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The newspaper. (Paonia, Colo.) 1904-1910, June 26, 1908, Image 1

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VOL. 4.
Your committee, chosen to investi
gate the various frost preventative de
vices and to ascertain the cheapest and
most practicable safeguard against
frost damage to fruit as applicable to
our particular auction and climate con
ditions on the Western Slope of Colo
rado. have, as per previous arrangment
and instructions, visited Redlands.
Riverside, Los Angeles, Fresno. San
Jose and other outlying sections in Cal
ifornia, where it seemed most advisable
to investigate, and your committee
can truthfully affirm that, after inves
tigating the various methods and means
of preventing frost damage to fruit,
throughout the fruit growing district
of California, which we visited, we saw
no individual demonstration of what can
done by heat to prevent frost dam
age, better than the experiments of
% few of our own energetic citizens on
the Western Slope of Colorado, during
last April, and while unprepared and
working unde/ adverse conditions, they
have achieved success, this having
Maxed the way for others to follow.
They deserve the thanks of our own
people for their faith, courage and
In support of oar own experiments
last spring, your committee has a large
accumulation of corroborative evidence
which leads us to believe that there is
no necessity for a grower to lose his
fruit crop under the degree of cold ex
fierienced here last Spring.
We were somewhat surprised to learn
that the growers in California do not
generally resort to smudging (as they
call It,) even in the sections where the
lowest temperatures are most prevalent,
but we were able to And in these sec
tions a few live, progressive, energetic
men who have practised smudging with
various devises and materials for aev
oral years, and always with perfect
We located and investigated a number
of interesting and successful experi
ments, one or two which it seems per
tinent to speak of. The superinten
4a. seven hundred acre orchard of
rus fruits related to us his experi
ence with a section of this orchard, the
fruit on which was invariably killed by
severe freezing, and the Syndicate
owning the same had ordered these trees
grubbed out and the ground seeded to
alfalfa. The superintendent begged
one more year to try and save the crop,
which he successfully did by burning
oil. Since then he has discarded oil and
is burning coal in small wire baskets,
one to each tree, with the result that
these trees were not grubbed out, but,
with the aid of heat, are each year ma
turing a crop.
A sample of this basket has been
forwarded to Grand Junction where it
may be seen and tested together with
other devices in the near future. The
cost of this basket together with a
stand* upon whioh it sets is thirty
cents. It is fair to aay however in con
nection with the above, that this man
discarded oil. which ia much cheaper
than coal in California, and used the
latter for the reason that he claimed that
the burning oil left a greasy aoot upon
the fully grown fruit. We do not
fink however that thiadeposit of toot
would be any objection In Colorado, aa
our fruit is ao small at the time of
firing that it has ample time to grow off
and disappear before the fruit is ma
tured. It must not be inferred from
the above that we learned of any gen
eral objection to the burning of oil on
account of soot, as this one case was the
only one which came to our notice.
Many of the growers on the coast
still maintain that the smudge or smoke
is the saving element for their fruit.
An interesting example of this theory
was a superintendent of a large orchard
in Santa Clara Co., who cut five gal
lon oil cans in two, making two pots of
each can. These he filled with crude
oil, using forty to the acre. When
suggested to him that it was the heat
which brought him success, he demured
and maintained it was the smudge or
smoke. Your committee did not press
the point.
Right here it seems pertinent to say
that your committee, after a thorough
investigation and study of the subject,
believe that smoke even in connection
with heat, forms but \ small element to
wards frost prevention, that heat is
absolutely essential, and that smoke
without heat, in our climate, is practic
ably worthless.
There are various devices and mater
ials used in California only three of
which >t seems desirable to make note
of at this time. First. The Occidental
Fuel Co. of Los Angeles, are making a
new smudge material which they put
up in sacks. It is made from shaving
and other waste material saturated
with crude petroleum. It bums splen
didly and is very effective in Southern
California, where it is being used.
But. the pots in which this material is
burned are rather expensive, costing
60 cents, ai d the material itself costs
SIO.OO per ton in California, and even if
it could be manufactured in our state,
tis price (SIO.OO per ton) as against our
cheaper coal and oil would bar it from
general use.
We now have oil and coal to be con
sidered. both of which are available in
Colorado, and in the judgment of your
committee, both may be made very ef
fective for frost protection if intelli
gently used by the growers. Under
our climatic conditions it would seem
impossible to bank smoke as a protec
tion against the sun’s rays on a morn
ing following frost. This being true it
only remains to make a sufficient and
intelligent application of heat which
will prevent the fruit from chilling,
and thus eliminate the danger from the
sun’s rays the following morning. The
question of expense, facility in prepar
ing, lighting and tending will no doubt
determine the nature of the material
used by each individual grower.
While oil, after first being prepared
for use with the necessary tanks, etc..
can possibly be handled from day to
day with more facility, lighted quicker
than coal with the assurance of a
steady heat under the oil is consumed,
and no particular care during this
On the other hand, coal would seem
much the cheaper fuel requiring no ex
pensive storage facilities, and there is
no doubt, if carefully prepared so as to
insure quick lighting, and given proper
attention throughout the night, a
steady heat may be maintained and
the required result acheived.
We neither saw nor heard of any ex
periments having been made, with
largs fires and few to the acre, and
would caution our growers to be care
ful about this experiment with large
fires, at Isast for the present, hut
rather to follow the beaten path of
small fires and many to the acre. The
smudging season, both in Colorado and
! California, having long since passed,
I your committee has had neither time or
opportunity to test out, the number of
fires necessary to be used, in different
l degrees of cold, in fact we believe that
this phase of the subject, will take
years of experience to determine, in
the meantime we had better use plenty
and succeed, than to use too few and
have our fruit chilled.
