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The chronicle=news. (Trinidad, Colo.) 1898-current, January 05, 1915, Image 1

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Snow today; colder tonight
and Wednesday; temperat
ure, high 41); low, 27.
French Troops Move After Spirited Fighting to
Close Neighborhood of Rhine. Great Armies
Continue Furious Campaign in Poland. Italy
Assumes More Warlike Attitude.
The German defenders of Alsact
are (till losing ground before the
French advance. Today’s official
statements from Berlin as well as
Paris, pseak of fighting to the east
of Steinbach, showing that the
French have pushed beyond this re
cently captured village. The Paris
announcement gives the first intima
tion of another French advance into
Alsace near Orbey, 14 miles west of
Solmar. capital of upper Alsace.
Infantry Hinting has been re
sumed in Belgium, and the French
teport states that ground was won by
the allies near Nieuport. Elsewhere
military activity is chiefly in the way
of artillery duels.
Few further particulars were re
ceived concerning the eastern cam
paign. The Berlin war office states
that advance east of Bolimow, in the
direction of Warsaw, is being con
tinued. although Petrograd claims
that the Germans after capturing
Russian positions at Bolimow. were
compelled to abandon them.
The war spirit in Italy has been
revived by the death on a French
battlefield of a grandson of Garibaldi.
Italy will have about 1.000.000 men
under arms by the end of this month,
and a reserve of another million is
being formed for the enlistment of
volunteers. The place for certifica
tion of American cargo before site
leaves Ametican ports decided upon
in Washington yesterday has been
Vr, mm.mica ted to the British govern
Guns Turned In
To Federals Will
Not be Given
All firearms anil ammunition con
fiscated l»> the United States army ■
authorities following the issuance of
a proclamation of President Wilson
last May have been shipped to Fort |
I.ogati. where they will be kept and
stored away. At the headquarters of 1
Co!, laockett no information could lie
obtained as to whether or not the -
guns surrendered by citizens would ■
ever he returned. There are in cus-!J
tody of the federal government more,'
than three thousand weapons, large 1
and small, six machine guns and 1
several hundred thousands rounds of
ammunition. These were collected
in the Trinidad and Walsenburg
strike districts. 1
All manner of firearms surrendered 1
to the United States army officers by j
citizens in response to a proclamation
mode public by Col. . Lockett on May '
S of last year will not be returned 1
to the owners when the troops leave
iliis district this week. While no of
ficial announcement has been made
by Col. Lockett It is well understood
at military headquarters that such
will he the policy carried out in re
gard to the stock of guns.
In response to u proclamation tM
army officers last May received more
than threethousand firearms, large
and small and a great quantity of
ammunition. Guns were turned in
by striking miners and coal company
employes and deputy sheriffs and
several hundred throughout, the dis
trict by private citizens who had;
taken no part in Hie industrial war
fare. Each owner of the weapon was
given a roeepit to identify his prop
erty when it should lie given hack
The citizens who surrendered their,
arms—- many of them gave up rovol-.
vers, rifles or shotguns that were
kept at home. A great number
turned in family heirlooms, old rel
ics witlt romance attached to them:
some of the firearms are of little
value save in age and recollection
Now it would appear that Uncle Sam
is going to hold on to these guns
and take them out of the state
A great many citizens are com
plaining that the holding of these
weapons Is an injustice. But orders
are orders and hence tin; federal
soldiers will doubtless ship out the
stove of firearms cheerfully gut-ren
dered by the citizens of Trinidad and
Las Animas county.
Only Afternoon Full Leased Wire Associated Press Paper in Southern Colorado
ment. It is expected in London to
assist materially in solving* the dif
. faculties caused by British interfer
ence with American shipping.
