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LANDMARK IS FALLING
The World-Famous “Bridge of Sighs” is in Danger of Collapse. The most fascinating structure in the world, “The Bridge of Sighs” of Venice, is in danger of collapse. Unless the slow-moving Italian gov ernment officials take some quick steps to save it, the stone arch which poets and novelists have immortalized for centuries may fall and disappear in the dark waters of the canal which it spans. The walls of the Palace of the Doges, on which one end of it rests, are crumbling. So are those of its other foundation, the walls of the adjoin ing prison. The Bridge of Sighs spans the Rio della Paglia and connects the ducal palace with the career! or prisons. The bridge dates from 1597. It is a graceful arch, 32 feet above the water, enclosed at the sides and arched over head. It contains two separate pas sages, through which persons were led for trial or judgment. It is in the rear of the palace and hangs over the dark waters of the narrow canal. The poetic sentiment attached to the bridge, which gave it the famous name it still bears, arose from the belief that many a political prisoner, inno cent of wrong-doing, was led over this span and down into the dungeons be low, whence there was no escape. So damp and foul are these cells that they are called “wells.” Travelers in search of the hideous always visit them. Their gloom and horror have been painted in words in Dickens’ “Pictures from Italy.” Standing on the Bridge of Sighs, Byron wrote his splendid poem on the rise and fall of Venice. That the stability of the foundations of any great building in Venice should cause anxiety is by no means remark able. It is known, of course, that the mediaeval architects of Northern Italy were men of extraordinary ability; but their skill exhibited itself more in the artintic than in the engineering side of iheir profession. In the latter branch they may al most be looked upon as experimental ists, and in view of the nature of the soil of Venice the wonder is that their structures have lasted five or six hun dred years, especially when it is re membered that they did not scruple to add great weight in the way of su perstructures to buildings which had been erected for centuries without strengthening the foundations. This is probably the origin of the mischief at the Ducal Palace, where the beautiful thirteenth and fourteenth century arcades have been crowned in later times by a heavy, solid upper story, which de tracts from both the artistic beauty and the stability of the edifice. The Venetian ar chlticts take the most optimist i c views, and there is always a local be lief that what has goue on for a long time will go on a little longer. But the Superior Coun cil of the Fine Arts in Rome lias repud iated further re sponsibility of the building, and the alarmed govern ment has tele graphed to Signor Bolto at Milan to proceed at once to Venice and re port. HARD-WORKED LIVERS. An Organ That Perform* Many Func tion*. The liver is the jack-uf-all-trades of the body. Most organs are satisfied with doing their own particular busi ness, ‘one man one Job,” but there would seem to bo quite four or five dis tinct functions for this important or gan. In the first place, each one of its millions of minute cells acts as a filter, guarding the portals of the blood from intrusion. Our food may have under gone the ordeal of digestion, but be fore it is allowed to circulate and nourish the body it must be carried to the liver, which examines and prompt ly eliminates any particle likely to be Injurious to the health. Then again, as a tonic manufacturer the liver is without a rival. It prepares a special medicine, and every now and ngain sends a dose to the stomach to induce it to work properly. Whenever the liver has a little time to spare from its other duties it manufactures a stock of this medicine (the bile) and saves It up in the gall-bladder until required. Moreover, the liver selects nil the In soluble fats of our food, and by divid ing them into very tiny globules and maxing a soap of them with an alkali, so liquefies them that they can be ab sorbed in the ordinary way. The super fatted livers of the Strasburg geese (used In making the famous pate de foie gras) have been so overworked that they have entirely lost this soap making power. One of the most curi ous things done by the liver Is to deni with any starchy substances that are Insoluble, and gradually transforming them into a strange material that is found nowhere else in nature—namely, Another notable construction of Italy that is reported endangered by impending plans of improvement was the Ponte Vecchio in Florence. Ponte Vecchlo is the most