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delivered every year at the distribution
of prizes for that society. He was also treasurer of the Talmud Torah Society, established in the year 1852. Every Chanucah, he held a conference, at which a summary of the literary work of the society, and of Judaism in general, dur ing the year, was given. His extempo raneous discussions on such occasions were highly admired for the great learn ing and quick perception which they evinced. Here is a list of the other societies in which Albert Cohn took an active part: The Society Hachnassath Kallali, es tablished in the year 1844; Mme. James de Rothschild, Pres.; Albert Cohn, Sec retary. “ Work for the Benefit ot Lymg-in Women,” established in the year 1864— Mme. Joseph Halphen, Pres.; Albert Cohn, Financial Secretary. The “Society of Good Books,” (a publication society which has issued many useful books; among others, the Family Bible and the Hebrew-French Dictionary, by Sander and Trenel); es tablished in the year 1854. The Scientific Literary Society, estab lished by Hippolyte Rodrignes in the year 1865. The Society “ Mekize Virdomim,” for the publication of ancient Hebrew manu scripts established in Lyck, Prussia, in the year 1861, by E. L. Silverman* The “Rabbinical Mission Work in France,” called into existence by Grand Rabbin Isidor, on occasion of the erec tion of the new synagogue, and for the purpose of fusing the German with Port uguese ritual in one. Albert Cohn was member of that society first, and Vice President in the year 1869, The “ Society for the Aid of the Jews of Palestine.” The “ Bischoffsheim Institution,” for boys, established in the year 1864. Al bert Cohn was a member of the board of that institution. The “ Bischoffsheim Institution,” for girls, inaugurated in the year 1872. The “Alliance Israelite,” Albert Cohn was elected a member of the board in the year 1668. The “ Central Consistory of French Israelites,” for Oran. Albert Cohn was elected a member in the year 1868, and was appointed President of the School Committee in the year 1873. * This Society has of late dwindled down to a discreditable private concern on account of mismanagement.—Ed. J. Adv. [to BE CONTINUED.] [Copyright Secured.J fERDlNAND ]..ssASSALLE; A Biographical and Characteristic Sketch. [Adapted from the German.] Part I. Lassalle Before the Agitation. Chapter V. The difference between Heraclitus and Lassalle consists only in this; that from she writings of ancient Greek, it is easy to see how, notwithstanding his great respect for the general, he was compelled to stand up in decided oppo sition against the anarchy of his native city, Ephesus—while it is difficult to perceive how Lassalle, by his analogical principles of state, could arrive at prac tical consequences which were more in the spirit of Rosseau than of Hegel. This can be ascribed only to a moral di vergence within himself, which is fre quently to be noticed in prominent per sons. By instinct and by the force of his original principles, Lassalle was a worshipper of intelligence, of objective reason, and therefore also a sanguine opponent, even a despiser of public opinion and of majorities. By his con victions, however, and by reason of his political and practical principles, he was a perfect Democrat, a consistent and suc cessful advocate of the rights of voting for the people, the first in the field to fight for a kind of anarchy which had no precedent in history. An aristocrat in spirit and a social Democrat! A contra diction which may be wrell understood, but which no person in the world may embrace within himself with impunity. The moral contradiction, which we have just delineated, was expressed in a ma terial form when Lassalle, dressed with the utmost elegance, in the finest linen and in the most fashionable patent leather boots, addressed himself to and in a circle of unwashed and unshaven rough workingmen. But if in the aforegoing instance a de cided contrast existed between Lassalle and the great philosopher whom he so greatly admired, the points of similarity between them are easily found out from the description of Heractitus’ person ality and of his incomparable self-con sciousness. What idea must the man have had of his own worth, who said re peatedly that “ all men were without reason, that he alone was conscious; all the rest acted as though they were asleep ” (Vol. I, pages 269 and 281); or who said of his fellow-citizens not only that “ they deserve to be hanged because the masses feed like cattle,” but also, on the occasion of the expatriation of his friend Hermodoros, he has made the re mark : “ All the Ephesians when they grow of age ought to be strangled, and those who are not of age should leave the city, because they have driven away the best man they had in their midst, saying : No excellent man shall be with us, and if one is an excellent man he must go to live with others.” (Yol. I, page 442). There can be no doubt that such sentiments often crowded them selves in Lassalle’s mind when, a year before his death, he found himself hated and calumniated everywhere, with the prospect of a life-long imprisonment be fore him, with the government and the press raging against him, and when he was met with indifference even by those whom he had desired to help, and for whose sake he had sacrificsd rest and peace. One of the finest parallels to the above quoted sayings of Heractitus can be found in Lassalle’s elegantly writ ten “ melancholical meditation,” at the conclusion of his work on “ Capital and Labor:” it fully expresses the bitter sen timents and the contempt for the masses which the author had. “ This fatuity of the people, in the land of Lessing and Kant, Schiller and Goethe, Fichte, Schelling and' Hegel ! Have really those heroes of the mind swaroed away over our heads like a flock of cranes? Has nothing been left for the nation of all the intense spiritual labor, of the moral revolution which they have wrought—nothing, nothing at all? And does the German spirit consist only of a number of isolated individuals each of whom, having taken possession of the bequest of his predecessors, worked on in bitter contempt for his con temporaries alone, and without any bene fit for the nation? By what curse have the citizens been disinherited, that from all the great work of culture which has been accomplished in their midst, that from the whole atmosphere of education, not a single drop of refreshing dew fell upon the minds which