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ROCKY FORD ENTERPRISE.
VOL. VII. PRESIDENT CLEVELAND'S MESSAGE. TOUCHES MANY SUBJECTS. Mr. mount’* Report Approved.—Tariff Reform Urged —No Hurry About a Change In tho Currency. Presideut Cleveland’s message was sub mitted to Congress on the 4th. It Is a very long document, of which the following Is the most Important portion: To the Congress of tha United mates: The conatltutlouil duties which require the president from time to tlma to give to the congress Information of the state of the Union and recommend 1o their con sideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient. Is fittingly en tered upon by communicating to the con gress a careful examination of the detailed statements and well supported recom mendations contained In the reports of the heads of departments who are chlehy charged with the executive work of the government. In on efTort to abridge this communication as much as la consistent With Its purpose I shall supplement a brief reference to the contants of the de partmental reports by the mention of such executive business and Incidents as are not embraced therein and by such rec ommendations ns appear to be at this par ticular time appropriate. While our for eign relations have not at all times dur lng the past year been entirely free from perplexity no embarrassing situation re mains that will not yield to the spirit of fairness and love of justice, wh.ch. Joined with consistent firmness, characterize a truly American foreign policy. My predecessor having accepted the office of arbitrator of the long standing boundary disputes, tendered to the presi dent by the Argentine Republic and Bra zil. It has been my agreeable duty to re ceive the special envoys commissioned by these states, to lay before me evidence and arguments In behalf of their re spective governments. The outbreak ot democratic hostilities In the republic of Brazil found the United States alert to watch the Interests of our citizens in that country, with which we carry on Important commerce. Beveral vessels of our new navy ore now and for some time have been stationed at Rio de Janeiro. The struggle is between the established government, which controls the machinery of the administration, and with which we maln raln friendly relations, and certain offi cers of the navy employing the vessels of their command In an attack upon the na tional capital and chief seaport; this, lacking as It does, the elements of divided administration. I have failed to see that the Insurgents can reasonably claim recog nition as belligerents. Thus for the po sition of our government has been that cf an attentive but an Impartial observer <of th* unfortunate conflict. In passing upon our fixed policy of Im partial neutrality In such a condition of affairs as now exist, I deem it necessary to disallow In a manner not to be misun derstood the unauthorized action of our late naval commander in those waters In saluting the revolutionist Brazilian ad miral. Being Indisposed to countenance an ao*. calculated to give gratuitous sanction to the local Insurrection. The convention between our govern ment and Chili, having for Its object the settlement and adjustment of the de mands of the two countries against each other, 4108 been made effective by the or ganization of the claims commission pro vided for. The two governments falling to agree upon the 'third member of the commission, the good offices of the presi dent of the Swiss republic were invoked, as provided In the treaty, and the selec tion of the Swiss representative In this country to complete the organization was grait'fying alike to the United States and to Chill. The vexatious question of so called legation asylum for offenders against the a*ate and ite law* was pre sented in Chill by the unauthorised action of the late United States minister in re ceiving in his official res’den ce two per sons who had Just failed In an attempt at revolution, and against whom criminal charges were pending, growing out of for mer disturbances. ...» The doctrine of asylum, os applied to this case Is not sanctioned toy the best precedents, and when allowed tends to encourage sedlt'on and strife. Uuder no circumstances can the representatives of this government be permitted, under the 111-defined Action of extra territory, to in terrupt the administration of criminal Jus tice In the countries to which they are ac credited. A temperate demand having been made toy the Ch’llan government for the correction of this conduct in the In stance mentioned, the minister was In structed no longer to harbor the offend ers. By article 12 of the general act of Brus sels, signed July 2, 1890, for tha suppres sion of the elave trade and the restric tion of certain injurious commerce In the independent st3't9 of the Congo, and In the adjacent zone of Central _Africa, the United States and the o>ther signatory powers agreed to adopt approprlata mean 8 for the punishment of persons soiling arms and ammunition to the natives and for the confiscation of the Inhibited ar ticles. It being the plain duty of this gov ernment to aid In suppressing the nefar ious traffic, impairing as It does the praiseworthy and civilizing efforts now In progress in that region, I recommend that an act be passed prohibiting the sale of arms and Intoxicants too natives In the regulated zone by our citizens. The questions affecting our relation* with Great Britain have been treated In a spirit of friendliness, negotiations arc in progress between the two governments .with a view to such concurrent action as will make the award and regulation? agreed Upon by the Behring sex tribunal of arbitration practically effective, and It Is not doubted that Great Britain will co operate freely with 'this country for the accomplishment of that purpose. The dispute growing out of the discrim inations tolls Imposed In the Welland canal upon cargoes of cereals bound to and from the lake ports of the United Btates was adjusted by the substitution of a more equitable schedule of charges and my predecessor thereupon suspended his proclamation imposing discriminating tolls upon British vessels in transit through our canals. A request for additions to the list of ex traditable offenses covered by the ex isting treaty between the two countries lz under consideration. ; It Is hardly necessary for me to speak of the ques.lons arising from our rela tions with Hawaii, which have caused se rious embarrassments. Just prior to the Install&L'on of the present admlnlstatlon, the existing government of Hawaii had been suddenly overthrown and a treaty of annexation had been negotiated between .the provisional government of the islands and submitted to the senate for r&tiAca tlon. This treaty It withdrew for examin ation, and dispatched Hon. James A. Blount of Qtorgla to Hono.ulu as a special comm'ssloner to make an Impartial inves tigation of the circumstances attending the change in the government, and of all the conditions bearing upon the subject of the treaty. After a thorough and ex haustive examination, Mr. Blount sub mitted to me his report, showing bayond all question that the