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BENT COUNTY REGISTER.
VOLUME 111. B». BKOWJf, J're*. WIIJ.Js G KUKBAON VU-«-|*r» a . 11. j. t ,OCMF. v <‘I'R. c 9 -hhr. "• G. I»«>UI.D, As ! !'H>liler MERCHANTS’ STATE BANK OF LAMAR. LAMAR, COLORADO. -•DJ.SEISTDJSS'- I!. B. BROWN’. A. H. MERER. W. i;. AMOS, IL O. WIIITK. . . A. J. HOISIXOTON, U. O HESS C. V. DECKER. AW Colorado Ofiice for tin* AMERICAN MORTGAGE TRUST COMPANY. Money io loan on Farm -m l City Property at lute.-. B. B BBOWX. Manager. W. 0. &3S& Hus a Full Stock of Groceries, Oiieeiisware (ilass. ViMEU, LAMPS, HOTIGHS ETC, „ S. Main Sreot, • Umar, Colo. t - .* is®! Stcvd STOVES IptF' Stoves'; ; £* Tilt. TItULUAXD. 3»0 st't it STOCK IN SOUTH-KV-T COLORADO, AS Ynf Will Fincl m Sioi'O unclor U S Land Cf?loe Eiuldmp •sir k smasm & mts Ncrtl' Vain Sroet, * ■ LAMAR. COLCRAEC. Janssen Bro’s, & Bemorest Gents, Boys and Youth's Cloteing. Gents Furnishing Goods, Hats, Caps, Eoots, Shoos and Fine Driving Gloves. AGENTS FM THE , lelebrated Rockford Shoes aid Lyon Hats. WE HAVE SAMPLES FROM CUSTOM TAILORS IN ST. LOUIS AND CHICAGO, ASU CAN HAVE A NOBBY SUIT MADE TO ORDER AT 20 PER CENT- LESS THAN , LATE TAILOR PRICES. . Opposite.U. > S', hand Office, *>QRTH MAIN STREET, -- • • LAMAR, IOi.O •V. ”<•■!.V LAMAR, COLORADO, SATURDAY, SEPT. 29, 1888.' The following i M the form of an in* t« rview* with a workingman, explains j l ln» tariff and deli res the issue be* j tween Cleveland's pro-British party and the sound doctrine advocated by the republican party of pioiection to American industries. Workingmen, lead and reflect! The question at issue is of vital importance to you ami to your children—ay! to your children's children! Woikiogrnan—l read a good deal nowadays about the tariff, especially ; since the President's message ap* ’ peared. What is meant by tariff? Aivswer—That plan of raising money for the expenses of govern inent, by which it is collected at the : custom house*, from duties upon im ports, and not taken directly from the people by excise or internal rev enue taxes. W.— What are the advantages of* j tiii* plan? Ans.—lt is the cheapest way to get the n«*ces>ary revenue, and it s:*ves*the people from the annoying viMiioits of lax-gathers. It is the plan whi. li whs adopted when the present government was established in and has, exeept in the eiuer g**ni y of w ar, been adhered to ever since to the exclusion of all others. W.—Who pays the duties collect ed at the custom houses? Ann. —lf the articles imported are . such as arc largely produced here, the foreign producer pays a great i part of them. If the articles are not i produced here, the duty is added to , the foreign cost, and we have to pa> ! :t ourselves. W —Why do foreigners pay u great part of it in the former case? Ann. Bemuse experience has : shown that when an article is exten sively produced here, the price falls | below the foreign price with duty added. Hence, to meet our borne ! price, -m the dutv is fixed, a reduction must be made from the foreign price. W.—Then, in such eases, foreign ers contribute to the support of our ! government? Ans.—Yes, and justly so, because : they get the benefits of our market ! and our laws, for which they would 'Otherwise pay nothing. W.—Why do we impose duties on • articles not produced here if we haye to pay them ourselves? I Ans.—We cortu'nly ought to do so; but there is no idea so unreason, aide that it will not have supporters, i And there have always been men in thi« country favoring this plan of re Sieving foreigners from taxation. Ii , is known as tariff for revenue only. W.—Do these men undertaud our | own people have to .pay all the duties hinder a taiiff for revenue only? , Ans.—The more intelligent among , hem do, bat they are partial, to the I English revenue system, and forget hat British laws and taxes are no j better fitted for this country now than they were a century ago. ; W.— Can you explain, briefly', the 'meaning of the words “Protection” and “Free Trade?” Ans. —Yes. “Protection” means that adjustment of the tariff on such j things as may be produced here which requires the payment of duties I high enough to offset the greater ! wages paid to those engaged in pro ducing them, and thus protect them j in their occupations against the cohi ' petition of cheaper wages in foreign i countries. W.—llow much higher are wage? i here? Ans.—Nearly twice as high as in Great Britain, three times ns high as in France and Germany, four times is high as in Italy and Russia. W.—What difference docs this make in the cost of things produced in this couutry, witli the cost in Eu rope? Aus. —That depends on the amount of labor required to produce them. Tiie labor may be half, three-quar ters or even a larger part of the cost Iron ore and lime stone in the ground are of little value. But by combin ing them with* labor they become ' uig iron, worth fifteen to twenty dol lars per ton. Applying more labor, they may be converted into watch springs wort!; more than twice their ! weight in cold. This is the result ' of labor, and it is evident that this! kind of work cannot be carried on here useless the men engaged in it are protected by dnties high enough to cover the difference between for eign aud American wages. This is what protection does, and, therefore, a tariff framed for this purpose is called a “protective” tariff. W.