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ALL IN THE ACCENT
Words on Which Common Usage and Dictionaries Disagree. LINCOLN AND LIEN AND LION. An Amuiinf Virkal Dual In ths tu prama Caurt In Whioh tha Laan Lawyer's Wit Cam# Inta Play—A Blind Man's Criticism af Irving. There are many words so habitually mispronounced that the correct accent (L e., the accent favored by the dic tionaries) would appear wrong If any body used It In current conversation. This, of course, means that common usages hare overriden the dictionary and established a new standard which the dictionary of the future will have to respect. Just as those of today respect the pronunciation of “lien” that they rejected in the i»ast. Such words are cocaine and ptomaine, which the dictionary of the present recog nlses as trisyllables, thus: co-ca-lne, pto-ma-ine. Anyone familiar with French—a lan guage that may be said to possess no accented syllables—will understand Talno’s complaint about London res taurants that whenever he ordered potatoes the waiter Invariably served him with buttered toast And of course it was another French man who made a Jest of matrimony by pronouncing It ma-trim-ony. Mark Lemon records a story about Lord Chancellor Eldon and Sir Arthur Flgott. The first always pronounced the word “lien" in two syllables, as If It was spelled 11-en; the latter pro nounced It In one syllable, lean. Just as it would be pronounced in ordinary conversation. On this difference Jekyll wrote an epigram: ilr Arthur, Mr Arthur, why, what do you mean By sayins the chancellor's lion Is leant Do you think that his kitchen's so bad as all that. That nothing within it will ever get (at? Lord Eldon's pronunciation of thk legal term was not unknown at one time In America. Witness an anecdote about Lincoln. He once appeared in the supreme court In a case Involving a lien upon a piece of property. The presiding Judge was noted alike for obstinacy and pedantry. Lincoln, referring to the lien, pronounced it "lean.” This visibly affected hie honor. “Ll-en, Mr. Lincoln," he gently re monstrated. "Very well," wld Lincoln. But I , ttttln Inter be forgot himself and out 'cum the pronunciation "lean." Once more b. was corrected by the Jftdffae “As yea please," retorted Lincoln, somewhat nettled. “Not aa 1 please." came from the beach. "That la tha pronunciation favored by Webster and by Worcester. It so obtains at Westminster hall and also at our own supreme court In Washington." Lincoln bad now recovered his con stitutional good humor. Bowing to the court be said: "Certainly, your honor, certainly. 1 only desire to say that if my client bad known there was n lion on his farm for so long a time, I am sore be would not have stayed there even long enough to bring this suit, and I should not have bad the pleasure of appearing before this hon orable court" Of Henry Irving we are told that to heroic perseverance and bard study he added almost childlike eagerness to adopt any suggested Improvement In his manner of delivery. A blind man once offered an Illuminating criticism op his Shylock. The sensitive ear of the sightless auditor detected a fault In Irving’s opening line: Three thousand ducats—well! "I bear no sound of the usurer in that" was the blind man’s subse quent comment to Irving himself. “It la said with the reflective air of a man to whom money means very little." The Justice of the criticism was acknowledged by Irving. He revised his reading, not only of the first line, but of several others in which be now saw that he had not been enough of the moneylender. George EUot In ''Mlddlemarch" sup plies a classic instance of the value of the accent When Lyndgate, sore distressed at the failure of all his pro fessional and financial plans, comes to his wife for sympathy, abe meets him the query: “What can I do?" Whereon the author comments: “That little speech of four words, like so many others In all languages, is ca pable of expressing all states of mind, from helpless dimness to exhaustive argumentative perception, from the complete** self devoting fellowship tu the moat neutral aloofness. Rosa mund's thin utterance threw into the words 'What can I do?* as much neutrality aa they could bold. They fell like a mortal chill on Lyndgate’a roused tenderness." One of Da Marnier's best cartoons In Punch shows a deferential man of In quiring mind propounding this question to a professional beauty: “Ain’t you tired of bearing people aay That la the beautiful Mias Bel atoer" “Ob, no." the professional beauty re plies. “1 am getting tired of hearing people say ‘ls THAT the beautiful Miss Belsiser "-William 8. Walsh in Chi cago Record-Herald. Try to be something In the world and you will be something. AJm at excellence and excellence will be at tabled.