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Tonight and Friday fair; not much change in tem pernture. ESTABLISHED 1877 Stewart Is Formally Seated as Speaker Assembly Arranges All Details for Inaugura tion of Gov. Carlson Denver, Jan. 7.—Correction of yesterday's technical error in the election or Philip B. Stewart as speaker before the oatli had been administered to members of the house and conferences of the legis lative committee on inauguration ceremonies wit it Governor 12. M. Ammons and Governor-elect George A. Carlson featured the activities at the state hou: today. The inauguration of Governor elect Carlson and other state officers will he held Tuesday, January 12. and in accordance with the wishes of the ne wexeeutive, will he marked by simple ceremonies. The house today adopted a joint resolution to request Secretary of State Bryan to use means of his office to aid in locating Henry ('. Holsinger. a representative-elect who was last reported to be in Mexico. In correcting yesterday's error in the selection of a speaker. Siewers Fincher, Democratic floor leader, to day presented the name of Philip 15. Stewart. Republican for that office and pledged him the support of the* 2.*. Democratic members. On roll call Mr. Stewart’s election was made un animous. Questioned by Representa tive A. S. Andrew of Pueblo whether Mr. Stewart should again be sworn as speaker, Representative E. M. Sa bine in the chair ruled that it was ft necessary- / <1 aallaaed or p*|(r 3,t GERMANS HELD GUILTY ACTS UNCIVILIZED WARFARE Paris. Jan. 7.—The commission ap point* d on September 23 to inquire into accusations that German offic ers had acted savagely and in humanely against French civilians and oldicrs, says in its report made public today by the French cabinet: • \Vc must conclude that there nev er has been a war between civilized nations of so brutish and savage a character as that waged on our soil by our adversary. Pillage, ravishing, burning, murder, are ordinary pict ures of the situations and facts col lected in manycaccs, prove that the German claims that killing of civil > inn? was due to firing of the popula tion, arc unfounded. •We l'ound proor or the existence in the German army not only of a systematic plan for burning villages but the possession of t*luborate ma terial for this purpose, including torches, grenades, fuses, oil sprayers, clicks of inflammable matter and sacks or tablets composed of a very inflamable compressed powder." Tlie commission affirms that it lias distinguished carefully between fires < aused by bombardments and those said to have been set by band when no rfighting was in progress. It is slated that the objoet was to intimi date the populace, tints spreading terror and panic ahead of the invad ers. "Ravishings of women and girls were so frequent that the number of cases established was only a small part of those which might have been investigated,” the commission says. “The victims or these odious acts generally refused to testify because it would compromise their future.” | The cabinet has been withholding the report of the commission he-- cause it is said it did not desire further to excite public feeling. It was only upon the demand of Georges! Glemencau. the former premier, and Others that the cabinet decided to make public the report. The conclusions of the commission form about twenty newspaper col umns. They review in detail in itances wli’ch. the commission says, f were eatable k» d under oath from wltm-m- • * the usual form nr judicial proccedure, g" -. f THE CHRONICLE=NEWS Only Afternoon Full Leased Wire Associated Press Paper in Southern Colorado WHEAT SOARS TO (???) A BUSHEL Scarcity of Mac&rou. Material Forces Prices on Durum Wheat to a Level Few Beleived Would Ever Be Reached. Chicago, Jan. 7. — Two dollars a bushel for wheat, the dream that no one but enthusiasts ever expected to t ome true, was within half a cent of being a reality today on one grade of wheat if the cost of delivery to Eu rope might be counted as part of the price. A carload of Durum wheat was sold to Italy on a basis that fig ured delivery at destinations at »1.99 S a bushel. Such a price breaks all records for Durum wheat. The supply of that variety in the (jilted States is said to be virtually exhausted for this seas on. Rapid upturns wore witnessed in the speculative market. News that France and Italy had purchased 1,- 500.U0U bushels or more today at the seaboard made tho price of options bore leap higher than at any time, since the beginning of the European war. and