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THE PUEBLO CHIEFTAIN ESTABLISHED 1868 Published Every Morning In the Year By THE CHIEFTAIN PRINTING COMPANY G. G. WITHERS, President and Business Manager WALTER LAWSON WILDER, Editor VOLUME LXXXIX, No. 270 Entered as Second Clasg Matter at the Postoffice el Pueblo, Colorado The Spirit of the Conference The spirit of the Washington conference is aptly expressed in the speech with which President Ilnrding dismissed the representatives of the nations The presi dent made no invidious comparisons, but lie called atten tion to the distinctive features of this, conference, which made it different from any former gathering of great powers, and which enabled it to accomplish so great a measure of success. Tho Washington confcrgnco did not undertake to formulate any set of principles upon which international relations ought to bo based. It did not attempt to con struct and to put into operatic any instrument or insti tution or organization for composing or arbitrating dif ferences or controversies that exist or may ariso at some future time. The Washington conference had certain definite things to do, and it did them. It found in itself all tho instrumentalities and it created all the organization nec essary to accomplish these results, and tho governing principle of its action was tho Assurance that tho great civilized nations have both the skill and the intelligence to express their common desires in united action. And In addition to the main objects for which the meeting was called, it took up, discussed and determined,—to uae the language of American business, —‘‘such other matters as wero properly brought before the meeting.” The sharp distinction between the Washington con ference and that of Versailles is that the Versailles con ference presented in the covenant of the League of Na tions tho constitution of an international organization, to which the co-operation and the support of the nations were pledged, while the Washington conference expressed its agreement upon certain definite matters of controversy or of common benefit. The one committed the nation to a particular course of action, not only for all present controversies but for all that might arise in the future. The other expressed the decision reached upon certain matters after careful deliberation and consideration of the views of all the nations concerned. Unemployment Shows Decrease Statistics obtained by tho Department of Labor from prominent industrial centers thruout the country make a most encouraging showing with regard fro tho de crease of unemployment. To a considerable extent this improtement is the result of emergency measures locally ns a result of the unemployment conference at Washington, and not to an improvement of commercial or industrial conditions. It is none the less important to note that these emer gency measures are producing the effects for which they were designed. They have had most beneficial results in preventing destitution in the larger cities this winter, and they very greatly increase the prospects for a genuine revival of business all along the line early in the present year. Trcincndoui progress has been mode in the pa*t six months in tho removal of obstacles prosperity. The splendid success of the Washington conference, the hnppy settlement of the Irish problem, the passage by congress of the new tax law and the law for the funding of foreign debts have smoothed tho way to returning prosperity. Agricultural prospects also are very much better than they were six months ago. The prospects are increasingly favorable, but except in places where local conditions are exceptionally pood, the indications arc for gradunl improvements rather than andden chances. Railroads in Evolution The failure to find any satisfactory solution of the railroad problem is due in larce measure to the rnpidlv changing conditions of railroad operation. There was a time, not many years ugo. when the railroads were not only the principal part of the transportation system of the nation but they were almost without serious rivals. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS (Any render can get the itn varr to any qwcatlon b» «nUo| The chieftain Information B«- rrnu, lYederlc Huskln. Di rector. Washington, D. C. Ttlla offer applies strictly to informa tion. The Bureau cannot |if« advice on leical. medical, and financial matters. It does not attempt to settle domestic troa hies, nor to undertake e*haos il*p research on any subject. Write your question plainly and briefly, filrc full name and od droii and tBOIO iw cents la •lamps for return postage. All replies sro pent direct to tbs In quirer.) Q. Are any cargo vessels sailing that have crews entirely American-1 br*rn? 11. F. H A. The "Western Maid” sailing for 1 Russia with grain Is the first Anterl cafi c&ri with a crew that la 100 per cent American. Q. What score* Is It Impossible to make In cribbnge” H. F. S. A. The best hand cunts 20 (30 if dealer has t fives and turns a Jack), and it Is not possible to count 19. 