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RADIO TRIUMPH Method Discovered of Communi cating With Submerged Submarines. YOUTHS ARE LUCKY FINDERS Revelations Coma Whan Rssearchsra at Work on 3om«thing V Single Turn Loop Brings Amazing Results. Washington, D. C.—ln a general way It la known that during the war a method waa found to communicate with a submerged aubmarlne from shore or aea. How this la done and liow It came to be discovered that It could be done not until now haa been made public. Like a good many other revelatlona It came when the reaearch ere were at work on another problem. The aclentlata of the radio aectlon of the bureau of atandarda stumbled on tta secret and the lucky ones to sus pect It were two young assistants not long out of high school. Their experi ments and the development of what la known as the “loop aerial" for subma rine radio communication by the bu reau resulted In a device ho simple and perfect, and producing aucli won derful results, that the navy has adopted it and la equipping all its un dersea craft with this Htyle of loop. In the fall of 1017 a series of experi ments was undertaken by the bureau to develop an apparatus for the detec tion of enemy aubmerslhles. J. A. Wil loughby and P. D. Lowell were en gaged In the work. They had a notion that a closed or rubber encased coll of wire offered the best chances for success. They made one und threw It one night into a tank of fresh water on the grounds of the bureau neur Chevy Chase. Md., a suburb of Wash ington. To their delight they received a signal from the big radio stutlon at Arlington. The next night they suit merged the coll in the tidal basin of ths Potomac near the new nuvy build ing. Again the signal came with no difference In strength whether the loop or coll was suspended In air or sunk In the river. Discovery Significant. The significance of this discovery struck both young men. Here was a way possibly to detect the presence of enemy submarines, but surely to talk with our own. which was equally Im portant, had been thought impossible. This was In November. In December Improvements In the submerged coll brought the reception of signals from Lyons. France; Paris and Ran Diego, Cat. By March last year excellent signals were received on a single turn coll 150 feet long hy sixty feet high having a wave length of 100 meters by 15,000 meters. In April Mr. Willoughby discussed with Lieutenant Commander H. P. Bt. Clair of the radio division of the navy. ENGLISH SAILORS AT “GYM" EXERCISES Prince Albert of England ou board the training ship Exmouth watching aallors at gymnastic evolutions. CUBAN VOODOOS SLAY Keep Parente on Island in Con stant Fear. Authorities Act to Prevent Further Hi*, man Sacrifices by ths Worshipers. Havana. Cnha.—With the recent sud den outbreak of cannibalistic practices by voodoo worshipers, which have re* suited In the deaths of at least throe Innocent children and a half dosen of th<* voodoos, the latter hy the applica tion of "lynch" law for the first time In this country's history, fathers and mothers arc living In constant fenr that their little ones may he spirited away by tlie superstitious negroes to he offered up In sacrifice to “Chango," the god of the “Brujos," aa they are called In the Castilian language. Tlie voodoos are divided Into vari ous sects, each with Its separata god. the use of loops on submarines for both transmission and reception under water. Both he and Mr. Lowell were sent to New London to work under Commander McDowell In charge of the base, to Install the apparatus for a try out on submarine D-l. It Is a simple contrivance, the metal frame of the aubmarlne Itself being a part of It, this being used as a “ground" just ns the earth is used In hand telegraphy. The circuit Is thus made complete. As flnully perfected the loop consists of two Insulated wires grounded at the extreme ends of the hull carried over suitable supports to the conning tower and thence through "radlo-lead-lns" down into the boat to the receiving and sending apparatus. A single turn loop was used on the D-l. With Its top submerged three feet signals were received from a submarine chaser three-quarters of a mile away. Beat Used aa "around." A new type of loop was tried on the U. 8. S. 0-3, In which the lead-in wires were brought In from the upper side of the loop Instead of the lower and the entire loop was lusulated from the RAISULI BANDIT OF RARE CHARM Washington, D. C. —That relentless bandit. Ralsull, the Villa of Morocco, whose present raids have caused a po litical crisis In Spoil), has another side. "He could not hour to hear a child cry. while on several occasions I no ticed Ills care even to avoid allowing the bees collected on his