Newspaper Page Text
ROCKY FORD ENTERPRISE.
VOL. VII. ISOLATION OF ALL CONSUMPTIVES. RADICAL MEASURE PROPOSED. Wipupmd Consternation Among Corn* lompllvN Caused by the Saggntlog to fiscs Them In Special llos pltml-s aa a Means or Pr*. Tenting the Spread or the Disease. The recent action of the Michigan State Board of Health In placing consumption on the list of contagious diseases and requiring safeguards to prevent.lts spread, Is causing widespread newspaper discussion as to the propriety of similar action In other states. Not only has the Michigan Board of Health taken this radical step, but tho County Med ical Society, of Philadelphia, has petitioned tho Board of Health there to Isolate con sumptives. The Pan-American Congress also passed a resolution at the reoont Washington convention calling on tho national govern ment to take steps In the same direction,even going so far as to ask President Cleveland to give his personal attention to the matter. The result has been that national, state and civic authorities have been appealed to, there by causiug consternation to thousands of con sumptives In every state In the Union, who are In tevror lest they should bo torn from their uorncs and friends, and turned over to “*V«clal hospitals,” which, In reality, will be pesthouses. * Tho turmoil which the proposition has cre ated Is steadily increasing, and a great wave of opposition Is appearing. Friends of consumptives declare that If Iso lation of tho patients Is attempted In special hospitals, numerous outrages will result and that ndt only will'unfeeling persons who want to get rid of sick relatives, dump them upon the hospitals, but machinations will arise of n most evil character. Small tradesmen, for Instance, afflicted by a cough, may suddenly find themselves moved out of theft competi tors’ way, by a judicial process which will send them to the epeoial consumptive hospital to end their days. Some declare that while the appearance of •mallpox or cholera in tho land Is the signal lor immediate, widespread alarm, and the in auguration of BO*ere repressive measure?, consumption which Is always present and Is chronically epidemic, Is. allowed to take an Unchecked course, the people not realizing that it Is far more deadly than any other dis ease, and If slowly hut surely Increasing its silent ravages. It Is claimed that as half of the people who have consumption do not re alise the fact, they spread a false confidence among theft friends, who chrelessly allow themselves to come In contact with the vlo tlms, and are, in turn, fatally Infected. The Nekr York Herald c-vnmeutlng on tho subject quotes the action of the Congresde la Tuberculope, recently held |n Pfris, ip which the following resolution Wok adopted: “In view of the fact that life In common of consumptives with the other patients in the hospitals is disadvantageous both to them selves and others, sod that the risks that they run and to which they expose others are not compensated by any serlpuaprofit, the mem bers of the Congress arc of the opinion that alPccmAutaptlvc patients should 'be gathered together; (u hospitals In groups, ac cording to the period of their disease, and thltt’ these groups should be as small os possl- a ble at tho earliest stnge of tbe comphtint. “In consideration of the fact that In the present condition af the science a continuous and sufficient supply of pure air Is one of tho most powerful elements In the treatment of tuberculosis, It Is also advisable that these hospitals should "be built lu the country, or at thq seashore. “Finally, os a transitory measure, to last ns abort a time as possible, consumptives should, for the time being, be united In special wards In the hospitals, apart from those of the otner patients, and tho walls and furniture of these wards Bhoulu be disinfected at stated inter vals.” • Another scheme for the Isolation of con sumptives, which has just been announced by the Denver (Colo.) AY ton, is to (He effect that W. N. Byers, representing a syndicate of Bos ton capitalists, has applied at the' office of the Colorado Land Commissioner for sections of land on which to colonize consumptives from New England. The Idea Is to erect suitable buildings and put the patients at gentle work attending to fruit and poultry, bee culture and gardening, Insisting all of the time, upon aultable physical exercise. The Idea is that patients In the first stages of consumption might be benefited In the mild, dry air of Colorado and thatlhelr light - labors can be turned to tho pecuniary advantage of the syndicate. The Cincinnati Post over a year ago Inter ested itself in the question of the cause of consumption and the possibility of its cure. Since that time many newspupers have de voted attention to the subject. Recent statistics, carefully gathered, hare shown that one-seventh of 'all the deaths In the United States from disease are caused by consumption, and this startling fact, promi nently presented,"has served to Increase the agitation which has been nroused. In order to get at the opinions of the lead ing physicians of Cincinnati on the latest aspect of the cose, 1. c. that relating to the proposed Isolation of consumptives, Inter views were secured jvith Dr*. Whitaker, Jud kins, Amlok, Brunnlng and others. Dr. William Judkins said: “I thoroughly believe in the scheme for the isolation of con sumptive paticuih. The best plan 1b to take the patient out of his homo and put hltn In a bouse specially built for consumptives. The Idea may seem a harsh one, but It Is ccrtulnly In the Interest of friends of the sufferer. The great trouble with the project would be to get patients in the first stages of the disease to go to such a retreat. Most of them don’t believe that they have consumption, and you cannot convince them to the contrary.” Dr. Whittaker said: “I do not approve of the Isolation project simply because I do not think It would do any practical good. Isola tion, the taking away of a consumptive from bis borne and lrlends, would bo rather in bumnn.” “Is every case of consumption the result of contact with some other case, or Is the disease sometimes sporadic* like cholera!” “No. There Is no such thing as sporadic consumption. It is not even un inherited disease. Every case owes Us origlq to com munication. Many cases of consumption arc contracted at bedsides. One patient can give It to twenty well persons. Strong men, with no predisposition that way, get It. Why, one of the worst places to contract consumption Is in a postofflcCAOrrldor. A consumptive coming In spits on the floor. He spreads the germs of his disease to be Inhaled by others who enter. There should be cuspidors In postoffices. In market hpuses and In all- other public places. Spitting bj(.consumptives upon sidewalks Is not so dang orous, as the open aft disseminates the germsvnore widely than In a building.” “Do you.