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The chronicle=news. (Trinidad, Colo.) 1898-current, January 08, 1915, Image 1

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WEATHER BUREAU.
Tonight and Saturday fail.
Not much chunge in tem
perature.
ESTABLISHED 18;
French Gain New Position
in Alsace--Teuton Hosts
Succumb to Enemy
French Advance Steady and German Lines
Bend Before Fierce Assaults of'United
Allied Force. Armies in East Deadlocked
in Death Grapple. Fighting Renewed on
Seivian Front.
Capture of. another town in Alsace to tlie south of
lleunheiin is reported l>v the French war office in its
statement of today. The German communication neither
affirms nor denies the report, savins merely that
fighting is still in progress for possession of the town.
It is stated, however, that reported '
French attacks in Alsace broke down,
under the German artillery fire.
In u few o' ’.or localities between
the North sea ..nd Switzerland sharp
fighting is in progress, In which each
side has peered its minor victories,
but over most of the line there is lit
tle activity.
The armies in the east are similar
ly inactive. The German communi
cations mention an engagement oast
of the ltawka river in Poland, where
II is said that the advance is still in
progress, but the psetacular clashes
of great masses of troops during the
earlier part of the war have no paral
lels now along the Warsaw front.
There.as in the west, the Germans
and Kussians have dug themselves
into tile ground and are taking up
the tedious, operations of warfare in
the trenches.
Great Britain's preliminary reply
to the American note concerning
British iinterference with American
shipping was delivered today to
Ambassador Page, who forwarded it
to Washington.
'• i: tantinopA?. regarded »>> the
allies as one of the greatest prizes
of the war. should they win, and
Tursey be forced to give up. may
be abandoned soon us the seat of the
Turkish government. A dispatch
Horn Sofia. Bulgaria, gives in cir
cumstantial detail tin account of un
settled conditions at Constantinople,
where it is said that international
disorders as well as attacks trom
without apparently are feared.
It is asserted! that preparations,
have been made to remove from flic
«it.v the archives of the state and the ,
treasury, should the necessity arise,
and that at Adrinnoplc arrange
ments are under way to receive the
government offices. An Anglo-
French fleet is hammering at the
Dardanelles which if passed, would
i>uruuliellc. s « u»» »■ •*
I Cahlliiphi «•« |insr "•>
STATE SPRINGS
SURPRISE IN
LA VETA CASE
i'ucolo. Jan. X. That all 10 de
fendants in the La Veta murder case
former coal strikers are accused of
killing three mine guards and a
I cheatiffeur have been endorsed as
witnesses by tins state was the * n, ’“
prising fact made known at the trial
/of eight of the accused lo re today.
*7no state intends calling the de
fendants to testify in cases against
their companions, since they are
freed by law from taking the wit
. ness stand in llieir own individual
cases. Besides the eight accused now
facing trial. John Flocklnirt and Sam
„ DeJohn will be state s witnesses. The
former was left out o! the trial here i
through an error in that his name
was omitted from the informal ion
* hud still is in the Walsohburg jail.
It is intimated that one or more
of the accused who will he culled ns
witnesses by the prosecution may
turn states evidence.
A sensation was sprung yesterday ,
in the La Veta trial when ii became
know’ll that one of the ten men orig
inally indicted for killing the four
mine guards in the La Veta ease will
be a witness for the prosecution dur
ing the hearing and turn stute's evi
dence. He is Sam do John, whose
whereabouts lias been a mystery ever
' since the case was transferred to
Pueblo county four months ago.
A subpoena for De John was issued
yesterday on behalf of the urosecu
i*oi, on poi.-i* o- *i' • , cent ion and
this developed the fact that Do John'
is now in the county Jail at VValsen
Coutluuvil on tiflHf 3.)
THE CHRONICLE=NEWS
Only Afternoon Full Leased Wire Associated Press Paper in Southern Colorado
German Government Sends to Vatican Expla
nation ot Delayed Detention in Belgium ot
Cardinal Mercier. Claims No Truth In
Reports. Holds Nation Must Act Quick
to Handle Critical Station.
Rome, Jan. 8. The German government has sent to
the Vatican an explanation of the Mercier incident in
which it says that there is absolutely no truth in the
report that the cardinal was ever arrested by the Ger
man authorities in Belgium or even eoufined to his own
SHUSTER TALKS
ON ISLANDS
SITUATION
Washington, Jan. \V. .Morgan
Shuster, for eight years uii Ameri
can official in the Philippines, be
fore becoming an international figure
in the financial affairs of Persia told
the senate Philippines commission
today lie believed Japan would be
glad to enter into a treaty with the
I'nlied States to neutralize Hie
islands.
