Newspaper Page Text
THE WEEKLY SOUTHERNER.
PUBLISHED EVERT THURSDAY BY
CnARLES, HEARNE AND BIGGS,
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION i
One eopy one year, - - - $3 00
One copy six months, - 2 00
One copy three months, - - 1 00
Twenty-Five per cent, is added to the
above rales w hen paid at the end of the
CHAS. II. MYERS & BRO ,
brandy, Wine, Gin, Cigars, Olive Oil, Lon
don Stout, &c.
12 Exchange place, ,
- BALTIMORE, MD.
; Koy. 25 1-tf
N. C. ROBERTSON, Jr.,
- ' 'WITH
T R. T. BAXKS,
Importers and Dealers in
CJdna. Glass & Qucensware,
And Manufacturer of
No. 53 South Street,
je23-30-tf. BALTIMORE, MD.
GRIFFIN BRO. & CO.
IMPOBTEES AND DEALERS IN"
Foreign and Domestic Liquors,
TOBACCO, CIGARS. &c.
No. 105 West Lombard Street
No. 2 Balderston Street,
Jan. 27 ly BALTIMORE, MD.
JOHN C. MASON & CO.,
Cake and Cracker Bakery,
Xos. 45 and 47 IF. JVfltt Street,
2d Door from Spear's Wharf
Nt. 25. 1-tf
DICKEN, of No.
HARTMAN & STRAUS,
Nob. 321 and 323, Baltimore Street,
Aug 11-37-tf. BALTIMORE.
WARNER & BRO.,
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
BOOTS AND SHOES,
No. 246 Baltimore St., up Stairs,
December 2. 2-tf
DR. EDWARD WARREN,
HAS RESUMED THE
Practice of Medicine 8? Surgery,
IN THE CITY OF BALTIMORE,
Office, 48 Courtland Street, 2d Door from
Not. 25. 1-tf
Cht. Spilker. Chr. Rogge
CHAS. SPILKER & CO.,
Fancy Goods & Toys,
Nos. 10 & 12 Hanover St.,
Nov. 24, 1-tf
B F. Phillips. Burguine Maitland.
PHILLIPS & MAITLAND, '
General Commission $' Forward
ing Merchan is,
Nov, 52. 1-tf
WIESENI'ELD & CO.,
No. 25 Hanover Street,
Nov. 25. 1-tf
W11EDBEE & DICKERSON,
Gen. Commission and For
Nov. 25. 1-tf
G. W. E. DORSET, E. E. BLAKE,
. Of Baltimore, Md. Of North Carolina.
DORSE Y & CO.,
Gen. Commission Merchants
No. 240 West Pratt Street,
C Consignments of Cotton, Tobacco, Naval
J St ores and Country Produce respect
fully solicited, and particular attention giv
en to the purchase and Shipment of all
A. McCliesh, formerly of Alexandria, Va,
N. F. Rives, formerly of Petershury, Va.
J. W. Kebr, formerly of Petersburg, Va.
McCliesh, Rives & Co.,
General Commission Merchants,
No. 61 Exchange Place,
FECIAL attention given to the sale of
Cotton, Tobacco and Naval Stores, and
are given to the purchasing of all kinds of
Merchandise. oc 27-48-3m
VALUABLE LANDJFOR SALE.
ON" FRIDAY; 4th". January "tefxt I
shall offer for public sale at the Court
House in Tarboro', that valuable Farm of
the late Henry Belcher on Town creek,
near Sparta, containing
Well adapted to the production of cotton
inri mm. The land contains extensive
and valuable MARL BEDS.
Terms of sale made known on day of e ale.
Exccutor'of Henry Belcher,
dec 6. 2-5t
Norfolk and Petersburg.
U.W.Grandy, C.R.Grandy, CW.Grandy.jr
C. W. GRAND Y& SONS,
House Established 1845,
FORWARDING AND COMMISSION
No. 6 Commercial Row,
"jfOR TITE 1 SALE OF COTTON,
M. Grain, Naval Stores and Country Pro
duce generally, and purchasers of General
Sept 15 42-tf
COTTON FACTORS AND
Gen. Commission Merchants
W. G. Lamb, jr., Esq., Messrs. Rhodes
& Bro., AVilliamston ; Messrs. Cooper
Bro., Jamesville ; Col. W. F. Martin, Eliz
abeth City; Henry Butler, Esq., New York;
Exchange Nat. Bank, ATorfolf, Va.
