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FOOD VALUE TESTS.
bcxbbtxbvb un to nom BUS BUTTII AMD HU Oonfina Cow* to Air-Tight (Mk la Btoii** is Bjni i■ i je> pintm for too furpoMh TIM University of PioMylnnk at Harrisburg has lately begun experi ments to teat foods for cattle. The ex periments are directed toward the sci entific feeding of cattle to find out exact ly what foods are the beat adapted to produce the best milk, the beet flesh and the best butter. It Is not the plan of the Pennsylvania •dentists who are conducting the tests to starve scientifically the cattle with which they are making their experi ments nor to try the effects of poison on them. On the contrary, the sole pur pose of the tests Is to find out what foods or combination of foods will produce the richest results and the cost thereof. To make their tests correct they have Invented what they call a respiration calorimeter. It Is an apparatus which measures with exactness the gases given off by a cow or an on and the heat generated in the animal's body during the process of assimilation. The respiration part of the apparatus attends to the gases and the calori meter to the temperature. In this ma chine for months past a series of the most valuable tests has been made and the scientists who have been supervis ing them are enthusiastic over the re sults that they have secured. The respiration calorimeter consists of a double-walled chamber. 6xlo feet and eight feet high, containing a com fortable stall. The waits of the cham ber are double, the inner one being a sheet copper, while the outer one is of sine, with an air space between. The door through which the animal enters and the small opening through which food is given to the animal, close air tight, shutting off the Interior from the world outside except so far as it can be seen through a double plate glass window. When an animal Is placed in this hermetically sealed cell all air is cut off from it. save that which is supplied by a meter pump, which sends in a uniform quantity of dry, pure air at stated inter, als. The pump not only sends the air currents in, but it draws a sample of it at stated intervals. An other pump draws samples for an analysis at the same Instant that the injector does. By comparing these samples it is easy to tell exactly what bases and how much the animal has added to the air and to determine the amount of gases given off by different foods. The copper inside bos of this cham ber is surrounded by two wooden box es, each box being eight inches larger than the one inside it. When in use they are kept at exactly the temper store of the air surrounding the stall, and thus there is no loss of heat from the chamber to which the animal is pisrod By a simple adjustment the air is made to leave and enter the cell at the same temperature, and thus there is no loss on that account. So all the heat that the animal gives off remains in the chamber, which Is carefully registered by delicate electrical ther mometers. But if the heat remained In the cell It would result in the place soon be coming unbearably hot. and so an ar rangement Is made to keep it at one temperature by means of colls of cold water, which absorbs the heat almost as fast as it is given off. The Instru ments measure the most minute varia tions of heat, and these facts are class ified with the result of air analysis. Thus the amount of waste and heat created by sash Mod of food can be calculated. In making a toil the animal to usually placed in the calorimeter be tween one and two o'clock In the after noon. The next few hours are spent in adjusting the instruments. At six o’clock in the evening the tent Is usual ly begun and usually lasts for 48 hours. At the end of that time the animal is taken from the cell and carefully ex amined by experts sad a full report of its condition Is made to go with the gas and temperature analysis. Then if the animal is Intended tor beef it is killed and samples of its flesh, blood and various organs are put through a most careful series of anal ysis. If it is for the purpose of im proving the nfcllk or butter supplies, these products are tested and toe re sells tabulated. Saws for FraH Grows. Orahardlsts in Tasmania are subject to a fine of from 82-50 to ,81.00. with costs, if they fail to bandage their trees to keep down the ooddllng moth, or if they fail to gather and destroy any Infested trait. Wormy apples sent to market are liable to confiscation