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W. J STULL, Editor and Prop. TBRMS OF SUBSCRIPTION One Year In Advance 18.00 Six Uoiitirs In Advance 81.00 OFFICIAL PAPER QtLPIN COUNTY ADVERTISING! RATES FURNISHER •N APPLICATION. Phono, Central 166 IBKCOLMM Mm^SlXMai Oa sate at Myn#m»«'i and Pos* Off- Id* Mam Stoqe, •swtral Ctty; PoA Off tss. Bm* 6fttfre. mack Mawk; Kaad dt«« piok Otara, 16th and SSowt OU., Denver. STnfle Cop las Ftva Cents. THURSDAY APRIL 15th, 1915. BASE INGRATITUDE It pains us very materially to see j Denver newspapers slew such apathy towards the land that gave her birth. | When the brawn and sinew of the j eacgt and south were forging their j way over the desolate 600 miles of: unknown country that lay between the Missouri river and the base line of these grand old mountains from 1859 to 1862, often engaged in mortal combat with the red man of the prairie as they pressed onward and upward to their goal in Gilpin coun ty, whose Eldorado was then being unfolded to the wor’d. The small settlement then on the banks of -the Platte at the conflu ence of Cherry Creek, afforded on ly a temporary resting place for the caravans before continuing their journey into the mountains, where the dashing wateis of north Clear Creek roll down their wave of gold en sands to Black Hawk’s valley far below’. The geld panned from the banks of the stream was taken to the small village on the plains, and a foundation laid for a port of entry into the mountains. As wealth increased from the working of the golden sands it was invested in Denver property, and the city was founded and nursed wholly by Gilpin county gold. In af ter years the grtut discoveries of silver in Boulder ai d Clear Creek counties added their share to the up building of the town, and a branch mint was established that laid the foundation for the modem structure that is not only an ernament to any city, but its massive vaults contain nearly a half billion of Uncle Sam’s gold. When the Roosevelt panic was upon the country in 1907 and all Den ver banks were issuing clearing house certificates, tie two banks at Central City, backed by our inex haustible grid mines, stood as ada mant against the s 1 rging tide, and declined to use certificates, tut paid their every obligation in gold. The base ingratitude of the Den ver press for failing to chronicle the prosperity now ranp-nt in the coun ty that gave her life, may in a ■Pleasure, retard capital from coming among us. tut there is a power super ior to the press that pervades and animates and cannot be stifled, and will permeate epch and every sec tion of tills terre> trial sphere with out the aid of the Denver papers. The golden, fissures of these mountains that are as eternal as the pyramids of Cheops, will still continue to pour forth their treasures to supply the marts of trade notwithstanding the silence of the Denver press. NOW IS THE TIME MINING SHOULD PROSPER Present conditions In the financial world should stimulate the claim own er to greater effort In the opening up of gold bearing properties. They sliculd stimulate Investors to such an extent that they should be will- Jng and eag. r to join hands with the man who has the gold mine, but not the means for its development and operations; and they should cause the prospector to make greater ef forts in the endeavor to find and give the world whrt it needs and must have —more gold producing prop ertles. If there ever was a time when gold mining should prosier and flourish, we have It wlth'us now; and, improv ed conditions in mining methods and reduction processr s should bring to a producing basis mines of low-grade gold ares which In the past, could not be profitably operated.—Breck enridge Journal. Mucli criticism is heard, particular ly among the business men and tax payers. of the action of the city coun cil at their last meeting in dispens ing with the services of the night watch. This was an economic move on tie pant cf the city officials, no doubt, hut tie citizens are of the opinion tlat the night watch i» need ed far more than some of the other officers and tint if there is to he a curtailment of expenses, the knife of decapitation hod better fall on N-d. CouncM shr/uld re consider Its acti<.n and led the night watch remain on duty. Advertise in the Observer and get result*. PERMANENT RECOVERY AjII signs Indicate that we have en tered a period of permanent recovery from the war. The first effects of that cataclysm were panic, followed by paralysis, then a period of vacilla tion. between fear and confidence. Tlirough aill of these phases, the pro cess of financial and commercial re adjustment has been progressing with remarkable steadiness, until fear has | now almost