Further Russians successes in op
erations against the Austrians are de
scribed in unofficial dispatches from
Petrograd. According to these ad
vices. the Russian troops, which were
said several days ago, to have pene
trated the passes of the Carpathians
mountains and begun an invasion of
Hungary in force, have captured
eight Hungarian towns and surren
dered several divisions of Austrian
troops in the mountains. There was
no official confirmation of these
statements, however, and the latest
official announcement from Vienna
asserts that the Austrian forces in
Galicia have captured strong posi
tions and are preparing for further
Although it is admitted in Petro
grad that the Germans occupied
Russian positions at Bolimow on the
battle front before Warsaw, the;
Russian war office states that the in- j
vaders later were driven back again |
abandoning six machine guns.
Except for the advance of the
French into Alsace, there is little ac
tivity in the west. Both sides ap
parently are content for the present
to hold their trench positions, leav
ing the fighting largely to artillery.
London, Jan 5 --The right, wing
of the French army is today less than
30 miles from the river Rhine, hold
ing the Alsatian village of Steinbach
and the heights to the southeast of
the village after one of the most stub
born localized fights of the war. No
ether point of the western front liar
there been any noteworthy change.
“In Poland there has been little
shift in the relative positions of the
invading and defending armies. The
Germans continue to deliver their
furious and intermittent attacks on
the Bzura-Rawka line. To the south
the Russians have swept forward to
Suszawa. near the Roumanian fron
tier. In the Caucasian the Turkish
invaders and the Russians arc ap
rarentlv still fighting out their bat
tle in the region of Sarikamysh. both
sides claiming a victory.
The French DiogiXoS in upper Al
sace is probablv the most significant
news from the western front in a
■ number of weeks and by some observ
ers here it is taken to indicate fu
ture attempts on the part of the al
lies to break through in this region,
maintaining meanwhile a base on
For the moment the swampy con
dition of the ground in west Flanders
precludes a general advance move
ment in this locality. Furthermore
General Joffre’s feeling tactics at
ether points have resulted in no gains
and it consequently would not be a
surprise if the heaviest fighting dur
ing the next fortnight centered on
the castein slopes of the Vosges
mountains. It is down these hills
that, the French Alpine Chasseurs,
backed by the famous 75-millimetre
guns, swept to victory yesterday at
Steinbach after some of the most san
guinary fighting of the campaign.
Only a little further advanced to
the southeast.. British, commenters
1 point out todav. will give the allies
possession of the village of Cernay.
They no whold the heights to the
west of tiiis town and its fall would
| throw open the way to Muelhauscn.
Whether the Turks are exaggerat
, ing their successes or not. they are
doing some hard fighting in the Can
r«*! i'«. jud"ii]p- from the dispatches
reaching London. Even telegrams
from ettrograd admit that this situ
, ation is becoming one of first im
. portance. There is no sign as yet.
however, of Russia’s moving troops
’ fmm her western to her south fron
s tier. t
Paris, .fan. 5. --The French offi
! ciul statement given out by the war
5 office this afternoon conveys the first
intimation of another French advance
into Alsace, at a point near Orbey
' or friieis. which is some ! 1 miles
3 ~, west of Colmar. It sets forth
' also Hint tlio Krouvli advances in ihe
l> direction of f.ernay l Seennholm ) to
' iim southeast of Steintiach have been
TcvnOiiutMl on -•>
The city of Trinidad will receive
pay in slate bonds for its bill against
the state of Colorado in tlie sum of
$573.60 for feeding military prison
ers during the occupancy of the dis
trict by the state militia. This bill
also fhcliides cost of repairs to the
city jail, the result of dumage com
mitted by militiamen conflned
t herein.
