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Gilpin observer. (Central City, Colo.) 1897-1921, December 25, 1919, Image 2

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Avoid Using Egg Substitutes, Which Usually Are Unsatisfactory.
.prepared by the United States Depart*
ment of Agriculture.)
The so-called egg substitutes which
ander various trade names are being
sold to housewives will in no sense
take the place of eggs in baking or
cooking, say the specialists of the
bureau of chemistry. United States
department of agriculture. They have
analyzed and made baking tests with
most of the preparations which are
claimed by manufacturers to do the
work of eggs.
These preparations are sold usually
in small packages containing from
one to four ounces and priced at from
10 to 35 cents a package. It is
claimed that each package will take
the place of from 12 to 48 eggs. If
these preparations would take the
place of nr do the work of even one
dozen eggs, their purchase would help
to reduce the high cost of living, but
unfortunately for those who are mis
led by the alluring claims on the labels
or in advertisements, they do not do
the work of eggs in baking or cook
Pries Is Excessive.
The average price paid by the con
sumer for the so-cnlled egg substi
tutes is approximately 6 cents an
ounce or at the rate of about $1 a
pound. Since these products consist
essentially of starch or a powdered
cereal product such as wheat flour,
sometimes artificially colored yellow
to Imitate the appearance of eggs,
the consumer pays a price far In ex
cess of their food value or intrinsic
Baking tests showed that cakes
Moat Efficient Remedies for Control of
Insects Are Powders—Sodium
Fluorld Best.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Roaches will not frequent rooms un
less they find some available food ma
terial. If such materials can be kept
from the living rooms and offices or
scrupulous care Is exercised to see
that no such material is placed in
drawers where It can leave an at
tractive odor or fragments of food,
the roach nuisance can he restricted.
The most efficient remedies for the
control of roaches are powders, par
ticularly sodium fluorld, n liberal dust
ing of which about the premises will
furnish n sufficient means for the
elimination of the pest. The sodium
fluorld should he blown into the crev
ices with a dust gun or blower. The
Immediate effect Is to cause these In
sects to come out of their retreats and
rush about more or less blindly, show
ing unmistakable signs of discomfort,
to be followed In a few hours by their
Commonly Regarded aa an Appetizer
and Seasoning—-Very Satisfactory
Meat Subatituto.
Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Affrii'ulture.)
Cheese Is commonly regarded ns nn
appetizer and a seasoning for other
foods, but it is also n very satisfactory
substitute for ment. It is rich in pro
tein and energy, nnd contrary to a pre
vailing impression, It is easily digested.
Extensive digestion experiments car
ried on by the department of agricul
ture have demonstrated that more
♦ban 95 per cent of the protein of
cheese is digestible and 00 per cent
of Its energy Is available. As compared
with meat It has advantage of being
able to keep long in storage and con
tains much food In a small volume.
A pound of cheese supplies more than
twice as much energy as a pound of
fowl or round steak, nnd almost twice
as much protein as the same amount
of fowl or ham. Cheese, therefore. Is
usually a cheaper food than the meats.
P'®ci of Round Staak About an Inch
Thick and Wolghlno Two Pound!
la Flrat Eaaentlal.
‘Prepared by the United Statea Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
For Spanish beefsteak take a piece
of round steak about an Inch thick and
weighing two pounds. Pound until
thin and season with salt and cayenne
pepper. Cover with a layer of bacon
or salt pork cut In slices. Roll und
tie with a cord. Pour around It half
a cupful of milk and half a cupful of
water. Place In a covered baking
dlah and bake two hours, bastlcf oc
made with these so-called egg substi
tutes are inferior to cakes made with
water in place of the substitute, other
wise using the same recipe, are not
nearly so good as cakes made with
milk, and In no measure are compar
able with cakes made with eggs.
There Is, no doubt, say the specialists,
that most of these products do not
really resemble eggs, neither can they
take the place of eggs In baking and
cooking, and further they do not serve
any purpose in baking and cooking
which is not equally served by the
ordinary products daily used in the
Dried Egg Preparations.
