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THE BRUNSWICK TIMES-CALL
VOLUME XL NUMBER 127 BRUNSWICK EXTENDS A CORDIAL WELCOME TO HER MANY DISTINGUISHED GUESTS. BRUNSWICK&BIRMINGAHM BY E. C. MACHEN. The time has gone by when it is a question whether a railroad passing through a country fairly well off in nat ural resources will pay. On the other hand it has been demonstrated beyond all doubt that no country, however can develop, or even hold its own, with out a railroad. We hear a great deal now about expan sion. Expansion comes from two things. FlßST—lncreased power of men to pro duce the necessities of life and the great staples of commerce in excess of what is needed for home consumption, SECOND—Facilities of transportation to exchange surplus. Transportation on land is by railroad. On sea by ships. Steamer, speed and carrying power have made the whole world a neighborhood. No region now has to hunt markets. They exist. It is omy necessary to Hunt means for carrying sur plus products to lines which connect to all parts W the world. With that power of communication the poorest country can prosper. Without it the richest country will be only a home for poor folks. The moral of all this is. Get the rail road and the steamships. But if you get the railroad the steamships will come of themselves. Modern civilization, life, trade, com merce, are all based on coal and iron- They are the primaries. Steam power and iron and steel machinery and tools to do the work of the world and the inter change of the products that come from the soil, the shop and the mine, make the work and create the living necessities of the multitude, thus making markets for all that is produced from the earth or the sea. The cross roads of a country is in this sections where iron ores and coal are in abundance. One end of this projected railroad is in the one district of the U nited States doubly blessed with unlimited iron and coal lying side by side—Birmingham—which leads the world in power to produce iron and steel at a cost lower than heretofore known and lower than they can be pro duced for elsewhere - The other end is at Brunswick on the sea, with a deep, pro tected, commodious harbor, always open, summer and winter, a harbor as good and as great as any on our Atlantic or Pacific coasts As favorably .located to Europe as any and more favorably located to Continental and Southern Europe. But with a location that commands the West Indies, both the Windward and Leeward Islands, that is nearest to all the east coast of South America and beyond,around Cape Horn, of any of our first class At lantic harbors. That is as handy to Cen tral America and the Carribbean ports as any gulf harbor, There is not a mile of territory the line will passthrough but can provide,from the soil, or the mine, or the forest, or the fac tory, or from any or all combined, its full share of traffic. The success of the road cannot be a question. It Is the success of the country that is involved and that simply depends on railroad or no railroad. But the line may not stop at Montgomery or Birmingham or elsewhere until it is stopped by the Pa cific ocean. Take the line—trancontinental—from Brunswick to San Diego, compare it with any of the transcontinental lines to the northward, either in the United States or Canada. It is a much shorter line- Open all the year round with no excessive cost of operation in winter months. It runs through a country every acre of which is rich in sources of traffic. Soil and climate combine to give large yields. The same forces, and plenty of water, make big forests. And timber is timber and will be more and more so each year. Very old men can remember when timber was a liability even in New York State, when, around Albany old man Cooper cut down the finest black walnut trees, rolled the logs in piles and burned them to get ashes to leach to make potash to haul to Albany for sale. Think now of the mag- nificent wealth of those parts of Georgia and Alabama that would be served by the road in poplar, pine, oak, hickory, chest nut, and other timbers now of little value, but good for cash with the railroad built. Fourth. This transcontinental line runs through a country whose products in raw or finished state are needed in all parts of the world and are valuableenough to bear distant transportation. Cotton in bale or cloth or yarn, manufactured prod ucts of wood, iron and steel, copper, zinc, lead and other minerals in the western stretches, and so on through the list. America, the United States, particularly the Southern states, where a transconti nental line is shorter, With