Shuster could not conceive of any
foreign power attempting the con
quest of the Philippines after the
withdrawal of the United States.
There was an unwritten Monroe doc
trine in the far east maintained by
Japan, he said, which would make
that nation oppose the entry of any
other power into the Philippine
group.
“It Is my opinion Japan does not
want the Philippines,” ho said, “and
| would be glad to enter into a neu
tralization treaty for their protection
'on our withdrawal.”
Japan, he said, “had \asi territory
of her own undeveloped and Japanese
'colonization of the Philippines, was
highly improbable now or in the fu
ture because of climatic and economic
conditions. Ifc believed a neutrali
zation treaty with Japan would be
sufficient, but that all nations might
be asked to join in it. The events
of the last six months in Europe, he
said, made him believe such a treaty
; would be respected.
“A strong power has violated the
laws of nations there," he said, “and
is suffering and will continue to suf
fer for it. There has been a quick
ening of the moral sense among na
tions. I believe that is shown by
the shock with which the world re
ceived the violation of Belgian neu
trality."
lie added lie believed treaties in
future would be more binding than
in the past and not looked upon as
"scraps of paper."
Senator Lippitt rout rusted state
ments by Shuster published several
years ag opposing the independence
j of the Islands, with articles recent
ly published by him taking the op
• posite view. Shuster replied it was
,rue lie had changed his opinion.
Eight years as a government official
hi the Islands, lie said, bad tinged
him with the thought of those with
whom he worked. Since that time
ho had seen other people and was
now convinced that the Ftliplnoes
. could a government satis-'
• factory to themselves and give rea
sonable assurances to the rest of the!
World of order and protection of for
eigners.
. Shuster favored the administration
bill Tor a greater measure of self-,
government and urged that it include
I some definite promise of complete in
dependence.
• T predict that ir the United States
retains the islands and gives no defin
ite promise of independence for 25
!years more, they, will never lie given
their freedom.
Representatives of the Methodist
Ministerial association also appeared
today* and ul*g.'d prohibition <»r li
quor or opium traffic in the islands.
Newton G. Gilbert, formerly vice
governor general of the islund. tn
vored the hill so far as it granted
.additional powers to the Filiplnoes,
but disapproved tho independence.
TRINIDAD, COLORADO, FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 8, 1915.
• pulace or prevented from leaving it.
Continuing, this cxplnnation says:
“The German authorities entrust
led with the most delicate and dif
. It task of maintaining order in
Belgium and convincing the hostile
population ot that country of their
sincere desire for their good, siiuply
?ddressed to Cardinal Mercier a most
I deferential prayer that ho abstain
front any attitude which might
make difficult the accomplishment of
their duty, or ultimately entail risk
; to the Belgian people.”
ft, following tills course, the Ger
mans, the explanation goc< on. had
in mind thr* fulfillment ot liie Chris
tian duty “v'lifcli must be particu
larly dear to a minister of the church
jof avoiding the shedding of blood."
“Any agitation or tumult arising;
I from even an indirect cause." the!
[German communication says in con- j
Elusion, “will render necessary se
vere measure on the pari of the]
troops for the restoration or order."
Petrograd. .lull. s. There was
given out in this city this after
’ n*H»’i official communi* Uciun iron,
[the headquarteis stuff of the Rus
sian army in the Caucasus reading:
“In the combat of Ardahau, tn
I I rnns-Cnucnsia, |0 miles northwest
of Kars, we defeated and dispersed
the component parts of the Ottoman
arrnv which formed part of the first
army corps. Tills corps had been
stationed at Constantinople. A nuin
i her of Rnshiha Zouaves brought from
European Turkey as well .is bands o'
Adjar tribesmen who nave taken up
the cause of Turkey, fought against
us at ArduliHn.
"We captured a large quantity or
war booty. "
AMMONS IN LAST MESSAGE TO LEGISLATURE
PLEADS FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AND
URGES ENACTMENT OF TREASON LAW
Denver. Colo.. Jan. An urgent
i plea lor law enforcement in indus
trial disputes and a suggestion to the
legislature to protest against the
proposed federal land leusing sy/tein
were the outstanding features of Gov.
E. ,M. Ammons' message to tbe twen
tieth general assembly of Colorado,
presented today Governor \ininoin*.
at I lie dose of li is term, reviewed the
events or the last two years and
recommended various legislative en
[ actments which he declared bad h'-cn
proven wise in the light of ;*ast ex
perience.
