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The Holly chieftain. (Holly, Colo.) 1897-1987, February 19, 1909, Image 2

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THE HOLLY CHIEFTAIN
HOLLY - .—“—.—- COLORADO
Solemn Ministers.
Many people regard the minister as
& solemn man. Young people often
do, and are afraid to be themselves
in his presence, writes N. McGee Wa
ters, D. D, iy the Homiletic Review.
Never seeing him except in the pulpit,
which 1s a place for seriousness and
dignity, they imagine he always looks
like a funeral and acts like a prayer
meeting. I'll never forget the awful
Suliny the minister used to stay at
fath®r's house. 1 know now that f{t
bored the minister as much as it did
us children. None of us acted natural
-Iy, and we would not let him. It was
an awful, solemn, and holy time. One
hot Sunday afternon my eyes were
opened. The minister, left to himselt
for a moment, came out to us children,
where we sat like martyrs on the
lawn, and, grabbing up a blade of
grass, put it between his thumbs and
blew on it a blast louder than a loco
motive's whistle. We had been dying
to do something desperate all after
noon, but did not dare. Mother heard
it and came around the house with the
day of judgment in her eye. When
she saw it was the minister she van
ished like a dream. My soul went out
in that screech, and to me it was
sweeter than the sacred song. After
that T knew the minister was human,
and I loved him. Of all the men 1
know, ministers are about the most
buman and fun-loving.
It s a little surprising to find Judge
Barron of the €anadian judiciary argu
ing in the public prints of his country
against Canadian contributions to Eng
land’s naval expenditures, and uphold
ing the abandoned principle of harbor
defense by means of a few inexpensive
submarines and torpedoes. It is even
more surprising to find him quoting
Premier Laurier in support of his con
tention. The accepted theory of naval
strategy now is one of offense, not de
fense, says the Detroit Free Press. A
nation best repulses its enemies by
seeking them out and destroying them,
according to the tacticians. This rule
of warfare is at the root of Great Bri
tain's present naval policy. She keeps
her fleets near home, mobilized to
- strike forcetilly as speedily at any
antagonistic combination. Judge Bar
ron's plan contemplates the building
of a Canadian destroyer and a sub
marine every year for five years, mak
ing a total outlay of say $2,500,00. The
sum is trifling in these days of huge
naval spending, and, small as it is,
seems to be worse than wasted, if used
in the manner proposed.
Some there are who feel called upon
to jest and banter when Mr. Taft trips
what country editors call the light fan
tastic. This is error. If Mr. Taft were
not a good dancer his case would be
an exception. Stout men are splendid
dancers, when they dance at all. Thin
men, declares the New York World,
are often a sorry spectacle on the ball
room floor. Their feet flop awkwardly,
they step on their partners’ toes and
skirts, bump into people and other
wise conduct themselves like half
grown boys. Men of more contour do
better. But the out-and-out fat man,
whom nobody is supposed to love, is
the real hero of the waxed floor. With
too much weight to hop far from the
bounds, he glides. He cannot project
his body forward in ungainly bounds.
He undulates gracefully, easily, gently.
So, when the ladies with whom Mr.
Taft has danced publicly compliment
him they speak truly, from the stand
point of persons who appreciate.
e———
A Washington court has before it
the question of how far a man has the
right to snore and to talk in his sleep,
and how far another man whom he
keeps awake by doing these things has
the right to shoot him up. The ques
tion is a delicate one, involving, as it
does, the conflicting claims of both to
the constitutional right to the pursuit
of happiness. Solomon would find
plenty of occupation for his abnormal
wisdom in settling the cases which
come up in the civilized tribunals of
to-day.
A London paper gloomily foresees
the future absorption of Canada by the
United States and ‘‘the end of all no
ble aspirations in which the largest
minds of the British race have in
dulged.” 'Cfhis fear of losing Canada
by its absorption in its larger neigh.
bor seems to be never entirely absent
from the anxious British mind, al
though neither the United States nor
Canada itself appears at all either
eager or perturbed over the prospect
HORTICULTURE
HEAD LETTUCE FROM HOTBEDS.