picturesque of Florentine bridges and was built by Taddeo Gaddi in the fourteenth cen tury. Here the goldsmiths and their shops. Here Cosimo I. saw and loved BRIDGE OF SIGHS, VENICE. the unfortunate Camilla Martelli, a jeweler’s daughter. In the middle of the bridge an.open loggia gives views up and down the river, “as in a frame,” says Dickens. Should both of these famous landmarks be destroyed the loss could never be repaired. IS'PARIS IMPREGNABLE? Ni>w Fortifications Constructed Sluce 1870. The French have been taught wis dom by past experience, and as a re sult have planned, and a few years ago finished, a system of fortifications round Paris which are probably un equaled for the purposes for which they are intended by any similar forti fications in the world. A well-in formed military writer, a member of the general staff of the German army, has given it as his opinion that a suc- PONTE VECCHIO, FLORENCE. animal sugar. This sugar (glycogen) cannot bo imitated by the most clever chemist, and it is carefully saved in the body so as to compensate for any deficiency in the supply of the ordinary kind. Whether we consider the liver as a filter or a soap-boiler, or art apoth ecary or a sugar-maker, we find it doing each kind of work us though that one were its sole care. BLASTING WITH STEAM. To lie Uencntad In • Cartridge by Electricity. H. Schaw, an English engineer, sug gests high pressure steam instead of inflammable explosives to blow out coal or ore in mines. Briefly the sug gestion is that a cartridge of pure wat er lodged in a shot-hole should be converted into steam at a pressure of nbout 150 pounds per square inch by means of electricity of low tension,the cartridge or boiler to be made of such strength that it would burst at übout this pressure, when the force set at liberty would break down the coal. Mr. Schaw mude an experiment to as certain whether it would be possible to boil water by the heat produced by a current of electricity pusslng through a platinum wire similar to that used for firing mines immersed In water, and found that It was successful. Mr. Schaw is of opinion thnt at the mo ment when the holler bursts the wlro will fuse and the electric circuit will be broken, and no risk of Ignition of fire-dnmp or coal dust will remain from the heated wire. But the main question is. Would this force he suffi cient? It Is, of course, very much In cessful siege of Paris would be, under present conditions, an Impossible un dertaking. The new fortifications that surround the French capital, says Pearson’s, are some fifteen or twenty miles from the city, and are connected with Paris and with each other by a railway- system which would enable the French commander to quickly mass at one point a very large body of men, while the general of the besieg ing army, if he wished to prevent the city from obtaining supplies and thus shut in the people and the army that was defending it, would have to oc cupy a line extending more than 100 miles, and hence could not by any pos- sibility collect a large number of his force at any one point to resist with even a shadow of hope an attack of the enemy. It re quired a German army of, approxi mately, 500,000 men to lay siege to Paris from Septem ber 19, 1870, to January 30, 1871; but the authority we refer to is of the opinion that to re peat the same op eration a German besieging army would have to number more than 2,000,000 men, and the work of main taining such a force and properly hand ling its parts would be something which few governments would care to un dertake and few military command ers would be able to efficiently perform. The French have spent upon these new fortifications an amount variously estimated at from $30,000,000 to $50,000,000, and hence can well afford to sell the land occu pied by some of the now obsolete forti fications of a generation ago. To Strengthen the Hair. Take an egg, well beaten, and rub in scalp well, wash out with warm wa ter, use no soap, except tar soap once in a while. This keeps the head free from dandruff, while the eggs stimu late the roots of the hair and make it grow. It is not necessary to use the soap when using the eggs. If we are judged by our company that may be why some men dislike being alone. Don’t look upon the wine list that can’t be read. ferior to the expansive force of gun powder, or other explosive. Mr. Schaw continues: “Under the supposition, however, thnt the force so developed would be sufficient to breuk down the undercut coal in u mine, the writer thinks that the practical working of the proposed method would present no great difficulties, and that it would be perfectly safe in any coal mine; and this Is its only recommendation, for it certainly