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W. J. STULL, Editor and Prop. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION I One Year in Advance ,_52.00 Blx Mouaia in Advance SI.OO OFFICIAL PAPER GILPIN COUNTY ADVERTISING RATES FURNISHED ON APPLICATION. Phone, Central 106 IHBKR COLTOQ EDITORIAL I On sale at Hyndrnan’s and Poet Off ice Book Store. Central City; Post Off ice. Book Store, Black Hawk; Kend rick’s Book Store, 16th and Stout Sts., Denver. Single Copies Five Cents. THURSDAY MARCH 18th f 1915 TWO YEARS OF WILSON On the fiftieth anniversary of Lin coln's second inaugural. Woodrow Wil Bon completes half his presidential term. These two years of the Wilson ad ministration have helped to make | more history than any other two years since Lincoln. The coining two years . of the Wilson administration must i inevitably be the most momentous ; period that this country has known j Since the civil war. It is a fact of enormous importance I that this crisis finds in the White House a president who is completely I master of himself. Being master of lilmself, he is masL r of his party and . of his administration. There is no kitchen cabinet. There are no back-stairs advisers. There are no secret influences that pull and sway the policies of the executive. No underground wires run from the White House into Wall Street or in- j to the headquarters of any political Committee. Men may agree with Mr. j Wilson or disagree with him: they may like him or they may dislike j him; but everybody knows that he! and he alone is president. Every-' body knows that during the remain- 1 lug two years of his term he and he alone will be president. A very unusual man. meet to cofpe with a very unusual situation in the affairs of mankind —a president who In. all his official relations displays neither vanity nor resentment, nor anger nor personal ambition. If he -has friends, their friendship counts for nothing in the affairs of state. If he lias enemies, their enmity weighs toothing in the balance of govern ment. He seeks neither to reward the one nor to punish the other. ■So evenly does he hold the scales that the members of the diplomatic corps, with all tl.eir highly developed facilities for obtaining information, have never been able to learn where the president's personal sympathies lie in the great conflict that is now devastating Europe. Whatever his in dividual opinions nay be. he has smothered them in the responsibili ties of his office. At this period in their first term most presidents have been carefully calculating their chances of renomina tion and re-election. Nobody knows ■whether Mr. Wilson intends to be a candidate fc.r re-election or not. Not a member of the cabinet, net a mem ber of congress, can say of his own knowledge that the president desires a re-election or he would not refuse a renomination. What all of them know is that the president would not stoop from principle to win either a rencmination or a re-election That is where h’s great strength lies. That is where his great useful ness lies in this crisis. It is easy to rattle the saber>lt Is easy to make the welklrg ring. It is easy to be spectacular and sensational and thea trical. Lt Is easy to be a demagogue. It Is easy to juggle with the fate of a nation when no man can foresee rwhat the next day will bring forth. ©<ut it is not easy to be calm and re strained and judicial. It is not easy to face every responsibility without prejudice and without passion. It is not easy to hew straight to the line of first principles, regardless of ap plause? or censure or praise or denun ciation. It is not easy to be sane •when the world has given itself over to madness. The enormous good fortune of Khe people of the Unl*ed States in the Ktopm and stress of these coming years is that their chief magistrate is saJie-—the sanest mind today that is intrusted with the responsibilities of government anywhere in civil! a tion.—New York World. The New Hampshire legislature last Thursday d featrd the state pro hibition measure by a vote of 226 to 144. That state enacted a prohlbit ; on Jaw in 18*T6 that was repealed in 190:;. and the new prohibition law suf f red a like defeut laist Thursday. Merchandise experts from the t o t I cf New York for the week ending Saturday March 13, 1915 was $19,951.-1 023 In excess of t‘e corresponding Week of 1914. Place your orders for meat v.Jthj the Observer. t TREASON IN THE CITADEL OF PROTECTION During that period (cf tl e freewool Underwood-Simmons tariff) the grow ers of wool in the United States have received higher prices than wh n there was a duty of 11 or 12 cents per pound, and the manufacturers have been put on a basis of equality with their European competitors as far as raw material has been con cerned. —Annual report of President Wood of the American Woolen Com pany. Here is‘ treason within the very j “citadel of protection.” The facts, of course, are that the wool growers have been ruined by the Democratic , free-wool tariff, as they said they I would be, and that the wool manufac turers are selling their mills for old junk under an avalanche of pauper imports, as it was said they would be doing. # This defection cf a whole army corps in the standpat camp calls for the most rigorous measures for sup pression. A treason which breaks out at the very moment when the camp I is rallying to recover the lost trencli ■es in 1912 should bring the firing ! squad into immediate action.