Now Is the Time to Begin to Plan for
Early Vegetables.
Plants were started about March 1
in an ordinary hotbed and were well
aired to get hardy plants. The hot
bed into which they were transplanted
was made the last week in March,
making a bed of hot manure eight feet
wide and 18 inches deep on top of the
ground. Frames were made as for
ordinary cold frames, except that they
were deeper, 18 inches back and ten
inches front.
These frames were set on the ma
nure. After it had settled well and
had been trampled evenly, five inches
of rich soil was put in, which was cov
ered with about one inch of rotted
sheep manure and thoroughly mixed
with the soil. The bed was then
marked so plants would stand eight
inches apart each way, putting in
about 40 plants to the sash.
Our sashes are made three by six
feet, using two by two-inch stuff, with
a crossbar of the same in the middle.
Common sheeting, costing eight cents
per yard, was tacked onto this frame
with large-headed tacks. Plants were
set the last day of March, and it
seemed as if to test the value of the
plan a cold snap came; on the morn-i
ing of April 2 the thermometer stood
at 16 degrees above zero. Cabbage
and cauliffower plants set in a well-!
protected cold frame were frozen bad-|
ly, while this bed, with only a sllght‘
protection of wild hay, came through
without a bit of frost.
The sashes were removed every day,
unless it snowed or the thermometer
stood below 40 degrees, but were cov
ered every night when there was dan
ger of frost, writes the correspondent!
in Orange Judd Farmer. A row of|
Scarlet Globe radishes was sown be-|
tween each row and were sold at al
good profit ten days before we could
pull from outdoors. A few sashes
were planted to Grand Rapids lettuce,
which was ready to cut May 20, while
plants set outdoors were not ready un
til two weeks later.
We began setting head lettuce June
1, which -was 13 days earlier than
from outdoors, where fine, large heads
were set. The lettuce from the
sashes brought us 60 cents per dozen
wholesale and from seven to ten cents
per head from the wagon. On our re
tail route it brought about two dollars
per sash, beside the radishes, which
brought one dollar per sash on an
average.
April and May were cold and wet
here, so that with an average season
and by using large, strong plants, I
think we could have had heads by
May 20. Nearly every plant made a
good, hard, well-developed head. The
varieties were May King, Big Boston
and Naumberger, a new variety which
proved better than May King, both
in the sashes and outside. It made
a larger, more solid head that stood
longer after it was ready to cut than
May King, and just as early.
GARDEN AND ORCHARD.
Spring’s close at hand. Get ready.
When you scrape the trunk of a fruit
lree, be careful about it, so that you
vill not cut the inner bark. Just the
cld loose bark is all you are after.
During mild days some pruning may
be done this month, but March or‘
June is the favored time for such work
{o the latitude of New York or Penn
sylvania.
If the mulch on the strawberry bed
blows off in places, put it back at‘
once.
Don’t forget to start that “protelni
club” on your farm. Protein means
protection from high grain bills. |
PRUNING PEAR TREES.
Experiments to Prove the Value of
Different Methods.
The following experiment in prun-
Ing Kleffer pear trees was made last
season and will be repeated to deter
mine the relative value of time when
to prune, writes an Indiana farmer in
Farmers' Review:
Experiment No. I—One-half all new
wood was cut back before any sign of
the baud expanding in the spring.
Experiment No. 2—Same was done
10, other trees when buds were ready
to open.
Experiment No. 3—When in full
bloom and ready to drop the bloom
other trees were cut back one-half.
Nothking further was done, the trees
needing no pruning otherwise.
Now for results: they were just In
the or-ler as was the pruning. Those
trees pruned early gave the best fruit
this year and the wood growth was
good. Those pruned second did not do
as well as the preceding, neither in
fruit nor wood. The third lot gave
| PLANNING A FAMILY ORTHARD.
What One Farmer Planted for His
Own Needs.
In arranging an orchard for the use
of the family, there are several things
to consider. It must be located con
venient to the dwelling house, to save
time and labor in gathering small
quantities of fruit. It should, if pos
'sible, be located ou land that will af
ford the -best natural advantages, in
the way of type of soil, and exposure
to the sun, etc., and the orchard
should be 8o arranged that the fruit
nearest the house will commence to
fruit first in the.season.