(£ink that consumption la Increas ing or decreaslhg?” “Probably deose&Miig, *on account 6! better methods used In treating It. The newspapers can do great good by calling attention to the great dangers of consumption and noting the necessity for grcat«r-eare In guarding* against the disease. People are too careless. No doubt Isolation wquldbe of benefit to patients and do good, but-it could not be enforced.” Dr. W. R. AmlCk, *ho resigned his profes sorship in the Cincinnati College of Medicine and Surgery, beld for seventeen years, to de vote himself to coring consumption, said: •‘I am, of course, opposed to laolatfon, be cause my theory la that consumption Is not dlreotly produced by any outside cause. I bold that tho bacillus microbe is the effect, or product, and not IhoooOse of the ■disease, to It Is very evident, In my opinion, that Isola tion would accomplish no good.” “Too mean to say, then, that the lilhaling of the dried-up sputa, containing these mi crobe*, is not harmful;” “Ofl the contrary,” Dr. Amick replied, “any dust or extraneous matter would pro duce a mechanical Irritation of the parts and be likely to occasion lung trouble—aa the In halation of the dried *puta of a consumptive. Just m a speck of dust Irritate* the eye, the Inhalation of any foreign matter Irritates the air passages.” Continuing, Dr. Amlok said: “You may 6tate •as mv opinion that the natural secretion of the healthy mucous mem brane either destroys the germs so Inhaled or renders them of no effect, so far aa any in trinsic power to produce the disease Is con cerned. If consumption was either contagi ous or Infectious, I would have bad it long since, aa lam dally closeted with the worst possible eases, and during the Investigation leading to my discovery of the cause and cure of the disease, I sought out the worst forms of it and made mlcroscoplo examina tion of diseased eputA a marked feature of my professional work and research. Not withstanding all this, and although predis posed to consumption, I havo Inhaled the diseased breath and gcrifls of tuberculous patienta almost continually without 111 ef fect.” “On what grounds, doctor, have all these appeals for the Isolation qf consumption been made!” “On the theory of some bacteriologists that the disease Is communicated by microbes expectorated by the consumptive.” Asked as to how many of the medical pro fession agreed with his theory to the con trary, Dr. Amick said: “From all I can learn perhaps one-half and a majority of the other half freely express their surprise that, considering my treatment Is not based on the bacilli theory, it proves so efficacious. A year or two I was practically alone in ad vocating my theory, but to-day the progres sive physicians agreeing with me are num bered by thousands, and I prophesy that in a few years very few will contend that the microbe causes the disease. I make no at tempt to destroy the bacilli In my treatment, for they disappear of themselves as the dis ease Is conquered, and this Is observed in using the microscope by physicians prescrib ing my medicine*. I consider this the strong est possible proof that microbes are not the cause of the disease, and that they can not exist unuer normal healthy conditions. It does not require a scientist to understand that inasmuch as the bacilli are not found until the expectoration becomes purulent that they could not produce this purulent ’condition. No, unlike smallpox, the .disease docs not announce Itself In any agrcsslre manner, but begins with gradually lnereas ing weakness, loss of strength and appetite, and Is firmly seated before the bacilli are produoed, thus showing that the disease pre cedes these germs. Suppose you yourself,” said Dr. Amick to tho Post man, “caught cold; suppose that cold ran Into catarrhal pneumonia, which, In turn, resulted In con sumption. I do not think any one could, majie you believe it was a microbe instead of a draught or exposure which occasioned your catching cold, and yet you admit th« cold produced the disease. No, I . firmly contend,” concludod Dr. Amick, “that the Isolation and separation of these poor, sick consumptives from the only ones who for af fection’s sake would care for them, Is not only inhuman but unnecessary,, and not only unnecessary but Impracticable. Please re member that they aro numbered not by hun dreds or thousands,but by hundreds of thous ands, and that nearly every one who reads the Pott has near and dear relatives In con sumption who properly administered to can bo restored to health, but whom Isolation might place beyond all hope. It will require no argument to convince you that the rela tives of theso sick ones will vigorously pro test qgalnst any such enactment,' and the good citizens of this country will help them prevent the carrying out of the proposed cruel Imposition.” Dr. Brunnlng said* “Consumption Is Increasing In oltles<on ac count of the favorable conditions which ex ist for Its dissemination. All cases of the disease arc communicated. There aro no sporadic oases. -The'germs are In the atmos phere which everybody breathes, but they jonly take bold In a favorable soil, in the proper fy.pe of human organism. Isolation of consufnptlvcs IS difficult. People attend ing them should use great care in disinfect ing the discharges. The disease la contagi ous from its start.” • “po you think that Ohio should imitate tho Michigan state Board of Hcnlth’s action In putting consumption In the list of con tagious diseases, Along with smallpox, scarlet fever,*d!ptheria and cholera!” “Well, there Is not quite the same danger frbm consumption as thero Is from smallpox. Most diseases are contagious. Consumption can never bo stamped out by law. People suffering from It can not be dragged from their homes to a special hospital.” Dr. T. C. Minor declared that ho took no stock In the theory that consumption Is con tagious. “The death rate -from consumption Is al ways greatest on the sea coast and gradually diminishes toward the Interior. A moist climate devclopcs lung trouble. Ido not be lieve It can be accounted for by tho microbe theory. It would be the height of cruelty to Isolate consumptives from their friends and relatives, who arc the only ones who will properly care for them.” Dr. V. Forcbhelmcr said briefly: “Con sumption is sometimes contagious, but not always. I can not now discuss tho matter fully.” AMICK’S THEORY. How It Conflicts With Boms Received Opinions. When the Cincinnati Post