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t—WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 15,1922
PAGE FOUR THE PUEBLO CHIEFTAIN ESTABLISHED 1868 Published Every Morning In the Year By THE CHIEFTAIN PRINTING COMPANY Q. O. WITHERS, President and Business Manager WALTER LAWSON WILDER, Editor VOLUME L XXXIX, No. 278 Entered as Second Class Matter at the Postofttce ai Pueblo, Colorado The Proposed Bonus Bill The bonus bill, moro correctly known ns the 4 ‘World War Adjusted Compensation Act,” provides five alternative plans for additional compensation to members of the military or naval forces of the United States at any time between April 5, 1917, and Novem ber 12, I9IS. Conscientious objectors, aliens dis charged from military service because of alienage, com missioned officers above the grade of catptain in the army or marines and above the grade of lieutenant in the navy, civilian officers and employes, military, cadets, midshipmen, members of the Students Army Training Corps, and Reserve Officers Training corps, and other designated classes arc exempted from the provisions of the bill. Each veteran shall have the right to avail himself of any one, but only one, of the following plans: 1. To receive “adjusted servico pay;” 2. To receive an “adjusted sen-ice certificate;” 3. To receive “vocational training aid;” 4. To receive “farm or home aid;” 5. To receivo “land settlement aid.” The “adjusted servico pay” plan provides for a cash bonus, of $1.25 for each day of overseas service, and SI.OO. for each day of home service, but the amount to a veteran who performed no overseas sendee shall not exceed .SSOO au<j the amount payable to any veteran who performed any overseas sen-ice shall not exceed $625. The payments arc to be made in installments begiumug January 1, 1923; if the amount is SSOO or over, in ten equal quarterly installments, and if the amount in less than SSOO, in quarterly installments of SSO. The “adjusted service certificate” is in fact a twenty year life insurance policy, with a face value of 3.3 S times the adjusted service pay. This amount is payable to a named beneficiary or the estate upon the death of the veteran, or is payable to the veteran at the end of twenty years. This certificate cannot be trans ferred or pledged, but it has a loan value, and loans upon the certificate may be obtained at postoffices. The “vocational training aid” plnn provides for the payment to the veteran of $1.75 for each day of his attendance on a course of vocational training; pay ments to be made monthly or oftener; the total amount of the payments not to exceed 140 per cent of the amount of adjusted service pay which the veteran would have been entitled to receive under the first plnn. The “farm or home aid” plan provides for pay ment to the veteran in one payment or in installments an amount equal to 140 per cent of his adjusted service pay, for the purpose, and only for the purpose of en abling the veteran to make improvements on a city or suburban home, or a farm or to purchase or make pay ments upon such a home or farm. The “land settlement aid” plan provides for tha preferential allotment to veterans of farm units or farm workers* units, in veteran settlement reclamation pro jects, and the amount of the veteran’s adjusted service pay shall be* credited to him as an installment payment upon the purchase price of his allotment. If the vet eran lias already entered upon land under a reclamation project the amount of his adjusted service pay is to be credited upon his debt to the government. It will be seen from an examination of these alter native plans that much more than a distribution of a QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Q. How large should the cake* be. when rutting ice on a poml?—D. E. A. The nize of ico rakes should de pend somewhat on the ibb-knecs of the Ice Farmers, who harvest Ico for th»*ir own use, and have limited oqulp mnm are advised to cut tho cake» 22 square. (j. What la meant by false carding? - P. B. U. A This is a term used by card play ers. and monnn the playing 1 of a card meant to deceive tho opponent* an to player's holding In that stilt. ‘V "'hen were metal caskets first niiido in this country?— F. <*• A. A patent for tho manufacture of metal casket* In this < ountry was granted tht year 1810, and they were first made in Cincinnati and Providence. It. t y Has tho wearing of feathers, by NOOZIE cash bonus baa been undertaken by the authors of the bill. In fact, the provisions are such that it is much to tho advantage of the veteran to take the twenty-year insurance policy, or tho vocational training, or the farm and home aid, rather than the cash, while tho fifth plan not only promotes the settlement of tho veterans upon lands now idle, but also gives a most important aid to reclamation. It would be impossible for anyone to say with any certainty in advance what proportion of the veterans would make a choice of each of tho five plans, but it is at least certain that those who preferred the cash pay ments, would derive least benefit from the act, and they would be