constitutional gov ernment of Hawaii toad been subverted, with the active a'd of our representative to that government, and through the In timidation caused by the presence of an armed naval force of the United States, which was landed for that purpose at the instance of our minister. Upon the facts developed It seemed to me that the only honorable course for our government to pursue was to undo the wrong that had been done by these representatives of the United States, and to restore as far as practicable the status existing at the time of our Intervention, with a view of ac complishing this result within the consti tutional limits of power, and recognizing all our obligation* and responsibilities growing out of any change of conditions brought about by our unjustifiable inter ference, our present minister at Honolulu has received appropriate Instructions to that end. Thus far no Information of the accomnlkffinient of any definite results has been received from him. Additional ad vices are soon expected. When received they will promptly be sent to congress, to gether with all other information at hand, accompan'ed by a special executive mes i sage, ruliy detailing all the facts neces- I ■ ary to a complete undemanding of the leas*. And presenting a history o? nil the |matepai evsnta loading up to tnt prtf* Our delations with Mexico continue to be of that cloee and friendly nature which should always characterize the Inter course of two neighboring republics. The work of relocating the monuments mark ing the boundary between the countries, from Paso Del Norte to the Pacific, Is nearly completed. The commission re cently organized under the convention of 1884 and 1889, it Is expected, will speedily settle disputes growing out of the shift ing currents of the Rio Grande river, east of El Paso. Nlcarague has recently passed through two revolutions, the party n.t Arst suc cessful having in turn been displaced by another. Our newly appointed minister, by his timely good offices, aided In a peaceful adjustment of the controversy Involved in the Arst conflict. Barge American Inter ests es-tab lshcd In that country In con nection with the Nicaragua canal \ver« not molested. The canal company has unfortunately become financially seriously embarrassed; but a generous treatment has been ex tended to It by the government of Nica ragua. The United States are especially interested In the successful achievement of the vast undertaking this company hna In charge. That It should be accomplished under distinctively American auspices, and Its enjoyment not only uxsured to the vessels of this country as a channel of communication between our Atlantic and PaclAc seaboards, but to the ships of the wor.d In the Interests of civilization Is a proposition which, in my Judgment, does not admit of question. The legislation of last year, known as the Geary law, requiring the registration of all Chinese laborers entitled to resi dence in the United States, and the de portation of all not complying with th* provisfons of the act In the time pre scribed, met with much apposition from Chinamen In this country. Acting Upon the advice of eminent counsel that the law was unconstitutional, the gren.t mass of Chinese laborers, pending Judicial In quiry as to Its validity. In good faith de clined to apply fo>r the certificates re quired by Its provisions. A test case upon proceeding by habeas corpus, was brought before the supreme court, and on May 15. 1893, a dee'eion was made by that trib unal sustaining the law. It Is believed that, under the recent amendment of the act extending the time for registration, the Chinese laborers thereto entitled, who desire to reside In this country will now avail themselves of the renewed privilege thus afforded, ot establishing, by lawful procedure, their right to remain, and that thereby the necessity of enforced deportation may be, to a great degree, avoided. It has devolved upon the United States minister tut Pekin, as dean of the diplo matic body, o.nd In the absence of a rep resentative of Sweden and Norway, to press upon the Chinese govomment rep aration for the recent murder of Swedish missionaries at Hong, but this question is of vital Interest to all countries, whose citizens engage In missionary work In the Interior. The secretary of tne treasury reports that the receipts of the government front all sources during the fiscal year ended June 30. 1893, amounted to $402,716,561.94 and Its expenditure* to $459,374,674.2ft. There was collected from customs $206.356,016.83, and from Internal revenue $161,027,623.93. Our dutiable Imports amounted jo $421,; 856.811, an increase of $51X453.907 over the S receding year, and Importations free of uty amounting to $44,544,211, a decrease from thd preceding year of $13,455,447. The Internal revenue receipt* exceeded those of the preceding year by $7,147,445.62. The total tax collected or. distilled spirits was 194.720.260.55; on manufactured tobacco, $31,889,771.74, and on fermented llouore $32.- 518.983.07. We exported merchandise during the year amounting to $347,645,194, a de crease of $182,012,954 from the preceding year. The amount of gold exported wns larger than any previous year In the history of tho government, amounting to $108,680,844, and exceeding the amount exported during the preceding year by $58,486,517. The sum paid from the treasury for sugar bounty was $9,375,130.88, an Increase over the pre ceding year of $2,033,063.09. It is estimated upon the basis of the R resent revenue lavvß that the receipts of do government for the year ending June 30. 1894. will bo $430.121,36'.,»06, and Its expenditures $458,121,365,306, resulting in a deficiency of $28,000,000,000 on the first day of November, 1893, the amount of money of all kinds In circulation not Included In treasury holdings was $1,718,544,682. an In crease for the yeir of $112,404,947. Esti mating our population at 67.426,000 at the time mentioned, the per capita circulation was $25.49. On the same date there was In the treasury gold bullion amounting to $96,657,273. and silver bullion which was purchased at a cost of $126, 201,6^3. By a concurrent resolution passed by the aerate Feb. 14, 1890, and by the house of representatives on the 3d of April follow ing th* president Was requested to invite from ’time to tlmo, as fit occasions may krlse, negotiations with any government with which the United States has or may have diplomatic relations, t*> the end that any differences or disputes arising between the two governments which cannot be adjusted by diplomatic agency may be referred to arbitration and be peaceably adjusted by such means. April 18, 1890, the International American conference of Washington, by rcsclutit>n, expressed the wish that all controversies between the republics of America and the nations of Europe might be settled by arbitration and recommended that the government of each nation represented In the co.ifer cnces ohould communicate this wl*.. to all friendly powers. A favorable response has been received from Great Britain. In the shape of a resolution adopted by parka ment July 16, last cordially sympathizing with the purpose In view and expressing the hopai that her majesty's government will lend ready co-operation to the gov ernment of the United States upon the basis of the concurrent resolution above quoted. , , It affords me signal pleasure to lay this parliamentary question before the con gress and to express my sincere gratifi cation that the sentiment of two great and kindred nations is thus authoritatively manifested In favor of the national and Jieaceful settlement of International sub ects by honorable recourse to arbitration By -the passage of the act of March 3. 