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THE GILPIN OBSERVER.
VOL. XII. The Observer Mining Department. COMPLETED SINKING. W. H. Nioholls, general superintendent of the Robert Emmett mine, on Mary land mountain, has completed sinking iu the main or cage shaft, which gives it a depth of 425 feet. Ho is now engaged in cross-cutting south to the crevice, which is estimated to be fifteen feet distant. As soon as tho crevice is reached and a station established at that point the cage will be put in. There is a large amount of ore opened up in the mine ready for backstoping. llll'll NOTTAWAY OKE. Last week Cundy & Co., of tho East Nottaway mine, Lake district, sold to tho State Ore Sampling works in Black Hawk a lot of ore which gave the follow ing values: Gold 37.40 ounces, silver 13.50 ounces and 7.20 per cent, copper per ton —a total value of $742 per ton. The Observer trusts that the parties operating that portion of tho property will take out plenty of tho snme kind of •ore, for they are all worthy of a big bonanza. JENNIE-BLANCHE LODE. • The Jennie-Blanche lode, rear of the Rocky Mountain Concentrator in Black Hawk, is still undergoing development work by the Prentice Investment com pany of Denver, who have a lease and option on the property. Drifting on the south vein is going forward. Some very fine smelting ore is taken from the vein, which is being shipped to the smelters. The ore is galenous in character and car ries considerable quantities of copper. KEYSTONE - LEAVENWORTH MINING COMPANY. The Keystone-Leavonworth Mining company, in Russell district, have practi cally unwatered the property, and the shaft retimbered. There remains quite an amount of debris in the lower level yet to remove. This accomplished, Mr. McKay, the manager, will commence sinking the main or engine shaft an ad ditional 100 feet. AVOKK DELAYED. Owing to the breaking of a spur whoel and another wheel of tho hoister in use at tho Flannigan-Jefferson mine, in Rus sell district, Tuttlo & Co. met with con siderable delay in the shaft workings on that property the first week in tho pres ent month. The defective wheels have been replaced with new one 3, and work underground is now progressing the same as before the accidents were met with. CLAY COUNTY MINE LEASED. W. Ballatyno has leased the day County mine, in Lake district, which was worked by Smith A Chaffee in the early days. The same gentlemen who were connected with him in the lease of the Puzzle lode, on Bobtail hill, are in with him on the Clay County. New ground is to be opened up by levelage. Mr. Ballatyne took hold of tho property last Thursday, and has already com menced work. NAGLE-HATES LEASED. The claim on the Bates lode, on Bates hill, known as the Nugle-Bates, has been leased to Postmaster 11. J. Sears, Charles Truseolt, Prank Bunney, John Curuoir and Thomas J. Rowe. The property, which is patented, is situated east of the Cowenhoven claim on that well-known vein, has a shaft down to a depth of 200 feet. The new pool are all practical men in mining. Postmaster Sears hue secured the services of an A No. 1 miner who will represent his share in tho de velopment work. MUST CENTENNIAL AND DEWEY. Knowles A Co. are still continuing their cross-cut south from tho First Cen tennial to the Dewey mine, and are in quite a distance. According to an un derground survey made eoiue time ago tho distance to be driven is 370 foot, al lowing for the pitch of the latter vein, which is to the south about 30 degrees. They anticipate when reaching tho vein that it will be at a point whore the vein matter will be well defined. IN THE MATTER OF ADVICE. Advice is usually worth what it costs and in questions involving values in the domain of mining, engineering or mining law, it is best, whore practicable, to get competent advice and pay for it. If anything really important to the ques tioner is involved it will usually prove the most satisfactory manner. In cases of disputes, arbitration is preferable to litigation, and oven in such cases it is often requisite to have some idea of the rights of each disputant before an opinion enn be furnished, and such opinion can be beßt supplied by a mining lawyor or mining engineer, according to tho matters involved. AFTKIt BUFFER I.ODE. Goorge M. Williams, of this city, and his associates who took a lease on the After Supper lode, situated in tho roar of McFarlane & Co.’s foundery in Black Hawk, have commenced work on the property in earnest Finding the old shaft in bad condition without a proper area of ground for duiupnge purposes, and almost impossible to put in a wagon road for an outlet and