lower grades and free from ice and snow, stand between Europe and Asia. Europe is expanding, but Asiastic expansion will far distance all records, and don’t forget that no Eu | ropean combination could now keep us out of our share. This is so plain that none will ever try it. This region of ours, with Brunswick at one end of it and the great cross roads of Birmingham at the other of this particular road, and all the region westward to San Diego, is between our two great future markets, Europe and Asia, not only geo graphically but for a still stronger reason. The ships must come to our country to get a load. The need of the road to the country s (Continued on Eighth page.) BRUNSWICK. GA. THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 24 1901. GREAT CONVENTION IS TO BEGIN WORK , Delegations Coming in on Every Train. Fitzgerald Crowd Brings a Band. Today marks an eventful epoch in the history of Brunswick. A day whose works wilt add new strength to the indus trial and commercial upbuilding of the South Atlantic and Middle West states. The old ruts of trade must disappear before the new methods of a commercial i ecessity. Anew route through the lum ber and naval stores forests, anew route through the cotton fields, the orchards and the farms of Georgia; through the similar territory of Alabama up to the mountains of Birmingham, burdened with iron and coal; anew route to the cattle markets and graineries of the west; anew route shorter, quicker and in direct sympathy with the people who live and prosper by its aid. Such is the theme that brings together today an enthusiastic gathering of citizens from Georgia and Alabama in connection to present the claims of their respective locations for the direct route of this road. These men represent the brain and brawn of what the south has in manhood who give their time and money to upbuild the prosperity of their commercial and indus trial interests. Dilegates began to arrive Tuesday night and these were followed by a large crowd yesterday morning, noon and iast night. All yesterday they made them selves at home, and were taken in hand by many members of the Board of Trade and shown around the city, particularly among the docks and shipping. The Mal lory steamer was a point of eager interest, also the naval-store wharves, The im mense piles of lumber upon the various wharves and a large number of lumber vessel now loading appealed to the busi ness thought of all. Brunswick’s won derful shipping never showed off to a more interested body of spectators than it did to those business men of two states. Many of them went out to where the first dirt was thrown two weeks ago and saw the laborers laying ties, preparing for the track laying which will occur today with appropriate ceremonies- President Machen was in evidence everywhere. Here one minutes the in- spiring center of a group of earnestly in terested delegates. The next minute in his office listening to a body of delegates who wished to hear more about the new road. Brunswick never appeared blighter to a visitor’s eye than she did yesterday. There was a fluttering of bunting every where, homes and business houses unit ing to be patriotic in their decorations- The appearance of each train was a sig nal for an outburst of enthusiasm upon the part of home as well as visiting del egates. The coming of the U- S. revenue cutter, Wilmingham, attracted much attention. Today’s program appears elsewhere, and covers features of deep interest. Following is a complete list of the del egates who arrived in the city up to 12 o’clock last night: Allen Fort, J. J. Hanesley, C. C. Clay, John B. Felder, Crawford Whealley, A mericus, Ga.; Joseph M. Terrell, B. F. McLaughlin, H. W. Hill, W. R. Jones, W. S. Howell, J. R. Terrell, Greenville, Ga.; Chas. L. Davis, Warm Springs, Ga.; C. M. McKenzie, R. C. Harris, U. V- Whipple, Cordele, Ga.; E. J. Collins. West Point, Ga.; S. A. Way, P. H. Lovejoy, S. H. Grace, Hawkinsviile, Ga.; J. P. T:can, W- H. Norwood, J. H. Powers, Perry, Ga.; E. J. Mcßae, Maxi.