25, 16. and 27 Q. When will a .lass In Army nursing brain V. IV < A. Karly in March new « l.t->e«« for Army ■ • WTaltif Re,l General I Washington. I> C and f.rttrrman General ll* #juU, ho TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1922. Q Please settle an argument by ! stating whether there is a gall on A deer’s liver? C. C. It. A Deer nro characterized by the ’ absence of a gall bladder. Q. What gives India Ink* Its gloss?: 1 D. O. S. , A. The gins* or brilliance of India ! Ink Is apparently due. for the nvstj | part, to tho quality of the ink. The ( ; best grades of Chinese and Japanese j Inks, which are imported possess a ; I brilliance of tone which has not been t ! attained by most manufacturer* here. | However, 'lie addition of sufficient Kiim arable to the ink may glvo the| ■ desired glossy appearance. 1 ij. Why can’t the airplane motor he muffled down »o a low tonr?T. OT. A Tho Air Service says that on| ; aircraft engine from n mechanical j standpoint can bo muffled a* effec tually as an automobile engine. How ever.' this is not done at present for I on* whlcl wo that the added weight of the muffling sys tem Is objectionable and that a de crease i n power is caused by restrict- j ! lag the exhnust. tv. What was the Indian popula tion of North America when Colum bus discovered It” A. It. W. A. There could have been no au thentic census of the Indians In 1192. A (internment expert estimate* the number of Indians at that time at 111.*.nan *V How W!U the Rock of Age-; will ten? II N W \ According to the story. Wcslr.v. Horso drawn vehicles were useful for short hauls of freight and passengers but (hev could not compete for any business that involved transportation to a considera ble distance. Today the railroads are rivalled by the electric cars, suburban and interurban, by motor trucks and automo biles, and even the aeroplane is becoming n serious com petitor for business demanding extreme spe'ed. The railroad system was planned for exclusive ser vice. The rates at which freight and passengers can be carried bear a direct relation to the volume of the traffic and the railroads no longer are without competitors. Indeed it has been found that in certain eases the truck and the automobile can do tho business better and more cheaply than it can be done by railroad trains, with the result that some railroads have been junked which the construction of new lines has been indefinitely postponed. Moreover the mechanics of the railroads are already antiquated. The steam locomotive is an absurd monstros ity. An electrified railroad, operated according to the best scientific methods, could haul freight and passengers at much less than tho rates that have to be charged with the cumbersome and antiquated equipment now in use. But tho railroads havo their old-fashioned engines and cars, and very few of them have any money to spend for new equipment. The American railroad system was planned for con ditions that no longer exist, and before (he railroad pro blem is settled it will be necessary to know what part of the nation’s transportation the railroads must p*v\ me for, and under what conditions that sctn ice to bo per formed. Then it will be nccc>sory to equip tho railroads with new engines and cars designed to serve the parti cular purposes desired. That cannot be done at the, present time. BUSINESS IS QUIET Bulletin of the Alexander Hamilton Institute. Business is now in the "quiet” stag© of the cycle and fundamental dulness is accentuated by the seasonal slowing-down in trade which comes at this time of the year. For Instance, the department stores report that, only 6 per cent of their 1921 business was dono In: February. j Tho business trend will continue spotty during the next six months, trade in the necessaries of life being generally more active than In construction materials. At tho present time tho iron and steel Industry is op erating at less than 60 per cent of capacity, while some departments of tho woolen Industry are well sold up. At tho recent opening of tho American Woolen Company the buying suggested that dealers are anticipating falrl> normal purchasing power. Dealers are encouraged to buy. moreover, because the raw wool market Is artifi cially strengthened by tho Emergency Tariff duties and because the American Woolen Company has announced that wages will not bo reduced this season. In iron and steel, however, consumers cling to the Idea that coal, coke and freight rates must fall in line with the general trend of basic costs. They are encouraged to hold this view by tho decrease of 15 to 25 per cent in shipping wages recently announced by tho Shipping Board; by the cut of 20 per cent In wages at the cotton mills; the decrease of 30 per cent in wages accepted by window glass workers; the reduction of 10 per cent ordered by the Commerce Commission in the freight rates on hard wood lumber, to become