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The Paonia newspaper. (Paonia, Colo.) 1910-1911, May 19, 1911, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90051108/1911-05-19/ed-1/seq-8/

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Work of the
Military Spy
O
NCE In a while an
army or navy offl
cer is arrested for
spying or attempt
Ing to obtain mili
tary secrets from a
foreign govern
ment. Practically
every government,
including the Unit
ed Slates, has a
law which makes
this a crime. Usu
ally there is more
or less secrecy
about the officer's arrest and trial. His
government repudiates his activity,
and if he Is sentenced to a term of
Imprisonment he receives no support
or kid from his government.
Within the last few months two
British officers. Captain Brandon and
Captain Trench, have been arrested
and tried and imprisoned in Germany
for gathering military information in
that country which might be valuable
to Great Britain in case of hostilities
A German officer. Lieutenant Helm,
was arrested in England f«>i sketching
and photographing British fortifica
tions. In the Philippines two Japan
ese officers were arrested while at
tempting to bribe a private to furnish
them with photographs of the fortlfl
cations of Corregldor. Manila bay.
These Incidents are only indications
of a general system of secret military
espionage which is In progress in all
parts of the world Although they will
not officially admit It. practically
* Te *7 government has a secret service
of army and navy officers whose duty
1» to travel in foreign countries to
gather information which might be
useful In time of war Because of the
shortage of officers the United States
has only engaged In this practice In
time of actual hostilities
Military espionage Is. of course, a
delicate subject, and It would be a
gross violation of International pro
priety for any government to admit
that ft had secret agents spying on its
neighbors However, It Is a well
known fact that this system exists
Not long ago officers of the war de
partment bad an experience which Is
still a mystery One of the most lm
port ant secrets of the army In recent
years has been the details of the fortl
flratlons of the Island of Corregldor.
which is situated at the mouth of Ms
nila bay. A British subject in the
city of Calcutta found on the streets
of that city a small packet of blue
prints containing Information of the
defense* of Corregldor Recognising
the character of the documents be
turned them over to the American
consul general there, who In turn for
warded them to the state department
at Washington Finally they found
their way to the war department,
where the blueprints were critically
examined The officers of the depart
ment were amazed when they found
that the blueprints contained all tne
Important details of the defences of
Corregldor They were duplicates of
the original plans, the whereabouts of
which have never been ascertained.
They were on a small scale, evidently
made th the idea of carrying them
In a pocket, and were very finely and
accurately drawn On some of the
blueprints were tabulations giving i.ie
heights of the guns . bove the sea
level, the location of searchlights, fire
control stations and other highly con
fldentlal information The blueprints
were not copied from any drawings
or charts prepared by the United
States, but were evidently made from
careful and painstaking research from
the official and confidential records of
the government.
The maker of the blueprints was
never Identified Officers of the war
department are confident that the blue
prints were based upon Information
which had been abstracted and de
llberately sold to a foreign govern
ment. But the most careful and com
prehensive Investigation which was
made by the department failed to dls
rloao the identity of the suppose
traitor.
About a year ago two Japanese offl
cera attempted to obtain photographs
of the Corregldor fortifications by
bribing an enlisted man of the Amcrl
can army. To the private, who was
in the engineer corps, was offered $25.
000 If he would agree to supply the
officers with the photographs they
sired. He agreed to do this and ns he
was the official photographer of the
corps no suspicion was aroused when
he made the photographs. He revealed
his knowledge to the military authorl
ties In Manila, however, who Instruct
ed him to proceed with the deal. A
trap was laid and tho two Japanese
officers were captured when they were
about to receive tho photographs from
the private. There was no law under
which they could be proaecuted and
they were released from custody.
Since then. however, congress has
passed a law covering such caaea.
Early In the police department
of New York reported to the war de
partment that maps and military infor
mat ion of a confidential character bad
been found In a trunk belonging to an
American who. the police believed,
bad !>een employed by a foreign gov
ernment. Ilia arrest had been made
In connection with another offence
and the discovery of these papers was
accidental.