cup to drown," is the surprising statement, not of a friend, hut of the wealthy American who was held for ransom by Ralsull In 1901, until President Roosevelt sent a fleet of war ships and his famous ulti matum. "Perdlcarls alive or ltulsull dead" to Morocco. lon Perdlcarls' own story of his ad ventures as the prisoner of the “Moroc can Robin Uood" Is told In a communi cation sent by him to the National Geographic society soon after his re lease. "In many respects the man Inter ested and attracted me. In spite of all my natural motives for dislike." said Mr. Perdlcarls. "Ralsull was at once so gracious and dignified, not to us only, but to his own wild adherents, who evidently idolised their chieftain, whose position among them seemed that of the head of s Highland clan in the olden times. Haa a Superior Character. “He was quick to see the humorous aspect of a situation, while his repartee was as Immediate and to the point as though he had been born In County Galway Itself. In fact. I discovered to my consternation that I was beginning to like the mun, In spite of my natural resentment. I found myself uncon sciously accepting his contention that The latter Include “Babagueye," god of sickness; “Elecua.'’ god of Injury; “Oiorruun" god of misery, and “Chango," the terrible god, to whom tinman sacrifices are made. “Chango,” according to the voodoo belief, was the son of Oiorruun and Anaragun. He was slain by Elecua, the “god of Injury," and ascended Into heaven from a cetba, or god tree, In the month of May. It la In the month of May. therefore, that the “Brujoe" observe their holy week, when Chango Is expected to make a weekly visit to the earth, deacendlng hy the celbe, his sacred tree, always on Monday. The followers of Elecua do not di rectly offer human sacrifices, although their healers sacrifice the lives of some patients by giving them poisonous con coctions, supposedly s mysterious cure for some aliment, in order to restore to health some other patient. Elecua, being the "god of Injury," his follow ers believe that good can come to one MBJBXKB HBBAIiD. hull. Better, but not satisfactory, re sults were obtained. Up to this time the frame of the boat had uot been used as a “ground." The lower side of the loop was re moved and the ends of the wire fas tened to the bow and stern. The top of the loop was submerged eight feet; signals from Nauen, Germany, were clearly heard. Very sharp Indications of direction were obtained when under water or on top of It. And soon other stations were heard, Including Carnar von, England; Rome, Italy, and vari ous merchant vessels. Later experi ments showed that communications can be carried on at sea under all con ditions more efficiently with the closed loop aerial than with the ordlnar; antenna now In general use. When a submarine equipped wilt the perfected apparatus Ih submerged any North American or European sta tion can be received ns distinctly as when it is on the surface. The maxi mum depth of submergence at which signals con he heard is determined by the wave length: Slgnnls can be transmitted from the loop to a distance of ten or twelve miles when the submarine is com pletely submerged, the maximum dis tance being obtained when the top of the loop Is practically at the surface. The distance decreases to two or three miles when the loop is eight or nine feet below the surface. be was not a mere brigand or cattle lifter, but n patriot struggling to res cue bis Berber followers from the tyr anny of the corrupt shereeflan officials. His charm of voice, the natural poise and dignity of his muniu-r, Ids self control under provocation,—ull be trayed a superior character. He Is. In fact, a horn leades, and with a certain statesmanlike'quality. He deplored the condition of Ills country, the feuds which separate the trlla-s, the many deeds of violence and the lil«*od so use lessly she I. “While standing near Ralsull one day on the village green, of which we were now allowed the freedom, one of his followers caiue up from Tangier, almost breathless from his haste, to re|>ort the urrlvul of the two American squadrons. The mun described how the eight frigates had entered the bay, one after another. "I watched Ralsull with anxiety, lest apprehending the landing of murines, with s view to our relief and his own capture, he might endeavor to drag ni to some more dlstaat and Inaccessible retreat. What was then my surprise when, looking up with a bright smile, he said: ‘Well, I think I enu now con gratulate you !* “‘I do not understand you,’ I re plied. “T mean,' answered Ralsull. 