totally disappeared and buoyancy is taking its place. Trade jand finance, at least so far as con cerns the United States, have been completely adjusted to war conditions and the tendency now is to discount in advance the coming of peace. Con fidence has been further strength ened by progress of the w’ar itself. While it would te unwise to indulge in premature op.lmism, the hope of an early end is based upon the belief that preparedness on one side and exhaustion on the other can only bring one result. The general opinion is ' that peace will come during the au j tumn. Be that as it may, there is a | universal present ment in favor of ear ; ly peace that must have some founda i t’on greater than the mere wish. War is the very esser.ee of uncertainty, however, and settacks must be ex pected, although the ou<tlcoik is clear er than at any time since the strug gle began. Among the favor.ble developments of importance is the change of atti tude at. Washington and by numerous influential poll.leans toward big busi ness. The significance of this change in polcy will gradually be appreciated inasmuch as enterpr se will be stim ulated by cessation of the attacks that have done so much to impair business confidence during the past decade. A favorable impression has algo been created by a number of court decisions, both in the United States supreme ard state courts, which have restrained many of the pernicious attacks upon corporate ac tivities, and assured our corporations fairer treatment. Money continues abundant and easy and this too is a powerful aid to re cuperation. Cur bai ks are in sound condition, re erves being higher than at any time since the new system went into effect. The stretch of the New York monetary situation is il lustrated by the freedom w’ith which foreign nations are coming here for capital. Canadian, Argentine and Swiss loans have already been.placed upon this market. A French loan of $50,000,000 is now being offered which will undoubtedly be successful. Holland is also understood to be knocking at the door. Even Great Britain, is securing financial facilities, in this market through the extension of credits resulting from our excess of exports. No very extensive Lon don borrowing from this quarter is likely, inasmuch as Great Britain has shown marvellous ability to fin ance the war on her own account as well as to render financial assistance to her allies. To a very considerable extent, Grert Britain Is paying the war out of current revenue, it being estimated that the country pay al most its entire war expenses by giv ing up a few luxuries, such as liquor, tobacco, automobiles, etc. This, of course, will not likely be seriously undertaken, but It shows the wide leeway which is possible.—Henry Clews. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH NOTES There were fifty-seven at Sunday school last Sunday. Let everyone endeavor to make it sixty next Sun day. The interest was never better. Mr. Judy is proving to be a very earnest and capable leader. The les son for next Sunday ie on the sub ject, “The Shepherd Psalm” (Psalm 23). Rev. Chas. Taylor will preach at 11 a. m.. also at 7 p. m. Christian Endeavor at 6 p. m. Top. ic, “One Day in Seven for the High est Things.” (Ezck. 20:1-20). The Bible claps will meet ' Wednesday evening at 7:30 o’clock at the home of W. S. Judy. Eleven a. m. Sermon on the text. “Stand ye in the ways and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls.” Jere. 6:16. Seven p. m. Evening subject, “Ob jections Set Aside.” METHODIST CHURCH NOTES “Religion and Heredity” will be Mi© theme for the morning sermon. In the evening will he given the second of the series on Some Neglected Books of the Old Testament, “Jonah, the man Who Lid Not Believe in Foreign Missions.” The services of the day are as follows: 10 u. m. Class meeting Jed by Mr. Auger, 11 a. m., Worship with sernirn by the minister, 2:45 p. m., Sunday school, 6:16 p. m., Epworth League, Choir practice, 7:15 p. in., 7 p. m.. service with sermon by the minister, Prof. Borden B. Kessler of Denver For Sale —Domestic sewing ma chine in geed condition. K. U. LiEMETEuI. PASSING OF M. B. HYNDMAN Death is gradually but surely thin ning the ranks of the early settlers of the county, the last to answer the summons being a well-known and es timable citizen —Mark B. fryndman. Mr. Hyndman was C£flled from this earthly sphere Monday morning at 7 o’clock, passing away peacefully as one who lies down to pleasant slum ber, never to awake. He was resign ed to his fate and on the evening be fore his death asked his sister to tell him the true state of his condi tion: that if his hours were num bered he wanted to know it so that he could advise her relative to the