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“The Nineteenth Century.”
In the recent number of The Nine teenth Century, Prof.. Groldwin Smith assailed the Jews and Judaism in a manner not at all calculated to breed ’’ Jpeace between the “outcast race” and those with whom circumstances have compelled it to associate. Naturally enough the offense was not overlooked. Numerous members mooted the ques tion, and finally Rabbi Herman Adler, abler and bolder than his brethren, took up the cause, and in the April Century retaliated with an incisive and compre - hensive reply. This reply has effectively driven the aggressor into a corner. Adler’s defense was able and covered - the whole ground. From the chronicles of history he gave the best proof that any Jew, whether “genuine” or other wise, was as properly qualified to be a patriot as the best Englishman alive. Smith, in his reply to this defense, care fully and in a rather cowardly manner avoids making any answer to the great number of strong points set forth by Adler. He evades them in a way that is clever but hardly commendable : “Dr. Adler says that, of the two hun dred thousand volunteers in England, two thousand are Jews. I am not con cerned to question that statement, or to ask how far it is fortified by the number of Jewish enlistments in our regular army. Nor am I concerned, when Dr, Adler speaks of the Jewish soldiers who fought in ' the German army, to call .attention to the qualifying fact that in Germany military service is compulsory. s These are indications of the gradual modification, already mentioned, of the tribal exclusiveness and the migratory character of the Jewish race by the powerful and genial influences of modern Europe. They do not prove that Judaism proper is not what it is in general taken to be. As to the employment of Jews wk&t+was~eeFiainlr much more common) fiscal agents, by kings and caliphs in former days, I am surprised that Dr. Adler should see in it any proof that the Jews of those days were patriots.’’ Ignoring all things else, Smith falls back on the Jewish religion. This he makes his stronghold, his refuge. He contends that as long as the religion of the Jew is tribal and not universal it is impossible for the Jew to be a patriot. The Methodist or Unitarian is not affected by his religion. It does not interfere with him as soldier, citizen, or patriot. But Judaism is in every sense of the word antagonistic to the Jew being of any account outside of his own premises. An idea of Smith’s bitterness toward the race may be had from the following: “Among the great calamities of history must be numbered the expatriation of the Jews and their dispersion through the world as a race without a country, under circumstances which intensified their antagonism to mankind and forced them more and more as objects of aver sion and proscription to live by such arts as were sure at once to sharpen the com mercial intellect and to blunt the con science,. the more so as they were placed beyond the healthy pale of public opinion and could look to no moral judgment but that of a tribe.’’ Again: “Let me repeat that no human being can feel more strongly than I do the debt of historic gratitude due to the Jewish race. as the leader, while it was in Zion, of spiritual life, and the race / CIRCULAR. A chaste and comprehensive Jewish Journal seems to be a necessity in this city. We have undertaken the task of publishing such a paper, and hope to meet with the encour agement of all classes of citizens. We have engaged in the editorial management the best talent suited for the purpose. The following are the rules which we have laid down for the conduct of “ The Jewish Advance.” 1. The news of the day, pertaining to social interest in gen eral and to Jewish society in particular, shall be condensed in the columns of The Jewish Advance in brief and comprehensive par agraphs. For this purpose we have ordered exchanges from Ger many, France, England, Russia, etc., and we have opened a correspondence witli many personal friends, both here and in Europe. We will thus be able to give our readers items of interest from the first sources, and earlier than any other journal of the kind. 2. Domestic and local news we will also gather from the first source. No correspondence will be accepted unless we shall know the writer to be a responsible and fair-minded person. . In religious and social matters, we will allow fair play to the opinions of our contributors ; but we will reserve the privilege to reject or correct all such contributions, which might be displeasing to good 'taste. 3. "We shall endeaver to promote every good measure, which will be advanced either by our venerable contemporaries, or by any of our representative men for the welfare and elevation of our race. - 4. Our belletristio part will consist of original stories, sketches, essays, etc., either from our own pen or from that of oui: con tributors. We^will give all encouragement to domestic talent. 