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ALL FARMERS ASKED TO GRADE UP HERDS
AND FLOCKS BY USE OF PURE BRED SIRES First Three Daughters of Bultana's Virginia Lad to Freshen. <Prepared by the United State* Depart ment of Agriculture.) Looking forward to future food needs of the country’s Increased popula tion, the United States department of agriculture. In co-operation with the stute agricultural colleges and other agencies Interested In live stock Im provement, announces a national bet ter live stock crusade, to get actively In motion October 1 under the slogun of “Better Sires —Better Stock.” The plan is to hasten the replace ment of the multitude of scrub domes tic animals In the United States with purebred or high-grade stock and also to Improve the quality of purebreds themselves. It has been evolved through long and careful observation of the live stock Industry In this coun try and after extensive consultation with specialists and breeders. Nation's Milk Average Low. For many years this country has contained thousands of the finest spe cimens of live stock In the world, but In spite of that fact the quality and productive capacity of the average farm herd and flock Is still low. For Instance, the average dairy cow In the United States yields about 4.00 C pounds of milk a year, a figure scarce ly two-thirds the average production In some European countries, such as Denmark. The United States has thousands of cows which have milk yields of more than 12.000 pounds— •double the Danish average—but on the | •other hand It has hundreds of thou-! sands which are kept for milk and yet yield only a small fraction as much product as the best cows, though re ceiving nearly as much feed and care. The difference In milk yield Is due In large measure to a difference In breeding, but a herd of low production can be Improved rapidly by the use of a purebred sire from a family .of high producers. Mars Sirloin on Wall-Brad Cattle. Among all classes of live stock a similar condition exists. Proper breed ing of beef animals results In better and more uniform stock, having a greater percentage of desirable cuts of meat and a smaller quantity of bone, offal, and Inedible parts. Likewise In swine, sheep, goats and poultry pro duction, the kind of parent stock large ly determines the quality and market value of the products. The crusade of Improvement now to be undertaken Is the outgrowth of Investigations In genetics, of live stock observations In many countries, and a close study of public opinion. In most live stock re gions of the world a gradual evolu tion toward better live stock has been taking place place for centuries. The rapidity of these changes has an Im portant bearing on world commerce and on the prosperity of the nations In which Improvement has been great est. Individual and community efforts In many cases have resulted In marked live stock progress In small areas. The Islands of Jersey and Guernsey are familiar examples of this kind of ac complishment, but no large country so far has endeavored In an organised way to Improve all Its live stock si multaneously. Live Stock Men Kqual to Task. Ofldals of the bureau of animal In dustry and others who have consid ered the problem from every angle are convinced that It Is possible to hasten the natural course of live stock evolu tion with benefit to the nation. They are confident also that the live stock men of the country are eager to under take the task. The means of accomplishing most •of the Improvement, which affects about 200.000.000 head of live stock, besides poultry, will be through wider distribution and Increased use of pure bred sires and dams. Once the use of purebred sires t»e comes general throughout the coun try. the process of grading up will be rapid. Many experiments and also practical experience, when good sires are used, show that within three gen erations most of the Individuals In a scrub herd headed by a purebred male resemble purebred animals In appear ance. In a few more generations, un der skillful breeding, the former scrub stock Is graded up to such an extent that for production of meat and other animal products, they are practically as useful as purebreds. The chief dif ference between a “high-grade” ani mal and a purebred Is In the value for breeding. Only the latter can be used In producing purebred breeding stock. Moreover only purebreds are eligible to registry. « Official Emblem to Be Furnished. The department of agriculture through Its co-operative state agencies is preparing to supply live stock rale •era with printed Information that tells In popular language the best animal Average Yearly Production of Two- Year Oldst Milk. Butterfat Lbs. Lbs. Daughters 9.C79 61» Dams 4.M2 M 9 Increase 4.654 200 breeding methods and the advantages to be derived from their use. In addi tion the department of agriculture Is to furnish an official emblem, suitable for display, to every farmer agreeing to use only purebred sires and In other ways to co-operate In the better live stock effort. To obtain the emblem a farmer or breeder will he asked to fill out a simple blank showing the number and kind of live stock he pos sesses and also to declare that all his male breeding animals are purebreds. From