—Are there any other reasons why a protective tariff is better for onr country? Aiis. —Yes: there are several other reasons. I will mention some of them: Ist.—By creating and sustaining a variety of important industries which otherwise could not exist here, it di versifies the occupations of our peo ple, and thus affords fields for their different qualities and talents. It also prevents too many persons from crowding into a few industries. For example, the people employed in manufactures are withdrawn from farming, and become consumers of food instead of producers. This pre vents excessively low wages in farm ing, and raises the price of farm-pro ducts. 2d. It cheapens the price of the | things which are protected bv en-1 couragmg competition among those j engaged in producing them. W.— Why, then, was it ever adopt- j ed? Ans.—To make a long story short, I England had for centuries a strong! protective tariff, and under it built up flourishing manufactures, and in creased the prosperity of the people. But about fifty years ago her manu facturers found they were producing more than they could sell, and need ed larger foreign markets. By a ! large expenditure of money and the use of able speakers, they finally se [cured a majority of Parliament in favor of measures which would en able them to reduce the wages so that they could make goods cheaper than other nations. To do this all duties were tasen off farm products -to get the cheapest food—wherever it could be found. The protective policy had developed her manufact ures so that she excelled all other nations in skill. Sire had plenty of coal and iron but an insufficient sup ply of other raw materials. She opened her ports free to the raw ma terials of other countries, and as she did not fear competition she advocat ed free trade among all nations, to secure unrestricted access for her own goods in foreign markets. This scheme seemed at first to succeed, j but gradually it was observed that England was losing all her farmers, and that many other industries were suffering and slowly perishing. It now appears that her prosperity for a time under this tariff-for-reveuue policy was due to accidental causes, which having passed away, have left : her iu worse condition than before, i with enormous investments m ma , chinery to supply foreign markets, | which are now either protected against her manufactures, or have become iier rivals in skill and exper ience. Meanwhile her people have become unfitted for agriculure, and are only enabled to live by underbid ing the operatives of other nations in wages. W.—lf the tariff-for revenue policy has been of such doubtful advantage for England, is there any reason why it could be adopted here with better result? Ans.—None at all. On the con trary, England, owing to her small size and limited range of agricultural productions, had some special reason ' for advocating free trade in food and ! raw materials. To extend her man ufactures she was compelled to im* ; port largely, and with her coal and | iron deposits she had good reason to think that she could manufacture; cheaper than any other country. But i the United States contains within its j own borders all the resources of a great manufacturing nation. She ; need import nothing, and to build up j her industries and diversify them, j and gave employment to all her peo ple, she has only to utilize the raw materials of every kind that her own soil and climate afford. She has food in abuudunce; iron and coal in every quarter; wool and cotton and flax unlimited. She needs no foreign markets, for her own population in creases so rapidly that her growing manufactures are not able to supply ! their wants, and only demands more 1 thorough protection to enlarge tlieir j production and enable them to sup ply these wants fully and more cheaply than they could be supplied j in any other way. All the conditions of this country point to the protect ive policy as the one best fitted to give universal prosperity, and indi cate clearly that we should avoid all measures tending to embarrass our industries or hinder the development of our resources. This is particular ly true of what are called necessaries of life, and things for which there is a large demand, and, therefore, a large production. • Among these! may be mentioned nails aud common | clothing, which are as cheap in this country as they are anywhere. •‘ld.—lt enables us to have in com- j mon use and at low prices a great! variety of manufactured products ! which otherwise we should have to j go without, because the farm pro- j ducts of the country are not wanted abroad iu sufficient quantities to pay j for the foreign goods we should need if our own manufactures were mater ially diminished. If we should pay j for them in gold, our stocic of this J metal would soon be exhausted, and ' the country be bankrupt. •fth.