would be more expensive and troublecome than the usual methods of blasting. As an approximation, the writer would observe that a water car tridge Inches In diameter and 3Va Inches in length, to be used in a two inch blast hole, would hold about 8.4 cubic Inches of water. It would be converted Into high pressure steum and burst the cartridge in about IV4 minutes’ with the electric power the writer and would thus exert a sudden force of about one and one third tons. Consumption of Quinine. The people of the United States con sumo one-third of the total quinino output of the world. The average con sumption per head is 20 grains an nually. The cinchona tree, which fur nishes quinine, Peruvian bark, and calisaya bark, is a native of the west ern South American coast countries, moro particularly Peru; yet but a com paratively small portion of the world’u product now comes from thnt region. Cinchona trees have been transplant ed in Java and British India, and the bulk of the quinine used now comes from these countries. Don’t send for a physician if you ars ’ove-slck. THE WHITE MAN'S BURDEN. The following poem by Rudyard Kip ling appeared in McClure’s Magazine for February. It has attracted a great deal of attention and several parodies upon It have appeared In various pub lications: Take up the White Man’s burdcn- Send forth the beat ye breed— Go. bind your sons to exile To serve your captives’ need; To wait, in heavy harness. On fluttered folk and wild— Your new-onught sullen peoples. Half devil and half child. Take up the White Man's burden— In patience to abide. To veil the threat of terror And check the show of pride; By open speech and simple. An hundred times made plain. To seek another’s prollt And work another’s gain. Take up the White Man's burden— The savage wars of peace— I*'III full the mouth of Famine, And bid the sickness cease; And when your goal is nearest (The end for others sought) Watch sloth and heathen folly Bring all your hope to nought. Take up the White Man's burden- No Iron rule of kings. But toll of serf and sweeper— The tale of common things. The ports ye shall not enter, The roads ye shall not tread. Go. make them with your living And mark them with your dead. Take up the White Man’s bvirden. And reap Ills old reward— The blame of those ye better. The hute of those ye guard— The cry of hosts ye humor (Ah. slowly!) toward the light:— ’’Why brought ye us from oondage Our loved Egyptian night?” Take up the White Man’s burden- Ye dare not stoop to less— Xor call too loud on Freedom To cloke your weariness. By all ye will or whisper, By all ye leave or do. The silent sullen peoples Shall weigh your God and you. Take up the White Man's burden! Have done with childish days— rhe lightly-proffered laurel. The easy ungrudged praise: Comes now. to search your manhood Through all the thankless years, Cold, edged with dear-bought wisdom. The judgment of your peers. Our Tolley of Territorial Expansion. Annexationists are advocating the additon of Canada to this country, and think it can be accomplished in a peaceful manner without exciting a quarrel with England. Such questions call for the wisest statesmanship, just as dyspepsia, constipation, liver and kidney diseases call for a reliable rem edy like Ilostetter’s Stomach Bitters. “Whnt did little Jim do with the quarter he got for having his tooth pulled?’ "He spent It all on comic valentines to send the dentist.” "When my typewriter girl went away, whnt do you think?” "Well—what?” ‘‘She left a note for the new girl telling her 1 was mighty shaky on the use of ‘shall’ and ‘will.’ ” "Where Is that girl who was out lectur ing on ’There Is No Death?’ ” “An under taker proposed to her und she married him." Health for Ten Cents. Cascarets make bowels and kidneys act naturally, destroy microbes, cure headache, billiousuess and constipation. All druggists. "Our new boarder came here just for a temporary home." "Well?” "Now he wants to marry my daughter.” $3,000 for a New Corn. That’s what this new corn cost. Yields 813 bushels per acre. Big Four Oats 250 bushels—Salzer's Rape to pasture sheep and cattle at 25c per acre yields 60 tons; potatoes 11.20 per bbl. Bromus lnermls, tho greatest grass on earth; Beardless Barley CO bushels per acre; 10 kinds grasses and clovers, etc. Send this notice to JOHN A. SALZER SEED CO., LA CROSSE. WIS„ with 10c stamps and receive free great Catalogue; >3.000 Corn and 10 Farm Seed Sam ples. [w.n.] "Are you In favor of early marriages?" "Well, people who expect to marry often would better begin early." Plso’s Cure for Consumption has saved me large doctor bills. —C. L. Baker, 4228 Regent Sq., Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 8, ’95. "Jimmy, you don't seem to mind the cold weather.” "No; ma can't wash me when tho pipes Is froze." TO CURB A COLD IN ONE DAY Take Laxative Ilromo Quinine Tablets. All druggists rofund tho money If it falls to cure. 25c. The genuine has L. U Q. on each tablet. "Don’t you hate to have n man tell you tho same story twice?” "Yes; especially If it Is one that 1 told him." Mrs. Winslow’* Soothing Myrnp For dilldren tect lilmr,not tons tho gunia.reduces inflam mation, all.iy* pain, cures wind colic. 