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[—WEDNESDAY, MARCH 15,1922.
PAGE FOUR THE PUEBLO CHIEFTAIN ESTABLISHED 1868 Publuhed Every Morning In the Ye»r By THE CHIEFTAIN PRINTING COMPANY G. G. WITHERS, President and Business Manager WALTER LAWSON WILDER, Editor VOLUME I .XXXIX. NO. 306. Entered as Second Class Matter at the Postofflca at Pueblo, Colorado Flood Conservancy Districts The proposed law to authorize tho formation of flood conservancy districts in Colorado is based upon the aimilar law of the state of Ohio, modified- to suit local conditions. The first article of the proposed law deals with l«*al definitions and is not of general public interest. The second article provides the method according to which the flood conservancy districts may he es tablished, which is briefly as follows; Upon petition to the district court, signed by two hundred land owners of the proposed district, or by.a majority of all tho land owners of that district, or by a odty interested acting thru its government, tho district oonrt shall set a time and place for a hearing upon the petition, not less than 60 nor more than 90 days from Hie date of the filing. A protesting petition signed by a majority of the land owners of the proposed district may be filed with the district court at any time not later than 30 days be fore the date set for the hearing. If npon verification of the rignatures it appears that the protest is actually signed by a majority of the land owners, the petition for the district shall be dismissed. The petition for the district must set forth: the proposed- name of the district; that the property within the proposed district will be benefited by preventing floods, regnlating the flow of streams, regulating stream channels, diverting, controlling or eliminating water courses, or protecting public or private property from nendation; a general description of the purpose of the proposed improvement and of the territory to be includ ed within the proposed district, and shall ask for the organization of the proposed district under the pro posed name. The petitioners must file a bond to pay all the ex penses of the proceedings in ease the petition it not granted. Tf the proposed district, extends into another coun ty than the one in which the original petition is filed, the county commissioners of snch outside county have the right of protest, and the district cannot he formed ns proposed against their protest. Any owner of real estate in the proposed district may file an objection to the district based upon a de nial of the facts stated in th© petition, and this formal ohjeetion must be passed upon by the district court ns an advanced case without delay. If the court finds that a petition ban been signed and presented according to the law, and'that no pro. tsating petition has been filed, or that a protesting peti tion has been dismissed as inadequate, the district shall be declared hv the eonrt to be organized, and otherwise tha petition shall be dismissed. It appears from the provisions of this article that a atraightforward method is presented for the forma tion of a flood conservancy district, that sufficient pro tection is i.iven to property owne-s both within the county in which tho petition is filed and in any other •eunty that it may be proposed to include, in whole or in peri, within the proposed district. The proposed district cannot be established against the will of a majority of (he land owners of the district. T.rtrj individual land owner has the right of protest and of a hearing in eonrt. Adequate publicity is pro sided for all proceedings, and sufficient time is given for all matters in connection with the proposed district to he thoroly and publicly discussed. If Pueblo desires flood protection, and if it is ad visable to make a general law applicable to a similar fitnation that mar arise anywhere in the state, there does not appear to b© in article two of-the proposed law any ground for strong argument against the pro posed law. If on the other hand flood protection is not desired, and if the purpose of examining the proposed law is to find grounds for criticism and for objection, no law conld he written that would be wholly free from fault* NOOZIE Qitflaia want ad*, briaf retail* Phone 1955. Th© Wollman Review. It would greatly simplify the task of students of economic conditions as well as governmental bureau© entrusted with tho work of dealing with our social problems if it were possible to arrive at a level for prices, wages, profits, etc., that might be considered as representing normal. Unfortunately, it Is impossible to arrive at any such figures or sets of figures. The term “normalcy,” a verbal invention by tho head of our nation in the stress campaign utterances, has come to take a plaoo in our vocabulary. If