Newspaper Page Text
[ —THURSDAY, JANUARY 5, 1922
PAGE FOUR THE PUEBLO CHIEFTAIN ESTABLISHED ISGS Published Every Morning In the Year By THE CHIEFTAIN PRINTING COMPANY G. G. WITHERS, president and Business Manager WALTER LAWSON WILDER, Editor VOLUME LXXXIX. No. 237 _ Entered as Second Class -Matter at the Postoftice at Pueblo, Colorado This Strike and the Other One The strike in the southern Colorado coal fields drags toward its inevitable end. Every one sees now what they should have seen long ago, for this strike never had any prospect or chance of success. It should never have been called in the first place, but once called it should have been called off as soon as the first few days made it perfectly plain that there was no chance of its success, that reduction of wages against which the strike was made was reasonable and necessary, and that the great majority of the coal miners themselves were not in favor of the strike. The facts here mentioned account in large measure for the differences between this strike and the other strike in the southern Colorado coni fields that brought unmeasured disgrace upon the good name of the state and irreparable injury upon its business interests. To day the state of Colorado has the instruments for enforc ing industrial peace against those who find their profit in strife and disorder. The industrial commisson has the authority to investigate such controversies and to make public its findings. The state rangers are immeasurably better than the state guardsmen for enforcing order and preventing crimes against life and property in the dis turbed districts. The lesson that lies in the comparison of these two strikes should jK*t be overlooked by the people of Colo rado, for they have it easily within their power to de termine whether the laws shall be enforced, life and property held secure, and the authority of the state gov ernment shalf be respected, or whether controversies be tween large corporations on one side and international or national labor unions on the other shall be mode an oc casion for private war with all the attendant evils of fcuch a war. If the people of Colorado prefer the present method of handling strike conditions to those that resulted iu the so-called massacre of Ludlow, they should give their support to the present industrial commission, and to the low by which that commission is established; they should insist upon the retention of the state rangers as a per manent part of the machinery of government, and they should elect to office as state officials only men who are known to be favorable to the maintenance of law and order and who are willing to use the forces of government for the purpose for which government is established. The Woman’s Party The Chieftain is in receipt of a circular letter from an organization that calls itself the National Woman’s party, with headquarters in Washington, D. C. The let ter outlines an extensive and ambitious program centered upon a constitutional amendment to enforce political, civil and legal equality for women, and invites a discus sion of the proposition in these columns. The Chieftain is unable to see why there should be a QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS (And readei can get tto« an ■wer to any Question by writing The Chieftain Information Bu reau. Frederick J. Haskln, Di rector. Washington. D. C. This offer applies strictly to informa tion. The Bureau cannot iid«ice on local, medical, and financial matters. It doc« not attempt to settle domestic trou bles. nor to undertake exhaus tive research on any subject. Write yuor question plainly and briefly. Give full name and ad dress and enclose two corns In ■tamps for return postage. All replies are sent direct to the in quirer.) Q. Ts It possible to telephone from a moving train? C. W. «' A. Telephoning from n. movi*- train is possible. A demonstration of what Is known ns the carrier current system -T communication was given nt Behenectady on De cember 1. These tests were the culmination of development work of & period extending over 10 years, fol lowed by practical tests made on the Chicago. Milwaukee and St. Paul railroad, where Communication was err- t. -i peeda op to miles an hour. Q Why was mustard gas so called? C. TI. O. NOOZIE Woman's party in the United States any more than a Man's Party, and the Chieftain is not in favor of the proposed amendment to the constitution. In Colorado