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The Paonia progressive and the Paonia newspaper. (Paonia, Colo.) 1911-19??, June 15, 1911, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90051109/1911-06-15/ed-1/seq-8/

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The Art of Aiming
HE writer of this article
desires to impress on
the reader that all state
ments contained herein
are general statements
which special conditions
might render Inaccurate
or misleading.
It seems not out ol
place to go Into a few
details c< ncernlng aiming, and refer
to some the difficulties which confront
shooters. "I have a blur on mj front
sight or my rear sight/' Is a very com
mon protest from shooters of various
degrees of experience, and then the
natural assumption that " It must be
my eyes,” which It Is. but not as the
average sufferer Imagines. In aim
log one should practice first looking
at the object, and then bringing the
sights on the line of aim. Incidentally
and not primarily, 1. e.. do not attempt
to fix the gaze on the front sight and
expect to see the object clearly, slmul
taneously, because you are asking the
eye to perform the Impossible, and a
blur Is the Inevitable result A blur
sometimes results from the sights be
coming polished Lrlghtly and reflect
ing the sun. which produces a multi
plicity of front sights, and. of course,
occasionally from small pieces of foul
ing. Sometimes a shadow on one of
the sights or object by distracting the
eye will work the same way. The
longer the range the greater the an
noyance and vice versa. It is sur
prising how few shooters appreciate I
//'•'Mr •✓/wMt
the great Importance attaching to
"form.” |. uniformity of method In
assuming a position of aim
The secret of ability to shoot quick
ly rests very largely on one's ability
to align the object and sight or sights
(shotgun or rifle) the Instant that the
weapon Is In position (the position
would not count unless the sights are
on the right line), and the hold the
piece and press the trigger In a frac
tion of a second Most people take a
long time to realize bow quick the eye
Is, and do not trust the first sight
they get. but. as Is taught the novice,
"verify the sight." the necessity for
which largely disappears with ample
practice, and one can really "let off"
safely practically the moment he
thinks he Is on his mark, because, just
as one sees all of the letters In a
word at the same time. so. too. he
sees acccurately. In a second, the
mark and his sights.
1 must emphasise what I said, that
this faculty only comes with a great
deal of Intelligent practice; witness
the skill of the regular soldiers In
"rapid fire” and “skirmishing” and the
"trap" and "fancy” shooters. Other
factors which enter Into aiming are
knowing one's “tern," and learning
the aiwed of the flight of the projec
tile for different ranges. Of course,
the Importance of these latter factors
Is modified by the kind of shooting
and range, in regard to the former,
some men buy a weapon and proceed
to shoot It. always presuming It shoots
Eero —where there Is no drift due to
wind or "mirage.” This Is a mistake;
the gun may be all right In a machine
rest, but all men are not quite the
equal of a machine rest, even though
their verbal opinions may Indicate IL
Borne shooters habitually throw their
shots one way or another and In such
cases an adjustment of the sight will
work a permanent Improvement In re
sults and account for much mysterious
Practicing at known distances with
suitable loads at a bull's eye target
with a shotgun or rifle will reveal ex
actly the pattern or group you are get
ting and help you to shoot more scien
tifically; this can advantageously be
followed by trap practice, and then on
live birds or game as the case may
bo. Ry making a practice of noting
the position of the feet, body and
hands, and always If possible holding
the head In a nearly erect position
one soon becomes able, ao to speak,
"to fall Into" tho desired position with
greatest eaae and dispatch. Having
acquired the Idea of ‘‘form” one must
clear hla mind of any fanciful theories
concerning tho method of using vari
ous styles of sight. For example, the
one Idea of a peep sight should be to
BY Edward C. Robinson
3 /tor /r/WH zfffo
bring the point of aim or object Into
Its center and the top of the front
sight on the point or object at very
short range, or at such point as will
allow a clear view of the object or
point of aim at longer range By us
log the center of the peep sight one
practically does away with worrying
about “how much front sight” Is to
be seen because the center of the
peep Is a fixed point, and If the top
of the front sight la brought to the
level of the Imaginary line from the
pupil of the eye through the center
of the peep sight to the point of aim.