one were to attempt to define it in terms of arbitrary wag© or price levels, ho would have a difficult job. Normal or a stato of “normalcy” is not measured by individual ups and downs. Th© “norm” in a trad© or business sense means a certain state of adjustment to balance what wo know as approximate equilibrium, i It represents a set of conditions whereby tho flow of products from one group of producers to another is ac complished with the least degree of friction or con gestion. • We cannot assert positively that 60 cents is a fair! price for corn on a middle-west farm, and that $3 is a 1 fair price for a pair of plow shoes, w© merely know that In times past when trade was fairly good and the country was considered prosperous, the average farmer did not object strenuously to trading five bushels of corn for ono pair of plow shoes. Nor could it bo stated dogmatically that corn on the basis of supply and d©- ! mand was too low at 30 cents per bushel or that plow shoes as a result of increased production costs were too high on the basis of $6 per pair. One thing which we, do know is, however, that tho average farmer would j not be as anxious to trado his corn for plow shoes on tho basis of 30 bushels of corn for ono pair of plow shoes as he would bo when he could trade his corn on tho basis of 6 bushels of corn for one pair of plow shoes. FARMERS GOT FIRST SHOCK Undoubtedly as a result of th© prompt response that farm products made to the program of deflation and the tardiness with which Industrial products yielded to this influence, we have had a distortion of equilib rium that has interfered seriously with the return of normal conditions or fairly prosperous times. Farm pro ducts lost 60 to 75% of their peak value within less than a year. Tho things tho farmer brought were slower in declining. The result was congestion—stagnation. Th® farmer found a poor market for his output even at the decline. His buying power had shrunk to half or one- | third of its potentiality, measured in dollars, compared with.a few months previous. He bought less because his products would exchange for less. It was not long beforo th© plight of the farmer be gan to find its reaction on the fndustrlal worker Th® farmer bought less clothing. Isfc© shoes, less household . utensils, fewer farm Implements, less in face of every thing produced by th© worker In the Industrie centers. Tho industrial worker, partly owing to natural reluc tance to accept a reduced wage scale and partly owing to unwise advice from the accustome<J leadership, mad® his plight ail the worse by refusing a wage readjust ment that would lower the cost of production and en able tb© lessened buying power of the farmer to absorb more of th© Industrial output. This was the situation as it existed In its worst ana most aggravated form. In the last few months partlc ulary since the beginning of 1922. we have st ant ini steps toward restoration of that state of approx imate equilibrunt leading to what la called "normalcy. Farm products have risen materially. Cotton cI Lj * now about 4 cents per pound below the peak high pric® of last September, is still about 7 cents per pound above quotations a year ago. In the last few weeks "heat ha* advanced 25% Oat. hav. rlwn 30*. hor-lO*. have n-nrly doubl.d In value. Anoihar ll.m l» th. *a vanen !n wool whirl, I. bringing .bout twice «■ much .a a year aRO and la from 35 to 50* above th* J""' four month, ago. Tho hlgh.r grade* of wool »r. oap.c lallv strof%. __ , . REDUCIN'*"! THE DISPARITY Tho rlae tn farm product, haa not fully tho balance n.ooaaary for an unreal rioted flow «f P" ducts front one group to another. Nevertheless th© de rline In th© prices of the things which the farmer h*» to buy ha« rut down tho dlaparlty **>»( *>"***." JJJI ponalblo for w> much hu.lnr* rongoatlon. Farm tmpl. mrnt manufacturer, hnvo mad. drnatlc r ' price Of farm tractor., hav. taken a Pronounced drop (Mothlne is cheaper, although ther© must b© Turin drwtlc cuts In production costs before free buying can b ° The ur “,ef ohatruction In th. way of a r*.tor..lon of economic eciulllhrum hav. been twlaod by th. huM Inc trades th© railroad workers, th© coal miners «nn !ho .rnployea in th. clothing »nd CTrmtmt ’ duatrlra. It la imn.c.am. r y to lay Jj.7" wIM r„y of further rradju«m.ntjn ’pry„dur ”Tn mW hr.anchc!,' a nr ,n,luatrv cannot afford .. mak. the contribution, nrcoranry to krop wage, at Ihrlr thrao four 1nd,...rt.l nr,d, r gtvra ocraalon for more or l-„ r "_ , employe, threatening a atrik. hv April • Th* ,o according to tholr loader,. .11 git e MWt rSSSTUISSThSI they cannot reduce production cat. under r~~n. condl.lon, HmCIENT N.vrrlh.li*! and In aplto of rxl.tln, «'■«"">*['- mrnt. there 1, good ground for hell.vlng th. th, *«<-» of rendju.tment now under wav will continue