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CZAR AND CZAREVITCH IN UNIFORM
New photograph of the czar ol Russia and his heir, the czarevitch, garbed In the uniform of officer*? of the Russian army. The young man seems to have outgrown his invalidism. FIGHT LIKE DEMONS Bernhard Kellermann Describes Trench War at Souchez. Roads and Paths for Miles Around Under Fearful Fire —Little Ham let Now Is Marked for All Time. 3y BERNHARD KELLERMANN. (International News Service.) On the Western German Front. —I have seen them and talked to them, the men fighting out there in the trenches of Souchez. Just now they are resting, but tonight they will be fighting again like demons. The roads and paths for miles around are under a fearful fire. Almost every second a shell bursts with a deafening roar. Through this inferno they must pass. Then they will be in Souchez. What is Souchez? A small village which nobody knew a few months ago and which now will never be for gotten again. The little hamlet is marked for all time, like Gravelotte and Woerth. If hell keeps books the name of Souchez must be entered in large letters. There is nothing left of the village but a heap of ruins. The trenches are a few hundred yards from the village, behind a curtain of Are. Through this curtain our boys in gray must pass. There are no communicating passages—the French artillery on the heights of Loretto does not permit them. The trenches can only be reached over the open field, through the unceasing hail of French shells. But our men are fearless. Their uniforms were all field-gray at one time, but nobody Is able to distinguish their color now. Only the first ser geant looks as if he Just came from the tailor shop. His uniform is spot less and his hands are carefully mani cured. With the long nails of his little finger he traces the position on the map. Before the war he was a high school professor, but now he is a sol dier every inch of him. “This is our trench.” he said, ex plaining the map to me. “Over there on the heights the artillery of the enemy stands. “Yesterday we were under heavy fire from seven o’clock In the morn ing till nine o’clock at night The trench was destroyed and we were buried. 'About nine o’clock In the evening the shells began to fly over us The enemy was trying to drive hack a re lief column and to storm what was left of our trench. Our lieutenant Bhouted a command and In a moment our trench resembled an ant-heap. We dug oursel’-es out. Most of our giuis had become useless, but we had hand grenades “Tb* French swooped down upon us. hut we sent a couple of dozens of grenades Into their ranks. The smoke was so thick that we could not soe each other "For a moment the enemy recoiled, but then believing us finished, he ad vanced again, ns he had received re enforcements; yelling, singing and laughing we threw still more grenades. “At the same moment we noticed that the Frenchmen were also begin ning to attack from one of their trenches at our right. In the direction of the sugar refinery. Like peas from a barrel they came pouring out of the smoke. The lieutenant shout ed: 'One man to the front with grenades!' A single soldier advanced and started to throw bombs. Who was It?” “1 did it,“ answered one of the men a farmer from Silesia. ”1 took an armful of grenades and fired away at random, but the bombs hit their mark The Frenchmen fell back. When they advanced again I had no more gren ades and had to run. They sent vol leys after me. but I safely reached our trench again and jumped into one of the craters.” Then the noncommissioned officer continued: “The Frenchmen believed them selves sure of their success, but our lieutenant was ready for them. He sent eight men ahead into the craters and the fire of this little detachment mowed the enemy down when he came on in close formation. In the meantime our machine guns had been brought into action and the French were driven back in front and at our flank. "But the section of the trench for which we fought had become useless to us. We gave it up and slowly re treated. keeping the enemy at a re spectful distance by a heavy rifle fire. “For a short while the enemy took possession of our destroyed ditch, but he could not hold It. When we re took it by a counter-attack we found it filled with the bodies of dead French soldiers. We quickly dug our selves in again, but tomorrow the re paired trench may be in the hands of the enemy once more. Then we will have to retake it again, and so it goes on.” QUEEN OF BULGARIA The most recent photograph of Eleanore. queen of Bulgaria, which was made on the porch outside the royal palace at Sophia, shows her wearing the simple native costume of her subjects. The queen before her marriage to the Bulgarian king was tho Princess Eleanore of Reutz- Kostrltz, a favorite at the Russian court She Is distinguished for her work In the Red Cross field, having been head of one of the largest Red Cross hospitals during the Russian- Japanose war. She may be called upon soon, should her country he drawn into the present war. to again do (he effective Red Cross work for which she is noted. Confederate Twins. Pittshoro, N. C.