women have political, civil and legal equality- with men. They have that equality be cause they are competent for that status of equality, and because neither tho inen nor the women of this state see or know any reason why there should be inequality in such matters. The degree to which Colo* j rado women exercise their political rights, and tlie man ner of their political activities is a matter that concerns them alone and the men of Colorado are not concerned with it any more than they arc concerned with their own political acts. In some other states public opinion is. not as far ad vanced as it is in Colorado, and in those states women do not have political, civil and legal equality. That is not a matter that concerns the men and women of Colo rado. This state would rightfuly resent an attempt on the part of the citizens of Alabama or Massachusetts to dictate to us in any such a matter, and there is no good reason, why the people of Colorado or their senators and representatives in congress should tell the people of an eastern or southern state what they shall do. The Chieftain hopes that Colorado Congressmen will vote against any such amendment, fox; it is certain thnt if this state aids in breaking down home rule and state rights this time, at a later time it will be our own rights that will he infringed and our own decisions that will be despised. The year 1922 promises to be to an unusual degree a year of adventure. For many men and also for many women the years of the world war brought a disturbance of all the things that had made up their ordinary life. They saw new things far beyond the range what they had expected to see, they had new experiences and they ac quired knowledge of kinds that would never have come to them if they had not been shaken out of their normal courses by the world’s greatest storm. Coming back to the familiar scenes and routine of peaceful life many of these men and women found them selves no longer satisfied with what they were once con tented to accept. They had gained a wider view of lifo and its affairs, and they desired to use to their own advantage the lessons they had learned. So it happens that this is a period of unrest, of change and of turmoil. Not since the period following that other great war, nearly sixty years ago, has there been such a spirit of adventure, such a desire for the new and the unfamiliar. That period of tho sixties the time of the great western development in the region immediately to the west of the Missouri. This period promises to ho the time of rapid advancement in the region that lies between the region of the plains and the new great states of the Pacific coast. California had its turn in the decade from 1910 to 1920;. and from present appearances the next ten years trill show a great development in that region where undeveloped natural resources are greatest iu proportion to scanty population. Between Pueblo and southern Colorado there lies the region that offers most to the adventurers of today. The development of tlfcit region means much to Pueblo, and this city, secure in its geographical location and its vast and varied resources cannot fail to profit hv the growth and prosperity that ia assumed for all the states of the new southwest. A. Mustard gas was given the name because It has a mustard-llke odor. It is said that some of the French mustard gas smells more like garlic than mustard. Q. Where are most of the wood pulp mills In this country? I. J. A. New York state has more wood pulp mills than any of the other states Wisconsin Is second and Maine third Others are scattered along the At lantic coast states and along the Great Ivokes. A few mills are found In tho states bordering on the Pacific ocean. Q. What does O. N. T. mean on tho labels on thread? J. I». A. The letters O. X. T. on Clark's thread stand for "our new thread ” Q. How can hair ho taken off a hide? E. L. T. A. Milk lime Is used for da hairing hides. This takes from ten days to two weeks. Blake a quart of fresh ly burnt lime (In small pieces) w ith ** quart of water. Mix l pint of this hydrate of lime with S quarts of water. Q. What is the cause of creosote forming in a chimney? Can * •• sug gest a remedy? Q. P. r,. A. The burning of green wood causes creosote to form In the chimney A simple remedy for this Is to place a piece of zinc on the fire. Q. Why does the grain of a tree turir from right to left? F. L>. O. A. Tho Forest