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Tonight ami Thursday fair; not so cold. ESTABLISHED 1877 Hundreds Near Death in New York Subway ___ ( . Electrical Explosion in Conduit Causes Fire That Traps Morning Passen gers. Two Hundred Go to Hospital. Death List May Reach Score. Wheels of Business Stop Until Tube is Cleared of Dead and Injured. New York. .Ism. -More thun lost persons were overcome by smoke, cut by flying glass, bruised and otherwise injured in a fire aboard a train in the subway at the height oi tno rush hour ihis mornipg In the panic and confusUm which ensued police headquarters issued a report that 11' persons had lost their lives, but this latter proved to be un founded and only one known death was recorded. Tile entire lire lighting force of Manhattan, every ambulance in the borough and every puiiuotor that could be found were brought to the recne. The fad that scores of persons were unconscious led to the early report that many had been killed. Later Police Commissioner Woods and Fire Chief Kenton announced that so far as they knew there had been no fatalities. \ surgeon attached to the Holy Clinic hospital reported that ono Injured worn: :■ had died in an atnbulauco on her way to the hospital. New York. .lan. (!. New York's subway was visited by fire and panic today which scut 200 persons to hos pitals, caused tiic death of one woman and demoralized the tele phone system of the city. The lire was said to have been due to an electrical explosion in a con duit between the Fiftieth and Fifty ninth street stations. The noise, flame and smoke terrified 700 passen gers of two downtown trains sta tioned nearby. In their efforts to escape scores were Imdiy bruised, many knocked unconscious and oth ers overcome by smoke. The subway service, according to Commissioner McCall or the public service commission, may be tied up for several days as a result of the accident. If tills proves true, it will mean that the more than a million persons a day carried by subVay OHIO OPERATORS RESUME ON “OPEN SHOP” SYSTEM Cleveland. 0.. Jan. t;.— O lurators at tin* Fast Ohio Coal Operators' meeting here today, decided to open their mines under the "open shop . plan". Striking miners who have been idle since the first of April last i will be given first opportunity to fill the jobs under the scales offered by the operators. If the miners refuse iiTe offer of the operators, it was said their places may he filled by non-union men imported for tiiat purpose. The operators do not plan to resume oper ation of their mines under the new plan for 10 days or two weeks, it was stated. After adopting the plan tJio operators adjourned. According to the agreement no tices that the mines in Helmont. Jef ferson and Harrison counties will re sume. on a dale to be selected later, will bo posted sit practically a I the mines in the eastern Ohio field. If Hie strikers refuse the terms of the operators, 14.61 cents u ton. the of fered rejected by the miners' union, they will he served with notices to vacate the company's houses. If they refuse to vacate, eviction proceedings will be started. ALLIES BLOW TRENCHES. MIKE FURTHER PROGRESS AGAINST GERMAN FORCES A German trench nearly half a mile long in the Argonne region was blown up by the allies, according to today’s official statement from Paris. The French then made an infantry attack and captured half of the During this charge a grandson of the Italian patriot Gari baldi was killed. The recent death in action of another grandson was said in Rome to have reawakaned the war spirit in Italy. Aside from the fighting in the Ar gonne. activity is limited chiefly to upper Alsace, where the Germans seem to have checked the French ad vance. The only claim made in the French statement is that the ground won has been held. The loss of one position to the Germans is admitted. The Berlin war office states that the French are bombarding towns 22 the rear of the German lines and "seem indifferent to the killing of their ovy countrymen and to the de struction of French property,*’ The capture of several trenches THE CHRONICLE=NEWS Only Afternoon Full Leased Wire Associated Press Paper in Southern Colorado trains will he diverted to the sur face and elevated systems and cuiihc a congestion without parallel in the history ot the city. At first it was believed there had been a terrible catusLr'ophy and re ports reached police headquarters that at least a score had been killed. The entire lire department, all am bulances ill the city and the pulino -1 ter squad were rushed to the scene. Smoke poured out of the subway en trances, man holes and