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THE PUEBLO CHIEFTAIN
ESTABLISHED 1808 Published Every Morning In the Year By THE CHIEFTAIN PRINTING COMPANY G. G. WITHERS. President and Business Manager WALTER LAWSON WILDER, Editor volv mi: Tax xTx. no. TT Entered as Second Class Matter at the I’ostoffice ut Pueblo, Colorado Enemies of World Peace Tlie current number of the News Letter oP the so called Friends of Irish Freedom is devoted almost wholly to bitter attacks upon the Peace conference at Washing ton. It is perfectly plain tlint this organization, and its supporters whoever they may be, have no regard for the interests of the Irish people, and no concern for t!:e wel fare of the United State.'. Its sole animating spirit is a bitter and desperate hatred of England and everything that has any connection with England. It would rather that the United State* be plunged in eternal war and Ireland ravaged to the point of extermination of her people, than approve any thing that would he in any way to England’s benefit. It is well for the American people to know that such an organization exists, and it would be profitable for congress to ascertain whether its sources of financial sup port have eonne ti'Mis with foreign governments or peoples not direct 1\ connected with the Irish quarrel. Cuban Sugar and Home Industry Tin* eternal conflict between tropic sugar planters and the sugar producers of the United States is now raging with extraordinary violence in connection with 1 lie discussion of the new tariff law. Naturally enough, those persons wHo are interested financially in the controversy, on one side or the other, present only the arguments for that «ide, and the public generally accepts these arguments in accordance with preconceived opinion*. It is a fact that under ordinary conditions sugar can be produced in the West Indian Islands much cheap er than it can he produced, either in the Gulf states of this country or in the sugar beet fields of the northern and western state- If the desire of the people is to get sugar next year at the lowest possible price, Cuban sugar should he admitted to the United States without duty or at a very low duty. But this is very far from being all that is to be considered. The opening of the American market to Cnban augar undoubtedly means the destruction of the American sugar industry. Louisiana cannot compete with tuba in producing sugar cane, and Colorado and the other beet sugar state* cannot compete with Cuba. Yet the production of sugar is one of the funda mental industries of broad national prosperity. Solat ia one of the vital ncce**‘ ties of civilized existence. A ration like the United States should not be dependent upon a foreign and an uncertain source of supply for «uch r necessity. History plainly teaches that the sup ply of grigs r from the tropical islands i« likely to be in terrupted by war, by tempests, by commercial disturban UNCLE SIM AND THE SUMP COLLECTOR By Frederic J. Haaktn. Washington. P. C., Pec. 20.—Stamp enthusiasts alt over the country are responding with promptness to Post master General Hays' announcement that the Post Office Deportment haa established .» stamp agency and haa Certain stamps for sale Nearly 100 letters n day are being re ceived from collectors who wish to buy stamps hut a surprising number Indicate that the government's new venture is not altogether understood Some think that the government is telling obsolete nnd rare stamps. They **k i-aaually for such valuable old is * :e* as those of the elghteen-alxtlc* As a matter of fart, the Government agency :« celling at prcecnt only the following three rent Victory stamps, all denominations of the Pilgrim Terrrntcnnm Issues, airplane stamp*, s «rna'l quantity of special delivery ■tamp* with a pink back, and the ordinary current Issues The only place from which the gov ernment stamp agency «nn get Its ■ tnck to sell to collectors is from the postoffl'-e* of the country. In the past, anyone who wrote to the PostofTlce Department to buy stamps for a collec tion was referred to his postofflce. nnd told that If hi« local postmaster did not have the particular kind desired, per haps some other postmaster would Following this suggest lop often meant . wild goose chase for the collector Perhaps some Utile country postofflce might still hnve a few of the desired ■ lamps But the rhnn-e* of striking NOOZIE ccs, by political upheavals, anti other causes, and a na tion dependant upon foreign sugar is at any time liable to be deprived of ijs supply or to pay an exorbitant or an extortionate price-for sugar. It has been also fully demonstrated that the growing of sugar heels and the making of beet sugar constitute a most desirable industry, holding close relations with other parts of a well-balanced system of national industries, and that they