at tention that should be given his af fairs after he had passed away. Mr. Hyndman’s death can be attrib uted to a stroke of paralys’s he suf fered six years ago next July. This misfortune left him an invalid and a constant care to devoted relatives. I He underwent an operation last Fri i day, which was advised by his phy sicians for relief from acute suffer ing. He rallied freni tne operation and the few remaining days of his life were without pain. Mark B. Hyndman was born at Mauch Chunk, Pa.. March 10th, 1539. He came to Gilpin county in 1865. first locating in Russell Gulch, w here lie became engaged in mining. For seme years he worked in the old Freeman book store in Central and upon the death of Mr. Freeman, J bought an interest in the store. Since 1880 he had conducted the book and I stationery store as sole proprietor, the establishment being one of the 'leading business licuses of the city today. Mr. Hyndman since his first arrival in the county had the great ; est faith in the mines of the dis i trict and backed this confidence with liis surplus capital. He was a man of sterling qualities and one who j made lasting friends, he never spoke ill of his neighbor and lived a life that won him the high esteem of all. He was never married and leaves but three sisters, two residing in Cen [ tral and one in Philadelphia. f The funeral was held frrm the res idence yesterday af*ernocn, where a I large assemblage of friends paid a 'final tribute to the memory of the de parted. Presbyterian services w ere , conducted by the Rev. Mr. Taylor of Denver, after which the Masonic qr der, of which deceased was a mem ber of long standing, took charge of the ceremonies. Interment in the Masonic cemetery. TO THE PUBLIC For the informal’on of those who have criticized the sheriff’s office for not respond irg more quickly, when called upon in an official capa city, I believe that it is my duty to offer an explanation as to the man ner in which the sheriff is now han dicapped in performing I is official duties, promptly. Under the pieser.t ruling of our Board of County Commissioners, should a warrant be issued by a Justice Peace, the sheriff is re quired to submit It to the Board for action, as to whether the county will pay the necessary fees and expense of serving same, otherwise the sher iff is personally re‘possible for any expense he may incur in fulfilling his duty, and pay said expense out of his private funds. This ruling of the Board, which confers no discretion ary power on the sheriff in J. P. cases, may result in guilty parties making their get-away before the Board could be brought Into session, and that at an expense of $20.00 to the county for the Board meeting. It will readily be seen, that with such a handicap, the sheriff’s office can not be expected to serve J. P war rants promptly ai d assume the risk of all expenses. In other counties of the state, ti e sheriff has no such handicap and 1b able to serve J. | P. warrnts witl out first submitting them to the Board of Commissioners, with its consequent delay. AX/BERT S. GUNDY. Sheriff of Gilpin County. THE GREAT CREDITOR NATION (Larmar Sparks) When the European war ends the United States will be the creditor na tion of the world. Already England, France and Germany have negotiated government loans In this country ag gregating one hundred millions, and all of them are made payable in gold ! coin of the United States Instead of English pounds. Nearly all the money raised by these loans is left In this country to purchase food and war sup plies for the fighting nut ions, and millions of dollars are being shipped to this country we kly to pay for our goods. A good crop in the United States this year will add hundreds of millions t<j the wealth of the coun try. | A most enjoyable soniul event oc curred last Friday evening at the homo of Mrs. Robert Johnson at which time the women of tlie* Tues day Reading Club entertained their | husbands and friends. The Observer supplies its patrons with the best meat in the county. , Give us a trial. No robbery. U. S. PLAYGROUNDS National Forests to Be Open to Pleasure Seekers. Hundreds of Permits Already Granted for Camps and Cottages in the Woods Belonging to the People. Washington.