ventilators. [Screams for help could he heard. Tt turned out that early reports had been exaggerated. As It was, how , ever, the accident was described by the police as the worst su.,way dis aster that has occurred here. KITCHENER REVIEWS PROGRESS OF WAR London. Jan. »J —War Secretary Lord Kitchener -ei/.cd the occasion this afternoon at the meeting of tin . House of Lords to inform the na tion ot the progress of the war and of tlie military situation so far as military exigencies permitted. Tin- House of Lords had reassembled for a brief session. Addressing it. Lord Kitchener said: "During tin* month of December the allied forces made progress at various points, but the tide of battle ebbed and flowed with varying suc cess. in spite of tlie unfavorable weather, the French army made note worthy progress to the east of Rheiius and in southern Alsace. "Notwithstanding the transfer of Herman troops to the eastern theatre of the war. they left sufficient strength to hold their trenches in the west. "Gorman aspirations’ in Poland have suffered a severe check, and it is evident that they realize the in finite difficulty of winter operations in Russia. "One of the brightest spots In the military operations during December has been the extraordinary achieve ments of the gallant Servian army. "Last night we received news,” Lord Kitchener declared, "of a Rus sian victory in the Caucasus which I should have a far-reaching influence on all Turkish operations." Continued on iimbi- 3.) fioni the allies is reported. Fighting continues along the main line west of Warsaw, but dispatches from Petrograd and Berlin agree that 1 there have been no important devel- • opments recently. Today's German official communication says that a few Russian positions were captured. The garrison which has been de fending the Galician fortress of Przemysl under siege by the Russians for many weeks, attempted another sortie. Of the force which made the ‘ effort it is said at Petrograd that not one man regained the fortress, every member of the party being killed, wounded or captured. Against two of the three nations she is fighting Russia apparently has scored heavily. To the victory over the Australians last week is added, according to the claims at Petrograd, the lout of two of the three Turkish columns which invaded Russian Cau casus. Latest reports from the Rus sian militarv authorities are that the defeat of the Turks was complete. TRINIDAD. COLORADO, WEDNESDAY EVENING. JANUARY 6, 1915. STEWART WINS SPEAKERSHIP OF HOUSE Republican Chairman Honored When General Assembly Convenes Today Denver, Colo.. Jan. i.. -Philip H. Stewart, of Colorado Spring*, chair man ot the Republican State Central Committee, was elected speaker of th«- House ut the opening of the 20tli general assembly of ('(dorado today. Leroy J. Williams, Republican, of Central City, was elected president , pro 1 4*iii of tlie senate. Senator Pearson presented the name of Senator Harris as the min ority candidate. A roll call resulted in the election of Willifjins. IS to I<L In the House. Stewart was nom inated speaker by Representative George Taylor. Representative Ar ilourel nominated Representative , Finch-': . 27 !*!»•< '* - | After the vote for speaker was taken it was decided that represen tatives had not been sworn in.' al though their elections had been cer tified by the Secretary of State. The Republicans went, into conference with Stewart and it is possible that another formal vote will bo taken to morrow to correct the technical mis take. It was just 2:04 when Lieutenant Governor S. R. Fitzgarald called the Semite to order. Following prayer by I Champlain W. S. Rudolph, the roll I of hold-over senators was culled, then | [Secretary of State Pearce transmit-* ted a list of the newl elected sena tors. Senator Harris moved the appoint-i . inent of a committee on credentials. I The motion carried, and Harris, W. j C. Robinson and Malt 1-1. Lines were] appointed. The com mined that there « were no contests against any of tin: I members on the list submitted by the! Secretary of State. I'pon motion of I senator Lines a committee was ap pointed to notify the chief justice of the supreme court that tin- senate was ready for him to administer tlie oath of office, chief Justice Musser then appeared and administered tin oath. Then the notification commit tee from the House made a verbal re port that the House was organized for business. Lieutenant Governor l-Mtzgaruid received the report with I the exclamation. "You fellows must Ihe Democrats and can't write. ” Fitzgarald then asked for the . ■ i iti l’ I iiu-ii iui in' i ( Coni inu.'it on |i■,u<* 3.1 and that one Turkish army corps was annihilated. The campaign against the Ger mans. however, has led to no definite 'lesults. The Germans are handicap: - ped by bad weather in their advance toward Warsaw, but Berlin asserts that slow progress still is being made. "In tlie Austrian province of Bu kowina, the Rusisans. according to Petrograd dispatches, are meeting 'with little resistance. Friendly re lations have been established between the Russian soldiers and the frontier 'guards of Rounmnia. which adjoins Bukowina. and it is believed in Pet rograd that Roumania is likely to en ter the war. In the west the deadlock contin ues. France apparently is making progress in the invasion of Alsace, hut elsewhere there is little activity except for sporadic encounters bp tween comparatively small numbers of men. < Coul turn'd ou ptiitr '-•) Sen. Charles Hayden ef Walsenburg On tho roll of the Colorado state senate the name is written large Senator Charles Hayden of Walsen burg. A. nulivi- miii o! Hm-rfano county who grew up to manhood in the coal mines, who was self educated up to, tlie point where he was equipped Ito enter college, developing by indo fatiguahle application to study a large and growing lav. practice, Sen -1 ••.•.r i(av- ; . ... i . . ~ tun ru'isiou of the state* assembly iliat convenes toda>. In* a power to be reckoned with. Tlie success of this plain un assuming. yet forceful figure in Colo rado public life, is a lesson to inspire the spirit of emulation in tlie mind of every youth growing up in this great mountain stale. Tlavelen ts oy no means tin* oldest member in the upper bouse of tlie state legislature, lie* is by no means the best, l-ioking member of that body. Hut he is one of the* most re sourceful. tine of tin* most capable, one e>f tin* dominating personalities of tlie senate, one,* with whom tlie pioneer lawmakers will consult and confer. Senator Hayden, during his siv yeurs of service in the legislature, two yea re as a representative anel four years as a senator, lias made a reeorel of which any man may well point with pride. to which, in fact, his friends and constituents do point with pride, anel this record will lie added to rather tlism lessened in im portant accomplishment during tlie ensuing term. The gentleman from Walsenburg who fought for a foot hold in his profession for several long anel lean years is now recognized as erne of the most eminent and learned men at. the bar in Colorado. His reputation is not confined to Huerfano e-ounty or to the southern end of the state, it is far reaching. In Denver Senator Hayilen is spoken of in the- same flat tering and commendable terms as among those who know him best in his home surroundings. Charlie 1 Hayden, as he is familiarly called, has made good in everything lie tackled and he lias kicked a few goals also. Senator Hayden's father was a man of pioneer blood, whose early life was spent in Hamilton county. l 0., and who sought out the wilder ness of Arkansas when a youth. He settled in Huerfano county way hack in ISfiß and conducted a flour, mill, tho, largest in southern Colo-i rado and northern New Mexico. It was kn Huerfano county that Charles- Hayden, the subject of” this sketch, was born on July 2■>, 1572. Young Hayden was short in sta ture hut husky and moreover will ing to »•>» rk and try his muscle at , any kind of honest employment. There was no task or duty then too big for him to wrestle with. At It he went into the coal mines and worked hard linil became a real miner. Hut all tlie time his ambi tions were directed to something out side tlie pit. He had a natural crav ing for knowledge. He wanted to he something more than his early en vironment suggested lie could be. P.y his work In the mines lje saved money and entered t li*• state univer sity at 10. George A. Carlson, the present governor of Colorado, was at tending the university at that time. and it was there that the two met for the first time. In 1890 Hayden graduated from the university and started out to make his shingle mean .something in experience and re -11 urns. As a young lawyer struggling for clients amt recognition in tlie pro fession. Ha> den took his hard knocks with good spirit, lie figured out that a few humps were ••ssentinl. For - • ■ i • : I Colo., and then moved hack to \Val senhurg. In the year I!