it could not be spanned was viewed as perhaps a sign of the weakening of Nippon. It was recognized in both Britain and the United States that the far eastern menace of Japan was large ly a war of nerves and a battle of bluff. The Indo-China move both these nations could laugh off as a good joke provided it did not develop into one of two things—an invasion of Thailand, or a move against the Burma road. Either of these eventualities, it was understood, could reasonably set fire to the powder magazine in | the East, yet Japan made no such j move, only issuing statements which were more and more bitter. Now Nomura was saying, after a 20- minute conference with Secretary Hull: “He outlined the position of your government. I outlined the position of mine. No conclusions were reached. “I believe the gap between the two can be bridged. It would be folly to do otherwise. I have a very strong conviction that it will be done, but I don’t just know how.” And that, at least the “folly” part of it, was exactly what America and “l >v no LAUV.IIJI Wild l UIIU Britain had been preaching to Japan for weeks, since the start of the move into Indo-China. It offered room for hope that Japan might yet decline to be the Axis tool. DEFENSE: Of Leningrad The defense of Leningrad, which apparently was to be undertaken by the Russians despite the belief of most observers that a military in volvement of the city could only end in its total destruction, drew the eyes of the world, heralded by the dramatic announcements of Soviet leaders preparing everyone for the imminence of battle. There was only one way to read this situation, and that was to under stand that the Russian army re sistance on the Finnish front and against the pincers attack from Lat via and the south was crumbling, that the soldiers were fighting rear guard actions and falling back on the Soviet’s second city, and that the civilian population was being armed to fight it out. Such a battle had been fought only once before in recent world history, and that was in Warsaw, and the pages of that battle were filled with stories of the glorious heroism of the defenders, and of the ruthless destruction of the city and thousands of its inhabitants in the course of the battle. The story was to be even more bitter and terrible in Leningrad, not only, believed most observers, be cause of its greater size and popu lation, but because of the fact that the German invaders undoubtedly were not so "hot" as they were be fore Warsaw, and the Leningrad ers were better prepared. It seemed that the army retreat ing toward Leningrad was not, like the ill-fated Polish army, a rabble in a rout, but an orderly group whose losses might have been heavy, but which was moving backward slowly. In fact, as the northern forces under Voroshilov himself, were fall ing back, the Russian communiques told of encounters in the Smolensk area, although they had admitted the loss of the city days before, and some thought this might mean that the Reds were driving the Nazis back in the center. On the southern front the Ger mans were consolidating their gains and the battle of Odessa, sort of a foretaste of the battle-to-be at Len ingrad, was admitted by the Ger mans to have been a hand-to-hand encounter of the bitterest sort. THE COSTTT r » DEMOCRAT Country Invaded This is Shah Riza Pahl ' avi, 63-yaar-old ruler of Iran. whose country has been invaded by British and Russian troops. These countries moved in. they say, to prevent Germany Irons taking over the country. Also. Iran has rich oilfields that would prove of immense benefit to the Nazi war machine- UNREST: Growing in Europe The picture of the growing unrest in Nazi-conquered Europe continued to be sketched in, with the reports ranging from the outbreaks in Vichy and Paris to the article written for the American Mercury by Otto Strasser, the “Black Front’’ lead er, who declared there was more than a possibility of revolution with in Germany during the coming win ter. Dramatic was the broadcast picked up from England in French to the people of France in which the British urged the saboteurs and re volters to hold back their chief re volt until a signal from Britain, and then to come out in force against the Nazis. Their cue at present, the broad cast stated, was to continue to ha rass the war machine in small, se cret ways, not in open, widespread revolt. Yet the report was that the revolts were continuing, that Petain had set up courts-martial for saboteurs, and that opposition elements were being arrested by the thousands by Nazi soldiers and a corps of 16,000 French police. Lieut. Gen. Von Schamburg, Paris commander, having taken thousands of civilian* into Justody as hostages, ordered that t# prisoners be shot in numbers b correspond with the gravity of aiy offenses against the Nazi invaders. Petain’s courts-martial were in vested with the right to give the death penalty, and the order was that such sentences be carried out immediately and without appeal