supply important incidental benefits both in agricultural, stock growing and manufacturing lines. It would he a colossal mistake, therefore, for con gress to adopt such tariff rates on sugar us would permit |Jte destruction of the American sugar industry. For this industry serves an important national need and pur pose, nnd it is a- vital element in the prosperity of some American states. It has been established by prolonged effort, as the result of heavy investments, and it has served a most important national need. Once departed it could not be restored without long continued effort and vast expenditures. Under present conditions, however, the need for sugar is greatei than can he supplied by American beet and cane growers. An additional supply is needed, and Cuba is the logical source of that supply. The tariff on sugar should not be fixed in such away ns to shut out Cuban sugar altogether, but if'should be at. such a level ns to protect American growers nnd manufacturers, and tints to protect the nation. The cost of such protection is money well spent. When the socialist say* that labor produces all wealth and therefore labor is entitled to all the produce of labor, he moans something quite different from what lie says. No socialist, theoretical or practical really wants the laborer to have whip, that laborer produces. What he has in mind, in a hazy way, is that the total production of all laborers shall ba disposed of for the benefit of laborers exclusively, in such away that each laborer shall receive all that lie needs or desires of the products of- other laborers. It is obvious that if the ton] miner receives nothing but coal, which is all that his labor produces, or if the railroad ntntt receives nothing but his own product, which i* transportation, he ran neither exist upon or profit by the product of his labor. And the same thing is true as to the class of coni miners, or the class of railroad men a* a whole. The product of their labor must be ex changed for the products of other men's labor. This process of exchange in barbarous countries is a simple matter of barter, but among civilized peoples it becomes ail extremely complicated business involving transportation, banking and nil the varied details of wholesale and retail commerce. And unless this process of exchange is successfully operated, regularly and contin uously, it is useless for labor to continue production. Goal miners will not continue to dig coal in order to pile coal at the month of the mine. Railroad nten will not con tinue to operate train* unless, they receive something clrc than transportation as the reward of then* toil. Soviet Russia illustrates the truth of these state ment*. There indeed labor produces ell the wealth that is produced, and in theory n£ least every man receives what be produces. But the entire system of exchange is paralyzed, and the laborers starve. these caches were about even with tho»e of digging up hurled treasure. Now. the Poctofflce Department is getting stamps, such as the Pilgrim T-r-entenary lavue*. from the postof flvss. nnd will sell them direct to stamp collcctora. Poatmasters have h*cu requested to report any dlacon tln ted Issues of postage stamps which remain in stock Rut up to the pres ent time only those kinds which we i have mentioned as now being sold have , been reported j Another point of misunderstanding is that the Postofflce Department Is set ting up a commercial stamp agency I One man wrote to know If he could j represent the department In Phlla | delphia to buy nnd sell stamps for It there. POSTOFFICE DOES NOT BUY STAMPS The fart Is the department Is not buying stamps at all. and It ts selling them only at their face value. -It is written Into the poatnl regulations that no employe in the postal service may buy or se’l stamp* nt more than their original sab- price. Other people have thought that the government philatelic agency would he disposing of freak Issue*, such «* the nlrplanc sheet that was printed | with the design upside down, or tho famous Issue of two cent stamps with several fl\os on the sheet. 'I here are great rnrttie*. and bring prices which only n •-■tamp collector •an understand. The 24-rent airplanes have a border of red and the airplane in the center of bln. By a mistake which will probably always remain a ' mystery, on one single sheet of stnmn* I the airplane design was put in upside down. ! The Bureau of Engraving was Itself j turned upside down in \am attempts |to find out how the catastrophe oc curred. Philatelists, however, rejoiced <>ne Congressman who has three of ; these stamps recently refuhed M.. 700 apiece for them i The plate of twos on which the lives I occur was also cine to some mvstrr lolls mlstoke Perhaps the engraver i ab«ent-ntindedl> took up a die marked five cents thinking it was the masted