effectlvo not later than March 16; and the continual decline In ocean freights. Ocean rate* to Europe rose from t2°.00 n ton to around $150.00 a ton while ships were scarce and have declined to around $45.00 a ton. These tendencies suggest that the period of readjustment Is not completed, but they also indicate that business Interests are attempting to get on a sound operating basis In anticipation of early Im provement. Bearing upon the rapidity of reducing the cost of transportation, fuel, rents and new building, the agri cultural conference In Washington Is nn important factor. The farmers arc entirely wrong In thinking they will benefit from having a "dirt farmer” on the Federal Reserve Board. They will bo disappointed In expect ing business revival to follow any increase in loans to the farmer himself. Tf more money I* loaned to the farmer, it will simply swell his Indebtedness. What the farmer needs is a better market for hi* products, nnd If the money now accumulating 1n Wall Street were loan ed to Europe it would more effectively increase th* de mand for farm products than if loaned to the farmer himself. Tn one respect, however, the agricultural con ference will help the farmer and the general public. It will bring more pressure to bear upon tho labor union*. Tt is useful to compnre inflated wage schedule* with the j rices of farm products at this particular time. The union lenders claim that the cost of living Is still high and that wages cannot be greatly reduced They overlook the fact that the cost of living remains high largely because transportation nnd rents nro high .. nd these Impotant elements cannot be brought to to line with general conditions until the cost of coal and brick and the wages of carpenters and plasters arc sub stantially less. An attempt is being made to reduce building wnge* In New York City, nnd th* crucial moment In the con mining wage dispute |* near at hand. With the farmer* In Washington pointing out that farm products are l*-** than 20 per cent above the pre-war level, the union leaders will be more Inclined to make terms on a ra tional ban!* As matters stand now, we have the union miners in Pennsylvania demanding a 20 per rent in , rcßsn after the present wag.* contract expires on Anril \ while the employers In the Southern Ohio coal dis trict have proposed decrease* of M to 4 6 per cent to -npplant the present wage schedules. A decrease of pnr cent would bring wages in the coal mines close to a level with farm product* A decrease of 20 per cent, however, would be more in lino with the general cost of most Important resolution adopted by the agri cultural conference railed upon Congress nnd the Pres ident to take step* to reestablish a fair exchange value between farm products and other commodities This means that If farm products cannot be rratored t.. n • will- level.” other thing- should be brought down ap proximately to a prewar level. All the delegates voted for this resolution except Mr. QomPW. the great leader and hymn writer, and Topladv. the Anglican churchman met end wero drawn Into a very heated argument over pom© current theolog ical questions. They argued until J long after midnight. Neither yield-, ed a point. When they separated. ■ Toplady was wrought up to a high ! state of spiritual excitement. Not be ing able to sleep j|»- sat ami thought. In n moment of exaltation the word* loflho hymn. ”R»»«k of Ages” feg n n to come to his mind. lie began to wrltf* Before dawn, he had produced thlrmutor h> mn, Q What \ oAjj«*l was known ns the ! dynamite gunboat'* N. *’. A. A This nickname was given to the i United Ktatcs Ship "Vesuvius.” be- I ratine it was built, by the pneumatic Dynamito Gun Company. TODAY’S BIRTHDAYS Sinclair Lewis, author of "Main .Street" and other popular novels, horn at Sauk Center, Win. 37 year* ago today. Frauds Wilson, long n favorite of the American light ofiera Mage, horn j in Philadelphia. 6S years ago today. I William J. Graham, representative In Congress of the Fourteenth Illinois district, born at New Casllc, Pa., 50 j years ago today. Patrick J. Moran, manager of the Cincinnati National League baseball club, born at Fitchburg, Mass., 46 years ago today. George (I3al>el Ruth, tin* famous batsman of tim New York American league baseball team, born In Balti more. 2 X years ago today. THE PUEBLO CHIEFTAIN TUESDAY, tf&BRUARY 7, 1922. (Copyright. 