and destruction, and the shipper can be prosecuted. In New South Wales all Infested fruit coming from other col onies may be seised or destroyed, or returned to the shipper at his own expense. Fruit growers are generally assisting the government in enforcing these laws. Similar laws In this conn- ■ try for a few years would see a hard ship to many parties, but it would be a benefit to fruit growers and to the country tt they were strictly enforced. Uncalled Foe. *1 haws been told/’ said dd man n eskem, addressing his 18-year-old -on, ’•that you refer to me as the gov ernor’ at times. It Is truer* “You have said It, dad,” mm young Peckem. “How is it,” continued toe old men. “that after knowing your mother all these years you should make a break like toatT '-Qtosego New* __ WAR NEWS BY WIRELESS. iMitof Adventures of an Bag toll newspaper Correspondent at Tort Arthur. It waa an exciting story which Capt. Lionel James, a London Times war correspondent, told at the Society at Arts a few nights ago. It showed how useful a servant of journalism wireless telegraphy may be made In warfare, and it also provided instances of the dangers Incurred by the correspondent in making nee of it. Bays the London Mall. Capt James, giving a history of hlfl experiences while sending news from 1 the Times dispatch boat by means at the wireless system, described how he witnessed a naval attack on Port Ar thur, and how he found his boat in the middle of a Japanese torpedo flotilla. “We determined to give the system a real trial,’’ he said. “We commenced to send the message, which was 1,500 words in .length, to a station 130 miles away. The message was sent in four sections. At the end'of the first sec tion the operator on (!he ship listened in vain for a reply. “All excitement, was waiting In the operator’s* room to see if there wee any result For about five minutes the operator remained with the telephonic receivers glued to his ears, and then I saw a light gleam In his eyes. He was getting something. At last he took off the telephone and said in his quiet, quaint American way: ‘Captain, we will deliver the goods. Welhalwai says that it is ooming in like a drum/ Then I knew that the system waa a success.’’ The Times dispatch boat, the Hai mun, was fitted with the De Forest wireless apparatus, and a receiving station was erected near Weihaiwei, the first message sent being in rela tion to the landing of Kuroki’s army. Capt. James sent it from a distance of 80 miles, and when he reached the station found, to his joy, that it waa on Its way to London. Then he want in quest of further adventure. Arriving in the neighborhood of Port Arthur, he eaw three battleships and two cruisers of the Russian fleet, and immediately sent a wireless mes sage to Weihaiwei, 75 miles away. After this came a run to Chinampo and a dash back to Port Arthur, where important events were pending. The dispatch boat arrived there just in time. “Just as day was breaking the chief officer on the Haimun wose me to say that the Japanese fleet was on our starboard beam. We had bit it off ex actly. and keeping abreast of Togo's squadron, we witnessed the operations which cost the Russian cause a first class battleship aad Admiral Maka roff.” Hsrs Is a passage telling of the perils of the war correspondent: “The Yel low ses. end especially that portion of it which It was our custom to patrol, was alive with floating mines. Moreover, the Russ.ans, no doubt lrritiir b; their misior.ucet, had threat' n;.. Loth my self and my operators with s violent death if we should chance to fall into their hands. “The reason why the Times’' system ceased was because the Japanese raval and military authorities ree g tzn that the existence of a possible channel of leakage of military secrets presented a flaw in their plan of campaign.’’ Summing up, the lecturer said that he thought wireless telegraph} in conjunc tion with journalistic enterprise, had demonstrated its'usee too well, and that the success of the system had assisted In its downfall. PLAYED CRUSOE ON A BET flevelenfl Kan Lost Wager on Btoe tAom and Lived Twelve Tease on Island. After living a Robinson Crusoe exist ence for more than 12 years on Pancake rock, one of the Thousand islands in the St. Lawrence river. Samuel R. ueau, of Cleveland, has left his desert Island to go out into the world again, says a Water town, N. Y., dispatch. Mr. Dean took up his residence there as the result of an election bet made in 1892. The terms of the wager were that if he lost he waa to live on the ;:.ost des olate spot he could find in the i housand islands until a republican president had been elected three times in succession. Although supplied with provisions. Dean was to see no human being except the ferryman who brought supplies every six mouths. During the Cleveland- Hamso.l campaign Mr. Dean made the bet With * rederick R. Peters in a London club. Had the Englishman lost he was to have ied the same existence on the Shetland tsiauds until a democratic pres ide-1 waa elected thrice: Alter the election Peters released Dea- . rora the agreement, but the latter inn. . ti.i on paying the bet in the fullest rnea.ju. e and commenced his /lie in exile in June. iS92. Peters died about five years ago because of worry over the fail ure io leave the island. The in-ruing after the last election Denu was taken from the island to Mon treal. At that time he claims his beard v— a. .11 three ieet long a..d bis hair about ru same length. He ha ic.'ome accus. c.u j to life on the is- <i a-d af ter a Via,l io Cleveiand. whew an agent has settle l up his ifiairs. ne will return and write a book on his experienoss. Lots Underground. Tbs subway as a trusting place equals the ttile of olden days, for not a mommt io the day penae but one or mor» ouples are seen leaning o er the rail wuicii separates the entrant- to the ticks cthre u..d thf traintoclosure .cok ing unutterable things into each other’s eyes. For : ne mes* part the couples are totaly ob.i out to their aarrou. rings. When busu.es: is slack they affora uo end of amusement to the fftoVto end ticket choppers.—N. Y. Sun. CHINESE WATER CHESTNUTS Seined in Immense Quantities In Mataral Water Ways od the Empire. Where there are so many oennle there U more or less swamp ground. In China this is utilized for the raising of lotus roots, from which commercial-arrowroot is largely obtained, says a writer. There is no reason why much of the waste swamp land In the southern portion of the United States should not be used for a similar purpose, and the commercial returns from a venture of this sort in that part of the country ought to be sat isfactory. Where the canals of China widen, by reason of natural water ways or tor other reasons, the expanse of wa ter not needed for actual navigation is made use of in the raising of water nuts of several varieties, especially what are known as water chestnuts. These nuts are raised in Immense quantities. They are, strictly speaking, bulbs rather than nuts. They are rich in arrowroot and are prolific, an acre of shallow water pro ducing far more than an acre of well cul tivated soil planted in ordinary grain or similar crops. These nuts, also, could be produced to advantage in the United Btateß, where there is land inundated tor the growing season to a depth which will give ordinary water plants a chance to thrive and which is not capable of being drained for the time being. The nuts or bulbs are toothsome when roasted, and are wholesome, but probably would be more valuable In the United tales for the manufactured products which can be secured from them. THEY KNEW WHAT IT MEANT ** t,m * k Bought Cover Wham toe Aato-Tooter Was Beard to Their Midst. When it wee proposed, last fell, to set aside one of the public roads at Long Island during part of a day as an auto mobile race course there was loud objec tion from the country folk. The New York Times has discovered one who was entirely pleased with the outoome. "What did you think of it?” a traveler asked him a day or two later. “The best thing for me that ever hap* pened!” waa the emphatic reply. •What?’’ “Yes, sires! You see, I have a balky mule that draws my truck to market •very morning. Yesterday that mule balked half way to town. I couldn’t get him to stir. While I was cogitating what to do I saw a funny rubber thing in the road. I picked it up and accidentally squeezed it. It let out a terrible noise. 