—Messrs. James and John Iturnß of this county are twins and are probably the oldest twins in this s'nte, being over seventy-seven years old. They recently nad their photographs taken together for the first time in their long lives. They were both Confederate soldiers m emunv observes. ■ CHIVALRY NOT DEAD Old Spirit of Knighthood Main tained Among Aviators. British and German Air Raiders No tify Enemy of Fate of Rival Avi ators—Flyers Are Type With Marked Characteristics. By FREDERICK PALMER. (International News Service.) British Headquarters, France. — “Though it has been repeatedly stat ed that chivalry does not exist In this war," said a British aviator, “this does not apply to the British and German aviation branches. Whether it is the individualism of our work and its nov elty, or whatever it is that is respon sible, something of the old spirit of knighthood maintains among the flyers of the air. When a British avi ator has to descend in the German lines, whether from engine trouble or because his engine or his plane has been damaged by antiaircraft gunfire, the next day the Germans report to us his name and whether he survived, and if so, whether he is wounded. We always do the same. It has come to be a custom." The reports are made in a manner worthy of airmen and they are the only communications that ever pass between the two foes, which watch for heads to snipe at from their trenches. What is called a “message bag" is dropped over the British lines by a German or over the German lines by a British aviator —sometimes when he is in the midst of bursting shells from the antiaircraft guns. Long streamers are attached to the little cloth bag. These, as they pirouette down to the earth from a height of sever, or eight thousand feet attract the attention of soldiers in the neigh borhood and they run out to get the prize when it lands. It is taken to battalion headquar ters, which wires the fact on to the aviation headquarters, where the fate of a comrade may be known a few hours after he has left his home aero drome; and. In another few hours someone In England may know the fate of a relative. “That is one of the advantages of belonging to the flying corps.” say the British aviators. “It may be weeks before his relatives and comrades know whether a man who is missing after a trench attack or counter-attack Is a prisoner or dead. Such little kind nesses as this don't interfere with you fighting your best for your cause; at the same time they take a little of the savagery out of war. Of course, the rule could not apply to prisoners taken in trench fighting only to airmen. There are relatively few airmen on either side and only an occasional one ever comes down to the enemy’s lines.” With the first flush of dawn the British planes rise from the aviation grounds. All day they are coming and going, and in the dusk of evening they appear out of the vague dis tances of the heavens returning home to roost. The flyers become a type with cer tain marked characteristics. No nerv ous man is wanted; and it is time for any man who shows any sign of nerves to take a rest. They seem shy, diffident, men of the kind given to observation rather than talking; men who are used to using their eyes rather than their hands. It is a little difficult to realize that some quiet young' fellow who is pointed out has had so many hairbreadth escapes. What tales worthy of “Arabian Nights” heroes whp were borne away on magic carpets they bring home, re lating them as matter-of-factly as if they had broken a shoe lace Up in their seats, a whirr of the motor, and they are away on another adventure. They shy at the mention of their names In print: for that is not con sidered good for the spirit of this, the newest branch of the service of war. Anonymity is absolute Everything is done by the corps for the corps. Some members have luck, as they put It. and some do not. L—’» name may not be given, but his is the most dra matic of recent experiences. He was a pilot flying In Belgium, far away from the British lines, when an antiaircraft