Sept 15 42-Cm
KADER BIGGS. J. J. BIGGS
KADER BIGGS & 0.,
Com mission Merchants,
Special attention paid to the sale
of Cotton, and all kinds of Country Pro
duce. fiune 2 27 lr
FREER & SEAL,
Gen. Commission Merchants,
LIBERAL ADVANCES ON CONSIGNMENTS
Geo. II. Freer, John B. Keal,
of N. C. of N. C.
R. H. Smith, Jr., Scotland Neck, X. C.
May 19, 18G6. . 25 tf
THOS. R. OWEN, Jr., of N. C.
Gen. Commission Merchants
BAGGING and ROPE furnished pay
able in Cotton. Liberal advances
made. sep 1 40-tf
BRANCH & HERBERT,
Store form'ly occupied by Hill, Warren & Co
123 Sycamore Street,
3 Doors below Martin & Tannahill's,
7ILL give their personal attention to
the sale of Produce of all kinds and
prompt returns made. Have constantly on
hand a good supply of Bagging and Rope.
Miles B. Branch, Late of the firm of
Branch, Rives C.
J. II. Hebbebt, Late of Halifax Co., X. C.
Sept. 1, 1SCC. 40-Cni
J. E. VENABLE, J. D. WILLIASISON
J. E. VENABLE & CO.,
Comm ission Merchants,
C3ELL and buy on Commission, Cotton,
Tobacco, SnuiF, Wheat, Flour, Corn,
Provisions and General Merchandise.
Bagging and Rope on hand and for sale.
M. T. Sweeset, Traveling Agent.
Thomas Wallace, Pres.. Exchange Bank,
T. T. Broochs, President Virginia Bank,
R. Kagkr.id, President Citv Bank,
John Kevan, President Farmers Bank,
1' rick and Ball, Baltimore, JMd.
Sept. 1 40-tf
ROBT. A. MARTIN. B0BT. TAXNAIIILL
MARTIN & TANNAIIILL
C O MM ISSION ME R C HANTS
129 Sycamore Street,
Feb. 17 12-tf
M'lLWAINE & CO.,
Wholesale Grocers and Commission
79, 81 and 83 Sycamore Street,
PETERSBURG, VA. .
R. D. McRwiane. Franlc Potts.
S. S. Bridgers.
Nov. 25. 1-tf
R. C. Osborne J. R. Patterson
N. M. Osborne, jr. L. E. Stainback
OSBORNE, PATTERSON & CO. ,
GKOCERS AND ,
Commission viler chants,
103 Sycamore Street,
sept 14, 42 tf Petersburg, Va.
E. D. BlACN AIR, v
1 - ,OY EDGECOMBE C0rSTY,w
Agent for the (Shipment of Cotton under
N. II. MOORE & CO.,
No. 6f Commercial Rotv,
WiUon Iflalc and Female
WILSON, N. C.
THIS SCHOOL WILL OPEN THE
Second Monday in January, la the
large and commodious buildings formerly
occupied by Dr. Deems.
The Principal has associated with him
Professor AVERETT and LADY, of Hali
fax County, Virginia.
Professor Averett is a graduate of the
University of Virginia. He is a teacher of
many years experience was Professor of
Mathematics in the Danville Female Col
lege until he resigned his position to take
his place in the Confederate army. He is
known to be a ripe scholar ana an tccom-
plished gentleman. Mrs. Averett is also
well known, both in Virginia and North
Carolina, as a successful teacher, in both
the Literary and Music departments of the
best Female Schools.
In a word, the Principal has resolved to
make this school all that it professes to be,
a lliffii cscnooi oi tne nrst eraae. in
order to do this, he has employed only such
teachers as are known to beaccomplished
scholars, and who have established a repu
tation as successful instructors.
The number of pupils will not hereafter
be limited : and additional teachers will be
emploved 60 soon as the patronage wil
The Music department 'will be commit
ted to Mrs. Averett. who will be assisted
by Mrs. Arrington. .
All the teachers will reside in the Col
lcjre Buildings. Young ladies can obtain
board xilth the Principal, and boys can sc
cure board with private families in the
The sesoion will comprise twenty weeks,
The terms per session will be
Primary Department - $15 to $20
Higher English Branches,
Latin and Greek, each,
French and Drawing, each,
Music and Painting, each,
Board, exclusive of lights and washing,
Incidental expenses, - - -
The above prices are in specie, or
equivalent, one half in advance.