Service says It 1« very unusual for tho grain of e tree to turn from right to left. Most trees grown under average conditions have. th« grain straight up and down. Q. Does it take more power to run a one-horso electric motor than It does for two half-horsepower motors’’ It. K. M. A. Less power is required to run a I electric motor th»n for two I hnlf-horsepnwer motors. The creator ♦h*» horsepower the greater the ef fV «ncv of the motor. Q. Are the government railroads In 1 Alaska operated the year round? Arc there snv openings there? F H. C. I A Government railroads In Alaakr ' are onernted th" year round. The Bureau of Alaskan AT*lrs snvs that, there will he no appointing of men to, A, a«kan railroads before April 192? 1 These appointments are made at Anrhor»*re. Alaska. n What was the defe of the last severe hu-Hcnre nt Galveston and Houston. Tevss? V. X A The Infest record annenrs to hr j *hnt of n severe hurricane that r>n««er) over these two dtU « during the r>t*rht OC Ai'rn.t IC-17 101* O, What Is the meaning * Huron, ‘he name of one of *he Great Lakes? o a r. A. Opinions differ ps (n whether *hts is an Ted'sn or French word Ac eo-dfng to some TTunon Is n corruption * the nnmo Firlveu a tribe of In dians bv the French, the word ro«,«p. !ng head of a wild boar, applicable on THE PUEBLO CHIEFTAIN Pueblo Opportunities TODAY’S EVENTS Gentenary of the birth of Gen. Jos eph B. Kershaw, a celebrated South Carolina commander In tno Confeder ate array. Rev. Olympia Brown, last survivor of the riofed woman suffrage pioneers In America, celebrate* h*r 87th birth day today. Four thousand delegate* are expect ed in Kansas Gity today to attend the fifteenth annual convention of the National Society for Vocational Edu- j cation. A number of women who are alleged to have participated in the recent dis- | turbancea in tho Pittsburg-. (Kas > mine field* are to ho arraigned in court there (oday to answer to charges of rioting and unlawful assembly. I'nder the auspices of the American Engineering Council of tho Federated American Engineering Boeieties. a na tional gathering of engineers will n*- semhlo In Washington today to discuss norial, technical, economic and politi cal questions. A final conference of leading marine transportation companies with tho U. B. Shipping Board's special subsidy committee is to he held In Washington today to pass upon a tentative plan formulated by tho committee provid ing for the subsidizing of tho American merchant mnrlno to Insure its main tenance. TODAY’S ANNIVERSARIES 1833 Boston habror wan frozen over for tho first time In many years. 1847—Vossels fitting out In England for a filibustering expedition to Ec uador wore seized by the govern ment. I«s3—The Illinois State Agricultural society was organized at Spring field. 1870— Regents of the University of Michigan passed a resolution opening tho university to women students. IS72—Joseph Gillott, inventor and maker of the first successful steel pens, died. 1874—'Tho Cincinnati Zoological mclety was organized. 1887—Ohio supreme court upheld the constitutionality of the Dow law, imposing rpeclnl taxes on manti- and in Intoxi cating liquors. 1899—Lord Cromer laid the foundation stone of Gordon Memorial col lego at Khartoum. account of their unkempt appearance. Another authority says it is derived from tho Indian words Obkuce hontue, True man; by others to have been cor rupted by tli<- French from tho Indian Irrl ronon, tribe. | Horoscope “Tfc* Stars IwNm, Bit O. Bat rimHl* THURSDAY, JANUARY o, 1921. (Copyright, 1922, by Tho McClure Newspaper Syndicate.) ' Caution should rule conduct today, 'according to astrology, for Saturn. Neptune, Venus and Uranus are all In ovil place. Most dangerous will be the associa tion with women or the indulgence in an-- sentimentality, for power to de ceive will be strongly active under this sway. While women may bring bad luck to men, with Neptune and Uranus un friendly they should guard their own affairs, for they may exerejse poor Judgment in business or social mat ters. There a menacing sign for labor and industry, making for restlessness and discontent Distorted views of public matters mav he easily accepted at this time and the stars Indicate that much dan gerous propaganda will be dissemi nated. , It is not a lucky rule* for new plays ior for first Appearances of actors. Audiences will he extremely critical and hard to please, if tho stnrs are rend aright. Danger