1922, by tho McClure Newspaper Syndicate.) This is read as one of tho rarely : fortunate days in which all the planets unite to aid mankind. Neptune, Venus, Jupiter and tho Sun arc all in beneftc aspect. It is a rule under which to push all the most important affairs of men, since it makes for success and prog ress. I Both on land and sea enterprise* started today should bring profits and should bo protected from loss. It is an auspicious date for beginning long sea voyages since safety, pleasant, companionship amt profit are forecast,. Women should benefit greatly from this position of the stars which en courages romance that is founded on dear understanding nnd so may lead to happiness. Lucky is the girl who chooses this dale for her wedding day, for she has the augury of fortune and association with persons of promlhenco and her husband will bo constant. Actresses may expect added fame from this day’s work which should open new paths of pleasantness to v them. Under this sway women are likely to • meet men of distinction and Influence jw ho will become valuable friends. Merchants and importers should j benefit greatly from this direction of the stars which makes for develop jtner.t of trade In new directions, i Tho stars presage for tno Parifin j coast supremo advantages for it is to j t.e together the Occident and the orient Railways are to benefit enormously . In tho next five* years, if the stars arc : read aright for transcontinental traf- : fie is to double. All who seek political preferment ( may expect good results from this day’s effort*. The president Is to mak*» an appointment that causes surprise [ and arouses criticism. Tho seers fore- . , tell. Per*<>r*s whose blrthdate It Is havp I a happy forecast for tho year. The |young will have much romance. Em- j ploves will benefit. Children born on this day probably will be exceedingly sympathetic, af fectionate and generous. They will sue reed quickly in anything they under take. FASHION HINT fn seeorrtsncs to the request of many readers The Chieftain baa re- 1 sumed the fashion service which proved so popular. \Ye hare made ar rangement* with the Deauty Pattern company of New York to supply the pattern* to our readers and to run In The Chieftain illustrations of the lat est and most convenient styles. These are of special Interest and advantage to the homo dressmaker. Orders for theso patterns may be sent direct to The Chieftain office, but the patterns will be* sent from the pattern com pany direct to the person ordering I them- I A PRETTY FROCK nHt PARTY" OR "BEST WEAR" Pattern 3594 is h**ro charmingly Il lustrated. It Is cut in 4 Sixes: R. 10, 12 and 14 years. A 10 year size will re quire 3U yards of 40 Inch material. Organdy, voile, dimity, lawn, dotted Swiss, .••ilk. crepe do chine, crepe, linen, embroideries, taffeta nnd pongee are attractive for this style. A pattern of thin lllustration mailed to any address on receipt of 10c in silver or stumps. t ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦ No B'ze ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Name . ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Street No ♦ ♦ T ♦ City „ ♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ Horoscope “Tli* Stars Imllbs BM D* Wet CtMHI-* NOOZIE SAVE THE MARRIED MEN BY CLOTHING THE BATHERS, IS PLEA OF PURITY LEAGUE AT FLORIDA BEACH RESORTS Hazel Milford Van l'reedon, secretary of the Parity League of this city, hsa demanded tf Prank Fortune Pulver, million e!ra and bachelor tnavor of St. SUPERSTITIOUS IN SPITE OF OURSELVES By Frederic J. Haskin j NEW YORK CITY, Feb. 4.—Are you j superstitious? Do you experience n‘ strange thrill of apprehension when you spill salt, or when a Mack cat crosses your path, or when Friday, the thirteenth comes around in the calen dar? Do you carry a rabbit’s foot in ) your pocket, or wear a charm on your | watch-fob? If so, you can consolo your- 1 self with the thought that your secret i weakness is shared by at least 95 per cent of mankind, and probably more, . including the greatest modern sclen- I lists and intellectuals, in fact, accord -1 lng to the recent announcement of a ; prominent psychologist tnerc aro only two kinds of people: Those who will admit they’re superstitious, and those who won't. Not long ago. a large New Tork de ; partinent store, finding that n new line jof Oriental Jewelry bad failed to mako 1 itself popular with the feminine pub j lie. changed Its advertisements to ; read "New' lot of Ohtneso lucky piece.** i that will charm away 111 fortune." As • a result the next day. the aisles around . the Jewelry counter were blocked with ( I a mob of enthusiastic shoppers, eager . to obtain the magic baubles. Further- ■ | more, the mob was not entirely femln- j lne. but contained many men. i Other stores, witnessing the success 1 of tho "lucky line.’