—Bolleaii. China's Peerless Iron Mine. Chiuit‘a famous irou mine, the Tayeh, the foremost In the far east, is espe cially notable for the ease with which it is worked. It stands peerless la the • orld In this res pet* excavation re luirlng no machine power. The work is done by hand by the Chinese coolies. The mine Is reputed to be Inexhausti ble in Its ore. In the days of the “three kingdoms’* the locality formed a thea ter of bloody fighting, and the vicinity abounds in relics of that memorable period in Chinese history. It la about 3.030 Chinese miles from Peking over land and about 4.060 Chinese miles by water. Tayehbslen is traversed by ranges of hills and mountains, the val leys of which abound in innumerable lakes of all sixes, with water course facilities. Consequently the locality la rich in scenery of great beauty, and the Chinese poets from olden times have never tired of singing of the “eight views” of Tayeh. In the neigh borhood of the Tayeh iron mine are found the ruins of ancient Iron foun dries, probably 1.000 years old. Millions of tons of slag lie In heaps. Settled the Question. In Regensburg, in the middle ages, the beadsman died and three appli cants presented themselves for the post A test of their skill would set tle the matter. Accordingly three criminals were brought forth for slaughter. The first beadsman made with his sword a tiny nick In the first criminal’s neck. “I’ll lop him off Just there,” he said, and, swinging his sword round with a great swishing sound, lo! he did as be bad said he would. The second headsman tied a string round his criminal's neck. “I’ll cut off his head and bisect the string,” be said. And he did as he nad promised. These two first beadsmen now began to study and ponder the neck of the third criminal, asking what proof of skill the third headsman should under take, when the latter with one vast and splendid sword sweep cut off all three beads, thus finishing the crimi nal and his rivals together and win ning the headsmanshlp of Regensburg amid the applause of all. Harvard’s First Building. No man now living can describe as an eyewitness the crudities of Har vard's first building, where the ground floor was devoted to academic uses, re ligious and literary exercises and the purpose of refectory, kitchen and but tery. while above were students' quar ters, mere cells of the rudest sort The building was far from weather proof, and more air than light was ad mitted by the windows, which were only partly glased, oiled paper serving elsewhere to let In a few of the sun’s rays and keep out the “coarsest of the cold.” as Artemus Ward said when he bung an old boopekirt over his cham ber window at the country hostelry tn midwinter.. Not even the moot rudimentary of table equipment was supplied at the college eating room. His own knife and fork were carried by each student when be went to dinner, and after he had finished be wiped them on the ta blecloth.—Dial. Wasp Waisted Cretans. In describing the civil guards at Canea, Mr. Trevor-Battye in “Camping In Crete.” alludes to the slender waists of the Cretan men: One point about the figures of these men, he says, as of all the mountain villagers, is the extreme smallness of their waists, which in some cases are almost wasplike. It is Interesting to observe that this has always been a Cretan characteristic, for the figures on the frescoes and vases in the Mi noan section of the museum in Can dia (e. g.. the famous “Cup Bearer”) have the same remarkable slenderness of waist He Is not sure whether this slim waist is natural or whether produced by tight belting. A Lesson In Morais. Mother—Now. Willie, you told me a falsehood. Do you know what happens to little boys who tell falsehoods? Willie (sheepishly)—No. ma’am. Mother—Why. a big black man with only one eye in the center of his fore head comes along and files with him up to the moon and makes him pick sticks for the balance of his life. Now. you will never tell a falsehood again, will you? It is awfully wicked.—Pock. Reason For Hit Popularity. Stranger—The whole town seems to be turning out to this funeral. The deceased must have been very popu lar. Native—Stranger, he was one man in a million. After be bought his car he gave everybody a ride that he had promised to.—Judge. Wine Tasters. When wine tasters are employed In their professional duties they never swallow the wine they taste. They merely hold a sip of the beverage in the mouth for a few moments and' breathe through the nostrils.—Ex change. An Alternatives. Passenger—Do I have to change cars In Chicago? Excessively Polite Conductor—Not necessarily, madam. You can go back to New York if you want to.