86 cents a bottla "You told me your son had business ability.’’ "Well, hasn't he?” ’’All he knows Is when the clock strikes 6." THE EXCELLENCE OF SYBUP OF FIGS is due not only to the originality and simplicity of the combination, but also to the cure and skill with which it is manufactured by scientific processes known to the Cai.ifohnia Fio Syrup Co. only, and we wish to impress upon all the importance of purchasing the true and original remedy. As the genuine Syrup of Figs is manufactured by the California Fio Syrup Co. only, u knowledge of that fact will assist one in uvoiding the worthless imitations manufactured by other par ties. Tho high standing of the Cali fornia Fia Syrup Co. with the medi cal profession, und the satisfaction which tho genuine Syrup of Figs lias given to millions of families, makes tho name of the Company a guuranty of the excellence of its remedy. It is fur in advance of ull other laxatives, us it acts ou the kidneys, liver and bowels without irritating or weaken ing them, and it does not gripe nor nuusentc. In order to get its beneficial effects, please remember tho name of the Compary CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO. •AN Pft AN CISCO, Cut. Louisville, k t - new vouk. n.t. <>/. N. U. DENVER. NO. 8.- 1899. Fbca Answcrinq Advertisements Kindly Mention This Paper. HEALTHY MATERNITY. Two Grateftal Women Tell of the Help They Have Beoetved From Mrs. Pinkham. The climax of life force in woman is capable motherhood. The first requisite for a good mother ia good health. I Health of body means health of the generative organa. great believer in your Compound. I was almost despairing of ever again being well, as I was a great s? „ir*crer, and had been for years. I suffered from womb trouble, and hud terrible blind fits. After writing to you I tried your Com pound. The result was astonishing. I have used it and advocated it ever since. In childbirth it is a perfect boon. I have often said that I should like to have its merits thrown on the sky with a search-light, so that all women would read, and be convinced that there is a remedy for their sufferings.” A Million Women have been Benefited by Mrs. PlnKham’s Ad vice and Medicine Tenetment-House Libraries. “Home libraries” of from ten to fifteen volumes each are now sent out to New York tenements. One of the children of the family acts as librarian, and once a week the children of the neighborhood who have taken the books brim? them in and exchange them. On this day a visitor is present to tell the children about books and to try to interest them In better read ing. Only six of these libraries have been sent out as yet, the great difficulty being to find suitable volunteers for the work of visiting. The children were allowed to name the six libraries, and they promptly failed them after Dewey. Hobson. Samp son. Washington. Lincoln and Longfellow. —Harper's Bazar. A Nine-Foot Skeleton. During the Investigation of the mounds in Pokagon township. Cass county. Mich igan, the bones of perhaps 100 persons were found in the center of one mound, and under these, and separated from his companions, were the bones of a man who in life must have been fully nine feet tall, occupying a sitting position with his feet under him. A number of copper bodkins or pins, from two to three Inches in length, were found, and also pins made from the bones of a wolf. There were numerous hatchets, two edged and sharp, without sockets for han dles. one of which was wrapped in a linen cloth resembling in texture those of to day. "Jumklns never laughs unless there's money In It." "I’ve seen him laugh at the theater." "Of course he has to laugh there to get his money back.” "Your wife is tall and imposing, isn’t she?” "No; she is short and imposing.” FROM SUDDEN WEATHER CHANGES Com Jd°c£;‘Jr M Soreness and Stiffness mn9el „ , £, a ST. JACOBS OIL *’A HANDFUL OF DIRT MAY BE A HOUSE fUL OF SHAME.” CLEAN HOUSE WITH SAPOLIO APfirr n OTlinr or the above IV AH IfEROEfI Will be n LULL U I ' I 11 ftc p* *° any one who will promptly Write us fhe Niimra and Address 1 lilLt | 111 OllL «f Cripiilfd Person* In their neighborhood. These pictures aro • I W ■ WII" FINK KNiillA VINOS and an ornament to any home, we cure aud correct Crooked