Much of the message was taken up
with a discussion of the recent coal
miners’ strike. Referring to indus
trial disputes in general, the gover
nor said:
“This question overshadows al!
others in importance. It vitally at
feds the stability of our very gov
ernment. Widows, orphans, cripples,
' haukrupt owners, deserted mines and
destruction of property will never ac
complish that good feeling between
employer and employe necessary for
the success of both and the maluten
junec of good government. If our
country is to thrive or even exist
us a nation all classes of people must
i bo made to yield obedience to law.
To secure obedience to law. Gov
ernor Ammons urged the estublish
j incut of a state police force. ‘*l*ub
-1 it* Safety." ho commented, “would
be more certainly secured «than by
the national guurd) if there were
available si force oi experienced of
ficers to be called to the assistance of
the local authorities at the outset of
disturbanc.es.” If this plan should
i he adopted, the governor added, “the
national guard need not be called
I into active service except iu cases of
, great emergency.”
“There seems," the message cou
Trooper Dashes
From Train tor
Drink--Is Left
Soldier’s Thirst Causes Him To Lose
Apparel.. Is Held as Deserter.
When the troop train bearing
Troop II of the Fifth cavnry stopped
at Walsenburg Wednesday night cn-•
route to the Fifth cavalry barracks at
Fort Leavenworth. Kansas. Trooper
.1. D. Hendrix awakened with a thirs
•tv feeling in his throat. Looking out
lof the window his eyes rested on the
i enticing sign of a Walsenburg thirst
parlor. ; g"f MiNKKI
, Hendrix' palate longed for a lit lie
! liquid refrt-b:. -r:it. to gauging tin
distance lie b»- ided that he could
.make the return trip and secure a
j bottle of refreshment while the train
! was taking water.
; The weather was rather chilly, tin
• thermometer standing about zero,
and lie knew that lie must make tbe
jtrlp undetected by the guards on du
ty. so therefore dared make no effort
Ito procure his shoes or hut. so in
stocking feet and bareheaded lie
dropped out of his berth window and
j ii I a hot-foot or ratlu r > old-f< et,
j to the saloon.
!!«• procured the whiskey alright
j but when be returned iiis train was*
| gone, and with ii went both shoes:
and hut. Hunting up tin- marshall
i Hendrix told the story of his mis
fortune. and the marshall. taking
pity on him, gave him a pair of civil
ian shoes and a civilian but plus a
licket to Trinidad.
When Hendrix arrived here In
surrendered to Sergeant Gibbs of tho
I local recruiting station, who in
terned him in tin* city jail and wired
I Washington. D. for instructions. ,
[lt is probable that Hendrix will la-
I sent to durance v'lc. tu Fort Logan
or ninety days or more.
PRES. WILSON AT HOME
OF INIDIANA SENATOR
Indianapolis. Jan. s President
Wilson arrived here ut 1:48 p. in.
-ml woit directly. „■ houio of
United States Senator Kern. A
iarge crowd greeted him at the sta
tion.
MORE TROOPS LEAVE
COLORADO COAL FIELDS
Washington, Jan. S’.- Troops
I and L, Eleventh cavalry,
have been withdrawn from the
Colorado coal field. Another de
tachment left Canon City today
for Fort Meade, S. D., and troops
B and H, Twelfth cavalry, left
Canon City Inst night for Fort
DarusseU. Wvo.
lE.M.AMMONSI
tinned, “to be a subtle influence to i
.prejudice the public mind against the !
national guurd.” This "influence" j
Governor Ammons deplored. He j
urged that the public give its support
ito the state militia and that young ,
men bo taught that it was uti honor
to be enrolled in its ranks. .
Continuing his discussion of labor i
j controversies, the retiring executive
recommended the enactment of n
statute defining and punishing treas
;on against the state. Pointing out
that the present criminal code of
'Colorado fulls to provide penalties
BRITAIN REPLIES
TO AMERICAN
COMMERCE
NOTE
London, Jnn. 8.—Ambassador 1’ago
today received from the British gov
ernment I lie preliminary reply to tin*
1 American note protesting against
British interference with Axnericun
I shipping, lie forwarded it immed
iately to Washington.
Washington, .Ian. s. It had been
understood here that the British
government's preliminary reply to
the American note on interferences
with shipping: would not be complete
ly responsive, because the legal
propositions advanced by the I’nited
States and once partly accepted have
since been held not generally bind
ing on all maritime powers. State
department officials expect a separ
ation of these legal questions from
the general representations tor treat
ment in the subsequent, note that is
to conic in a fortnight,
t .At noon the British reply had not
'been received but officials expected
that with prompt transmission it
would lie oncoded and before them by
nig lit.
! Conversation between Sir Cecil
! Spring-It ice. the British umhassudlor.