1893, authorizing the presldont to raise the grade of our envoys to correspond with the rank In which foreign countryb accredit 'their agent* here. Great Britain, France, Italy and Germany have con ferred upon their representatives at this capital tho 'title of ambassador and have responded by accrediting the agents of the United States in those countries with the same title. A like elevation of mis sion 1* announced by Russia, and whet, made will be similarly accepted. This stej fittingly comports with the position which the United States holds In the nations. Important matters have demanded at tention in our relations with the Ottoman Porte. The firing and partial destruction by an unrestrained mob of one of the school buildings of Anatolia college, es tablished by the citizens of the United States at Marsovan. and the apparent In difference of the Turkish government to the outrage, notwithstanding the complic ity of some of its officers, called for earn est adjustment, which was followed by promises of reparation and the punishment of the offenders. Indemnity for the In jury to the buildings has already been paid, and promise to rebuild given. Reg istration to the school, properly In tho name of the American owners secured and efficient protection guaranteed. Information received of maltreatment suffered by Inoffensive American women engaged in missionary work In Turkish Kcordlstan was followed by such repre sentations to the ports as resulted In the Issuance of orders for the punishment of thelb assailants, the removal of a delin quent official and the adoption of meas ures for the protection of our citizens en gaged in mission apd other lawful work In that quarter. The report of the attorney general con tains the usual summary of the affairs and proceedings of the department of Jus tice for the past year, together with cer tain recommendations as to needed legis lation on various subjects. I cannot too heartily Indorse the proposition that the fee system as applicable to the compen sation of United States attorneys, mar shals. clerks of federal courts and United States commissioners should be abolished with as little delay as possible. It Is clearly the Interests of the community that the business of the court*, both civil and criminal, shall be as small and ns as Inexpensively conducted a* the ends of Justice will allow. Tho superintendent of Immigration, through the treasury, reports that durin? (he Jest flzeal year (her# arrived at our Stria 440,TW ot these 1,019 wers ROCKY FORD, COLORADO, THURSDAY. DECEMBER 7 1893. not permitted to lnnd under the limitation of the law and 577 were returned to the countries from which they came by rea son of their having become public charges. The total arrivals were 141,034 less than for the previous year. The purchase of silver under the law of July 14. 1890, during the last fiscal year aggregated 54.008,162.59 fine ounces, which cost $45,531,374.63. The total amount ol silver purchased from the time that law became operative until the ropeul of It* purchasing clause, an the first day of No vember, 1893, was 168.674.590.46 fine ounces, which cost $155,930,940.84. Between the firsi day of March. 1873, and the first day ol November. 1893, the government pur chased under all laws 603.003,717 fine ounce* of sliver at a cost of $516,622,918. The all ver dollars that have been coined undei the act of July 14, 1890, number 36,087.285 The seigniorage arising from such colnagt was $6,977,008.39, leaving on hand In tht mint* 140.699.760 fine ounces of silver; which cost $126,768,218. , Our total coinage of a’l metals during the last fiscal year consisted of 997.280.87 C pieces, valued at $48,635,178.80, of which there was $30,033,140 In goid coin, $5,343,71! In silver dol'.ars, $7,217,220.90 In subsidiary silver coin, and $1,086,103.90 in minor coins. During the calendar year 1892, the pro duction of precious metals In the United States was estimated to be 1,966,375 fine ounces of gold of the commercial and coinage value of $3,030,090, and 58,000,001 fine ounces of silver of the bulillon or market value of $50,750,000, and of the coin age value of $74,989,900. It Is estimated that on the first day of July, 1893, the metallic stock of money in the United States, consisting of coin and bullion, amounted to $1,218,559,169, ol which $597,647,635 was gold and $615,861,481 was sLver. One hundred and nineteen national bank* were organized during the year ending Oct. 31, 1893. with a- capital of $11,230,000; 46 went Into voluntary liquidation and 168 suspended. Sixty-five of th? suspended banks were Insolvent, 80 resumed business and seven remained In the hands of bank examiners, with prospects of speedy re sumption. Of the neiw banks organized 44 were lo cated In the eastern states. 41 west of the Mississippi river and 34 in the central and southern states. The total number of nat ional banks In existence on the first day o October, 1893, was 3,796, having an aggre gate capital of $645,558,120. The net In crease in the circulation of these banks during the was $36,886,972. The repeal of the provision oi law requiring the purchase of sliver bul lion by the government Is a feature of our monetary scheme which has made s change in the complexion of our currency affair*. I do not doubt that the ultlmat* result of this action will be most salutary and far-reaching. . . In the nature of things, however, it Is Impossible to know at this time precisely what conditions will be brought about by the change or what, if any. supplemen tary legislation may in the light v»f such conditions, appear to be essential or ex pedient. Of course, after the recent finan cial purturbatlon, time Is necessary forth« re-estabilshment of business confidence. When, however, through this restored confidence, tho money which has been frightened Into hoarding places Is re turned to trade and enterprise, a survey of the situation will probably disclose a safe patn leading to a permanently Bound currency, abundantly sufficient to meel every requirement or our Increasing pop ulation and business. In the pursuit ol this object we should resolutely turn away from alluring and temporary expedients, determined to be contented with nothing less than a lasting and comprehensive financial plan. In these circumstances, 1 am convinced that a reasonable delay In dealing with the subject. Instead of being Injurious, will Increase tho probability ol wise action. The monetary conference which assem bled at Brussels upon our Invitation was adjourned to tne 30th day of November In the present year. The consideration Just stated, and the fact that a definite propo sition ifrom us seemed to be expected upon the reassembling of the conference, leads me to exi re*-i a feeling to have the meet ing still farther postponed. It seems to me that It rsfiould be wise to give general authority t* the president to Invite other nations to such a conference at any time, when there should be a fair prospect of accomplishing an international agreement on the subject of coinage. I desire also to earnestly suggest the wisdom of amending the existing statutes In regard to tho Issuance of government bonds. Tho authority now vested In the secretary of the treasury to issue bonds is not as clear ns It shou:d be, arid. the bonds authorized jlre disadvantageous to the government, both as to the time of their maturity and to rate of interest. The secretary of tha Interior has the su pervision of eo many Important subject* that his report Is of special value and In tel est. On the thirtieth day of June, 1893. tr.ere were on the pension roils 966,016, an Increase of 89,914 over the number on the rolls June 30. 