undertook, over a year ago, to examine Into the causes of tuberculosis and the methods which bad been ndvnnccd for its cure, the Idea was to so thoroughly sift and test alleged “cures” that their merit should finally be settled to the satisfaction of the public. Dr. W. R. Amick had just announced that consumption could be cured by tho use of a new method, which he proposed to Introduce. Other doctors In considerable numbers, de rided the Idea that anything more efficient than old school treatment with cod liver oil, creosotcand the various hypophosphltcs could be devised, and some dt them entered the newspapers and medical journals to say so in brusque English. Others, again, who wero not so confident that the acme of medical science had been reached, were disposed to await a test of Amlck’s method, before giv ing their opinions. It was nt this stage of the proceedings that The Post conceived the Idea of selecting test cases of consumption, and also one or two of asthma for Amick to treat, the doctor having declared that his formula was equally effect ive In asthmatic troubles. Tho plqq for the test, as laid down by The Post, and accepted finally by Amick, was to select from persons who were affected with tuberculosis and had passed beyond the Initial stage, and would therefore be past the assistance of such treat ment- a* could be given by the standard meth ods of tbC day. It was agreed that If Amick succeeded in curing the test patients bo should be given full and free credit for the- same.* and that If he failed the treatment should receive merited condemnation. . Full reports of the progress of the tests were Uf be published frequently until the end of the undertaking and the pa tients cither died or got well. Acting on this plan The Post advertised for patients and secured several, including one of chrpntc asthma of 37 year* standing, and others of consumption which bad progressed Into the third stage. The treatment of all the cares was persistently carried on for over six months. The progress of the test was duly chronicled, and became familiar to all the 'people of the Ohio Valley and contiguous states. Marked Interest was excitedand the outcome was as anxiously awaited by tho pub lio aa by tho unfortunate patients them aelves. After the lapse of the time- mentioned 77 u Post stated that all of the test patients were alive and well. At the present time one of the test patients Is living at North Bend, 0., while another re sides on West Fourth street, Cincinnati, and Is continually praising the Amick cure as a final relief from long-continued trouble; and the third, wbo-galned 32 pounds in fix weeks, has become a giaut In strength, aud lives now on Main street. Just h.efosqthn test of the Amlok euro took plaoe, ns narrated, Dr. Koch, the celebrated German physician and scientist, had an nounced a cure for tuberculosis, which, when thoroughly tested, proved to be Inefficient, and the sol lapse of the general expectation ROCKY FORD, COLORADO, THURSDAY. NOVEMBER 16 1893. which had followed Koch’s announcement, made It difficult for Amlck’s treatment to find favor. Nevertheless a considerable number of phy sicians, noting the apparently favorable pro gress of the lefts, and convinced by the sincer ity of Dr. Amick, by thelnct that ho declared himself willing to send out free to all regular practitioners sample outfits of his mediolnes, with directions of treatment of test cases, concluded to experiment for themselves, and to this end sent for medicines and direc tions. While their test cases were progressing In various parts of tho country, other physi cians, who thought to get rid of patients whom they could no longer treat with any show of success, sent tho same to Amick, de termined to shift all responsibility upon him, and perchance cause a failure of a system of treatment which would muke an unfavora ble comparison with their own. Some of them declared that Amlck’s refusal to make public his formula of medicines was a great wrong, and of Itself suggested a mon ey-making spirit, rather than a broad and hu manitarian character. Amick replied to these critics that his rea son for keeping the formula secret was to prevent the tinkering of Inefficient doctors, who, by adding to or subtracting from the medicines, would achieve varied results. In the main disastrous, and the whole system would, In time, be thrown Into disrepute. It was a new theory of practice, which waa con fronted by the opposition of old-time Ideas and prejudices, and every safeguard was needed that couid be devised to keep the med icines and method of applying them free from innovations, until such time as tbu treat ment should become universally approved and accepted, when the formulas might, with out further restraint, be freely given to the world. Dr. Amick, In the early days of his experi ments, was beset with doubts and fears as to the final outcome, and he was greatly troubled over some of the desperate cases of consump tion sent to him by other physicians for treat ment. He scarcely knew himself the virtues of the treatment he had originated, and trem bled lest many deaths should occur on his hands and discredit the treatment. But a large percentage of the third stage cases sent to him improved visibly under his care, and finally ended In recoveries. Others died. The fame of Amlck’s new treatment had by this time become generally diffused through out America, and vast numbers of letters of Inquiry came pouring In upon the Cinclnnnatl physician from the north, south, east and west. The doctor finally awoke to the fact that be had become famous. A Cincinnati correspondent of tho New York Recorder called tho attention of that journal to the Amick test cases which had been conducted by the Cincinnati Post, and aa the lieeorder was In the field with an offer of a SI,OOO prize for the demonstration of a successful method of treating tuberculosis, an arrangement was made with Dr. Amick for a public test lu New York. The Recorder selected 10 patients, whom Dr. Amick took under bis care, with tho ulti mate, result that all but one was pronounced cured, and the Recorder, having satisfied It self of the fact of their recovery, paid Amick the tbousand-dollar prize. This triumph of the Cincinnati discoverer was not unalloyed with bitterness, however. Envious persons, and others who practiced medielne under the old-time rules and regu lations, seeing the rise of Amlck’s new treatment, opened fire upon him through the columns of certain journals, and eu de&vored to convince the public that some how or other the doctor’s discovery was not all* It seemed to be. 110 had long practiced medicine in Cincinnati, however, and had