—Finally, protection increases home wealth, and makes a home market for everything produced, whether from the farm, the mine, the mill, <*r the workshop. Every thing produced here is an addition I to. our national wealth, in which everybody shares, and which makes I our country the best in the world for j all classes of persons. If anything is imported, wo have the article, but "'<* have paid its value to foreigners iu some way, and therefore no better off than before. W.—\\ hat, then, is free trade? Ans.—Free trade, taken literally, means trade free from taxation or limitation of any kind. No such condition of things exists among civ ilized nations. England, generally called a free trade country, derives one-fourth of its revenue from duties upon imports. In this country, when intelligent men speak of free trade, i they mean tariff tor revenue only, after the English fashion. hat are the objections to this kind of tariff for the United States? Ans.—They are numerous. In the first place, its effects upon opr pros perity would be the opposite of those of a protective tariff It would check and diminish our industries, reduce wages, impoverish the nation, and in tho end fail io yield adequate reve nue for the government. It would soon require large exports of pre cious metals, and bring ab’out nation al bankruptcy, l’be nearest approach to such a tariff in this country was ihe Walker tariff, which prevailed from 1646 to 1801. Its effects were delayed for a while by various re markable circumstances-—the discov ery of gold in California, the Mexi can war, tho failure of European crops, and extensive European wars but as soon as the influence of these ceased, tho people were plung ed into universal distress, and the government was unable to raise eycn a trifling sum of money, except at ruinous rates of interest. W.—How does it happen that the tariff for revenue'only is good for NUMBER 10. England, and not for up? Ans.—lt is not by any means sure that it is good for England. Many of her workingmen and others deny it. The number of these is increas ing. One of them, speaking of free trade, has recently said: “Cannot the present generation undo the work of the last? Because the fathers have eaten sour grapes, must the children’s teeth be forever on edge? —Exchange. Fairs This Fall. Durango. Sept. 25 29. Greeley, Oct. 2-5. Del Nort, Oct. 10-12. Saguache, Oct. 10-12. La Vcta, Sept. 25-27. Grand Junction, Sept. 27-29, Gunnison, Sept. 20-29. Pueblo, Oct. 2-0. Delta, Oct. 4 0. OTHER FAIRS. at St. Louis, Oct. 1-0. Texas, at Dallas, Oct. 11-31. Fat-Stock Show, Chicago, Nov. 12-24, Las Cruces, Oct. 2-5. There is a daisy little mountain narrow gague road, that but .little is said, but is one ot considerable im portance and will in the near future extend their lino north and south, we refer to the Texas, Santa Fe <b Northern, the road now runs from Santa Fe to Espenola, Now Mexico, and is the connecting link between the capitol of the Territory and the D. & It. G., and makes up one of the ! great lines to the north and east. Take the Best Paper. The best way to keep thoroughly posted on all matter® of human inter est is to take a first class daily paper, which is honest and just in its opin ion, truthful and thorough m its pre sentation of news, and faithfnlly de voted to the best interests of the sec tion in which it is published. Such a paper is This Denver Re publican. In everything that goes to make a daily journal of the high est class, it stands supreme among the newspapers of the west, and everything that the application of j braius and money can do to make j each issue better than the last* will | be done in the future as in the past. With the best platform ever pre sented to the American people by any political party, and a ticket that must commaud the respect and con- fidence of all fairminded citizens, it will be our pleasant duty during the campaign to carry the gospel of Re publicanism to oyery home in which the progress aud prosperity of this country is desired in tho protection of American industries and tho per? petuation of Republican institutions |to aid. us iu this great and good work, It Is of vital impoitance to the west that the policy of encouragement to labor and capital, which has been the ruling spirit of Republican rule, aud the main cause of the Nation’s growth in moral aud material great ness during the lust quarter of a cen tury, s.iould be continued for an in definite period to come, aud that re sult can be most successfully achiev ed through the agency of a patriotic press. Ihe Denver Republican has, and will have, nothing to do with j factional or personal differences of j opinion within tbe Republican party. It has no spites to gratify and no old scores to settle. It will strenuously endeavor at all times to promote the spirit of harmony and te improve the chances of party victory. It will stand up for the rights of the peoplo j against the aggressions of corpora- I tions and classes, and it will at all | times be prepared to express its bon-, esiopinious in fair- and unmistakable language on all questions affecting the public welfare. Address Republican Pub. Co., Denver, Colo.