of accidents on electrically propelled vehicles is supposed to be In creased by this sway. Aviators should be especially enre ful today when Uranus frowns. , Safety for life and limb ip city streets will focus attention ns never j before, during the coming year, It 'a predicted and new methods of relieving congestion will be invented. Storms of extraordinary violence are prognosticated, bur the chief feature of winter weather will bo the peculiar character of the winds and snows, floods and rains, that will upset all tra ditions in various states. There will he but two eclipses this year, both of the Sun. nn« takes place March 23 and the other September The March eellpse is held to presage grave industrial difficulties as well a" movements of armies and excessive drought. Persons whose blrthdate it Is should keep thb health in order Business may he rather strenuous during the coming year. Both men and women will pro*- per. Children horn on this day may be too fond of amusement for their best interests. They should be carefully trained to habits of industry for they will probably be very talented. FASHION HINT In seeordsnes to the request of many readers, The Chieftain has re sumed the fashion service which j proved so popular. We liovn made ar rangements with the Beauty Pattern ' company of New York to supply tlia patterns to our readers and to run In The Chieftain Illustrations of tho lat est and most convenient styles These arc of special interest and advantage to tho home dressmaker. Orders for these patterns may be sent direct to The Ghieftaln office, but the patterns will be sent from the pattern com pany direct to ths person ordering them. A POPULAR STYLE 3034. As here illustrated, white linen was used, with brown linen for trim ming The resign Is good for serge, tweed, velvet mid corduroy. with braid of stitching for trimming. Th* ! blouse could be of wash material, and the trousers of cloth, corduroy, or vel vet. Collar, cuffs and belt may h« faced with contrasting materials as il lustrated. The pattern Is cut in 4 sizes: ?. 3. 4 and 6 years. Size 4 requires ?** yards of 14 inch material. A pnttern of this illustration mailed to any address on re l *lpt of 19c In sil ver or lc and 2c stamps. 4- No Size .. ♦ 4- ♦ ♦ Name ♦ ♦ ♦ 4 Btroet No ♦ 4- 4- City ♦ TTm ♦ < M 4 ♦ M M ‘ M I M t t ttTT Col. Snowden Dies Tacoma, Wash.. Jan. 4. —C01. C. A. Snowden, formerly editor of the Chi cago Times and the Tacoma 1/cdger, died today, age 74. * Hie ot his lour nalintle f-ats was publishing in the Chicago Times the full t'-xt of tho re vised version of the New Testament, received by cable from London. Ho was a national authority on Masonry, in which he held the 33rd degree, and wan the author of a history of Wash ington state. Ho lived here for the past 30 years. Butter Prices Cut Denver. Jnn. I.—Retail butter prices were reduced 2 cents a pound today following n similar drop on the wholesale market yesterday. Th" re tail prices now ran go from 37 1 * to 42 Vi cents a pound. * Waiter Commits Suicide Denver, Jan. 4.—Tlyi body of H. A. Alboe. 3 2 years old, a waiter, was found In his room nt a hotel here to day with a bullet In his head. A re volver lay beside him. Police an Id despondency over ill health drov«? the man to euiclde. WHERE TROOPS ARE KEEPING ORDER IN NEWPORT, KY., STRIKE mill, mnd soldier* hailing utrika and sympathizers at the dead un* THE BLESSED MEEK By Frederic J. Haskin I Washington, P C-, Jan. 2.—With Tn- '■ dia harassing the British government by means of lta non-cooperation move ment, with Egypt In turmoil, with the negroes form tug a world association under Marcus Garvey, with the Jewish j .Zionist m . well under way, .o- • with the Chinese patiently but stub bornly asserting their right to be lot • alone. inviting all the other nation* of i the earth to go out the open door and Irloae it after them, this seems truly to be an epoch of self assertion on tho part <*l oppressed peoples. Th* dominant nations absorbed in ! rheir own debts and wars, se»»m hardly I aware of the widespread and spon taneous character of this movement toward self-assertion on the part o. t Tie peoples who have worn yokes for centuries. Servitude, exploitation, per sonal and nntlonal prejudice, contempt, tlies peoples have nil known somo or i nil of these oppressions. Barring the | Hebrews, who are a • a*e unique, ’hey j have ail been known as inferior or sub- | not Now