rights for the prisoner involved. Observers held that the severity of these measures was the true mark of the seriousness of the revolt. The Vichy courts were continuing to con vict and sentence to death DeGaul lists, although they were still at lib erty, and fighting on one front or another. GASOLINE: Rations Most stations in the East were be ginning to ration their gasoline cus tomers in odd sorts of ways, so that the driver who wanted gasoline bad ly enough could get it, if only at the rate of five gallons here and five more there. But New York surveyors of the field reported that even the 7 p. m. to 7 a. m. curfew was working pret ty well, with 109 key stations re porting a 19.4 per cent reductio/i in sales. The second method was also cut ting sales, though how much re mained a mystery. It was believed probable that the better method would be to enlist the co-operation of the bigger users of gasoline, such as the delivery truckers, bus opera tors, etc., and also to force some political jobholders to stop using their state and city-owned cars for pleasure driving. KENT: A Junket The duke of Kent, the king of England’s younger brother, having flown the Atlantic, having flown from coast to coast over Canada, in specting war work and training in the dominion, dropped in on Presi dent Roosevelt at Hyde Park, and then made a rapid trip over Ameri can defense centers. His schedule brought him to New York, Hyde Park, Norfolk, Va., Washington, D. c., and Baltimore, Md., within a few days, and he re ported himself vastly impressed with what he saw. In the latter city, assembled and nearly ready for its test was a navy bomber so big that it made flying fortresses look like tugboats along side an ocean liner. Just as a pursuit ship could nes tle under the wing of a medium two motored bomber, the latter could sail under th o ' w j n g of this nev/ monster of the air, with a wing sprend about a block long, nnd nr. ability to fly when and where it pleased, perhaps to fight its way successfully through a squadron of enemy fighters and come through still Hying. FIRST-AID to the AILING HOUSE By ROGER B. WHITMAN (© Roger B. Whitman —WNU Service.) Painting Ceilings QUESTION: What is the best method for painting the ceiling of my house? It is a very high par lor floor ceiling in one of the old fashioned brown-stone houses. I am now removing the old calcimine. Would it be better to give this ceiling a prime coat of shellac as a sealer, or a coat of aluminum; to be fol lowed by two coats of flat white? Would you advise two coats of flat paint or a semi-gloss paint? What is the best material to use for filling in cracks and crevices in plaster? Answer: Shellac or aluminum as a sealer are not necessary. Follow the manufacturer’s directions on the can of the particular paint that you are using. Directions will be given as to the proper thinning of the paint for a prime coat. A flat white paint is preferred for ceilings in a home. To fill cracks of any size use a prepared patching plaster, which is sold in most paint stores. Small cracks can be filled with white lead paste thinned with turpentine to a fairly thin paste. Old Iron Sink Question: What kind of paint can I use on an old iron sink so that it will be rust-proof, and will look a little like what it is not; just an old iron sink? Answer: Unfortunately, there is no kind of paint or similar finish that will stand the effects of hot wa ter and soap. The only treatment for an iron sink is to take off all traces of rust and discoloration to the bright metal, using sand, steel wool and kerosene. When the sink is once cleaned, it should be wiped dry every time it is used, and im mediately wiped with an oily cloth. All of this calls for a great deal of effort, and it would be much more practical to substitute an enameled sink for the iron one. Plumbers and dealers in second-hand building ma terials should be able to supply a used sink at no great cost. Knife Handles Question: How can I refinish the wooden handles of kitchen knives, after the varnish has worn off? Answer: Wash them in a strong solution of trisodium phosphate or washing soda; about a cupful to a quart of hot water. This solution re moves paint also, so you should be careful not to splash it on painted surfaces. Rinse the handles in plen ty of clear water; then let them dry thoroughly. Rub down with fine sandpaper until the wood is smooth, wipe with benzine, being extremely careful of fire. Finally, coat the handles with a good quality, quick drying varnish. (It should be borne in mind that knife handles are not supposed to be dunked in the dish pan. Oil Burner Selection Question: Two correspondents ask me to say which is the best of sev eral oil burners they are consider ing. The value of an oil burner to the owner is not in the burner it self, but first in the skill with which it is installed; secondly, in the con tinued interest of the installer after the burner has been paid for. In these days all oil burners of good