reach levels that before had not been equalled since the celebrat ed attempt at a world-wide squeeze by Josepii Loiter. May wheat, tho chief speculative delivery, went to $1,385 as against $1.3<5 at the finish last night. Among the purchasers of the May option was the Rockefeller Founda tion, which wanted to make sure of charity for Belgium, and had been unable to get satisfactory terms on wheat for spot cash. 200 WITNESSES TO TESTIFY IN LA VETA CASES Pueblo, Colo., Jan. 7. Two hun dred witnesses will lie placed on the stand in the La Vela mdrdei trial, in which eight strikers are charged with the murder of a party of mine guards in Huerfano county a year ago last November, according to at torneys on botli sides today. Each side has submitted the names of I do witnesses”already and more are be ing added ally. I The questioningg of talesmen was resumed immediately on the opening oi court today. There have been.ex cused and challenged so far 4 5 jurors of t\p venire of 200 called. An entirely different story of tho La Veta mine strike battle is to bo told Muring the course of the trial, now in session in the Pueblo county district court. in the examination of talesmen for jury service yester day Horace X. Hawkins stated to one man who said lie had become preju diced against the strikers from the reading of the newspaper stories of the La Veta battle, that the news papers have told only one side of the story, and that emanated from the state militia. When interviewed later on this subject, Attorney Hawkins admitted that it was the intention of the de fense, for the first time, to produce the story of the La Veta affair, as it actually happened. "it is an actual fact that not a single newspaper has given the cor rect version of the story,” declared Attorney Hawkins after the day’s session. "I would not approve of the defense now presenting its story of the I.a Veta affair. Naturally, the public would look upon it as a method to gain public sentiment.” ’’Certain newspapers were pro nounced in advocating the miners' side of the strike, why didn’t they tell the strikers’ version of the La Veta battle?” was asked. "That is plain enough. For two months these men were held as pris oners in the Walsenburg jail, incom municado. They were arrested im mediately after the fight occurred. There was no chance for the public to hear their story of the fight. Whatever story was obtained came from the militia members.” . lAsked if there was any secrecy about the general supposition that the strikers will plead self defense. Attorney Hawkins stated that one was privileged to draw his own con |elusions from the questions, being 'asked the veniremen. A conclusion from this source could he nothing else Ilian that the eight men on trial jwill contend that they shot to de fend their own lives. The prosecu tion. in the formation and in the statement to the jury venire, charged 'that Luke Terry, one of the four ‘victims named in the case on trial, jwas "feloniously murdered" by the eight defendants. Yesterday’s proceedings went 'along smoothly. The attorneys did < Coni Inncd on pas* 2.) TRINIDAD. COLORADO. THURSDAY EVENING. JANUARY 7. 1915. LOCAL CITIZENS MOURN LOSS OF SHOOTING IRONS Local citizens who last May in response to a disarmament proclama tion issued by President NVoodrow Wilson, cheerfully, it' not tearfully, surrendered up their faithful old shooting irons ore now kickin' agin tlie government. Those who ransacked the domiciles to bring forth the household heir looms, the old relics carefully pre server! from grandfather's time, are now mourning the loss of the pet weapons. Unde Samuel, who stepped in months ago to put down a reljelllon in Colorado, lias gathered up tlie as sortment of death-dealing hardware and shipped them away to Fort. Lo gan where they will remain In the cold storage of the war department until t lint distant day when there will be no standing armies and no further use for dirigibles, Krupp guns and war correspondents. How well do some or us remember when hastening to comply with that aforesaid proclamation of Mr. Wil son, attested by Mr. Garrison, Col. Lockett, and others, we shouldered the family blunderbuss, the diminu tive 22 or rabbit slaughtering shot gun and marched down town to where Major Cabell, (.’apt. McKinley, and divers ami sundry officers were seated with stern demeanor and lay ing them down on a table, remarked: "Fieri-, rather than have any words with the Democratic administration, we surrender." Of course all of us who did tills thing received a slip of