We have noted during our investiga
tions in California, that from forty to
eighty fires are being used to the acre,
the number lighted being determined
by the particular location, and the de
gree of cold encountered.
More fires being used on the outside
of the orchard than in the center, and
that it is the usual practice to light
fires, before the therometer gets down
to freezing, claiming that it is easier to
hold the temperature where it is than
to raise it after it has dropj below
freezing point.
As to the devices used in California
for burning crude oil and coal, the best
we saw being used there for burning
oil was the Froude (or so-called Bolton)
pot and the best device jre investigated
there for burning coal was the wire
basket, a sample of which we have.
We might say however, that coal is not
used to any extent in California for
this purpose, oh account of its exces
sive price, SB.OO to $12.00 per ton, in
carload lota, while oil may be bought
for SI.OO per bbl. freight added.
Your committee has not conducted
any series of experiments as to the
best device for burning either coal or
oil and therefore recommend none. In
fact we consider it more logical that
these experiments be conducted in our
own counties, and with the particular
material at hand, which we shall be
compelled to use. and we therefore
recommend that our different associa
tions, immediately appoint committees
who shall at once proceed to conduct a
series of experiments with the mater
ials we have at hand with the view of
ascertaining and recommending to our
growers, the best and cheapest device
for burning either coal or oil, and the
probable ' cost per acre of either
method. This information was impos
sible to obtain in California, many of
their methods were crude, their mater
ial, both coal and oil are different than
ours, which would render experiments
there questionable, when applied to a
different grade of m&tcrial here. As
there must be an expenditure of many
thousands of dollars by our growers in
preparing to fight frost it seemed de
sirable, before advising this expendi
ture to obtain corroborative evidence to
our own experiments m protecting
fruit in a low degree frost. Such cor
roborative evidence we have in plenty
and it is our firm belief that if any
grower in Western Colorado loses a
fruit crop from frost, with the same
degree of cold we experienced last
April, it would be because he is un
willing or unable to avail himself of
the material at hand for tiring and an
intelligent use of the same.
Respecttully submitted,
A. B. Hoyt,
Grand Junction, Colo.
Chas. Oliver,
Montrose & Delta Counties.
Geo. H. Sawade,
Grand Jet. & Palisade, Colo.
Dr. Smith, of Delta, eye, ear,
nose and thioat specialist, will be
in Paonia on Tuesday, July 7th,
at the Paoria Hotel.
What the Aldrich-Vreeland Currency Bill
Will Do.
Here arc some of the things which the Phladelphia North
American, a republican newspaper, says of the new currency law :
"This law will mean the turning i.vir if the treasury of the
United States to the gamblers of the New Y*uk stock exchange for a
period of six years.
"It wilt m.-an the making of ’g -od times’ and ‘oad times." of ‘bull’
markets and ‘bear' markets according to the pleasure of Rogers and
Rockefeller in the National Cuy bank and J P Morgan in the Na
tional Hank of Commerce
"It will mean not the slow ai d cer’ain movemen's of contraction
tnd inflation by the natural Ijws ol commnce. but sharp changes
forced at will by the master gmiblers
~"Tt will mean the gift to the chief enemies ol the nation of the
power to issue or retire halt a billion dollars, exciting speculation or
compelling disaster according to whichever hest suits theic bet
ting book
"What the effect will be upon the coming elections we v do not
know. We do not know what measure of punishment a long-suffer
ing people will inflict upon their betrayers ”
On Sunday evening at the home
of the bride’s parents. Rev R. N.
Smith spoke the words that
united for life the fortunes of Mr.
Lx le Sims and Miss Alta Williams.
Only a lew very intimate triends
besid.s the relatives of the con
trading parties were present. A
dainty wedding supper was
served alter the ceremony. The
young couple are well and favor
ably known in the community
and their friends will be glad to
know that they will make their
home in the-valley. They re
ceived many beau'iful presents
The business of Designing,
Contracting and Building carried
on in I’aonia by E. S. Cady until
Jan. Ist. 1907, and then taken up
by his son. A. J. Cady, is now re
sumed by E. S. Cady.
Any indebtedness incident to
the business incurred by A J.
Cady since May 15th, will be paid
by E. S. Cady, and accounts due
A. J. Cady contracted since that
date are payable to E. S. Cady.
E. S. Cady,
A. J Cady.
Soliciting your patronage I
take pleasure in referring to for
mer customers and guaranteeing
satisfaction. E. S. Cady,
Box 11, Paonia.
Bicycle repairing quickly and
neatly done at the Reliance
Machine Works.
Sare-DaL how.
On Monday evening at the
Methodist church. Mr. Chas. E.
bare and Miss ilermenia Dalchow
were united in marriage, John
Davis and Miss Maud Edwards
i stood up xvilh ihe couple. After
the ceremony a number of in
vited guests repaired to the Man
r inula Restaurant where a wed
ding supper was served. The
young couple will reside on the
Chas. Oliver ranch where the
i groom is employed. The News
paper unites with their many
Irtends in wishing them all man
ner ot happiness and prosperity.
Taken Up.
One Heifer Calf, yearling, roan
color, branded Z on left side. Call
at Van Deren Bros. Sc Co., ranch.
Old Osboldstone place.
We desire to state to our pat
rons that we will keep open until
9 o’clock on the evening of July
3d, but will be closed all day on
the 4th except from 6 to 9 in the
The Paonia Meat Market.
The Peoples Meat Market,
A Good Trade.
If you want a nice stock of gen
eral merchandise in a good W y
oming town in payment for a
truit ranch in this valley, and are
willing to trade on the basis of
SIO,OOO valuation, call at this
office for particulars.
XO. 47

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