* nnv© now taken 1» up. and in a single block on F|/th , ! Avenue you can find half * dozen' i 'hops with conspicuous wlndow-dls- , plays of "lucky charms." The faahlon j able leather nnd. gift shops have them in ivory nnd amber and Jade at very i I high price**: while the drug stores have jthe near jad© in composition amber, 1 Kind which lie on the name counter j and blend very nicely with tho toilet I articles. • The wearing of charms.” one deal- ' i*r na yk, "has become especially popu- i lar since tho war when many soldiers adopted the habit or carrying lucky j tokens -usually trinkets given them by i their best girls -as a protection «galn*t the enemy’s gas nnd bullets. Well. ■ many of them who wore the charms came safely home, nnd ycAj can’t per- j stutde them to discard them. A BUPKRBTITIOUB AGNOSTIC "I know a man who has ono of the i ' brightest minds I'vo over met He’s a 1 big engineer with a big reputation, and he also has a well-developed tnsto for' : books and pictures. He’s an agnostic land he swears he doesn’t even bcltovo In Fate, but he carries In his pocket a littl* gold hand that was presented | to him by an old woman near the front | lines In France He iiov«r goes an> - ' when* without It. nltho. ho says, ho ‘ doesn't exactly believe In It. "The old Indy gave it to him Just be fore he took a detail of engineers up to bridge a stream. une enemy was waiting for them on tho other old**, and every man felt sure that tho building 'of that bridge would be the last work he would ever do. Hut Just before they reached tho stream, n thick fog de scended upon tho place and complete ly hid them from the enemy until the work was finished. Every man return cd safe nnd sound. After that the chief engineer carefully treasured his i little gold )ihnd.” The fact that superstition often ha* a 'strong hold upon men of high d©- I grre of education nnd Intelligence w.i* | definitely proved n>in*> yearn Ago by It Addington Bru*-n. who conducted »»n, investigation of the prevalence of *n I rendition among the teaching staff *<f Harvard University. M« himself wa* astonished by the lesult* which sho« | ed. ho says that 11.4 per cent or ttio faculty were either consciously or tin■ 'consciously under superstitious infiu j ence. Said one Harvard professor: ’ I must ' Isay that I don’t think I should fer* very comfortable if seated 13 at h meal, or living in a liouso numbered 13.” Another confessed that he always, picked up pins when ho found them ly ing on the floor or on the sidewalk “It seems to me.” ho said, *'tlmt I do this automatically, hut there may be a superstitious remnant in It.” "My ono superstitious practice: If you ■an rail It such," wrote still another, "Is to knock on wood after boasting of my health or good fortune " i icl ftdffil I that he had A map of M oea ▼amps’* tripping along ths beach at St. Petersburg— innocent causes of the agitation, shore at left. At right ie Hazel Milford Van Treedon. secretary of the Purity League, Below is a closer view of one of the suits to which the league objects, le center is Frank Fortune Pulver, millionaire mayor, who has bees asked to act. Petersburg, the appointment of a bathing suit inspector to protect the married men of the Florida west coast from the “wiles of the pretty ses vamps.” Contending that abbreviated bathing suit costume of the one piece variety is vulgbr and like- I a certain amount of faith In the truth «>f the old saying. "Sing before break -1 fast, nnd you will cry^before night Another .said: l have tin instinctive dislike of seeing tho new* moon over ray left shoulder.” | EARLY IMPRESSIONS RESPON SIBLE?. ! Bruce thinks that the influence of popular superstitions upon the edu cated adult mind may be explained largely by the fact that they are ac quired In childhood "that plastic period when the mind is most recep tive and the critical faculty most iti abeyance. The folk tales of tho nur sery nnd the he i-ays, "the superstitious sayings of the older mem bers of the family circle mske a tre mendous impression on the mind of the child. This would not matter so much were It not for tho fact that fut ures* lons of childhood, especially who n they appeal strongly to the emotional in man. are apt to persist thruout 1 if*- He also points out that superstition has played an Important part in the development of all religious and gov ernments and quote-* a British anthrop ologist. Dr. J. «l Frazer who d© lares that "the salutary principle of respect for government can be traced in part, at all events, to the superstitious rev erence with which primitive people* have always regarded their chiefs I holding them In owe os persone poe 1 s«ssed of supernatural powers. Th's attitude, still much in evidence among Win age tribes, seems to have been shared by the ancestors of all Aryi’i peoples: while 1n England a lingering relic of it remained until as late as i the eighte-enth century It the notion that scrofula■ could be healed by a touch of the King’s hand, j "Similarly, respect for property wn« • vastly strengthened by that form of | superstition known ns ’taboo’ l»v which the supernatural power sup posed to reside in the person of the chieftuln was transmitted to his mov able property his cloth***, tools, weapons, ornaments, in fact, to every , thing he touched. j "Jtewpect for human life was !• rig promoted by tho world-wide nelief in Die ability of the ghost of a murdered I man to haunt his slayer ’’ RELIGIOUS FONT OF SUPER STITIONS Man' - of our most popular super* tionn today have been traced to re ligious sources, as, for Instance, th* unlucky nature of Frida j .*:•! number 1?.. The dread of th* number thirteen la well-nigh universal. In Rome nnd Florence it Is never used In numbering houses, nor on th**.