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THE TARBORO' SOUTHERNER.
"RENDER TO EVERY ONE K!S DUE," TARBORO' SASURD AY, MAR. 17, 1866 The fl'i'gislntiire. The Legislature of Ncrth Carolina, adjourned on Monday last after a Ses sion of over fifty days. During the ses fcion, tbere were passed one hundred and fifty four acts and over forty resolutions The past session was one of very great importance to the people of the State, and the proceedings had, will have a material effect upon their inter cut and prosperity. In the beginning of the session, the members, at least, a great portion of them, seemed to have forgotten the interest of the people "in tie wild hunt after office," and in the various squabuies lor place, a great deal of time was unr c-essarily squan dercd. But after srll the places were filled, and no further aspirations to be gratified, they went to work and did a large amount of business. Some very important acts were pas- l ' ; .i- ii ii 6uu, among lanm me acc allowing ne groes to testify in our courts, where they are interested, an act changing the jurisdiction of the Courts, commonly called the stay law, and an act concern ing, interest and usury, all of which we will endeavor to law before our readers, in future issues. In the last Legislature, there were some of the first men in the State, for , ability, legal research and patriotism, I and as these questions, so vitil to the interest and happiness of the people, were ably considered and discussed, we must be satisfied, that the very best has been done, that could be done, consid ering the unsettled condition of the country The members have all now gone home to mingle with their constituents, and to receive the sentance of commenda tion or condemnation whether they have been profitable or unprofitable ser vants. .We copy and cordially endorse the following from our esteemed cotcmpora ry "The Wilson North Carolinian." "Our Commoners, Messrs. Hyman and Thigpen, have been in constant at tendance upon the sittings of the Gen eral Assembly and have discharged their duties conscientiously. Judge Howard has labored unceasingly andj has made a reputation second to none other in the Senate, honest and patriot ic, he hns represented his District with ability and fidelity." SUPERIOR COURT. The Spring term of the Superior . tliic nnnnttr TOilc llfbl 1 Tl fT,:ir.. boro ' the nrcsent week. Judjie , rowie I j ! u presiding. Col. Sion II llodgcrs Attor ney General prosecuting. In conse quence of the destruction of the records of the Court, during the war, there was little business to be acted upon. Judge Fowle presided with dignity and patience. He had a high reputa tion at the bar as a good lawyer, and will no doubt sustain that reputation upon the Bench. He is the yougest Judge upon the Bench in this State being only thirty-five years of age. His charge to the grand jury was elaborate, and evinced great research and learning in the crimual law. The charge was epoken of very highly both by the pro fession and others who heard it. Col. Rodgers is a good prosecuting officer he is e acrgetic and indefatigable in the discharge of the duties of his office, and we predict, that he will become a terror, to all evil-dowers aud offenders against the law in his circuit. He is the very man for these times, when crime and disregard for law is so prevalent. The bar was well represented we saw in the bar the following gentlemen living out of the county. W. T. Dortch, Esq , of Wayne; W. W. Peebles, Esq., of Northampton; Resident Lawyers, Ex-Judge Biggs, Ex-Judge Howard, Wm. H. Johnson, Fsq., John L Bridg era, Esq , Frederick Phillips, Esq., and L. D. Pender, Esq , Capt. Wm. B Biggs was appointed cleikof the Court, he transacted the business of the term in a maner to show, that he will make a most excellent clerk. The CVurt adj-urucd on Tuesda) Startling Information -We clip the following from the North Carolina Standard. We deprecate the dissemi nation of such "startling information" among the people of the Country, foi we believe, that there is not the slight est foundation for any such charges against any portion of the people of the South, especially