—Life. Koreans and Chiness. While the Chinese do not care for alcoholic drinks, but are addicted to eplum. the Koreans tike strong drink and do not care for opium. The Box Was Good. Wlfe-Charles. wasn't that a good box of cigars I gave you on your birthday? Husband—I nevar saw a setter box. my dear. USE DOGS AS BLANKETS. Hew Prensfi Knife Orlwderp Keep Warm While at Werfc. Every viaitor to one of the great Paris stores will have noticed counter* covered with table cutlery of the char acteristic French pattern—broad, curv ed blades and horn or black bone ban dies, excellent steel and very cheap. Almost all this is made at Thiers and by band. But there is no external sign of manufacture, and a traveler might pass through the town without suspecting s great Industry. The swift flowing Durolle supplies power at the bottom of a deep and narrow gorge, on the steep side of which the apparently sleepy town la built At one story below street level we came to the forges of the chief firm. Here, with extraordinary quick ness and skill the knives are hand forged — blade, blit and tang —from steel bar, then tempered one by one. and two atortes lower down, at river level, In a long, dark, damp cellar, they are ground, and it la the method of this process, unique so far as I know, that makes the industry of Thiers worth a moment's description. The river turns a score of emery wheels about a yard In diameter, and above each of these Is s narrow, slop ing platform six feet long and two wide. Along each of these, fist and face downward, lay a grinder, man or woman, grasping a blado by the two ends and pressing it by tbs whole weight of the body against the r* volvlng wheel just below. The long row of stretched out bodies gave a grim impression of something be tween a field hospital and a mortuary. The foreman assured us that It was much easier work thus to press against the wheel by one's weight than to ait and press by the force of one’s arms. But to lie thus almost motion less all day long In a dank cellar, far below the ground level, la about aa dreary and unhealthy a way for a hu man being to pass hla life as can be Imagined. The place itself cannot be warmed, but to keep at least a little heat In their bodies and stave off rheumatism as long as possible the grinders have adopted the extraordi nary expedient of training dogs to lie all day upon them—dogs of all sorts and alses. There they lay, curled np ou the backs of tbeir owners’ thighs, living hot bottles.—Sir Henry Norman in Scribner’s. ' BEAU FIELDING A PUZZLE. He Was the Enigma of English Booial Life In His Day. Beau Fielding was a young man of fashion In tbe reign of William 111. His bouse was sumptuously furnished, his hunters, hacks and racers were of groat value, and “he kept a table of princely hospitality." He had no os tensible source of Income, yet appear* sd to be rolling in wealth. All that was known of him was that bo was the fifth son of Thomas Wilson, an Impoverished gentleman of Leicester shire. Evelyn describes him as a very young man, “civil and good natnred, but of no great force of character," and "very sober arid of good fame.” All attempts to discover his secret were vain. “In his most careless hours oi amusement he kept a strict guard over his tongue aud left gossip to conjecture what it pleased." He redeemed bis father's estate and portioned off bis sisters and when re monstrated with on bis extravagance replied that, however long hta life should last, he would always enough to live in tbe same way. Some said It was he who bad robbed the Holland mall, for which another man had suffered: others that be depended upon tbe gambling table, though he never played for large sums. He was tbe enigma of social life till his career was cut short by a duel. His adversary was at that time a young man about town like himself, John Law, who afterward became tbe founder <ff tbe famous Mississippi scheme by which half of France was rained. When tbe mysterious Beau died he left only a few pounds behind him and not a scrap of evidence to enlighten public curiosity. Vegetable Ivory- Vegetable Ivory is the product of the plant known among botanists as Phy telephas macrocarpo. It is a native of Boutfi America, found chiefly on the banks of the Magdalena, Colombia. It Is mostly found In separate groves. In damp localities and upon ground that bears no other form of plant life. Tbe seeds contain a milky juice which, as it ages, hardens until it becomes a valuable substitute for animal Ivory. 'A Subtle Dig. “Wed. weel." said the bailie to tbe Assessor, when a youth was brought up before him for some trifling offense, “ye ken we rannnn be ower hard on the pulr fallow. We were laddies since oorsels, and I suppose I was as big a fule as ony o' them when I was young.” “And you’re not an old man yet, bailie." said tbe assessor blandly.— Youth’s Companion. Fruity. “Do you expect this romantic torn of yours to bear any practical fruits?" “I do. I have now a date with a peach, who is tbe apple of my eye. and with whom I expect to make a pair when I have picked a few plums, unless she hands me a lemon In the meantime."—Baltimore American. One Way to Fay. “Has Owen ever paid back that $lO you loaned him a year ago?” “Ob. yes: be borrowed twenty-five more from me last week and only took fifteen."