—Ex change. FAITH IN WILSON Congress has shown the confidence ! the country lias in the wisdom of ! those who are at the head.of our na tional affairs, when they adjourned and left the ad>usting of all interna tional questions to President Wilson (and hie cabinet. With half the world at war, and this country acting as a j neutral powefr, many delicate ques tions will arise that will require calm and deliberate judgement, to sail our ship of state safely through the tur bulent and troubled waiters. Congress land the 100.000.000 people of the I most enlightened land on earth, have I signified a willingness to ‘leave all j delicate matters that may arise, to ■ the cne upon whose integrity and cap | abilities we can rely. Not since the ( days when ‘‘the father of our coun , try" received the surrender of Corn j wallis at Yorktown have we been !so united, to trust great questions to the ability of one master mind up | on whom we can rely with the same ; feeling of safety that a God-fearing mother has fey the rearing of her | daughter. I When congress adjourned the Mex ican embroglio has assumed its sec ondary 6tage, and notwithstanding I that war seemed imminent, this band of national statesman who had often . weighed the president in the balance 'and 'never found wanting, were all calmly resigned to trust the des tinies of the country into his hands, and deai with that most unfortunate nation on terms that would reflect credit upon both nations. Wilson has . been assigned to single handed and alone, lead the nation safely through all the intricate diplomatic avenues that may arise, and w’ith clean hands will w'e emerge as the greatest peace nation of the earth. | Many of our exchanges are con demning Governor Carlson and our legislature, among the most distin guished is the paper “With a Heart and a Soul” that was the fore most in the election of our present legislature. It is a notorious fact that when the Post savings the pend ulum of public opinion to their liking, reaction takes place and sanity again becomes paramount with thg voter and the system becomes changed. The Posit battled for a Republican triumph and won, and if the triumph ant party now wish to bury them, we do not feel like being one of the chief mourners at the funeral, and i will therefore refrain from criticism. ! The large bodies of rich gold ores being opened up is net confined to Gilpin county alone. Breckenrddge. Cripple Creek and other parts of the ] state are discovering richer bodies of ore than has been uncovered in years, and when the year 1916 draws to a close, it w ill be found that Col orado leads all other states in tie production of this metal. Rcutmania has a population cf over , 7,000.000, it can put 600,000 soldiers |ln the field, and Its number of square miles is about one half of that of Colorado, i The 20th Colorado state assembly, like the several nations at war In Europe, is making history, the one as disgraceful as the other. NOTICE. Henceforth, during the winter sea sou. moving pictures will be shown t the opera house Saturday and Sun day nights only. Admission, adults 10 cents, children 5 cents. Doora open at 7:30. FOR SALE Twenty-two fi, p. gasoline hoist. 600 ft. % In. cable, bucket and sheave wheel. All practically new. Apply 4. t tl * Observer office. Read the Observer. $2.00 per year. METHODIST CHURCH NOTES Class meeting at 10 o'clock a. m. Preaching at 11 o’olock a. m.; Sun day school at 2:45 o’clock p. nfT; Ep worth League at 6:15 o’clock p. in.: Regular evening worship at 7 o’clock p. m. The regular mid week Prayer ser vice Wednesday evenings at 7:30. The monthly Official Board meet ing will be lit Id Friday evening of this week at 7:30. Business of im portance, all members urged to be present. The services of last Sunday were a feast of Heavenly Manna. These w'ho partook were filled, not only with the bread of Heaven, but Tyith delight while listening to such mast erly sermons. Lovers of real fine preaching and some critics on real preaching, have | been captivated by Prof. Kessler, i Don’t fail to hear him next Sunday. Don’t miss the lest of the series of liis evening subjects. Those who attended the prayer meeting this week, were well repaid. Prof. Wolff, of our High school. ga\ e a very inspiring as well as practi cal talk, his subject. “Launch Deep.” The Lad-es’ Aid Society will meet with Mrs. Fred He: d next Thursday March 25th, 2:30 p. m. In the morning ti e Lenten series on sin will be continued: subject, j “God the Destroyer.” In the even ing will be given the fourth and la.