11 was one of those auto footers, that got lost. “Well, when that mule heard it behind him he started so quick I hardly had time to grab the tailboard, and he never let up till he reached the ferry. “I brought the thing home and showed it to Mandy, and she squeezed it end squeezed it. Every chloken on the farm ran for the coop at the first sound. Every pig bid in the pen. the cow ran behind the barn, the cat got under the sto e. the •io* race J or his kennel, and .un. »lj and 1 si o.t ike ..uietett night we' veev- r had. 01 a.i tlie .abor-savlng mach * over saw, that is the best, and the aui..n can race up and down my road as often as suits them.” TRICK OF A PARIS THIEF. Impersonated Angry Husband and fissured s Good Bum at Bfoney. A traveler remarks thst the Parisian swindler is ths subtisst and the most in dom. . ,e oiiS in the world. He was the oik i u. jtrolling through a fashion alt e rro.. -h shop. A wo a., entered and proceeded to purchase u ostly set of silver dishes, ana meauwuile a well dressed man lin gered at the doorway as though waiting for her. i n - woman, her purchase concluded, couu nd a roll of bank notes and ad vance i to the cashier’s desk, holding them in uaV hand. Then, of a sudden, the uiu i ... hed upon her. ' j iiu v.etch!” he exclaimed; “didn’t I u.j }ou tuac you shouldn’t have those disk, a: Auj he slappe t ner upo: -tie cheen. lore the bank notes irom her nand an i a uiuei indignantly out ol the shop. 'ih. wo...an fainted. It wa min utes imore she was brought to. and meanwhile those In the shop, believing that a ta.ntly quarrel was in progress, did noiai..g. On her recover} the man ager oi the place said, regretiully: “We art orry, madam, for this occur rence. V our husband—" “My husband! that was not my hus band,’’ ths womsa cried. “He is a thief!’’ She had never seen the man before. Logical Theory. “You will observe,’’ said the pro fessor, “the higher the altitude at tained the colder the temperature be comes.” “But Isn’t It warmer near the top of the mountains than It is in the val ley?’’ asked too youth at the foot at the yciaaa. “Certainly not.” replied the pro fessor. “Why do you thtulr ft would be?” “Oh.” answered the youngster. “I thought perhaps the atmosphere was heated by the mountain ranges.’’— Cincinnati Enquirer. Ths Automobile la War. The first automobile to be used un der act.-.al * service conditions will short.’; ,v sent by the Russian military ai. . - csto Manchuria, where r sill be .j -. to transport war mater! \ nnd prov.--.ons.- It consists of a 36 horse-, pov er f rench car. upon wnieh a large dy.iuno has been placed, which fur nishes the power to the electric motors of five trailers. Each of these an carry a kn ! nf L7M pounds, and the train can be riven at a rate of speed •rangto- urn miles per hour. WAS AN HONEST WOMAN. Oarries Away a Be ok by Mistake, Bufi Adjusts the Matter Very Cleverly*. “It is the easiest thing.in the world/* said Mrs. En.* v-in. “to be a shoplifter. '• turned cne uijscli to-cay. 1 itole a bou ai.ed ‘Happy Thoughts for Hap py Kople.” I ditu ! mean to steal it. I pic. cd It up by mistake and walked away with It. I didn’t know I had It until l go almost heme.” “In that case.” said Empson, “I sup poee you will take It back.” "Y-y-yes, suppose so. The only difficulty about that le that I don’t know where to take It. I don’t know w here I got It. I was In the book depart ment of half a dozen store;, and at every counter I looked at a Happy Thoughts’ book. 1 don’t know which place It was that I really turned thief.” “It was probably the last place you were In,” suggested Empson. “At any rate, I advise you to go there and explain your mistake They will prob ably know their own goods.” Mrs. Empson promised to attend to the restoration of purloined llteraturo early the next morning. Evidently his . wife’s misdemeanor weighed heav ily on Mr. Empson’s mind, for his first question thst night was about the book, says the New York Press. “Did you take it back?” he asked. “Yes.” “Belonged where I thought It did, I suppose?” “Yes. That is, the floorwalker thought it was t.helrs.” "That’s good,” said Empson. "I’m glad you've got It settled. I’ve worried about the matter all day. I see you made good by buying more stuff, as well as return!rg the book. Bought this there, didn’t you?” Empson took a short length of laoe from the table and dangled it before his wife's eyes. “Yes," she said. "You see, it waa awfully hard to explain. The floor walker seemed so cross. I was afraid he wouldn’t understand and would have me arrested, or something, so when he said the l ook was thrira—” She loo' ed at Emr«or appealingly. “Yes ” he said, "and then—” "Why then. I didn't the courage to corf';; that I had rn r n the book. I pretended that I wanted to make an ex change, so he gave me a credit check for 98 cent* and I bought this lace with that.” HYDROPHOBIA PREVENTED. New Method of Vaccination Whfsfc Xs field to Bo Vary Effective. Pasteur's