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How Long Is
Five Minutes? By BEN WINSLOW <awm«M> Every house In the little town of Ar deols had been wiped out by a “great conflagration.'’ That a village so In significant could be visited by a catas trophe of sufficient magnitude to war rant an application of the word “con flagration" may seem paradoxical, but. In view of the fact that every splinter of Its thirty-nine buildings was con sumed In the blaze, do other word would fit. Therefore the newspapers of West valla chronicled the fire flint wiped out Its little neighbor across the river as “a great conflagration." The facts, although given In painful detail In the columns of the press the day after the Are, were brought out more entertainingly during the legal proceedings that followed several months later. The people of the late Ardeola blamed the Osage Valley railroad for the calamity, and they were so firmly convinced that the soulless corpora tion was the cause of their loss that thirty-eight of them brought suit against the railroad. The one ex home owner who did not seek redress at the hHnds of the court was John Lester, although bis home was among the first to go. Lester was a lawyer and had been referred to by the press on several occasions as “promising." The other thirty-eight losers Intrusted their case to him, and In order that he might go Into the battle as the legal repre sentative of the people, with no Inter ests other than those assumed In that capacity he entered no claim against the railroad. It was a very generous act Indeed, considering that the people he repre sented, having lost their all, could pay no retainer; In fact, the amount he could recover, If any at all, being en tirely problematical, no promises of compensation were given. That It was to be a bitter fight was evident. The railroad company, not satisfied to let Its legal representative at Westvalla defend It, sent down three of the shining lights of the law to assist him. They were on the ground the second day after the thirty-eight petitions were filed, whipping their case Into shape for trial. The thirty-eight petitions were Iden tical. with the exception of the name of the petitioner, and they set forth that the Osage Valley railroad owned a bridge extending across the Grand liver from Westvalla to Ardeola. the said bridge being a drawbridge, and the said draw being operated and con trolled by employees of the said rail road company. On the day of practically the Instant the Are start ed—the draw of the bridge, having been opened by employees of the rail road company to allow the passage of a tugboat, also owned by the said com pany. became clogged, and by reason of the said clogging of the said draw the Are-flghtlng apparatus from West valla was delayed In reaching the scene of the Are, the bridge being the only means of communication between the two towns; and furthermore, that by reason of the above-mentioned de lay the fire gained such headway that the Westvalla fire department was un able to check It. It was upon the facts set forth In petitions that the homeless Inhabi tants of Ardeola hoped to recover. The first move of the railroad's attor neys was to secure a consolidation of the petitions, agreeing to pay full dam ages In each Individual case If they lost the case that went to trial. When Lester agreed to that propo sition the petitioners became uneasy lest they had ffiade a mistake In In trusting their cases to the young man, and when he called only two wit nesses—one plaintiff to establish the fact that the fire had occurred, and the driver of the Are engine to prove that the open draw had caused con siderable delay—and then rested his case, a majority of them were quite sure that they had made a mistake. The railroad attorneys were taken off their feet by Lester's procedure. They expected to see the entire mem bership of each of the thirty-eight fam ilies on the stand; but they recovered quickly and began calling witnesses. The only point they made was that the draw was open only five minutes. The operator of the draw testified positively as to the time, and he was followed by the bridge flagman with testimony equally positive. They both stated that they fixed the time by the arrival and departure of passenger train No. 98. They testified that the train cams Into the bridge block at the Westvalla end at elght-twenty-flve and crossed the bridge at eight-thirty, and the en gineer, fireman, conductor and brake man on No. 95 corroborated their tes timony. The petitioners were disappointed In the cross-examination conducted