all of them, but especially the | Indians and Chinese, are showing signs , of a growing inchoate strength. They \ la.k organization, unified purpose, ana thoy probably will lack these things j for generations yet. But it Is In these • things that they are gi owing And the strength they have 1? a: Immense racial vitality and persistence. vN nils the dominant nations of the earth are becoming vast polyglot fobs In whl h the he»<' strains tend • , i. while the poorer Incrcaso the Chinese and the East Indies retain their racial identity and homogeneity. They « r? conquered, owned, and exploited by alien ra-'rs; they are carved Into spheres of influence and proTectorate*j they are sub'ected to massacre and famine and oppression; and yet by tending steadily to the business or raising bablM and crops they have re mained distinctive peoples with di«- 1 tlnctivo ideals. RACIAL TDENTITT An Englishman or an American theso • lavs may boa Mediterranean or * ‘ Mordlc. He may be of an old lndlcen- i out family or ho may be »n immigrant , of n few 'ears ago. The street., ..f nit i 1 of the principal •■Hies of tho great. | wutirn nations are streets of Babel. In them sivirm vast motley crowds °f 1 men who have nothing In common ex- | rept their hunger for l*iM and money. Melting pots where the ingredients do not fuse are these great cities, so that ; an American or an Englishman may 1•• ' anything. But when you say a Thine*. ' or an East Indian, you know exactly , * what you mean. The word summons • I j... tun • : .* d■ itini tlvs kind Of man. The*-.- people* nro united in aspiration ' ami purpose because they are uniform ' in blood and tradition. That is one great advantage they ’ have over tho nations which now dorr - j mate tho earth. When you say Great Britain you mean a government, and governments have always been trnn- j slant and troubled thing.'* But when | you cay China or India you mean n , people, solid and homogeneous and j ' that |s n thing ns real and permanent! as a continent or an ocean. The reacons why these peoples per- | , *l«t. retain tlielr racial Identity and multiply, while the occidental nations loso their Identity and die out at the | top, seem to he chiefly two. In the I 1 first place, they do not gr. in for war i and In the second pine* they have n • i talent f■ *r industry. War. .is has been pointed out a great j 1 tnanv times In th** last f*»' years renT lv threatens the destruction of western \ civilization. The Napoleonic wars weakened France enormously, and nr® said to have reduced the j*\er a g,, height i of Frenchmen several Inches. The Franco-Prussian war was further blow. Franco has not. In an** line of I human sndsavop, reached the gn*at jriess *he had before those wars. Tho Civil War In Its effect on our own South In <>ne of the most striking; examples of tli*» result of prolonged I conflict But all of these wars were minor affair-* compared in the one pi t passed. Wo know that it kitted 1 *n million good young men. that n . rip ol- d the principal European nations in j every department <>f human endeavor, alifl that it left thorn all In a back wash of reaction ljv destroying the ' * are yet t" he seen Furtheimore, these) nations are now steadily moving to ward another war, and > ne whl. Ti will Inevitably be far more destructive th* . the las;. Whai will be their strength and status after the next world war' PEOPLES WHO WONT FIGHT Meantime I ftfci steadily refuse to Impair their ra« ini vitality by killing each other The • ’hinese. for example, simply will no* fight They arc supposed to tv- • arr\ ing on a civil war now. but it Is " mild that f«w men are killed In 't. w hile communications and business aie i*>t Interfered with During the W< ' d War these Thlnese w#?r« used as *. borers, but It was found Impossible to make combat troops out of them The Chinese in some respo ts show great courage, but the murder of their fel low humans Is slmplv a buainer* f*’ r which they have no stomach Among i i moi • ,of a warlike tradition but the p* | non-cooperative movement of Gandhi I lias for l?s hns 1 , that force mm; ! '°t be used that the enemy s blood itpi-t not be spilled The invader mu* * be expelled bv simply -oftjsing to obey I any of his commands or to cooperate in his undertaking- In addition tO es. aping the wcourage of war. these op pressed peoples have held aloof froth ‘the industrial system. In ''hlna th* r* lls said to be a strong feeling against I Its introduction, and in favor of build ing up the Chinese civilization « n * own ancient foundation. s" to sp. ak Tlie Gandhi movement In lr-.,. * . o to somo extent a revolt nguust t s Industi - m 1 •' people are urged not to buy factory made clothln hut to return to the making of their native fabrb s ’ Y hand. There ran be little doubt but that tho Industrial .