shell mashed his leg. which was hit by fifty bullets and fragments, the doctor estimated, as the story was told to the correspond ent. He collapsed in his seat uncon scious His machine dropped at right angles to the line of flight, with the concussion. The observer who was with him managed to hold on by clutching at the machine gun. They were careening down to the earth, with the observer helpless from his position to do anything, when L recovered consciousness and mustered strength and presence of mind enough to right the machine and to turn it round in the midst of a cloud of shrapnel smoke. He was not going to be tnken prisoner, despite his shattered leg, when he found that the shell which had so nearly done for him had not Injured the engine or the plane. So ho made for the near est aerodrome. There he managed to land sa'sly. But. as he said, he did not dare to get out of his seat until the doctor came, for fear that his leg would fall off. Ht will get well. Saw Far Ahead. Wlcbltn, Kan.—Mrs. 31ara Fay, sev enty-Beven years old, who died here recently, had prepared for her demise, leaving nothing undone In funeral or burial arrangements. STATE CAPITAL NEWS Western Newspaper Union News Service. AVERS DOCUMENTS PROVE PLOT. Reported That Union Agent Admits Use of Sleuths in Colorado. Denver.—That the State Military Board of Inquiry has in its possession sworn evidence to prove a conspiracy on the part of agents of the United Mine Workers sent here not only to prevent enlistments in the Colorado National guard, but to procure indict ments against Governor Carlson, At torney General Farrar, high militia officers and leading coal mine oper ators of the state, as well as the men who control the financial affairs of the mines, was the statement issued by Lieut. Col. Edward J. Houghton, presi dent of the board. The statement, with documentary evidence to support its charges, was made public on the authority of Governor Carlson. William Diamond, an organizer for the United Mine Workers, who is said to be the real Colorado representa tive of the Indianapolis headquarters of the organization since John R. Law son was convicted at Trinidad, is said to have admitted that the Mine Work ers sent agents here to gather evi dence on which to base criminal com plaints against state officials and coal mine operators. The plan was initi ated, he said, because the prosecu tions which followed the strike of two years ago have been against only union officials and strikers, ignoring offenses committed by the other side. He denied, however, that any attempt has been made to prevent the re habilitation of the Colorado National guard. H. W. Risley Makes Charges. Denver.—“ Replying to the gover nor’s charges filed against him before the new State Civil Service Commis sion, Harry W. Risley makes the di rect and positive statement in his an swer that the governor’s private secre tary asked Risley to give a large quantity of printing for the state to a Denver publishing company, in viola tion of a contract already made by the governor, and that upon his (Risley’s) refusal, the governor’s secretary or dered him to resign, threatening to file charges in case he did not com ply with the governor’s request. Risley also charges that his removal is sought for political reasons only and that the charges are a ‘frame-up’ to find room for a political favorite. Risley also claims that the new civil service commission is not a legal body, for the reason that its status is now on trial before the Supreme Court. The old civil service commis sion has certified his pay-roll for the month of August, but the new one re fuses to do so. The hearing on the charges will be held Sept. 10”—R. Crop Conditions Above Normal. Denver. —Crop conditions as a whole throughout the state are above nor mal is the opinion of W. H. Olin. Grain is mueh better than in previous years, the sugar beets are showing a sturdy growth, with a promise of a record crop, the potato crop is in an encouraging condition and the live stock industry is in better shape than ever before, according to Mr. Olin. Human Eye Valued at $1,112. Denver.