5. In our editorial articles, the questions of Lhe day will be treated;, in "‘The Pulpit” department we will bring synoptw-i of sermons and lectures by our representative pulpit orators; in the ‘‘Students’ Column” chips of learning and wisdom will be brought; and the German Department, (embracing the 6th and 7th pages,) will also be varied with matters of good taste and useful information. 6. The Jewish Advance will have a Getl^n^ar of Lodges, Congregations and important social meetings in which every movement of general interest will be noted downr-J We shall be thankful to lecturers, ministers and presidents of social organizations, if they will send us subjects of lectures or impor tant debates to be announced beforehand. Besides these regulations we shall endeavor to introduce as many useful and agreeable features in “The Jewish Advance;-” as time and experience may suggest. We shall strive to be pleas ing and useful, and hope that the confidence and support of all fair-minded people will assist us to a successful career, which may be an honor to the Israelites of our city and a benefit to many. Keep your copies of the Jewish Advance on file, they will make a useful and interesting volume at the end of six months. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION STRICTLY IN ADVANCE.* For a year, postage prepaid, - $3.00 I For six months, postage prepaid, - $1.75 Sample copies will be sent free to any address. Agents will receive a liberal discount. HENRY GERSONI, Editor. MAX STERN, Publisher. Iggr* Please fill out the subscription blank on 8th page, and ad dress : “The Jewish Advance,” Nos. 84 & 86 Fifth Ave. Chicago, 111. which, when the hour was come, &ave birth to the apostles of Galilee. "What the Judaism of Galilee was we can only very dimly discern, but we may be suro that to the Judaism of the stock ex change it bore no moral relation what ever.” A little of Smith’s personal feeling toward Adler is evinced in such extracts as this : "Such, then, is my position. If it is erroneous, the best way to convince mo and many others of our error is to tell us exactly what Judaism is, whether it, is a religion of race or not; if it is a religion of race, how it can be universal* not tribal ; and at the same time what is its political bearing, and what are the relations between country and race in the mind of a strict Jew. It is needless to say that there is no one who could give us the information with authority equal to that of Dr. Adler." milling buck entirely as he does upoa^ Judaism, Prof. Smith succeeds in making a very weak reply to his able adversary. He mentions Methodism and Unitarian ism, but he absolutely forgets those other religions that are as much tribal as Judaism, and which do not in any way interfere with patriotism. More over, Prof. Smith attempts to stab under cover. Adler met him as man to man. On Adler’s part there was no cowardice, no flinching. He had,been insulted, and he indignantly threv^/j^pk the insult. He did not throw it b^Blj^yith the hypo critical smile, but^wm. hopest anger. Smith hits back undercover. When pretending that the mattef is of no moment to him whatever, he sends poisoned arrow after arrow. He is only going to "venture briefly to reply to Rabbi Adler,” and then uses more than a dozen pages of The Century to express his venom. He “happens to be leaving England, h&S.neither the time nor the neces*_i sary appliances at hand for fully entering into some of the theological and histor ical questions raised by Rabbi Adler,” and yet he crushes Adler in these mat ters^ with a sarcasm and indifference worse than the most comprehensive dis cussion could do. The expression of Smith s rage at Adler’s personal remarks is a type of his feelings in regard to his latters : M&d with some irsomiT—*__ a notice of which on my part would iTot' enhance the dignity of the discussion, or bring us nearer the truth.” — Chicago Times• remarks of a rather A Grave Discrepancy. “Only last month a prominent clergy man of New England, Rev. Washington Gladden, in the Independent, strongly condemned the practice of Orthodox Christians mingling socially with those whose views were heterodox. He says that the Bible lays on Christians the imperative duty of ‘shutting the doors of our houses upon them’; and adds : ‘We do not any longer curse the “un sound” teacher. We pass polite and complimentary resolutions about him. We do not refuse to associate with error ists. We sit at their tables and they at ours ; we dance at their weddings and weep at their funerals. How shall this grave discrepancy between precept and practice be explained ?’ ”—Albany Ex press. May such discrepancies increase in number and in gravity, and may Rev. Gladden live to see and to enjoy them. He is too good for heaven.