die for the t wo-cent sheet. No one knows. And no one knows Just how many sheet* were printed. Bu ‘ we are fold that one «>f them might bring 13*9- It j* because such accidents nr« rare - almost unheard of that tho mis printed • •imps nr* r-o highly ’ -ilucd by collect or r The Postofflce Depart - I m-nt says emphatically that it has; pone of these rarities for sale r»ne collector suggested that the de partment might render :i service If It would gef sonie of the Shanghai over printed stomps. The Conference on l.imitation of Armaments plana to abolish the postofflres which the l'nlted States nnd some other countries have In China These stamp* of out offlce at Shanghai will probably raise In value In the collector's estimation thru this move, since no more will be printed when the postofflce |s closed. THi: CHINESE STAMPS Theso Shanghai stamp* arc ordinary I'ruled Static • iln P* except ibr i over • vch one Is printed "Shanghai, china," THE PUEBLO CHIEFTAIN Labor and Wealth nrul the price In local currency which In each ru* la double tho face value. Thu* tho two cent stamp Is overprinted four cents Anyone wishing to buy stomps with American currency at the Shanghai, China, postofflce In gl .*, i the ordinary American stamp. That the Postoffjco Department will send for any of these Shanghai stamps for It* postage stamp agenev to-*HI in extremely doubtful. There Is » regu lation that they may not be sold I>\ th.- departm-nt except for the local money current in Shanghai, known its "Mexican." The PostofTlce Department has been directing collectors who desire to buy the*, stump* to send « domestic money order to the I nlted States postal agent. Shanghai. Hr convert* *the order Into .oc.«i currency, nnd makes the pur chase To *••!! the.*,, stamps in .he l'nlted States would need a special order of some sort, nnd none 1* con templated at present Considering all the things it Is not established to do. people who have nc'. r collect's! stamps 'night not see bow the g.o.rnment stamp agency is going the collectors a special service by selling them ordinary current stamps and a very few recent Issue*. The Important point is that not all two-rent stamp* look alike to tho ex pert Tin stamp with perforations running Into th. pink design m»v le all right to put on a letter, but it Nn't u collector's Ideal of *»-mp beauty. He want* a stamp that has a weal margin of white around It when it i* torn off the *hect Ho particularly hue* to see the perforations form a in »!:••• o ern** where they Intersect be tween four stamps Stamps with this • rn margin he calls w ell-centered. Collectors who go up to the poet office stamp window and ask for stamps arc often given badly-centered specimens. Generally the clerk has no tiuie to hunt for perfect copies. This is one of the things that the stamp agency i* going to do. In selling to col !• etors the ordinary current Issues, it aim* to sell well-centered and well perforated specimens. "IN DAY'S NEWS" i Half a century In th* Roman Catho | lie priesthood Is the record that will be rounded out today by the Rt. Rev. Th'eophll* Meerschaert. bishop of the 1 Oklahoma dlo-cse The bishop, win. i non in hi* sevrnty-f|flh year, was born lln Belgium and received bis early edu cation In the College, of Renalx In his native land. Ills theological studies were completed nl celebrated American College of Louvain, where fifty years :ien today h n entered into holy orders. The following year he enme to America and was given charge of n. parish at Nat chest. Miss. During the yellow fever epidemic of 1575 he performed heroin *• rvlce in nursing the **ck. until he himself was stricken with the disease. In 18-7 be was appointed vicar-general <>f tb*- Natchez diocese nnd continued to o>rvr in Hint capacity until I*9l. when be was mad" first \i -nr a|*o*toli« of tbs Indinn Territory In 1905 ho was made bishop of Oklahoma. Horoscope •Til* Man IwitMi Sat Da flat Caiaftl* FRIDAY, DECEMBER 23. 1921 (Copyright. 1921, by Tho McClure Newspaper Syndicate.) Astrologers read this as a doubtful day. While Neptune, Jupiter nnd Venus are in benefle aspect, Mars and Uranus are adverse." Merchants should benefit from the sway of Jupiter and Venus, which should assure them a large volume of trade. Jewelers should profit greatly from this aspect which encourages the buy ing of gems and precious metajs. There 1* an auspicious sign for the sale of women’s wear of every descrip tion. Furs and rich fabrics are under a di rection of tho stars that Is held to make them especially alluring. This is a wedding day read as lucky, so far as the prosperity of the bride and bridegroom Is concerned, but they should avoid quarrels as they will be uartlcularly unfortunate. Entertainments of the lighter sort are well directed and there is an especially auspicious sign for dancing, which is to be, if