been of excellent reputation* In the craft. Bo Innuendos fell flat, more especially when his brother, the well known l'rof. M. L. Amick, also of the Cincinnati College of Medicine and Surgery, came out and asso ciated himself In the new treatment, bring ing with him the ripe results of twenty-five years’ medical labors. Dr. W. R. Amick did not at the time declare, por does he do so now, that his treatment Is an Infallible one. He insists that no ex travagant claims shall be mado for It, nnd assorts that not more than twenty per cent, of third-stage cases can irecelvo any lasting benefit from his medicines. Ho does, how ever, declare that tho treatment Is almost a specific lu tho earlier stages of consump tion where tho directions given By him are carefully observed and no complication of other diseases Is present. Slnco the close of the tests made by the Post nnd tho Recorder, many other pers throughout the United Btatcs havo con ducted similar tests, and so have numerous hospitals and sanitariums. The Minneapolis’ Times, speaking editori ally of the spread of the Amick cure, says: “Thirty or more physicians In tho city have taken tho medicines compounded by Dr. Amick and are testing them In their practice. One of the doctors gives it as Ills opinion that the medicines, in the test cases, accomplished more than the discoverer claim ed for them. It may be that a reliable cure has been found, but If not that, a help has been Introduced which will greatly assist In the unequal battle that must be fought against this enemy of human life.” Another editorial article published by the Minneapolis Journal, says: “Dr. Amick, who has acquired a great deal of celebrity of late by his successful treatment of phthisis, has recently bad his cure Investigated by and at the Instigation of the press ot Cleveland. Of ten almost hopeless cases which were selected, only one died, two wero pronounced cured, four showed marked improvement, and three were much Improved. In all cases there was an incrense In weight, and the subjects had only been under treatment two months. “The physicians who watched the course of treatment expressed themselves as satisfied with the cure, and testified as to the great value of the discovery. But a number of doc tors who were interviewed accused Dr Amick of‘violating the code.’ He has made one of the most wonderful and valuable discoveries ever hoped for In medicine, but he refuses to give tho formula to every Tom, Dick and Harry to monkey with, and-be therefore ‘vio lates the code.’ ” Tho success of Amlck’s treatment has brought Into the greatest prominence his the ory that the disease produced the microbe, as against the theory of Koch and many physi cians that the bacillus microbe was the cause of consumption. Koch had directed Ills ef forts towards the destruction .of this microbe, while avoiding killing the patient. In this he admits that he failed. As a result, his medicine, “tuberculins, ’.J Is not now used. It is believed that something like one-half of the medical profession now adopt Amiok’s theory, although be has by no means a unan imous support In bis beliefs. It will be seen that Dr. Amlck’s theory Is In direct conflict with tho Ideas of those who, through lack of a better term, may be called the bacteriologists of the profession, and who ascribe all lung troubles to bacteria or ba clHl. These bacteriologists demand, ns will be noted In some of the Interviews given above, that all consumptive* be Isolatod and treated as though they bad smallpox or yellow fever. They Insist that a wife shall be separated from her sick husband and a husband from his dying wife, In order to avoid contagion. The opportunity to freely test the Amick cure Is still given to regular physicians In all states of the Union and every day, in response to calls, over 200 free outfits .are sent out to applicants. The criticism continues to bo made by physicians of tho unchanging nnd nonpro gressive school that Dr. Amick, In allowing the newspapers to exploit his cure, fias out raged his profession and should be severely reprimanded. The reply is mode to this charge that Dr. Amick had no control of tho secular press, and ho very frankly says that If he had he would not have discouraged any honorable effprt to bring his' treatment at once thor oughly before the public. Had the usual slow channels of the medical journals been the only means of publicity,- thousands *of consumptive* would have died In tho Interval. Dr Ainlck does not go, In hi* opinion, a atep further In allowing publics attention to be oalled to hi* treatment than did Dr. Koch, the German aeientlit, In spreading the newe of hi*. Teiegrapnle Brevities. j Oa the oth *llrer was quoted at 70cent* per ounce. i J. M. Rusk, ex-secretary of agriculture, 1* , very sick. The revolution In Cuba Is reported to have broken out afresh. | Weeks, the New York embezzler, has been sentenced to ten years. The Salt Lake Tribune advises the Liberal party in Utah to disband. Fhll. Evans, a negro ravlsher, is on trial at Bardstown. Kentucky. There Is great dan ger of lynching and a race war us a result. Tho British forces In South Africa arc re ported to have won a decisive victory over the Matabcles and to have killed 2,000 of them. By tho capsizing of a yawl In New York Bay nine workmen were drowned on the 4tli. The sea was rough nnd a squall struck them. A Nebraska county treasurer who Is short In Ills accounts has been in the habit of doing a kind of banking business with farmers, and has a large sum loaned on farm mortgages. Tho Pacific Mail steamer Costa Rica was fired upon at a port in Honduras because its captain would not surrender a passenger who led a revolution In Honduras. No damage was done and the ship got away. Uncle Stun will Investigate. * Judge Parker, at Little Rock, sentenced Henry Starr, tho notorious train robber nnd highwayman, to be hanged February 20tli, for the murder of United States Marshal Floyd In the Indian Territory. Sturr was ar rested at Colorado Sprlugs. There was a very bad riot at Vienna on tho night of tho 3rd. Socialist* tried to break up a meeting of Liberals, and fougbt the po lice stubbornly. Many on both sides were se verely hurt, and It was with the utmost diffi culty that the mob was dispersed. The state department has. It Is said, re ceived assurances from tho Chinese minister that he will Induce his countrymen now lu the country to comply with the Geary act a* amended, nnd It Is believed the law will re celvo the moral support of tho Six Compa nies. As a result of tho carelessness of chemists a disastrous explosion of ether occurred at Brcslttovsk, a town of Russian Poland, 131 miles from Grodno. A