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Execute the Judgment of Truth and Peace in your dates.
A WEEKLY JOURNAL DEVOTED TO SOCIAL INTERESTS AND PROGRESSIVE JUDAISM. VOL. I CHICAGO, OCTOBER 18, 1878 No. 19 SONNET OF NIGHT Mysterious Xight! when first our parent know Thee front report divine,and heard^thy name. Did he not tremble for this lovely frame. This glorious canopy of light and blue? Yet ’neath a curtain of translucent dew Bathed inthera.vs of the great setting flame, Hesperus with the host of heaven came, And lo! creation widened in man’s view. Who could have thought such darkness lay concealed Behind thy beams. <) Sun’/ Or who could find. Whilst Hy, and leaf, and insect stood revealed. That to such countless orbs thou mad’st us blind'/ Why do we. then, shun death with anxious strife’/ If Light can thus deceive, wherefore not Life? I. Blanco White, in the Index. -♦.<♦►-4— (For the Jkwish Advanok. ALBERT COHN. ( (’on tin ai d.) XI. la tin* mouth of June. 1S(54, Albert ■Cohn made a third journey to the Holy Land. On hiss way he visited Alexan "iiiPi- ^yhoro W4b**«4 whhJi lie had established, in a very prosperous "Condition, He was received with hon ors by the Egyptian institution of that •city, and lie lectured before that society •on “Orientalism in Paris. He also stopped at Cairo, where he found the schools less prosperous than those at Alexandria, and tried to put them on a better footing. At Jerusalem he found everything in the best order. The administration of the hospital was conducted in the best manner, “There is no uniformity in the Orient,” he said, quoting the words of Renan and of Prince de Galles. "The Apprentice institution : bad borne good fruit, and it appeared to Albert Cohn, who was so apt to yield himself to pleas ant illusions, that the future of the Jew ish eommunitv of Jerusalem was full of hope and promise. A spirit ot tolera tion seemed to prevail in the Holy City. The Governor-General of the city, I / aet-Pasha, was very kindly disposed to ward the Jews. The Jews had been -frequently maltreated in the streets airound the Church of the Holy Sepul chre; the Christian children ran after them, throwing stones, and insulting them when they chanced to pass. But Pater Joseph Carlotti, the \icarof the Holy Land, and Apostolic Penitential of Jerusalem, gave orders in the pres ence of Albert Cohn that such abuses •should never occur again. Tn order to •convince the people that the orders were earnestly meant, and that the feel ings were altogether amicable between the Jews and the Christian church, Al bert Cohn paid a visit to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, in company with Mr. Altaras, of Marseilles, who was at Jerusalem at that time. Before he left she »oity. lie hold service .at the .hospital iii memory of Solomon <le llethschild. and distributed SMi.bOO to the indigent on that occasion. Albert Cohn had never yet visit ed the interior of the eofmtry. lint this time he resolved visit the Jewish community of Damascus. On •July 20. he laid the foundation-stone for the first school in that city. Mr. Che rnaya Angel, a prominent Israelite of Damascus, donated the plot of ground for the establisument, and also part of the means to accomplish the structure. The (Jovernor of the. city. Mehemet Huchdi Pasha, the llussian Consul. Mr. Makeff. and the Austrian Managing Consul. Mr. Elias, graced the occasion wite their presence. Albert Cohn de live red three orations —one in Arabic, one in French, and a third one in He brew. A painful remembrance was connected with this ceremony. -Just twenty-four years previous to that oc casion the -Jewish community had suf fered the greatest indignities on account of the ‘"Father Thomas' affair (mention ed in our last )., in which even the foreign ..cniisi... this day. however.’they took part in a celebration of a Jewish community, and manifested sincere sympathy. What a difference in the situation the progress of time has produced ! Albert Colin whose imagination never failed to take notice of such contrasts, improved the opportunity to impress his audience most deeply with the idea of toleration and with charitable sentiments towards one another. During the ceremony he deposited a coin by the effigy of the Sul tan. as a token of respect for the gov ernment. He donated the sum of 2,000 francs to the school, in the name of Baron James de Rothschild, and an nounced that the Alliance Israelite would contribute 1,000 francs every year toward the current expenses of the school. He also distributed 500 francs among the poor. After his return to Paris. Albert Colin did not lose a single instance to manifest his interest in the Jews of the East. In 1805 the cholera and other diseases broke out in Smyrna. Constantinople, and Je rusalem. and in addition to this, famine prevailed throughout the East. Albert Cohn made a petition to the Grand Itab bin Isidor. and had it signed by many of his friends, that means be devised in fa rm-of the Oriental sufferers. In 186(5 the cholera raged again in the Holy City, and Albert Cohn made ready to go thither to assist the sufferers in person. But the news arrived that the disease had ceased, and he gave up his purpose, In 1869 he made his last and most suc cessful pilgrimage to the Holy Land. This time he took his road via. Ger many, Austria. Serbia. Roumania. and the Northern Turkish Provinces, direct ly to Constantinople. Wherever he ar rived he was received with all marks of respect ;md admiration. At A ienna lie visited the ministers of State. -Air. do Beust and Mr. Hoffmann; at Pestli he paid a visit to Count Andrassy and to Baron Kotvos. At Belgrade the Consul General of France introduced him to the Regent. Bepnie. Albert Cohn interceded before the latter in behalf of the Serbian Jews. So. also, did he at Bucharest ap peal in behalf of the Roumanian Israel ites before the President of the Court of Appeals, the Prince being absent from the capital at the time of his visit. The Jewish communities received him with enthusiasm everywhere, and listened at tentively to his discourses at the syna gogues or at special meetings which had been called in other localities to honor him. Tin* theme of these discourses was was the action of the Alliance Ts melitc l ii lrcrscl/c. the ties of consolida tion and fraternity which that corporation had created among the Israel its, and the happy results of its labors in the East. By all his works during his lifetime, Al bert Cohn was the right hand of the Al liance. At Vienna and at Pesth his pyodjjseda creation of a branch b ra elite. at the former city is to be ascri bed to his efforts in the year 1869. The Jewish communities of Rustchouk, Var na, and Belgrade gave brilliant balls in his honor. He arrived at Constantino ple on October 29. The next day was a Sabbath, and Albert Cohn preached in the Italian Synagogue, and inspired the audience with his eloquence. He subsequently visited the Jewish schools which had been established in various quarters of that large city. Here is a list of those schools: The School of llaskeui. under the direction of Mr. Sclunoll ; one of Couscoundjouk, under the direction of Mr. Cohn ; one at Ballata ; a school for youug girls, conducted by Miss Mizrahi, and lastly, the Lyceum of (falata-Serai, which had at that time an attendance of about thirty Jewish scholars. On Nov ember 2d Albert (John embarked for Jerusalem. At Jaffa ho met Mr. Charles Net ter, who had just established in that city the agricultural school which bears his name. The Emperor of Austria was at Jerusalem at that time. Here is the report of the subsequent events of that time, written by Albert Cohn himself: “The Emperor has visited the Hospi tal. and was very favorably impressed. “As a token of bis satisfaction, he bes towed on l)r. London, tin* Director of “the Hospital, the honors of Knight of “the Order of France-Joseph. ... He “visited the Spanish Synagogue and the “school of Mine. Her/,. . . . The school “for young girls is a perfect jewel of an “establishment. . . . The School of Blu “menthal. with an attendance of sixty “scholars, and that of Mine. Herns, with "an attendance of forty, render valuable S “services. . . . The Industrial School "and the institution for lying-in wo "nieii continue to extend their beneficial "work among the poor. " We have performed to-day (Nov. i "15th) a very interesting ceremony in | "the Synagogue of the Hospital. Yes terday I spoke before a large audience | "at the Spanish Synagogue ; to-day 1 | "have at the Synagogue of the Aslika j "nazim lighted the urr tumid in two ‘‘lamps which had been sent by Mine, de “Rothschild, in memory of her deceased “husband, Anselm. . . . 4,000 francs “distributed among the poor in the name "of Mine. Rothschild and her children ; ! "2,000 francs donated to the patients | "and nurses of the Hospital, have pro I "dueed a noticeable comfort among the ■poor. . . . 1 he Austrian Emperor was '‘pleased to donate 1,000 francs toward “the construction of a Synagogue which “is being built, and another 1,000 francs “for the erection of a house of dwelling “for the poor. ... I had the honor of “being received by the Emperor in the “presence of all the Catholic clergymen, “and to explain the Birchath Oohanim. fjj# was deeply,impressed -with- iny.4x “phination, and thanked me heartily, “lie also informed me that he had noiu “inated the Hacham- Bashi Rabbi, Abra “liarn Ashkenazi, and the Bar ness of the “Portugese community,as Knights of the “Order of France-Joseph. The Count “Cadoga was ordered to call Mr. “Funk Captain of a frigate, Lieuten ant-Colonel, Aid-de-Camp of the Ad “miral Tegethoff. I was verry happy to “see a co-religionist so highly placed in “the suit of the Emperor.” This was the last journey of Albert Cohn in the East. He will never be for gotten in the communties of the Holy Land for the promotion of whose welfare he has labored so ardently. [To be continued.] Tin: JEWS OF RUSSIA. The .Jttn/isclw Pirssc pubishes an in teresting article on the condition of the Jews of Russia, from which the follow ing is extracted : Russia contains a Jewish population of 3,000,000 souls, which is a larger num ber than is to be found in the rest of Europe. One might, therefore, think that the Russian Government would show more interest in the state of the Jews than any other government. The reverse, however, is the case, for the laws of the Empire contain a number of narrow-minded restrictions relating to t-lu* Jews, which in other countries have long since been discontinued. The Russian Jew possesses no other rights or privileges than those which may be granted to him under exception al circumstances. Thus the Jews, though subjects of the state, really ap pear to be aliens, only enjoying the rights of citizenship by way of favor. But, for all that, they have to pay taxes and are liable to military service like the rest of the population. If the Jews wish to enjoy equal rights with other