The city has had a hard time col
lecting this money, in fact, lias not
yet received payment, but assurance
lias been given that the bill which
lias been audited and approved will
he paid In slate bonds. Lust night
the city attorney presented a resolu
tion providing that authority be
given for a warrant in the sum of
$26.34 lx* drawn against the dty
ball fund an I paid over to the state,
which with $573.66, the amount of
the city's claim against the state,
will aggregate S6OO. for which the
state will give state bonds in the
amount of S6OO to lie sold for eas
with which the claim will lie met in
El Paso, Texas. Jan. s.—General
•Hugh L. Scott, chief of stuff of the
United States army, arrived here to
day from Naco. Arizona, where he
lias been attempting to arrange with
Mexican leaders to the end the dan
ger to the American town from bor
der fighting. General Scott will
have to wait until tomorrow 'or
Thursday before General Viilu, tl»e
military commander of the conven
tion forces, arrives here from .Mexi
co City. The two will confer, If pos
sible. on tliis side of the internation
al line.
None of the S,OOO Villa troops re
ported officially on their way to
cross to the Sonora border, have ap
peared at Juarez.
Mexico City, Jan. 5. ('resident
Gutierrez said tonight through his
private secretary that all debts for
work materials contracted with for
eign firms would Ue paid except those
incurred by the Huerta government.
Payments would be made for tho full
Washington, Jan. s.—Administra
tion officials today awaited with in
terest the outcome of a coufcrenc to
be belli probably tomorrow on the in
ternational bridge at El Paso be
tween Brigadier General Scott, chief'
of staff of the United States army,
and General Villa, commander-in
chief of the forces of the Futierrez
government in Mexico, the object to
reacli an agreement, if possible, to
prevent further firing Into American
territory by Mexican factions light
ing along the border.
Both Scott and Villa were on their
way today to El Paso, the meeting
between the two having been ar
ranged by telegraph. General Scott
Tiad been at Naco for the last fort
night in an effort to bring about an
agreement between General Maytor
en a, commanding the Gutierrez force
attacking the Mexican town of that
name, and General Hill, of the Car
rauza garrison. Although Hill bad
agreed to withdraw to Agua Pricta,
May tor on a hud delayed entering into
and final agreement, awaiting, it is
stated, the arrival there of General
Cabral with his force of 8,000 troops
to take charge of the situation.
It is understood that the confer
ence with Villa was sought not only
on account of the delay ut Naco but
that if an agreement was reached it
might apply to the entire border line.
Washington. Jan. s.—Brigadier
General Hugh L. Scott reported to
day that no agreement had been
reached vet between the contending
Mexican factious to prevent firing
into American territory, but that ne
gotiations were being continued. Me
said he did not' expert any further
firing for several days at least.
The suit was filed ill the United
States district court uud In the usual
course of business would lie put on
the calendar of Federal Judge Kene
saw M. Landis, who is a devotee of
One of the principal clauses in the
prayer of the bill is that the contracts
with players under the national
agreement and the rules of the na
Coailuned on pane 3.)
French Wiped Out Berman
Battery and Scale Heights
to Victory
Thann, Alsuce, Jan. 5.—A race of
three miles up the steep slope at En
gleburg, tnru thickets and up rocky
steeps, between a battalion of Fifth
light infantry with live mountain
guns and a German battery, deter
mined the result of the stubborn
fight lor the Alsatian town of Stein
bach. The first surprised a move
mint of Germans ascending toward
the summit of the mountain by the
road, and taking a short cut, a'bcom
plishcd what seemed to be the im
Tile French battalion arrived five
minutes before tlie Ccrmaus appear
ed in an open space and bad just time
to put into position their mountain
guns. Five minutes more and all
was over. Too late the Germans at
tempted to retire and the battery was
I’os it ion of this point permitted I
I lie French to cross the river Thur
above the town of Thann, and to re
inforce the troops operating around
On the morning of December 31
the French occupied all the heights
uroiiml llie town and sent an envoy
to the German commandant demand
ing that lie surrender the place. The
German officer replied:
‘ The German commander-in-chief
considers that our forces are in no
wise cut off. The route to Cernay
fSennheiin) still is open anil retreat
always is possible. In any ease the
emperor’s troops are ready to die:
but to surrender, never.”
At noon on the saute day, the
French commenced an attack which
wai coueinued without intormissfon.