necessarily the top of the sight Is al
ways In relatively the same position,
which will give uniform results. In
the case of the open sight, however,
the amount of front sight seen varies
Some one says. “Ah! but one day I
see half the front eight and another
only one-third of It." All of which
may be true, but the difference Is oue
to the light, which on a bright, clear
day magnifies or permit* a clear defi
nition of the object and background, a
condition which does obtain on a dull
or dark day
An open sight permitting the shoot
er to sllgn the top of the front sight
with an Imaginary horizontal line
across the top of the rear sight will
give very fine, uniform results and
can be "found" quickly If possible
one should avoid turning a rifle on the
ails of the bore as this will change
the location of the shots just as the
pendulum swings on a clock. As to
the i ffect of light on one's aim If
shooting at a bull's-eye target, it will
be perceived that on a nice bright day
the target will show the lines at 500
yards and the ''bull" will look large
and tempting, while the white space
below will be deep and roomy. On the
contrary, on a dark day the,lines dls
appear and the bull looks smaller and
the white apace under It much narrow
er The easiest way to overcome this
condition Is to aim at a point three
quarters of the width of the white
from the bottom of the target, below
the bull's-eye. because In a good light
you can see the spot easily and on a
dark day when the white Is contract
ed you can measure It easily and by
this means avoid changing your elwva
tlon for different days to "find" the
At long range, say 1.000 yards or
1.200 yards. If It Is practical. It Is an
excellent plan to "sit” the target on
top of the front tight always center
ing the object (target In this case),
using the background to aid In the
same way one looks at a landscape
picture. 1. «.. not attempting to de
fine the target to the exclusion of its
Immediate surroundings Bear In mind
the foregoing Is only an outline of a
sound practical method and Is not ad
vanced as an unvarying rule, for It is
clearly recognized that excellent scores
may be made along other lines, but
you are safe to try what Is here sug
gested and a careful trial will show
consistent results with varying lights.
I do not think one can lay down any
rule for hunters as regards which Is
the best sight because the kind of
game, the country and other elements
nuroi/o# OPS* J.6//T
may enter into the question. The
present government sight embodies a
great many vital features, la strong
and In every way excellent.
One point In target shooting when
firing 'deliberate.'' Is a question of
form. In the matter of pointing the
rifle at the target, some high authori
ties say "Always come up from the
bottom.” this method has a great deal
of merit In very bad winds and rain,
but, under conditions we all enjoy. It
la not bad practice to come down on
your target glancing along the left
side of th* barrel during the operation
so as to keep your eyes on the target
until the sights approach the line of
aim. In either rase', constant prac
tice develops the habit." In the mat
ter of allowing for wind a very rough
Idea can be formed by the following:
A bullet weighing from 150 to 2uo
grains and having started with a mus
zle velocity of about 2.000 to 2.600 feet
per second would be affected by a
wind, blowing one mile an hour at
right angina about one Inch at three
hundred yards. The government
claims that with about 60 grains
charge. 160 grain bullet and 2.700 feet
velocity the drift Is eight-tenths of an
Inch. The hunter can see that, even
with a heavier bullet, say 220 and
1.960 feet velocity, and say a ten-mile
wind, under such conditions govern
ment ways drift is about two feet at
three hundred yards, some experi
menting on a rifle range will not do
any harm.
Hunters ought to get very clearly
In mind the trajectory and velocity of
the projectile so that they can use
the same faculty which enables one to
throw a stone more or less accurately
with the hand or sling shot. Probably
the tendency Is to shoot too far ahead
In most cases
Remember 300 yards Is only 900 feet
and most ammunition will carry that
in one-half second, and that the tra
jectory Is very flat, highest point
eight Inches, government load, so that
an error 60 yards either way Is only
a matter of a few Inches. When "find
ing” an object, always aim or rather
set the sight for a point less than the
assumed range unless some dry sand
or gray dirt Is Just beyond or to one
side when by aiming on It you can
gradually come up until you hit. It Is
Impossible in the confines of a short
article like this to go Into minute de
tails. and no effort Is made to do so
here. My advice to all la to approach
men of the type of Anderton. Doyle.
