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The chronicle=news. (Trinidad, Colo.) 1898-current, January 12, 1915, Image 1

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Tonight generally lair
Warmer east lortlon; Wed
nesday generally cloudy.
Oath Administered at Auditorium by Retiring Chief Justice
Musser. Parade Passes Thru Long Lines ot Cheering
People. Militia Officer Injured in Fail from Horse.
Denver, Colo., Jan. 12. George A. Carlson. Republican, liecam
governor of Colorado today. The formal ceremonies were held in the Den
ver municipal auditorium and were attended hy large nuuiuers of persons
from all parts or the state. The oaili of office was administered by
George W. Musser, retiring chief justice oC/the supreme court. At the
conclusion of Governor Carlson’s inaugural address Justice Musser ad
ministered the oath to tiie other seven executive state officils.
The fof-n ; ceremonise were preceded by an automobile parade front
the state house to the auditorium. Participating were Retiring Governor
K. .M. Ammons. Governor-elect Carlson, retiring and incoming state offi
cials. members of the state supreme court and state legislature.
Carlson is the first Republican governor since the retirment of H.
A. Hutchell six years ago. Of the other newly inaugurated state officials
tiie lieutenant governor, secretary of state, auditor and treasurer are
Republicans, the attorney general aiul state superintendent, re-elected,
and the new associate justice of the supremo court are Democrats.
The only untoward incident occur
red as the procession started on its
return to the stateliouse. The horse
ridden by Captain Edwin Smith of
the Colorado National Guard, shied
iu an automobile and fell. Smith s
leg was caught beneath the animal
and severely wrenched.
Immediately upon their return to
the statehouse both house and sen
London. Jan. 12.—The German
oniiscr Bremen has arrived at Wil
heTnishaven badly damaged by a
mine, according to a dispatch re
coived by The Evening Star from
Denver, Jan. 12. Bconoui> in
state administration and prevention
of industrial disputes were the tasks
placed before the twentieth general
assembly of Colorado by Gov. Georg**
A. Carlson. Republican, in iiis inau
gural address here today. In addi
tion. the new executive urged ade
quate workmen’s compensation, stale
control of public hinds, vigorous
prosecution of ititer-stute irrigation
suits, laws for the enforcement of the
prohibitory amendment ami other
legislation on subjects of importance
to the state.
Governor Carlson reviewed the his
tory <.!' industrial unrest in Colorado,
declaring that responsibility for dis
astrous strikes belonged in part to
the state because "our own state gov -
eminent acquiesced iu the widening
breach ami made but feeble protest
for the inestimable damage done the
state by these recurring and violent
As a substitute for this "feeble pro
test.” Governor Carlson recommended
the creation of an industrial commis
sion. This commission. lie said,
should be given power to adjust dif
ferences between employer and em
ploye, promote voluntary arbitration
and administer "laws now existing
or hereafter enacted concerning the
relationship between employer and
Among the duties of the industrial
commission would be "to put into el
fect and administer a system ot work- ■
men's compensation” The plan out
lined iu tlic address was for the fixing
of compensation by tin* commission
with the reserved right of appeal tc
Die courts.
' A vigorous plea for economy in
state administration was followed by
the outline of a plan for consolida
tion of boards and bureaus and the
simplification of state departmental
Referring to public lands. Gover
nor Carlson said: “The public lands,
water power and other natural ro
-1 sources of this state should be opened
f to development. Thirty-two nor em* r
A of the total area should not be taxed
| to maintain government over l lie
' whole stall*. Development in tb"
I older stales came only through pri
f vale ownership. These states should
| not deny to the younger public land
Only Afternoon Full Leased Wire Associated Press Paper in Southern Colorado
ate adjourned until tomorrow.
Governor Carlson announced the
following appointments:
.1. I**. Vivian, private secretary to
the governor during the session of
the legislature; Eugene Millikeu. pri
vate secretary after the close of the
legislature; M. 11. Allesworth. mem
ber of the public utilities commission,
vice A. TV Anderson, term expired.
Cheyenne. Wyn., Jan. 12.—The
[thirteenth legislature ot Wyoming
convened today. James ,\l. Graham
of Fremont county was elected
i-.-r >r r: ' .* was *•
peeteil that Kdwurd W. Stum* would
be named president of the senate lm
for the eloso of the day. The mes
sag ot Governor John It. Kendrick
probably will l»c presented tomorrow
Both houses have republican major!
slates rights equal to those that they
i have enjoyed themselves."