1892. Of thee-e then* were 17 widows and daughters of revolutionary soldiers, the survivors of the war of 1812, 5,425 widows of soldiers of that war, 2i,518 survivors and widows of the Mexican war, 3,832 sur vivors and widows of Indian wars, 284 urmy nurses, and 473,343 •urvlvor* and widows and children of deceased soldieiii and sailors of the war or the rel>?;lion. The la.i.er number represents thone pen sioned on account of dlsablllt os or death resulting from army and navy service. The number of peisons remaining on the rolls Juno 30, 1893, who are penrJomsd un der the act of June 27, 1890, which allows pensions on account of death and di:ta- Dlllty not chargeable to army sery.ee, wan 459,965. The number added to the ro.ls during the year was 123,634, and the num ber dropped was 33,690. The first payments on pensions a.lowed during the year amounted to $33,756,549.98. This lnclud-.a arrearn. or the accumula tion between the time from which the allowance of pensions dates and the time of actually granting the certificates. A.- though the law of 1890 permits pene.on* for disability not related to rnl.ltary ser vice, yet, as a requisite to It* benefits, a disability merit e».fit incapacitating appli cants "from the performance of manual labor to such a degree as to render them unable to earn a support. The execution of this law. In It* early str ges docs not seem to have been in ac cord with its true Intentions but. toward the close of the last administration on cu tlicrita'tlve construction was given to tne statute and since that time this Ron has been followed. This had tha ef fect of limiting the operation of the law to its Intended purposes. The sum expended on account of pen sions for the year ending June 30, 1893, was $156,740,467.14 The commlrstoner es timates that $165,000,000 will be required to pay pensions during the year ending June 30 1894. The condition of the Indians and their ultimate tate ure subjects which are re lated to a sacred duty of the government and which strongly appeal to toe sense of Justice and the sympathy of our people. Our Indians number about 218.000. Most of them are located on 161 reservations, contain.ng 86.116.531 acres of land. About 110 000 of these Indians have to a large de gree adopted clvi.lzeJ customs. Bands In severalty have been alio.ted to many of them; such allotments have been made to 10,00-J individuals during the last fiscal year, embracing about 1,t.00,0QJ acres. The number of Indian government school* opened during the year was 195, an In crease of 12 over the preceding year; or this total, 170 were on reservations, of which 73 were boarding schools, and 97 were day school*. Twenty boarding schools and five day schools, supported by the government, were located on the res ervations. The total number of Indian children enrolled during the year as at tendants of all schools was 21,133, an in crease of 1,231 over the enrolment for the previous year. , . I am sure that secular education and moral and religious teaching must be Im portant factor* In any effort to save the Indian and dead him to civilization. I be lieve. too, that the relinquishment of tribal relations, and the holding of land In severa.ty, may In favorable conditions aid In this consummation. It seem* to me, however, tha; allotments of land in severalty ought to b» made with great care and circumspection. If hastily done, before the Indian knows Us meaning, while yet ho has little or no Idea of till ing a farm, and no conception of thrift, there is great danger tha: a reservation life In tribal relations may be exchanged for the pauperism of civillzajclon. Instead of Its Independence and elevation. Th* solution of the Indian problem depends very largely upon good administration. The personal fitness of ngonts, and their adaptabdlty to the peculiar duty of caring for their ward* 1* of tho utmost 1 im portance, , - The vast erea of land which, but a short time ago. constituted the public do main, la rapidly falling Into private hands. It Is certain that in the transfer the beneficent Intention of the government to supply from Its domain homes to Indus trious and worthy home seekers, 1* often fraustrated. Though the speculator, who stands with extortionate purpose between the land office and those who. with their families, are Invited by the government to settle on the public lands, is a despica ble character who ought not to be tolera ted, yet it is difficult to thwart his schemes. The recent opening to settle ment of the lands in the Cherokee outlet, embracing an area of 6.500.1 M) acres, not withstanding the utmost care in framing the regulations governing the selection of locations, and notwithstanding the pres ence of United States troops, furnished an exhibition there perhaps, in a modified de gree. of the mad scramble, the violence and the fraudulent occupation which have accompanied previous openings of public lands. I concur with the secretary In the belief that these outrageous Incidents can not be entirely prevented without a change in thi laws on the subject, and I hope his recommendation In that direction will be favorably considered. I especially commend tho attention of tho congress to the statements contained In the secretary's report on forestry. Tne time has come when efficient measures should be taken for the preservation of our forests from Indiscrlm'nate destruc tion. The continued Intelligent execution of the civil service law and the Increasing approval by the people of its operation are most gratifying. The recent extension of Its limitations and regulations to the employes u't free delivery postofflees which has been honestly and promptly ac complished by the commission with the hearty co-operntlon of the postmaster general Is un Immensely Important ad vance In the usefulness of the system. I am. If possible, more than ever convinced of 'the incalculable benefits conferred bv the civil service law, not only In Its ef fect upon the public service, but also, what is even more Important. In Its effect In eleva'tirig the tone of political life gen erally. The course of civil service reform