whole house was blown to pieces nnd twenty persons killed and a large number Injured. Several adjoin ing houses were badly damaged. Scaling circles are greatly exorcised over notices that havo been Tccelvcd stating that any vessel found sealing within the ninety mile limit of the Commodore group of Islands on the Siberian coast would be confiscated, together with all tackle. Officers and crews, It is stated, may expect sixteen . months’ im prisonment In the mines of Siberia. In reply to Inquiries It is stated at the Treasury department that the actual resump tion of the coinage of silver ' dollars has not yet been ordered, but the mints have been directed to manufacture the ingots and blanks so ns to be prepnred to resume the coinage at short notice In case It should be decided to do so. The will of A. Montgomery, who died at Snn Francisco, has been filed for probate. After bequeathing $650,000 to his widow, SIOO,OOO In trust for his two minor children and $50,000 for a monument, the remaiuder of the estate is left to tho San Francisco Theological Seminary. Ills fortune Is esti mated at $3,000,000. Official dispatches have been sent to Chi huahua city requesting that troops be sent from Jnnrcz nt once to protect Polomas, Mex ico. from the Tamochl Indian revolutionists, fifty of whom took possession of the town nnd now have control of the custom-house and all the public buildings. Citizens Arc in a stato of terror and fear the Indians will sa'ck the town. There was n head-end colllsioa between a freight and a passenger train on the Hocking Valley road on the 9th. Both engines wero reduced to a mass of shnpelcss Iron, and the baggage car was smashed to splinters. The smoker was also badly damaged nnd a num ber of freight cars wero wrecked. The small number of fatalities—four —Is remarkable, and a number of narrow escapes nrc reported. Tho Chicago’ council chamber was tho scene of a most, disgraceful fight a few ntghts ago, ns n result of Republicans and -Demo crats both being anxious to secure the office of mayor pro tern. A rough and tumble fight was Indulged in, nnd policemen hud to clear tlic hall. Afterwards a compromise was ar ranged and G. fi. Swift, Republican, was elected. ’ The election for a new mayor will be held next month.. Secretary of State Gresham advises the President that the present provisional govern ernment In the Hnwuiian islands Is Illegal be cause it was brought Into existence nnd Is Inrgcly maintained by tho moral and pbyslcnl support of this country, lie thinks that it would never have obtained power If the war ship Boston had not been In tho harbor and sent marines nshore. He therefore recom mends the restoration of Lllioukalanl. A band of Macedonians attacked the town of Prlsrend. In Alb&nln, on Wednesday last and drove the Turkish garrison Into the citadel. When the Turks bad been safely boxed up tho Macedonians looted tho stores and man sions of the lending citizens, and sacked the theological seminary. The people barricaded tbemsclves in houses and hid their valuables In every possiblo place. The Invaders have demanded of the sultan the evacuation of tho citadel within a limited time. Thomas Barnes, aged 38, unmarried, a coal miner employod nt the Dugan mine, two miles from Durango, was Instantly killed 150 feet from entry of the mine, lie was work ing with a partner In a narrow room. Sud denly several tons of rock and dirt fell from the roof, crushing Barnes to death in an In stant. Ills partner was not injured. Barnes bad only worked for the Dugan company since Monday and was n silver miner. He had /forked in Sllvcrton for several years. A daring attempt made to rob the Bociety Of Savings nt Cleveland, Ohio, on the 10th, nearly resulted in the murder of Colonel Myron T. Herrick, the treasurer of the insti tution. Owing to the bravery of Colonel Herrick the robber was balked, although the treasurer had a narrow escape from death. A stranger walked Into his private office and drawing n revolver ordered Colonel Herrick to go into the vault and get $50,000 for him. Colonel Herrick promptly struck the man In tho face, knocking him down. The robber sprung to his feet, shot nt Colonel Herrick, and sprang out of an open window Into the street. The ball passed through the right side of Colonel Herrick’s coat. Tho robber has not been found. By a rear-end collision on the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific, Wednesday evening at Seventy-first street, Chicago, three people were killed and many Injured. Passenger train No. 11, known as the limited vcstlbulcd express, crashed Into the end of a Blue Island accommodation, badly wrecking two coaches and the engine of tbo limited. Owing to fog signals could not be seen. Tbc engine of the express train plowed its way Into the rear coach of the accommodation. The car was picked up nnd carried forward, so great was the momentum, and was driven with terrible forco Into the end of the second coach from the rear. The explosion of a lamp Ignited the woodwork In the debris and tbc fire soon began to, spread rapidly, but the passengers were hurriedly removed. A large number were injured or scalded. The steamer Fraser burned on Lake Nlpls slng, Ontario, on the 7tb, nnd twenty lives were lost. The affair has caused great ex citement throughout the district. The steamer wns owned by Dnvldson, Hay & Co., Of Toronto, nnd was bound for Frank's bay with supplies for tlic lumber men. She caught fire about three miles from Goose island and a panic must have ensued, as only seven, including the fireman and cook, were saved out of tho twenty-seven or twenty eight, notwithstanding the fact the steamer carried the usual supply of life-boats and preservers, and had a large seow In tow. The engine, for somo unaccountable reason, was not stopped and during all tbc tlmo the boat was burning *bc continued to plough through the water. Some of the men struggling In the water managed to climb Into a boat which had been launched, but were caught to tho steamer’* wheel and wont down. A ROUSING APPEAL. Deserted by the Ernst, Mast Stand by One Another or Alt Perish To. gather. The members of tho Colorado Manufactur ers’ Exchange have issued the following ap peal to tbo merchants and citizens of the en tire Trans-Missouri country: Fellow Citizens of the West: Congressional aetlon having ruthlessly stricken down our leading industry, It has be come more than ever of paramount Import ance, In order to build up our other Indus tries, that the citizens of all tbo states and territories lying between the Missouri river and the Pacific should Individually exert themselves to develop the great and varied resources and foster the general