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THE CAMP FIRE “THE LADIES' DEFENDER." An Interesting Relic of tho Civil War to Bo Soon in Columbus, Ga. Columbus (Ga.) possesses one of the most historic and interesting can non used by the confederates, a can non which was recovered and brought back to its home more than 39 years Jitter the roar of battle had ceased and / peace had been declared. “The Ladies' Defender,” for that is the name given it, was cast at the ordnance works in Columbus in 1863, and was made from brass furnished by the ladles of the city. There are ladies still living who had a hand in contributing brass door knobs, candle sticks, andirons or flredogs, dinner bells, church bells, etc. In a number of instances the ladies robbed their homes of necessary material for the cannon. These articles of brass were melted up and mixed with copper and tin to form a bronze metal suitable for the gun. Through the press appeals had gone out asking contributions of this character, and there was a willing and ready response by the ladies of the city, for they realized the extreme scarcity of the right kind of material for gun-making In the south, she being practically without any metal for this purpose. It was unfortunate for the south that she had depended, and continued to do so until within the past two decades, on the north for agricultural “The Ladies' Defender." Implements, guns and ammunition, carriages and wagons, rolling stock and engines for her railroads, as well as pretty nearly everything else save that produced from agricultural pur suits. In 1862 the south was in the midst of a fierce war, and with but little chance for making any of the things so badly and urgently needed. Dire necessity forced her people to dive in and make an effort to supply the demand for “shooting irons,” and after a few months this city, as well as others, had demonstrated that these could be made. Many of these guns became famous as the most accurate for fire, the most durable and destruc tive of any made, and are to-day relics of the best workmanship in that line of either side in the war. Armed with these guns, the confederate artil lerymen became noted for the ac curacy and deadliness of their fire, and they were dreaded by the enemy whenever met. The government, with all its money and material and skilled workmen did not turn out better guns. Through long years a persistent search was made for the “Ladies’ De fender,” writes R. M. Cheshire, and finally, through the efforts of Hon. L. H. Chappell, the old cannon was lo cated in the home of the erstwhile enemy. It required no pleading, no money, to secure it again, for, with the true spirit of friendship and manhood, it was willingly restored to those who had, during all these years, held it so dear. It now stands in one of the beautiful parks of the city, a sacred relic of those bitter days. The Old Saratoga. Another vessel of historic name and deeds has been stricken from the naval register and will be sold. This is the old Saratoga, built at the navy yard at Kittery, Me., in 1842. The vessel was named for the 18-gun shop of war Saratoga, which served gal lantly In the revolution, and went down in a gale in 1780. The new Sara toga, after serving as the flagship of a squadron engaged in suppressing the slave-trade on the African coast, was sent to help blockade the eastern coast of Mexico during the Mexican war. But it was because of its part in a most Important act of peace that the old vessel will be best remem bered. The Saratoga was sent to the orient after the Mexican war, and joined the fleet of Commodore Mat- Vthew Calbraith Perry, who had gone to Japan to deliver the famous letter *hich opened Japan to the outside world. The vessel again returned to Japan in 1854, when the treaty of amity and commerce was signed. Birds' Lightning Rods. “The humming bird, no less than man, protects his habitation with a lightning rod,” said an ornithologist. “Oh, you nature faker!” “It Is the truth. The humming bird nests In warm climates, where devas tating thunderstorms abound, and very prudently he covers the outside of his little home with cobweb. “Silk, you know, is a non-conductor of electricity, and, since cobweb is silk, the humming bird's nest Is light ning-proof. Isn't he a clever little beggar to put up his own lightning rod like that?” MY DADDY WAS A SOJER. My daddy was u aojer. And fought against the wrong, “Bravely and defiantly,’* As they say In the song. My dad says 'tls a gallant thing To be a sojer, but ’Tia orful when the bullets sing And sabers slush and cut. • If I was Mr. Uncle Bam \ Or his next bestest friend I wouldn’t let them really fight. But make them Jest purtend. My daddy says ’twould be as well. And he knows best, I