—Boston Transcript A Wireless Message From The Dead By F. A. MITCHELL We are moving so fast in scientific discoveries that lost in wonder st wbat we know, we have no time to consider what our attained knowledge is likely to develop in future. For instance, we know that an electric current may be transmitted without any other medium than the atmos phere. We also know that functions of tbe body, if not electric, are a force something like electricity. When I was a boy I was constantly finding myself saying something to a (companion who would say. “Why, 1 was Just about to say that myself!" At the time I considered this a coin cidence. Now 1 believe it to be a power I possessed In receiving the mental impressions of others by a sort of wireless process. I studied medicine and became a doctor. Then daring hospital work I broke down and. though it was between winter and spring, was obliged to go to tbe country to recoup. I stopped at a house that looked down a valley, and the view was un interrupted. I uaed to sit on the porch wrapped In ruga and enjoy tbe view in the sunshine. About a mile dis tant was -a house that bore evidence of having been built in colonial times. It was not by any means a farmhouse, but something quite handsome. The architecture was that peculiar style involving a porch with pillars. One night 1 was awakened by tbe sound of wheels stopping right under my window and thought 1 heard some one call “Doctor!" I raised the sash and pat my bead out through tbe win dow. A man In a wagon asked me If I was a doctor, and I said 1 was, whereupon he begged me to come with him at once. 1 dressed myself unwill ingly,' went downstairs and got into the wagon with him. 1 asked him to tell me about tbe nature of tbe case I waa expected to treat, but could get nothing out of him. He seemed entire ly absorbed in some powerful emo tion. We were but a few minutes in reach ing our destination, drawing up before a bouse with pillars from the porch to tbe roof. 1 Inferred that 1 had come to tbe house about which 1 bad so often dreamed. Tbe door was opened by a woman in a short petticoat foil at the bipa. a kerchief across her boaom and a dainty cap on her bead. Bbe looked very much troubled. “Come upstairs." abe said. 1 followed her up a winding stair and -the woman ftrinn sd a door with a glass knob. I entered the sick room to see a young woman lying on • bed with four high poets surmount ed by a canopy. On one ride of her was a man bolding one of her bands; on tbe other side was a young girl bolding the other. These two looked at me with that mate appeal a doctor la so often obliged to meet. As I drew near tbe bed tbe girt with the Invalid polled down the bedclothes, and I saw at once from blood stains and temporary bandages that my pa tient had been wounded. I was not a surgeon, but felt obliged to perform a surgeon’s part. I examined the wound and saw that it waa near tbe heart, so near that i wondered that the wound ed woman lived. There was nothing that I could do for her except bind up tbe wound In a more professional man ner and await results. Presently I saw ber gasp, and be tween gasps she said to the man be side ber: “Yon are convinced of tbe unjustness of your suspicions?" “Yes, yes; forgive me." “I forgive you. Goodby." She fell back dead. Amid a wall of those present I re tired from the root!£ Notwithstand ing the tragical circumstances, I could not but notice the costume of those in the house. “What singular per sons!*’ I said to myself. “Not content with living In a colonial house, they adopt tbe colonial costume." This was especially marked in their collars, which were like those I had seen in pictures of America's early settlers. I was ushered out by tbe woman who received me and driven back to my home, where 1 went to bed, remaining half awake, half asleep, for tbe rest of tbe night. Now, there was something uncanny about my visit and I hesitated to talk about it to those In tbe bouse. I asked if any of the family had beard a wag on stop before the bouse during the night bat no one bad beard any such sound. This induced me to maintain a reserve about my visit Presently I ventured to ask who lived in the house with pillars and was told that no one lived there. It bad been un occupied for many years. The last tenant bad vacated some thirty years before. I asked if anything peculiar had taken place there, but no oue had beard of anything unusual. But be fore returning to tbe city I beard from a very old resident of the region there was a legend that long before tbe Revolution a murder had been committed there. A man in n fit of Jealousy had stabbed his wife. And now In this second decade of the twentieth century I have come to believe that tbe scene I witnessed took place as 1 saw It many years ago: that ft was stored somewhere; It may be In some soul across tbe border, possibly one of tbe participants who flashed tt to me by some such process as a wireless operator will flash a message from one ride of tbe world to another.