by Lester. The only questions he asked -tended to establish more firmly the fact that the draw was open only five minutes. "How much time do you desire for argument V* Inquired the court. *T am satisfied with what time the other side desires." replied Lester. The railroad company's Westvalla representative thought he saw an op portunity to gala «tn advantage. He knew Lester's ability as a court ora tor, and even before the trial he had Intimated to his assistants that to choke off Lester’s talk would be a de cided advantage. A hurried consultation was held by the four railroad lawyers, and as a result the Westvalla representative stated that five minutes was sufficient. *T am satisfied with that, also," said Lester, dashing the remaining hopes of the thirty-eight petitioners. They had counted not a little on Lester's argument to the Jury, and they knew that it took him more than live min utes to get warmed up. Mr. Stansbury was selected by the railroad attorneys to do their talking, and he devoted his five venule* to driving home the fact that 'he draw had been open only live minutes, and that five minutes was too short a time for the Are to gain enough headway to be beyond the control of the Are de partment Therefore the total destruction of the town must have been due to other causes wjth which the railroad com pany had no connection. Though short. It was a splendid argument delivered In Stansbury'almost captivating man ner, and It carried conviction to the minds of the Jury. While the railroad lawyers were con gratulating their orator the eyes of the petitioners were on Lesler. It was his tarn to talk. StansbnT'a masterful argument 'would be picked to pieces and his laurels dragged In the dust. Lester rose from hls seat, and with the customary "If the courf™please." and “gentlemen of the Jury," he ad dressed them from hls place at the table. "My friend of the other side, with eloquence that would move an Impge of stone, has convinced yon that the draw of their bridge was open only live minutes, and that In that short time the Are could not have gained sufficient headway to be beyond the control of the Are department when It Anally reached the ftccne. Will one of you gentlemen kindly take oat hls watch?” The Juror on the left end of the first row produced a large silver time piece. “Now," continued Lester, “will you kindly call time when my flve minutes Is up.” He parted the tails of hls Prince Albert and sat down. The petitioners were panic-stricken. Was the man mad? He was wasting valuable time. Why didn't he pitch Into Stanshury's argument and tear It Into shreds as he did the arguments in the debate last year? Why didn't he say something? But Lester settled himself comfortably In hls chair, closed hls eyes and Idly twirled hls thumbs. The Juror holding the watch low ered bis hand to rest In on hls knee, add the court crossed and recrosMcd Its legs. The railroad lawyers were nettled. They scented danger and put their heads together for a whispered consuttatloh. The other Jurors craned their necks to see the watcti. The Juror holding It looked It In the face with a puzzled expression on hls own; then he put It to hls ear to see If It was running. The Judge uncrossed hls legs and tilted back In hls cbalr, and Lester continued to twirl hla thumbs. The silence became oppressive. All eyes except Lester’s and the timing Juror’s were Axed on the big clock over (he bench. Surely the Juror’s watch must have stopped. He examined the second-hand closely to satisfy himself that It was turning. It was moving, but so slowly that he thought the watch must be running down. He wound It Industriously, and ths noise, magnified by the deep silence of the room, resembled the clattering ratchet on a si a eking-off windlass. The spectators began to get fidgety, pierc ing the silence with hravy sighs, nerv ous coughs and much nose-blowing. Finally the Juror called "time,’’ and the court led a concert of sighs like escaping steam. Lester came to hls feet. “Now. gentlemen," he remarked dry ly, “you know how long the draw was open. II Is for you to decide whether or not flve minutes was long enough for the Are to get beyond control." In considerably less than another flve minutes the Jury was In with a verdict for the plaintiff, swarding ev ery dollar demanded. Thus was sliencs golden. Origin of Household Words. Anyone Interested In the history of dress might And amusement for many an Idle hour simply Id searching out the meanings of many of the words used by dressmakers and haberdash ers. Take tlio simple word enreet. You will And that It