vaccination method for the prevention of hydrophobia in people bitten by mad dogs is cm oyed at ths Institute for infectious dis uses at Ber lin. The “CultttS" ministry has Just published a statement wjth reference to the cases of , persona bitten by mad dogs which have come to the knowl edge of the authorities daring 1908, and which permits a Judgment on the merits of such vaccination based upon authentic facts, states the Scientific American) In the year 1963 307 persons were bitten by 194 mad dogs or dogs sus pected of madness; in 140 or these dogs hydrophobia was afterward proved beyond a doubt, while 13 were found to be he&l.hy; the rest could not be examined. The 307 persona lived in eight different provinces—226 of them In eastern Prussia, western east Prussia and Silesia, which are close to Russia Thus Russia is agnin shown to be the breeding place oi his plague. Of those bitten 281 proceeded to the institute for infectious diseases and were vaccinated. Four oi them died of hydrophobia and one recov ered after a slight attack. Deaths took place on the thirt -eighth, fifty-sixth, one hundrrd and tenth and one hun dred and thirty-fifth days, respective ly, after the bite. Vaccination has not proved an abso lutely certain remedy, even when ap plied right after the bite. The statis tics show, however, that of 281 per sons vaccinated only four died; :hat Is, one and one-half per cent.; while of those not vaccinated but treated med ically six per cent. died, and of those neither vaccinated nor treated 11 per cent. died. "In view of these figures,” the state ment proceeds, “It is earnestly to be recomm. nded that all persons having the miH.ortune to be bitten by dogs cither n7ad or suspected oi madness at once submit to vaccination. The value of such vaccination is being more and more recognized. During the last six years the . c-rcentage of persons b tten Who submitted to vaccination were 29, 80, 82. 78, 90 and 90. respectively, and It is to be hoped that in the future •very bitten person will avail one’s seif at it.” Economy Taught in Tooth. It has ever been an object with French parents to teach a child to be provident and economical. A c'i . 1 of three ca.t become a member of the mu tuality by giving only two cents a week; one cent will entitle it to get ten cents a day when it is 111 and the other goes toward getting a penal n when it is ai a certain age. No one knows how long a child con live but what does the contribution amount t >? A boy of 18, giving 34 cents a moi.t to the society, will, when he is 60 ha e a pension at 972.a year.—Brooklyn ■■H* Learn the Words. Bseiy boy can whistle "Yankee Doo dle/’ bat how many can repeat the words that go with the tune? A schoolmaster who lately asked hl< pu pils to do it found them all d L.en *m that score. Quite likely the same experience might be had with most of their Boston Herald. THE WATER WE BUY. MUCH OF THS FOOD CONSUMED PRINCIPALLY MOISTURE. Animal or Vegetable the Various Artiolcc of Our Diet Contain Largo Per Cent, of Liquid. What we buy as solid food is not solid. It is partly water; some of the co n :o cat fools are almost entirely co i’ *l of water. I' as food, water is a tolera’-’v exit . ve luxury In several Insta.. a It coats iomctV"g like |2.50 a glass, says Pears n s zlne. Let us begin with breakfast. Look at that loaf of bread. To all appearances It la solid enough. But It is not. When It ' , an<c l-.to *he h I ’a of the baker as wheat Po rlt co** »i • 1 water only to the extent of 17 per c-nt. In working up the materials Into dough, by kneading and other manip ulation. and In I nking, a groat oh • ge takes place, and the quantity of vnt.»r has more than doubled. The wheat flour loaf contains nearly 40 per cent, of water. Curiously enough its value aa a food Is increased thereby. The percentage of water in the crust la about half that In the soft Inßlde. “Cured” pork does not contain a largn proportion of water; in fact, wherever there is a good deal of fat*y matter, there Is also a of ture. So the man who onin-i v* of breakfast baron may romfor* him self with the reflection that he is get ting fairly solid value for hla money, because bacon contains only 22 per cent, of water. Fresh eggs, on the other hand, are composed of no less than 66 per cent, of water. The beat dairy-made butter, no mat ter how carefully prepared, contains a comparatively reeal of wa ter. Out of 1.500 ss mp]es o' ex amined by well- ,- nown aiit.h«H*«#»«, a small number contained over 1 6 per cent, of water; the lareer number con tained’ between tt and 13 per Carelessly manufactured or ad lt-r --ated hotter often -ontnins much water‘thm Is permlss'hle bv law, and the hreat-'nst tahl® may include a sun pi'' of butter containing as much as 20 per cent, of water. It is only to he expected that milk, owlne to Its orivln should vary con sldenM'* In its •'<■'** ft ion. Much <e pends qn tho • surroundings of the *»H*nrl it It Is |n»n-P-tlmr *o ’'now that morn ing ml!