In this country is Instructive and interest ing. It illustrates how strong a hold a movement gains upon our people which has underlying it, a sentiment of Justice and right, and which, at the same time, promises a better administration of the government. The law embodying this reform found Us way to our siitute book more from fear of the popular sentiments existing in Its favor than £rom any love for the r-form Itself on the part of legislature*, and U ha# lived, and grown, and flourished. In spite of the covert, as well ns the open hostility of spoibonen, and notwithstand ing tho queru.ous Impracticability of many seif-constituted guard'ans. Beneath ad the vagaries nnJ sublimated theories which are attracted to It, there underlies this reform a rturdy common sense prin ciple. not only sulteJ to this mundane sphere, but whose application our people are more anj more recognizing to be üb aoiutc’.y essentia! to the m sjcc- r.sfu! operations of thtlr government, It not to Its perpetuity. It seems to me to b? entirely Inconsist ent with the character of this reform, as well as with Its best enforcement, to ob lige the commission who rely for clerical assistance, to call upon clerks detailed from other departments. There ought not to be such a condition In any departmtnt, that the clerks hired to do work there can toe spared to habitually work at another place, and It does not nccord with a sensi ble view of civil service reform that per sons should be employed on the theory that their labor Is necessary In one de partment, when In point of fact, their services are devote! to entirely different work, In another department. I earnestly urge that the clerks neces sary to carry on the work of the com mission be regularly put upon Its roster and that the system of obliging the com missioners to rely upon the services of cierks belonging to ether departments be discontinued. This ought not to Increase the expense to the governm*nt, while It would cer tainly be more consistent and add greatly to the efficiency of the commis sion. Economy In public expenditures Is a duty that cannot in decency be neg lected by those intrusted with the con trol of money drawn from the people for public uses. It must be confessed that our apparently endless resources, the fa miliarity of our people with Immense ac cumulations of wealth, the growing senti ment among them that the expenditure of fnibllc money should In some manner be it their Immfidate and personal advant age, the Indueat and almost stealthy manner In which a larger part of our taxes are exacted, and a degenerated sense of official accountability, have lei to growing extravagance In governmental appropriations. At this time, when n depleted public treasury confronts us, when many of our people nre en gaged In a hard struggle for the necessaries of life, and when forced economy Ih pressing iijkiu the great niarscs of our countrymen, 1 desire to urge with nil tie earnestness ut my command that congressional legislation he so limited l»y strict economy ns to exhibit an appreciation of tho conduct of the treasury nml u sympathy with the straightened circumstances of our fel low citizen*. The duty of public economy la also of Immense Impoitance In Its Intimate anil necessary relation to the task now In hand of providing revenue to meet the government ex penditures. and yet reducing the people's bur den of federal tniatlon. After a haul struggle, tariff reform Is directly before us. Nothing so Important claims our at tention and nothing so clearly presents Itself us both an opportunity and a duty—an opportunity to deserve the gratitude of our fellow citizen* and a duty Imposed tt|s»n us by our oft-repeated professions and by the emphatic inundate of the tM>ople. After full discussion, our countrymen have spoken In favor of this reform, and they have confided the work of Its n<. ..mplishment to the hands of those who are solemnly pledged. If there Is anything In the theory of a representa tion In public places of the people and their desires: If public officers ure really the servants of the people, nnd If political promises and pro fessions have any binding force, our failure to give the relief so long awaited will tie sheer recreance. Nothing should Intervene to distract our attention or disturb our efforts until this reform Is accomplished lir wine nml careful leg islation. While we shoul dstuunchly adhere to the principle that only the necmslty of rev enue Justifies the Imposition of tariff duties and other federal tnxntlna, nml that they should ho limited by strict economy, we cannot close our eyes to the fact that conditions have grown up among us which in Justice and fairness cull for discriminating care In the distribution of such duties ami taxation as the emergencies of our government actually demand. Manifestly If we ure to aid the people directly through tariff reform, ono of Its most obvious features should he n reduction In tin* present tariff charges upon the necejsnrb-s of life. The benefits of such n n duet lon would be palpable nnd substantially seen and felt by thousands who would he better fed and better clothed nml belter sheltered. These gifts should he the willing benefactions of- a government whoso highest function Is the promotion of the wel fare of the people. Not less closdy related to our people's pros perity and well being Is the removal of re strictions u(»on lni|s>rtntlons of the raw materlnls necessary to our manufacturers. The world should be open to our rational Ingenuity and en terprise. for their goods soon fill the narrow market to which they nre confined. Then fol lows it suspension of work in mills nrd fac tories, a discharge of employes nml distress In the homes of our workingmen. Kven If the oft disproved assertion could be made good, tint a lower rate of wages would result from free raw material and low tariff duties, tho Intelligenco of our workingmen lead* them quickly to dis cover that their sternly employment, permitted by free raw materials, la the Important factor In their relation to tariff legislation. A measure has been prepared by the appropri ate congressional commit!—• embodying tariff reform on the lines herein suggesP-d, which will bo promptly submitted for legislative action. It la tho result of much patriotic nnd unselfish work, and 1 believe It deals with Its subject consistently nnd as thoroughly as existing condi tion* will permit. I am satisfied that the re ducer! tariff duties provided for In the pro- IMMod legislation, added to the existing internal revenue taxation, will In the near future—though perhaps not Immediately— produce sufficient rev enue to meet the needs of the government. The committee, after full consideration and to provide against a temporary deficiency which may exist before the business of the country adjusts Itself to the new tariff schedules, have wisely embrac* l ?! in their plan a few additional Internal icvenne taxes. Including a small tax upon Income* derived from certain corporate In vestments. These new assessments nre not only n»»soltitely Just nnd easily borne, but they have the further merit of being such ns can be re mitted without unfavorable business disturbance whenever tho necessity of their imposition no longer exists. In my great desire for the success of this measure I cannot restrain the suggestion thnt Its success can only he nttalned by means of unselfish counsel on the part of tlie friends of tariff reform nnd as n result of their willing ness to subordinate personal desires ami ambi tions to the general good. The local interests affected by the proposed reform are so numerous and so varied that If all an* Insisted upon tin* legislation embodying the reform must inevitably fall. In conclusion, my Intense feeling of responsl hlllty compel* me to Invoke for the manifold Interest* of a generous and confiding people tho most •crapulous car*, and to pledge my willing Bi*ytf<ort to every legislative effort for the ad vancement of tbt I and I ,pr***»?