Is a diminutive of “corse," or body—a word which we still have In corpse and corps. And It was early used In the plural, as we do now, first to Indicate an entire gar ment, and then merely the atay portion of such a garment. Similarly "bodice," which has recently been revived as a substitute for the overworked "waist," Is merely a plural for body, the term originally being “a pair of bodies." Ben Franklin's Advice. "If you would be wealthy, think of saving os well as getting. Let na then be up and doing, and doing to the pur pose. One today Is worth two tomor rows. Never leave that till tomorrow which you can do today. We may make these times even better If we bestir ourselves. Industry need not wish, and he that Uvea upon hope will die fasting."—Benjamin Franklin. The Race's Need. Take the human race as a whole. Its chief need Is not more land.'hut more sense, more Industry and a more Intel ligent use of what It has already.— Houston FoaL An Aphorism Falls Down. Genius has not yet been able to otter an aphorism that would hold good la every Instance. ' "Familiarity breeds contempt," they say. Every notable poet, essayist or artist whatsoever has left a tribute to bis mother, either by personal tribute, or dedication or through symbolism, of love for hla mother. Yet no other man has over found such expression, however sub lime, that could meosure up to hla own Idea of hla mother’s virtues. And where Is familiarity so pronounced as between mother and son?—Seuttla Post Intelligencer. Teeth to Blame. The worst criminals seem to lie the teeth. The Paris Medical takes a new fling at them, blaming them for sins usually charged to wronged, misjudged tuberculosis. “Baude Insists that with enlarged glands In the neck, the pri mary lesion should be sought In the teeth, before Incriminating the tu bercle bacilli, and urges that the physi cian . should Insist on the teeth being put In order as an Indispensable ele ment of whatever treatment he la in stituting." To Reduce Flesh. To reduce superfluous fat you must work. Your path will wind through many lanes of self-sacrifice before your mirror will give back the coveted wil lowy Image. Yonr attainment of the Ideal will mean hot work, too, for vigorous exercise Is necessary. A dally walk of flve miles should not be ex cessive If you are In good condition. Give a fair trial to the tonic baths so helpful for many girls who complain of "tired feelings." Ornamental Trees. As ornamental trees the Japanese and Chinese persimmons are entitled to high rank. When the trees are In full leaf they are handsome without other adornment. The trees loaded with orange and orange-red fruit* are among the most striking objects In the garden. All thrive In California, and not elsewhere except in some southern states. Population of the Earth. In 1787 the population of the earth, according to Buschlng, waa about L -000,000,000; In 1900, according to Fabrt and Stein, only 900,000,000; In 1883, according to Stein and Horschel man, 872,000,000. In 1888 Diet rid es timated it at 1.206.000,000 and Kolb, In 1865, at 1.220,000,000. According to the latest calculations the earth Is in habited by 1,400,000,000 human beings. Where Sardines Art Found. Sardines are abundantly found ©B the Galician. Andalusian and Canta brian coasts. This fish varies In length from approximately 4% to 7H Inches and weighs from 24 to 68 grams (0.864 to 2.898 ounces); occasionally larger specimens are caught Explained. Willis—" What caused the row be tween Rump and hls wife?" Glllls— "They went out to a theater last night and Bump hired a taxi to take them home. When the driver asked him where to. Bump said, ‘Home,’ and the driver said, ‘Which one?’" —Judge. What They Left Behind. We know of a lot of men who didn’t leave much behind them In the way of actual cash accumulated but they did leave families rich In the memories of the happiness they had while they were alive. Absorbing the Sun's Heat. According to an Italian scientist’s figures a square mile of the earth's surface In six honrs of sunshine re ceives heat equivalent to the combus tion of more than 2.600 tons of coaL A Pathetic Figure. When a woman who married a man to reform him llvea to be sixty years old without becoming a widow, she Is abont as pathetic a picture of ani mated weariness as one ever sees. War Macaroni. Somebody Is complaining of the else of the war macaroni. We hnve always preferred the 44-calibre kind to the sort they call wermlceUl, aa Samlvel Weller would say. Armament of the Monitor. The armament of the Monitor, which defeated the Merrimac, constated of two