in North Carolina. The Standard appears to be peculiar ly fond of such paragraps. He appears to be Argus eyed and sees treason in every brook, every tree and every flow ers, if the brook does not ripple, the tree grow, and flower bloom, within thf boundaries he has marked out. Such a course, pursued by any por tion of the press or by any portion of the South, will certaiuly not hasten that ardently desired object the resto ration of the Union, it will only retard it. "We publhh on the outside of our paper to day, some extracts from the report of Messrs. Washburne and Boutwell, to which we invite the atten tion of our readers. We do not eudors their views in relation to negro suffrage, but publish what they have said for the infoiination of our readers. We call the particular attention of our readers to the testimony of Gen. Thomas in relation' to the state of pub lie opinion in Tennessee. Gen. Thomas says: v That secret organizations exist in all the rebel States, ichosc purpose is to ob tain representation in Congress then to impair or destroy the 'credit of the national government, involve the conn try in a foreign war, and then avail themselves of the opportunity thus creat ed, to effect a dissolution of the Union and the establishment of a s(parate gov enrment." This is startling information. This secret organization is no doubt in exis tence in North-Carolina. It is highly treasonable in its character, and those who belong to it should be ferreted out and brought to punishment." The Fayetteviile News. We have received the first number of the Fay etteviile (Weekly) News Robinson and Smith Editors aud proprietors. The News is a paper of large size, gotten up in good style, printed on good paper, filled with good selections and edited with ability. We extend to bros. Robinson and Sm'th the right hand of fellowship, and wish them a good income of Green Backs and a great deal of success and happiness. Price of the paper $3.00 per annum Fire. We arc sorry to learn, that on Wednesday last, that the stables and barns upon the plantation of Dr. W. T. Macnair of this county, were consumed by fire. With them was burnt all of his corn ,anu lo iacr. ana a nutnucr 01 larmin"! implements. The Doctor's loss, is about six hun dred dollars. Cause of the fire carelessness of a little negro servant. Thancs Col Hyman, of the Ilouse of Commons, will receive our thanks I lsm cr e It-government, l snail uespa.r r e -pi i r cr ot . i 1 of ever Deing uljle to comprehend the for a copy of Ldmund Iluilin s Sketches L . . , e . t:f- i ' illf tJ . first principles or political science, but of lower North Carolina. It contaiusif a vafe shculd establish such a judi- a great deal of valuable information to Eastern North Carolinians. Banlcs. Wo have before us the re port of Judge Howard, Chairman of the Committee dn the Judiciary upon the report of the committee on Banks and Banking we have not space for it this week, but will lay it before our readers in our next. Effects of Dancing. The Christian Herald, published at Moulton, Law rence county, Alabama, chronicles the following sad occurence; 'Ou Friday, the 16th ult , as we are informed, there was a dancing party at the residence of Mr. Scot, near Avoca in this county. The weather was ex tremely warm, oppressively so in the early part of the night, but in the mor ning, before day, the temperature chang ed very, suddenly, and it became ex tremely cold. The young people were engaged in dancing during most of the night an became very much heated by their exercise. Iu this condition they started home. The sudden change of the weather and excited state of their systems, doubtless produced the result which fullwcd. We are informed of hose who engaged in the danse, two lied the next iLoruiD, seven have died since, and others are seriously ill, near ly all who engaged in it arc more or ioss ill." From the National Intelligencer.) THE FREED MEN'S BUREVU ;? IMPORTANT TESTIMONY. The following' is an extract from a letter from Major Henry C. Lawrence, A. Q M., and agent of the Freedmen's Bureau at Fayetteville, North Carolina. The letter was addressed taa friekd at present sojourning in this