paper known as a receipt to lie kept anti preserved until that day when the same officers were to fit some where and return our personal property. Hut alas, that day was not to come. After a special meeting of the cabinet one tlay last week a wireless message was received at military headquarters hero that owing to the state of un preparedness for war clearly estab lished l»y Congressman Gardner, it was deemed advisable to utilize the guns of the citizens of Las Animas county for purposes of defense when Jnpan decided it is time to invade the shores of this republic. It is figured out that one of those nicked-up relics of the Civil war turned over from the Fourth ward tCmtlpwed on page 2.> Spirited Fighting Along the Argonne Today. Minor Attacks in The Region of The Meuse lurks and Germans Will No! Admit Disastrous Defeat at Hands of Russians. Roman Authorities Investigate Affair in Belgium. The French war office asserts that the eastern end of the German line is being pushed backward at various places. In today's official statement mention is made of an important ad vance in the Woevre district, result ing in the capture of a portion of the German first line. An advance in this district, if continued, might threaten the German wedge in the French line, which reaches south ward to St. Miliiel. In upper Alsace, also, the forward movement of the French is said to have continued. The German office, however, as serts that French attacks in Alsace were repulsed. Beyond the German statement that the advancei n Poland is being con -1 .ondon. Jan. 7.—Neither Turkey nor Germany lias conceded the defeat of Turkish armies in tlie Caucasus, as claimed officially in Petrograd. Ah , further details of this fighting arc received in London it would appear that this reported Turkish disaster! lias been as complete as that suffered ] by any forces since tlie outbreak of tlie war. In spite of this, however, l the latest official communication from Turkey altogether ignores the fighting from the Caucasus and dwells, upon the struggle which has spread over the Persian frontier to Urmiah, an important town where, the Turks say, that aided by Persians, they have defeated the Russians. In Poland the Germans apparently arc no nearer Warsaw, and there Is little alteration in the battle front extending from the Baltic to the Car pathians. The Russians seem to lie still concentrating their main effort in the Carpathian passes. At the same time they are continuing a vig jorous iffensive in Bukowina. In the western arena of military activities the allies have varied their flank attacks, which recently brought 'them success in the sand dunes of ARIZONA ANTI ALIEN LAW HELD UNCONSTITUTIONAL San Francisco, Calif., Jan. 7. The Arizona anti-alien employment act, adopted by the people of the state at I the November election as an initia- 1 live measure, was declared uneonsli- 1 tutional, null and void here today by a special court of three federal judg- ■ os. In brief, tlie court hold that the] statute violated the guarantees of life, liberty, and the possession of' property made to all alike, whether' aliens or not. under the Fourteenth j Amendment to the United States Constitution; that of the state of Ari zona could forbid any employer to hire more than 20 per cent aliens, it could with equal justice forbid him to hire one per cent, or even nn Indl- s vidual alien. This struck at tlie vitals of the acl ! which ordered that any employer J with a pay roll of five or more names must see that at least SO per cent of those names were of duly qualified electors. ami Italy i protested to the State Department that these conditions of employment) violated the treaty r'.ghs of their eiizens. •*The law was intended," said the court, "to lie a police regulation but j umler guise of police regulation the state was in effect depriving tlie com plainant of his right to labor, guar anteed to liimh by the Fourteenth Amendment to tin* United States Con-; stitution "If under guise or police regula-1 tion a state can prohibit an employer from employing more than 2t» per j cent alien labor, it can prohibit him from employing more than five per, cent, and if five per cent, any at all. , •The Supreme Court of tlie United . States recently lias held that the I right to labor is a right of property. An alien cannot be deprived of the right of property. An alien cannot, be deprived of the right of property) under the constitution of the United States." The court made permanent an in junction issued by Judge Sawtcll. re-! straining the State of Arizona from eiitbreiJig the law. * p Washington. Jan 7.