A distinction should be made by the
consumer between dried egg prepara
tions, dried egg powders and the like,
which consist entirely or mainly of
real eggs In powdeqed form, and the
so-called egg substitutes which con
tain little or no egg in any form.
Real egg powders, properly prepared,
will answer most purposes of shell
eggs in baking and cooking.
Prosecutions are now pending in the
federal courts against manufacturers
of a number of the so-called egg sub
stitutes on the charge that the prep
orations are misbranded under the
terms of the food and drugs act. In
spectors have been instructed to
watch interstate shipments of such
preparations and take appropriate ac
tion In cases where misbranding is
found. The federal food and drugs
act does not apply, however, to prep
arations made and sold wholly withla
the state.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Go shopping with a definite purpose;
do not be lured Into purchases whish
you hnve not planned.
Choose slowly and thoughtfully.
Learn to recognize quality. A re
liable salesman will help you in this.
Do not expect great savings from
tlie bargain counter unless you are a
good Judge of materials.
Choose good materials for things
that will get liurd wear.
Avoid novelties nnd fads in design
and color. They soon become tire
some nnd the price usually protects
the merchant agulnst loss from left
over stock.
Reckon In advance how much ma
terial you need.
In buying ready-made clothing, In
sist on good materials, style and work
manship. If you alwiiys do this the
dealers will be encouraged to supply
He sure that the thing you choose is
becoming to you and appropriate to Its
Huy the thing that will serve for
more thut one sort of occusdon or time
of year.
Look for simplicity of line nnd deco
ration. Garments extreme In style are
never economical and rarely becoming.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Pumpkins and squash are in season.
This pumpkin pie is up to date at this
time of sugar scarcity because it uses
no sugar:
Pumpkin Pia.
2 cupa pie squash or 1 teaspoon ginger
pumpkin (stewed H teaspoon salt
and strained) 2 eggs
M cup molaasea 2 cupa rich milk
1 teaspoon cinnamon
Mix the pumpkin, molasses, cinna
mon. ginger and salt. Beat the eggs
slightly and add them and the milk
to the mixture. Bake the mixture In
one crust until It is Arm.
Of Interest
to the
Never leuvo unions In the refrig
• • •
Cinnamon toast Is an agreeable
luncheou dish.
. • q
A little potato may be added to
mashed turnip.
« • •
Stale bread is always to be preferred
tor sandwiches.
. . •
Raw young cabbage makes one of
the best salads.
• • •
Cabbage salad, raw, goes very well
with lima beans.
the omm OBmvn.
To Meet
Miss Dale
(A lilt, by MeClur. N.w.p.p.r 8| idlest*.)
“You’ll never know her by sight by
just that description,” said Steve Pow
ers, digging diligently Into the spaghet
ti kettle with a chain dish cloth. “Rot
ten shame, the way your relatives land
these little jokes on you, anyhow.
Don't they know you’re keeping bach
elor’s hall here with me?"
“She won’t come here. I'm only to
meet her at the train and trot her over
to the Long Island terminal. Mother
says she's blonde and wears a blue
serge suit with a white silk waist and
white hat."
“There’ll be 9,000 girls dressed Just
like that, Tommy, you poor fish, Satur
day afternoon In the Grand Central. I
suppose she has a full description of
you, too—slender, distinguished youth
with dark blue serge suit, brown low
cuts, reddish hair, blue eyes, affable
"Shut up,” growled Tom. "Perhaps
you'd like to meet her yourself. No
body’d ever trust you to take a young
person under your wing and land her
safely In the bosom of her family.”
“Yet I shall go with you, Tommy, to
see that you behave,” Powers warned
cheerfully. “Have I ever deserted you
In any emergency? No, sir. Brother
to brother, through thick and thin, I
will stand at a safe distance while you
meet her.”
Therefore, promptly at three min
utes before two, there waited at the
lower level gate two anxious young
men, watching for Miss Virginia Dale,
from Tuckahoe, N. Y. But one after
another the arriving passengers dis
persed and there was no young blonde
person clad In blue serge with a white
hat or white silk waist.