*' It Pome'- (Vn '-O | 8 by **n -n- i nnnr'ahl**” «•«, t'>~ n- Inr ****n’-t- • “’ere f«» morn water 'n thn forn-nr. Th n d**i *• minrt of milk e”°n in nure«t state ~0-tiins an average of *7.6 ne** '•«»nt. of water. Tl«n feb contain the largest perne-t-r- nf water. Thus, turbot and s'de nre credited with 78 per cent.; •citron 7* ner rent.; while the com moner Inhabitants of the deep blue sea are content with from 40 to 60 per cent., as In the eaaS of the homsljr herring. “As cool as a encumber” is a house hold term. The coolness is easily ex plained. Cucumbers are almost »nt|re ly composed of water —that ’r. !»r. i>«r cent, or over 7.4 per cent, more fb"n is crn'nlned ’n milk, which Is itself a Mcnid - Lettuce m:ift not be forgotten. Her- !« a further instance of how ’ tf!.i sub»*aneo may be in an aprarent sol d, for the cabbage lettuce holds 92 per cent, of water. ’t will be seen that moat of the good th'n s of Ufa are largely compos'd of water; but It Is better for ua that this Is so. Nature knows more *bout our powers than r ° ’ row our p*’v end ehe has der ’ her prod uces (ish fle*h. fowl arci .. ult -with so cunning a ha'ud that tbs water contained In each 1* essential. Food c ’'mining very little water in its composition is not as a rule, rood to eat un’il a suitable proecs* of cook ing -endered it safe by add 'y •* ur thf r «-i ply of water to It n? d ho Ik g, ae ie well !• nown. Is the pro»: s; that ren ders our food moat wholesome and easy of digestion. "Pedigree” of "Fog.** If any Londoner crawling up to busi ness by train or tram through the fog turner his idle mind to won .ng why it v.a-> called "log,'’ he woi. < , r* b bly dec.ee mat it could not havt otcu aited anything else. "Fog” is Its obvrua ame. Yet there is much apicula . •» ~.ong philologists on this point. Dr. ...urriy s dictionary sugg *.h an intcr etung pedigree. Ae far bac. aa iha our." rtn century “fog” n mnt < f er gia c . .- rank grass that st.. ngm aft er ..a, i.urvest or grew in the w.. :cr, Aiu.t u i ,ie north it meant n osa. T. en •Ilj t . i line to mean btgyy; next ;t wa; iKtd to mean bloated or pul; v.cl he flesh of men or animals, and tins 1; as applied to ale or air. It ran n.ck, and our modern fog wa* derived br.ck from this “foggy.” Skeat. however. goeß straight to the Danish “foe. * as in “snee fog,” a snowstorm, from “fyge.” to drift. The worst of London fogs Is t hat they do not drift fast enough.—Lon don Chronicle. •napped Her Up. "I thought they weren’t going to be married until the s ring'” “Yes; b t'they changed t eir minds giirii • ,y. ud did the thi • r Y<■ ■ . they happened ir d *; > d s*. \ I. y.trt out of a job i i cv wan.ed to snap her up.”—Philaueip»ila Presa. Dyed Poodle. Daisy—Why. Rc.se. d»ar. what have you done to you p od> he .at .:n: • i * ' i m his ha wi whi »* |-.i.sr . bn it wa s a I rance o ce h.m washed you i n m, so i just had him dyed brown.—De troit Free Preas. FINDING COUNTERFEITERS. i Branch of Government Secret Service That Was the Beginning of the Present Syetem. The secret service bureau of the treas ury department is not an old concern. It has not Cpen in operation many years, compared to the existence of other bu reaus, but it grows in importance each year. There are now a large number of investigators, by some called detec tives, in the field, but the exact number Is not known and Sill not be made pub lic, says the Washington Star. Counterfeiting money is an old of fense. It was done before the United States became a government, but does not seem to have become so widespread until the United States brpnr m’ Irg its own paper money durin" fh f f l il war. Prior to that time the offfrs-? had been dealt With by states and munici palities, with such help as the general government cared to give. The lnertas* In the crime, however, caused recogni tion by congress in 1860, when $10.00*) was appropriated for Its supprrFfion, to be expended under the direction