«t r I box©* nor In making up lottery list-. 1 In India tho 13th year Is feared ilk** plague. In Persia people carefully re? Train from pronouncing the numb* r ar.d In Turkey It Is avoided ns far as possible In conversation. It Is thought Hint 13 acquired Hs unfortunate repu tation at tho Lord’s Supper when thir teen* men sat At the table. The last j to take his place |* supposed to hnv© been Judas. Yet there is no proof that Judas was the Inst to be seated, and. furthermore, there u considerable evid ence to show* that tlie evil thirteen ex isted long before the Chrisliat . r.i I* Is generally accepted, however, that Friday is held to bo unlucky Im- aus* ■ Christ was crucified on that day Tho history of superstition, indeed presents sunn fascinating aspect*, but ! It is not Ht all Haltering In the race It shows that In spite of „|| our rail roads and motor • ars and ga> bomb, and aeroplanes, s i are emotionally just about a«» primitive os we wen wh©t\ th” race wa*« young. We still gazo cautiously at the no” moon ma , the proper stioludor. nnd we still cher ; ieh a half-ashamed belief In the p..\\er of charms. ONE YEAR AGO TODAY Michael Collins, finance minister In the Sinn Fein cabinet and one of the commanders in tho Irish Republican army, was reported killed in ambush. Too Much Personally we think It Is nice for a niati to b<* nlwny.** cheerful, but 11 it* t • on onr norves fur rt dentist in sing •• ’ i wise serves to seduce married men away from their wives, the Purity League head further in sists that “sea vamps” be com pelled to wear stocking*, long sleeved and skirted suits. Pulver has announced that he has ne right or desire to be censor. "IN DAY’S NEWS" Eighty years old today Is Alexai Ira Felix Rlbot, lawyer. Journalist and politician, who lias served twice as France * premier, and lias held a h n' j place In that country’s esteem for w<* j nlgli half a century. The career of 1 18 !: beet t ] ’' iloi ; **st to Americans on account of • .* fact that his wife was an Anitr; tho daughter of Isaac N. Burch. a , Chicago banker. M. Kibut began political career as a Deputy f. Boulogne in 1878. and becani© after, tho chief of tho moderate R* publican party. In 189 uh« •■n!**: < tho Freyelnet cabinet hh minister f. foreign nffn'rs It whs during b term of office thnt the celebrated • tento was concluded between Ur.it •© and Russia. In 1893 and again 18« tr. he held th© premiership. Re spected by every party of Franc*- great patriot nnd r t able finale M Rlbot was called from retiree during the anxious days of the W- War to take charge of the final) •> f his country. TODAY’S EVENTS Centenary tho birth of Cha*'es O. Gunther. mayor of New ork City during the civil war. M Alexandre Rlbot. famous French statesman and former premier, cele brates his 80th birthday today. Twenty-five warn ago today died 'William ii. English. th" Indiana statesman who was the Democratic nominee for \’l**« President in 1880. The British parliament a-s©rrj>l**s today, which has also been flxei) as the daTe for a meeting of the Sinn Fein executive council to decide upon t lie future poll v «-f the organization Representatives of the United States and Fan.i.la are t.» meet *t ths Na tional Museum In W ashington today to f consider the question of calendar re i form. The -trect railway situation in De troit I- < xpre’rd r**arh a climax today, when kholders of the De i ■ ' i: i ray Ml • - f \ . 1 price at which they will sell their I property to the city. Thomas Walsh. Chicago "labor • z-u." is scheduled to bo placed on trial todav on charges of murd** u: owing out of the killing of Adolph Georg i cafo keeper, and his bar tender. The St lAwrenco River canal pro ject and tlie matter of power develop ment will be discussed at the annual conference of the Water Power lea gue of Aineri< i, opening in Now York City today. The trml of four officials of th** United Mine Workers on charges •*r conspiracy and Insurrection Is ach * •luted to begin tod.iv at Charleston. \V. Yn. TODAY’S ANNIVERSARIES 1 178? Birth of Leicester fl Converse v. hi child born within Ohio Hft'*r 'he Marietta settlement. • 1812 Charles Dictions, the novella’ born at Portsmouth. Knglan* Died :.t rind’s 11 ill. .Tun© 9. 17 18-17 ei not Montoya, pnftnlnet Iti 1 lie rebellion | n New M* \ w is tried by court-martial »»s 1 executed. ! I*B7- An ;«• * for tli© union of th© Canadian province* was Intro duced in th© British parlia ment. 187 2 -.lames \v Grimes. former i nlted Staten senator froi 'owa. died at Burlington, T* Born nt Deorlng. N It . Od 1 •’*. IS 16. 1.878 Pope pius IX. during who.*© pontificate the temporal pi>w •»f the popos was dostroyed, died in Rome. Rarp May 13. 17??. 1883—Shelby M Culiom resigned th© governorship «.f Illinois to .• - enpt a scat in tho United State* senate. 189? About 70 lives bwt In the burn ing of the Hotel Royal Iti New York City. 1908—Charh David M fourth protest ;.»»t Episcopal bishop of Michigan.