guess. If war was less like brimming hell And more purade and dress. —Will F. Stephens, In National Trib une. A FLAG INCIDENT. How a Kentuckian Won His Freedom By Flying Old Glory. Every war veteran who was at Camp Douglas, Chicago, during the closing days of the civil war remem bers the strange incident which be fell the garrison flag. Just when tho rejoicings over the fall of Richmond and the surrender of Lee were at their height. The garrison flag slipped down to half-maBt, and nothing could get it to its proper place at the top of the high flag staff until the broken fixtures at the very end of the pole could be repaired. The commandant of the post offer ed a reward in gold and an honorable discharge to any soldier who would climb the staff and repair it bo that ! the flag might again fly from the top. ' One poor fellow accepted the chal lenge, climbed up, and began work on the ropes, but he became frightened, started down and fell, crashing through the platform which surround ed the flagstaff, and received serious, if not fatal, Injuries. And so the garrison flag still hung at half mast. It was unendurable, while every heart was singing with joy over the end of the war and the approach of peace. The offer was now made by the commandant to any prisoner of war in the prison camp, where thousands of confederates were held. To any one who would repair the staff $100 in gold and his freedom was prom ised. A prisoner, a young Kentuckian, one of Morgan's men, came forward and announced his readiness to try for the prize of freedom. When the time came for his climb, Johnny Reb was furnished with every safety appliance that could be found, and orders were given that strict sil ence should be observed by everybody in the camp until the man had safely made his ascent and descent, and raised the flag to the head of the staff. An immense crowd gathered in the square at the foot of the flagstaff, and the enforced silence of such a throng of soldiers and citizens, men, women, | and children, was impressive. Up the staff—it was of great height I —climbed the lithe figure of the Ken- | tuckian, and when he reached the top | he coolly did what was necessary, and then slid quietly down the staff. Pull ing the cords, he raised the flag to the peak, and fastened it there by a scien tific Jerk. Off came the hats of every man in the place, and a tremendous cheer went up, in which officers and men joined, re-enforced by the shrill hur rahs of children. Those who had been superstitious over the accident and had predicted some dire event which would turn rejoicing into woe, now regained their confidence, accept ing the chaffing of their friends on their vanished fears with philosophy. The Kentuckian then and there was given his reward, writes Ada C. Sweet in Chicago Journal, and after much handshaking with the soldiers he went back to prison square to “pack up his blanket and shirt,” ready for the Jour ney to his home. For an hour the sol diers sung and cheered and enjoyed their jollification. The flag floated where it belonged, participating in the general celebration, and all was well. For one day It waved in the sky, and was lowered at night with honors, and raised again at sunrise, but only to be. lowered again on the 15th day of April, 1865, when the sould of Ab raham Lincoln was rent from its worn and weary body by an assassin’s hand. Half-mast the flag remained for many days, like all the flags from sea to sea of the north. And the people who had been shaking their heads over the refusal of the flag to fly at the top of ’ the staff again looked wise and said: “I told you so.” It is among the world-wide proverbs that every cloud has a silver lining, and it is quite equally true, though not so well learned as yet, that every gold en cup of joy has its admixture of gall and wormwood. England’s Millionaire. Although in the number of million aires Great Britain is doubtless be hind the United States, there are 21 lucky individuals in England who manage to get along with Incomes of $250,000 a year. The flftith report of the British Inland revenue commis sion showB this number of millionaires in England, Scotland and Ireland, though they have many men with comfortable fortunes, who are not able to show any Incomes in the $250,- 000 class. In Scotland, however, re side nine persons whose incomes range from $50,000 to $200,000, while the statistics show that ten people in Ireland have Incomes of from $25,000 to $60,000 a year. There were 187.