-•■stem, as nt present constituted. H like war. n sour *e of race weakness to the dominant nations Tt has Improved graatb In tin past fifty years, and It may yet he -und basis for civilized development, bui at • I see for himself. It |s in a had!\ dis • pla (has produced » ejass consciousness, : which results In an ever-growing so jdal unrest, with Immense waste of ’ I and energy thru str.ko, and rovolu tlons. In the second place, it ha* bo. come badly entangled in it« own m< ichanlsm. po that all of the industrh* Inatlons are subject to perc-d al sp V-. jof ‘ hard times." due to the failure .-f j the evatem to work nroperlx Tin* w occidental world is now thrown out of, gear by tho failure of the induMn system ko fun.f. >*i. Thus tho oppressed pr-qiles. l»eing largely fre*- from organized war n: *1 organized industry, have advent tv* lin tho conservation of their racial v|-1 tality, which are already telling and which will tel! ev.-n more • the 'mure. ... | • ... j tlons had b*tter learn something from' ithe oppressed no.-r* while th*> learning l U good. A and the old Biblical prophe. j may i come to have n new and vivid mean ing: I Blessed .ire the ineek, for they' - ■ TODAY’S BIRTHDAYS MaJ. Gen. Adelbert Cronkhlte. I ,S. A.. In command of the forces in Pan ama. horn In New York, 61 yearn ago today. Isaac Bachurach. representative in congress of the Second New Jersey district, born in Philadelphia. v. n> ag" today. William Bennett Mtinro, prof*. . of municipal government in Harvard unlverrfty. born In Ontr’tio i: ago iriilm . In- \ Mullins, president or th* Southern Baptist Theological Semi nary and president of tb« Mautli.-rn Baptiat (’on vent lon ioi ninFr in tlln coumy. y* f.-j ngo today. * ’ ~ TV - 1 ‘ Kauff, wldelj known pro fessional baseball player, formerly With tho Ginnto, horn at Middhport, ' ’ ' ONE YEAR AGO TODAY. President Harding became a 32ml de -1 g i <••• Mason. Five women members took their 1 souls in tho Connecticut legislature. IN DAY’S NEWS" The Bank cf Montreal, which is * become or'** of the lsrgej*t banking 1 stltUTions ••!. ttie world thru ita absorp tlon f*f an t' ■ r ■ f tT •• prominent bank in th* Domin'or . i.a** as its genet . manager Sir Frederick WHliama-Tu v loi. who bolds high place among th** masters of finance In Canada. Si* Frederick, who 1*« now In hla lixtlei '< vear tn a native of Monoton. N H in hi* enrl> year's ho wam prominent In amateur athletics and a« an oars man his reputation was Dominion wide He dUercd the service of the Bank of Montreal as a youth of fif t**rn. I Using by step, he became In the (-ours.* <*: time tho manager «»' the Chicago brun-'h of the bank RU«I later filled i sin iiar post In Ix>ndor Ho has held hi* pre*.*nt position general mnnag**r of the institution sir. " 1IM?. and In me same year h* w •*» honor.d with knighthood. At It* loot convention the Canadian Ranke*** M.-i.it!on cho.-e Sir Frederick aa Its president. KNITTED KNICKERS FOR FAIR GOFFERS Here is a costume that is sum to appeal to 'he woman golfer who contemplates spending part of her winter at one of resorts in Vir ginia, Carolina or Florida. It is a knitted Knickerbocker suit with roomy knickers and a long swosr- Ror coat. Jockey Rrcen barred in white is the color scheme. ARREST GIRL HOBO Denver. Jan. I Selma Wolf, U-vrar old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. « Wolf of Cht>* in.' . Wyo., v.aa nfr> •’ at the Union stutlon thla morning. . w i-4 dr<-sed in boy's clothing and i rding to her story to arresting <T fleers *.*he planned t o make hoi' w > homo by stealing a tide on u train. The girl, who has been residing on a ranch near Uonlfer, Colo., ainco Octo her I*>. suddenly hreame homesh'k and decided to make her way back home- Taking u suit of hoy’s clothes from the ranch last Bunday she dre.-wed In it and started for Denver. She mad*' tin distance by walking und ovcasioi - ~i rldt • offered bj nibtorlsts Her parents were conununica I• <1 wlui anu i*rnouhly will send money f«*i la r 11 .i ii.-1•• *i■! 1.1 ion 1 1• • 111» , a*--ording to police.