inlet, they started a now shaft east of tho old one and far ther up the mountain. They aro down to a depth of 40 feet, and will continue sinking until a depth of at least 100 feet shall have been obtained. They have erected a small but comfortable shaft house, and for tho present are using a windlass for hoisting purposes, which will be supplemented by a “whip” w’ith which they can hoist from the depth of 100 feet. The new shaft can be reached by tho building of a short piece of road to intersect with Merchant street, on Swede hill, which will afford an inlet and outlet. They propose to make a mine of it. PAY DAY. There was a large sum of money dis bursed last Saturday by the leading mines of Gilpin county it being general pay day with them. Notable among them was the Kansas-Bui roughs which dis bursed over $16,000. This company now gives employment to 155 men, the con tractors in the mine not being included in the number above mentioned. As a natural consequence, business was very good among the business men of the county. TAYLOR’S MINING HILL. The Dinver Evening Times says: “Senator Taylor’s bill. No. 134, to amend the code of cl .nl procedure the measure which aims to cut off the double trial in raining ejectment suits, is in line with tho recommendation of Governor Thomas and embodies an idea that has the in dorsement of Judges Hallett and Riner. At tho last session of tho legislature the bill was passed and was vetoed by Gov ernor Adams. Under the law at present whien is a legacy of the old common law. a party beaten in a mining ejectment suit may pay the costs of the trial, and im mediately secure a new trial, going over the ground again. The Taylor bill is in tended to stop this. It will be possible to bc’ure a rehearing on error under the new hpv, the same as in any cause, but mining causes will not have to be tried twice. ADVANCE IN LEAD. Lead took a jump last Saturday up to 7V£ cents. To the producer this means 1 K cents more per 100 pounds. As the Denver Times states, the rest goes to tho smelters and ore buyers. Friday’s quo tation in New York was $3.85 per 100. Saturday it soared to 83.92^. An advance in lead has been predicted for some time by those who follow tho course of the market and consequently are posted on the fluctuations of this metal. Advices from New York asserted that all lead would bo up one cent in thirty days, and the rise of today carries out the prediction. The ore buyers purchase from the mine owners at an advanco of 1 cent for every 100 pounds for every live points advance in the New York market. Con sequently the producer secures one fifth ol tiie market value of his product. By the method of making live points to the unit, tho miners of this state will realize about 1 1-5 cents profit in tho rise of 7G cents in New York. This is, of course, in a general way the idea. But ore that carries 60 per c»*nt lead Fells for more than that which shows only 10 or 15 per cent of lead. DENVER AS A GATEWAY. Recognizing the fact that Denver is the gateway of the great gold producing district of Colorado, and tho whole Rocky Mountain region, an exchange in com menting upon tho fact of tho building of a now coinage mint building in Denver to cost $500,000, adds that it will furnish local employment to a largo number of people. The country tributary to Den ver, including Colorado, Utah, Wyoming, Idaho. Montana, New Mexico, Arizona and Nevada, will then send all or most of its gold to Denver. Tho new coinnge mint will inevitably be a government sub treasury, and will probably result in Denver having the disbursing office of tho pension, now distributed at Topeka, Kansas. In the event of tho increased use of silver ub money, tho entire future coinage of silver will probnbly take place at Denver. Tho new coinage mint will therefore have a very marked effect on Denver as a financial, mining and mining machinery supply center. INTEHKHTING INVENTION. An interesting German invention pro vides for instantaneous soda water in siphons, says tho Scientific American. Thedovico is called “sodor.” It consists of a siphon provided with a wicket cov ering. The top is of peculiar construc tion and admits of the insertion of a pear-shaped, thin iron capsule, filled with liquid carbon dioxide gas. Tho top of tho siphon is hingod, and after it is swung into place a lever is pushed down which forces a piercing pin down through the sodor capsule. Tho gas then forces ita way out through special chancels CENTRAL CITY, COLO., THURSDAY, JANUARY 19, 1899. into the top of tho siphon and impreg nates the water in the siphon. Tho thick walls of the bottle are not readily