those whom it would bo least to tho nation’s advantage to aid. It is important to keep clear in the public mind that the good roads program is a continuous effort for the construction and maintenance of the highways of the state. There will never come a time when it will not be, necessary to provide funds for highways maintenance, and the value of tho highways to the people will depend 1 very largely upon the degree to which they arc kept in first class condition. . There will not come a time in Colorado for many years when it will be desirable to interrupt the regular program of highway construction. In this connection it should always be remembered that each additional mile of good roads not only adds proportionately to the total mileage, but it actually increases the value and the benefit to the people of all the other miles of state high ways. The federal government has very clearly in mind a continuous program of highway development, but the extremely liberal provisions for federal aid are condi tioned upon local co-operation. No other stato is more favorably situated than Colorado for the development of a road system that will be of utmost value to its people, and it would be the bright of folly not to take full advantage of the federal highways aid and of the splendid co-operation of tho forest service within the national forests. The pcoplo of Colorado aro keenly aware both of the practical value of good roads and of the splendid results that are being obtained by the present highways commission. They will givo to the continuing program of scientific road building every reasonable support. One of the recommendations of tho recent national farm conference was tho employment by the United States Department of Agriculture of "trained agricul tural attaches In principal countries of surplus produc tion in competition with tho United States and in princi pal countries of deficient production which afford a mar ket for tho surplus farm products of tho United States." Tho recommendation suggest* that these attaches "obtain essential Information relating to agrlculturo and trade in agricultural prod cis in foreign countries, including prices, and material changes in crop and market con ditions." This recommendation of tho farm conference is in line with the recommendation made to Congress in tho report of tho Joint congressional commission in agricul tural inquiry, which advises: "Provisions should bo mado by Congress for agricultural attaches in the principal foreign countries producing and consuming agricultural products.” The public Is very* familiar with the fact that the United States has military and naval attaches connected with its embassies In practically every civilized country. This is true of every- leading power of tho world. The*,, attaches not only make it a point to collect all valu&blo information relative to tho military and naval forces of the countries to which they are assigned, but they are entrusted with the work of ascertaining facts regarding developments and inventions in the science of warfure and reporting tho same to their homo government. Many of the leading nations also have commercial attaches attached to their foreign delegations. These attaches spend their tiroo ascertaining tho possibilities of markets, needs of tho people where they are located, locating new fields of natural resources, such ns oil fields, mineral wealth, etc. The agricultural attache, however. Is n comparatively new function. Tho larger European nations, being com mercial and industrial, rather than agricultural, have not had agricultural attaches with tlielr foreign delega tions. Denmark. Holland. Norway. Sweden and Italy hnvo maintained trained agricultural agents in foreign coun tries for some time. Indiana any special significance?—^C. D. D. A. The Bureau of Indian Affairs says that the wearing of a feather means bravery and there are three grades of bravery which are denoted by the position of tho feather. W. How did tlm Dead Sea get it* name?-H. S. H. A. The Dead Sea was so-called be cause no living thing enn rxlst in It on account of th« anilines* of Its waters. Q. How much money would be re quired to put tho railroads of this country In first class condition?—L. C. A. Estimates as to the amount of * new capital required for the financial rehabilitation of tho railroads of tho t’nlted State* range from four to six billion, of which about one-half Is I needed for additional tracks and cciulpinanl with which to handle in : creased traffic and the remainder to bo devoted to bringing the present plant and equipment up to pat stand ard. I Q. What Is a "cost plus'* contract? -a. v. n. i A. A cost plus contract is one In which tho contractor agrees to sell cer | tain things nr render a stipulator M>r j vice at the actual cost of production or I cost of tho ts’rvice. plus an.agreed per- I centage of that cost ns his profit, j Q. Whnt was the occasion for the ! saying. "It is magnificent, hut it is t.ot war?"