A variety of fruits should be select
ed to furnish a supply of fresh fruit
throughout the entire season, and at
the same time furnish enough of late
fruit to store for the winter; therefore,
it is necessary to plant trees from the
earliest to the latest fruiting.
Following I give a sample of my
own fruit orchard for family use which
I think after several years of use to
be convenient and profitable, writes
R. B. Rushing, in Farmers’ Voice. 1
have a piece of land containing 1%
acres, lying south of my dwelling
house, with a southeastern gradual ex
posure, of soil specially adapted to the
growing of fruits.
This plat is 20 rods long, by 12 rods
wide. I have 91 cherry trees one rod
apart each way.
In the center of the orchard, south
of the cherry trees, 1 have 36 grape
vines, rows running east and west four
hills long. They are grown by the row
imethod, as I think 1 grow more that
way than by the hill method.
Just east of the grape vines I have
20 peach trees, which consist of both
early and late peaches.
West and sonth of the grape vines
and peach trees, I have '41 early and
late apple trees, with the early nearest
the house.
As to my reason for this arrange
ment, the first fruit ripe in the spring
are the cherries. I have them so thatl
wife will not have to go to the back of
the fleld to get her supplies for the
table and canning. And for the bene
fit of the reader, as I go along I will
glve a partial account of what this lit
tle plat of ground is bringing in dol
lars and cents beside supplying my
family with plenty of good, fresh,
wholesome fruits the year round.
My orchard is 12 years old, and not
doing its best yet. For the last five
years I have shipped, or sold, an av
erage of 50 cases of cherries beside
what we have used for canning, etc.
The 60t .cases each year have netted
me- $1.25 per case, which is $75 per
year from the cherries alone, above
what we used.
Having few early peaches I have
sold none except to neighbors, of
which I kept no record. But we have
had an abundance of very excellent
Irnm ourselves. I should say that for
the past five years I have sold as much
as $10 per year.
We have had for six years all the
grapes we wanted to use, and for the
last four years 1 have sold an aver
age of 1,000 pounds at two cents per
pound, which is $20 per year, above
family use.
- The apples are just now beginning
to do something good. I have been
getting a small quantity for the last
four years, but since they were seven
years old they have supplied the table,
plenty for winter, and an occasicnal
treat for the neighbors.
In the last three years I have sold
above what we used, an average of
one bushel to the tree, at from 50
cents to one dollar per bushel or about
$25 per year, for the last three years.
From now on they will do much bet
ter.
| As to profits, the total orchard has
furnished plenty of fruit for our fumi
ly, and an average of $130 for the
last four years. Of course I laid out
ithe use of the land practically for the
first six or seven years, and was out
'some little expense of handling, but I
think I received pay for all that from
{keeplng poultry on this land.
O A A A A A A A A A A A A A A NN PP PP Pt i
poor fruit and but little wood growth.
This is only one trial. There may
have been other causes for this re
sult, but we expect to continue the
same process another season to de
termine the matter more fully. We
will also try the same process on
other varieties than Kieffer.
Protecting Trees.
SN o Dkt ad il e G 1100 Ny eel L T
The young trees in the orchard may
be given effective protection: from
mice and rabbits during the winter
months by tying about them the thin
elm veneer tree protectors which may
be secured at a moderate price from
any cooperage or horticulturists’ sup
ply house. Another protector equally
good and one that may be left on dur
ing the spring and summer months as
a check to the work of the borer beetle
is the common wire window screen,
which may be cut from the roll, as one
goes along, of a size to suit each tree,
--Kansas Farmers' Star. °
Herrings Used for Manure.
Herrings are 7lt;r§el‘)7v'u§é:ifllu Japan
for manure. The yearly average ex
ceeds 165,000 tons in this fertilizer.
STATE NEWS ITEMS
] For the three best individual ex
hibits from Colorado at the Dry Farm
ing Congress in Cheyenne, February
23rd to 25th, the Denver Chamber of
Commerce offers three trophy cups.