- News that ; the Arizona anti-alien employment • law has been declared unconstitu tional and void by a federal district court at San Francisco was received with deep interest among diploma'll j here today, especially at the? British | and Italian embassies, which pro tested against it. and notably at tlie Japanese embassy. Japan had not protested, but viscount Chinda. the i Cnmlwmil «»n pntto U-> t tinued slowly, there were few new! J details of the eastern campaign. Jj The German military government of Belgium denies officially the re-! . port of the arrest at Brussels of Car . dinal Mercier on account of a pas , toral letter in which the cardinal : was said to have advised Belgians . not to recognize German authority. England's reply to Washington’s remonstrance against British inter , ference with American shipping will be altogether conciliatory, according 1 to London dispatches, which say that apparently all danger of fric ■ tion between the two nations has : disappeared. England is willing to make all concessions which she deems not in direct conflict with the ■ interests of the allies, although it is ’ Flanders and in Alsace, by intensify- i ing the pressure from Rheims to the i Lorraine frontier, where some > ground lias been gained. ■ The Germans meanwhile have j • sought to repair the damage done to •jtlioir wings. This lias resulted in tliej 1 recovery of some ground for them ’ near Steinbaeli, in Upper Alsace, but , their attacks in Flanders wore re i pulsed. ; j Tlie reported detention of the Bel- I gian prelate, Cardinal Mercier, by - tlie Germans, presumably for the’ ) j reason that be advised his country-, . men not to give allegiance to tlie . German administration, continues to! lie a topic of lively discussion and speculation in London and Amster-, s dam. t A dispatch received here from i -.Rome says the Pope has requested j iv full information on the Mercier inci-, t dent from the German government.! [• This reported action lacks confirmn- ! - tion. y Berlin. Jan. 7 (via ondont.- The r ! German official communication on, t the progress of the war given out in f 1 Berlin this afternoon reports that LATEST HAITIAN REVOLT CAUSES ALARM 1 Washington, Jan. 7.—Another rev olution iieaded by leaders of the gov ernment recently overturned by President Theodore has broken out In Haiti. Cape Haitien is being at tacked and dispatches to the state .department today say it may fall I within 2 4 hours. • The United States ship Wheeling is standing by to protect American interests. No word has been received here of the reported action of tlie German cruiser Karlsruhe in making a base l of supply at Mole. St. Nichols, on the iextreme western end of the island. iTlie place Is cut off from telegraphic 'nr cable communication. Stun** time ago Bailiy Blachard, the American minister, was instruct ed by the state department to insist that the use of the Mole should not under any circumstances be permit ted as a naval base by any European , power. NINE MURDER TRIALS SET IN COLFAX COUNTY Santa Fe, N. M., Jan. 7.—Nine j murder trials are slated for the dis itrict court term for Colfax county, whicli tins opened at Raton. The I principal case is that of Jpan Do Dios j Roybal, charged with the killing of j Molquiudes Radiol, former assessor of |Taos county. ILLITERATE CHILDREN ARE 15 TO 1.000 (Washington, Jan. 7.—Not more than 15 out of every 1,000 children ifroin 10 to 14 years of age in the I United States are unable to read and write, according to statistics an nounced today by the federal bureau of education. At, o’,i:*'”His «?♦' nje nrrur*-s show* thatl n 1900 there were 42 out of ever?' 1,000 children between tlie iuges of 10 and 14 who were illiterate. • This number had been reduced to 22 in lit IO and to 15 in 1914. "From the point of proportional reduction of illiteracy.” the bureau j says, "Oklahoma leads all states, hi 1909 tills state had 124 illiterate tchilren of the ages named. In 1910 it had but 17." New Mexico reduced from IS2 Ito 07. [believed she will not relinquish the right to search American ships un der exceptional circumstances. An official Turkish announcement makes no mention of the disastrous defeat Russia states was inflicted on the Turkish forces which invaded the Caucasus. The report speaks of mi nor victories over the Russians by Turkish forces, which penetrated northern Persia, and of an indecisive naval battle between Turkish and Russian warships in the Black sea. Activity of Germany’s Zeppelins