*' «as vert iHßtsat) Slate-Wide Prohibition Breeds Bitter Hatred COLONEL THEODORE ROOSEVELT, FORMER PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, AND NOTED TRAVELER AND AU THOR, HAS THIS TO SAY: “Tie good citizen will demand liberty for himeelf, and ae a mat ter of pride be will see to it that all othere will reoelve the liberty which he thne claim* ae hie own. “Probably the best teet of true love of liberty In aßy country is the manner in which minorities are treated in that oonntry. Not only should there be complete liberty in matter, of religion and opin ion, but complete liberty for each man to lire hi* life ae he desire*, provided only that in so doing he doe* not wrong his neighbor*. "Wide difference of opinion in matters of religion* and political and social beliefs must exist if oonscitnc* or intellect alike are not to be stunted, or if there is to be healthy growth. Bitter internecine hatred based on snch differences are eigne, not of oarnestnee* of belief, but of that fanaticism which, whether religions or anti-religions, Demo cratic or anti-Dcmocratic, is itself bnt a manifestation of the gloomy bigotry which he* been the chief factor in the downfall of so many nations." In his wide travels and painstaking investigations of govern mental matters, Colonel Roosevelt has been brought in close contact with tbe methods employed by various nations in dealing with the license question, llis observations have convinced him that control by fanaticism ami gloomy bigotry the downfall of govern ment. Any state which adopts State-Wide Prohibition confesses to the world tliat its people are incapable of governing themselves. A Vote For State-Wide Prohibition Is a Vote Against Local Option VOTE NO ON STATE-WIDE PROHIBITION THE COLORADO BUSINESS MEN’S HOME RULE LEAGUE Regeneration By Legislation Compulsion Makos Hypocritoa and Not Converts. An ominous sign of the times la the apparently wide-spread disposition to shift responsibility upon the govern ment. A former chief Justice of Con necticut. in an address, saw this dis position in the vast number of things which American citizens had been commanded to do, or prohibited from doing, by regulative and restrictive enactments, and concluded with this significant remark: “We have not yet reached the condition of the an cient Peruvians, whose daily lives were minutely regulated by govern mental authority, but we are on a stream which flows that way." That honesty in a nation must rest upon Individual character and that re generation must begin with the indi vidual, seems to be lost sight ot. The sole talk of the political agitator, and too often of the moral upllfter, is ot reform by legislation. Rabbi Hlrech, Chicago: "The best safeguard against drunk enness is that drinking should be eu- Joyed openly. The saloon in America is frequented solely by men, and a cer tain stigma attaches to those who are seen there. The worst thing in Amer ican social life Is the separation of the sexes. In Germany, where whole fam ilies are in the habit of drinking to gether In placet of public resort, where the wife accompanies the hus band as a matter of course, excess if not found, and the to>,e of the German cates Is as high morally aa that of the German homes." Government can enact laws estab lishing relations between individual*, but cauot put neighborly qualities Into men’s hearts. The law can compel a man to support his wife, but cannot make him love her. Legislative bodies can enact industrial legislation, but cannot put the spirit of fair-dealing in to the souls of employer and employed. Legislatures can pass drastic lawa regulating the liquor traffic, but can not legislate temperance, or ab stinence, or self-control iuto the heart of the citizen, things which are of more importance to him than all the laws that can be enacted in his be half. ' Fundamentals of Christian char acter and morality must be tbe worn of individual training and discipline. The spirit of a community that ia moral and honest will be unconscious ly reflected in its laws and in tho characters of the men chosen to fill official positions. But no amount ot zeal In executives and legislators cau create, by flat, public morality from a corrupted constituency. The legis lation which attemps to do so by mi nutely regulating conduct is Social istic and contradictory from all tho teachings of experience.—From the "Peace Forum," July, 1914; Monaignor. Harkins, Holyoke, Maas.: "I was here when the prohibitory laws were in effect in this state anC know the evils which existed under them. Under no-license In Holyoko there would be less drinking, but mors drunkenness." Bishop Chat. D. Williams, Michigan: "I am in sympathy with the pur poses those who advocate prohibition have in mind, but while their motives are ever so laudable, the means pro posed to accomplish the end are im practicable. In fact, I consld-r pro hlbltlon at this time wrong because it is destructive."