the number and nature of the blanks received the department will be able to measure the progress of the crusade, and nt the same time obtain valuable statistical Information which will be made public at suitable Inter vals. The betterment of the nation’s live stock Is by no means a new Idea. The topic has been discussed at length from public platforms and In the ag ricultural press for many yenrs. Ag ricultural colleges, hrrtfders’ associa tions. various live stock organizations, banking and business Interests, live stock Judges and experts—these nnd other forces are responsible chiefly for the progress already made and the sentiment for further development. Organisation of Campaign. A general co-ordlnotlon of the work, however, now seems desirable, with a minimum of red tape and a maxi mum of red blood. 8o far as the ac tivities of the department of agricul ture In the crusade am concerned, the bureau of animal Industry, In co-opera tion with the state colleges of agricul ture, will be responsible for live stock policies especially the breeding work and scientific problems. The states relations service of the department will work In co-operation with the col leges of agriculture for carrying the plan of action through the extension divisions to every live stock owner who can be reached. County agents and other field workers of the depart ment and the colleges will he local sources of Information and assistance. While It Is believed that stockmen of the country naturally look to agri cultural officials to Inaugurate a cru sade of this kind, the problem pri marily Is one of adequate production and effective distribution. Responsi bility for success depends accordingly on breeder* and all live stock owners. Response to Will of People. For several months the deportment has been making an analysis of live stock sentiment as expressed In the farm press and In correspondence re ceived In its various offices. Of all the topics discussed the need for a better quality of domestic animals has been pre-eminent To make the crusade against scrub live stock most effective the deport ment welcomes constructive Ideas and suggestions from all sources. The fol lowing classes of live stock are to be Included In the campaign for Improve ment : Cattle, horses, asses, swine, sheep, goats, and poultry. In spite of the conspicuous merits of the task about to be undertaken, there are also a number of obstacles. It Is recognised that sentiment In fa vor of purebred sires, while strong. Is by no means unanimous. To win the support of those who, through lack of Interest or opposition, fail to take their port In the crusade against scrub live stock Is one of the problems to be met. The cost of desirable, purebred sires Is another Important factor which has long been an obstacle to live stock Im provement. Co-operative ownership divides the expense considerably, and the Increased value of the young stock raised also helps to overcome that ob jection. In addition the campaign Is expected to stimulate a greater pro duction of purebred breeding stock of good quality. LIVE STOCK NOTLS Id summer, when the owner Is busi est, sheep require practically no care at aIL • • • Breed the mares to the best-bone, closest-coupled stallion to be found In the vicinity. ess The land upon which sheep graze Is gradually enriched, -the ground be ing very evenly covered with the dropping*. CHASE ENDS YANKS RETURN FIVE BANDITB KILLED—FIFTEEN OTHERB CAPTURED BY TROOPS. TROOPS COME HOME COLONEL LANGHORNE RESPECT ED BY ALL MEXICANS ON BORDER. Western Newspaper Union News Service. Marfa, Texas, Aug. 25.—Colonel Uinghorue’s name Is respected by the Mexicans on the border. Hearing thut Chico Cano was In I’nlomn Springs, Captain ltoudinot took twenty troop ers and started after him. Near their destination they found themselves sur rounded hy 100 Carranza soldiers und were Informed that release would have to await permission from Ojlnugu. “Colonel Lunghorne will lie very angry if we are detained," said Captain BoU* dlnot. After holding a conference, the Mexicans announced that since the Americans were so few they might proceed. Marfa, Texas. —The first of the ex pedition to cross the border on the re turn to the United States, the pack and supply tralus, reached ltuidosa, according to telephone advices. The remainder of the expedition followed. Colonel said the expedi tion was considered a success from u military standpoint. He pointed to the killing of five bandit suspects and ar rest of six other suspeets by the Amer icans and capture of nine by Carranza troops at Coy atm*. The imiuediute reason for with drawal, he said, was that there no longer was any proH(>ect of capturing other Immllts ami there were no more hot trails to follow. In addition to recent eximrleuce with a Carranza patrol, the United States troops were In contact with Mexican federal* once previous dur ing the week. Tills was when a de tachment of Americans under com mand of Captuln Thurman Boudlnot was forced to pass a Carrunaz column opposite Indio, Tame. When the Mexicans were sighted, the Americans took up advantageous positions, ready for eventualities. Captuln Boudlnot iuformed the Car ranza commander he Intended to go south. The Carranzu officer