along the French coast has revived conjecture as to a possible raid on England by these huge air craft. Several of the dirigibles are reported to have appeared near Dunkirk and are then said to have turned toward the English coast. I further advances hove been made by the Germans in tlie western part of the forest of Argonne and that des perate fighting is going on to the !north of Arras. French attacks in the eastern portion of the Argonne forest and to tlie west of Sennheim I (Cernay) —in Alsace—the statement says, were repulsed. The statement follows: "In the western arena of the war the English and French continue to I destroy Belgian and French villages | behind our front; th*s they do by • bombardment. “North of Arras severe fighting is still going on for the possession of j the trenches we took by storm yes ’l jerday. ; - tn tlie western part of tlie forest of Argonne we made further pro gress. The attacks which were de livered January 5 in tlie eastern por ’ I tion of the Argonne. not far from ,Courto Chaussee. advanced as far as our trenches but the enemy was drlv , cn back from our positions ail along ; the line with heavy losses. Our cas ualties were comparatively slight. (Coatlaued un pace 4.) VILLA - SCOTT CONFAB MAY GLOSS OVER TROUBLE ON BORDER El Paso, Texas, Jan. 7.—General Villa is expected late today at tho border here where General Scott, chief ol’ staff of the l ulled States army, has been waiting three days to begin negotiations with the Mexican chief regarding *!i«* adjustment of border difficulties. Villa delayed his trip north to visit his home at Chl huahua City. The first troop train of those bear ing a reported K.OOO Villa troops, ar rived today at Juarez. The trains as , rapidly as they reach Juarez, will proceed from Juarez to Casas Gran des, whence the troops will march overland into the western border state. Washington, .lan. 7. The Mexi can navy, or part of it at least, bus declared for neutrality, according to dispatches, to the Gutierrez agency here, which says four gunhouts on the' Atlantic coast have retired to a quiet cove off Yucatan to await tho result of the battle between the fac lons. Dispatches to the state depart ment, however, were interpreted as possibly indicating that part of the navy is preparing to move the seat of the Carranza government from Vera Cruz to Progreso. These dis patches said the Mexican gunboats Bravo and Progresso left Vera Cruz January f» carrying soldiers, consti tutionalist money, gold and silver bullion, saddles and food stuffs. The Progresso was said to be hound for Tampico and the Bravo for Pro gresso. Washington, Jan. t —The Car ranza agency issued this statement: "Official advices from General Carranza state that the situation on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec has un dertone no change. too agency was instructed to deny emphatically that any bridges or tunnels of the Tehuantepec railway had been de stroyed. "General v.urranza holds that tho magnitude of the defeat of tho Vllla ista troops at Marte compares favor ably with that at Puebla. Marie will be the base of operations from the attack on Torreon. The fall of this city would mean the complete isola tion of Villa, as he would lose his principal base of supply. "Advices from Naco report that General Hill, military commander of the constitutionalist troops there has been called to Vera Cruz by the first chief to report upon the difficulties growing out of the shooting into American territory at Naco. It is probable that General Bellas, Calles will succeed to General Hill's present position." ENGLAND REPLY TO AMERICAN NOTE IS CONCILIATION Jan. 7. -The reply of Great Britain to the American note regarding interference with the shipping is wholly concil iatory and shows a disposition on the part of tiie English to help our freight us far ns possible. England wishes to do everything in its power consistent witli the proper safeguarding of the interest of the allies to facilitate world trade and stimulate commerce, paralyzed as it is hv war conditions. Conse quently. it is declared, there Is no disposition on the part of England to protest against the purchase of German vessels by Americans when the sale is genuine and tin* shit) is not used so as to avoid what might reasonably he called the conse quences of belligerency. The use of transferred German ships in the cotton trade with Ger mans probably would call forth ob jections from the allies. although ! cotton is not contraband, because the allies, it is said, would regard such use ns a roundabout means of escap ing the effects of the war. MISSOURI GOVERNOR ADVOCATES REFORMS Jefferson City, Mo., Jail. 7. Greater activity on the part of the state immigration department in preparation for an influx of immi gration ns a result, of t lie war. a workmen's compensation law and the purchase of a thousand acre farm to bo worked by convicts of tho state prison were among the reforms ad vocated by Governor Elliott \V. Major in liis address to the general assem bly of Missouri today. But at home. Help the local merchant who helps the town to grow. First read the C.