- 887 persons, excluding employes, in England who paid an income tax on under $1,000 a year, as against 33,- 766 la Scotland and 12,723 in Ireland. ADVICE TO VICTIMS TELLS READERS HOW TO CURE RHEUMATISM AT HOME. Directions to Mix a Simple Prepara tion and the Dose to Take—Over comes Kidney and Bladder Trouble Promptly. There Is so much Rheumatism every where that the following advice by an eminent authority, who writes for read ers of a large Eastern daily paper, will be highly appreciated by those who suffer: Get from any good pharmacy one half ounce Fluid Extract Dandelion, one ounce Compound Kargon, three ounces of Compound Syrup Sarsapa rilla. Shake these well in a bottle and take in teaspoonful doses after each meal and at bedtime; also drink plenty of good water. It is claimed that there are few vic tims of this dread and torturous dis ease who will fail to find ready relief in this simple home-made mixture, and In most cases a permanent cure is the result. This simple recipe Is said to strength en and cleanse the eliminative tissues of the Kidneys so that they can filter and strain from the blood and system the poisons, acids and waste matter, which cause not only Rheumatism, but numerous other diseases. Every man or woman here who feels that their kidneys are not healthy and active, or who suffers from any urinary trouble whatever, should not hesitate to make up this mixture, as it is certain to do much good, and may save you from much misery am* suffering after while. THE NUMBER OF ANIMALS. Recent Attempts to Tabulate the Beasts That Perish. Every now and then some natural ist endeavors to Make an approximate numerical count of known animal species. This kind of attempt is sure ly not without interest, but it must be acknowledged that its results are very uncertain. We are far from knowing all species, and there is yet a delight ful prospect ahead for those who love systematic zoology and for zoologists who bestow mutual honors by giving each other’s names to some animal hitherto unknown. As Nurmann remarked to a recent meeting of naturalists at the museum, which he presented his “Catalogues Mammallum,” the species of rodents known in 1880 yrere only 970 in num ber; now they arS 1,900. The num ber has thus, at least, doubled in 27 years. The number of living species of this creature now known is about 1,500, divided among 160 genera. This family is the most numerous of the class of mammalia. —Wissen fur Alle. Everything Bad. ; A prominent planter recently had j occasion to visit some of his holdings ! In southern Arkansas. The land was : situated several miles from a railroad, | and It was necessary to finish the Journey in a buggy. So he took a friend with him and started out. After traversing several miles of sparsely settled country, they came upon a farmer plowing corn on the side of a hill. The planter, wishing to appear civil to his neighbors, stopped his horse and yelled at the man. who came to the fence, mopping his face with a red bandana. “Good morning.” "Mornln’, mister!” “You live here, I suppose?" “Yep.” “How’s crops?” “Fair to middlin’.” “That’s a bad hill you’re plowing.” “I know it. Bad hoes, pullin’ th’ plow, bad plow, bad everything.” “Why, you talk like you were the poorest man in Arkansas,” laughed the planter. “I ain’t, though,” was the response, as the young fellow smiled good naturedly. “Another feller owns half o' this crop.” TAKE THEM OUT Or Feed Them Food They Can Study On. When a student begins to break down from lack of the right kind of food, there are only two things to do; either take him out of school or feed him properly on food that will rebuild the brain and nerve cells. That food is Grape-Nuta. A boy writes from Jamestown, N. Y., saying: “A short time ago I got into a bad condition from overstudy, but Mother having heard about Grape- Nuts food began to feed me on it. It satisfied my hunger better than any other food, and the results were mar velous. I got fleshy like a good fel low. My usual morning headaches disappeared, and I found I could study for a long period without feeling the effects of it. “My face was pale and thin, but is now round and has considerable color. After I had been using Grape-Nuts for about two months I fslt like a new boy altogether. I have gained greatly in strength as well as flesh, and it is a pleasure to study now that I am not bothered with my head. I passed all of my examinations with a reason ably good percentage, extra good in some of them, and It is Grape-Nuts that has saved- me from a year's delay in entering college. “Father and mother have both been improved by the use of Grape-Nuts. Mother was troubled with sleepless nights and got very thin, and looked care worn. She has gained her nor mal strength and looks, and sleeps well nights.” “There’s a Reason.” Read “The Road to WellvlHe” in pkia. BIRDS TRAVEL ALONG ROUTES. A)l Have Not Same Range—Bwallowe ; Great Distance. The routes by which birds pass to and from one country to another in spring and autumn are regularly fol lowed. One