• 01 Judge Robert R. Ross, then district attorney of the Third mdicial district, made young Hayden a deputy, recognizing tho ability of the Huerfano county at torney. Two years afterward Hay den ambled up to tlie alter arm in arm with .Miss Freda Flebbio of Denver. Those who know Senator Hayden best and most intimately de clare that his domestic life has been crowned with a happiness most ideal, such a condition being the surest in centive to tho best citizenship. During all this time Hayden was building up a lucrative practice at the liar, lie manifested an interest in politics and was always prominent in movements of civic importance. In 19it8 Huerfano county Republi cans selected him as their candidate for the house of representatives. He was elected by a large majority. Two yeurs later ho was elected senator for four years. Charles Hayden hits been one of the stalwart Republican members of the senate, one of the staunch Re ne Id ican leaders of Colorado. His lufluenco has been steadily growing and his advice has been sought more (CuntllliHMl on |iiiKt- (1.1 ENGINEERS PROMISE TO 'TAKE ROOF OFF' ROCK ISLAND R. R. Chicago, Jan. c. A promise i<> "take the roof off the Rock Island railroad system and give all a peek at what is the matter with it." was i made here today at the western rail way wage arbitration proceedings. The promise was made by Warren S. Stone, representing tlie TJrotiior- Ihood of Locomotive Engineers, in the (courso of the testimony of W. J. Lauck, a statistician. I Lauck continued tlie recitation [begun yesterday of tables designed to 'show that the productive efficiency of railroad engineers and firemen lias increased while their earnings .show an actual decrease. James M. Sheclian. attorney for the railroad, pointed out that apparently tho ta ble analyzing tlie Rock Island road showed that the productive efficiency of flic enginemen had decreased. Lauck said that it might be due to the Rock Island's bookkeeping to im proper financing, to poor road beds or to a variety of causes. ‘‘Suppose we take the roof off the Rock Island system and ail take a peek at what is the matter with It?” suggested Stone. "Alright,” responded Lauck. "We will do it later. concluded I Stone. BLACK SMALLPOX BREAKS OUT AT VERA CRUZ Washington. Jan. c. Black Hinall pox lms broken out at Vera Cruz and the tropical town is in tin* throes of an epidemic, American Consul Can ada today reported to the state de part meat. Carloads of dead and wounded from llie battle of Puebla were being brought in today. The consul's only informal ion from Carranza sources was that Villu-Zaptnui troops bud been defeated decisively. Rear Admiral Howard, command ing the American squadron on the west coast of Mexico, toduy reported conditions favorable at San illus where? lie* had been 11**1 ructed to pro tect a German colony at the request jof the German embassy hen*. 1 1 <• lias i withdrawn the gunboat Annupnlis to Manzanillo, but ordered tin* cruiser Raleigh to stand off Sa i Bias. The town is in possession the Villa forces who have been .'lined b\ the Carranzu garrison. VILLA TO MEET GEN . SCOTT IN CONFERENCE 101 Paso. Tex.. .lan. d. General Villa has hissed an order effective to dav prohibiting the exportation of all cattle from territory controlled by the convention forces.. This drastic action was to wen, it was said, for fear of a meat famine in northern and central Mexico. It strikes not only ail foreign and Mexican runch men, but the Villa cattle conccssion ists who have received a large export tax. It is believed that the 8,000 Villa troops on their way to Sonora to assist in the Naco campaign have | ( tossed from Chihuahua City byway of Madero, Chihuahua and thence over land, instead of via Juarez and Casas Grandes. General Villa is expected here to-l day to confer with General Scott. Provisional President Gutierrez of | the convention has repeated his or der to Governor Maytorena to desist from further attacks on border towns until completion of the Scott-Villa conference here. Villa bus remained silent on the matter. Naco. Ariz.. Jail. -General Fe lipe Angeles. Villa’s chief subordi nate and said to be bis choice for provisional president of Mexico, was I captured yesterday when General Alvaro Obregon drove the Villa-Za patu army out of Puebla, according 1 to messages from Vera Cruz received ! today by General liill. commander of the Carranza garrison of Naco. So nora.. The capture of Angeles caused much rejoicing among the Carranza soldiers. Angeles was in command of the army defeated by Obregon. Vera Cruz. Jan. o.