-N. ad columns. PRICE 5 CENTS U. S. WILL NOT PROBE CHARGES MADE BY GERMANS Washington, Jan. 7. Secretary Bryan toduy informed Count Bern ' storff, the German ambassador, t lm* the United States, in maintaining strict, neutrality, must refrain from officially investigating or comment ing upon Ills charges that iluin duni bullets were being furnished from tills country to the allies. Secretary Bryan told the ambassa dor, however, that if he could fur nish proof that forbidden war ma terials were being shipped by Ameri can firms, President Wilson would use Ills influence to stop the traffic without involving legal or Interna tional questions In a letter fo Count Bernstorff, Secretary Bryan referred to denials of American manufacturers to tho recent charge of darn dum bullets and riot, guns being furnished to the allies. The letter follows: "I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note of the fifth, ultimate, calling attention to ‘fresh violations of the Geneva convention, as well as of Section ‘2, Article 23i», of Tin* Hague convention of July 20. 1599 by the British government' hi tlie use of <1 tiin dum bullets. “I can assure your excellency that I am not unmindful of the spirit in Which you bring to the attention of tliiHj government the improper prac tices which are alleged to have oc cupied 1 nthe conduct of tlie pres ent war. But while this government may take these statements ami charges under consideration, it is In its effort to maintain a strict neu trality In the present conflict, obliged 1o refrain from investigation their truthfulness or making any comment in regard to them. Tl.i time i. <ii . .-uii • . when the truth may be Impartially determined and when the judgment of the world will he passed upon the charges made by the various bellig erents of violations of the rules of civilized warfare. "Your excellency also states that the British government bus ordered fro rathe Winchester Repeating Arms company 20,000 riot guns,’ model 1X97, and 50,000 ‘hucketshot car tridges' for use in such guns. This department saw a published state ment of the Winchester company, the correctness of which the company has confirmed to the department l»y tele graph. In this statement the com pany oatagorienlly denies that it has received an order for such guns and cartridges from, or made any sale of such material to the British gov ernment or to any other government engaged in the present war. "Your excellency further calls at tention to Information, the accuracy of which is not doubted, that 8,000,- 000 cartridges fitted with ‘mushroom bullets’ have been delivered since October of last year by the Union Me tallic Cartridge company for the ar mament of the English array. "in reply 1 have tne Honor to refer to the letter of December 10, 1911. of the Remington Arnis-l'nion Metal lic Cartridge company of New York to your excellency called forth by certain newspaper reports of state iments alleged to have been made by you in regard to the sale by that com pany of soft nosed bullets. From this lotlor, a copy of which was sent to this department by the company. It appears that instead of 8,000,000 cartridges having hern sold, only a little over 117,000 were manufac tured and 109.000 were sold. The letter further assorts that these ear tridges wore made to supply a de mand Tor a fitter sporting cartridge with a soft nosed bullet than had (ConllniM-ri «»n paw HYWELL DAVIES OFF TO SETTLE ANOTHER STRIKE Cleveland, Jan. v. well Davies, one of the representatives of the United States department of labor appointed by Secretary of Labor Wil son to make an investigation of the eastern Ohio coal strike, with a view to bringing abotu a settlement, ar rived 1u Cleveland today to confer with Walter R. Woodford, president or tlio Ohio Coal Operators’ associa tion. Daniel .1. Keefe, the other ap pointee of Secretary Wilson, was to confer with international officer of the United Mine Workers of Amer ica In Indianapolis today.