In 1907 an American ambassador at
a foreign capital reported to the state
department that an army officer of the
country to which he was accredited
had been detailed to visit the Ameri
can countries secretly to ascertain the
strength of their forces. Ills mission
was thwarted, however, by the infor
mation furnished by the ambassador
The military authorities of every
first class power are constantly pre
paring for war Naturally they are
anxious to know what their neighbors
are accomplishing in military science.
Here develops the function of the
modern military spy. Fiction writer*
clothe the spy with a veil of mystery
and a supernatural cleverness which
enables him to get out of all danger
out pitfalls into which he falls But
the real flesh and blood spy Is a differ
ent person In these days of modern
and scientific warfare the s \ry has be
come a technical expert who must
be thoroughly versed in every branch
of his art He must l>e tactful and
above all close mouthed
The procedure In sending out a spy
is something like this: If the German
government wishes information which
It cannot get in the regular channels of
Information, some oflloer Is sent for
lie is summoned to the war office to
receive his Instructions In the case
of confidential work abroad he re
ceives oral orders so that he will not
have any documentary evidence In
case he gets into trouble. Having re
ceived his Instructions he starts out.
sometimes so secretly that even bis
family do not know where he Is going.
Usually he speaks the Innguage of the
country to which he is bound. Ills
Veal Identity for the time being la for
gotten. and he travels under an as
sumed name. If necessary, he uses a
disguise to cover his movements. If
he is a good spy he returns with the
desired Information and no questions
in regard to the methods that he em
ployed are asked If ho is captured
while engaged In his work he is pun
ished for attempting to obtain the mil
itary secrets of a foreign government,
and his own country lets him severely
alone.
The cipher code books by means of
which diplomatic correspondence is
carried on are often sought after by
these secret agents. Several years ago
the code book of the American lega
tion at Bucharest "disappeared." Its
loss was reported to Secretary of
State Elihu Root byte egraph. Mr
Root sent for the chief clerk of the
department.
"Mr Smith." said the secretary, "the
code book at Bucbarec* has been lost.
1 believe it is about time for us to
have a new code for »ur diplomatic
correspondence."
Some months later the missing book
was offered for sal** to the Japanese
ambassador at St Petersburg, who
purchased it for a small sum and as
an act of Vomity turned it over to the
American ambassador there.
A young man veral years ago ap
peared at the American in
Berlin and offered to sell to the am
bassador a copy of the state depart
ment's code book which he said be
had In his possession He left several
specimen pages to prove that hts
book was genuine A comparison with
the embassy's code l»ook proved that
he had the real code, but where he
had obtained It was a mystery. The
ambassador knew that a new code
was in course of preparation and
would shortly be distributed by the
department. The offer was politely
declined on the ground that the em
bassy had a code book of its own and
did not need another.
Porcupine-Eating Lions.
Lions have queer appetites Recent
ly a handsome animal was found dead
on the banks of the River Rahad.
close to the village of Mafaza. Su
danese Africa, and In his Jaws was a
porcupine, whose quills had pierced
his mouth and throat, and were evi
dently the cause of his death Anoth
er Incident illustrating the king of
boast's partiality for this prickly mor
sel. is reported by a hunter in the
Sudan. He says 1 shot a fine male
lion the other week, and on skinning
it found under the skin of the near fore
arm two of the sharp ends of porcu
pine quills about two and a half and
one and a half Inches In length, and a
third similar piece under the skin of
the off forearm. At the time I men
tioned to my native hunter that I
thought the presence of porcupine
quills In the skin of the lion remark
able. but he said that It was a well
known fact among the natives that
Hons are In the habit of eating porcu
pines."
Force of Habit.
"Good gracious, man. don't ail this
noise get on your nerves? How can
you stand all the screeching and yell
ing In the street outside?"