—To make the national forests with their aggregate area of 187,000,000 acres a vast camping and recreation ground for the people is one of the ambitions of Henry S. Graves, chief forester. Already hun dreds of canyons and lake shores are dotted with camps and cottages built on sites obtained through perrfiits of the forest service. The combined area of the national forests equals that of Chile and is nearly half as big as Germany. While most of the forests are in the Pacific coast and Rocky Mountain states, with several million acres in Alaska, there are acres in various other states. Ail types of American scenery are included in these forests of the peo ple. The forests embody the Cascades and Sierras of the Pacific coast, snow capped peaks in Alaska, rugged wild sections of the central and northern Rockies, desert lands in the south west, the flat lake regions of Minneso ta, semitropical swamps of Florida, Ozark highlands, southern Appalachi ans and North w’oods of New England. Special provision is made by the forest officials and rangers for ena bling pleasure seekers to get the full worth of their holiday. Four-fifths of the people in the national forests dur ing the last fiscal year were pleasure seekers, numbering over 1.500,000. But they were not a drop in the bucket compared with the number that could be taken care of. Those who do not care to camp and settle down in one spot may travel from place to place without let or hin drance so long as they observe reason able caution to prevent fires. Those who want a particular spot for a camp are required to pay a nominal sum for a permit. This enables the forest offi cer in charge to keep track of them. Forest rangers are under special in structions to assist the tourists and campers in every reasonable way. They can always be depended upon, to advise the traveler how best to reach his destination or to direct him to places or trips of special attractive ness, to aid him in an emergency, to procure a physician for him if needed, cr to give him a neighborly lift. Straight “sight seeing’’ in the na tional forests may be had for the tak ing. At certain of the ranger stations interesting collections of plant and tree specimens are on exhibition. Spe cial attention is paid to poisonous forage plants, which are a menace to the stockman’s grazing cattle or sheep and to the camper’s pack animals. Many lines of activity are constant ly carried on in the national forests, but they do not in any way interfere with their use as a national recrea tion ground. Lumbering does not leave such scars on the mountains as usually occur where private timber lands are being logged The slash and debris of the logging operation is cleaned up as tho work proceeds, and later is burned or otherwise disposed of. This reduces the fire hazard, pre pares the ground for the reproduction of a new forest crop and at the same time makes the area more accessible and less unsightly. One of the great recreation attrac tions of the national forests is hunt ing and fishing, and numerous camps are maintained for this purpose. The fish and game laws of the particular state in which a forest is located gov ern the use of the forest for these purposes. Many of the streams, which are very numerous, are kept stocked by the bureau of fisheries. The spare time of the rangers is spent in building, with other workers, the trails and other permanent im provement in the national forests, and the tyro will find ftie forest offi cers ever ready to instruct him in the necessary camp and wood lore. CHOIR FOR THE WELSH ARMY Will Go to Battle to Sound of Male Chorus Instead of s Braes Band. Cardiff, Wales. —When the new Welsh army of 40,000 takes the field It will go to battle to the sound of a Welsh male choir, which has been sub stituted In its regiments for the custo mary brass bands. The choral organi zation Is known as the “Welsh Army Voice Chorus,” and its members in clude some of the flneßt singers In the Welsh valleys, men who have com peted in the famous eistedfodds, or minstrelsy festivals. THIS BIBLE IS CENTURY OLD Published in Windsor, Vt., and Bears Marks of Exhaustive Study by Owners. Wahpeton, N. D.—E H. Carter of this city has an old relic of bygone days In a Bible published in Wind sor, Vt.. in 1812, by Merrifield & Coch ran at "The' Sign of the Bible. ’ This book is one hundred and three years old. It was the property of a great uncle of Mr. Carter, who evi dently had made an exhaustive study of the Bible as was evidenced by the copious marginal notes and references m old-fubliioncd handwriting. BRINGS TALE; LEAVES FOOT Eskimo Arrives at New York With Thrilling Account of Encounter With Grizzly Bear. Blubbering with joy, Aswatuk, an Eskimo, to be known on the Pennsyl vania farm, whither he has gone, by the stern patronym of Morris Levy, was released from Ellis island in charge of Miss Martha Lininger, a nurse at the Grenfell mission, in Labrador, says the New York Herald. Aswatuk (until •ie reaches Pennsylvania) has only me foot. The other, the left, was chawed off by a grizzly bear, wherein lies the story. Aswatuk —which means “the chilly baby”—ls sixteen years old, but, ac cording to the story, he’s so bravo that