city. M ajor Lawrence is a gentleman of fine intellectual endowments and attain ments. He belonged to the original Free Soil party, united with the Republican party at its formation, and has ever since been and still is an active and in fluential member of that party. He has had much experience in the Freed men's Bureau, and many opportunities of observing the state of affairs in the South as regards bth whites and blacks, and of forming correct opinions as to the best policy to be pursued. He ex presses his views wita great frankness and force: Fayettevillk. N C, Feb. 14, 18G6. ') liI confess I am tired out and half worn out with the 'aonoyaoces of my position, and nted rest- aud so far from having any sympathy with the views that, seem to prevail in Congress, that I am unwilling to bo even an humble in-! strument in aiding to carry them out. Whilst there was, and could be, no law but military law, or rather authority, j fractional parts of the month of Decem the bureau was a necessity to some cx-jber, 1864, from the 1st day of Noveni tcnt. Bu. to continue it after the States j ber 1861, to the 1st day of May, 1865, shall have given the blacks their civil; to wit: rights, seems to be the very reverse of sound policy, considered simply with refereuce to that. It will engender hat red towards the blacks cn the part of the whites, as a favored class to whom extra lecal protection is given by the Ffrlrr:il omverninfint !i:itrpil towards the government itself, which, by this, system, pronouuees the peop'e regard- o.an of iustiee. and brands courts and i , ' . j bar and juries, in advance, as ready per- juries. It substitutes for men learned ! in the law, and soon to admiuister it for trial by jury right of appeal the decision of men who, in mauy cases, if, not most, will know nothing of law; , who will often be prejudiced, and some, judging from the past, will be corrupt. It will incite in the blacks, to some ex tcut, a sense of independence of the local laws; sanction their distrust of thein, the courts and people, aud cer tainly cannot tend to educata them in the duties of citizens. Instead of al laying, it will beget jealousy ad ill will bctwAcu the races to a greater de gree than now exists, and finally pro duce the very evils it b intended to guard against. And how such a system can be cxereised except as a temporary military necessity in a conquered coun try I cannot conceive. It is liable to all our old objections to the "fugitive shve law," and, unlike that, wilt be an ever present, ever-acting evl, and ifs provi i LUUluu "l wi iut partment military commander must or der trial by eourt-martial. Upon con viction the case n'ay, of course, go to the Secretary of War for review. iSuch a trial is in progress now at Raleigh. If this system is to be retained after the States shall be reconstructed whatever lat may be :md if this is republican- ' cial system, I think the Federal Govern- ment might well be called upon to en force its guaranty of republican govern ment to the people of that State. I think it would be a less outrage upon ) the principles of self-government and upon the Constitution to treat the South as conquered territory, and govern it by our territoal system, than to do what is prepared to be done; and in that case Mr. Sumner might secure juries com posed equally of white and black men. 1 felt ashamed for myself as an Amer iran, and for my Government, when, a fi.w days ago, Judge Buxton, of the S ipremc Court of this State, called it my office to iuquire as to the extent of the jurisdiction he would be permitted to exercise in a term he was about to hold." Quaker Woman1 s Sermon. "My dear friends. There are three things I very much wouder at. The first is, that children should be so foolish as to throw up stones, clubs and brickbats into fruit trees, to knock down fruit; if they would let it alone it would fall it self. The second is that men should be so foolish, and even so wicked as to go to war, and kill each ot her. If let alone, rhey would die themselves. And the third and last thing I wonder at is, that the young men should be so unwise as to go atter the young women; if the would