Secretary Bryan and Counsel lor Lan
sing have led state department offi
cials to believe the British govern
ment would recognize the emergency
which existed as indicated in */*
American note. The legal questions
'which huve aroused controversy and
whit'll the state department officials
I believe will be trouted later, apply
particularly to the assertion of the
■ right to ship cargoes of food and otli
i er contraband of a conditional char
acter. as well as to such absolute con
, tramand as copper, where shipped to
neutral countries thru which it
might reacli u belligereir.
The state department believes,
however, that the preliminary Brit
ish note delivered to Ambassador
Page today denis with the American
protest against needless detention
and seizure of American cargoes
which have complied with all the
British Requirements so Par laid
.down. When tile l.’nitcd Stales,
without abandoning its contention in
.regard .to the exemption of certain
classes of commerce* from interfer
ence, gave its official sanction to tin
, inspection of outgoing cargoes by
Britisli consular officers and by
/treasury agents, it felt it had a
right to expect that ships t litis lad
en would bo permitted to proceed
'ConllniiiMl nn««- 4.»
for sedition against the constituted
authorities, the message said:
I recommend the enactment of
laws defining and providing suffi
cient penalties for treason, sedition
and armed resistance of the militia
or civil officers of the state and of
tbe several counties."
In the proposed federal leasing sys
tem Governor Ammons see -a grave
inonace to the states of the west.
“With insistent and dangerous ef
forts to establish a federal leasing
system over the public domain.” the
message? recited, 'we urn tuning a
grave danger to the future growth of
I the Rocky Mountain country
••The general assembly should pro
test most vigorously again?! tbe pas
i sago of any leasehold bill and Urge
our western senators and r**,»resen
jtatives to stand together with un
flinching firmness ugaiust every
l measure to place the publ'c domain
upon a leasehold basis.”
The governor then cited the reas
ons whic h lie said entitled the west
ern states to the use of the natural
.resources within their borders.
The message discussed state high
ways. and urged that, in view of the
; di.sirnb'lity of a system of primary
i roads across tho slate, particularly to
! secure tho tourist travel to and
j from the Panama expositions, the
legislature should "postpone fora
j vear furt her new improvements on
the capitol grounds and pay to the
road fund the $250,000 due it for
! money advanced in the construction
.of the capitol building some years
! ago.”
The governor referred to irriga
tion and urged that ample lunds be
u’ovicled for the prosecution of var
ious water suits with neighboring
tCuntluucU cn page 0.)
Blame of Colorado Coal
Strike Rests on Dem.
State Officials
Legislative Committee Declares in Report Strike Could Have
Been Averted It Officials Had Supported Ammons at Outset.
Would Change System ot Government.
Denver, .lun. S. -Tlio Colorado coal minors strike could have been
averted if Governor E. M. Ammons had received •'the proper and hearty
cooperation of tho executive officers of the state government." says the
report of the special commission appointed at tho extra session of the
legislature last may to Investigate the strike. For this reason the re
port continues, "it is not out of place to recommend to tin* present legis
lature the consideration of a constitutional amendment for the election of
a governor and lieutenant governor and providing that the balance of the
executive offices of tho state bo appointed by the governor.”
'Hie committee’s report was submitted to tlie general assembly today.
The committee quotes tho report of the state coal mine inspector as
indicating that "iuos fit the coul companies have generally and substan
tially complied witli the statutes. ’*
The state cannot legally operate coal mines in competition with pri
vately owned mines except by the adoption of a constitutional amendment
or under strict martial law. says tho report.
The consolidation of all departments mid bureaus of state govern
ment which dealt with employers and employes under one head Is rec
ommended by the committee as is also a reorganization of the national
guard into fewer and more compact units.
The committee says a constitutional amendment is necessary before
a compulsory arbitration law ran b»* enacted, but suggests legislation
creating voluntary arbitration or mediation hoards similar to those in
Canada and Wisconsin. The committee says that at the inception of in
dustrial trouble “the state should have means at its command to inves
tigate and. then assert and maintain a position in regard to the substan
tial merits of tin* controversy.”
An adqunte workmen’s compensation law is urged.
The report is signed by Samuel j. Harris, .1. F. Pearson, George
Stephan, Siewers Fincher, \V. D. Wright, Jr.. ni.d Chester K. Sniedby
Smedley retains the privilege of filing a c'ipplementary report on pro
posed legislation
The committee says that as the
strike had already ended it consid
ered it unnecessary to go into many
matters contained in the resolution* j
under which it was apoplnted but
confined Us reports to recommenda
tions which will lie just to all and
make industrial disturbances less li
able to occur in the future.