asked Boudlnot for Ills orders and the latter told him Ids orders were to proceed. He continued then ultlioul hindrance, the expedition reaching a point fifty miles south of the border. A request thut Amerlean troops should not be seut Into Mexico was received by Colonel Lunghorne. The* request was from General Antonio I’ruiiedn, commander of the Ojlnugu. Mexico, district. He mude his request through Mexican Consul Cosine lien goechca at Presidio, where he learned the Amerleuns were prepuriug to cr<**> the border. Washington. Withdrawal of the American punitive expedition from Mexico was ordered.hy Mujor General Dlcktnan, commander of the Southern department. It was Indicated hy Sec retary Baker. There has been a bellel in official circles at the War Depart ment that the withdrawal was ltniai nent. Ts Try French Officer. Purls. —Georges Leyguew, minister o marine, has ordered thut Capt. Abe Itevault, commander of the buttleshif Mlraheau, be brought to trlnl fot stranding the vessel In Black sen. Smuggling by Airplane. Washington.—Smuggling and nun running on a large scale by airplane and submarine la looked for In the very near future by the conimlsslonei of Internal revenue unless prepura tlons are made In advance to defeat the twentieth century smugglers. Tin attention of tlie Treasury Department was directed to this new danger of eta ploying modem methods In smuggllnti hy the accidental rapture of an air plane that came urrosH the Canndlar border with several cases of contra bund liquor. Fight Confiscation of Fish. Duluth, Minn. —Officers of cold stop age companies declared they would fight the efforts to confiscate the 181), 440 pounds of fish seised on man It lor proceedings brought hy United Htntei District Attorney Alfred Jacques. Jumps from Train. Alliance, Neb.—C. J. Setter of Anna 111., on his way to Portland, Ore., tr visit relatives, believed to he sufferlm from temporary Insanity, Jiiiiiihml frou a passenger tralu near here and wiu Instantly killed. Triad to Purcheoo Rifles. Berlin.—The arrest of several civil Inns at Mlndcn, Westplmllu, on lh« charge of attempting to purchase 00. 000 stolen rifles for the Polish army appears to bo connected with extenslvi attempts to smuggle arms and amnm nltlon across the frontier from Grau dens. It Is seml-offldally denied thal the German troops or authorities are concerned In the disturbance In Uppei Silesia, although It Is admitted that some former German soldiers are In volved. MTEIBingR HERALD. The Nation’s Keystone ARE PATRIOTS ALL Trade Unionists Have Proved Worthy of High Position They Occupy. When the comparatively few trade unionists of our various communities paraded on Labor day, more than thirty years ago. their motives were questioned In I many Instances and newspapers gave them scant publicity. This year, when the hosts of or ganized lubor, now numbering • 3.0U0,- 000 members, inarch, they will be acclaimed by those who former ly even denied their purppse. John Mitchell. This changed public opinion has been gradual through constant agitation, education and organization, but It has been quickened the past two years be cause of organized labor’s prompt ac ceptance of autocracy’s challenge against democratic Ideals. Organized labor has not depended upon words to prove Its patriotism. Its whole-hearted support of the govern ment in the Crisis of war should l»e sufficient answer to any query on this subject. This support was of the kind that befits men and women Imbued w-lth our republic's Ideals, and who realise that when a government that Is founded on these Ideals falls the loss Is an Individual one for every Ameri can dtisen worthy of the name. Organised labor distinguishes be tween a government that rests on the whim of one man or a small group of men and a government of, by and for the people. Our 1010 Labor day celebration fea ture* this difference between the two systems of government which recently struggled for mastery. The thought behind these systems Is older than any nation. In truth, nations are but an In cident, but a process. In this struggle of tinman liberty and advancement versus the ancient theory of govern ment so well Illustrated by German Junkerdom. Organised labor Is not a peace move ment. While we long for the day of Industrial concord, when disputes be tween capitalists and laborers will not longer feature our Industrial life, we refuse to paralyse our movement by surrendering the right to strike against wrong when other methods falL Fartner* In Life's Work. At thla time several aspects of the labor question demand consideration. We need to emphasize thcmennlng nnd necessity of labor—to show that It Is hoth a law and a means of sendee. We need to emphasise the difference be tween productive labor that performs a service and makes wealth, and unpro ductive labor that wins wealth away from others and lives upon their toll. We need to emphasise the fact that In dustry la a partnership, and so It de mands the participation of all parties as partners In the enterprises. We need to realise that the relations In In dustry are human relations, and so It la necessary that the relations of men with on# another should be Just and brotherly relations.