—A human eye is worth sl,- 112, according to the Colorado work men’s compensation law. On this val uation the state insurance fund will pay Peter McNulty of Colorado Springs $8 a week for the next 139 weeks, the first payment of the kind to be made under the new law. Me Nulty lost one eye as a result of an accident while employed In the Mary Murphy mine at Romley. State Probing Warden's Books. Denver. —An investigation is being made of the accounts of the state penitentiary in Canon City under the regime of Thomas J. Tynan, warden. The investigation is being conducted by three men sent by State Auditor Mulnix, and is being carried on for the full period of time since the ad ministration of Warden (’leghorn. Mine Rescue Work Demonstrated. Denver. —How mine rescue work re duces the risk of the coal miner un der tho workmen's compensation act was demonstrated for the members of the Stute Industrial Commission at the annual field day of the Victor American Fuel Company employes at Walsenburg. Held As Walsenburg Slayer. Denver. —A request on the Utah gov ernor for the extradition of Mike Mer sills, charged with the murder of Wil liam Dick in Walsenburg, Feb. 15, 1915, was issued by Governor Carlson Would Spend $600,000 in Colorado. Denver. —S. B. Williamson, chief ol construction of the United States Reclamation Service, had Just returned from Washington, where he urged that $600,000 be allowed for the coming fiscal year for work on reclamation projects in this state ulone. This recommendation must be adopted by Congress, but it is considered prob able that favorable action will be taken so that the Uncoinpahgre and the Grand valley projects may be com pleted before June. 1917. GIRL SOS HORSE OF ORANGE HUE Oddly Radiant Beast Is Discov ered in Chicago by Indi ana Girl. ‘TOO MUCH!’ SHE CRIES Other Peculiarities of Animal Are Canary-Colored Eyes, Sky-Blue Mane and Green Tail—Carried Cleaver in Foot. Chicago.— An orange-colored horse —absolutely not the scarlet one that haunted Evanston last February, but orange-colored, vivid, like flame—has been observed lately on the South side of Chicago, especially, if not exclus ively, in the neighborhood of Fifty third street and Indiana avenue. A riot call brought a wagon load of police to that corner immediately after the first appearance of the oddly radiant beast. The shrill screams of * woman who never had seen a horse like that before aroused the whole neighborhood. But the horse disap peared as quickly as it had come. Have Only Description. Detectives who have sought to iden tify the animal and to question its Dwner if he should be found, say that :hey have not themselves seen the lorse, but have obtained an eye-witness iescription from a young lady, as fol ows: “The horse is quite different from ;he type ordinarily seen in Chicago. The orange-colored body is merely one it the peculiarities. In addition I no ticed that the eyes are canary yellow, '.he mane sky-blue, the tail a tropic ihade of green, the tongue jet black ind pointed like a fishhook, and the :eeth—presumably artificial—are of polished gold.” Meat Cleaver in Forefoot. Questioned more closely, the young woman remembered that the beast limped a little with its right forefoot, ind that the left forefoot, oddly shaped ike the hand of a gorilla, brandished in ordinary meat cleaver such as may >e observed in any butcher shop. This tem. the cleaver, is believed to be he only tangible clue to the identity it the beast. At a late hour last light, however, the police had not re ceived any complaint of a missing ileaver. The young lady said also that the ips of the horse, when she saw it, were parted in "a sort of leering grin.” 3ut this testimony is not taken at >ar, for authorities are agreed that a lorse laugh never is a leer. It is herefore supposed that she is mis aken about the lips. Had Late Bupper in Loop. It was Monday night that the young voman saw the horse. It must have >een nearly midnight, too, for she Never Had Seen Horae Like That Before. says she had a late supper that eve ning In the loop district, and she did not see the horse until some time after she bad retired. The lady'B home Is not In Chicago, but In Peru, Ind. She was visiting friends here and enjoying the taßte of city life greatly, very greatly, Im mensely. In fact, it would be difficult to exaggerate the degree of the enjoy ment. But in Peru, it is said, the oldest Inhabitant never has seen a horse like the one Bhe saw here. Borne of the village residents, it is true, have seen other curious animalß, such as centi pede-mice, sixteen-ounce spiders and dachshunds longer than the village lire hose, but never an orange-colored horse with gold teeth. The appearance of the horse was. indeed, so strange that she screamed hysterically when Bhe saw It, and it was her cries that brought the matter to the attention of the police. Diamond Found .in Pancake. Newcastle, ind. —Mrs. C. C. Hyde re cently missed a diamond Bet out of a ring. After a diligent Bearch about the home the set was given up as lost. A few mornings ago pancakes were served for breakfaßt. One member ol the family found something hard in his mouth and on examination it proved to be tho lost diamond. It 1b supposed the set dropped from the ring Into some butter and was conveyed to the cake. WESTERN MINING NEWS IN BRIEF Western Ncwspnprr Union News Service. Metal Market Values. Lead, New York, $4.90. Bar silver, 46Vic. Spelter, St. Louis, $13.48. Copper, casting, $17.12%. CRIPPLE CREEK OUTPUT, Increase for August Over July Is Re ported as $114,579. Cripple Creek, Colo.