In th building trade, an agreement ha, bent reached wher » th© barriers in the way of efficiency will b© removed. Trotiblesom© union regulations placing n limit on output ©r© to b© eliminated. Th© “go slow” policy of th* brb-k layer, th© carpenter and other workers Is no longer to receive union sanction. This In Itself will b© a great gain. In fact organised labor will be Judged largely by its willingness and its ability to meet th© demand for In creased efficiency. A labor union cannot b© Judged sol©- lv by th© benefit It confers on its own members. It la nn economic unit, and Its larger utility depends open its value to society nt large, if tt encourage* inefficien cy. if It restricts production, thus reducing the sum total of goods and service* which the community had a right to expect. It Is an economic failure, and the march of progress will dispose of it. The world needs nior© and more production. In the larger e»ns© there can l>e no such thing as over-pro duction so long an million* upon millions go to bed hun gry every night, and still mnr© millions nr© under-clad w I without ouch Uttlo oonforts as etrillsatlon today Includes among Its urgent n©©©«siti©e Nevertheless, returning to our current problem, w© sr© undoubtedly making progress toward normal, and ♦be moderal© rls© In farm products and th© gradual lowering of Industrial production costs have contributed materially toward this end We are nowhere near th© boom stag© or the period where profits may be counted upon. However, we ar© working toward a basis wher© the volum© of production and distribution will show sub stantial Increare, thus laying the basis for a solid pros perity. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Q How do©s th© Vow York Clearing House opera t©** M K ' Tho operations of tho Vow York **karfng House aro exactly tho -am© in principle as lhn*« of a hank clearlng hoi|«r \ ifh »h« c\. option that clock ' crliflc.ilr* are exchanged (cleared! Instead of chr. k* and drafts. \ nh©©t is made nul I*v rach member and pro •onirri tr, th* clearing-house every day heft.ro 7 p ni '»n nr," Wide <<■ entered the list of jttnrljq to he delivered and *he|r full market value, and on the ofh'-r Fide IQ entered fh« ll*t of stocks •o he received and their full market value. Q Do wire performers Use a round wire or a flat wire? ,? R. A The *>tace manager of a local vaudeville house s« \ % that slack wire °r light w ire artists lie - , rf use flat w ire f >** etngo performances How many Catholic bishops and priests a re there In the United States? M TV A There are r ? Roman Catholic bishop* in the United S*ntes and 21,- Oia « i- ding bishops Q. Wri. former President and Mrs. Taft the first to i ©l©hrate their sil ver woddi g at the White House* G. \V H. A. President and Mrs Haves were !?.» fir«»t to « el* hrale a «i'\ t wedding annlve r «ar .* In t ' ‘ - Mr mn. Q I* the quotation Comparison* are odorous" to he found in Fhake *; ire? W, B • THE PUEBLO CHIEFTAIN PROGRESS TOWARD NORMAL A. Th© old proverb "Comparisons ar. odious* waa used In Much Ado About Nothing where In Act 111 Shakespeare caused Dogberry to mis quote It and say "Comparisons are odorous.* •V- How tine* th© weight of th© largest elephant compare with that rf th© largest h©rs©? F. f*. A. Th© lturean of An mal Industry sn>s that there ar© some H©lg!an horses that weigh as much as thre* tons. It Is believed that the largest elephant in this country I* th© on© at the ltuffalo Zoo. which is estimated to n©igh about five tons W- My what name dlrl Georg© Wash Ington addresa Martha Washington? T>. R. A. A. Patsy was the nam© often used by George Washington when address ing hi* wife. Q. How largo is the nraftge growing section of California?—ll. A. Ninety per cent of the oranges of California are grow n In a strip 1® mil©s wide and *0 miles long at th© foot of the Bl©rr» Mountains In th© southern part of the state. Q. Where does th© state of Alabama rank In the production of Iron ore?— P It K. A. In IM6. th© latest date f«<r which • umpleto figures nr© available. Ala l»ant;» ranked third in th© production of iron ©re, altbo th© state produced only eight p©r cent of th© total yield Horoscope rnm Itava Iwltsa ■at De Met Cestpel,* ■WEDNESDAY, MARCH 15, 1»22 (Copyright, 1922, by tho McCluro News paper Syndicate.) Thia ahould be a fairly fortunate day | for Jupiter is In benefic aspect early lia thq morning end later Mercury is friendly. Uranus and Mars ar® ad verse. i Merchants and manufacturers have a favorable direction of the stars that •seems to promise great achievements ; before the end of the year. This should bo an auspicious time to make plans and to develop what haa been already begun, while initia tive is subject to the most promising planetary conditions. Men who cxerclao authority should benefit today which