- 1 * of the series on “The Spirit of Christ in Pre-sept Day Europe.” The sub ject will be, “Where Is Christ To j Day?” The illustration w ill be tak !rn from a story of Tolstoy. READ THIS!! The Hawley Mdse. Co., ran supply your wants from a complete stock of fancy and staple groceries. The freshest of vege'ablcs and fruits in the market. Hay and grain in any quantity. RIGHT PASTURE FOR SWINE Very Rank Growth of Crop Will Supply Feed for Twenty-Five Head to Acre, Says ftlumfcrd. (By DEAN MUM FORD. Missouri Ex periment Station.) A good growth of rape will supply pasture for ten to twenty hogs to the acre. A very rank growth may supply feed for 2” head. Where the feeding is to extend from ten to fourteen weeks it is advisable to pasture rape at the rate of ten to twelve head to the acre. The favorable time for seeding rape is in the spring, as soon danger of hard freezing is past, lt will furnish pasture from the middle of May until the third week in August. Rape will withstand light frosts, but not hard freezing. The best results are obtained w hen oats and clover are sown with it. St w from five to seven pounds of rape ahead cf the drill and then drill in one lialf bushel of oats and six to ten pounds of clover seed to the acre. The rape and oats will serve as a cover crop for the clover and usually a good stand of clover will be obtained that may be pastured with hogs the fol lowing year. 4 If rape is not grazed too closely in June and July, so that the stalk of the plant is eaten off, it may grow up and make fall pasture. It should never be pastured so closely as to destroy all leaves on the stalk, and stock should not be turned on until the plants are from fourteen to eighteen inches high Complaint is sometimes made by feeders that scabs and cores form on the ear 3 and backs of the hogs on rape. The remedy is to move the hogs to another pasture for a short time and then dip them or apply sulphur and lard to the sores. OVERFEEDING IS A MISTAKE Beginner* Especially Are Liable to Make This Error With Pullets— Wheat Is Good Feed. Those who are having their first ex perience with a flock of pullets of considerable size should remember that the birds, having been brought up on the range during the summer, are more impatient of restraint than the older birds. Hence, It is essential that they be handled so they will ob tain the maximum amount of exercise in the winter quarters. Probably this is better done by some intelligent care in feeding than in any other way Let the pullet have one good meal dur ing the day, arranging this at any period which seems best alter experi menting: for the rest of the day keep her busy by frequently scattering smalt quantities of grain among the chair on the floor or in the yard If the weather Is sufficiently open. Manage It so that each pullet will be fairly well fed during the day: there is little danger of overfeeding by this plan, so that care must be taken that they have enougji. Fur nishing exercise in this manner gives the best possible results lor the pullets will take It in the search for food when they could not be Induced to do half the moving around if their uppe tlte.s were already satisfied. He care ful to use small grains In this man ner of feeding, wheat being probably the best for tile purpose. Leave your orders for meats at the Observer office and save a lot of aioney - 1 TBS «Lrar OBtRVU HARRY’S INTERVIEW By ADELA GRACE CROWN. (Copyright, 1914. by W. G. Chapman.) It is not orten that a young fellow, after serving an apprenticesnip of two years on a newspaper, is in a position to marry. So Harry Rogers accounted himself a particularly lorlunate young man. Laura, to whom he had said good-by in the little home town start ed for the metropolis to make his for tune, had remained true to him. lie had been home three times on vaca tion. and each time their love had seemed more real to both. Laura was to become his wife with in a month! She. was to go to New York to stay with her aunt, whom Harry had never met, and they were to be married there. In a week he would see Laura again. Symonds, the city editoY, called Harry over to his desk. “We’re going to publish a series of. funny interviews, and I want you to handle the first," he said. “It’s with the world-renowned authoress. Eliza beth Crow Cavendish. She wrote A Girl’s Safety,’ The Happy Marriage,’ etc. Shopgirls’ slu§h, you know, and takes herself very seriously as an up lifting power among those who read her twaddle. Think you can do a mock serious interview to raise a laugh?’’ "I think so," said Harry. At eight o’clock that evening he was being shown into Miss Cavendish’s house. The elderly lady who awaited him at the table apologized for not rising, and the crutch beside her chair explained her reason. Harry w’as con scious of an impression distinctly pleasing. He felt a little regretful ibour his mission. Still, a newspaper man is bound in strictest loyalty to his newspaper. It was evident tlint Miss Cavendish took hersel|' very seriously indeed, and, becoming. Confidential, in her simple way she showed him, under a pledge if confidence, the manuscript of ner forthcoming work. “Cynthia’s Happy Choice.” It was only after he reached the street that Harry realized he must turn this hospitable kindness into mockery. However, he knew the duty if a newspaper man; and perhaps be •ause of his humiliation he wrote the funniest of all the interviews that ap peared. Harry received no letter from Laura 'or several days, jt haa been planned .hat he was to meet ner at the station ind take her to her aunt's. He was jeginning to grow uneasy when he re ceived a letter with the New York uostmark "Dearest Harry," she wrote. “I have arrived in