“Did we miss her?" asked Tom anx
iously. “If you'd shut up and not get
me all rattled, Steve, I’d have been
But Powers failed to respond be
cause he had been accosted by a young
person. Certainly she was not the one
expected. All In pink she was, short,
ruffly pink skirts above white stock
ings and black patent leather slippers.
Her brown hair was braided in pig
tails with big, bunchy pink bows hiding
her ears and she had blue eyes.
“I suppose you’re expecting Vir
ginia," she said, in the friendliest fash
ion possible. “Well, she couldn’t come.
She’s gone to be bridesmaid up at
Elaine Farrell's wedding, because
Anne got sick and couldn’t. You are
the right ones, aren't you? Which Is
Tommy? I’ve heard your mother and
your grandmother talk so much about
you. I guess I Just know everything
that's ever happened to you ever since
you were born.”
“How did you know about me?"
asked Steve, wistfully. "You’re leav
ing me out."
“Well," she replied as between them
she tripped to the taxi, “Virginia
was telling about you. She says she
knew your big brother when he went
to the Jussand Military school up
where we live. That’s about five years
“He’s my younger brother," said
Steve gravely. “I’m twenty-five."
“Really? You don't look It. Vir
glna's nineteen. I’m thirteen. I'm tall
for my age, don't you think so? Every
body takes me for fifteen. I didn't tell
you my name, did I? Guess!"
"Gwendolen," said Tom hopefully.
“Agnes. Evangeline, Beatrice, Barbara.
“Oh, dear, no. It's Just Betty," she
chuckled. “Is this our taxi?”
It was, Steve thought with relief. All
the way to the Pennsylvania she kept
up a running fire of questions, and
finally made them promise on her way
home they would meet her. and give
her a spaghetti dinner.
"Right up In your most special, se
cret place,” she urged, last of all.
"Good-by. I'll tell Virginia how nice
you were. She’ll want to know which
is the nicer, but I don't know myself.
•“The little flirt," gasped Tom. “Is
there anything she missed?"
“I'm engaged,” answered Steve sol
emnly. “Pve got her sliver pencil to
mend and a snapshot of her, anil she’s
going to send me a box of walnut fudge
every Saturday. I think she's a honey.
You can keep your lofty, golden-haired
Letters came from Betty every other
day, all to Steve. Likewise the box of
fudge. And he answered all loyally
and sent back huge boxes of marsh
mallow creams and Turkish pnste tied
In pink satin ribbon. Also he sent out
hla folding kodak that had seen serv
ice abroad, and various other things.
”1 want to,” he said, In answer to
Tom's teasing. “I never had a kid sis
ter, and she's a honey. It takes my
mind off my troubles. Let me alone."
Then eaine a sudden visit from Ted.
the younger brother. Certainly he knew
the Dale family up at Tuckahoe, he
told them, while Steve listened, wide
eyed. Virginia was the finest girl ever
“I like her sister," said Steve
“She hasn't any sister,” Ted retorted
"Named Betty?”
“No Betties. Virginia’s the one and
"Blonde?" queried Tom eagerly.
“No. Brown haired. Dimples, blue
ayes, little bit of a girl.”
The two stared at each other, and
Torn grinned aggressively. Bat Etave
was a shade paler and there was a de
termined look in his eyes. He bad a
date on Long Island, ft appeared, an
Immediate one. Tom called to him as
he left them to take out some Turkish
paste with him and a kiddle car for
And when he faced her In the cool
living room at her chum’s house not
one bit did Virginia back down from
her stand, only in her blue linen dress
she looked fully eighteen, and only her
eyes and dimples gave her away.
“I Just did It for a joke,, and because
Molly, your sister, said I never could
put It over. We went to school to
gether. And at commencement last
week you didn't Come up, you know,
and I'd liked your picture so much, and
I did want to see you so Molly and I ar
ranged It with Tommy’s mother. She’s
a dear, and well, It did work out, didn’t
"I suppose Molly told you a lot of
stuff nbout me?”