Casely. Keogh. Tewes. Hudson. Loush
ner. and many other fine square shots,
and somewhere you will Imbibe some
thing that will benefit, and you will
enjoy the good fortune to meet men
of standing In their profession, who
are as generous as they are Intelligent
and well posted.
The Cedar Canal Will
Water Splendid Land
To the many who are inquiring
ebout the Cedar Canal and Reservoir
enterprise near Cedar In San Miguel
county, Colorado, I will say that I
have finished the survey of two res
ervoirs this summer, one of which will
contain ten thousand, seven hundred
acres of water one foot deep with a
dam requiring fifty-six cubic yards of
dirt to the acre foot of water. The
other one will store about ten thous
and acre feet with a less quantity of
dirt in the dam. There Is plenty of
dirt available for building the dams at
small cost and the reservoirs are
Ideal for holding water.
These reservoirs are so situated as
to cover the entire valley of thirty
thousand acres or more, by means of
about eight miles of ditch to the up
per part of the land to be watered.
There are three other reservoirs lo
cated which can, and will be utilized
If needed. The water supply is more
than ample to fill these artificial
lckes each year, besides Irrigating
the land during the early part of the
season. I have been camped near the
Disappointment creek, which will sup
ply the water, since March 5, 1910,
and I took notes of the flow of water
In this stream and I know there le
enough and to spare.
The country has but few stones on
Whether for Business or Pleasure
Denver & Rio Grande R. R.
It will be to your advantage and lessen th*
tedium of the trip. The superior DINING
CAR and STATION LUNCH service is the
“Best in the West” and courteous treatment
is assured. All Rio Grande agents are in pos
ition to quote you rates, secure Pullman Re
servations and will gladly respond to all ques
tions as to train service, etc. Let usterTeyou.
General Passenger Agent, Denver, Colcrado.
A Homelike Hotel
A Reasonably Priced Hotel
The Albany
Denver’* most Popular Hotel, cater* to all
and can be depended on to give the
best of treatment. When in Denver a cor
dial invitation is extended to all to visit the
Albany, the center of life and activity.
Once a Visitor Always a Guest
S. S. DUTTON, Proprietor
No more attractive places can be found, especially in the
winter months, than those bordering on the Golf Coast where
the climate is at a stage of perfection and where yon will find
pleasure, health and profitable recreation
Is the shortest tnd most direct route to all points south. Our two fast
trains daily from Denver, Colorado Springs and Pueblo are equipped
with Electric Lighted Dining Can and through Pullman Sleeping Cars
to Fort Worth and Galveston
T. E. FISHER, General Passenger Agent, Denver, Colo.
the surface. The prevailing rock la
s; ndstone. The soil is deep an 4
strong, principally red soil covered
with gramma grass, some aage brush
and other shrubs in places, but all
easily cleaned and much of It natur
ally ready for the plow.
It will grow aoy crop that la raised
In Delta county. The fruit is simply
fine and corn Is good for Colorado.
All small grain does well.
Plenty of wood and coal near and
there is a large pine forest within a
few miles of the valley where you
can secure your houselogs, etc., from
Uncle Cam. Plenty of cedars on the
mountain sides from which the post
office "Cedar” takes Its name. Come
to Cedar at once and ] will help you
secure a good home and will give you
all the work you want on the ditch In
exchange for water stock. Better
come prepared to supply your own
outfit with whatever you will need un
til you can raise a crop. There are
several thousand acres, on whlck
crops may be grown next year and
6ome of the land under the completed
ditch is yet vacant. Your water right
, will cost about $25 per acre at present
price $2 per share.
Engineer in charge e»f Cedar Canal
and Reservoir.

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