of tho secretary of the treasury. The sum was paid out in rewards to private detec tives, municipal officers and others in strumental in bringing to trial and pun ishment those engaged in making bogus money. With the turning out of r rron backs by the government an inert nse In the appropriation and a more organized fight against counterfeiting were neces sary. In 1864 congress appreciated 6100,000 and placed upon the solifitor of the treasury the responsibility and su pervision of keeping down counterfeit ing. This really inaugurated a method ical system of hunting and punishing counterfeiters. The solicitor of the | treasury gathered about him a corps of men experienced in criminal invcstlga- I tions and set them to work. The plan | worked so well that when John Sher | mwn was secretary of the treasury ho gave his approval to the organization of a separate bureau for suppressing the output of spurious currency. Under foreign governments the handling of counterfeiters is in control of a central ised police, organization, which looks after all kinds of criminal offenses agalnat the general governmontn. TJie •ne bureau has surveillance over Crimi nals of every class. The tendency is in that direction In this government. The secret service bureau is now being used by a number of departments of the gov ernment. The operations of the secret service are confined by law to the suppression of counterfeiting and the Investipatlon of back pay and bounty cases. This la all the law permits the officials of the servloe to work on. but every day they are at work on other matters. That the law may not be openly violated the se cret service operators assigned to do other work are practically taken off the secret service rolls and the department employing them la required to pay their salaries and expenses. Nearly all the departments now recognize the efficiency of the service and call upon the bureau at any time for a man. The department of Justice has used a number of the oper ators in the last few years. In the course of time this will become so general that this government will probably build up a great criminal bureau, one that will supply officers for Investigation of any crime. The post office department now hss its own system of Inspectors, who investigate violations of postal laws, and the effectiveness of this plan of pitting specialist against specialist is regarded as a good one. This could be continued, though, if all the criminal organizations of the government were centralized. HOW HE WON THE PRIZE. Basj; tor m Maa Who Was a Bugler In m Brass Band for Baron While the proprietor of a lung tester was expiating upon tha benefits to be derived from the free use of his instru ment, a cadaverous individual stepped out of the crowd and remarked to him: “Mister, do you think it would do me good to blow into that?” “Yea, sir; certainly. It would expand your chest, give elasticity to your lungs, and lengthen your Ilfs. Why, you’d ■oon be able to blow 800 pounds, and win a prize.” “Does a fellow get a prize when he blows that many pounds?” ”Yes, sir; half a sovereign. Wouldn’t you like to make a trial?” with a know ing wink to the crowd. “I don’t care if I do.” said Greens, com ing closer and throwing down a coin. Then, taking the mouthpiece In his hand, he made ready. He opened his mouth until the hole in his fare looked like a dry dock for ocean steamers, and began to take In wind. The Inflation was like that of a big balloon, but not so disastrous. The fellow’s chest began to grow and distend until he resembled a pouter pigeon more than a man. At length he put the mouthpiece to his lips and blew with such force that his •yes came,out and stood on his cheek bones to see what was the matter—but that indicator’s top went up like a flash, and its needle spun round until it stood still at 500 pounds. The crowd cheered, and the keeper of the thing paid over ten shillings with a mutter of astonish ment. But Greens pocketed the money coolly, and, turning to the spectators, said: “Look here, gents, that ain’t nothing to do at all for a man who has been a bugler in a brass band for seven years, like me.” Unusual Opportunity. Hr, Goodley—Mrs. Chatters is better, I hear. I’m glad you called on her to day. Mrs. Goodley—Bo am I. I was ush ered Into her room Just as the doctor put the thermometer under her tongue, and so for five full minutes I talked away at her and she couldn’t say a fir or <L—Philadelphia Prsaa