eleven-inch guns, throwing 180- pound shot. The Better Way. It Is better to worry about what may happen and get busy to prevent It than to spend a lifetime worrying after It has happened. Enough to Go Around. Don't Imagine that you’re getting all the hard luck or nil the good luck, hecauae that never happened to any body and never will. Knew She'd Bought One. Wife—l attended the mammoth aalo today. Hub—Where ore you going to keep the darned thing! Dally Optimistic Thought. Riches without charity are nothing haft charity without riches Is evidence of true worth. SEEK TO SAVE OLD VESSEL Effort to Bo Made for th# Preservation of Admiral Farragut's Flagship, the Hartford. Fnrragut’s old flagship, the Hartford, Is lying at Charleston. S. C.. and Is con demned to an Ignoble end unless Amer ican patriots rescue her from the scrap heap. The flagship of the first admiral of the American nnvy Is already a dis mantled bulk, the bully old boat that distinguished herself In the battles of New Orleans, Port Hudson. Grand Gulf, Vicksburg and Mobile Bay, and which wus the home of that gallant, fighting sailor, Farrugut, during the entire Civil war. The Hartford Isn’t going to the bone ynrd If the associated veterans of Fnr ragut’s fleet enn help It. There isn’t n great number of tho veterans of those wouderful old days left, but enough of them to stir up American patriotism with the rattling old slo gan : “Don’t give up the ship!" The voice of the late Admiral Dewey avis raised on behalf of the historic Hartford, ns well as that of every vet eran organization in the country. The efforts to save the ship hnve found ap proval In the person of the secretary of the navy. She Is only a wooden ship, Is the old Hartford, and was built In 1858. But she was built on the graceful lines of the clipper and was the apple of Admiral Farragut’s eye. It was la her rigging thut Farragut lashed himself during the battle of Mobile Bay and slum led hls famous conintund : “Damn the torpedoes! Four hells ahead, Drayton." THE REASON Bunny—Why dl«l you divorce yuur husband? Mrs. Crow—Oh! for “rnws." Brave English Woman. In the British munition factories, lomch equipped with fireproof gowns nnd cups, green veils nnd resplrutors, the brave "canary girls,” their hair uuo •kin turned bright yellow, worked In the dangerous trotyl. Fuse makers there wore who had to get their fuses correct to the thousandth of an Inch. Women from the universities, special ists in science and mathematics, work ed as tool setters; others moved 00- pound shells with ease. Women, again, worktsl In the tullor shops and can teens connected with the arsenals, or, clad In leggings and mackintosh, did trucking ami carrying like strong men. These Kngllsh women not merely showed industry nnd spirit nnd fervor, but they set upon their work the seal of valor. Their lives were In con stant danger from the materials In which they worked and also because the factories were chief objectives of air raiders.—Yale Review. Submarinism. When history sums up this war It will not be the fer«»clty of the Gertmin submarine campaign that will be re membered so much as Its fatuity. Na tional pride cannot live down a repu tation of colossal and abject failure. The Inability of the submarine to pre vent the transportation of an Ameri can nnny to France will be reinein- Itered. The. German submarine will take Its place with the Spanish Ar mada anti Napoleon's retreat from Russia ns a Symbol of ruthless nnd humiliating defeat of the pride and folly of Imperial power.—The DIf.l. Couldn't Get Even. An Alabama doughboy had troubles galore with a mule: "Ah Just couldn't take any Interest In tint mule. The others were all right. I>ls one, first crack outa de box, done bit tnah finger. Den. while Ah’m 'r-nm- Inin’ mah finger he ups an' kicks me In de pants. Den dose bush Germans started a gas attack. "I was s'posed to put tfns masks oo deni mules an' den on tne. I put masks on two of dem. "Den I led dls ornery one around In dat gas foah two hours, nn' dog innh eats, nothin' ever hnppeRrd to dat mule a talll" More Rapid. "In some respects you are greater than Napoleon,” remarked the faithful attendant. "But," protested the deposed ruler, "Fm down and out." "Yes. Your finish Is very much like Napoleon’s, snd It took you n very much shorter time to reach It." Songs of the Soil. This Is the day when every happy young member of the women’s land army Is singing "If ever I marry in all my life a farmer's hrlde I'll he,” and when the would-be farmerette rises at morn and sings "I dreamed I dwelt In overalls."