The French successes began with the
capture at the pcfnt of the bayonet
of a farm commanding the road en
tering the town. The French then
progressed, road in road, until the
village was reached.
Charges and countercharges of in
fantry were made amid the contin
ual boom lug of the French three-inch
guns from all the heights, to which
the Germans replied with ever di
minishing violence, which indicated
a shortage of ammunition.
The Germans made a stubborn de
fense with machine guns and cold
steel at the outskirts of Steinbach,
and the chasseurs also were met with
a murderous fire from the church
One French company asked permis
sion to charge. Many soldiers fell
before they reached the German
lines, bill nothing could stop the rest
and the German force guarding the
road was surrounded and annihil
In possession of the road and the
farm the Chasseurs mounted quick
tiring guns on a line of sheds con
necting with tin* village and sweep
ing along, yard by y&.*i, finally cap
tured the first line of houses.
The struggle was then continued
from house to house, the French
losing one day the buildings cap
tured on the preceding day, but al
ways returning to the charge with
greater violence and making a fur
ther advance. Every alley was an
ambush and every house n little fort
The Fifth finally succeeding in
slipiug around the enemy’s right
aiong the Steinbach brook and then
commenced ft fierce combat for the
possession of Steinbach itself. The
church and the cemetery were twice
taken and twice lost. Since hand to
hand fighting was now going on
night and day. and from to door, the
Germans unable longer to use their
artillery, resorted to incendiary
bombs and set fire to a number of
barns and houses occupied by the
A changing wind, however, obliged
the Germans themselves to quit th%
first line of trenches, being unable to
control the fire, and the flames final
ly reached the ammunition reserves.
The explosion w hich occurred when
the ammunition caught fire made the
little town tremble as though from an
Still the Germans held on till the
morning of January 4, when the
last courageous resistance of the de
fenders was worn out liy the persist
ent and impetuous charges of the
Cliesseurs and the whole town was oc
This point, the gateway of Cer
u e.v (Setinlieim) which commands
■ important routes to the south, to the
I north and to the east, is no longer
tenable for the Germans.
Washington, Jan. 5. The second
squadron of the Fifth United States
cavalry, with ton officers and 274
enlisted men, left Walsenburg, in
the Colorado coal fields, today for
their home post at Fort Leavenworth,
All day yesterday the troops were
busy collecting the field guns and
ammunition and all other equipment
taken into the strike zone about a
year ago. The two trains were heav
ily loaded uud were due to puss thru
Pueblo early this morning. They
were sent from Walsenburg to Pueb
lo over the Denver &. lilo Grande and
then east to Fort Leavenworth over
the Missouri Pacific.
For days the people of Colorado
have been waiting for these troops to
be recalled from the various coal
fields, to which they were called to
quell disorders. Many people were
at the station in Pueblo yesterday to
greet the troops but as no word could
be ascertained as to when they would
pass thru the city the crowds dis
liutided toward evening. The rail
road officers were asked to rush the
troop trains out of the.strike regions
and the federal troops from the north
section of the state were moved to
Denver yesterday morning.
Judge Burke Rules Special
Prosecutors May Appear
With Bist. Attorney
Pueblo, Colo., Jan. 5. Work oL' ee
iectlng a jury was on for this morn
ing in the trial of the La Vela mur
der cases, which commenced yester
day in district court.
Following a long wrangle yester
day between counsel, Judge Burke
overrruled the protest made by at
torneys for the defense against allow
ing lawyers for corporations to assist
the slate in the conduct of the cases
against the eight former strikers who
ar echurged with killing three mine
guards, a chauffeur and wounding a
mine official.
Thru a clerical error only eight out
of I lie nine originally accused will go
on trial here. John Floekliart’s name
was omitted from the information
and lie cannot be tried ut this term of
Pueblo. Jan. s.—Trials of the La
Vcta murder cases, in which nine
members of the* United Mine Work
ers organization are accused of slay
< < Out Imi <ml on pnicr 4.)