"No," honestly meeting his eyes,
“only that you’d been 'over there’ so
long that you needed some one to cheer
you up and make you take an Interest
In life. Did—did you like the fudge?"
“Loved It,” he answered, earnestly.
“We'll have spaghetti tonight. If you
like, and supply even a chaperon if
you'll come up."
But she shook her head.
"1 can’t, but —but you know the way
out now, don't you? You might give
me back my pencil now and the snap
Steve smiled.
"Maybe you think I don't know when
I'm engaged,” he answered. “There’s
no comeback. You're going to make
good on all that Betty promised me.”
Canadian Engineers Unearth Site ef
Falle Once ae Great ae These
ef the Present.
A dead and burled Niagara, its thun
ders stilled for countless ages, once
perhaps as great in height and vol
ume of water as the present falls, has
been unearthed by excavations made
In the course of the new Welland ship
canal near Tborold in southern
No memories of this lost Niagara
linger even in aboriginal tradition.
When it existed or when it ceased to
exist has not even been conjectured.
It may have been thundering In pri
meval solitudes befors the age of man.
The mastodon and the pterodactyl
may have pastured upon Its brink.
Giant-winged lizards may have sailed
above Its clouds of rainbow vapors.
The engineers who partly uncovered
It believe It was the original Niagara
marking the course of a paleolithic
river that connected Lake Erie and
Lake Ontario. Some mighty prehis
toric cataclysm, it is supposed, di
verted the course of the stream and
burled the falls and the old river )>ed
level with the surrounding country.
"Canada's greatest asset today is its
land.” said one of the canal engineers.
“It is the ‘bread basket' of the empire.
Its greatest development In the next
few years will come from the settlers
swarming In to make homes on Its
vast uncultivated areas. But If this
ancient source of water power had re
mained In existence and wholly on
Canadian soil. It might have advanced
the clock of Canada's Industrial des
tiny a century or so. Canada then
would not have to share Its wealth
producing energy with the United
States nnd the nation might be today
one of the great manufacturing cen
ters of the world, which the develop
ment of Its other wonderful water
power resources eventually will make
The edge of the cataract so far un
covered begins at the eastern abut
ment of the Niagara. St. Catherines
nnd Toronto railway's new bridge
near Tborold and extends In a south
westerly direction for 400 feet. The
ledge continues under the earth for an
unknown distance beyond the point at
which the excavation ends.
What Is supposed to have been the
first fall is In the form of steps, with
a total drop of 25 feet. Below It the
excavation has revealed a precipice,
but to what depth this wall of perpen
dicular rock sinks Into the earth has
not yet been determined. This ledge
Is believed to mark the main plunge
of the ancient cataract.
The eastern abutment of the rail
way bridge has been built on the edge
of the steps down which the old river
once shot In foaming cascades. Ths
central abutment, 78 feet away, went
to a depth of 75 feet before striking,
rock. This rock sloped at a sharp an
gle nnd evidently had been worn
smooth hy the rush of torrents through
unnumbered years.
The grave of this bnrled Niagara Is
half a mile from the escarpment of
the present Canadian falls. A deep,
ranyonllke valley, through which the
ship canal passes where Eight-Mile
creek once meandered on Its way to
Lake Ontario, Is believed to have been
the bed of the prehistoric river which
furnished the waters of the giant falls
their outlet to the sea.
To Vignette a Photograph.
A simple way to obtain a vignette
effect, without a mask made for the
purpose, Is as follows: Expose the
peper as usual, wet it In clean water,
and flatten ngainst a piece of glass,
with coated side ont Touch the fin
gers In the developing solution and
gently rub the paper in the center.
Ae the form of the picture looms op,
the fingers should follow the outllnee
of thet part which le desired to show
up The fact that the paper Is wet
will make the edges of the developed
field diffuse. When folly developed
ae desired, wash In water and pat In
the hypo bath.—Popular Mechaalas
Closing the Story of Winter Coats
Styles in winter coats, launched ut
che beginning of the winter season,
proved so altogether satisfactory that
there has been no need for the intro
duction of new departures in them.