**U/ of hPjO?td WUBID’I UROVffH KfiAMl- THRILLING TALE OF ADVENTURE. THE CARLIN PARTY RESCUED ghat Off From Civilization by Snow They I’as* Down tho River, and Finally Reach Friend* Lieutenant Elliott, who was In charge of one of the relief expeditions sent out from Vancouver barracks to rescue the lost Carlin bunting party, baa arrived at Kendrick, Idaho, with tho rescued party. The party consisted of 8. F. Carlin, son of General Carlin} J. Pierce, brother-in-law of Mr. Car lin, and A. L. HlmmulWrlgbt, secretary of the Columbia Granite Company of New York City. Lieutenant Elliott reached the party November 22. A. L. IlimmulwrlKlit givcf the following account of tho hunting trip and rescue: Tho party was organized last summer. They secured tholr outfit In Spokane ami en gaged Martin Spencer as guide and Joe Col gate of Tost Falls os cook. They proceeded by tralu to Kendrick, Idaho, and, with ter Cayuses and five weeks’ provisions, started out from that point on September 18. The route was byway of Snell’s Mill, Weippc. Brown’s Creek and Mussel Shell Creek. Ai this point the trail branches from Loto trail and leads towards the springs on tho Clear water River, tho destination of the party, which was reached on September 26. Al though It rained steadily for thirteen days, which Interfered considerably with the pleas ure of the party, they met with great success, and on October 10 started on the return trip over Loto trail. After going a short distance heavy snowt were encountered and the cook being sick ii was thought Impossible to get out that way. It was decided to return to camp and bulk rafts on wl)lch to float down the Clearwater. With the supply of provisions equally di Tided on rafts, no as to avoid the possibility of losing all their provisions in case either ol the rafts was lost, the party embarked and began the journey down the river oirNovem her 8. Two upsets and delays, caused by the ne eesslty of examining the river In advance ol tho rafts, made progress slow, and by Novcm ber 13 only twenty-t*o miles had been ac complished. At this point the rltcr vrai found to be full Of projecting bowlders, anc the water very swift. Further cxaminatioc resulted In the discovery of several Impassa ble places In tho river, which mad* rafLing Impracticable. It was, therefore, decided It abandon the rafts and make the remaining distance, about 48 miles, on foot. Tho cook at that time was In a scml-eon sclous condition, mortification having devel oped In his legs below the knee*. Only eight days’ provisions were left, and as Hit cook could not possibly live but a few dayi longer, nnd as ho was besides perfectly help less, he was made as comfortable as posslblt and the rest of the party began to tourney on foot. Tho shores of tho river were a mass of rag ged rocks, on wbloh one could only get an uncertain foothold. Frequently a large pro jecting cliff would hang over tho river and an hour or more would bo consumed In cur mountlng it. On tho third day after aban doning the rafts the party reached Black canon, which proved to bs eight miles In length. The river there has almost vertical walls, varying from 200 to 1,000 feet Id height. Clinging to bushes and small sap lings, with a footing sometimes of only a few Inches In width, and of many hundred feel above the river, progress was necessarily slow and extremely hazardous. Three days wen consumed In passing through tho canon with out shelter or blankets, and sometimes bar rassed by rain or snow. Very little sleep could be secured, and when on the olgbth day the supply of flour was ex hausted, there was umple causo to feel dis couraged, but, enfeebled as It was from lo?i of sleep and the scarcity of food, the parly pushed bravely on. On the tenth day of theli tramp, November 22, after having subsisted for two days on ten, three fish and a few ber rles, while slowly moving down tho river, anc when within five miles of the nearest ranch, the party was fortunate enough to met t Lieu tenant Elliott, who quickly got them hack U civilization. TERRIBLE WRECK IN ITALY. Twenty-Five Passengers Crushed oi Burned to Death In a Colli don. An express train bound from Milan to Vcn yo came into collision at 3 o’clock Wednesday morning with a heavy freight train, wblcl was stationary at tho limits of the first eta tlon between Milan and Trevlgllo. It Is re ported that twenty-five people met death li the wreck, and that fifteen others were ee vcrely injured. The collision occurred a few minutes be fore midnight at Llmitro station. A heavy freight train from Verona wns forty-five min utes late In arriving at the station, owing to i fog, and was about to go on a siding nnd lc‘ other trains pass. As the train was about t< do so, the Milan express came along anc dashed Into the engine of the freight trait with a mighty shock. Both engines reared upon tnelr ends and then fell over, shattering each. Three cars, however, were smashed al most to pieces. The wood work of the ruined cars took fire and they were soon burnlnf Ocrccly. A scene of the most horrible description en sued. The Injured were screaming for help, the air was filled with blinding stnoke frotr tho wreck and everything was In confusion. All the employes from the station hurried t< the scene and the people from the town wen aroused and came to help In rescuing the In jured. Assistance and n train nrrlved frorr Milan with doctors to care for the injured and a company of soldiers to aid tho re* cucrs. In the meantime the rescuing party cul away the burning woodwork, nnd streams ol water were poured upon the wreckage, undei which a number of passengers were Inextrica bly jammed. Some of the victims met horri ble deaths, being cremated before the eyei of the spectators, who were powerless to help them. Other unfortunates were only extri cated to die Id the arms of their rescuers. llotd lowa Robbers. A bold robbery was committed Saturday night by three men at Luzerne, lowa. They went Into the Chicago A Northwestern depot and presenting revolvers at the head of Agent Thompson, compelled him to give up whal money he had. They then locked him In the freight bouse, telling him L'e would be killed If he made a noise. When the night operator appeared he met the same fate. Whenever n citizen or a would-be passenger presented himself he was promptly robbed and looked up, until