Bremen, Jan. s.—Owing to the
during of an American skipper the
steamer Elniont, which sailed from
Galveston. Texas, Dec. 3, and New
York December 11, arrived at Brem
en January 1. The Klmoiit brought
more than six thousand bales of cot
ton. the first to reach this port dur
ing the war. She was the first Amer
ican merchantman to visit Bremen in
forty years.
Captain Edward T. Pinch In of the
Elmonte, alter the voyage across the
Atlantic, took on a British pilot at
Deal, as England does not class cot
ton as contraband, but fearing that
the pilot would be interned if lie en
tered German waters, the captain
dropped him at tlft* Hook of Holland.
At the Hook, Dutch pilots refused to
assist the American skipper, saying
that it was impossible, on account of
mines, to make the trip.
Captain Pinch in was determined to
go on, saying that he would take his
ship to her destination or know the
reason why. Accordingly he pro
ceeded without a pilot, picking Ins
own course without mine charts or
other aid. He made his way to Brem
en. greatly to the amazement of the
Germans, who were much interested
in his adventure. Captain Pinch in
says the trip is comparatively easy.
pro\ iiled a skipper uses common
sense. The Elmonte is to return to
Amori shortly with 1,500 tons of
mixed cargo. ___
Mayor Names Committee of Property Owners to
Suggest Course of Action. Case Grew Out of
Installation of Pipe Lines for Water Works
System Years Ago.
I-'or throe* lioiii-h lust night City Attorney 10. McGlnshnu weight
ed down with significant looking documents, rulings, opinions, cluinis.
statements, affidavits, etc., led the in embers of the city council and a num
ber of taxpaying citizens through the labyrinth of legal history concern
ing the pending suit of Marry I lokesana, Japanese contractor, against Ihe
city ot Trinidad. Those interested id the case listened attentively with
open ears. Those not. particularly interested dozed off toward the end
of the session and had to he awakened by Jim Bowldon when it was time
to put the municipal cat out for the night.
After the city attorney had read
the history of the litigation from its
inception, perused aloud the. opinion
of Judge Lewis 'and the after decision
of another judge higher up and had
submitted the offer of the plaintiff
to the city together with the report
of a competent engineer who recently
visited here, all that the council or ,
any one else seemed to understand
in relatiou to tho mutter was tlint;
ilokosnna had a just claim against
the city or else that he had no merit
orious claim. There was such a wil
derness of technicality and legal en
tanglements spread out before the
council that they were almost ready
to flip dice to decide what I heir opin
ion should he.
The only action taken by the city
council was to authorize the mayor
to appoint a committee of citizens
to review the offers made by Moko-
Huna and the case in general and re
port back whether or not It iH host
for the city to compromise on terms
proposed or fight the case further in
‘..he court- Mayor Dunlnvy named
on that committee some of the larg
est taxpayers of the city .1. C. Bell,
('. 11. Nichols, Marry West. D. L.
Taylor. George Mausman, .1. O. Packer
and John Aiello.
following a presentation of the
case by the city attorney different
citizens who recall the transaction
with llokosana, former council mem
bers. were asked to state what they
know about the case. W. M. Jamie
son refreshed his mind as to some
features. J. F. Sherman, mayor pro
tein in tlie Xichols administration,
staled miner what circumstances lie'
signed tlie contract with llokosana,
former Mayor l>. L. Taylor expressed
his views to the effect that tlie city
owned the plaintiff nothing and on
tlie contrary was owed by Mokosano,
and former Alderman John A. Gysin
explained what he remembered of tlie
original matters involved in the suit.
The suit brought by Ifokosann
against the city grew out of the ex-!
eavation of trendies anil the install
ation of pipe lines to North f*ako in
1906. llokosana sued to recover a
sum of money which he claimed was
due him on contract, contending tlie
work to lie done In accordance with
specifications of City Engineer Good
win and approved by tlie council. Tho
city has always maintained that the
trenches were not made according to
contract and disputed the claim.