New York, and I thought I would give you a little surprise by«let ting you remain, in ignorance until 1 had actually come. You see. my dear, the train came in so late at night, and, with your exacting duties, I couldn’t let you come and take me so far and miss your sleep. I was quite well cared for by the agent for the Travelers’ society. "And now I have a little surprise for you. My aunt is no less a person than Miss Cavendish, the famous authoress. What do you think of that?” Harry read the letter and sat still as though stunned. Then he per ceived that another missive, with a ro mantic pink scented envelcrpe, lay be side his papers. He opened it. It was from Miss Cavendish. ”1 cannot begin to tell you.” it ran. "how much I liked your delightful in terview. But, Mr. Rogers, I am afraid you have overestimated my influence among working girl 3. Come and see me and let us have a nice unprofes sional chat.” With determination\that did not falter he made his way Caven dish’s house that evening. What agonies of spirit he endured during the day only he knows. He was shown into the same room as before. The room was empty. And while he stood there, desperately gath ering together the few strands of cour age that remained to him, the door opened and Miss Cavendish hobbled in with her crutch She came up to him and held out both hands. “Now I know who Harry Rogers is,” she said, “he is doubly welcome.” And the little old lady kissed him on the cheek. “Miss Cavendish,” he began, "that interview—l must tell you—l mußt ex plain—” “My dear boy, it was simply splen did,” the old lady answered. “It made me feel prouder of my work than I ought to feel. Not a word more, be cause I am too old to blush, Horry.” And the young man realized that the spiteful, envenomed shaft had passed her by. She was utterly unconscious of the hidden satire, of the malignant sneers. She was too nigh to be struck down by the poisoned arrow. And while Harry Btood In perplexity before her. an awful relief in his heart, Laura came in And Miss Cavendish quietly went out of the room. If Lauras kisses comforted him, they also made him feel abashed to tbo lowest level of humiliation. “I read your beautiful interview, Harry.’ she said “And, do you know, it makes me think you will rise very high, when you can see so much In auntie’s writings Many fine writers have misunderstood her and her simple aims—but you didn’t, dear. And I am happier than I cun tell.” And it was that unconfessed secret which he knew he must bear nlcne llfenceforth that made Laui.V* prophecy como true. WHY A DOG WAGS ITS TAIL Italian Scientist Declares Animal Per forms Action for Conversa tional Purposes. Why does a dog wag its tail? No this isn't Foolish Question 411*4 from it. It is a sober, solemn prt)b lem whic>> has been given long, care ful, scientific investigation, and which is now submitted to us with answer attached 30 that we needfi t worry our selves into the slightest degree oi thoughtfulness over it. Prof. Gius eppe Renato of Rome, Italy, has dt voted a lot of attention to this ques tion. So you see there must be some weight somewhere about it. Profes sor Renato very kindly and solemnu tells us that the dog wags its tali for conversational purposes—and tt this is true, we all know dogs that art great conversationalists, don t we . Professor Renato says great injustice has been done in the past by scien tists in not giving animals’ tails a pro found study sooner The tail, tie soi emnly pointed out, fronv the stand point of antiquity, is much older than other organs of the various animals and therefore entitled to be invest! gated first. Biology demonstrates, he says, tl\at in the gradual development of animal life the tail was perforin ing various important functions and working like a Trojan possibly cen turies before the animal ever began to dream that it might also be nice t< have paws, or jaws or legs. He hopes his present exhaustive and profound treatment of the subject will sort ot square matters with the animals, or rather with their tails, on behalf oi past neglectful scientists generally And yet, in spite of the arguments ot Professor Renato, some of us will con tinue to exhibit l'ar more interest in the dental development and profi ciency of tlieldog than in the conver sational ability shown in tail-wagging, won’t we?—Detroit Free Press. HONESTY ITS OWN REWARD Act of Street Car Conductor Made Whole Class Popular With Pittsburgh Eusincss Man. They were talking of the work of street car conductors and of their chances for graft in comparison with politicians. “I suppose that all men use the nimble finger in response to the nim ble mind at times, but let me tell you a bit of experience which may not be at all exceptional,’’ said a contractor of the Oakland district. “Last sum mer one day I put S2OO in S2O bills in one of those long folding books and slipped it into the inside pocket of my coat, as 1 thought. It was a hot day and I wore no vest. 1 boarded a car to go down town. Another car fol lowed closely. Before I could leave the platform of my car I saw the con ductor of the other car waving his hand, holding a book that looked like mine. I clapped my hand to my pocket and no purse was there. I sprang from the