—lt. E. O. A. In commenting on the charge of the Eight Brigade at the battle of Ral sklava General Pierre Bosquet said "It is magnificent, but It is not war." Q. Who received the first American Medal of Honor given In the late war 1 -R. L. It. A. The first American Modal of Honor was presented to l.leut. Col. W hltflesey. Q. Will n.oti,* <at thru rubber, that ! Is a very thin layer of rubber upon a wool backing?- A. 11. M A. Moths will occasionally eat thru j a very thin layer of rubber. Q. What was the name of General Fherldan's famous charger?—H. H. P A. General Phil Sheridan's war horso whs named ‘Rlenzl." It was j g’-en to him at Kienzi, a small vil lage in Mississippi. In August. I**3. by ! i "apt. t'ampbell of the 2nd Michigan | Cavalry, hence It* name • THE PUEBLO CHIEFTAIN The Good Roads Program AGRICULTURAL ATTACHES TODAY’S EVENTS Centenary °f tho birth of Rt. Rev. Henry B. Whipple, first Episcopal bishop of Minnesota. Tin* Roman Catholic diocese of Og densbUrg. N Y.. |s 50 years old today, having been created Feb. 15, 1871. Today is the 24th anniversary of tho blowing tip of tho battleship Maine In the harbor of Havana. In which 2<k» of ficers and men of tho United states navy were lost. Ono hundred and twenty-flvo years ago today was born John Bell of Ten nessee. speaker of the house, cabinet officer, senator and candldato for president. Under tho auspices of tho Wisconsin Association of Credit Mon a state i"normalcy" conference has been called I to assemble today at Wausau. I Tho Fanners* Educational and <‘o loporntive Union of Montana has cnlled a convention for Killings today to per. feet the organization of a stato tax payers' association. Organization of tho "Corn Eaters of America." which plans to increaso the prico of corn by Increasing tho con sumption. .s tho purpose of a gather ing of representatives of the middle western stales to bo held today at Lincoln, Nob. ONE YEAR AGO TODAY. A revolt was irported In tho Indian Mate of Tonk. Eight killed when Sinn Feiners fired on a troop train near Kinsale. LIKE CLOUDS ACROSS A SUMMER SKY foretelling the dreaded storm are the symptoms of women's diseases which point tiie way to physical and mental breakdown. The nervous irritability, the backache, tho dragging pains, nre not only hard to endure, but they bring certain knowledge of collapse unless something is done to relieve tho sufferer. There is ono standard remedy which has shown tho way out for nearly fifty years. The women who have "come hack” through the use of Lydia E. TMnkham's Vegetable Compound present an argument stronger limn words.could ever bp. THE SILK CIAD INDIAN By Frederic J. Haskin. WASHINGTON, D. C.. Feb. 12.—Tho Indian Is changing his blanket for a silk shirt. Tho younger Indians par ticularly aro turning with avidity to this garment and the accompanying haberdashery. Lots and lota of these original Americans, once termed poor.; scorn wearing a shirt that costa less than SIS. Tho shirt muHt bo sufficient ly colorful to please the Indian eye, and tho makers cannot go too far in this direction. Rocently membora of tho House Uommltteo on Indian Affairs visited various Indian reservations in tho west, and found men and women of tho tribes developing a strong tasto for personal adornment, affected by tho white race, but going beyond tho pre ference for subdued tones generally ob served among Caucasians. Officials of tho Indian Bureau hero look with favor upon substituting the habiliments of tho white man for the blanket and nondescript Indian cos tume of old. They do not discourage these wards of tho nation from dressing themselves In up-to-date garments, even if in doing so the* spend much of their money on personal adornment instead of on more substantial things which would tend to show greater'pro gress. The bureau officials look upon the change as showing a tendency, particularly upon tho part of the younger generation, to abandon once and for all the old Indian regalia, which has been the tribal costume f« r centuries. Tho blanket Indian has been, a difficult problem for the Indian Bureau for somo time. INDIAN OIL MILLIONAIRES . H. E. Devendorf. for more than 2GI years clerk of the Indian Affairs Com-| mittee of tho llouoo of Repreienta tlves. is authority for tho sta-ement I that it is chiefly among the rich Osage tribes in Oklahoma that tho colorful silk shirt is seen in most profusion. I Tho usage Indians aro well ablo to indulgo this or any other extravagant tasto they may cultivate. There are from 1.20 U to 1.500 of them with in comes varying from 12,000 to llu.ooo a month, derived from royalty payments on oil lands to which they hold title. Like Indians thruout tho country, the Usages «ro not exempt from the gen eral Indian conviction that money la meant to spend. They spend it for any thing that will bring them plcasu-o. Indian Bureau officials say that the mero uct of spending money is n sourco of Joy to many Indians. Automobiles aro in great demand among the newly rirh Indians, and they liko speed. Tho Indian is n good driver, too. In tho lovcl prairlo country of Oklahoma, there aro many lor.g stretches of good roads, where the Indian driver can ”»tep on ’or” and Indulge his craving for speed to his