great thoroughfare, of course, is in the spring from south to north, and conversely in the autumn from north to south; another is south east to northwest; a third southwest to northeast, with the return into the same starting points, says the Scot man. The great southern wintering region Is south of the north of Africa and extends to far beyond the equator, and from it, under the breeding in stinct in spring, birds hurry away to disperse themselves over the wide spreading palaearctlc or northern lands, which extend as far, in the case of some species, as a long way within the arctic circle. South of the equator during the northern winter the migrants fly toward the south pole to breed. The seasonal range limit of some of the northern breeding birds is enormous—several extending from I’atagonla to Greenland. AH migratory birds have not the same range; some fly longer, some shorter, distances. The best known of all the birds of passage, the swal low has one of the longest ranges— from 7,000 to 10,000 miles. In this extended range are also included such birds as the gray plover, the knot, the pectoral and curlew sandpipers and the Asiatic golden plover. The longer range—from 6,000 to 7,000 miles—includes such well-known birds as the cuckoo, the corncrake, the sedge warbler, the greenshank; the moderate range—from 3,000 to 5,000 miles—embraces the turtle dove, the crane, lapwing, mallard and Jack snipe; the third range—from 1,000 to 2,000 miles—such birds as the wood chat shrike, the stone curlew, the woodcock and black tern and in what is called the restricted area—with a mileage of 1,000 miles downward— there are the waxwlngs, several gulls and the eider duck. BABY IN TERRIBLE STATE. Awful Humor Eating Away Face— Body a Mass of Bores—Cuticura Cures in Two Weeks. “My little daughter broke out all over her body with a humor, and we used everything recommended, but without results. I called In three doc tors, but she continued to grow worse. Her body was a mass of sores, and her little face was being eaten away. Her ears looked as if they would drop off. Neighbors advised me to get Cuticura Soap and Ointment, and before I had used half of the cake of Soap and box of Ointment the sores had all healed, and my little one’s face and body were as clear as a new-born babe’s. I would not be without it agaiu if it cost five dollars, instead of seventy-five cents. Mrs. George J. Steese, 701 Coburn St., Akron, 0., Aug. 30, 1905.” Double Protection. “I wish," a lady recently said to her husband with what Punch discreetly terms “considerable emphasis,” "I wish you wouldn’t always sit on the piano-Btool when we have company. Everybody knows you can’t play a note.” * "Neither can anybody else when I’m silting there," returned the sage.— Youth’s Companion. The extraordinary popularity of fine white goods this summer makes the choice of Starch a matter of great Im portance. Defiance Starch, being free from all injurious chemicals, is the only one which is safe to use on fine fabrics. Its great strength as a stiffener makes half the usual quantity of Starch necessary, with the result of perfect finish, equal to that when the goods were new. Reciprocity. "Every father thinks he has the finest baby In the world.” "Yes,” answered the cynic, “and once in awhile, but not nearly so often a baby grows up to think it has one of the finest fathers in the world." Important to Mothers. Prsmtne carefully every bottle of CABTORIA, a ufa and aore remedy for Id fast* and children, and aae that It Dean the Signature of la Use Tor Over 30 Years. The Kind You Have Always Saved by a Neck. “Won’t you have another drink?” said the kangaroo to the giraffe as they stood in front of the zoo bar. "No, thank you,” replied the giraffe. “One drink goes a long way with me, you know.” That an article may be good as well as cheap, and give entire satisfaction, is proven by the extraordinary sale of Defiance Starch, each package con taining one-third more Starch than can be had of any other brand for the same money. A woman’s egotism has reached the limit if when she walks out she imagines that all the men going in the same direction are following her. FITS, St. Vitua Dance and all Nervous Diseases permanently cured by Dr. Kline's Great Nerve Restorer. Send for Free $2.00 trial bottle and treatise .Dr. R. H. Kline, Ld., Sft Arch St., Philadelphia, Pa. Whom fortune favors the world favors.