Labrador is probably relieved to be rid of his daring spirit. Miss Leininger, who brought him back with her, had trouble getting him Into the country, but finally appeals to Washington were answered, and Aswa luk is off to the farm. But to the tale of that missing foot. On a cold* windswept night in Bolster’s Rock, Labrador, little Aswatuk and his mother huddled about the whale oil lamp, wondering if Papa Aswatuk, the daring fisherman, was riding the gale. Suddenly from outside the igloo there came a scratching and the hearts of Aswatuk and his mother congealed. They knew it was the dread scratching of a polar bear scratching his way in to make a meal off them. Sundries in the way of dried moose meat and mission tracts were used to bolster the fast weakening wall of the igloo, but all in vain. Through a ragged aperture gloomed the horrid face of a grizzly bear. He yawned in anticipation of little Aswa tuk—a plump youth—just as Aswatuk kicked with his left foot. The foot reached the open mouth just as it closed, and just as Aswatuk’s mother dropped the whale oil lamp on the bear’s head. With a groan of pain and anger the grizzly loped lightly away, blazing with wrath and whale oil, but still clinging to Aswatuk’s foot. Aswatuk was taken to the hospital at St. Anthony’s, where he recovered sufficiently to be brought to this coun try. So goes the tale of Aswatuk as told by himself. Teaching Under Difficulties. Whatever teaching was done during the Civil war was carried on under difficulties, in so far as ordinary school supplies w’ere concerned; at least we judge so from the following extract from an article on “War- Time Expedients’’ in a North Carolina paper: “For pens we used goose-quills, un less one was fortunate enough to pos sess a gold one. Ink was homemade, also; generally the juice of some as tringent berry, like poke or elder berry, with the addition of copperas. For pencils we sometimes used the sharpened end of a burr of lead. Schoolboys made slate pencils by cut ting a broken slate into narrow strips and whittling them round with a pock et knife. A small b£!ie of a chicken w*as burned in the fire until almost calcined, and so used as a slate pen cil, but was rather too soft. To break a good school slate by accident was quite a misfortune in those days. The school books were those used by the former generation of children, and sometimes there would be hardly two alike in a class.” Says His Wife Could Tell. Most men are queer, but some are queerer, especially in New York. A prize winner in the second class drew the eyes of the entire company upon him in amazement as they sat around a table in a downtown restaurant at luncheon. They had been discussing apartment house life, when one of the party turned to the man next to him and asked: “By the way, Jim, how many rooms have you In your flat?” New York flats are so small you would imagine that any man who had to pay rent for one could answer right off. But Jim said: “Blessed if I know, my wife can tell you—l can’t. Never counted ’em.” “Well," whispered a man opposite, “Isn’t he a bird. Won der If he know’s how many fingers and toes he has?" Acoidents to War Aviators. An interesting statement is that made by a French publication that the number of deaths of aviators in the war service by accident was very small as compared with the records in time of peace, and the explanation is made that In this service only the most skilled men are engaged, and moreovef they do not indulge in the sensational exhibition stunts that have brought disaster to many. It mav be noted that It is this same sen sational exhibition business that has given the general public many erro neous and misleading ideas about fly ing machines that will sooner or later prove an injury to aviation.—Scientific American. Mining Tin One Woman’s Work. Mining tin to produce her operas and producing operas to make enough money to hold on to her Alaskan tin mines Is the double profession of Miss Emma R. Steiner, who, broken down by her musical efforts In New York, went to Alaska to recuperate. Hero •he was struck with the gold fever, but while her “find” turned out to be tin and not gold, it promises to bring her in its weight in gold, especially in view of the precarious state of the smelters in Belgium, which has al ready led to the establishment of tlio first American smelters in Bolivia, much nearer to and therefore less ex pensive in the way of transporting raw material. UNHONORED AT HOME LIBT OF THE GREAT UNAPPRECI ATED BY COUNTRYMEN. America Has Had Many, Even In Rs cent Years— Germany’s Ingrati tude to Those Who Made Her Immortal in Literature. Poe was chiefly a drunkard to his contemporaries; the gentle Emerson, our one great