The enfoicement or the Mat" lanu
laws, tho committee holds, should be
done by the district attorney, the
land board, the inspector of mines
and the attorney general.
In connection with Its suggestion
that tlie governor lie given means to
investigate impending labor contro
versies the committee says settle-,
ment of differences is much easier
before than after a strike is declared.
Safety and sanitation in mines, the
committee says, should be the mutual
interest of employer and employee.
In suggesting a reorganization of
lhe national guard, with a general
staff in charge the committee recom
mends that lliis general staff call for
all such • resignations from officers,
as may lie necessary. The reorgan
ization plans contemplate that if
• ailed on strike duty command
should be with the senior line offic
er rather than with an adjutant gen
eral.
To prevent the guard being called
out in case of extreme emergency the
committee recommends tli establish
ment of a state police or stato con
stabulary. The proposal for a set-'
(lenient of the strike submitted by,
the committee to both operators and
strikers is made part of the report.
Tiiis proposal was rejected. In brief
it provided employment in mines of
only certified miners, wage advance
of five per cent over the scale ot Sept.
], 913: calling off the strike: strik
ers to lie put back to work as fast as
required: no discrimination against
[union men: check Welshmen; arbi
tration committee in mines employ
ing more than ten men: abolishment
of scrip: men to board and trade
where they pleased; abolishment of
the mine guard.
GOV AMMONS PRESIDENT
SONS OF COLORADO
1 »amei. Jan >'. Governor K M\
Amnions was elected president of the
Sons of Colorado last night.
SENATE RATIFIES SOME
AMMONS APPOINTMENTS
► Denver. Colo.. Jan V The
* nano »of i i>e i ecess appointees
i were *,ent to the senate today
» by Governor Ammons for con
► firniat ion They include:
► F 10. Uracil, state bank com
► inissioner: G. I). Crossebooni.
► stato boiler inspector: W. It
( Fraser, game and fish warden;
* Famu<! Epsteen, insuran
» mifesionei V f. Hoggatt, rcgls
► ter state land board: James
► Duoe, state oil inspector: M I’.
► Capp. warden of tin* state rc
y formatory at liunea Vista. Tito
y list also includes eight public
y trustees and other minor oft'ic
► ers.
Buy at home. Help the
local merchant who helps
the town to grow. First
read the C.-N. ad columns.
PRICE 5 CENTS
LOCAL WIRELESS
STATION TO BE
COMPLETE
TONIGHT
If weather permits wireless com
munication between Trinidad and
Denver will lie effected tonight. A
wireless message will be flashed from
|the state military wireless station at
the armory to the chief military sta
tion in the capitoi city. The iirsf
aerial message will be sent out by
Capt. E. A. Smith of Company A.
signal corps of the Colorado Na
tional Guard, who lias been in tlio
.city for several days supervising the
installation of the wireless apparatus.
The finishing iouenes will he ap
plied today. The metal staff stands
; today an answer to the curious in
quiries of citizens. This mast was
set in place yesterday. Today a sec
ond mast will lie erected on Chestnut
street, across from tho postoffice.
These masts are of steel tubing. »'>■•
, feet in height. They will have an
aerial connection consisting of six
wires set three feet apart. Tin
'sending and receiving instruments
will lie located in the armory build
ing on Maple street.
Tin- Trinidad station Ih the second
to be erected in the state. The lirst
station in Denver lias been in oper
ation for several weeks. Soon a
third station is to be erected at Wai
cenburg. This will give wireless
I Coni In ut*d on uoki* -J
Wheat Price
Reaches Zenith
May Wheat Reaches $1.42 ; Over
Three Cents Over Yesterday's High
Mark. Cargo of Macaroni Wheat
Sells at $207 Pei Bushel. Deliv
ered in Italy.
’ Chicago. Jan. S’. Wheat today
.-hot straight toward the zenith. In
, consequt nse as high ns ■'
. bushel was paid for May. tlio • 1»i• ■'
, speculati\e optlou, a rise in ex ess ol
, 3 ceni -a bushel b< yond what ou
, liai <• been r< alizi d yestei da • a tbe
, acme of a big w hlrl The dost t<
, Uaj wa unsettled, Muj at $1,402
> a gain of 2ic compared with last
►: night.
t j Spashlng of war record prices for
, wheat began proptly today at the
t first gong on change. Opening qui
> tations were ;c above last night. May
> wheat, the leading option, .pimped ,0
> $1,399 as against $1 3$S. the tip top
y Tor yesterday.
y On a second wave of buying May
> wheat went to $1 1 a mshel, the
high.-st price, with few exceptions.
y in fifty years
► . (Continued on pngc -•)

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