- Mcßae, Mcßae, Ga.; L. J. Dempster, Jackson, Ga.; M E Vance, W M Lewis, J G Boyken, I W McKenzie, J E Reid, J Hays, Montezuma, Ga,; J A Powe. L S Thomas, Talladega, Ala.; T E Callo way, J G Truitt, T A Atkinson, L Mc- Lester, LaGrange, Ga.; Thos. P Hoyt, J N Kiker, J P Wilson, W H Gardner, W N Childs, Oglethorpe, Ga-; J T King, Jn > L Boynton, M E Lind. G F Nas worthy, Rochelle, Ga ; I P Heard, M P Hal!, Joe Burnu, Vienna, Ga. ; J L A iisoi., Poulau, Ga., W W McDonald, W O P..x on. F L Sweat, \V P SiPbeit. C E Baker, J R Davis, L O’Sietn, Capt. Millt-r, Dennis Vickers, Robt Byrd, F Willi- i)ar% MifS Madge Biker, spor (Continued on Eighth page.) HARBOR TO COAL WINES BY EDWIN BROBSTON The character of people who will assem ble at the Grand Opera House this morn ing proclaims the importance of a road i from here to Birmingham, Alabama. A stronger representation of the business element of a large section was never gotten together. These people were invited with the re quest that they come with definite busi ness proposals of what they will do to secure a newline from this harbor to the great coal and iron fields of Alabama and the grain and cotton section of the west. They believing that we meant business have come here with business propositions, and the statistics of resources and freights that will be offered to anew line is going to be something startling, and will devel op such facts as will insure the new line if it was not already assured. I have letters and telegrams from such men as Judge Henry E. Howland and Mr - J. F. Oshaughnessey of New York, ex pressing faith in the new line. These men stand high among financiers and they have large interests here that will be de velopei^ Col. E. C. Machen has never claimed anything to us that he lias not proved— why should we doubt him? This convention will Insure the value of such a road and the work already push ed forward will only be accelerated. There are two routes to choose from. Let each present its advantages and who knows but we may get two lines. One by way of Montgomery and one by way of LaGrange. Brunswick stands in the unique position of wanting both to succeed. Each would pour a rich value of freight through our door and increase our own and the world’s prosperity. This convention should organize per manently and meet each year somewhere on the line. I will probably offer a reso lution on this subject. We have arrang- ed to have this con\ ntion stenograph icaliy reported and its proceedings if wide ly published will largely benefit Georgia and Alabama. If the proceedings are pro perly prepared the railroads will probably disseminate the information. Railroads are doing a wonderful work now in developing this southern country but there is room for more railroads and the development work is hardly well under way. When we are exporting machinery in place of pig iron, and furniture in place of lumber, and cloth in place of raw cotton the present roads will not be able to do PRICE FIVE CENTS the work, other roads become necessary with a developing commerce and the first necessity which has fully dawned on the people is this road of ours. SOME SILVER SPIKES. The first spike that will be driven in the Brunswick and Birmingham railroad will be a solid silver one, made expressly for the purpose by Mr. Kennon Mott, that ever hustling jeweler. He has made three. The first will be driven by President Machen, and the other two, one by Mr. J. E. du Bignon, chairman of council, and the other by some member of the Bir mingham delegation. AT AN OPPORTUNE TIME. Vessels of Every Description are now in Port. There is in Brunswick’s port now a craft of every description. One can walk down to the river front and see anything from a small row boat to a large New York steamship, for in our harbor at the present are tug boats, passenger boats, schooners, barks, brigs, barkentines, four masted schooners, steamships revenue cutter, Edwin Gould’s yacht, pilot boats and all kinds of small craft. PRETTY DF.CORATIONS. Brunswick now has*a Holliday Appear ance. In response to the call published in yes terday’s paper, asking the citizens to dec orate their places, nearly every business house has responded, and Brunswick now in gala attire. Those who have not vet decorated their places will or should do so today. Probably the prettiest decorated place is the office of Messrs. Brobston,’ Fendig & Cos. LADIES INVITED To Attend the Convention at the Opera House. The ladies of Brunswick and visitors are especially invited to attend the Brunswick and Birmingham convention at the Grand opera house today. President Aiken, of the Board of Trade, has had seats reserved for the fair sex and all are urgently requested to be pres ent. „ There wili be some fine oratory which is worth going miles to hear and as tilers is a treat in store for the men folks there is no reason why the ladies cannot share it too. 1 HE lIMES-CALL is sure that all who attend will be satisfied beyond all expres sion- TERRELL HERE. Attorney General Joseph .VI. Terrell ar rived in the city last night as a delegate to the convention from Merriwether coun ty. Mr. Terrell has a number of friends in the city who will be glad to welcome him here.