—German. PUTNAM FADELESS DYES Sheer white goods, fa fact, any fine srash goods when new, owe much of their attractiveness to the way they are laundered, this being done In a manner to enhance their textile beau ty. Home laundering would be equal ly satisfactory if proper attention was given to starching, the first essential being good Starch, which has sufficient strength to stiffen, without thickening the goods. Try Defiance Starch and you will be pleasantly surprised at th# Unproved appearance of your work. Terrible Fete. There is something which will ap peal to every American in the horror of a fate Invoked upon Henry James, Sr., by his son, the novelist, and recorded In the letters of E. L. God kin. The young man had been worsted in argument, and exclaimed; “Then may your mashed potatoes always have lumps in them!”— Youth’s Companion. Catarrh Cannot Be Cured With LOCAL APPLICATIONS. M they cannot reneh the Kit of lha diacaM. Catarrh Is a blood or consti tutional dlacaaa. and In order to cura It you must take Internal remedies. Hall's Catarrh Cure Is taken In ternally, and aria directly on the blood and mucous surfaces. Hall's Catarrh Cure Is not a quack medi cine. It was prescribed by one of the best physicians In this country for years and Is a regular prescription. It Is composed of the best tunics known, combined with the beat blood purlflers. acting directly on the mucous surfaces. The perfect combination of the two Ingredients Is wbat produces such wonderful re sults In curing catarrh, bend for testimonials, free. F. J. CHKNKY A CO., Props., Toledo, O. Bold by Druggists, price 75c. fake Hall's Family Plus for constipation. How It Happened. Gyer—I was in a railway wreck seven years ago, and I never got over it. Myer—You must have been badly hurt. Gyer—I wasn’t hurt at all. I didn’t get over It because I crawled from un der. See?—Chicago Daily News. With a smooth iron and Defiance Starch, you can launder your siiiiu waist just as well at home as the steam laundry can; It will have the proper stiffness and finish, there will be less wear and tear of the goods, and it will be a positive pleasure to use a Starch that does not stick to the Iron. What ripens fast does not last.— Shakespeare. Behind the Doughy fUC BAKING 1 1 IV V POWDER J fSßßspi 23 Ounces for 23 Cents ■ I I A real power that raises and sustains lH Lfcowfctsqjl the dough with absolute certainty. EygjgJeJ No failures. A cake made with HQiraRH insist upon refunding your if a trial does not con- Revillon Freres, ine. invite trappers, collectors and shippers to send all their raw furs to Revillon. Because we are the largest manufacturers in the world we can afford to pay highest prices for _ ■■■ I ■ all your raw skins. Pay Highest ssjvrjr ** lag season. It will 11_" _ _ _ make money for you. Prices tor Dearns. C..W#* “ v,u »" KBW rllfS 11 WestlllhStreet BBBMVVBBBBW New Y#rk City W. L. DOUGLAS ▲ $3.00 & $3.50 SHOEB *a»BHOEa FOR EVERY MEMBER OF mmmt THE FAMILY. AT ALL PRIOES. *** 923,000 m fik Reward THE REASON W. I>. Dougin* shoe* are worn by more people In all walks of life than any other make. Is because of their excellent style, easy-lltting, and sii|>erior wearing qualities. The selection of the leathers and other materials for each park of the shoe, and every detail of the making is looked after by the most completeorganisatlon of superintendents.foremenand tolw/ 1/fIM skilled shoemakers, who receive the highest wages paid In th« wJLw ■line industry, and whose workmanship cannot Are excelled. # If I could tike you into my large factories at Brockton.Maas., 'ygW'W and show you how carefully W.L Douglas shoes are mad«, you would then understand why they hold their shape, fit better, wear longer and are of greater value than any other mage. "fiH-y Ikm*R?mmS^nd Wo Substitute. Ask your dealer for W. 1,. Douglas shoes. Jf he cannot supply direct to factory. Shoes sent everywhere by mail. Catalog free. W l Powglas, Brscirtsa.llM» Principal of Stenovraphie Dnp.rtm.nt I. a Court R.portar. PrlnalpS mt Bookkeeping Department In ■ Public Accountant and Auditor. Bend for SSEe* logues. 1739 Champa Street, Denver, Colorado. Precise Degree of Intimacy. Nan—Young lfr. Ketchley 1$ away on his vacation, lan't he? Are yea and he en corresponding terms? Fan—Not quite—but we're OB fix ture postcard terms. ■yVKBBiBMfIH REAPERS tStJVfmr- I ————— thing adveitkedle Eg ks columns should insist upon having Eg what they ask (or, refusing ell tube- ■ _ j A RAZOR til STROP FOB $1 We are sending rasorand strop by mall poet peMMe UI.UO. The razor I* of beat steel guaranteed to MM e perfect edge. If It don't, ■end It back and getaßWwaaa, Hollow ground—round nr *<|iiare point, H X nws feek rubber handle. A double barber strop of bcstfeifll bide and canvass: nlc'icl swivel. Hold oely W 8M K. W. Bisks Baser C'e u . _ I3S N. Center Htreet. BradfWd. VB» h*!* R balBAl* Cleanses and baantiflw thsJwßg I'rotnutaa a lusuriaol tliiw Never *j? CU, ~*T.■’d'| U»Ts* DEFIANCE STARCH--!:^ —other starches only 11 ounces—same prtom mam '•DEFIANCE” It SUPERIOR OUAUTK. PiIEHTSSSvi^ Thaamon'i Eis Wstw W. N. U., DENVER, NO. 44, HOT.