Pupils -will be allowed to attend church
according to the wiehes of their parents or
Debts cannot be contracted without per
mission from parents or guardians
Pupils boarding writh the Piincipal must
furnish one pair of sheets, pillow cases,
blankets or comforts and four towels.
The government will be mild but firm.
For further information, address
G. W. ARRINGTON, Principal,
dec. 13. 18C6. 3-tf
Warrenlon Female College.
Rev. 3. B. Solomon, !flaj. Jas. U, Toote.
rrruiE fist session of this in
EL stitution will commence on
the 14t!l day Of January) 1867, under)
new auspices. The Principals having pur-
chased the entire grounds and buildings,
are having the latter elegantly refitted and
. . , . e -i I
furnished anew for the reeeption of pupils.
Warrenton is one of tho most pleasant
towns in North Carolina, noted for its 60-
cial, religious and literary advantages, ac -
cessible bv Rail Road, nossessine a health
ful climate and surrounded by a wealthy,
refined and thriving population.
The Principals can assure the public !
mat no pains wm oe sparea to render tne
Institution all that parents and guardians
would desire to have it a suitable place
for the education of their daughters and
In its appointments within, both in re
gard to instruction and boarding, they in
tend to make it take i-ank with the most
respectable Female Oolleges of our land.
They, themselves enter ino the work, not
as novices in this department of labor, but
after ample experience in teaching and
conducting enterprises of this sort.
Pupils will be allowed to attend such
plnces of worship on Sabbath as their pa
rents or guardians may prescribe. One of
the teachers will always accompany young
ladies to the house of worship.
Debts cannot be contracted by the pupils
without special permission from parents or
Competent instructors will be placed in
all the Departments.
Terms per session cf Five Months.
Tuition in all the higher English Stud
ies, - - - - $25 00
Primary Department, - - 17 50
Ancient and Modern Languages, .
each, - - - - . 10 00
Music on Piano, - - - 25 00
Use of Instrument, - - 3 00
Music on Guitar with use of Inttru-
ment, - - 25 00
Music on Harp with use of Instru
ment, - - - 55 00
Painting in Oil Colors, . - - 20 00
Painting in Water Colors, - 10 00
Drawing, Embroidery, &o., - 10 00
Board, exclusive of lights and wash
ing, - - - 75 00
Payment: One half in advance, the
other half at the close of the session,
v JCtiS"" Pnpils must furnish their own tow
els and one pair of sheets each, and have
their clothing well marked.
Dec. lSt 1866. 3-tf
TriDD GIWS FOR SALE a very
sepl 40-tf v
GEO. C. SUGG.
COrSTRI t RIGHT OS T. ROSG : 35T COOTEY."
COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY,: JANUARY 3, 1867;
JANUARY 8, 1867
COT. WORTH'S lillClEU ADDRESS.
Delivered ia the Prcsece-e cf both Booses
cf the Central Assembly, La the Bouse of
fotcaionji, ou the 22d cf December 18CC
Gentlemen of the Senate and
of the House of Commons :
It ia known to yon that the pressure of
important official duties for some days
past, has left me no time tor the prepara
tion of a formal inaugural address.
The orders of Gontral Sickles forbid
ding our Courts teset ste lws which
have existed with us ari oar ancestors
for naay hundred W-is,'.;n the face ot
the previous 'proclamation if tli2 Press
dent, declaring that cTil law existed in
ail the States which had 'engaged in the
late rebellion, astounded the State.
My mission to Washington touching
this encroachment on the right of the
State to administer her laws, not preten
ded to become inconsistent with the Con
stitution of the United States, and o:her
imperative administrative duties since
mv return, have engrossed my attention
and left tne no time to prepare an address
suitable for the occasion.
This order of a military officer, assert"
ing in effect, his right to imend such of
our laws as he may deem unwise, is su
pended by order 01 the President. This
arbitrary step is scarcely arrested, when
a measure is pr psed in Congress, look
ing to the sanction of this military su
premacy over our laws.