are growing al ways more barren as time advances? The citizen commemorates our thinkers on festive days, because he has never read their works ! He would burn those works if he had read them.He speaks with enthusiasm of our poets* because he can recite one or two verses of their poetry, or he has seen a piece or two on the stage—but never has he given his mind to comprehend their views of the world ! ” IDYLLIC POETRY. There are flowers whose beauty needs no discoverer. A tangle of white roses, creeping up the arms of an ancient yew, a regiment of lilies in a cottage garden —these, and such as these, cannot es cape notice. Whoever passes that way in his daily walks must see them, unless the seeing eye has been denied him. They command attention and admira tion. There is no need of sending wor shipers to their shrine. Rut if per chance some lover of flowers knows where to find the ivy-leafed campanula, or, better still, if he can tell of a spot under fragrant fir trees where the tal[ gentian hides its delicate blue blossoms among thick masses of heath, we may thaink him for the tidings, for we might live long in the neighborhood and never chance upon these hidden beauties. So in the world of poetry. There are poems which cannot be compared to any single flower, but rather to the tops of a tropi cal forest, filled with light, motion and color. These belong to the epic order. Others are small, and make a single im pression, but are perfect in form, color and fragrance, like the rose. Such are many lyrical poems, which live in the remembrance of every reader. These do not require to be discovered by a wan derer in by-paths. But there are flowers which not every one loves, and some who pass them by would pronounce their form insignificant, their tints faded, their scents unpleasing. The discovery of their charms is the reward of the careful and close observer. So there are poems which are special favorites with a few> but which others count slight and fanci ful, best left in obscurity. The judgment of the majority sets this mark upon idyl lic poetry. Even the greatest poems in this order have not been universally ad mired. But, as the observer of nature will bring a friend to the flower which, as he thought, gave a nymph-like grace to the copse, lent a special charm to the moor, or lit up the river bank, so the reader of poetry will try to impart to others the pleasure he has received Definitions are always difficult to frame’ and in matters of poetry often impossi ble. Idyllic poetry cannot be defined in terms that would satisfy a logician. It were as easy to describe a mass of cloud and shower one sees passing along the mountainous coast across an arm of the sea, with a square block of hill in black shadow to the left, while the rounded mist and streaming rain were lit with wonderful yet delicate color—no positive tints like those of a sunset—but a mar velous inweaving of subtlest harmonies. It was a sight to see, to remember, to dream of; not to describe, scarcely even for the genius of Turner himself to paint. Neither can idyllic poetry be defined, for the effects on which it depends are often equally subtle. Idyllic poems cannot be caught and penned, like a flock of sheep in a pound, until they are all numbered. The idyll has a habit of breaking bounds, and may be found now and then in epic territory. The idyllic sentiment is not unfrequently to be seen in lyrical poetry? and sometimes an epigram looks decided ly idyllic. There is no outward and vis ible sign separating idyllic from epic poetry, except the apparently trivial mark of length. The idyll cannot be long, neither can the true epic be short. The sweep and mighty current which are necessary characteristics of the lat ter are characteristically absent from the former. On this side, as, perhaps, in a less degree, on the other, the distinction must be felt rather than seen. The idyll is less elevated in tone than the epic, less intense than lyrical poetry.—Mac millan's Magazine. IMPURE WATER. Next to eating comes drinking, and few things are more destructive to health than the use of impure water. This is clearly demonstrated by the fact that a pitcher of iced water placed in a room inhabited, will in a few hours have ab sorbed nearly all the perspired gases of the room, the air of which will have be come purer, but the water utterly filthy. This depends on the fact that water has the faculty of condensing, and thereby absorbing nearly all the gases, which it does without increasing its own bulk. The colder the water is, the greater its capacity to contain these gases. At or dinary temperature, a pint of water will contain a pint of carbonic acid gas and several pints of ammonia. The capacity is nearly doubled by reducing the tem perature to that of ice. Hence, water kept in the room awhile is always unfit for use, and should be often removed,, whether it has become warm or not—and for the same reason, the water in a pump should all be pumped out in the morning before any is used. That which has stood in a pitcher over night is not fit for coffee water in the morning. Impure water is more injurious to health than inpure air, and every person should pro vide the means of obtaining fresh, pure water for all domestic uses. Another Cry of Distress. New York, August 19th, 1878. Intelligence from Morocco confirms the statements made in June of heart rending distress in the famine-stricken districts of the empire. It is supposed that two millions of people are affected? and a very large proportion will suffer from actual starvation. At Mogador alone, over 2,500 Israelites are reported as needing food. The resources of the local committees, assisted by the impe rial officials, are taxed to the utmost. The United States and British Con suls at Tangier and Mogador write in terms of earnest sympathy, and urge the necessity of prompt assistance. Several of our clergy in this city have kindly un- * dertaken to receive subscriptions, and this committee will cordially co-operate, believing that American Israelites, not withstanding recent and pressing calls at home, will desire to contribute to the relief of their afflicted brethren in Mo rocco. Donations (which will be promptly transmitted to Mogador) may be sent to any of our ministers, or to Myer S. Isaacs, President, 243 Broadway, N. Y. Simon Wolf, Vice President, Washington, D. C. Wm, B. Hacrenburg, Vice President, Philadelphia, Pa. Hezekiah Kohn, Treasurer, Greene Street, N. Y. A. L. Sanger, Secretary.