heart's content. Thcro are notably few accidents in which Indian motorists tleure. However, where whisky enters into the equation, the Indian, like nls white brother, seems to court trouble on the high road, and has no truuhlc In finding plenty of It. HUNDRED MILE TAXI RIDE An Instance of Indian disregard of money is shown in the story of a trip to Colorado Springs taken last summer by a party of rich Usages. They chartered six Pullman cars, spent most of the summer in good hotels, and re turned in private Pullmans. But a’»out 100 miles from homo one of tho In dians, who enjoys an Income from ml lands amounting to several thousand* of dollars a month, got Bred of tiding on the train. He alighted, aired • taxicab, and drove tho rest of tho way in it. His taxi bill amounted to 9??°. which he paid without a murmur. > Legislation is before Congress dc- | signed to givo full citizenship to th*> t Indian. Dr. Joseph Kossuth Dixon of Philadelphia has been active bofote the* Indian committees of Congress, point-I ing out that nltho citizenship appears to l>o given to the Indian with th« P- ! lotments of public lands, ther .• Is n! string t<* It. A patent to tha lai : In fee simple is not granted until 23 years have elapsed, si* that the Indian own er I** kept from citizenship for that length of time A Sioux Indian presented himself at a registration booth for tho udcctivci draft during the lute war. "Aro you an alien?" he was ask*d "No, I was born In tho united I States.•• he replied "Then you aro a citizen*"' "No. I am not a citizen." "What arc you?" "I am an Indian Altho I was born! in the United States. I have not th--’ tig Ills of an alien, nor have I the right* of a citizen My father is a full Mood cd Sioux chief. 1 am a male between t the ages of 21 and 31. and must present , myself for military service." Tho draft board was puzzh-d f*«r n time. Finally lie went into the record* ns "Big Face born in tho United J , States, but not a citizen.” | FINE INDIAN WAR RECORD I A report of the Commissioner of In dlan Affairs estimates that over Indians entered some brunch • f thi military service during the Wuri 1 War. and that fully *I.OOO of theso entered by voluntary enlistment. It is also Mated that of the 17.313 Indians registered by draft board*, only 2.'S sought defer.-, d* < lasslflcatlon or exemption. Brig. Gen. Enoch H. Crowder, Pro vost Marshal General, In tils report toi tho presid'dit on the shortly, draft declared that "as the ruidng of tho! army proceeded and th" off.l*ruzatlon i entered upon their transit «>\cn«eos |* ; was seen that the traditional aptltt.de j of the Indian raoo for tea milltarj career was being aerified and that tlxe men of lids breed wore nobly showing their zeal for the great cause." ll* quoted from the official A. E. E. new-. TODAY’S ANNIVERSARIES j 1822—Henry B. Whipple, first F. pi sco pe! bishop of Minnesota, born in Adams county. Now York Died at Faribault, .Minn . Kept. l*». I 1301. 1825—Carter H. Harrison, five times mayor of Chicago, horn In Fay - ette county. Kentucky A«sas«i --1 listed in Chicago, rictnl cr 2*. IF?* 'l*l3—Joseph Pease, the first Quaker to be admitted to the British hours | of commons, took his heat 11R*0— Construction of the Northern Fa - | rifle railroad was begun at the 1 Dalles of the St. Louis, Mlnne- J sota. IS7J- Richard Olltnnur was named Be- . man Catholic bishop of Cleveland, i 1887—Twenty-five thousand prisoners were released In India In honor of the queen’s Jubilee. 1897—Warships of the European pnw- i era landed letachnienls in Crete to preserve order. 1903—Gen. Lew Wallace, the author «f "Ben I fur" died nt Urawfords vlllo, Ind. Born nt Brookvlll?. hid.. April 10, H 27. paper, the “Stars and Stripes.” the following: “It was the Prussian Guard against tho American Indian on the morning of October 8 in the hills of Cham pagne. When it was all' over, the Prussian Guards were further on their , way back toward tho Aisne, and war riors of 13 Indian tribes looked down on tho town of St. Etienne. The In dians—one company of them—were lighting with the 86th Division, made up of Toxus and Oklahoma rangers and oil men, for tho most part. ‘The Mil ! lionaire Company’ was the title that had followed the Indians from Camp Powio, Wyo.. and there followed them also a legend of 81,000 checks cashed by the Indian buck privates—of priv ates who used to spend their hours on pass in 12-cyllnder motor cars.” In connection with the Indian In the Civil War, Dr. Dixon tells the follow ing story: INDIAN ENDED CIVIL WAR 'Tt Is related by Dr. George Haven Putnam that when Grant and Lot had gathered at Appomattox, In ar ranging the details of the surrender. Grant looked about tho group in the room, his eye falling on Gen. John Morgan, a brigade commander who had during tho last few months served on Grant’s staff. ’General Morgan I will ask you.’ said Grant, as tho only real American in the room, to draft this paper.’ Morgan was a lull-blooded Indian belonging to the Iroquois tribe of New York. Thus li was that an Indian joined tho hands of tho north and south after more than four ye&ra of bloody strife.” There were a large number of In dians who enlistod in both the Union and Confederate armies. At the pres ent timo there is a post of the Grand Army of tho Republic on the Menoml noo reservation in Wisconsin, com posed entirely of Indian veterans of the Civil War. Many of them wear decorations of honor for bravery In battle. Tho Indians now are scattered In SO of the 48 states, and are compris'd In IS9 tribes. They number about 340.000. and their numbers are actually in creasing, according to the Indian Bureau. OPEN SATURDAY NIGHTS TIU 9 P. M. HERE WE ARE: Your Hired Men * I’m Charlie "charge-lt.” These are my two buddies VI who work with me for you. If fi’m SldVldardized Terms, the only one of my kind. I am working for you, here, exclusively. I have no kin folks, no rela tives, nobody that's like me: I’m the only one of the kind. The only place you can find me is here with MENTER. And here I am —j, BUD Budget. R J _ NLN'lrtff The “GET” at the end of ray name is what 1 do for you-help you GET MORE V fIUPUfcTS OUT of your income and show you how you can save. My book is here too, and between me and my “ Save and Have” work and my two o- .<« partners, you’ll have a team of first-aids to ‘getting your money’s worth’ that can't he beaten! Now make us work for you. We’re ready! Everything to Wear for You and the Kids If awe® I MENTEE at it .Teacher* of Thrift Since 1889 525 North Rain Street 1L J! XSlexle'Zis^toe.axtoe/UiAi: Cepyflfkt, Mfftttr, 19** ' W-T-l* Horoscope M Th« flan IwNsa Wmt Dm Ist WEDNESDAY. FEBRUARY 15. 1922 (Copyright, 1922. by tho McClure Newspaper Syndicate.) Jupiter and Neptune aro in fttrongly beneflo aspects today, according to astrology, whllo the Sun, Venus and Mars are slightly adverse in their in fluence. This should be a profitable rule for merchants and manufacturers, but the activities after the middle of the day will be more successful than those in the morning. Educators should benefit from this sway which tends toward spoclallxu tlon and larger rewards. Those who sock employment would better defer any sort or initiative until a more favorable rule of tho stars. This is not a lucky wedding day, tor Mars exorcises evil power that makes for quarrels and oven divorco. . It Is not a lucky day for the buying or wearing of now garments. Modis tes, Jewelers and merchants who deal In women's gauds inay bo affected temporarily, but they are assured of & period of extraordinary extrava gance in dross and docoratlon. Mars is in an aspect read as ex tremely trying for surgeons #nd phy sicians who may have heavy demands upon them. Warning is given that diseases of tho digestive apparatus may be ex ceedingly prevalent. Cooking should be regarded more and moro as ono of the fine arts. Fall in prices on many commodities Is again foretold and the shopping sea- Men aro to have new nnd standing Men ar to have new nnd startling styles Introduced by tailors who are to come under tho planetary Influences that have directed tho makers of women’s modes toward bizarre effects. Owing to the increase of nervous diseases the seers declare that all nor mal persons should practice self con trol, since they may bo easily affected by irritability snd Impatience, which are reflected from association with neurotics. The rising of Mercury and Uranus In tho sign Fisces denotes for the "IN DAY’S NEWS” George Ellery Hale, who Is going to Brussels as American representative at tho International Research council, is a celebrated astronomer who f" r soino years has been in charge of tho solar observatory of tho Carnegie in stitution at Mount Wilson, near Pasa dena, Cal. Prof. Halo got his prelimi nary training in physics and astron omy at tho Massachusetts Institute of Technology and at tho Harvard At»- tronomlcai observatory. Then he went to tho University of Berlin. Ho got his first ch&nco to work to the ex tent of his capacity when he Joined tho staff of tho University of Chicago ns professor of astro-physics, bnt moro especially when ho became a full pro fessor and was in charge of tho fa mous Ycrkes observatory. Ho is ono of the world's greatest investigators in solar and stellar spectroscopy, and few men in the United States have had so many high honors formally conferred upon them by 'European societies. TODAY’S BIRTHDAYS Elihu Root, former secretary of state and United States senator, born at Clinton. N. Y., 77 years nao today. Albert 1?. Cummins. United States senator from lowa, born at Carmi chaels, Pa., 72 years ago today. Mme. Marcella Sembrleh. famous op eratic soprano, born at Lemberg, Aus tria. 64 years ago today. Scott (’. Bone, tho new governor "f Alaska, born In Shelby county. Ind . 62 years ago today. John Barrymore, popular American actor and motion picture star, born 4u years n„'o today. United States much activity in psychic investigations. Persons whose birthdate It is hav. the forecast of a very lucky year 1 which money and prestige will in - crease. Girls will have offers of mar riage. Children born on this day will b generous and popular, but they nut have to surmount many minor ob stacles In their enrecre.