In the midst of the progress of these
events we are astounded by a proposition,
originated by North Carolinians, and
brought before Congress under auspices
calculated to alarm us, that North Caro-.
hna, one of the original .thirteen, is no
longer a State, but a territory of the Uni
The scheme proposes that a new Con
vention be called, the members of which
are to be elected by voters with qualifica
tiona prescribed by Congress, including
negroes, excluded from voting by our
Constitution. This Convention, thus
elected, is to frame a new Constitution
for the Territory formerly known as the
State of North Carolina. The Constituti
tion when formed is to be approved, not
by the people, who are to lire under it,
but by the Congress of the United Slates.
With power in the Copgress, to approve,
modify, or rejrCt the Bame : and with a
test-oath framed with apparebt intent to
reverse the principle, that the majority of
the people ought to rule.
It is remarkable that the avowed and
prominent prtjectors of this scheme were
distinguished aciars in the organization of
the present Mate government, and have
sought, or hold office under it.
Under thse circumstances, 1 assume
by the choice of my countrymen, the
painfully responsible duties of Governor
of the State, without time, in carefu.'.y
considered commentary, to review these
I can only add to the solemn oath
which I have just taken, that f jeling pro
foundly the responsibility r, the position
- in which I am placed by the confidence
' of my countrymen, I eliai! constantly and
fervently pray that the ruler of the uui
verse will endow me with wiadom equal
to the impending emergencies,
J . desire, inpependent of my
official oath, to nsuntain and defend the
Const5tlU;on of the Ullited Slatcs and the
, f!onstitiitmn nf NnrDi P,ni;r. or,H.
, cannot therefTe. assent to anv f cheme of
! compromise based on the idea that North
i Carolina is not a State of the Amcaican
1 f . i t .
1 moQ. 5. no.r io any sc icme ot amending
iuc ui igi'.iai coH'paci, w uicii me oiaie snau
have no hand in proposing. I feel as'1
profoundly as any body can- feel, the ne-
ccssitv of comDOSinB. on a nermrment
sis, our national dissentions, nnd have
been unable to conceive of any other
means so well adapted to effect this end,
as that prescribed by the wisdom of our
fathers in the fifih article of the Constitu
tion of the United States.
My intercourse with the people cf the
North leads mo to believe ti at the great
body of them do not entertain toward us
the destroying malevol .-nee, which we
would infer from the epecches of many of
their intemperate partizan leaders and a
portion of the press. The great mass of
the nation is patriotic, with becoming
a c r
charity for what thev deem the errors of!
other sections ; but the partizan fury of
ambitious demagogues keeps in restraint
the will ot the great and well meaning
maeses. If a national Convention could
be called, as contemplated in the Consti
tution, these masses, as I believe, would
Gil it with sober, and wise, and patriotic
men. In such a Convention, proper con
cessions would be mide to the feelings
and views of every section. All could be
heard. The spirit cf compromise by
which the parts of a great nation can
alone be held together, wou'd nave its
due weight. Under the provisions of thi3
article, tho amendments to the Constitu
tion, which such national Convention
might propose, would have no validity un
til ratified by thres-fourths of the States.
If my wishes could prevail, North Car
ol'ma wou'd be thi first State ia the Un
ion to hold up to the nation this constitu
tional olive branch.
I trust that I need not assure you that
no act of mine, official or personal, under
any circumstances, will give any counte
nance to the partial scheme of erasing
North Carolina from the galaxy of States
of the American Union. In makingibis
declaraiion I desire to deny the possible
implication that there is, within my know
ledge, any other patriotic citizen of the
State who would voluntarily asseot to
such degradation. '
In my very childhood the lessons of pa
rental instruction taught and impressed
on my heirt affection for the American
Union. The civil War through which we
have passed has rot erased these impres
sions. The reflections of riper years bat
strengthened them. When, in spife of
tny remonstrances, a scional war arose,kia' hands like hell with dat slee! trap "
my sympathies aid my duty, as I-con
ceived, required me to yield obedienca to
the de facto government of the section in
which 1 lived ; but when the party claim
ing to fight to preseive the Union pre
Tailed, I gladly renewed my allegiance to
and wflU now 109 lts dls
picaa lureo iuj U) iuo conciusion
l L . 1 1 Z
Tn9.t tne main &hmnr rF . I
!AB.r.'w T , " ""T. T
rr: r. . wu l" rn
twl Sl,uu;?1 iraiernai leeung wmcn
?3:?, x. b! h.e ?.arn.es wlsb,of eTer7
pa rumc near, s ine laise ana persist-
.v.vuMwvu tuiauu,iSi iruui
midst who seek to make
InA l"lnTaGOlAn that rnm Annitfa nnJ I
... .t..v UUi ,.uu,lo ttuujui.w,
tl a- vlAV-' Q,SCIU,:
nate to the prejudice of Um.n men and
forts cf oor Judiciary, "well known to eve
rybody here, to have justice impartially
administered, a studied enort is persists
enuy kept up, with too much success, to
mislead the minds of well meaning peopla
in tee dominant Mates.