broken by tho pressure of the gas. This device will undoubtedly prove of considerable interest to those who live at a distance from bottling establishments. k FIRST STAGE OF A MINE. The lirst stage of a gold quartz mine figures as a fissure in the earth’s crust. The fracture may extend down as far as say 5,000 feet, or to a point where the crust is pasty and elastic. The second state is the vein filling. If the matrix be quartz it is a favorite theory that it must have been deposited there from and by the extremely hot water percolating through the shattered yock below, and trading its outlet through the open fis sures. With the silica come the metallic sulphides, usually iron pyrites carrying gold. According to such hypothesis, as the waters loaded with the minerals ap proached the surface thoy gradually be come cooler and tho minerals were de posited iu the fissure and the vein mak ing was complete. INVESTIGATING MILLING METHODS. H. C. Hendey of San Francisco, was in Denver Friday evening, says the Repub lican, investigating the milling methods of this state. Mr. Hendey has a mine in Southern California, in which ho has opened a large body of low grade ore which runs from $8 to sl2 per ton in gold. He has not been able to treat it at a profit so far, and has brought a ton of the ore with him to see if it can be treat ed by the Colorado methods. He says that Colorado is far in advanco of Cali fornia in tho treatment of low grade ores. UNITED STATES MINT RETORT. Director of the United States mint, George E. Roberts, makes tho following statement of the production of gold and silver in this country for 1898. It is based upon information received from of ficials and agents of the bureau of statis ties. While Colorado takes the lead nearly all the states and territories show an increased production. The following tabulated statement gives tho compara tive amounts for 1897 and 1898, which is copied from the Denver Mining Re porter: Director of State 1898 Mint, 1897 Estimate of. Alaska 8 2,039,930 $ 1,778,000 Arizona 3,185,490 2,090,300 California 14.883,721 14,618,:XX) Colorado 24,500,000 19,104,200 Idaho 2,273,902 1,701,700 Michigan 65,000 62,000 Montana 5,209,302 4,373,400 Nevada 2,959,731 2,978,400 New Mexico ... 360,000 356,500 Oregon 1,343,069 1,353,100 South Dakota . 6,841.406 5,604,900 Texas 7,500 7,4<X) Utali 2,170,543 1,726,100 Washington... 599,483 119,900 Wyoming 5,168 11,200 South Appa lachian States . 33,832 283,309 Totals $65,782,677 857,303,000 JUG COFFER COM HI NATION. Tho Chicago Record of lust Saturday says that a gigantic combination in cop per was recently effected in Now York, and with tho reputed backing of the Standard Oil Company, the American Copper company, in its combination of six great plants, expects to revolutionize the copper mining industry of tho world. The Boston and Montana and Butte and Boston Mining Companies, tho Old Dominion Copper company of Arizona, | and‘the Arcadian Tamarack and Osceola Mining companies of Michigan, are named as the component parts of the now organization. It is understood that the Calumet and Heela company, tho largest producer in tho Lake Superior region, declined to enter the combine. COLORADO’S PRODUCT FOR 1 HUS. The Denver M ining Re porter, after de ducting refinery products erroneously added to the totals, and metal and ores duplicated in returns, the product of Colorado mines during 1898 gives tho to tals as follows: Value Gold, ounces, 1,103,739 823,513,048 Silver, ounces, 23,458,058 13,604,420 Copper, pounds, 12,585.026 1,488.420 Lead, pounds, 121,493,953 4,303,929 Total value, 843,031,453 WEST SANTA FK HOLD. The West. Santa Fe mine on Senton mountain, Idaho district, was sold Tues day to W. E. Renshaw of Idaho Springs for 8.50,000. He will consolidate it with other interests ho has in that section. The oro from tho mine carries both gold and and silver values. The pnpers were signed Tuesday and Renshaw was put iu charge of tho property. NEWS AND NOTKB. H. B. Adsit has been appointed gener al manager of tho Uassick mine at liositn, this state. Colorado’s gold yiold for 1898 is more that the United States agrees to pny for the Philippines. A deed from the Empire M. & M. Co. has been placed on record convey log to the Waincross M. A M. Co. all of the property of the former situated in Gilpin oounty. H. C. Torbert, a former mill man of this county, who has been in Mexico for tho past ten years, was visiting in Den ver last week. State Geologist T. A. Rickard, recent ly married in Denver, is spending his * honeymoon on the Pacific coast, at San Francisco, California. McFarlane & Flaherty have leased