Interests of tho West, and, as far as possible, In futuro keep western money In western circulation, by giving tho preference in their purchases to western products In all reasonable ways. ** Such a course will maintain the present western factories and encourage the estab lishment of new ones; will Incrcaso the local market for western raw materials; will furn ish remunerative employment for additional western labor; will not ouly maintain but In crease the present population of the West; will Justify western railroad* In lowering freight rates by the great Increase of Inter changeable western tonnage; and will dimin ish the vast annual tribute the West ha* been and 1* still paying to distant communities, which apparently lack the most ordinary ap preciation of wesiern Interests. We urge you to follow this policy loyally and persistently: 1. With regard to tho Industries of your own cities, counties and states, for the good work should begin with your own neighbors. Colorado desires to see every western state and territory build up. 2. Subjeet to your duty to your Immediate neighbors, glvo the manufacturers on tbo Missouri river and westward the preference In your purchases, so long as their goods are equal In quality and as reasonable In price aa those of distant competitors. By order. Taomas Tonqb, Secretary Colorado Manufacturers’ Exchungc. Denver, Colo., November 4, 1893. ARKANSAS TRAIN ROBBERY. Bandits Clean Out the Express Car and Hold Up the Passengers— Con ductor Killed. Fast express train No. 51 of the St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern, known as the Texas mall, was held up and robbed by seveo masked men at Ollphant, Arkansas, seven miles north of Newport, at 1 o’clock Friday night. ’ When train No. 51 stopped at the station two men jumped on the train, and, pointing revolvers at the engineer and fireman, warned them to keep still, threatening to blow their brains out If they moved a muscle. The other five men surrounded the express car, wbleh was open, and began firing. Conductor J. P. McNally emptied his revolver and the robbers returned the fire, but before be bad succeeded In woundlug any of them ho was shot and killed. The robbers entered the express car, over powered the messenger and looted the car. Leaving two men to guard the trainmen, the other robbers proceeded to rob the pas senger cars. They entered the coaches and sleepers, and, at the point of their revolvers, relieved the passengers of their valuables. They then left with a parting volley, taking a northerly direction. A telegram was At once sent to the sheriff at Newport, who formed a posse and started In pursuit. An engine was dispatched to Au gusta for bloodhounds. Telograms were quickly sent to Little Rock for assistance, and a special train left at 1:05, carrying a posse and a pack of bloodhounds. No Idea of the amount of money secured by the robbers can be given. It was stated Saturday that two of the rob bers had been caught and jailed, and that a po3*c was hot on the trail of four others, with a good prospect of capturing them. Cleveland's Thanksgiving Proclamation. The president has Issued tho following Thanksgiving proclamation: By the President of tho United* Blate* of Amortca; Proclamation: While tho American pcoplo should every day remember wl.b praise and thanksgiving tbo divine goodness and mercy which have followed them slncj their beginning as a na tion, It Is fitting that one day in each year should be especially devoted to the contem plation of the blessing we have received from the hand of God, and to tho grateful ac knowledgment of his loving kindness. Therefore, I, Grover Cleveland, president of the United States, do hereby designate and set apart Thursday, the 80th day of tho present month of November, as a day of thanksgiving and praise, to be observed by all the peoplo of our land. On that day let us forego our ordinary work and employ ments, and assemble In our usual places of worship, where wc may recall all God has done for us, and where, from grateful hearts, our united tribute of praise and song may reach the throne of grace. Let the reunion of kindred and the social meeting of friends lend cheer and enjoyment to tho day, and let generous gifts of charity for the relief of the poor and needy prove the sincerity of our thanksgiving. (Signed.) GnovF.il Cleveland. By the President, Walter Q. Gkesiiasi, Secretary of State. Fourth Class Postmasters. R. A. Maxwell, the fourth assistant post master-general, In his annual report shows that appointments of fourth-elass postmasters havo been made during the year as follows: On resignations nnd expiration of terms, 9,- 161; increase, 1,903: on removals, 8,661; In crease, 2,456; on offices becoming presiden tial, 208; decrease, 27; on deaths of post masters, 597; decrease, 204; on establish ment of postoffices, 2,621; decrease, 1,484. Totals—Appointments, 16,288; Increase, 4,- 359; decrease, 1,715. Cleveland Reconsiders. It is reported In the papers that Colonel T. Hampton Hoge of Virginia, who was recently appointed consul to Amoy, China, Is at Snn Francisco, and expected to start for China Thursday. A dispatch was received to tbc effect that President Cleveland bnd removed him. Iloge will go cast instead of going west. In an Interview last week he said: “There is great dissatisfaction jn Virginia over the proposed repeal of the Sherman law, the friends of silver In Virginia outnumber ing the monometalllsU five to one.” General Warner's Address. General A. J. Warner, president of tbo B!mctalllcLeague,bas Issued an address which, after dwelling on the recent silver legisla tion. closes: “The remedy must l>e sought at the ballot box. Catechise every candidate for a legisla tive office and pledge every candidate for Congress to work and vote for the restoration of the constitutional standard of money with tbo coinage of both metals, without discrim ination against either, and the issue and con trol of paper money by tho government of the United States. Retire every representa tive who has been unfaithful to his trust and e'.eot only true and tried men to represent your Interest to the grot* struggle now before u,” ANOTHER SPANISH TRAGEDY. A Dumb Exploded in a Theater at Bar celona Kills Fifteen Persons aud Causes n Terrible Ktampede. A dynamite bomb, thrown by alleged ansr ehlsts I nto tbc midst of a crowded theater, Is the latest outrage and disaster to be recorded In Spain. Thirty persons are dead and eighty wounded, some of whom will die. The Llceo theater, on the Rambalade Cnpuchlnos, the Italian opera house, a magnificent build ing, was filled on tne Bth by a large and dis tinguished audience, and It Is