there were over a dozen tuca Ini* ;;;l*oned. When train No. 8, east-bound, (topped it *bo «t»t lon iho rotiOer* dMimptd. Telegraphic Brevities. Signor Zanardclll has been appointed prime minister of Italy. The Haymarkct theater at Chicago wai burned down on the Ist. On tho 25th the New York banks held $70,- 885,170 In excess of tho 25 per cont. rule. Fire at llnnnlbnl. Missouri, on tho 251 h caused a loss of $.300,000 on business houses. The governor and lieutenant - governor ol Kansas are both quite sick. After a stormy scene In tho French cham ber of deputies on the 25th tho cabinet re signed. The Umbria sailed from New York for Liv erpool on the 2nd with 450,000 ounces of slT ▼cr on board. Tho son of General Carlin and bis compan ions, who were lost In Northern Idaho, have been rescued. Emperor Wllllnra and Chancellor Caprlvl have recently received Infernal machines by mall. No damage wns done. The Princess Collonna, daughter of Mrs. John W. Mackay, Is suing for a dlvoroe from her royal husband on the ground of Infidelity. A memorial window to tho memory of James Russell Lowell was unveiled at West minster Abbey on tho 28th with Imposing ceremonies. The new Clydo four-master Babin In, on her first voyage to New York, was abandoned during the recent gales. Tho steamship State of Nebraska rescued the crew. A Un box, weighing a pound and having a burnt fuse attacked to It, has been found out side the walls of Aldborough barracks at Dublin. The box contained at quantity ol dynamite. The Swiss Bundesrath Is having a list ol the dangerous anarchists In Switzerland pre pared, and,' In accordance with tho agree ment with the other powers, they will be se cretly expelled. The Utah Central railway has been placed In tho bands of n receiver. Tho road runs from Salt Lake to Park City, and being dc- Kndcnt upon tho mines for business, has run hind of late. The Credit Moblllcr, tho leading bank at Rome, closed on the 80th, and groat excite ment Is the result. Depositors aro withdraw ing tbelr money from all banks and there is likely to be a general panic. Thanksgiving was celebrated In Paris and Berlin by the American residents. At the latter city the celebration was In the form ol a very elaborate banquet attended by a larg* number of consuls and other Aniei leans. A dispatch from Teheran says thnt 12.00 C persons havo perished In the earthquake al Kuchan. Ten thousand bodies havo already been recovered and 2,000 are still In the ruins. Fifty thousand cattle have been lost so far. The shocks continue. Yale won the great annual game of foot ball from Harvard by a score of 6to 0. Not far from 25,000 people witnessed tbo contest, Including the governors of three states, Russell of Massachusetts, McKinley of Ohlc and Morris gf Connecticut. The first elections In New Zealand undei the female suffrage law hove been held. They resulted favorably to tho government. The women voted In large numbers, giving thch support mainly to those candidates who pro fessed Christianity and favored temperance. Reports from Western Kansas Indicate a great deal of suffering there among the peo ple. A blizzard swept across tho barren plains Thursday night where many families are without fuel. Hundreds of families are said to bo in need of fuel, and have not a dollar or the necessaries of life. A letter has been received describing the terrible sufferings of tho crew of tho British •hip Mendosa, which recently foundered near Martinique. The captain and the majority of tho crew died at sea of fever, nnd the few men who wero left were unablo to navigate the vessel and she sank, only four of the crew being saved. The Baldwin Locomotlvo Works have re ceived an order for seventy-one engines frotr tho Atchison, Topeka A Santa Fo system. This is one of the largest orders these worki have ever received from -a single railroad. Forly-two of the engines are to be built Im mediately and the remainder during 18U4. In spite of the efforts made to combat the disease, there are still from forty to fifty cases of cholera dally at Constantinople, and the average death rate from cholera Is fifteen pet day. A cholera expert who was sent by the French government nt the request of tho sul tan, In order to combat the spread of the cholera, was attacked with the disease nnC died within a few hours. Tho Servian cnblnct has' resigned. The reason given Is the tariff conflict with Austro- Hungnry. The real reason Is the Radical party declines to give any further support to the government on the ground of the latter’s policy Is being directed by King Milan. The Radicals w ant M. Rncics, the new minister tc St. Petersburg as premier and tho king li said to oppose this. The corner stone of the new Chicago public library was laid on Thnnksgiving day. Ad dresses were made by Mayor Swift and others. The library, when completed, will bo among the finest In tho United States. Tho building will be four stories high nnd will cost, will furnishings, about $2,000,008. It will have a capacity of 3,000,000 volumes besides olllcci and a good sized auditorium. A telegram received at the war department from Brigadier General Wheaton, command lng the military department of Texas, con firms the belief thnt tho alleged Mexican revo lutlonary trouble was more visionary tbnr real. General Wheaton says it Is quite cer tain and has been admitted by the Mexican authorities that no parties of nrmed men had crossed to Mexico from the American side. The Russian government recently ordered the closing of n Catholic church at Kroscha, In the government of Kovna. On hearing ol the order the members of the congregation flocked to the church and remained in il night and day in order to prevent tho ordet from being carried out. One night a force ol troops under tho governor of Kovno entered the church nnd with tbelr swords attacked the people right and left, killing twenty ol them w ithin the edifice nnd wounding over a hundred. Abe Stein A Co. Importers of goatskins, hides, etc., was placed In the hands of a re ceiver at New York on the Ist. The concern Is the largest In the United States nnd prob ably In the world, doing a business of ?5,- 000,000 a year. The trouble was precipitated. It Is said, by the suspension of the London bouse of Jacob Stein & Co., through which tho New York company did Its business. Liabilities are placed at $1,000,000 with largt assets, the exact amount of which cannot b« determined at present. Tb 6 firm had a very extended business, and the effect of tho fail ure Is expected to be far-rcachlng. A dispatch from Topeka says: W. F. Rlgbtmire has Issued a call for a conference nt St. Louis March 80. to organlzo a new party. Rlgbtmire cnlled the conference Ic 1890 nt Cincinnati which gave birth to the People’s party. Ho was until last yean leading Populist, but since then has opposed Governor Lewelllog and his administration. He says Chairman Tnubcncck and many lead ing Populist* are with him In the move. Chairman Briedentlinl of the People’s party committee has received a letter from Gover nor Waite of Colorado declaring against the new party movement. Receivers Clark, Mink, Anderson, Doane and Coudert of the L T nlon Pacific have p3tl tloned Judge Dundy of the United States dis trict court for an order fixing tbelr salaries at $1,500 each per month. The petitioner* acknowledge that the remuneration asked, amounting to $90,000 a year, Is $40,000 In ex cess of the salaries formerly paid the officers whose positions are now idled by the receiv ers, but they allege that tho enormity of the Interests Involved warrants the Increase. They also reserve the right to f>etlt!on for In creased salaries should the situation warrant. Judge Dundy took the matter under advise ment. Non-union engineers In charge of locomo tives were the came of no less than five disastrous wrecks on tho Lehigh Valloy road on tho Ist, In which two brakcinen were kiliod an-J a fireman and conductor lerlously (aland. NO. 28. IMPORTANT COLORADO NEWS. THE PENITENTIARY MUDDLE. Governor Waite Remove* Warden Mo. I.later an<l HU Muccessor Holds the Position One Day [and U Then Ousted.