make will burn well, and if properly installed, will do a good job of heat ing. Satisfaction, however, depends on the installer. Get from each com pany a list of the local people using their burners; inquire of each one his opinion of the installer as to in tegrity, permanence in business and general reliability. Pick the install er who has the best reputation. Preventing Condensation Question: During the summer my cellar is damp from condensation. How can I keep it dry? I wish to set up a moving picture studio there and moisture would ruin the equip ment. Answer: Condensation is due to the contact of warm and damp air with the cool masonry of the walls. One remedy is to sheathe the ma sonry with insulating board, plaster on lath, or something else that will prevent air from coming into contact with it, and that will be warmer than the masonry. If you have a chimney flue that is not connected, open it to the cellar to provide con tinuous ventilation. Broken Marble Top Question: The marble top of an old bureau has been broken. How can I mend it? Answer: The marble top of your bureau is so thin that no cement will hold. To repair the break, the mar ble must be supported from under neath. To do this, fit a piece of ply wood or plasterboard inside the frame of the bureau and at such a height that the marble top will just rest on it. Cover the plywood or plc.sterbourd with casein glue and work this glue into the two parts of the break. After hardening this should make a solid joint. You can get casein glue at a hardware store. Keep Smiling One Too Many Young Alec was watching a house painter at work. Presently he asked: “How many coats of paint do you give a door?” “Two, my boy,” was the reply. “Then if you give it three coats,” said the lad brightly, “it would be an over-coat?” “No, my lad,” retorted the painter grimly, “it would be a waste coat.” The big difference between hu man and vegetable life is that in vegetation the sap rises. Circulating He—The bank has returned that cheek of your father's. She — Isn't that fine? What can we buy with it next? Her Secret “Why do they always call Na ture ‘she’?” “Because no one knows how old she is.” No Sale Lawyer—That’ll be $10, please. Client—What for? “My advice!” “But I'm not taking it.” If you don’t strike oil in five minutes’ talk, you should stop bor ing. While Iron Is Hot “I hear your new lodger is a very impetuous fellow. Does ev erything in the heat of the mo ment.” “Yes, it's his job. He is a black smith.” No Wonder “My father lost money on every thing my brother makes.” “What does your brother make?” “Mistakes.” “in any kind of weather it’s the $ teamen/'* sags ROBERT CURRIE, V^jpokm \ O \ Copr. ID *l\syK^Uot^omv»ar Thinking and Feeling With most of us feeling dulls into thinking as we progress along the road, and woe to that man who 1 over America. Try King Edward I I \ nation’s most popular cigar. %' M JL I I can depend on the special \J Iw JOL I C sales the merchants of our ▼▼ » * I I I town announce in the columns of this paper. They mean money TU C CPC nA| C saving to our readers. It always pays I n t jrtLIALO to patronize the merchants who advertise. They are not afraid of their merchandise or their prices. CLASSIFIED' DEPARTMENT PERSONAL DOCTOR'S REDUCING SYSTEM vitmiy and wp lBht chart free. Write VITAI.IX CANTON. S. D. AVIATION TRAINING Attend O. I.T.— LEARN AVIATION Government Certificated Courses Radio. Automotive, Diesel, Machine - Shop. Body - Fender, Welding. Free booklet. Addrem: Supervisor OREGON INSTITUTE of TECHNOLOGY. Portland. Or*. New Land Areas The 1940 census has issued com pletely revised statistics on the land areas of all states, the first remeasurement of its kind since 1880, reports Collier's. The five largest additions are 1,246 square miles to Texas, 1,151 to California, 1,145 to Maine, 1,058 to Mississippi and 743 to Oregon; while the five largest deductions are 992 square miles from New Mexico, 849 from Minnesota, 599 from Florida, 546 from Idaho and 541 from Wiscon sin. May Warn of Disordered Kidney Action Modern life with Ita hurry and worry, irregular habits, improper eating and drinking—its risk of exposure and infec tion—throws heavy strain on the work of the kidneys. They are apt to becom* over-taxed and fail to filter excess acid and other impurities from the life-giving blood. You may suffer nagging backache, headache, dizziness, getting up nights, leg pains, swelling —feel constantly tired, nervous, all worn out. Other signs of kidney or bladder disorder are some times burning, scanty or too frequent urination. Try Doan’s Pith. Doan’s help the kidneys to pass off harmful excess body waste. They have bad more than half a century of public approval. Are recom mended by grateful users everywhere. Aik your neighbor! Easing the Load That load becomes light which is cheerfully borne.—Ovid. j has never learned to think, for if ; he lives into old age he will be a plague to himself and a nuisance i alike to those who think, or feel.