philosopher, w’as abused for his candor; Walt Whitman was howled down, and our one genius as a painter, Whistler, lived abroad his life long. Thoreau was considered as no great “shakes.” and Henry James is a dweller under foreign tents. Germany, too, has a little list: Goethe, who was early damned an “im moral” and an epicurean when his land was occupied by Napoleon (the Little Corporal knew better; "Voile un homme!” he exclaimed). Heine died in exile as "M. Henri Heine, poete et raconteur,” at Paris. Schopenhauer and Nietzsche abused their native country in language that still glitters with irony and hatred. Richard Wag ner had no reason to love Germany, and there is Beethoven, who lived and died in Vienna; Handel, an English man by adoption; Schumann, and many others, who suffered from neg lect. In our own days Richard Strauss and Arnold Schoenberg are victims. In France the number of disconcerts, Rabelais, Pascal, Rousseau (Montaigne was too sensible. Voltaire too pugna cious to be crushed), Victor Hugo, Baudelaire, Flaubert (the two last named were publicly prosecuted for “obscene” writings—stupendous), Ber lioz (adjudged a madman), Balzac. Pasteur, Verlaine, Manet, Monet —how many more? Mind you, I don’t say that these men were all model citizens; but they were men of genius (Claude Monet still lives, honored in his old age), and were persecuted. Edouard Manet as bitterly as was Richard Wag ner. Italy: Dante, august name, mighty poet, “solitary pacer of the shore;” Tasso, Columbus, Galileo, Leopardi. Cnrduccl. Even little Holland allowed Rembrandt, Vermeer and Spinoza to die obscurely. Ireland among others can show James Clarence Mangan— now don’t say, “it s a pity he drank!” —and John M. Synge. Scotland has Burns as an “awful” example, while England is first in the field as the mother of poets: Milton, Blake, Shel ley, Keats. Byron, Browning, Shel burne. Meredith, Landor and Harvey. Darwin. De Foe, Bunyan could all tell tales of neglect, contumely, even worse. Spain scorned her greatest Writer* Cervantes; Sweden her mystic Swe denborg, her gifted Strindberg. Ibsen, like Dante, lived in exile, solitary and abused by the world. Lenan of Hun gary died mad. Russia was not too gentle In her handling of Dostoievsky—who waa shipped to Siberia ten years ago. Tol stoy was hated by the throne. Tur genev was self-exiled, but occasion ally was imprisoned on his country estate by the authorities. Polands bard. Adam Mickiewicz, fled to Paris; even the spiritual Chopin, psychically brave, as his musie proves, left War saw forever for Paris. This list might efflly be lengthened. I avoid mention of Socrates, Jesus Christ, Mahomet. Moses, Maimonides, Luther, Loyola and Savonarola, be cause they are victims to the worst passions of mankind—the passion aroused by theological odium. Such, serene souls as Shakespeare, Da Vinci. Velasquez, Montaigne, never became embroiled In politics or religious rows. If you are ever assailed with any of the great names, simply reply with the question: “How were they treated during their lifetime by their fellow countrymen ?”—Puck. Preventing Soil Erosion. Soil erosion Is doing business dam age constantly, and few people know how to apply preventive measures. In the annual report of the bureau of soils of the department of agriculture a simple method of handling one class of erosions Is described. This is the case where tfte soil is being washed away in gullies, and the remedy is to build a dam across the Incipient gul ly, through which a sewer pipe ia passed, connecting with an upright pipe situated at the upper side of the dam The hollow formed by the dam will fill with water in flood conditions until the top of the upright pipe ia reached, when the excess of water runs off quietly into the next field or into another Impounding space below. The cutting current of the draining water is stopped and the sediment carried by It settles above the dam, thus tend ing to repair the damage previously done. A suitable tile drain located under the dam will dispose of the wa ter Impounded below the opening ofl the upright pipe. Realistic Maneuvers. The Turkish army might possibly be putting up a Better fight Just now had it been trained according to the meth ods udopted by one of Ub earlier com manders. Lord llroughton notes In hia dlnry of January 18, 183.1, that he "met Nahmek Pasha, the Turkish ambas sador, at tho lord chancellor's dinner tnble. He gnve us nn account of tho present grand vlsler, whom he de scribed ns being very 'vlf when maneuvering his troops lu sham bat tles; so lively, Indeed, that he made them fire bullets, und churgc with bay onets and kill one another, although In private life he was a mild man."— Loudon Chronicle.