Let us not despair. We still have the
Constitution, which, in tha an?uaze of
the great aud good Gaston, " with all its
pretended defects and all its alleged vio
1 a 1 f m n
laiions, hps couterrea more benefit on
man man ever yet nowea trorn any otbea
.uow.Uv.uu, u.u, unucr vi-ju n ye
be true to ourselves, wi l insure the bles-
sings of liberty to us and our posterity
If this temple of liberty is to be destroy-
ed, l pray that iNorth Carolina may have
no hand in this act of vandalism. Let
us in our forlorn condition emulate the
j .. 1 1 i 1 . -
example of the present chief masistrate
of the nation, who, amidst the tempest of
pany lury which assails him, hrmly steers
tne snip 01 atate by thi3 cnarc ot our lib
erties, ana is thus lnscnomg his name
high on the temple of fame.
Besides the protection to our constitu
tional rights, which the Executive may
give us, I trust and believe the Supreme
Court of the United States, the ultimate
arbiter of such questions, arising under
the constitution, as can be brought under
its jurisdiction, may be relied on for aa
intelligent aud fair discharge of its high
lunouons, ana 1 do not entirely despair
mat congress may oecome Deuer aavisea,
and cease to engender disltke to the Govs
ei uuieni uj uuiauuueu auspicious oi our
t j j J
a uu uui ueem it necessary 10 auu any-
inmg to my recent recommendations as to
sioo (T.:.c ah . u - :r 1
uui ui. auiiis. an iub iuioi itauuu i
have been able to obtain tends strongly
tu vuuiuui mjr rccomuieuuauon, mat we
shorna promptly erect a penitentiary;
buu mai every cmzen oi me oiaie rjy
precept ana example, shonid encourage
uuuieaut; uiaimiaciurere, nu to carry out
this recommendation as far as 1 can, by
examp e, I appear before you to-day,
ciuiucu m uie nanuiwora oi orsa varou-
na manutacturers. ana made up by JNortb
as you are about to leave tor your re-
spective homes, l trust you will feel it
inuivijuinijr yuur uuiy u e.uors your
constituents to attend diligently and
quietly to their respective callings; to
otter no opposition lo any law, State or.
national, wmcn tuey may aeem uncon-
stitutional, excepting through the regu-
lar channel ot tho courts ; to be diligent
in bringing malelactors to justice, and
inereuy giving secumy to uie oraeny.
Uloomy and impoverished ani depress-
ed, as our people, if they continue quiet-
iy to uiscnarge an tneir amies, in tne ena
they may exp?ct the rewards which usu-
allv follow well doin?.
I avail myself of this occasion to re
; turn my thanks to the people of the State
tor 1,10 comparative unanimity with
- U:!, U.m L..A h a . . a 1
reiecicu me as meir
L"1 , u,j i.y m insiio iub
w'ln a those qualities of the head and
' f tbe heart necessary to perform aright,
tne duties ot my responsible position in
this trying period of our history.
The Four Years Work.
"The work of a thousand men for four
years" is the inscription upon the im
mense railroad bridge, which has jnst
been erected across the isusquehannah
river, at liavre de tarace.
"Theicork-of a million of men for four
,iio, i. n.i luoviijinuu iuiiM AiioiAjry la
soon going to write upon 'what t
upon a bridge spanning the stormy erulf
of disunion and civil war, or upon the de-
molished timbers and abutments which
a raginj; flood has swept away ? Upon
the grand temp'e of Constitutional Liber
ty, rescued from the flames of fraternal
strife and respondent with a more radiant
and enduring lustre than in its first es
tate, or upon its fallen wal's, its broken
columns, its altar fires quenched in blood?
Upon a monumental pile of Union, corns
plete and symmetrical in all parts, or upon
a Tower of Babel,- left incomplete and un
finished, commemorative of human folly,
and of the hopeless dispersion of those
by whom it was built?