"At the November election. " sard
Mr. Carlson, "the people decided that
on January I. 19 Mi. this state is to
become dr> The duty now devolves
upon you to carry out the people’s
will by appropriate and adequate leg
islation. 1 lie called attention lo Kan
sas. which, lie said, had prohibitory
laws that are enforceable and effect
ive." Among the prohibition ennrt
urents recommended in the address
was a law giving peace officers "the
same right of search as is given now
in ilie gambling statute."
"It thou Id no made asy. " tiie gov
ernor continued, "to remove officers
who refuse or neglect to enforce the
laws passed by you.”
Governor Carlson urged the aboil-
t.ion of tiie system of classified ap
propriations and tin* adoption of a
budget plan of handling state finance.
"Tin* state's revenues can be deter
mined exactly, and appropriations
should bo kept within the available
amount.” be commented.
The governor recommended an in
vestigation and revision of irrigation,
district laws; amendment of or new
laws to permit loaning school funds
to farmers and a county unit school
To the Members of tin* Twentieth
General Assembly of the State
of Colorado:
[.iir- In i»i v fi'W ihivs' :issn-
Greeling: In my few days’ asso
ciation with you I have become Im
pressed with the fad that the desire
of each to serve is intense, and your
' determination to accomplish is defin
ite and firmly fixed. Colorado is
young in history. Her vast resources
arc yet in the earliest infancy of de
velopment. Mighty problems have
proven baffling, hut I mil most high-'
lv gratified to find nowhere among
you a disposition to quail or cringe.
Giant problems are the despair of the
weak, but they only serve as a spur
to the strong. The complexity of your
problems is only matched by your op
portunity for service.
Colorado and the immediate par
ties have suffered much from indus
trial disputes. Frequent conflicts
i between employer and employe have
occurred, and each conflict has been
characterized by increased bitterness.
I and. in some instances, attended by
Ret rogrud. Jan. 12. Nows reach
ing here of a proposed expedition in
lone by the Germans and Austrians
against Servia. it being said t hat the
Teutonic allies are con tcm plating tin*
ulsputeh of II army corps to that
country to avenge the recent Aus
trian reverses, is looked upon in Rus
sian military circles as a transpar
ent ruse on tin* part of Germans to
distract Russia's attention from the
Polish campaign and to divert Ibis
government from'further reinforcing
the Russian armies in Poland.
The Russian general staff, ii is
said, is not being influenced bv the
reports and is continuing its cam
paigns already initiated. Meanwhile
the number of German troops in
Russian Poland has not diminished,
hut is continually bring increased on
tiir 15/ura and Nlemon rivers, on the
latter waterway as far as Tilsit.
The Russian general staff sas as
certained, army officers sa>. that tin
Germans are preparing for an offen
sive campaign from the extreme
northern frontier down to the river
Pilieia, where the Austrians likewisi
have not diminished their forces.
Tin* supposition Mini the Germans
arc mat. In;; v .. diutiui.v la. .v
omployrd in the western war then
tor. where there virtual!.! lias been
no advance on cither sole, is not
shared hv mililarv authorities us
tney maintain the Germans must ad
vance or fail before the spring
destruction of property and blood
shed. It. therefore, must be apparent
to all that Ihe present methods of
preventing and settling grievances
b«M ween employer and employe are
entirelv unsatisfactory, and quite
frequent I.' disastrous to those direct
ly involved, and in the public at
large. It Is. therefore, imperative
lhat this legislature earnestly and
• Mgiienllv address itself to the prob
lem of ascertaining and removing, if
possible, the causes of these indus
trial disputes. To preserve peace is
but a part of Ihe problem. The causes
at the bottom of disorder must be
recognized and measures adopted to
eliminate them
Early in our country’s history in
dustHes were small and industrial
competition much less keen than to
day. Employes know their fellow
employes and were on elos*\ friendly
relations with their employer. There
was no need ot an intermediary
agency, established speciall> to pre
serve harmony and insure fair deal
ing between the two. Rut time saw
increasing development of on r re
sources. and out of this development
grow gigantic industries and large
combinations of labor Inventions of
labor-saving machincri. and the ever
increasing size of industries made ;i
very complex proposition out of what
had been a very simple one, and tend
ed to push the employer further and
further awaj from I lie employe, and
the employe from the employer. Cer
tain conflicting purposes of employer
and employe clashed, bitterness de
veloped and evidenced itsell. from
time to time, in strikes, boycotts,
blacklists and lockouts. Colorado
Tins experienced all of these. Amid
these epochal changes there was de
veloped no intermediate agency to
. protect the employer and employe
from the excesses of the oilier Oui
own slate government acquiesced In
. the widening breach and mad< hut
. feeble protest, for iliei ncstimabk*
damage done llu* slate bv these re
curving and violent disputes.