—Loa Annies Times. ALL HE WANTED TO KNOW Interview With Ono Doalor Satisfied Bhovol Maker That H# Had Na Need to Worry. Many delightful villagers appear In Miss Rosalind Richards’ “A Northern Countryside;" there are people amus ing and lovable, eccentric and pathetic. Old Eliphalet Marston. hero of one brief anecdote, stands out among them all aa the best exemplification of the principles on which real business suc cess Is founded. Ellphnlet, who built and owned the shovel factory, made It hls study to produce the best-wearing and the soundest shovel that could be made. In later life hls son tried to induce him to go about through the country, look up hls customers, and do what he could to Increase trade. The son was very emphatic about It. It was what every one did, the only way to keep up-to-date and advertise the business, and Eliphalet must not become moss grown. The old man shook hls head, but after much discussion consented to start off, although he was not real ly persuaded of the wisdom of the sug gestion. He went to a big wholesale dealer In Chicago, but did not mention hls name —merely said he was there to talk shovels. "Don’t mention shovels to me," said the dealer. “There’s Just one shovel that’s worth having, Just one that’s honest, and that’s the one that Tm handling. There It Is,” he said, pro ducing It “Look at It! That’s the only shovel that’s msde In this coun try; made by a man named Marston, at Marston Plains, state of " Eliphalet chuckled and went home. —Youth’s Companion. CUSTOM FOR CUSTOM’S SAKE English Chureh Authorities Continue to Distribute Coins, Though Rea aon for Doing 8o la Forgotton. In accordance with ancient custom, six-penny pieces were distributed on Good Friday In the churchyard of St. Bartholomew-the-Great, West Smith- Held, to 21 widows resident In the par ish of St Bartholomew. The coins were dropped upon one of the flat tombstones by Corporal W. H. Irons, R. B. (under church warden), and the widows, whose ages ranged from eighty-five to sixty, were required to pick them up. Concerning the origin of the custom, nothing is definitely known. Until Mr. Butterworth, some thirty years ago. Invested a sum of money sufficient to assure what was needed to continue the custom on Good Fridays, the distribution was In danger of being discontinued, inas much as there was no fund from which the money was supplied. Until then the expense was borne by the church wardens. The nave of the church once stood upon the spot where the money Is now distributed, but was destroyed at the time of the dissolu tion of the monasteries. Mr. Depaty Turner, who died last year, bad con ducted the ceremony for 30 years.— London Morning Post. New Chapter In Anthropology. It Is an extraordinary chapter In an thropology that Prof. Wood-Joncs, of the University of London, reads In the Talgni skull and associated remains discovered In New South Wales In 1880. The antiquity sug gested Is far greater than that of the European ancient skulls, and. Instead of being descendants of the anthropoid apes, the human race Is shown to have been so highly developed as to hnve boats and domesticated dogs before the apes appeared. This skull, distinctly human and highly mineralized, was In a stratum with extinct poached ani mals. Bones of dingo dogs were found In a similar stratum, and with them bones of extinct pouched animals that had been gnawed by the dogs. Only pouched animals were known In Aus tralia at the time of Captain Cook. Australia has been an island since pouched animals were evolved, and It la argued thnt the Talgni man must have come in a boat with hls family and dogs. Something to "Greet" About. Persons casting about for something to worry abont may take pleasure In recalling from "The Little Minister" the manner In which self-styled simple folk in Scotland regnrd the northern lights—“the devil’s rainbow," Waster Lunny called It. “I saw it sax times In July month,” he saltf, “and It made me shut myo*en. You was out admir ing It, dominie, but I can never forget thnt it was seen In the year ’l2 Just afore the great storm. I wns only a laddie then, but I mind how that awful wind stripped a' the standing corn In the glen In less time than we’ve been here at the water’s edge. It was called the dell’s bosom. My father’s hlnmost words to me wns. 