It remains for the Representatives of
the American People to answer thesa
questions and to decide whether the in
scription which records "the work of a
million of. men for four years shall be
one of GLORY or of SHAME. Baltimore
SnAKixG Hands with a Steel Trap.
The following "good one'" is told of the
illustrious family of Ilannicutt, of which
the Rev. JY W., well known ia this Slate,
and at present editor of the ATetc Nation
at, Richmond, Va., so called a Free Nigi
ger organ, and about the filthiest sheet
ever published, is a worthy descendant :
"A " planter, near Richmond, Va., was
informed one morning, by a faithful
"American" of Eihiope hue, that the d d
niggers was stealing ' ob de corn." The
honest son of Ham was instructed to set
steei trap in the crib and wait 'the re
sult. The next morning Sambo rushed to
his master with the exclamation. ''Bless
the Lord, master, if thar isn't one of dem
i Hunnicut fellers out dar at the crib, sha-
T Tl "NT v"
NO. 5. .
The .Conquered South.
The following, from the pen of the edit
or 01 De Bow's lieview, give expression
to the feelings of .the Southern heart in
this hour of its severest trial,
of responsibility, when the decision against
wis tie swJrd,. wo wiU do the Souih
iAn. nv v,o;f.t; tUj.. f
- I J " " 1 1 V "-J
was enaea. The Uleat, the worththe
. " . . . J
intellect, all that was noble and distios
uishod in the States, from Viria ?o
Texas, the dcendauts of the men who
fought with Washington at Yorktown, of
the Heroes whn fimirpd in 1 tha ro-it
Rha u 1- n ... j
who vindicated' the fame of the nation on
. ... ... " "
the ocean, on the floors of Congres-, in
tho chaIr of the presidoucy or the cabi ict.
in Positions of honor abroad, hackled
on their armor, marshaled their cohorts,
and jn Lot haste rushed to the front. The
exceptions were so few as tot to ffLd the
rule, and we are not now, nor ever have
boon, willing to impugn the motives or to
denounce the men, scattered here and
there in nnstof the States, who constii
tute the exceptions. Let them defend
their records as we do our own.
Was this a rebellion ? were these trai
tors, or did the struggle risa to a greater
and nobler attitude? The Question can
remain for history. Name it it you please,
n0wever harshly, aad where d) you fiad,
in all the histories that yoa have read,
froin those of Thucydides and Livy, down
to Bancroft and Ilildreth. so. uneaual a
- trale main ained withasmnnh fira nd
energy : snch heroism displayed ? How
o n - -
Hany great aim.es were driveu back
what Ciptains fortunes were ruined ;
what S iragossa defenses, as at Charleston
and Vieksburg I Six millions of men
were in deadi struggle against fjur times
that nnmbur ; six mi lions without ship,
with scarcely a gunboat, shut out from
all the world by rigorous blockades, with
out workshops, machinery, or mechanical
aptituJe, without clothing, without arms,
aad 'often without food. Yet the fight went
on four long yeare, until some of your l&ad
ing writers and thinkers began to express
the opinion that Southern Independence
was virtually achieved. These deeds of
daring and heroism, this record of energy
and endurance, startled the European
world) an(1 extortod its admiration, if not
ls friendship. Are the men of the North
less impressible by the morally sublime,
vrhen exhibited by those once their ene
hniei? Can thsy not recognize heroism,
ana claim it as their common hentaja in
tne future? Even heroism, if you plea3e
to say so, in a wrong cause 7
This people have not been degraded or
humbled. It is not in your power, and
you are true statesmen it can not be your
desire to do either. They are your coun
trvmen. and fr eood or ilL vour descend-
aut9 and theirs, in all the ages that are to
come, are likely to mingle together. Their
Cre8t is erect ! Let their losses be ever so
severe, they do not embrace honor.