Manufacturers had only to feature
wnd emphasize the points that appeal
ed with such success to the buying
public, as they turned out new exam
ples of established modes. Using the
softest of thick and pliable materials
they have exaggerated the big muf
fler collars, the roomy sleeves and the
general ample appearance of the top
coat of the early season. In everything
(but price) the coatß of today suit the
smartly dressed woman down to the
laut detail. She grumbles at the un
heard of prices—but she pays them.
The story of winter coats draws to
a close with the Introduction of Inter
esting new ways of putting them to
gether; tricks of cutting and shaping
the sleeves or of adding decorations
that are unusual, or varying the shape
of the huge collars. The two handsome
models pictured bring out these points
Resort Hats Do Their Turn
There Is a continuous performance in
)he drama of millinery, and now the
headliner is due to appear. Resort
hats are nbout to enter and to take the
center of the stage, eclipsing the gay
company of dance nnd theater lints
that preceded them. Never have they
arrived in such force or such variety
before—for at least half the world
appears to he going a-tourlng, bear
ing with It the most beautiful millin
ery that money, spent recklessly,' will
buy. The genius of designers blos
soms Into Its loveliest creations In
these resort hats. They are made for
people who are discriminating and ap
preciative, to whom price means lit
tle, but style nnd distinction every
thing, nnd they set the pnee for spring
—in several lines. For the term In
cludes several classes of lints, with
street nnd sports hats holding first
pine* among them and fragile, short
lived hut lovely dress hats flashing Into
and ont of existence In n brief but
glorious career. Some of these leave
a trace In the styles that follow for
spring and summer, while the street
nnd sports hats Just about decide this
matter of styles.
In the group shown above, n sports
bat, two dress hats nnd one that will
serve for various occasions offer an
allnrlng variety for the consideration
of the younger tourists. Row on row
of very narrow ribbon with n plcot
edge covers the sports hat nt the
top of the picture. Its broad brim, faced
In coats of approved materials made up
on approved lines. But the coat at the
left reveals a yoke and sleeves cut In
one piece and a muffler collar that la
shaped differently from the original
and much-copied model. It Is made of
sllvertone, with big patch pockets and
depends upon narrow braid and but
tons for a striking embellishment. It
seems like painting the Illy to add any
adorment to a cloth so rich —but It la
done, byway of variety.
In the handsome coat at the right
the outlines are much the same as
those in the coat of sllvertone, but
the designer pursued a different path
to arrive at tlie same goal. Uncut Bo
livia Is the cloth used and the sleeves
are covered by a braided pattern that
enriches even this luxurious raaterlaL
The most voluminous of all muffler
collars snuggles up nbout the throat
and a narrow belt of the fabric draws
attention to the fact that there is
such a thing as a waistline, without
getting very near to It.
wltn a cross-bar pattern In crepe, as
sumes the responsibility of standing
betwen the sun and the face of Its
wearer. Many huts, similar In shape,
are made of organdy In light colors,
and there Is a fad for angora embroid
ery on these dainty uffatrs.
The large and picturesque hat at the
left nppears to be mndc of plaited
faille silk with plain facing of georg
ette crepe. It can be Imnglned In
any of the favorite colors, as orchid,
pink, ecru, blue—making n back
ground for the bouquet of small wild
flowers tied with narrow ribbon that
rests at the right side. Opposite It a
wide-brimmed hat of net has n crown
almost covered with roses posed lint
against It and many rose petals part
ly cover the brim. The small bat at
the bottom appears to be covered with
crepe, although there are several fab
rics at hand for the milliner that
could he used ns effectively. Its
wreath of large silk panales, without
much nttempt nt helng true to life,
complete a very unusual and beautiful
hat. Uuusunl nnd beautiful—these
nre the most desired of all things In
resort hats. They give a zest to the
parade which passes In unending va
riety along the patha that lead through
sunny lands.

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