estimated to havo numbered nearly 4,000 people. Tlie opera “William Tell” was being performed fer the first time after a long Interval. While the performance was proceeding, two dyna mite bombs wero suddenly hurled from tbo topmost gallery Into tho midst of the stalls on the tloor of the house. One of tho bombs ex ploded with a terrible report, wliloh scattered death and wounds and destruction upon all sides. Tbc second bomb, apparently, did not explode, having fallen In the lap of a lady, from which It rolled harmlessly to the lloor. The explosion caused a scene of terror and confusion rarely witnessed In a theater. Tho whole audience rose to Its feet with horror and dismay, hardly knowing what happened. For a moment the Llceo was filled with smoko and dust, falling glass and plaster, w-hich increased the feeling of terror and wild panic which animated tho vast audi ence. The terrified crowd completely lost sense of control, all regard for women and children scented to vanish, and tbc crowd madly fought Its way through the doors with the usual result, that many were trampled under foot. Thus, In a very few minutes, comparatively, the thenter was emptied, except of tho uend and Injured. The stalls presented a terrible appearance. The part w here the bomb ex ploded was a utas3 of splintered wreckage, amid which lay numbers of dead bodies, somo of them so terribly mixed as to be beyond recognition. When the wrockage was In some degree cleared away, fifteen dead bod ies were found, of which six were those of men and nine of women. Tho bodies of the unfortunate ladles lay close together, their bright-colored evening dresses, laces nnd Jew elry, glove?, bats and bonnets, nnd other fin ery, drenched with blood and torn In a most fearful manner. It Is reported that a large proportion of the killed belong to one fam ily. At some distance from tbc fatal spot whero the dead bodies lay were many ladles and gentlemen who had been wounded by splinters of pieces of glass and frag ments of Iron. Of those wounded several were so badly hurt that they may not recover. Tliq stairs and corridors wero next Bcafchcri for dead nnd wounded people who fell victims in that horrlblo rush for the doors that fol lowed the explosion. Upon the stairs nnd in tho corridors three persons wero found lying dead, and a large number of seriously Injured people were picked up. Tho second act of nn opera bad just com menced when tbo bombs were thrown either from the fourth or from the fifth gallery. Fifteen persons wero killed Instantly and fifteen more have slnoo succumbed. Eighty persons arc lu a very serious condition, tome of them from Injuries and others from fright. The Interior of the opera house was badly wrecked. Tbo Italian, Saldanl, who wns arrested on suspicion of being rcspcnslLlo for the out rage, declares his Innocence, but his state ments are contradictory, and he will be kept until further Investigation by the police. Sev eral well-known Spanish anarchists hare been arrested on suspicion tbnt they have knowl edge of the authorship.of the crltnc. . It Is reported that Saldanl has confessed. MELILLA IS BESIEGED. Mach Discontent In Madrid Over th Situation Theto. The discontent over the defett at Mellila Is growing. The latest reports state all the forts, Including Mellila, are practically be sieged. The provisioning of the troops re quires repeated engagements and Involves serious loss of life. While attachments of dragoons from Dclaglo were being landed on the 6th ut Mellila, the Moors, In dcflanco of the guns of the fort, approached within 200 feet of tbo steamboat landing. The soldiers fired volley after volley at tbo Moors, who only retreated after several of their number had been killed. The Sultan of Morocco Is reposted to have arrived at Tnfllatc on October 7, where ho prayed at tho shrine of his ancestors and afterward proceeded toward the city of Mor nlo, one of the capitols of the empire. The sultan is believed to have heard of the rising of Arabs around Mellila, and to be marching upon that place with the Intention of chas tising the tribes now In arms against the Spanish. The Arabs become bolder every hour and are increasing In numbers. They are well supplied with ammunition and horses. The Spaulards are harassed every day. At night the Arabs approach the shore and open fire upon the war ships until the early morning hours drive them away. The situa tion is rendered all the more exciting from the fact that the government declares that the cable communications with Mellila Is again to be Interrupted. Removing Miitssfa. A dispatch to the I.ondon Standard from Berlin, says: The German cruiser Spcerber has left the Samoan Islands to transfer Chief Mataafa from tbcUnlonlslunds to the Marshal Islands, where be will be detained In accord ance with the resolution of the three powers. Chief Justice Ide, Chief Municipal Schmidt and Territorial Commissary Chambers have’ arrived at Apia. I*ubllc Debt Htstement. The public debt statement shows the net Increase of the debt, less cosh In the treasury, during the month of October was $5,141,058. The intercbt-bearlng debt Increased $1,300. The Interest-bearing debt Is $585,039,040, tbe debt on which interest has censed since ma turity, $1,574,570, nnd the debt bearing no In terest. $374,932,882, a total debt of $961,946.- 492. The gold reserve to-day is $84,884,862 and the net cash balance $17,909,429, a total balance of $102,294,291, a decrease during tbe month of $4,581,341. A British Federation. Mr. Campbell-Bannerman, a member of Gladstone’s cabinet, recently told his con stituents in Sterling that not home rule for Ireland alone, but borne rule for other part# also of tbe United Kingdom, was the aim of the Liberal party. Any inconveulence at tendant upon tbe retention of Irish members at Westminster, he added, was surely worth enduring for the sake of their great object. Mr. Asquith does not hesitate to confess to ■lmtlnr convictions. Tbc Dally Standard, tho Weekly Spectator and other Unionist organs dilate upon the tremendous Importance of n policy by which the Liberals virtually com mit themselves to evolution, towrakoning tbo historic continuity of the constitution aud to transforming the United Kingdom into a col leotloo of Hate government* on tbe federal model NO. 25. WOULD RESTORE THE QUEEN. leoratary Omham Thinks that Julln Requires that the Old Order of Thlnie In the Hawaiian Kingdom be Ke-ee tabllahed. Secretary Gresham baa advanced to tho president a lengthy communication on tba subject of the government of Hawaii. Ha quotes extensively from tba report of Mr. Blount, who was »ent as special commis sioner to the Islands, and also Mr. Stevens, the