possible, more popu lar than ever. New forms of amusement are fore shadowed and th*re will be widespread interest in a novel form of entertain ment. „ t'ollege students and all young per sons should benefit during this gov ernment of the stars which pressages gifts. • favors and many pleasures. Mars and Uragus are in aspect that *errn to indicate some sort of violence that will arouse the people. Dissensions of every sort may be serious under this rule, which leads to "xtrrmo bitterness. Chicago is to gain precedence a* a musical center and a city In which there is a movement that encourages all the arts. Persons whose birthdate It is have the forecast of an active year. There should be much happiness in tho do mestic circle. Children born on this day may have many talents that may be wisely used. These subjects of Capricorn usually prosper and many become very wealthy*. TODAY'S EVENTS Friday and the Twenty-third is her* today, so watch your step. Rt. Rev. J. J. Ryan* Catholic bishop of Alton. 111., today completes 50 years in the priesthood. Rt. Rev! Theophlle Meerschaert. head of the Catholic diocese of Oklahoma, also observes the golden Jubilee of his ordination today. One hundred and fifty years ago to day died Mother d'Youvillc. the foun dress of the Grey Nuns (Sisters of Charity) In t’anada. Special trains will be run by many American railroads today carrying homeward-bound students on holiday leave, from school and college. Indianapolis is to open bids today for a |1 .€OO.OOO bond isetie to finance the project for a great war memorial plaaa which it is proposed to construct In that «*t,y. The Army and Navy club of Oltlcago, of which Major General Wood Is president, will formally open Its mag nificent new clubhouse In Shoro Drive today. Organisation of the Worker* Party of Amerlcn Is the aim «»r a convontlort called to assemble In New York City today by the American l,abor Alliance and the Workers’ Council of the United States. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS (And reader ran get tbe an swer to any question by writing The Chieftain Information Bu reau. Frederick J. .Haaktn, Di rector, Washington. D. C. This offer applies strictly to informa tion. Tlie Bureau cannot giro advice on legal, medical, and financial matters. It doe* not attempt to nettle domestic trou bles, nor to undertake exhaus tive research on any subject. Write yuor question plainly and briefly. Cairo full name and ad drew* and enclose two cents In stantpn for return postage. All replies are sent direct to the in quirer.) Q. What Is used to enamel cop per wire? J. A. S. A. Copper wire Is taken through a bath of enamel made especially for wire nnd baked on. Q. How did the English ocquira the Rock of Gibraltar? F. F. F. A. The Rock of Gibraltar was cap tured by combined Dutch and English force*. July 24. 1701. nnd ceded Great Britain by the Treaty of Ut recht in 1713. Spain set out to re* capture It In 1779. and a sleg.- lasting thren yenrs. seven months. twelve days followed. The British with stood the *-|eg«* successfully and tint Pence of 1783 secured the Hock to Great Britain. Q. What is Bob veal? A <l. T. A. Bob veal Is the flesh of n calf le*s than one month n|«l. It is very Indigestible nnd Its sale |* illegal. C}. What is the record parachute drop, nnd how long did It take? B. D. L. A. The record Is claimed by Rcrgt. Kuril Chambers, f. S A . who drop ped approximately 22.000 f«ct dur ing the American Legion Con vention at Kansas City. The nseont in an army plane took one hour and n half nnd the descent took is min ute*. •j. What is the base pay of naval officer*” 11. F A. Base rate* of pay for naval officers vary from 11.700 for ensign to SB,OOO for rear admiral In ernde.* of captain and commander there Is on addition of |0 pa,- rapt for each five >ears up to T?» years and in grade* of lieutenant commander *e ensign an addition of 10 per emit each five years up to 20 years. He* pay Is 10 per cent more than shore pay. The temporary Increase act gives captains in the navy nn addi tional s«on. lieutenant commanders. lieutenants. $720. lieutenants (J g.). sfioo; ensigns. $l2O per year additional until June no. 1922. The officers also have allowance* for quarters, heat nnd light, varying ac cording to grn.de of officer. Q. I low many births nnd deaths nre there in tlie United States In n year? P. G. J. A. In 1920. In the registration area, there wer* 1.£98.87 1 birth* nnd 1.14 2.558 deaths. , Were the continent* of Europe FASHION HINT In accordance to the request of many readers, The Chieftain has re sumed the fashion service which proved so popular. We have made ar rangements with the Beauty Pattern company of New York tq supply the patterns to our readers and to run In The Chieftain illustrations of the lat est and most convenlerA styles. These are of special interest and advantage to the home dressmaker. Orders for these patterns may be sent direct to The Chieftain olfice, but the patterns will be sent from the pattern com pany direct to the person ordering them. A PRETTY NEGrTrGEB Tattern 3739 was used for this pleas ing model. It is cut in 4 sizes: Small, 34-36: Medium. 