The time lias now come when
- Golrrnlo must cease being merely a
i negative force. Our stale govern
* incut must become a positive and vi
i ml agency to harmonize our antago
nistic industrial forces; an agency to
r stand between employer and employe
Governor George A. Carlson
Washington, Jan. l 2.—President
Wilson intimated today to callers
that he will veto the immigration
bill because of the literacy test. 11l
advance of tho final passage of tin
bill by congress, lu* -aid he would not
announce his intention, but added
that his • allers •*> Id form a read
guess of what ills i i -ition would be
Petrograd. Jan. I- Tin* re
ported death of Grand Duke
Alezander Mieliaolovit* ii. broth
er-in-law of Emperor Nicholas,
while fighting in Persia, was of
ficially denied in Petrograd to
and compel fair dealing between
ii)uni. i believe tills result can •» at
ho accomplished b> the establishment
of an Industrial commission charged
with the power and duty of adminis
ter! n{f law's now existing or here
after enacted concerning the rela
tionship between employer and em
ploye. Boards and bureaus now ex
isting and designed lo deal with cer
tain phases of this relationship lack
co-ordination, uniformity and a defin
ite plan, and should lie abolished and
their powers and duties delegated to
the commission.
This commission should be given
broad, general powers ft should
have power to administer and enforce
law's proic ting ile life, health,
safety and welfare of employes: to
investigate and prescribe wdiat safety
devices and other methods of protec-I
tion are best adapated to render the
employes of every department safe:
to do all in its power to promote the
voluntary arbitration, mediation and
conciliation of disputes between em
ployers and employes, and to avoid
the necessity of resorting to strikes,,
lockouts, boycotts, blai 1
eliminations and legal proceedings
in matters of employment: to estab
lish and conduct free employment
agencies and to do .ill in its power to
bring together employ* i 1 • ' ""
employes and workers seeking »*m
ph vmimi : to dev 1 e and adopt i ho
most efficient means within its power
iu avoid unemplo inent ■ l to P*''
vent, involuntary idleness, to prevent
distress following involuntary idl!
ness; to publish information relating
to the work under its jurisdiction;
to subpoena witne-ses and to exam
ine books.
Rower to form an advisor.' hoard
should i>•* given the commission.
Such a board, composed of persons
aerving w it lidut conipensnt io and rep
resenting the different interests ai
ferted by the commission's rulings,
would be able to give valuable aid
and suggestion to tin* commission
and tend to minimize 'lithism of
its rulings
i In addition to ihe power to issue
and en fort e orders he <om
mission should have po.v**v to issue
- special orders when* parti, alar or un
• usual circumstances would make a
• general order work an unreasonable
Granting ot Liquor License to
S. Salito Causes a
The action of the city council last
night in granting a wholesale liquor
license to S. Salito is criticised se
verely by some of the local wholesale
merchants who declare that the
granting - of permission to a person to
conduct a business of that character
outside of the business district for the
paltry sum of SSO not only estab
lishes a bad precedent but militates
to the disadvantage of other whole
sale merchants who pay big rents or
taxes and a license of S6OO a year
to conduct the same kind of busi
Salito. who was granted a license,
claims that he uses lus home in Rio
aliey to store the wines which he
peddles in quantities not less than
one gallon, outside of the city. He
claims also, or rather his attorney.
Earl Cooley, claimed last night, that
he cannot afford to establish him
self in a downtown building. Not
withstanding the fact that there has
been objection from residents of that
section that, a liquor traffic was be
ing carried on there, the council saw
lit' to grant a privilege which is not
only an authorization of peddling
but an unfair competition to the
more legitimate wholesale merchant.