seems to indicate that they will recelvo the best sort of response and co-operation. Tho evening should be a lucky time for signing important papers or for going over estimates and figures. Contracts signed under this sway should bring profit and general satis faction. Uranus Is In a place moat menacing to love affairs, th© rule indicating quarrels and misunderstandings. Aviators should b© unusually cau tious whilo this rule prevails as acci dents ar© forecast. A daring trip by airship will awaken publio interest thLs spring, but it is likely to meet with unfortunate ex periences. Vanity nnd egotism are aupposed to be encouraged by this rule of* h» plan ets, which causes men to be even more susceptiblo than women. Nervousness and irritability are sup posed to increase under this sway which disturbs the mental and physical forces. Self control should bo rigidly practiced. The sefirs prophesy that a movement to simplify life will awaken the people to the wajite caused by the modem frenzy of existence. New Traders, both men and women, will develop with the year, which in to b©» marked by astonishing events. Persona whose birthdate it ts should make the most of the coming jwr which will bring them extraordinary experience*. Children bom on this day are likely to be talented and energetic with power to win success. FASHION HINT fa accordance to tho rtqaNt of many reader* Th* Chieftain baa re sumed the fashion service which proved so popular. We have made ar rangements w.th the Beauty Patters company of New York to supply the patterns to our readers and to run la The Chieftain Illustrations of tho hi nt and most convenient styles. These are of special Interest and advantage to the home dressmaker. Orders for these patterns may be sent direct to The Chieftain office, but the patterns will be sent from the pattsrn com pany direct to tho person ordering them. A GOWN WITH ORACEFtrt. CIIA11M 3591-339*. This model shows favorite stylo features. Tho uneven hern line- is pretty in this cascade effects. The peplum blouse with drop shoulders is In -slip in” style. Car-' ton crepe would he rood for this style with hands of cmbrolde'-y Or. se* k o or laffeta with hrald or braiding. The mouse 3*91 Is cut In * 8i*-»s: 34. SI. 33, 40. 4 2 and 44 Inchea bust measure. The Hklrt 9*9* in 6 Hlr.es 24. JS, 24. .10, 32 and 4 Inches waist measure. it's width at tha foot Is about 2 yards. It mu.- be finished without the points. To tnako this dre*s for a medium sire require* u S yards of 40 Inch material. TWO separate patterns mailed to anr address .» n recdp*. of 10- I'Ol I.AtTI pattern In silver rr stamp*. ♦ No ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Kama a ♦ ♦ ♦ Street ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ City W of the t'nlted Htatfs. Q. What was the highest price for cotton during the Civil War period?— O. A. A. In 13U3 cotton sold at 43 cents a pound, which is believed to I « the highest price established during tho Civil War period. Q. Mas the Weather Bureau ever been included In the War Department? i. « A. fhr Weather Bureau was q brand of iho War Department tint ll ifttl* when it w .»° itaitfCemd to tlni • i i i of Agrl culture. THE FOREIGN BUSINESS OF AMERICA BY FREDERIC J. HASKIN WASHINGTON, D. C.. March ll.— Foreign trade follow* the lending of money to foreign government and cities. It always has and it always will. This condition is as inexorable as the succession of the seasons. And >®t it is but recently that American bank ers and business men have been con vinced of this fact, according to Frank lin, Adams. Counselor of the Pan- American Union. ”A few years ago. if another govern ment approached our bankers and ask ed for funds, those governments either I were turned down absolutely or so (much delay was encountered that the applicants grew tired and went clse where,” says Mr. Adams. “Tho con dition, which existed long before the entrance of this country into the World War, was the result of the ignoranco lof our merchants and bankers of the fundamentals of foreign trade. But. with the opening of the war and the greatly increased demand for our goods in Europe and in l«atln America as well as the Far East, our national mercantile vision widened perceptibly. It is still widening.” In the old days, if the government of one of the countries to the south of the United States wanted a loan to build a railway, that government would send special representatives to the United Statos. These emissaries ■ would spend weeks and weeks in I American financial centers before they got a hearing, and probably it would be weeks after that beforo there "» s a decision. I Today the financial houses of the United States have representative* practically all over the world and these men are looking for places to lend American money. The laitln