'that the presence of these vessels will lead the authorities at Tangier to make such representations to the sultan as may result in hie acceding to my de mands, and then you will be able to re turn to yonr friends.' _ Fart as Frisntfs. “The next morning it was still dark when our men began loading the pack mules, and we reached the crest of the mountain, which lay between ns and Tangier, Just as the sun rose. “At last the mules, bearing the silver dollars, carefully packed lu boxes, ar rived; but now luncheon was again served In honor of Mulal Ahmed, and must be partaken of. after which the bullion was counted in another room. “ The silver,* said Ralsull, address ing me, 'has been counted—s2o,ooo. ns stipulated. In Spanish dollars, hut these letters,’ allowing me as he spoke a check book containing certified checks on the Comptolr d’Escotnpfe. the French bank at Tangier, 'of the value of these, which are supposed to represent $50,000, I know nothing. However, I will accept them on your personal guarantee.’ “When I had examined the checks certified hy Torres and El Gannain. the sultan's delegate minister of fi nance. I gave the required assurance verbally, and lUtsull, leading me to the door, where I found my horse wait ing for me. bade me adieu, saying thnt he had learned to look upon me ns a friend and that he hoped I cherished no 111 feeling on account of my deten tion." person only through Injury to an other. Voodoolsm Is not practiced by the negroes alone. Many white persons also are said to aecretly take part In their religious meetings, and accusa tions have been heard In various quar ters of the difficulties encountered hy officers seeking to break up their tem ples because of the obstacles placed In their way by persons of Influence. An active campaign by the authorl tlea In Havana and other parts of the Island have resulted In the rap ture of numerous “Brujoe" and the seizure of many curious and weird ob jects used by them. Reward fee Glebe Flight Hoqusm, Wash. —Deed* to 1,000 acres of Gray's harbor land, lying within what It has been hoped for years will prove an oil belt, are to be placed In a local bank as a reward for the aviator who firsts encircles the globe. George J. Hibbard, a Seattle at torney, makes the offer, and has set the time limit for winning the land at Aug. 1, 1030. MANY RETURN TO WORK MAJORITY OF TRAINMBN HAVB GONE BACK TO WORK ON COAST. SOME STILL DEFIANT PACIFIC COAST TICUP ON RAILS BROKEN AND TRAINB ARE moving again: Western Newspaper Union Neve Service. Los Angeles, Cal., Aug. 80. —By a alight majority 2,000 switchmen und yardmen, who have been ou strike here, voted to return to w*ork. The vote wiim taken at a mass meeting, which was uildressed by A. F. Whit ney, International vice president of the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen. Following the vote, those who ballot ed not to return to work declared that, despite the result, they would not return to work. I.os Angeles.—The four local broth erhoods, including trainmen, conduc tors, engineers und firemen, following a meeting here, voted hy a two-thirds majority to return to work. The action of the men brought to an end a railroad tie-up without prece dent in the history of the West. It caused a cancellation of trauseontl nental trains, left many points in Cal ifornia without malls for days, and threatened a water famine at desert |m>liits dependent on railroad lank cars for their supplies. Heeding the announcement of the government that it would run the trains at all costs, and the determina tion of United States Marshal T. Walton of Los Angeles that all trains in the strike area would he given ade quate protection, railroad strikers be gan to return to work throughout southern ('allfoniiu. What was regarded as a critical situation in fruit transiNirtation in the Fresno district was saved when the striking yard and switchmen deter mined to return. Following a visit hy A. F. Whitney, a vice president of the Brotherhood of Kullrond Trainmen, striking workers at San Bernardino expressed a willingness to return to work. Probably Victim of Revenge. Denver. —Investigation of certain threats made against the life of George G. Yvlcln, sluin head of the bootleg squud of the Denver police department. Is believed hy the police to hold the most promising clue to the identity of the assassin who shot Klein from am bush ns the detective wus alighting from Ills automobile at the side of Ills home. A reward of SI,OOO has been of fered hy Commissioner of Safety Frank M. Downer for Information leading to the arrest und conviction of the mur derer of Detective Klein. The Police man's Protective Association also of fered an additional SIOO. Anarchists Take Three Towns. I-ondon.—The towns of Kuplsnsk. sixty-one miles east-southeast of Kharkov, and Pavlovsk, on the Don river, ninety miles south-southeast of Yoronesh, have been captured by the Bolshevik!, according to a statement is sued by the Husslun soviet govern ment.