former minister, lie arrives at the con clusion that Queen Lllioukalant would not bare been dethroned except by the aid of United States marines, and thinks that jus tice demands that she bo restored to power. He says: At an early stage of the negotia tion,lf not at the beginning, Mr. Btevens promised the annexationists, as soon as they gained possession of tbo government building and there read a proclamation of the charac ter above referred to, ho would at once rec ognize them as the de facto government and support them by the force from our warship then In the harbor, and he kept that promise. This assurance was the Inspiration of tbs movement, and without It the annexationists would not have exposed themselves to the consequences of failure. They relied upon no military force of their own, for they had none worthy the name. The provisional gov ernment was established by the action of the American minister and tho presence of troops landed from the Boston, and in sufficient force to lead to the belief that the Hawallans, If they made an effort to overthrow, would encounter tho armed forces of the United States. The earnest appeals to tho American minis ter for military protection by the officers of tho provisional government, after It had been organized, shows the utter absurdity of the claim that It was established by a successfu revolution of tho people. These appeals were a confession by the men who made them of their weakness and timidity. Courageous men, conscious of the strength and justice of their cause, do not thus act. It Is not now claimed that a majority of the people having the right to vote under the legislation of 1887 ever favored tho existing authority, or annex ation to this or any other country. They earned what they desire—governmentof their choice, which should be restored and Its In dependence respected. Mr. Blount says that while In Honolulu he did not meet a single annexationist who expressed willingness to submit the question to a vote of the people, nor did he talk with one who did not insist that If the islands 'were annexed suffrage should be restricted so as to give complete control to foreigners or whites, and repre sentative annexationists have repeatedly made similar statements to the undersigned. The government of Hawaii surrendered Its authority under a threat of war until such time only as the government of the United Btates, upon the fact being presented to It, should reinstate the constitutional sovereign and tho provisional government was created “to exist until terms of union with the Unit ed States of America had been made and agreed upon.” A careful consideration of the facts will, I think,convince you that the treaty which was withdrawn from the Senate for further con sideration, should not be resubmitted for Its aotion thereon. Should not tbo great wrong done to a feeble, but lndependant state, by an abuse of the authority of the United States, be undone by restoring the legitimate governmenti Anything short of that, I will not respectfully subm!t,satlsfy the demands of justice. Can the UnitedStatea conscientiously Insist thf.t other nations shall respect the In dependence of Hawaii while not respecting it themselves) Our government was the first to recognize tho Independence of the Islands, and should be the lost to acquire sovereignty over them by force and fraud. The Situation In Hawaii. Unless he has met with some delay, United States Minister Willis has now been In Hono lulu a week, and It Is not Improbable that he has carried Into effect the Instructions be took with him, which have been so well kept a secret on this side of the Pacific. If he has done so the steamer which left Honolulu on the 11th will bring the first news of the con sequent events. Whatever course the administration may have determined upon to secure the restora tion of the queen, It Is evident Secretary Gresham does not expect extreme measures will have to be resorted to. The course pro posed to be pursued seems to be to request the present government, In tbo name of the United States, to give way quietly to the restoration of the queen. The Hawallans In San Francisco are very firm In their convlotlon that the government will refuse to yield to any such gentle per suasion as that. They assert their earnest belief that It will require at least a show of force to induce them to resign the reins of authority. But this opinion Is not unanimous among those familiar with affairs In the Islands. .It Is pointed out how long and severe a strain there has been on the members of the pro visional government in the uncertainty that has beset their position. The manner and purpose of their creation, it is pointed out, shows how dependent they are upon tho United btates. Results of Rest oration. The San Francisco Chronicle , commenting edltoriallv on the Hawaiian question, calls Commissioner Blount’s labors in Honolulu a “farcical Investigation,” and, referring to Secretary Gresham’s recommendations that tbc queen be restored to the throne, says: “This Is a new business for an American president to engage In. There Is strong ground for believing that the restoration of the monarchy will prove the deathblow to American Interests In the Islands, and that, perhaps, the destruction of those Interests may be accompanied by acts of violence for which the American people will hold Grover Cleveland responsible.” Forces at Honolulu. The United States Is now represented at Honolulu by the flagship Philadelphia and the corvette Kearsarge. They are regarded as sufficient to enforce any contention of this government. In case more ships are needed, regarded by some people as a strong possibil ity, the York town, at Callao; the Alliance, at La Libcrtad, and the Monterey, Mohican and Ranger, at San Francisco, could be con centrated at Honolulu In from-two to four weeks’ time. All told, the force of American blue jackets, marines and officers at Honolu lu numbers 568 men. rJ ''~ Conditions at Rio. - Martial law has been proclaimed again In Rio de Janeiro by President Pelxoto, extend ing to November 30. When this became known Admiral Mello, commanding the rebel fleet, warned all families living in the vicin ity of the marine and arsenals that he in tended to bombard both sections of the city. The English squadron protested that It would be necessary to allow forty-eight hours for foreigners to retire, and such notice had not been given. Many families are leaving. Ad miral Mello, so Pelxoto’s adherents reported, is sooklDg a pretext for violating the agree ment between himself and Pelxoto and reprty win tat Ives of foreign powers In respect to pre serving Rio de Janeiro aa an open oity.