'lt's time eneuch to peet, laddie, when you see the au rora borealis.'" Wnster Lunny was greeting" o’er the drought then, but twelve hours inter the Quharity was out of Its banks, washing out the corn and with a year’s store of wool on Its crest was dnshing out to sea. j * How to Un th. Ttlephon.. Telephone experts declare that if a twreon .peaking over a phone hold, the transmitter four inches from hls month It Is equivalent to adding nbout 220 miles to the lino over which he Is XT"*; O"*—- using a telephone Is one of the common causes for Indistinct transmission. The best hSIf « a ineb b . , ° l | nC . d by ,11 °' Vln * about ‘“ ch ,0 intet vene between the £°"' h * nd “>• trnnsmttter, according to Popular Mechanics Magatlne. " The Scrap Book SOME DIFFERENCE OF OPINION Proving That Vtaadars Can Navas Agree on the Merite of Authoro Who May Ba Famous. A chap wreta to me a while ago, says Elol, and said he was thinking of taking up the reading of Mere dith's novels as an Indoor sport. What did I think of Meredltb. etc.? I replied that 1 hadn't read a whole lot of Mer edith but In • brief characteris ation of hls works I would say that he was, dull. dreary, slow, stale, flat, unprofitable, humdrum, monotonous, uninteresting, unentertaining, unlively, unimagina tive, Insulse, dry-as-dust, Insipid, prosy, prosing, prosaic, turbid, opadous, ob fuscated. fuliginous, amblguonw,* cloudy, foggy, nublferous. vague, loose, tiresome, Incomprehensible, amphibo logical, flddlefaddle. Impossible, ate. .Today he answered my note to tell me he has Just finished rending “The Ordeal of Richard Carvel"—or some thing like that—and that he finds Mer edith Is persplcadous, penetrating, argute, nlmhle-wltted, dazzling, clever, snappy, poppy. Interesting, spell-blnd fng. true-to-llfe, sapient, rational, re flecting. dandy, fine, ludd, transpicu ous, unambiguous, lntelllglble-to-tti» meanest-capacity, touching, tender, Iro mortul, rich, unpnrogoned. Immense, glorious, delicate, nice, unimpeacha ble. etc. The duffer's name Is Incognito. We are glad Elol tells us who the chap Is. From the style, we had sup posed hls name was Peter Mark Roget. —Cleveland Plain Dealer. Village Quickly Replaces Forest. The war Is making many changes In the landscape of the United Btates ss well as In Europe, bnt while those across the water are nearly always of a tearing-down natnra the changes here are of the building up sort. Thns, where a pine forest stood six months ago, a model village Is now springing Into being at the site of a shipbuilding company's plant near Pascagoula, Miss. Landscape artists, engineers, and ar chitects have pooled their talent to bring about the most practical and at tractive arrangement of streets and dwellings. The town Is msde up of shout 300 workmen's cottages each of which Is made to differ somewhat from ■II Its neighbors. A modern hotel Is being established for transients and every sort of utility necessary for a city. Nature also con tributed her share for In ths center of the city Is a beautiful park. Wheth er the war lasts one more year/or ten more, this little made-to-order village, no doubt, will continue to live for ages. , How ths Battls Occur rad. “So yonr boy Mike has gone to th* war?" “And sure he has that" “They’ve had a great battla pver there. I’m hearing." “It's the gospel troth." “So yon heard about It?" “Sure and I did. Didn’t Mika tell It to me on a postal?" “What did he say?" “Sure he said: One day General Pershing came out of bis tint and •ays. says he. Is Mika Brady here?* and Mike saya, *1 am/ and hs says, •ays he, ’Let the battle go on* I" Japanese Pencil Industry. Tn 1011 Japan Imported 68,000,000 pencils, most of which came from America and Germany. But with the opening of the European conflict Ger man sources of supply were cut off, and native manufacturers, who had been producing only In comparatively •mall quantities, seized their oppor tunity and made the most of IL Ths result was that In 1916 the Japanese manufacturers were able to supply the demand and to furnish 168,000,000 pencils for export In Shelter. “What has become of the dove of peace?" "She’s safe, but not visible. The A merlon n eagle has taken her under bis wing.” Footnotes. The Sportsman "What are those pedals under the organ used for?" The Bookworm—" Those are for foot notes."—London Answers. At ths Art Exhlbltlen. "Look at these statues, Jane. How do you suppose they got so broken up?" “Maybe they were stored at the same pises our furniture was." A Matter of Principle. Mother—What do you want another doll for? You have dosens. Little Elsie—l know It but I an firmly to race suicide. Explained. "What Is a dual personality?" "Oh, that’a what .a chap and a girt discover that each has after being married a week or so." After Thslr Quarrel. Of course you speak to Lena when you pass her?" “Indeed, Ido not. Why, I don't oven notice what aha bag on 1"