American city that wants to build a street rail way. for instancy after some Ameri can financial agent arrangos for loan ing the necessary construction funds and money for roiling stock, has point ed out to It that the United Statea has civil engineers, steel rail mills, and means of providing all other equip ment needed. It is natural that the government making the loan ahould want to repay as much as possible th© People of the country advancing the funds. Thus contracts for equipment v\hlch cannot be furnished by th© bor rowing country itself follow the Amer ican loan to American firms. The re sult Is a considerable foreign trade arising from this single project. This expansion of the American viewpoint la being met by the educa tion of young m«i to fit them for the posts of business and financial dele gates. notably to the Latin American nations. MORE THAN LANGUAGE RE GUIRED A great many young men are study- i ing Spanish in schools and college*. But they , must go a long way beyond i merely learning to converse in Spanish < to fit themselves for posts as foreign i representatives of American business. Of course knowledge of the language, and a thorough knowledge at that, j* the prime requisite, but it Is only a part of the necessary knowledge end training. The most perfect Spanish scholar I" the world Is of no use to an American exporting firm or bank if he is not also a good aaleamnn. The characteris tics of the Ij»tin American people must be taken into account. A lack of understanding of these rnnnot be bal anced by the greatest flfency in S*P*n. lsh Home big American export houses have established their own schools for training young men to represent them abroad. The teaching staffs can tell within a few weeks whether a tnan 1" going to l*e a aucce-s ns a salesman cn foreign soil Foreign trade is receiving the close attention of some of the big American universities. Once the banks and busi ness houses had their eyes open to the opportunities so long neglected, the colleges were pot slow to tnke Up the subject Officials of the Pan-American Union diooororod that a young wn? ploy© there wna taking a. foreign trade course at one of the universities In Washington, speolnllxtng with regard to latln America. Ills studies include Spanish, physical geography, principles of accounting. expert sale* practice, staple comm«>dlt!ea of world trade, Jiis torles of I.atln American countries, and foreign trade conventions. When thl" list IS compared with the study only of a foreign tongue, it is what strides America has taken in recog nising the groundwork necessary for prepsring young men to go out and creditably represent American busl- j If you ever try Grape-Nuts Ofj H with steWed prunes or peaches: £ t, | STSHKRE isn't anything better for breakfast or 11 S | A lunch than a dish of Grape-Nuts, with cream 3® f, J J 2 or milk, and stewed prunes or peaches , ~7 | ft Thia delicious combination gives you the ele- Jr menta of a well-balanced food. For it contains ■Z3S& X not only the material needed to build tissue and <§ furnish energy, but it also supplies fruit acids, W that help keep the system in good order. dfIHHpQ/jivuJRNS g£ Go to your grocer today and order a package g» of delicious Grape-Nut*. You will find that it M| will digest more readily than most other cereals, ' and it will "stay by" you longer—because it's so " wf H > I Grape *Nuts Jor Health no** abroad. Tho studies enumerated above are only those included In the first year curriculum at this univer sity. It is a fact that our Latin American trade has a lock on It that is turned with the key of social graces. To be & successful salesman in those coun tries. one must be not only a master of knowledge of what he has to roll, but well versed In the social forms so dear to the Spaniah-American heart, and thoroly aware of the way our southern neighbors prefer to do busi ness. The breeay type of salesmen who tries to get into a town on one train and out on the next, dealing with Central and South American mer chants. will have nothing to ahow In the way of orders. In our own country, there are sales men who will visit four or five towns between dawn and dark. That method in Latin America would result in ab solute failure. The salesman dealing with mer chants of the countries to the south must go slowly. Knowing this, many large export houses in the United Statea have brought men into their home offices who have been trained in Central and South America, men who know not only tho needs of those countries, but the habits and customs as well. Tho Judgment of these tnen Is used in selecting men who prob ably will make good. HARDER TO LAND JOBS With the realization that much more is necessary than the agility to talk and understand the Spanish tongue, it is becoming harder each year to be Chosen for commercial work in the American field. The standard is ever rising. It may bo truly said that commercial scientists now are in charge and aro directing the lAtin ; American trade of tho United State?