Feet «sn«* Limbs, Nptnul anti ,lolnt IHseuses, NVry Neck. Paralysis. Ithcuma nients. Address “" THE L. C. MctAIH MEDICAL AND SUB6ICAL INSTITUTE, St. Louis,Mo. I>— 1 *Ol/ everybody you know to f no l\ save their tin tags for you | The Tin Tags taken from Horseshoe, “J. T.,” V Cross Bow, Good Luck—and Drummond S Natural Leaf—will pay for any one or all of S this list of desirable and useful things—and S you have your good chewing tobacco besides. Z Every man, woman and child in America can find something Z on this list that they would like to have and can have—FREE 1 S Write your name and address plainly and send every tag you can get to us—mentioning the number of the present you want. Any assortment of the different kinds of tags mentioned above will be accepted as follows: TAGS TAGS 1 Match Box, quaint design, irn- 10 Alarm Clock, nickel, warranted . 200 ported from Japan 20 20 Carvers, huckhorn handle, good 2 Knife, one blade, good steel 20 steel 200 3 Sensors. 4*6-inch, good steel .... 20 21 Six Roger*’ Teaspoon*, best qual. 220 4 Chil i'a Set, Knife, Fork and Spoon 20 22 Knives and Forks, six each, buck -0 Salt and Pepper, one each, quad- horn handles.. . 200 ruple plate on white metal.... 00 23 Clock, 8-day, Calendar, 1 heimom. 6 Razor, hollow ground, fine Fjiglish eter, Hate meter 000 steel 00 24 Stove, Wilson Heater, size No. 30 7 Butter Knife, triple plate, best qual. 00 or No. 40 ... . 000 8 Sugar Shell, triple plate, hestquality 60 20 Tool Set, not playthings, but real 9 Stamp Box, sterling silver 70 tools 'O6O 10 Knife, " Keen Kutter," two blades 70 20 Toilet Set, decorated porcelain, 11 Butcher Knife. "Keen Kutter," very handsome 800 R-inch blade 70 27 Watch, solid silver, full jeweled . 1000 12 Shears, '• Keen Kutter,” 8-inch, 28 Sewing Machine, hist class, with 3^ nickel 70 all attachments 1000 13 Nut Set, Cracker andfl Picks, silver 80 29 Revolver, Colt's, hestquality ... .lf.oo 14 Nail File, sterling silver, amethyst 30 Rifle, Winchester, 10-shot, 22-cal Ifoo set, 0-inch 100 31 Shot Gun, double baircl, hammer -10 Tooth Brush, sterling silver, ame- less, stub twist 2000 thyst set, 0-inch . 100 32 Guitar (Washburn), rosewood, in- 16 Paper Cutter, sterling silver, aine- laid with mother-of-pearl . . 2000 thyst set, 7-inch 100 J) Bicycle, standard make, Indies'or 17 B »se Ball. "Association,” liestqual. 100 cents' 2000 18 Watch, stem wind and set, guaran- BOOKS —3O choice selections same t red good lime keeper 200 as last year's list, 40 tags each. This offer uplrtt ffovsmbsr 30,1899. • Address all your Togs and the correspondence about them to DRUMMOND BRANCH, Bt. Louis, Mo. 9 Read what Mrs. G. ▲. NohsAMAKXB, Bluff ton, Ohio, says about Lydia E. Pink* ham’s Vegetable Compound, and how well it prepared her for maternity: “ Dear Mrs. Pinkham: —I must say a word in praise of your Vegetable Compound. I used three bottles of it when I was preg nant, and labor was not nearly as long as it was with my other babies; and 111 my baby is so healthy to what the »I; others were. I think every woman ~2 - should use your Compound when preg -- - nant, it will save them so much suffer -111 ing and misery. I cannot say enough ■‘; in praise of it. If ever I need medicine -- - again, I shall use your Compound.” s 11 The most successful tonic known to l medicine for women approaching ma ' A ternity is Lydia E. Pinkliam’s Vege ' \ table Compound. It is a safeguard \ 1 for every woman who uses it, and the fullest benefit comes from its \ use with Mrs. Pinkham's advice \ freely offered to all woman. Her . \ address is Lynn, Mass. J* Here is a convincing statement, 1 bearing directly on this subject, from Mrs. E. Bishop, of 1848 Pacific St., Brooklyn, N. Y.: “Dear Mrs. Pinkham: —l am a Special $l.lO JLI A SPECIAL OFFER! 3 S FLANNELETTE nwfg 5^ WRAPPER, 'GlSfifca Made from heavy grade Flan- gaP”|Kty | 3 nelette; Watteau Strap back. g three inch eppaulet around YflS&Vtt '■+ 3 sleeves and shoulder; finely tucked. Wrapper —> is made very full around fly, hips and has extra wide JlmMmjSaß&aiU \J V sweep; fine assortment rjk I 4 of colors. Sizes 'A‘4 to fiTf \ * 44. Send us 51.35 for Wrapper aud Postage. Send to us for any thing in DRY GOODS. THE JOSLIN DRY GOODS CO., Denver, - Colo. WANTED—Cmo of l>aa Health that R I P A X S will not benefit. Send 5 rents to Itlpnns Chemical Co.. New York.for 10 samples and 1.000 testimonials. nDODQV new discovery: *<*- W\. I ■ quirk relief and cures worst ruses. Boole of testimonials and 10 daya’treat ment Free. Ur. 11. 11. (.BKKk'BBOXB, Box B, AtlssCs, «s. . IE write U^N AT ILAN PENSION \ IT BICKFORD, Washington. D. C.. they O " " will receive quick replies. 11. 6th N. K. VoL. Btefl 30th Corr i. Prosecuting Claim* sir* 1 11878.