38-40 »nches bust meas ure. A Medium size will require 5 5-8 yards of 36 inch material. For sack inngth 4 7-8 yards will be required. j A pattern of this illustration mail ed to any address on receipt of 10c in silver or stamps. 4M44444444444*Mt4M44444 ♦ No .. Size ♦ ♦ ♦ 4- Name ♦ ♦ ♦ 4 Street No 4 + 4 ♦ City ♦ MM M M ♦♦♦»»♦♦♦♦♦ M ttt TODAY’S BIRTHDAYS I»r. Gustav Ador. former president of the Swiss Confederation and head of the international committee of tho Rod Cross, born 78 years ago today. Giacomo Puccini. composer or "Madame Butterfly” and other popular operas, born In Lucca. Italy. 63 years ago today. mitrlu T. Meredith, who was Feere tarv of Agriculture In the Wilson cab inet. born at Avoca, lowa. 45 years ago 1 oScar S. Strauss, eminent New York merchant, philanthropist, and former cabinet officer, born In Georgia, u years ago today. and Asia named for women In mythology? L. N. E. A. The continents of Europe and Asia were not named after women. The word "Asia” is derived from the Semitic stem “aett" meaning "to go out'* used in connection with the rising of the sun. •'Europe'* Is de rived from the Semitic "crVb” moan ing "darkness.” Q. Is the number of deaths from tuberculosis Increasing or decreas ing? E. L. A. The census bureau says there has been n marked decrease In the number of deaths from tuberculosis. In 1919 the ‘death rate rroni this cause wn" 125.6 per 100.000; while in 1920 the rate had declined to 114.2 per 100,000. I>ld Robert E. I/ee and Ulysses SPENDS 15 YEARS SOLVING MYSTERY OF A DEAD RACE Dr. Sy Ivanna Griswold Morley. Dr. Sylvanus Griswold Morley has been working for 15 year* in the jungles of Central America on the riddle of tho hieroglyphics of tho Mayas, tho most remark able aboriginal people of the Amer ican continent FRIDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1921.—1 HAVE YOU RECEIVED YOUR XMAS CARD FROM THE KING OR QUEEN OF ENGLAND? Esteemed friends of tho queen of England and the other members of the royal family receiving their annual Christmas cards from the royal palace. Above is shown the card painted for King George to send to his friends. It shows King Richard of England and Phillip of France setting up their standards in Acre, which town sur rendered in 1191 after a two-year siege by the united forces of the Crusaders in Palestine: The card was painted by Howard Davie and ia reproduced by courtesy of Raphael Tuck & Sons, Lt. S. Grant attend West Point at the same time? A. V. A. Those generals were not In school together. Robert E. Leo was graduated from West Point In 1829 and t.’uysscs fc>. Grant in 1843. Q. Is there any way to make lard 1 fresh which has become rancid? C. 1 C. S. i A. To renov&to lard that has be- I come rancid, it should bo rendered over again, placing pieces <>f raw potato i»i the vessel, which will tend to absorb the rancid taste. ONE YEAH AGO TODAY. T*. F. House of Representatives pass ed pension bill for $265.5^0,000. Lloyd-George suggested that British army and navy estimates he cut one half. The Fat Man’s, club, of Paris, now has flfty-eight members. Inohidipg 'three women. Members must weigh at least 200 pounds, mid the president Ups the beam at 29". Shop Here "Something Electrical Will She Admit It? WILL SHE? Just give your wife a Hoover Sweeper this Christmas and see how much she admires it. Sho’ll admire you. too. for your sensible choice—and more —because your gift says that you don't, want to seo her breaking her hack with old fashioned methods of sweeping, heating -nd clean ing fll "R. We will ratisfy you that mechanical construction is right and will make it easy for yon to buy. Let us help you select Electrical Gifts for Christmas. Telephone 1848 The Arkansas Valley Railway Light & Power Company Electric Bldg. Ist & Main PAGE NINE TODAY’S ANNIVERSARIES 1783 —Washington surrendered bln com- Missiou lo Congress, in session a‘- A n nu polls. ISos—Joseph Smith, founder of the Mormon church, born at Sharon, N't. Died at Carthage, 111., Juno 27. 1844. 1830—-First lodge of Odd Fellows in Ohio instituted in Cincinnati. ISl6 —Santa Anna was elected provis ional president of Mexico. 1851 — Elaborate ceremonies were held in both Chicago n:ia Cnlro at the breaking of grotittf* ror the con- Struct lon of the Illinois Central railroad. 1875—Prince of Wales (Edward VTT.) visited Calcutta. 1879 A British force under Generals Roberts and trough defeated au army of 25,ih*0 .Afghans. 1897 French parliament passed a bill f.>r tlu* annexation of Tahiti. Chieftain want ads. brin* results.