- Aviator Is Fined. Kansas City. Mo.—On a charge of flying his airplane within ten feet of the roof of s farmer's house, Charles 11. Levy was fined $25 and costs for disturbing the pence In a Justice Court at Dodson, Mo. Chinese Killed In Mexico. Nogales, Aria.— I The badly mutilated tiodlcs of two Chinese lessees on the I .os Allsos ranch, thirty miles south of the bonier, were found In a cabin on the ranch. The men who found the l»«slles declared thnt the victims had been killed on Aug. 21. One body showed five knife wounds and the other man had lieen killed with an ax. The crime Is said to have been pen petrated hy some person whose mind had been Inflamed hy the propaganda which is Itelng circulated against the Chinese In Sonora. Americans to Found School. Brussels.—The Belgian government has accepted the proposal of Herbert Hoover, director general of the Inter allied relief organlkatlon, that the final assets of the Belgian Relief < 'onitnlssion, amounting to about $16,- •SUMWO, he devoted to the creation of a foundation for the higher education of children of the workers and people of limited means. “Make Mexico Safe for Americana." El Paso, Tex. —Intervention In Mex ico and the adoption of the league of rations “to make the world safe fo» American clt liens," were urged by Gov. W. P. Hobby of Texas, In a speech made at a dinner given In his honor here. This announcement was made in the presence of Mexican Consul Gen eral Andres G. Garcia and other Mex ican officials who were guests at th« dinner. He said, "The lives and prop rrty of American citizens should h« protected In Mexico." GREAT ACHIEVEMENT OF STOCKMEN BY ADDING MUCH MEAT TO 1918 OUTPUT Nat a V,ry Ooa4 Plooo for Hogo—CMan Pan, and Abundanea of Extrclaa Will Da a Qraat Daal Toward. PMetini Hoga Prom Chcl.ra. (Propvod birth. United Itoteo Depart meat of Agrloulture.) American dreseed-meat production. Including lard, amounted In 1018 to 30,129,000,000 pounds—a quantity , nev er before approached In magnitude by the livestock Industry of this or any other country. The corresponding fig ure for 1017 was 16317300,000 pounds. Three-fourths of this enormous In crease was In pork and one-fourth was In beef. The meat surplus In 1018 was so great that extra export demands made little Impression on It, although 1018 export shipments of meat and lard nearly doubled the 1917 figures, rising from slightly less than one and three fourths billions pounds to slightly more than three billion pounds —and these figures do not Include Shipments to American military forces abroad. The aggregate 1917 consumption of dressed meat and lard In the United States was approximately 14,500,000,- 000 pounds, hut In 1918 It rose to IT",- 250,000.000 pounds. This means, after allowing for Increase In population, an addition of 23 pounds for every man, woman and child In the country, de spite the food-conservation campaign w’hlch In 1917 caused consumption to decline considerably. How Shortage Became Surplus. “While the people as a whole, through their abstinence averted the Immediate crisis. It was the fanner who was the really big factor In the ultimate situation." says the bureau of animal Industry, United States de partment of agriculture, which Is au thority for the foregoing stutement. “The producer, of course, was expect ed to do his part, but did It with such powerful effect that in s single year the meat shortage was turned Into s pronounced surplus. Thus In 1918 there was not only meat enough to supply all foreign demands compatible with the restricted shipping facilities but a greatly enlarged quantity was avail able for the home consumption. “To be sure. It coat the farmer more, very much more, to feed his animals and get them to market. Likewise all other steps from producer to consumer GRASSES OF UNITED STATES Department of Agriculture In Recent Bulletin Gives Much Informa tion on Subject. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture ) Tt should be worth something to the farmer to know about all the species of grasses that are native, have JRvrt Introduced, or are cultivated In the United States. The United States department of agriculture has tv cently Ipsued that Information 10 Bulletin No. 772. Under each genus are given the species that are of economic Importance, either as use ful or harmful grasses. The grains, of course, are of greatest Importance. Next come those that are cultivated for mendow or pasture and other In digenous species that furnish pasture on native pastures and ranges. CRIPPLES SHOULD BE KILLED Do Not Permit Sentiment or Tender- Hearted nose to Overrule Good Common Sense. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) All cripples should he killed Imme diately on being removed from nest or Incubator. Do not allow sentiment or tender-hesrtedness to overrule good business ability or common sense. Weaklings and runts will not pay any dividends. Do notuinvest too much time or feed on such. Production of Baby Boat. The proper care of the calves from birth to weaning time Is Just as essen tial to the successful production of prime baby beef as the care and feed ing from weaning to marketing time. Keep All Coope Opan. During hot weather he sure that the coops for the chlcke and the houses for the hens ire kept well open, day and night, so.that they will be as cool as possible. Scares aa Dodo Birds. People who allow surplus fruits and vegetables to spoil In the garden In summer and buy canned garden prod nets In winter will soon be as scares as dodo birds. Sunflower Silage. Dry land farmers are having success In raising sunflowers for silage, the sunflowers to be fed with corn. This crop Is especially adapted to high val leys became more cfistly; hence the high prices. But the unprecedented pros perity of the people as. a whole en abled them to afford the Increased cost. In foct, laboring people prob ably consumed more meat during the past year than In prewar times." Quantity Increases “Remarkable." “The total number of cattle slaugh tered In 1918 Is estimated at 15,750,- 400,” says the bureau, “as against 18,- 728.900 In 1917. Their average weights were practically the same for both years, and the beef produced from them was 6,080,000,000 pounds In 1017 and 7.641,000,000 pounds In 1018. Thin wns a remarkable achievement, as It hnrd’y would have been credited that beef growers could Increase their pro* ductlon a billion pounds In one year. "The hog matures quickly, therefore a much more rapid Increase would be looked for than was the result with cattle. Even so, the results for 1918 can be described only as stupendous. The hogs marketed in 1918 numbered 09,854,700, us against 57,483.800 In 1917. Furthermore, the average weight was 9% pounds more per hog In 1918. Thus, when the animals ure turned Into pork and lard we have a total pro duction of 11325.664.000 pounds In 1018, as agnlnst 8.478.289.000 pounds In 1017, an Increase of 2,747.355,000 pounds, or 32.4 per cent, nearly one third." Btr!klng Increases In exports are also shown by the bureau. Beef ship ments abroad In 1918 were 94 per cent more than In 1917, the chief 1918 Items being 514.000,000 (Ktunds of fresh beef and 141,000,000 pounds of canned beef. Exports of pork and lard In 1018 amounted to 2,270,287,030, which was 71.7 per cent more than the quantity sent abroad In 1017. The hurean shows that In the aggre gate more meat by far Is eaten In the United States than In any other coun try In the world, although some sparse ly settled countries raising much meat have a larger per capita consumption. It also says that there Is room In the United States for a great expansion In tho use of mutton and lamb. WAYS TO PREPARE POULTRY Seme Fanners Simply Chopped Off Heads and Dipped Careaas In Steam to Lessen Feathera. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) When farmers prepared the poultry for market the process of killing end picking was an Individual matter. Rome simply chopped off the head, dipped the carcass In water heated to the steaming point to loosen the feathers, rubbed these off, and. If the weather was cool, kept the bird out of doors or In a well-vent Hated room until It was taken to market. Poultry so prepared has a greatly shortened keeping time, and the eating quality Is lowered even before decay has begun, because the desirable “ripening" that does so much to Improve flesh does not occur. LIVE STOCK NOTLS The number of animate might be Increased on many farms. Uniformity In ths else of pigs 1s something worth laboring for. • • • Oats may often he used advanta geously to form a part of the ration for brood sows. • as Rye Is not as good a feed for pigs as corn and should be ground and fad In the form of a slop. • • e Rheep raising should be encouraged chiefly where the land and other con ditions are suitable for IL see Drugs are relied upon by stockmen altogether too much for keeping ani mals healthy and thriving. • • • Alfalfa and corn make a balanced ration of work In the haying and corn plowing season. see To he successful In raising hogs, we must give the brood sows special at tention and care at farrowing time. • • • The young calves should be fed from buckets as dean as those used In handling tho milk for human con* sumption. o e e Hogs stand confinement well and may be kept In pens or small pastures better than other animals raised os (he farm.