stay at home the young womeD would come after them. sions are very incomplete ior tue ena ; Emitted to the de'er-t 1 ' i 4tb Sundays in each mouth, proposed unless it is assumed that mil-1 0tt of "he t ' PVE RapTIST Chuuch itary auruonty is . . Regular time ot holding montuly mcet- For instance,! can fine a man SoO, and ! s UJ, ' . tn ., M "Dear Old Mm. Battle!" will bo the; - f p.... lUt Churches in imprison him thirty days; but in case ofjT , . "" ! '1- I" ejaculation of many a heart on reading the:K?. ftonntv : r ! Tl t I i1 A V r A t f tl 1 T It M !! u "I"I 111 I 1 i I F I, I I SCALE OF DEPRECIATION. The following bill passed during the present session : -A bill fo be entitled An Act to establish a Scale oj Depreciation of Cwfede . rate Currency. Whereas, By an ordinance of the Convention, entitled "An ordinance de claring what laws and ordinances are in force, and for other purposevS," ratified on the 18th day of October, A. D 1865, it is made the duty of the General As sembly to provide a scale of deprecia tion of the Confederate currency from the time of its first issue to the end of the war; aud it is further therein de clared that "all executory contracts, solvable in money, whether under seal or not, made after the depreciation of said currency before the 1st day of May, 1865, and yet unfilled, (except official bonds and penel bonds puyabb to the State,) shall be deemed to have been made with the understanding thvtt they were solvable in money of the said cur rency," subject nevertheless tu evidence of a different intent of the parties to the contratact; therefore, Be it enacted by the General Assem bly of the State of North Carolina, and ii is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That, the following scale of j depreciation be and the same is hereby adopted and established as the measure of value of one gold dollar in Confede rate currency, for each month, and the j Scale of depreciation of Cofederate Currency, the gold dollars being the unit and measure of value from Nov 1st 1861, to May I, 1865 ! Months 18G1 1862 1803 1 ! January, $1 23 3 00 $21 1804 ' 4SG5 00 $50 00 V 1 eoruary, 1 30 3 00 21 0 50 00 GO 00 100 00 March, 1 50 1 55 1 50 1 50 1 50 1 50 2 00 2 00 2 50 4 00 5 00 1 50 6 50 9 00 14 00 14 00 14 00 15 00 2 J 00 20 00 19 00 10 00 21 90 23 01 25 00 20 00 39 00 April, I May, J une, jayt August, September October, Nov. $1 10 Dec. 110 2 50 20 00 ( Dec. lto lOih inclu- sive. 10th to 20th " " 1st to 31st 33 00 42 00 49 00 And whereas many grave and dim cult disputes may arise between execu tors, administrators, guardians and trus tees, and their legatees distributees wards and eestuysque trust, in the se lenient of their accounts and trusts I arising from the depreciation of Con federate currency, State treasury note, and bank notes, incideut to and g"o ing out of the late war; and that la suits and expensive litigation may obviated. Be it therefore enacted, That in all such ease., the parties are hereby em powered to form a full and perfect states . t i.t i I'll incnt Gt tue case on Dom siaes, wmcn equity and good conscience; Provided, 'however, That no part of this section shall be construed to estop or hinder any person from proceeding in the Uauul curse ef bw, if he shall deem the same necessary. A true copy. J. A. ENGELH AUD, Clerk of Senate. A UspJuI Table Counting plants one fot apart each way, we shall have forty-three thousand five hundred and sixty upon an acre, because an acre coti taius that number of superficial feet. Take the figures in the first column nf the following table as tne distance apart., and an acre will contain the number of plants iu the second column : 1 feet 2 feet 2 feet 2 feet 3 feet 19,360 12 feet 15 feet 18 feet 20 feet 23 feet 'j5 feet 30 feet 35 feet 40 feet 45 feet 302 193 134 109 82 69 48 35 27 21 10,890 6,909 4.S40 3,555 2 722 1J42 4,200 CS0 435 4 5 6 8 10 feet feet feet feet feet A Mothers Influence. How touch ing is this tribute of Hon. T. H. Ben ton to his mother's influence : OIy mother asked me never to use tobacco. I have never touched it from that time to the present day. She ask ed me not to game, and I never gam bled, and cannot