—The Governor Re scinds Ills Order. The trouble which bos been taking place at tbo statu penitentiary (or the past few weeks, assumed a new phase at an early hour Satur day morning. At about 1:30 o’cloek Solomon J. Toy, appointed by Governor Waite to suo cced Warden Me Lister, arrived at the depot at (,’nnon City, being met by D. 11. Bruce, the former deputy warden. They proceeded at once to the prison. Druco aroused the night man at the front gate and was let In by him to the Inside. After getting In, Bruce said he was going away and wanted to say good-by, especially wishing to see Night Captain Sim mons. The cnptaln was called, and on com ing Inside the olllcc, Bruce proceeded to hold him up for his tiro-arms and keys, also re lieving the gateman of his keys. The ex deputy then gave the signal to Toy, who was let Inside, and showed his credentials from Governor Waite. Communication with the Warden's house was then cut oil and a trip to the main prison uinde, and other guards disarmed and keys secured until the place was in their posses sion. The tlrst Intimation Warden McLlster had of trouble was when the prison whistle was blown at 3:45 o’clock, as an alarm, by whom It Is not known. McLlster at once got up and proceeded to the front gate, there de manding admittance, which was refused. He then asked pe rmlsslon to proceed lnsldotohls desk and arrange private papers, but this was also refused. The warden then returned to the house. The nows of this sudden move created a great sensation in all parts of the state. At Denver the state board of charities held a meeting with the governor and urged him to reconsider bis rash action. The arguments of Professor Blocum, J. 8. Appel, J. Warner Mills and Dennis Mullins had a remarkable cfTect upon the governor, and he became con vinced that he had made a blunder. He tele graphed Mr. Toy to remove no moro guards, but to turn the keys over to McLlster upon receipt of a written order. This order was forwarded by Secretary Gabriel, of the state board of charities, but he did dot reach Canon City until Sunday noon, and then found that the condition of things had been changed. During the day McLlster hod been Indus trious. He saw n lawyer, looked up the stat utes and decided upon a course. He got hold of Guards Gibbons and Kelley, and told them he would have them to escort Toy outside the walls that night. Of the sixty-four guards in the prison McLlster knew he could count on fifty. Accordingly at night a watch was kept on Toy, and os soon as he was asleep his re volver was taken from him and he was escorted from the prison at the point of a revolver. Warden McLlster then resumed control. His first step was to notify all guards that he was In control, and this fact Was communicated to the prisoners. The men who bad so very obligingly laid down their guns to Bruce the night before were given a leave of absence. Four hours afterwards J. H. Gabriel reached the prison with the governor's mes sage to Toy, ordering him to turn over every thing to McLlster, but be was Informed he came too late. Mr. Toy, accompanied by Mr. Bruce, had returned to Denver. Mr. Toy Is Indignant at Governor Waite for having gotten him Into this muddle. It appears that the action of the governor was tuken without consulting the attorney general or any other lawyer, and was bnsed upon section 6, article 4 , of the constitution which seems to confer the necessary author ity. Another clause, however, appears to guarantee the right of the warden to a trial, and the statute provides that the warden of the penitentiary can only be removed by the board of penitentiary commissioners after a hearing of the charges preferred against him. It Is believed that the governor now expects to get McLlster removed through the board of penitentiary commissioners. To do this he will remove Commissioner Ueynolds, against whom charges have been made, and appoint some one who Is In sympathy with the executive. STAGE COACH ATTACKED. Hold Exploit of Highwaymen on the the Road to Cripple Creek. Two men attempted to hold up a stage be tween Canon City and Cripple Creek on the 29 th. It was the first trip of a new line Just put on, and the hold-us no doubt thought It was the regular stage which carries at times valuable matter, Including the mall. The trouble occurred about ten miles out from Canon City In a lonely canon. Just as the driver rounded a point of rocks two men stepped Into the road and commanded him to stop, at tho same time presenting their guns. The driver refused to stop, when tho men commenced shooting. The first shot struck one of the horses in the neck, which caused the animals to start on a dead'run. The two men kept up a lively fusillade as long as the stage was in sight, but did not succeed In hitting any of the occupants. One horse was shot In tho neck, another In the hip and a third In the collar. Three shots passed through the canvas cover of tho stage. Neither of the men wore masks or took any pains to conceal their Identity. A few miles up the road the down stage was met and up on being Informed of the attempted hold-up prepared themselves for war, but nothing was seen of the men, and they had undoubtedly taken to the hills. No clue has yet been ob tained to the two robbers, and additional measures will be taken to prevent another at tack. Denver Marked. Eggs, ranch 20c, state 24c; butter, best creamery 25f<f200, dairy 19c; hay, up land bnlcd sll@s 13,second bottom *7GGfB.SO; alfalfa 17.03; oats, new, tl.oo@s 1.10; potatoes 95@*l.05;cuttle, choice steers *8.00(a) |3.:io. cows native feeders 12.50 (4*2.75; hogs, choice 15.35; spring chickens $2.00(5f3.50 per doz.; turkey# 12c. The Fort Worth Road. Ex-Governor Evans has secured a victory la his fight with the Union Pacific company in the decision of Judge Hallctt, rendered on the Ist, which grants a separate receiver for the Fort Worth line. Mr. Evans is trying to se cure the separation of the two roads, ns tho Union Pacific has violated Its agreement of consolidation by removing the headquarters from Denver, nnd otherwise taking from tho road tbo privileges it should have. The ap pointment of a separate receiver Insures an Impartial administration of Hs Affairs unlll tho Milt for a separation I# decidedi