steps, ran back, the other car stopped, the conductor gave me my money and I felt for something, to re ward him. All the paper money was in S2O bills and 1 had only half a dol lar in change. I offered him that and asked for his address, telling him I would send more. He replied pleasant ly that he would not accept a reward for being honest, but that if he were in politics he might accept any old thing for being dishonest. After that I would trust a street car conductor as I would the cashier of my bank.” — Pittsburgh Dispatch. Skipper of Six-Master at 21. The E. R. Sterling, the only sixi masted barkentine in the world, ar rived in San Francisco from Nanaimo. B. C., laden with coal. Shortly after the vessel dropped an chor she w as boarded by federal opera tives who made a thorough search of the hold for a high-power wireless ap paratus which officials have been in formed is destined to be transferred at sea to a foreign warship from some American vessel in the near future. No apparatus was found. Capt. Edward Sterling, Jr., son of the owner of the E. R. Sterling, is only twenty-one years old and is said to be the youngest skipper of a deep-water ship to possess a master’s license. The vessel requires a crew of only 12 men, as her sails are raised by donkey en gines.—San Francisco Chronicle. He Swallows Toothbrush. James Skeffington of the Providence school committee has a fine set of teeth of which he is very proud. The other morning he was polishing his Ivories, and, in the course of his rub bing, his grip on the handle of the brush slipped and the brush went down Jim’s throat, too far for him to recover it. Realizing the gravity of the sit uation, Skeffington had a hurry call gent to the Rhode Island hospital, and there the doctors lost no time in op erating upon him. The brush was re moved from his stomach and in the afternoon the patient wus reported os doing well. —Providence Dispatch to Philadelphia Record The Whisperers of Paris. True, every day is like Sunday now In Paris. The church bells of Paris! Day und night calling across the muted city from Montmartre to Mont parnasse! No more Baedeker study ing and whispering about the Byzan tine and Gothic styles in the stillness of those dim, venerable churches; for the whisperers now ar** the women of Paris, kneeling before the Virgin, pruying each for o loved one out at the front in the trenehes.—Estelle Loomis lu the Century Magaziue. JUST HUMOR How It Began. "Them two gents over there are the leaders of the famous Brizcntine Slash feud," stated thd landlord of the tavern at Polkville, Ark., indicating a couple of grizzled veterans who had just passed each other with glares of silent ferocity. "They haven't spoken to each other in 30 years." "Indeed! What started the trou ble?" "One of ’em —nobody remembers which, unless they do —refused to wait long enough for the other to tell him a funny story."—Puck. A Necessity. "You seem to have a large number of picturesque characters about here," said the tourist. "We have to have ’em," answered the proprietor of a western hotel, "for travelers who come here expecting to find local color. Ah these Indians and cowboys you se are paid by us to loaf about the premises and keep within easy range oi kodaks." Office Regulations. Collector —See here. I have written you a dozen letters about that bill you owe my 1rm. and you haven't even acknowledged them. Country Editor—Were they written on both sides of the sheet? Collector—Of course. Country Editor—All such communi cations go into the waste basket with, out oeing read. —Stray Stories. A Lull. "And you used to say you were in favor of reform." "So 1 am," replied the statesman. "Rut you are not talking about it now." "Well, I think that in all faimesf we’re entitled to rest a little and ea joy the improvement we’ve already nade." PERPETUAL BONDAGE. Mrs. Henry Peck —I rule my hous« absolutely. When I am at home Mr ifeck minds me implicitly. Mrs. Herdso—What does he dc when you are away? Mrs. Peck —When I am not at hom€ he minds the baby. Not Deliberately Chosen. "Wo are a swift, commercial race”— A cynic sadly said It. "While poverty is no disgrace* It’s no especial credit. ’’ Ba.k to the Soil. The city man was telling his friends of the delights of farming. “There is only one time a success ful farmer gets back to the soil,” he said. “And that is?” “When he’s so far away from a garage that he has to climb under his auto and fix it himself." A Passing Thought. “What made you so nervous while you were carving the turkey, John. You never were that way before.” “I just happened to think that the material 1 was knifing up so reckless* ly was worth anywhere from fifty to seventy-nine cents a pouiid.” An Annoyance. “I understand that this prison nas been thoroughly reformed. ’ “Yes,” replied the gentlemanly con vict. “The only fault, we have to find now' is the necessity of associating with so uncultured a person as the warden.” I A New Reading. "Ethel la JUHt crazy over that young aviator. ’ "Loves him, does she?” "Sho worships the very air ha tiles In." —Boston Evening Transcript. The Reaeon. "Why are women so crazy over theBe battered-up (dotLull players?" “1 suppose It la because or the lu nate feminine love of remnants."