their Cedar lode, on Negro hill, this city, to parties who will place a plant of ma chinery on tho main shaft. Professor C. E. Linderman spent sev eral days last week in the examination of a miue in Russell district, upon which ho will make a report for eastern parties. L. Sternberg of tho Lotus mine this week completed making a shipment of a 300 ton lot of ore from that property, which is one of the best developed in Russell district. Parties are uuwatcringand getting the shaft on the Livingstone lode, near the Golden Cloud, at the head of Virginia canon, in shape for development by the , lessees of the property. Mines and Minerals says that Mr. C. C. Parsons, mining attorney, of Denver, , has gono to London, England, with ref erence to resumed operations on the , Newhouse tunnel at Idaho Springs. The local pool formed here to work the Bench lode, an old patented property, < situated south of the Topeka in Russell j district, have commenced work. The ( shaft is to be put in good condition for ( deeper developments. At tho annual election of tho Boston 1 & Colorado Smelting and Refining com- ] pany held in Denver, January 11, the fol lowing officers were elected: President, t N. P. Hill; vice president, H. R. Wolcott; ( secretary and treasurer, Crawford Hill , The London Mining Exhibition begins j in May and continues until October. U. • S. makers of mining machinery have j been invited t r . take part, and as coinpar- j ison must result favorably, it is a good business to bo properly represented j there. ; Tho Munroe Gold Mining company, i recently organized to work the East ] Monroe mine, on Quartz hill, have re- ] filmed sinking, tho present depth of tho shaft being 320 feet. Harry Armsfleld lim been retained as manager of the property. Mayor John C. Jenkins has received government patent to the mineral sur- 1 vey known as the Durango lode, situated on the westerly slope of Mammoth hill, this city, which has been made a matter j of record at the office of the county clerk , and recorder. State commissioner of mines H. A j LPe, in his report for tho past year gives ;] the number of accidents occurring in Gilpin county as follows: Fatal, 11; non- fajtal, 23; total, 34; or a per cent, of a H possible 1,000 of fatal 4.34; non-fatal, 4.37 total 13.50. Tho Idaho Springs News says J. ,T May, manager of the Seaton properly, and E C. Eddy of the Dove’s Nest mine, have leased the Smith mill in the upper end of that town, and will have it in op eration shortly. W. B. Gilmour is to he the mill foreman. The gains at the Denver mint for the llrst ten days in the new year show an increase in tin; gold receipts of over 22 per cent, compared with the corrcspond ing period in 1808. Tho receipts footed up 8700,915.57, as against 8730,850.00 in the preceding year. The Monroe Gold Mining Company, with a capital stock of $250,000, to open the Monroe mine on Quartz hill, adjoin jug the Kansas Burroughs Consolidated property, has been organized. Incorpo rators Mary B. Murrell, Herbert S. Shaw and Frederick L. Brown. The Mining Investor says that it the cyanide mill on the Sacramento, Utah, one-third of a pound of cyanido is used to the ton of ore The gross cost of min ing, transportation, milling and refining has been reduced to 81.04 per ton, with poßsihilites of a still further reduction. Mr. Sandberg, who is working for Dr. Abe Ashhaugh on his Lombard and Polnris mines on the divide between the head of Little Hamlin and Gleason gulches, in the Yankee Hill belt of veins, informs Tin; OasHUVKK that the lower Lombard tunnel is now in 800 feet. An other contract has been let to continue the tunnel from its present heading. The smelting ore has a commercial value of 887 per ton. Professor Arthur Lakes of Denver contributed a very ably written article Ur Mines and Minerals, a Scranton, Pa. monthly, on “California ns a mining country, and how it iuiprosssos a Colo radan in regard to goneral appliances and methods for working and treting ores.” Tho following is given by MincH and Minerals as a very simple test for tin is the magnet. Every little while some one comes in with a button which is alleged to bo pure tin, because such and such assay ors say so. But apply a magnet to it and it jumps like a fly on a lump of sugar proof that it may bo relied upon to contain more titanic iron than tin. If the button is weighed beforehand, brought into a tost tube, and dilute sul phuric acid poured upon it, the iron will dissolve and tho tin remain, which latter may bo dried and weighed and tho per contago of tin approximately calculated. * It is a mistake to assume that anyone can operate a