—The mines of Cripple Creek district for August pro duced 84,800 ton of ore with an aver age value of $14.65 per ton, and a gross bullion value of $1,242,264. As compared with July, the increase is reported in tonnage as 1,750 tons, and in value $114,579. The Portland Gold Mining Company, at its three plants, one in Colorado Springs and two in this district, treated no less than 41,100 tons of ore of a valuation of from $2.59 to s2l per ton, and an aggregate value of $295,864. The figures as reported out from the several treatmtent plants are as fol lows: \ Average Gross _ , . Tons. Value. Value. Golden Cvcle, , Colo. Springs. .38.000 $19.00 $ 722,000- Portland. Colo. Springs 10,000 21.00 220.500 Smelters. I>enver and Pueblo.... 4,000 55.00 220,000 Poreland, Cripple Crk. Dlst 19.600 2.59 50,764 Portlund Indepen dence 11,000 2.60 24,600 Gaylord Dante 700 4.00 2,800 Kavanaugh Jo- Dandy 1.000 1.60 1,600 Totals 84.800 $14.65 $1,242,264 Arizona. The milling plant for the tungsten mines, twelve miles east of Yucca, is to soon be in commission. The mines show’ good bodies of milling ore. At the Old Dominion smelter at Globe, production is being maintained at the rate of fifty tons per day, or 3,000,000 pounds per month. Three furnaces are running. Thirty-five feet of pay milling ore sums up the breadth and value of the strike made recently in the Black Eagle workings of the Tom Reed Gold Mines Company at Oatman. While strikes of rich mineral are being reported from all sections of Mohave county, the wonderful strike of molybdenite ore in the Leviathan mines, in Copper Cafton, must not be overlooked. New Mexico. The Hop Canon mine district, five miles south of Magdalena, is booming. Moore and Wolf, who are operating the Black Cloud mine, are shipping heavily at the present time. The smelter at Socorro, recent'./ taken over by California capitalists, assures extensive development of the mines in that part of the state. W. W. Slate and C. F. Henley have leased several thousand acres of land in Quay and Roosevelt county and are preparing to do extensive prospecting for oil. In 1914 the production of metals from New Mexico mines, according to Charles W. Henderson of the United States Geological Survey, showed an Increase in gold, silver, copper and zinc, and a decrease in lead. Tho mine output of gold was $1,171,696, an Increase of $289,770; of silver. 1,777,- 445 ounces, an increase of 146,172 ounces; of copper, 59,307,925 pounds, an increase of 2.999.219 pounds; of lead (figured as lead in lead bullion and lead in leaded zinc oxide), 1,763,- 641 pounds, a decrease of 2.182,722 pounds; and of zinc (figured as spel ter and zinc in leaded zinc oxide), 18,- 403,392 pounds, an increase of 1.880,- 231 pounds. Wyoming. T. A. Harris reports that Ed. Good of Tnermopolis, who has a 200-barrel well at that place, visited the OH Development Company’s property and was very favorably impressed. The French capitalists who are in terested in the Midwest Oil Company In Wyoming have all been on the fir ing line and are either at the front r.ow or are in the hospital recovering from wounds. The Drayton-Good Oil Company, op erating in the Grass Creek field, near Thermopolis, brought in a gusher at tho depth of 1,850 feet. Over 1,200 feet of oil stands in the well after the run-off. The oil is high grade. Tho location of this well is outside of the escupetnent described by geologists, and as the big flow of oil was en countered at great depth, und as tho drill passed through sands at the 1,- 000 and 1,200-foot level, in which wells have been brought in in the main field, the fuct is now demonstrated that oil may be found where there are no geological indications. Colorado. The Keller & Bright mines in Ouray county are making a good showing as work progresses. Machinery for the mill of the Gold Coin Mining and Reduction Compuny at Ouray has been purchased. At Cripple Creek tho Independence leasers are maintaining regular ship ments of goon grade ore and the out put from this famous producer during the coming months promises to ho heavier than at any time during tho last several years.