—Exchange. LABOR Out of chaos, out of work, I areas and did my work Whlla the ages chenged and sped I was tolling for my bread. Underneath my sturdy blows. Forests fell and cities rose, And the hard, reluctant sell Blossomed richly from my toil. Palacoo and Umpire grand Wrought I with my cunning hand. Rich Indeed wee my reward— Stunted soul, and body scarred With tho marks of scourge and rod. I, tho tiller of tho sod, From tho cradle to tho grave Shambled through tho world—a clave 1 Crushed and trampled, beaUn, cursed. Serving best, but served the worst, Btarv*d and cheeUd, gouged and spoiled, Still I builded, still 1 toiled. Undernourished, underpaid In the world myself had mad*. Up from slavery I rise. Dreams and wonder In my eyes. After brutal ages past. Coming to my own at last. I wee slave—but I am free! I wee blind—but I can see! I, the builder—l, the maker, I, the calm tradition-breaker, Slave and serf and clod no longer, Know my strength—and who lo stronger? I am done with ancient frauds Ancient lire and ancient gods All the sham Is overthrown, I shell take and keep my own, Unlmpaaolonod, unafraid. Master of tho World IVo madol BERTON BRALEY. LABOR’S RIGHT TO ORGANIZE Acknowledgment Merely Puts Work ingman on the Sam* Plano as tho Capitalist. If there In not a right on the part of the workingmen to organise, then there ought not to he a right on the part of capital to organise. It Is the organization that makes capital strong, and It Is not fair, from the legal point of view or any other point of view, to prevent the rest of the men dealing with capital from getting strength with organization that only organiza tion brlngn. I am for the laboring man. Justice must be done him or there can he no Justice In this country. We must all be partners In the game of government and no one man must be allowed to play the part of a hog.—Woodrow Wil son. Mark of Labor's Progress. The solid nnd gratifying progress of co-operative labor organizations In the United States was fittingly celebrated lost year by the dedication of the new central building of the American Fed eration of Labor In the national capi tal. Tho dedication was mnde hy President Wilson, after reviewing the labor parade, and his tribute to the un derlying spirit of organization In labor was cheered by men of all types and atatlona In life. Victory by Consecration. It Is the spirit of consecration that has enabled American labor to achieve In every field of endeavor results which a year ago were regarded as Impossi ble. It Is this spirit of consecration that enabled the American people workers and fighters welded Into a sol id army—to vindicate the freedom of men throughout the world. PASSED ALL TESTS Organized Workers of Amerioa Property Proud of Labor _ Organizations. Labor day, 1010. brings to the work ers of America the right to cheer and confidence In the trade-union move ment. There have been tests and crises that have proved Its funda mental principles; there have been opportunities that have tested Ita practical effi ciency. Through them all the trade-union move ment has made sure progress and Samuel Compere gained In confident vision for the fu ture. Every national and International, every local union affiliated to the American Federation of Labor, ha* made definite progress in securing for Its members greater advantages In those things which are fundamental of betterment In all relations of life. In some organizations the success has been phenomenal. Taking the labor movement as a whole there has been greater progress In securing the shorter workday than In any other similar period of time. The meaning of these victories can be Interpreted only In the light of full understanding of the meaning of the shorter day. The shorter workday Is something more than an economic de mand. It Is a demend for opportunity for rest, recuperation and develop ment; things which make life more than mere mechanical drudgery. ADVANCE MUST BE GENERAL Anarchy In Russia Proves That Labor and Root of Society Must Go Forward Togother. The future of tabor lies In stabilizing democracy. In that alone Is progress. One of the greot problems of # peace la to erect an Industrial democracy upon the solid foundations of political de mocracy. That can come If labor la patient and prudent and self-control led, hut it can never be brought about through tho application of theories of confiscation or class war. Autocracy has failed, and failed criminally, but the failure of bolshev ism Is no less complete, even though the consequences have been restricted to a single country. There Is no hope for the world In either. The fate of Russia proves that labor must go for ward with the rest of society. It can not advance alone. It cannot take everything nnd give nothing. If It ever tries. It will wantonly waste most of the substantial fruits of the war. Much Cause for Congratulation. Labor day Is always an Insplration to the organized workers of America. Nationally, ui»on this Labor day, the workers of America have much to con gratulate themselves upon. The past four years have resulted In the realiza tion of labor’s hopes, long deferred. In the enactment of law* guaranteeing the liberty of the tollers and their right to organize for their protection and advancement upon tho economic field.