- I American business blundered into I many queer situations when it started , out to capture foreign trade. In one incident, a South American firm want ed to purchase SIOO,OO worth of shirts. It sent a representative to the United States to make the purchase. Many concerns were Interviewed. The foreign buyer wanted a certain alteration made in the style of the shirts. Not one of the American houses would consent to thia. and in desperation the Pouth American agent sailed for England. Even there the ahlrt makers would not meet the South American require ments. and the buyer went on to Oer many. The first firm upon which he called told him that of course the al terations could be made, got the exact specifications, and shipped the whole consignment within three weeks. Too often Amerl'an blindness to for eign attitude* has « au»ed the loss of millions of dollars. The Amerl'An mis take frequently ha* been to put blind ly into effect system* which hav© hern aucceaaful at home. For instance, sev eral American firms put millions of dollars into big electric advertising signs in cities of France. After all of this money had been apent the American merchants responsible learn ed that the French people will rot buy goods advertised In thia way. Our foreign trade haa gone thru the mill of hitter experience. Luckily it ha* profited by Its mistakes of the past Now a big exporting concern gives hi much thought and care to picking its foreign representative as it doc* to picking it« chief executive* tn the home office. TODAY’S BIRTHDAYS Rt. Rev. James R. Winchester, Kpis copal bishop of Arkansas. * Imrn at Annapolis. Md.. 70 year* aro todnv Lowls Einstein. United States min ister to horn in New York City, 45 years ago today. Mrs. Honda 1 (Madge Grtmstom. for many years a leading actress of the English stage, born 73 years aro today. John 11. Bartlett, the new Finn As sistant Poatmaster General of the United State*, born at Sunapee. N 11.. 53 year* ago today. Tx*e Shuhert. prominent theatrical manager and producer, born at Hyr;»- CttMb N Y. 47 ye«r« KfO I . Edward Payson Wo»l»n. celebrated professional i*ede*trian. turn at Prov idence, It. 1.. S 3 years ago today ONE YEAR AGO TODAY Britain signed a trade compact with Soviet Rusaia. Coalition cabinet formed in Egypt to negotiation agreement with Great Britain. "IN DAY'S NEWS" Thia is the fifty-third birthday an niversary of John H. Bartlett, the now First Assistant Postmaater General of tho United States. Mr. Bartlett hails from New Hampshire, a native of tho town of Sunapee, and has for a num ber of years been prominent in poli tical circles in New England. ll© was graduated at Dartmouth College and took up the law as his profession, practising for many years In tho city of Portsmouth. Ho served ono term as governor of New Hampshire, from 1919 to 1921, and prior to that was for nine years postmaster of Ports mouth. 1-ast Juno Mr. Bartlett was appointed by President Harding to be a member of the United States Civil Service Commission and subse quently ho became chairman of that, body. TODAY’S EVENTS Centenary of the birth of John Ad dison Porter, American chcmlat and author. Rt. Rev. William T. Russell today complete* five years n* Catholic bis hop of Charleston, S. C. Today is tho H»sth anniversary of the birth of Andrew Jackson, who l.> claimed as a natlvo son by both iN’orth and South Carolina. This haa been named as the data for putting into effect the uniform export bill of lading prescribed by the U. 8. Interetaio Commorco Commission. A State-wide tariff congress has been called to meet at Fort Worth to day to consider means of oecuring a tariff on various Texas products. Ofticial representatives of the states created out of the old Austrian em pire aro to meet in Paris today to de cide what each state shall contribute toward tha living expense* of the ex- Kmporor Charles in his exile at Ma derla. Committee* representing the anthra cite mine operators and the United Mine Workers are. to meet In New York today to negotiate a new agree ment to tako the place of the existing wage scale, whl< h will expire by limi tation on April 1. CRITICISM BRINGS SUPERIORS’ WRATH Major Malcolm W’.eeler Nichol son. U. S. A. Major Malcolm Wheeler Nlehol oon, stationed at Fort Ethan Allen, haa written President Harding complaining that tho American army is being “Prussianised," that officers are being commissioned through political motivea rather than merit. Nicholson neglected to send tho letter through the regular military channels and as a result is now In trouble for liv ing over tho heads of hia superior officers.