tell who is losing itr games that are being played. She ad tuonished me, too, against hard driuk ing; and whatever capacity for endu ranee I have at present, and whatevo usefulness I may have attained in life. I have attributed to having complie 'ith her pious and correct wishes When I was seven years of age sh aaked me not to drink, and then I mad x resolution of total abstinence, an that I have adherol to it throng all time I owe to my mother." i THE DEFEATED AMENDMENT. In the late vote in the United States Senate on the Constitutional amend ment, previously passed by the House, relative to the appointment of Repre sentatives, the following Republican Senators voted with the Democrats, in the negative: Messrs. Cowan, Dixon, Doolittle, Norton, Stewart, Willey and Van Winkle, (Conservatives,) and Brown," Lane of Kansas, Pomeroy, Sumner, and Yates, (Radicals.) The Radicals voted against the amendment because it did not go far enough for them. Sumner made a speech, in which he attacked the friends of the amendment, whereupon Fessenden at tacked him, and belabored him very heavily. We put upon the record the propos ed amendment, and the Senate vote which defeated it a two-thirds majori ty being required : Resolved, Ry the Senate and House of Represetatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two-thirds of both Houses concuring, That the following article be proposed to the Legislatuies of the several States as au amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which, when ratified by three-fourths of said Legislature!, shall be valid as a part of said Consti tution, viz: Article; Rcpreentatives shall be ap portioned among the several States which may included within this Union, according to their representative num ber, counting the whole number of per sons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed; Provided, That whenever the elective franchise shall be denied or abridged in any State on account of raee or color, all persons therein of such race or color shall be excluded from the basis of sueh representation. The vote on the above was as fo'Iows: Yeas Messrs. Anthony, Chandler, Clark, Conness Cragin, Creswell, Fes senden, Fuster, Grimes, Harris, Howe, Kirkwood, Lane, (Ind.,) McDougall, Morgan, Morrill, Nve, Poland, Ramsay, Sherman, Sprague, Trumbull, Wad Williams, Wilson 25. Nays Mossrs. Brown, Buekelew, Cowan, Davis, Dison, Daolittle, Guth rie, Henderson, Hendrick, Johnson, Lane, (Kansas,) Nesuiith, Norton, Po meroy, Riddle, Saulsbury, Stewart, Stockton, Sumner, Van Winkle, Willey, Yates 22. OBITUARY. In Chapel Hill, at the residence of her son-in-law, Prof. C, Phillips, on Friday nijrht Feb. 22d 180G. MLtS. MARY P. above annouueement, for even in extreme old age and amid wasting illness this vene rable lady retained the love and tender re- ,gard of many in every relation, and in j i - , .1 if.." ii,! . thizmg and interested to the last in all that was going on around her, her room aud her bed-bide were the centre of interest and the rallying point for her whole family. No event was complete until "Grandma" had heard it and made her comments. Many a quaint old fashioned saying of hers has passed current in our circle, many an observation on men and things, the extreme and refreshing simplicity and naivete of which only enhanced its straight forward- ness and shrewdness. Honesty, simplicity and kindness were tlie mosi prominent iraus of her character, trained ind sanctified by an habitual walk with God for nearly fifty four years. Fifty-four years ago next summer she joined the Baptist church iu Edgecombe county, where she then resi led, and where she reared a large family of children, of whom the Hon. Wm. Battle was the oldest. Her wannest affections were alway with the church of her choice, though that preference in no way interfer ed with her love for all christians of every name. Her relation partook of her emin - ently practical character, her creed was simple, her faith was earnest her works do follow her. The Uibltcal Recorder lay on her bed with her epecticles and her quaint little work basket and her knitting for as long as they had the power, her hands retained