mining prop erty. It takes years of experience and as much skill to make a successful miner as to make a good civil engineer, lawyer or physician. This fact is of prime im portance for consideration when a man is to be selected to take charge of tho development of a mining property. ' Tho receipts of gold bullion for the weekending last Friday aggregated $411,- 044.93, an increase of $8,513.30 over tho preceding week. Compared with tho cor responding week in 1898 the Republican says there was an increase of $121,174. The deposits at the Denver mint for tho first fourteen days of the present year have amounted to 8813,576.56. Lamont A Ballard have completed tho erection of a shaft building on the High Grade lode south of the Gunnell mine in East Nevadaville, for tho Denver parties who aro operating it. A small plant of machinery has been placed. As no water will bo contended with, it is sufficient K caliber to sink the shaft to the depth of 350 or 400 feet. Notice has been filed with County Clerk and Recorder J. S. Updegraff, that the control of the Gower Mines Syndi cate has been removed from Dr. John H. Gower of Denver to Francis G. White of Black Hawk. The syndicate are operating tho Running Lode group of mines in Running Lode gulch. Black Hawk. Tho Mining and Scientific Press very appropriately observes that the miner creates the greatest home market: ho is no competitor, but a consumer at cash prices. Each underground quartz miner affords employment for ten men above ground. The miuing industry patronizes all others and competes with none. Manager Charles Blcibel of tho Cal houn mine, Russell district, has com pleted another 100 feet of sinking in the main shaft of that property. Since the placement of the new plant on the Cal houn developments .have been going for ward with a greater degree of rapidity than heretofore. Under the Dome from the pen of Lincoln J. Carter will be the next at traction at tho Opera House, Wednesday, Jan. 25, 1899. The scones of tho play are laid in Washington, New York and the Samoan Islands. A hurricane at sen, a ferry boat trip from Jersey City to New York, three beautiful scenes in and near Washington, and a reproduction of the 1 beautiful coral reef harbor at Apia are 1 among tho scenic accessories. The play is said to be tho best ever penned by the popular producer of son- ’ sationnl melodramas. I A Fortunate Lady. Miss M. D. Crissman received a tele grain on last Friday announcing the death of her uncle, Jacob S. Crissman of Montana. Ho was an old settler, having gono there when a young man, and lived the averago life of three scorn years and ten. He was one of the successful men and accumulated considerable wealth. There being no other heirs, Miss Criss man will in all probability become one of tho wealthiest young ladies in Gilpin county. Her ambitions and lady-like manner of doing business are a credit to her patrons. However, this will not in any way interfere with her business, as the work she does is the work she pro fors. She says she lias always been com fortablo and had a good homo, and ex poets io continue just the same. She Hays she can stand prosperity. Her uDcle passed through hero on route from the Omaha Exposition, telegraphed her to meet him. She spent what time with him that he stayed in Denver. Leaving him at the Union depot, ho as sured her that he would moke her com fortablo. A Splendid Performance. Lincoln J. Carter’s “Heart of Chicago’’ was presented at tho Opera House lust evening to a very appreciative audience. It is a splendid show, tho specialties good, while tho scenic effects alone weie worth double tho price of admission. Tho Chicago fire showed up to good ad vantage, but the railroad sceno in the fourth act was the finest effect over pro duced in Central. “Under tho Dome” which wns also written by Mr. Carter, and is said to be his best play, will be the attraction next Wednesday. Maps for Ready Referonce. Tho Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Kaily way Co. has just issued in conven ient form for household, library and school reference, an atlas of seven col ored maps of the world, tho United States and our new possessions in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, together with an amount of valushle information connect od therewith -all up to date. This atlas will be sent free to any address on re ceipt of six (fl) cento in postage. Apply to George H. Hsafford, General Passenger Agent, Old Colony Building, Chicago,or to J. E. Preston, Commercial Agent, Denver, Colo. 12 2t NO. 41. PERSONALS. F. G. Wolff of Saratoga, Wyoming, j brother of Mr. Henry Wolff of the