The case was heard by Judge Lewis
of tlie United States court in Denver
and a decision rendered against tlie
city allowing Mokosano sl.l I **.97 on
force account with interest at .*» per,
cent, and $5,269.21 claim for digging
ami back tilling. Judge Lewis hold
ing as per contract that the word of
the city engineer who approved tlie
work was final, did not permit certain
evidence of tho city to go in record. '
Later the case was appealed and ;
the decision of tho higher court re- )
versed the decision of Judge Lewis. ,
That was the last heard of tlie liti- ;
igation until recently when llokosana j
through ills attorney. O. S. Redd, re
opened the suit. Sometime ago a 1
proposition of settlement was made
to the council by plaintiff, agreeing
to compromise on the basis of the
Lewis decision. Under date of Do-,
cernber 9 of last year another offer
of settlement was made, but on terms
not as favorable.
One or two of the council members
last night were inclined to favor a
compromise settlement and dispose of
the litigation. Others considered
that the city was justified in fight
ing the claim. The committee was
named to investigate and report their
judgment as to what course should he
The resolution that authorized the
appointment of this committee also
authorized the appointment of a com
mittee of citizens to look Into the
matter of the condemnation suit
brought by the city against the C. F.
Buy at borne. Help the
local merchant wbo helps
the town to grow. First
read the C.-N. ad columns.
I ’ sind I. company for land needed for
i j reservoir purposes at. .Mouumcut
Lake. The mayor named on this com
mittee, W. M. Rapp. George St racy,
H. Nichols, M. K. Holloway, D. 1,,
j Taylor, J. F. Sherman and W. M.
I Jamieson.
Washington, Jan. 5 - Chairman
Flood, of the House foreign relations
committee today told proponents of
legislation to prohibit exprts f war
materials, that the German govern
ment thru tlie Berlin foreign office,
has made it plain that it did not ex
ited the United States to stop such
Chairman noon mmie his state
ment to Representative Murtholdt,
who at a public hearing today was
making a general argument for ills
resolution to stop exports.
"Suppose," ho asked Hart hold!.
••that you understood that the Ger
man government thru tho German
foreign office, hart said that it did
not expect this government to puss
this legislation. Would you support
Representative Burtholdt assorted
that he knew nothing of the attitude
of the German government and that
in* and Ills associates opposed tho ex
portation of arms on the grounds of
••international immorality.”
Chairman Flood repeated the state
ment in his (inestion and added:
"I say that they realize, and so
state, that they do not expect this
government to pass this legislation.
"The state department,” said
[Chairman Flood to Representative
Murtholdt, "has investigated your
charge that dum-dum bullets wore
being shipped from this country to
the allies. They have found that not
more than 700 of these bullets liavo
; left tho country and that none of
; them would fit modern military ser
vice rifles.”
Representative Marlioldt said lie
had heard that the neutrality of the
United States had been violated by
j the shipment or Canadian troops over
American territory in Muine, on their
| way to the war zone.
1 "I have never heard of that,” said
j Chairman Flood. Representative
j Murtholdt said that ho knew of the
i incident only as a matter of gossip,
j ‘‘The shipment said that he knew
, of tho incident only as o matter of
• The shipment of war supplies to
, belligerent nations," said Chairman
| flood, "has been recognized for 100
years as a right of our citizens by tlie
law of nations. When this luw be
gan that right was recognized. En
gland, thru her foresight and tlie ex
nendilure, had gained control of tho
seas It would be to her disadvant
age to change this situation nov
Would it not be an unneutral act? -
Representative Murtholdt said that
only equality toward all” could mor
ally Justify the exercise of the right
to ship arms to belligerents.
Without that moral background,”
lie said, "the right should be exer
; cised. Now we are actually w aging
war on Germany and Austria and tlie
guns and bullets we alii pare killing
(.Continued ua page 0.) -

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