At the close of business February
sth, the six national banks of Denver
had on deposit $58,149,183.11. This is
' a gain of $313,815.80 over the amount
~on deposit at the close of husiness
November 27, 1908.
Tourist husiness to Colorado will be
greater next summer than ever, in the
history of the state, is the belief of C.
H. Speers, general passenger agent of
the Colorado Midland, who returned
from Chicago a few days since.
The first tent colony at the Modern
Woodmen of America sanitarium at
Colorado Springs was formally dedi
cated on the 12th inst. Addresses were
delivered by prominent persons who
are patients at the institution.
On February 12th at Tubers, a sta
tion west of Eaton, on the Great West
ern railway, potatoes brought the
highest price paid this season, or at
any time last year, Pearls being $1.25
and Rurals $1.30 per hundred weight.
Dr. A. Anderson of Ault was fined
a total of S6OO in the County Court at
Greeley, together with costs, for boot
legging. He paid the fine. He was
arrested and charged on three counts
with selling liquor without a license,
and was fined S2OO on each count.
The State Commercial Association
has taken up the burden of procuring
suitable exhibits from Colorado for the
third Trans-Missouri Dry Farming Con
gress at Cheyenne February 23rd, 24th
and 25th. The various commercial or
ganizations of the state are urged to
take part in the work.
A man giving his name as Nathan
Hall was arrested in Estes park on the
13th inst. by Forest Rangers Thomson
and Ryan, charged with killing beav
ers. The man confessed and was fined
$l5O, which he paid. Two dead moun
tuln sheep were also found in the
park. Indications are they were shot
and it is likely arrests will be made.
In a set of resolutions unanimously
adopted the members of the Afro-
American Ministerial Union of Denver
have extended their thanks to Presi
dent Roosevelt for his views concern
ing the status of the African race, its
future development, and the obligation
of this country to Africa and Africans,
and particularly to the Republic of Li
beria.
Peter Gondry, convicted in the Dis
trict Court at Buena Vista of arson,
was sentenced to six to eight years in
the penitentiary. Gondry had burned
practically all of the buildings and im
provements on the Mary Murphy mine
and last August was caught burning
the shaft house. Benjamin O. Cook,
convicted of having murdered Charles
E. Cope in Salida last June, was sen
tenced to twenty to twenty-four years
at hard labor.
According to plans outlined by the
committee on public health and sani
tation of the Colorado Springs Char
ter convention, at a public meeting,
not only will every physician be re
quired to include tuberculosis among
the list of contagious diseases in his
report to be filed with the Health de
partment, but every householder must
register all cases of tuberculosis in his
household, together with the other pre
scribed diseases.
President Frank G. Peck, Secretary
W. R. Waterton and Treasurer F. F.
Castello of the Cripple Creek Drainage
& Tunnel Company were all re-elected
at a meeting of the directors at Colo
rado Springs February 9th. A. L. Bur
ris of the El Paso was elected vice
president in place of John T. Milliken
of the Golden Cycle, whose frequent
absence prevents him from attending
the official conferences. Mr. Burris
also succeeds S. S. Bernard as a mem
ber of the executive committee.
The students of the college of medi
cine of the State University were so
elated over the passage of the medical
bill by the Legislature that they held
a banquet at the Boulderado hotel and
declared a vacation for the rest of the
week. The bill is a constitutional
amendment to permit the State Uni
versity to conduct the last two years |
of its medical department in Denver,
for clinical advantages. It must be
submitted to and approved by the peo
ple at the next general election, be
fore becoming a law. ‘
Denver’'s great auditorium would
hold every man, woman and child in a
city of twelve thousand inhabitants,
but the people of Denver are finding |
it too small. It would not begin to
accommodate the crowd on Linmln's‘
birthday. Two thousand children
gathered in one end of it to sing pa
triotic songs. They, with the military
organizations and members of the
Grand Army of the Republica, ahout
filled the ground floor.