One of the most prominent mer
chants in the city today—a man who
is ito iavgest. individual utxpayei in
tiie city and a wholesaler, protested
vigorously. He contends that it is
an injustice to permit a man to do
business under the conditions that
sui round the granting of a license to
Salito. that it provides an incentive
M'unlliiliril on |»mci- **■>
hardship upon any interests coining
within its scope.
Heretofore, our stale government
j.jik stood In and allowed ‘industrial
disputes to become more and more
hitter until finally violence oceiirred.
Tin gtute troops were then ealled out.
An imiiistrial commission armed with
full information as to tin* exact con
ditions in a disturbed employment. *
with power of mediation and concil
iation and offering inducement to as- ■
liitration would in cost cases be able ■
to suggest a satisfactory solution. In
. as«* either side proved unfair. ot :
agreement could not 1"* reached tin*
public would be in full possession of
the facts. This is the application of ■
Ihe commission to a situation grown
Along the lines of preventive work
its broad powers tq decrease unem
ployment. to compel safe ulaces of
’employment, to enforce exist tug and
future laws concerning tin* relation
ship of employer and employe would
certainly tend to diminish the pres
ent industrial unrest, and establish
a condition of harmony.
Complementary lo these powers,'
tho commission should have author
ity to put into effect and administer
a system ot workmen's compensation
Long and hard-fought legal contests,
undoubtedly, have contributed much
to the bitterness existing between
employer and employe. To protect
himself the employer pays large sums
of moil ex to insurance coni panics,
who in turn assume his liability, and
in order to make a profit can pay the
employe but a fraction of the
amounts so received.
The system of workmen's com pen -
ation ex*< pi iu certain cases of se
rious and willful misconduct, gives
the employe a right against Ills em
ployer to a fixed and definite or eas
ily ascertainable sum on the mere
occurrence of an accident in the
course of the employment. The
amount of compensation is lived ac
cording to the degree of injury or
disability and is not made later than
a. certain number of days after the 1
. injury, thus furnishing funds i<< the
employe or his dependents when they
• are most needed. It limits the om
■ • plover s liability, which is now un
i limited, in case of injury where
■ death does not follow. it removes
The citizens’ committee appointed
by Mayor Dunhivy last week to In
vestigate the suit of Harry Jiokosana
against the city of Trinidad and re
port suggestions relative to the plan
of settlement proposed by the plain
tiff, and the coininiltee named to
look into the eity's condemnation
suit against the !*’. & I. Go. for
land at Monument Lake, will be
railed iu ■»> confer with tile mayor
and members of the water committer
of the council this week.
Thu mayor announced hist night
that 110 former committee will meet
at the city hall on Wednesday night
of this week and the latter commit
too on Thursday night. The mem
bers of tin* committee to report on
the llokosuna case are J <’• Bell, D.
L. Taylor. (' 11. Nichols, Hurry
We t. George llausmaii. J. O. Pack
er and John Aiello. The members
of the other committee are \\ M
Rapp, George St racy. II Nichols,
I). L. Taylor, .1 r. Sherman, II K.
Holloway and W. M. Jamici.on.
The city attorney announced last
night that G. S. Redd, counsel for
Hokosana, lias offered a proposition
of settlement and suggested that the
committee lie called together to con
sider the matter.
Harlan Heads Board of
County Commissioners
—«— ■
<L F. Harlan again heads as chair
man thu hourd of county commls- j
aionefrs. When the commissioners.,
met today to reorganize for the
term, the members elected W. W
Taylor to the place of the chairman,
but Mr. Taylor declined and Mr.
Util lan was named iu tils -lean. Dr. j
Perry Jaffa was appointed county
physician to succeed himself and P.
N. Putt Ison, district niatiugcr of the
Mountain States Telephone and Tele
graph Go., was elected county audi
tor. The election of a country attor
ney will come up this afternoon. Into.
the danger of excessive verdicts and!
of insufficient verdicts. The em
ploye is put to no expense in the col
lection of the amount of compensa
tion dii" Appeal may be made from
iTie commission’s ruling to the courts,
nut. experience in tin* states where
tin* law is now in force shows that
seldom is appeal made. Workmen's
compensation relieves private and
public charities from the burden of
caring for injured workers and their 1
dependents, relieves tin* courts of
much litigation an<l tends in a con
siderable degree to remove Hie bitter
ness so frequently following contests!
in tin* courts between employer and
em ploye.