survives, and fortunately for America
floe3 . for what picture would its republi-
eanism present were the people of one
third of the States, self.acknowledge, to
be degraded and debased! Neither revenge
nor policy could dictate this. Revenge
could not begratitied by sowing the storm
to reap the whirlwind. Policy, ancient
and modern, teaches differently. The
Greeks and Romans conquered the world
by conciliation, laws, liberties, institu
tions. aa well an bv arms. English iiber
ties and the English Constitution have
been maintained by the descendants o
York and Lancaster, of Cromwell and th
Calval'ers. On the field of Bosworth, af
ter the star of Richard had set in blood
jhe princely Richmond could cxcliim,
" Proclaim a pardon to the soldiers fled,
That in submission will return to us ;
And then, as we have taken the Sacrament
e will unite the White Rose and the Red
I Smile Heaven upon this fair conjunction
mat long natn irownea upon tneir enmity
A peop'e with such antecedents as
those of the South cannot submit per
mantly to be lorded over and acknowledge
the authority of a master race. They
may endure for a time, but the wound
will rankle and bleed afresh, and they
will strike back and bite the heel of the
oppressor. . Inextinguishable hatred will
J grow up, and their children, like the in-
i lam, liauumi win uc sworn upuu iuc ainu
of vengi ance. Nor ought the power of
such a race to be despised. Weak it
may be to-day. disorganized and over-
whelmed by defeat, and colossi!, disciplin
ed and organized maybe tha power which
is brought in threatening attitude against
it. Ihere are small accidents in history
which change the relations of peoples.
The weak have but to wattupDn opportu
nity, Ireland, Poland, Italy, Hungary,
will rise and rise again. History is lull
of these examples. A vast military es-
tab ishment, great standing arnr:e3, gnr
risons will be needed here ; and whi.e
their force is expended in crushing re
bellion in one quarter, in such wide do
main, it will ba aroused and rampant in
a hundred others. The tyrant, the op
pressor and the despot will in vain seek
to prevent opportunities which the great
political relations of the world involve,
and he will, even in the grandeur of his
pretentions, tremble before them.
" Who would be free,
Themselves would strike the blow."
But why drive a brave aud earnest
people to df pair ? What great public
purpose can be answered? In what re
spect will the North be happier, wealthier,
most powerful by such a course t What
christian or patriotic instinct can be grati
fied by it? You have said Freemen were
better than slaves, and is the doctrine as
applicable to white men as to negroes ?
Do you not hasten to get rid of the ex
pense and charge of Territories by con
verting thera into States ? Has not Bri'ain
realized a thousand times over profit by
me cnange wmca maae ner colonies in
Do jou wish to make secession odious
and prevent the possibility of its r cur-
rence ? If sharp, fierce, sanguinary war
has not accomplished this, do you think
the meaner remedies of the thumb screw
! and the galleys will avail ? What a com-.
TERMS Otf ADrtiltTISIXGl
' ' ' ,f
. J ." trasiext rates
One square finch Bpnce 1 timej $1
Each subsequent insertion
; . , " JcOKTSACr BATtS.
One square one year, V - s $15
One-fourth eolnmn, - - 50
Oso-half colnmn, J t- S ' - 80
One column, - - - 150
Susiiiess Cards oeenpjhig a sqnar
(ess inserted for Tveniy Dollars a year
V KoEtttly ehaages aSoired. 1
plimcnt you are paying to a people whose
standarls have all gone down, and the de'v
bris only of , w hose powers ear vives. .
" There be six Richmonds in the field-
Five have I slain lody VI - - . x
I ho South went down under your, erf
h oris and your legions ; but having gono "
HnurTi vitti tin," Ht.tftj1 - Ami hoAnVtnir tftni)
wasted, with her cities destroyed, her war.
riors scattered, and Weeding,' and dead,
her resources exhausted, ancf her people !
clothed in snck cloth and in ashes, yoursf
is a magnificent tribrrte; When behind" "
every bush you see ber bayonets gleam "
ing still. Compos1? yourselves. The work
is done done eliicicntiy ana tinaiiy. lher
issue, which was made fairly was as fair. ?
ly decided. In appealing to the sword,- ,
its arbiTaaeat was ucceptei. ' Peoples
know no higher courts, and Congress nray "
decide as they pleaso -tbe bayonet (jives ...
the law. From the Chesapeake to El Passe -f.
the JSoutn tells yotf this, tier -'Legists
all solemnly and emphatiCiillv declare it . .
auu uiivinz uiscoverea tneir iratn ani
1 : l . 3 .1 ... . .1
pnmoatnOSll wbon t-Vlmr tnl.l -rmn tk.t frTKow
meant war. Can von not trust them now
when they tell you that they mean peace.
permanent and lasting peace ? Moreover
the issues which resulted in warareex'i' cf
f new ones arise, they are as likely to
be such as will disturb tho peace of t lie-
North as ours. -;No man in oar domain,
unless within the walls of a lunitic asy
lum, dreams of resistence to a power
which, in the heyday of our prosperity
and might, bore so overwhelmingly, and
resistlesly upon us. The Government of
the United States is our only Government, :
awl in-its honor and glory must, we find .
ours ? 1
CIvc r Temper.