the habit of a life time of thrifty industry, and her heart was going on to the church of God aud its welfare. In her last days the spent much time in prayer for her country. Death came at he last not unexpectedlyjior as an enemy. ;Ier most minute arrangements had long igo been completed, her grare clothes had jeen fashioned years ago with her own lands and the handkerchief that had bound ler beloved husband's face thirty-seven ears before was folded, ready to do the iame office for hers. And so our dear old .riend fell asleep,, saying "Jesus is with ue," and nothing was left for us to do but dose her wearied eyes and bear her to her rest. 'Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of His saints." J I Sentence of Mrs. Ball Wo learn from a reliable source, that the finding of the Military Commission, in theciso of, Mrs Elizabeth Ball, for the killing of a Freedman, James Thomas, baa been approved, and will be officially promulgated, perhaps to day. Su3 has been sentanced to one year's confine ment in a penitentiary; but there is no peritentiary in this State, she may be kept in confinement under guard. We hope that Executive clemency will be exercised in her favor as she is a very poor woman and ber family is in a de pendent situation. Standard. JEST A New York lady, with for tune of one hundred thousand dollars, recently married a poor barbr., That comes of the modem extravagance in her dressing. The barber reached the lady's coffers by tampering with her locks. A shoemaker in New Orleans was sj overcome by the birth of a daughter that be cut out sixteen pairs of Congress boots all for one foot, broke a temperance pledge, "git into a street fight with a sailorand fell overboai. Tarboro' Prices Current. Corrected Weekly for the "Southerner," BY J. SMITH 4 CO. Corn, p?r Bbl, Meal per bushel Wheat none in market. Flour, Superfine " Extra Family Bacon, Lard, - Pork, Northern per Bbl Beef per lb Lime, per Bbl lagging Rope, - Guano, per ton Kerossno Oil, per gal. Turkeys, Chickens, Cotton, per lb! " Seed, Ducks, Salt, Oats, -Cow Peas, per busbe, S4i a 5,00 31 a 1,25 12 a 13 00 a 15,00 12 a 15 H 37 a 10 6 a 7 $5,50 a 6,50 , 35 a 40 25 a 30 5150 1,25 a 1,50 1,00 15 a 20 30 a 35 1.00 a 1 50 30 a 35 5,00 a 5,50 - 50 a 60 - GO a Black Eye Pea&, per bushel, 7C a 75 Pea Nuts, 1.50a2.0(J 100 a 1.10 - S12al5 - 60 a CO 8 a 10 Beans, white, Apples per bbl. . tib-bages per hd. How, RELIGIOUS NOTICES. Calvary Church Rev. Mi. Ches hire, D. D., Pastor, services on the 2d 3rd Sundays in each mouth. Wcek y services every Wednesday moining d Friday afternoon before the 2d and 1 Sundays. M. E. Church Rev Mr. Clos, D. D., Pastor, services on the 2nd Sun day in each month. i MloSIONAltY BArriST Elder T. R. . f nn ltnr Smi nn th 1st Sunday Tarboro', Otter's Creek. 2nd Sunday Cross Roads, Falls Tar River, Lower Town Creek. 3i id Sunday Couetoe, Williams' M. II., Upper Town Creek, ; r5. Pleasant Hill, Lawrence's M. II. t ia k Company Have established an office permantly in Tarboro', which together ith the National anj southern Express companies completes j tu(? arrangement for the rapid fulfillment j of orjer3 that may be left at Mrs. M. E. . T5onti's MAMMOTH MIELINERY AND Dress-Making Establishment, The Ladies of Raleigh, Goldsboro', WH- : sonj Hocky Mount, Enfield, Halifax, and : ai iutcrmediate points, will find it great! to their advantage to call about the mid dle of March, and examine the beautiful stock of Bonnets, Ribbon?, Dress T rim mings, etc., that will be carefully selected for tujs market by Mrs. Bond, who is now j ;n yew York, and will remain there until 'just tjme to open Spring trade ia those departments in this place. Tarboro', Feb. 10. 11-tf Mules, Wagons and Harness AT PUBLIC AUCTION. As Agent of the Public Treasurer of North Carolina, I shall sell at public auc- tion in Rocky Mount, on Thursday, the 29th instant, 50 Mules, 10 Wagonsand Harness complete the property of the State of North Carolina, This lot of Mules is in good working con dition, and the most of them of superior quality. Sale will commence at 10 o'clock, a m. Terms Cash. W. JI. AVER A, Agent of Public Treasurer. March 17 16 It ccuing.