The people arc* demanding tlisit 1
this legislature increase tin* effi
cient*.' and eliminate the extravn
i gan* e and wastefulness of the pres
ent organization of our state gov
ern men t. It is earnestly urged that
curly in the session your financial
committee, or such committee as
you may appoint for the purpose,
'make a thorough survey of every of
fice. hoard, bureau and department
with a view of making known all ex
isting inefficiency and lack of econ
Many Helds of inquiry suggest
themselves. As Hit* state has grown
demands have arisen for hoards, bu
reaus and commissions to perform
certain functions. Each need or
imagined need resulted in the crea
tion of a new office. From time to
; time these needs have changed,,
ceased to be urgent and in many
cases ceased to exist: but tb** office
j remained. This multiplicity of of
fices having different policies and
covering tb** same field has caused
executive and administrative author
ity to become more and more de
centralized. until at the present time
it. is difficult, and sometimes impos
sible. to execute a unified policy.
After such a survey is made. all
duplication, lack of co-ordination.
* unnecessary boards, bureau and
• commissions should be eliminate*!
and an efficient, economical organl
■ /at foil substitute*!.
It is highly important that there
■ should be available in collected form
- accurate statistics on the expense of
* our state government. This legis
* lature should pass a law making if a
Buy at home. Help the
local merchant who helps
the town to grow. First
read the C.-N. ad columns.
City Claim Against State Paid.
Saioonmen Ask Old
Licenses Back
A financial report submitted to tin*
, city council at its regular meeting
last night by City Treasurer Sol II
Jaffa allows that the amount of reve
nue collected •>y the «• it> from all
; sources during tin* last year of thu
present administration is some S2IL
-0*»0 less than the appropriation ex
penditures. This means naturally
.that the same relative figures will
apply to the fiscal year, the state
ment being compiled from January
1. 1911 to December JI
About sll!,util) of Hu* loss In reve
nue Ik attributed to the loss of saloon
licenses during the period of mouths
that tin* saloons wore closed. The
report of the treasurer einpha.-i/.cs
Hint the city has run behind ami that
tin* revenues have been inadequate to
, meet the expenses of municipal gov
A welcome gift to tin* somewhat
.depleted treasury was a check for
SOOO from State Treasurer M A.
1 Leildy which settles in fu'l the
claim of the city in tin* amount of
S.J7o.Gf» against the state for feed
ing and curing for military prisoners
in the city jail during tiie time of
iniiiihi occupation oi tb** • ’*■ "i
trid. This SOOO represents H
amount of the claim together with
the sum of S2O 1 I which tin* city
paid tb** state to make a total of sooo
in state bouds which were sold by
the state to take up the claim. The
H’nntlnufti im iimicc g.»
[duty of tin* heads of every depart
ment to file with the state treasurer,
on or before January Ist preceding:
‘each legislative session, an estimate
in detail of the amounts required by
their respective departments for the
biennial period following. The state
treasurer should submit such esti
mates to the committee on appro
priations for its information. Pro
vision should lie made for the public
ation of these estimates. The com
mittee on appropriations, having the
treasurer's estimate of available
revenue and the estimates of e\
peiisc for the biennial period, would
be greatly facilitated In its work, and
aid in preventing over-appropriation.
I Publication of these figures would
inform the public more accurately on
the expense of its state government
The present system of classified
appropriations ciieourages the vice of
over-appropriations. Aus a result,
departments of government classed
below ilie second class, and having
no mill levy for their support, in
many instances have been without
funds for as long as half the bien
nial period. To secure efficient re
sults, each department of govern
ment must know exactly how much
revenue it has to work with. Other
wise the operations of the depart
ments affected by over appropriation
are restricted, and in several in
stances in the past, have been com
pletely demoralized. It is lust as
unwise and unbusiness like for a
state to spend more than its income
as it is for an individual or business
concern to do the same. The state s
revenues cun he determined exactly,
and appropriations should he kept
within the available amount. A can
vnss of states has been made to de
termine how many states have classi
fied appropriations, and of J • states
replying to the inquiry, only oil*'
Missouri, has any classification. In
Missouri, the expense of the legisln
iture is placed in the seventh and last
( lass and as a result, there has im
been an unpaid appropriation in !
years. The moral is obvious. It’
( >verv salarv suffers proportionately
by over-appropriation, then* will bo
little danger of the same This evil
••an he overcome l.v the enactment of
a law providing that all appropria
C.l II (ill Ill'll Oil |l»t»- 3.1

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