Teller house, dropped into Central to call on the latter. Ho was on his way to Gal veston, Texas. Mr. Wolff is an old and prominent resident of Wyoming. He 1 was accompanied by his son-in-law, Mr. Munce, of Denver. Hon. S. V. Newell and wife came up from Denver, Friday, returning Satur day. He reports his brother, who has been quite ill from kidney trouble, as out of danger, and in a fairway for re covery. K. Sykes, one of tho principal stock holders in tho Kansas-Burroughs Con solidated mining company, came up from Denver on Monday evening. Hon. Willard Teller of Denver arrived Monday evening and was attending district court the following day. K. St. J. Cleary of Denver, a former mining man of this county, was attend ing district court tho first of tho week, arriving here from Denver Monday morning. Miss Emma J. Harris came un from Denver Monday, to attend to business matters here, as well as to note the pro gress of the two damage suits before the district court, in which she is plaintiff. Richard Lichtenheld, of this city, has purchased the tonsorial room 1131 Seven teenth street, Denver, opposite tho Markham hotel. His brother, William, will assist Charley Schaffner in looking after the -<hop in this city. Well Dick, hero’s wibi. g you the best of success. J. L. Rachof y, of Boulder, and the leading merchant of that valley town, paid a visit to his brother Abe, manager of tho New York Store Mercantile com pany, Friday and Saturday, returning home on Monday. Judge Henry A. Hicks and Will McLeod rode to Idaho Springs on tho stage last Monday. Robert L. Martin, Sr., returned from a business trip to Denver Saturday even ing. “Uncle” Henry Rogers and wife, of Boulder, who came up from that place to attend tho obsequies of their niece, Lida M. Dennis, which occurred Thurs day, returned Monday. James A. Gilmour returned from Kan sas City, whither "he was called by the death of his aged mother. The funeral occurred January 12, from the cathedral in that city. Of eleven children, ten children were present at the obsequies, one of whom, a sister of Mr. Gilmore, came from Alabama, whom he had not met for 23 years. William was the only child absent. He is now in Alaska, superintendent of a Chicago mining com* pnny operating in that country. Cal. McKay has returned from Golden where ho attended the nuptials of his friend, Fred Feltch, and Miss Florence May, whose parents reside near thi.t place. Fred and bride will take up a residence above El lora in Boulcer c junty. Lincoln J. Carter well known ns tho author of a long list of big money mak ing sensational melodramas, is the au thor of “Under the Dome”, which comes to tho Opera House next Wednesday, Jan. 25. In Under the Dome he has un doubtedly excelled his previous efforts both as to excellence of plot and dialogue and as to scenic effects. It is being given a very elaborate sconic production. The action of the piece occurs in Now York, Washington tfnd tho Samoan Is lands. The hurricane sceno and tho ferry boat trip from Jersey City to New York are said to bo marvellously like tho real thing. MRS. ELIZABETH CASTLE. All Uarly of lllurk Hank Pastes Awny, Ah the clock in tier liny frame oottnge struck the hour of 5 Saturday morning, Mrs. Elizabeth Castle was summoned to the bilent majority. The Rocky Moun tain Nows of Monday says that, although not a member of the Colorado Pioneer society, Mrs. Castle was one or the stale's old timers, having come Io Colorado from her native state, Kentucky, in 1801. Her husband, Edmund Castle, operated in Black Hawk, Montgomery and Alina for several yours. At one time he con ducted a general merchandise establish ment at Black Hawk. Twenty-five years ago he died in the south, and since then bis widow led a wiTo of seclusion. Her husband left her some property on Eleventh street, and the rents from this enabled tho old lady to live. Nine days ago Mrs. Castle was taken w ith a severe cold. This developed into pneumonia, which, together with rheumatism and heart trouble, ci<used her demise. During her entire sickness she wus watched and nursed by William Quick and his wife, Mary, who rendered every assistance to the poor soul. Deceased leaves a sister, Mrs. Mary Strador, in Hindshorough, Illinois, two nephews, Frank and William Gilbert, and three nieces, all in Jackson, Cali fornia. Mrs. Castle counted her friends by tho hundreds. Among those who have known her for years are Super visor G. W. Drake, Former Mayor Bates and Judge E. T. Wells. The funera! took place from St. James’ M. E. church at 10 o’clock Monday morning, in charge of the Pioneer society. Mrs. Castle died in her 50th year.