The High Line reservoir between
Paonia and Hotchkiss burst at 5
o'clock Friday morning the 12th inst.
and the flood inundated the Rio
Grande tracks, for more than half a
mile, washing away the roadbed in
many places. All trains were tem
percrily abandoned,
PROPOSED NEW
NATIONAL PARK
IN THE WHITE RIVER NATIONAL
FOREST OF NORTHWESTERN
COLORADO.
DENVER MAN GOZES TO WASHING
TON TO URGE THE PLAN
BEFORE CONGRESS.
Denver.—The Republican, Sunday
niorning, says: “A movement is on
foot to convert the White river na
ticnal forest in Northwestern Colorado
irto a national park, that will stand
next to Yellowstone park and Yo
semite park in natural wondrous
beauty. A bill will be introduced in
Congress within the next few months
for that purpose.
“The promoter of the new national
park is Edwin A. Brown, a Denver
man of independent wealth, who is
well known through his efforts to have
a municipal lodging house established
in Denver. Mr. Brown left for Wash
ington yesterday where he will inter
view President Roosevelt, National
Forester Gifford Pinchot, Senator Gug
genheim, Senator Hughes and Con
gressmen Taylor, Rucker and Martin
regarding the project. Mr. Brown is
a relative of W. C. Brown, president
of the New York Central railway, from
whom he bears letters to many promi
nent men in Washington.
“Coloradoans who have visited the
White River national forest unite in
saying that it is probably the most
picturesque place for natural beauty
and grandeur in picturesque and grand
Colorado. Filled with towering peaks,
spruce-clad mountain slopes, sprinkled
with more than a score of mirror-like
mountain lakes, some of them 100
acres in extent, dazzling, plunging,
lace-like waterfalls, many 75 or 80
feet in height, babbling, torrentous
mountain streams, latighing and
splashing on their way, and hundreds
of natural springs, make it a place for
rest and delight, an ideal camping spot
for nature lovers, and one of the few
natural game parks in the country.
“By building roadways in there such
as have been constructed in Yellow
stone and Yosemite parks, it would
make another playground for the na
tion. It is easy of access to the public
now, the Denver & Rio Grande lail
way running to Glenwood Springs,
within twelve miles of the.forest, and
on the other side of the forest the re
cently constructed Moffat road goes to
Steamboat Springs. If it is made a
national park it is probable that both
of these roads would build branch
lires to the very borders of the park.”
Northwestern Reaching Out.
Denver.—The Republican Monday
morning says: Yesterday’s dispatches
confirming the sale of the Penn-Wy
oming Mining Company’s properties,
including the Ferris-Haggerty mine
and 1,000-ton smelter at Grand En
campment, Wyo., and the Saratoga &
Encampment railroad, connecting with
the Union Pacific at Saratoga, Wyo.,
to a coterie of Chicago capitalists, is
an indication that the first step has
been taken in the project by which the
Chicago & Northwestern railroad will
reach the bituminous and anthracite
coal fields of Colorado, first announced
in The Republican one month ago.
That the Northwestern is behind the
deal is not doubted by Routt county
people now in Denver, nor by F. O.
Willmarth of Casper, who is now stop
ping at the Albany hotel. The build
ing of one more short link, some forty
miles in length, will place the North
western, which is a Vanderbilt system,
and one of the largest railroad corpo
rations in the United States, at the
door of the mammoth Routt county
fields of both bituminous and anthra
cite. The Northwestern now has to
haul its coal from the Illinois fields,
1,000 miles up grade, whereas coal of
much superior quality can be made
available at a comparatively small ex
pense. The news that Northwestern
surveyors have been making exhaust
ive examinations of the route to be
traversed by the short remaining link
was brought to Denver by Routt coun
ty people a month ago.
The government has begun proceed
ings in the Federal Court to condemn
a site for a postoffice to be erected in
Greeley. Complaints have been filed
by United States District Attorney
Ward and Attorney Churchill of Gree
ley. The new building is to cost SIOO,-
000. An effort was made to obtain a
site in the business section of the city
without court proceedings, but the
price demanded was considered ex
orbitant.
The Colorado Springs Y. M. C. A,
which has a membership of 800, is
nuaking another campaign for new
members, and hopes {o swell the en
rollment to 1,000,

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