Nuver marry a woman without a (em-' ,
r 1 -That is strange advice we . know j '
but it wi 1 be found good advice. Tem
per is a good thing in a woman ; fur with' '
the spirit which accompanies temper alv
ways come activity, energy, industry, Or
proper personal pride, and the self-respect
which insures honor and a sound reputa
tion. A woman without temper may bo
a very amiable creature, she may be'
charming company for a short time ; but
she must be deplorably insipid for a long,
intimacy. V Without temper she must be
slow, dull, timid and irresolute, as piquanf
as dish-water, and as palatable as stale
beer. We never could endure the " eter
nal blue" of the sky of July. The climate'
of countries where the air is ever calm
and the sun ever bright is detestable in1
its monotony, however delightful for a
short experience. And just so it is with
woman. Give us smiles and tears : give
us sunshine and storms; give us the busy;
bustling, driving restliness which, per -force,
uses itselt up at one time, and Is
succeeded by a temporary calm, made all
the more enjoyable by the previous dis
turban ce. .
In short, give as temper in a wife ; for'
you have only to study how to manage it
(and it can be managed) to make yours-
alternately one of the happiest and most
miserable dogs in existence. There
nothit g like temper! It is the Worces
tershire sauce in the human disposition
which bestows on it all is luxurious pi
Useful. Few readers can be awire
until they have had occasion to test the9
ai)t, how much labor of research fa often
saved by such a table as the following i
1607 Virginia settled by the English.
1614 N. Y. first settled by the Dutch.
1620 Mass. settled by the Puritans.
1623 N. H. settled by the Puritans.
1624 New Jersey settled by the Dutch5.-
1625 Deleware settled by the Swedes.
1635 Ot. settled by the Puritans. .
1636 R. I. sett'ed by R ger Williams,
1650 N. C. aettled by the English.
1670 S. 0. settled by the Huguenots.
1692 Penn. settled by William Penn.
1773 Ga. settled by Gen. Oglelhrope:
1791 Vermont admitted into the Unwrit-
1792 Ky. admitted into the Union.
1296 Tenn. admitted into the Union.
1802 Ohio admitted into the Union
1811 La., admitted into the Union.
1816 Ind. admitted into the Union.
1817 Miss, admitted into the Unionf.
1818 111. admitted into the Union.
1819 Ala: admitted into the Union.-
1820 Maine admitted into the Union
1821' Missouri admitted into the Uniori.
183G Arkansas admitted inso the Uniort
1S45 Florida admitted into the Union.
1845 Iowa admitted into the Vnion.
184S Wis. admitted into the Union.
1850 Cal. admitted into the Union.
Sat No I Are you solicited to engager
in any pursui's, or to enter into any en
gaments which your consc?ences reject,
or which you foresee wi't bring a cloud
on yo'ir prospects of honor and nsefuK
ness ? Thou snail say, no." Are yoa
pressed to grant favors or indulgences to
persons who have no right to ask them
or who can only be injured by thera
favors or indulgencos, too. that you arff
not in a condition to bestow consistently
with YGur other engagements ? ' 1 bout
shalt say, No." Are you importuned to
join in any amasemen's, to consent to any
measures which you believe will sully tho
purity of your character, or lesson the
weight of your good influence, or in any
way exert a mischievous effect on society?
"Thou shalt say No." Let the conses
quences be what thv may, " Thou shall
say, No." James ITulkcr,
Editors write some remarkably t.'Hith
fal paragraphs sometimes, but ney er yet
has ooe compressed so much in so small a
compass as the ons who penned the fal
lowing which wc fiad credited merely to
an "exchange." - "
' Editing a newspaper is a good deal like
making a fire. Everbody supposes he
can do a little better than anyrody e'se.
We have seen people doubt their fitneaj ,
for apple-pedd'.ing, or ox driving. anct;:
counting laths ; but in a'l our experience?
we never met with that individual who
did not think Le could double the clrcti'
latioa cf any paper iu two month &'