"Used to It. I’ve got five daughters
at home, and they all take singing lee
sons."
Chance to Save.
Ted —Would you marry a girl who
sued you for brench of promise?
Ned—That would depend on wheth
er ahe won the suit.—Lipplncott'a.
The Cedar Canal Will
Water Splendid Land
To the many who are inquiring
cbout the Cedar Canal and Reservoir
enterprise near Cedar in San Miguel
county, Colorado, I will say that I
have finished the survey of two res
ervoirs this summer, one of which will
contain ten thousand, seven hundred
acres of water one foot deep with a
dam requiring fifty-six cubic yards ot
dirt to the acre foot of water. The
other one will store about ten thous
and acre feet with a less quantity of
dirt in the dam. There is plenty of
dirt available for building the dams at
small cost and the reservoirs are
ideal for holding water.
These reservoirs are so situated as
to cover the entire valley of thirty
thousand acres or more, by means of
about eight miles of ditch to the up
per part of the land to be watered.
There are three other reservoirs lo
cated which can, and will be utilized
if needed. The water supply Is more
than ample to fill these artificial
l«kes each year, besides irrigating
the land during the early part - of the
season. I have been camped near the
Disappointment creek, which will sup
ply the water, since March 5, 1910,
and I took notes of the flow of water
in this stream and I know there is
enough and to spare.
The country has but few stones on
Whether for Business or Pleasure
TRAVEL VIA
Denver & Rio Grande R. R.
‘■THE SCENIC LINE OF THE WORLD”
It will bt to vour advantage and lessen the
tedium of the trip. The superior DINING
CAR and STATION LUNCH service is the
“Best in the West” and courteous treatment
is assured. All Rio G rande agents are in pos
ition to quote you rates, secure Pullman Re
servations and will gladly respond to all ques
tions as to train service, etc. Let us serve you.
FRANK A. WADLEIGH
General Passenger Agent. Denver, Colorado.
A Homelike Hotel
A Reasonably Priced Hotel
EIGHT BLOCKS FROM THE DEPOT
The Albany
Denver’* most Popular Hotel, caters to all
and can be depended on to give the
best of treatment. When in Denver a cor
dial invitation is extended to all to visit the
Albany, the center of life and activity.
Once a Visitor Always a Guest
S. S. DUTTON, Proprietor
WINTER TRIPS
No more attractive places can be found, especially in tbe
winter months, than those bordering on the Gnlf Coast where
the climate is at a stage of perfection and where yon will find
pleasure, health and profitable recreation
COLORADO & SOUTHERN RY.
Is the shortest and most direct route to all points south. Our two last
trains daily from Denver, Colorado Springs and Pueblo are equipped
with Electric Lighted Dining Cars and through Pullman Sleeping Cars
to Fort Worth and Galveston
T. E. FISHER, General Passenger Agent, Denver, Colo.
the surface. The prevailing rock Is
s< ndstone. The soil is deep aaA
strong, principally red soil covered
with gramma grass, some sage brush
and other shrubs in places, but all
easily cleaned and much of it natur
ally ready for the plow.
It will grow any crop that is raised
In Delta county. The fruit is simply
fine and corn is good for Colorado.
All small grain does well.
Plenty of wood and coal near and
there is a large pine forest within a
few miles of the valley where you
can secure your houselogs, etc., from
Uncle Gam. Plenty of cedars on tho
mountain sides from which the post
office "Cedar" takes its name. Com#
to Cedar at once and I will help you
secure a good home and will give you
all the work you want on the ditch tn
exchange for water stock. Better
come prepared to supply your own
outfit with whatever you will need un
til you can raise a crop. There aro
several thousand acres, on which
crops may be grown next year and
some of the land under the completed
ditch is yet vacant. Your water right
will cost about $25 per acre at present
price $2 per share.
GEO. ENOS.
Engineer in charge of Cedar Canal
end Reservoir.

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