—While General Alvaro Obregon, commanding the Carranza forces, is driving the troops of Villa and Zapata from the city of Puebla, a still larger force at Hi polito in tlie north, under the per sonal command of Generals Villa and Angeles is being pushed back by General Vasquez, according to a j statement given out today at Gen eral Venustiano Carranza's head quarters here, liipolito is northwest | of Saltillo on the railroad line to Torrcon. Washington, .ban. (I. -Details of the battle of Puebla supplementing the news dispatches of last. night from Vera Cruz were given today in dispatches dated January i> to the Carranza agency here. iGOlllllllltMl Mil |>WHC ••) Commissioners Let County Contracts for Year 1915 The hoard of county com missioners in its first session of the New Year opened bids for various public work and award ed contracts for the year. On a hid of s9.r>o each the Hall and McMahon Cndertaking company was given the contract for the burial of county paupers. This was the lowest bid, but in other years for some time back this contract has been awarded on bids of one per cent per one hun dred. or some figure in that neighborhood. The Chronicle-News Publish ing company was awarded the contract, for county printing. Tli* 1 Kobinson-Wright company was given the contract for sta tionery and supplies. The Pros pect Coal company received the contract for county coal. Buy at home. Help the local merchant who helpa the town to grow. Flret read the C.-N. ad columns. PRICE 5 CENTS TURKS ARE CRUSHED BY RUSS. ARMY London, .lau •!. -Tin* crushing blow the Russians appear to haws dealt tiic Turks in tin- < amusus, and ilie further advances of i!.- French on tlie road lo Muelhauscu continue to hold (lie foreground in tin- news today iu the absence of any oilier ini portnnt developments cast or west. Petrograd reports that tile Turkish army defeated at Ardahan i I" niilet, northwest of Kars), which is di-dim f. from the forces reported to ha\e ’.been crushed or captured at Sari Kninysh, was today completely sut rounded and being harassed by Ris sian cavalry and “doomed to inevit able extermination." While there lias been virtually no change to the west of Warsaw, it is the opinion of British observers of events that the Russian general staff is giving many indications of an in tention to strike a heavy blow in Hungary. With liukowiua occupied, the time is ripe for an invasion of Transylvunia, iu eastern provinces of Hungary, bordering uu Rumania Nearly 11,000,000 of tlie population of this territory are of Rumanian stock According to a contention of the a I lies, these people may be expected to seize the opportunity to throw off tin rule of Austria and unite with Rus sia. A dispute!) from Paris states that developments “of the highest Import mice", are imineiit iu Rumania. A dozen French and British newspaper correspondents left l aris today for Rumania by y o' P.qigai i*\. Petrograd. via ondou. Jan. Tin* (( nillunril mi inner -. I WILSON STATES VIEWS WOMAN SUFFRAGE Washington, Jan. r>. President Wilson today reiterated to a delega tion of women suffragists his prev iously announced position that equal franchise should be brought about through actioii by the states rather than through u federal amendment. Nearly 10b women from different parts of the country saw the presi dent at the White House and asked him to support the Bristow-Moudcll amendment which comes to a vote in the house January 12. The pres!* dent, told the women that lie much admired their skill and tenacity in their campaign. “I have had a life long conviction that this should be don* l state by state, said the president. I would take tho same position on a question attecting men’s suffrage. I would be deserting my deepest constitu tional convictions it’ L changed my position on the situation. My views on this question do not. represent any antagonism to tho cause itself.’’ Miss Alberta Hill of New York told the president he had made sev eral perfectly splendid" suffrage speeches after his nomination for the presidency. She read abstracts from an address by the president nv Spring Lake, X. J.. in which lie thanked tho organizers of the Wom an's Wilson and Marshall league for their efforts in liis behalf. Iu replying to Miss Hill, the pres ident said lie still held the position ho took on the suffrage question during the campaign and was oppos ing the delegation on the methods of gaining tho vote for women rather than on the merits of the question itself Dr. Francos McGaskin of Philad'd phi closed the hearing with a state ment that there was little difference between the method of gaining the I ote by a federal constitutional | amendment and through amend ments to the state constitutions. Uli mateiy she said Hie state legislo *"res had to pass on amendments. She read a telegram from a ?ar.* - number of women voters In Colorado asking that the president support tho Bristow-Mondell amendment. As the women departed the presi dent shook hands with each cor dially.