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" voi. 3. _Chicago and Cincinnati, Saturday, October i>, isso._tTHvire&?r 5rjiTi nq. 41.
The &WEsz-rlist. A RELIGIOUS AND FAMILY WEEKLY. Universalist Publishing House, PUBLISHER*. CHARLES CAVERLY, General Agent. Issued b\ Western Brandi. 69 Dearborn St., Rooms 40 and 4l, c:-i:caoo, H £*, LORD & THOMAS, MANAGERS ADVERTISING DEPARTMENT. Ten-15: Postage Paid, .S‘3..r»0 A Year, in A <1 vainer*. Sample Copies Free. Western Advisory Board V/m. H. Ryder, D. D., Hon. John R. Buchtel, 0. A. Pray Rev. V/. S. Crowe, Chas. L. Hutchinson. Entered at the Postoffice as Second-Class Mail Matter ,ssS—pexinl Contrihutm . +<.> 4 THE INDIAN QUESTION—THE MIS SION INDIANS. By Mhs. O. J. Hil.es. (Milwaukee, Wis.) It is well to discuss the history of the Indians, since the settlement of Amer ica by the whites, from a general stand point, making general assertions, and proving general positions ; it is better for any interest that may be brought to center upon the subject, to particular ize, and from individual cases draw general conclusions. We might study, abstractly, “the sins of the world” for a lifetime, but we should not consider with adeieiminaticn for their removal, “those which so easily beset us,” un less we brought our knowledge to bear upon ourselves, as individuals. In like manner, if we inquire into the oppres sion, fraud, treachery, and injustice that have been inflicted upon one tribe of Indians, or upon the different tribes of one section, we shall be able better to understand what is meant when these terms are applied to the treat ment of the Indians in general. If we take, for instance, the Mission Indians of California, we shall Cud that their history differs materially from the his tory of any tribe east of the Rocky Mountains; bj^t we shall And, also, “ that the difference lies, not so much In" the quality and quantity of the suffer ings inflicted and endured, as in the difference of nature between the Indi- \ aus of the Eastern and Western slopes. Although for many years they were treated with Christian kindness and consideration, that did not set them apart as having had special, or, in con nection witli their subsequent hard ships, more trying experiences. The justice of Penn and his associates, as to its immediate results, may be com pared to the Christian forbearance of the Mission Fathers; and its effects in rendering the recipients more sus ceptible to the wrongs afterward in flicted, may be equally compared. In following, then the* history of the M's sion Indians of California, we may feel assured that could as definite informa tion concerning all the other tribes he obtained, it would be fouud that Cali- | forma can claim no monopoly of skill in means devised for ridding herself of the “savages.” In every oilier instance the measure of injustice has been heaped, and running over. In 1768, the king of Spain having pre viously given the missions and property of the Jesuit missionaries in Lower California, to the Franciscan order—the Viceroy of Mexico determined, if possi ble, to settle and civilize the upper province. Accordingly, and in further ance of this project, lie appointed the Padre Junipero, missionary piesideut of Upper California, giving him sixteen friars to aid him in his work. Soldiers, for protection from the Indians, accom panied the expedition. They who sur vived the long passage, reached Sau Diego on the first of July, 1769. Fif teen days afterward, at an Indian town called Cosoy, four miles from Sau Diego, Father Junipero and two of his associ ates laid the foundation of the first mission building. At this, as after ward, at all of the principal missions, fortifications, called “Presidios,” were constructed; tire Presidio was first erect ed for the soldiers; then, w ithout de lay. the foundation of the church was laid, and the work of gathering the In dians at once entered upon. The com ing of the Fathers to these untaught children of the mountains was a mo mentous event which they still de scribe in their own simple way. It formed an epoch, whose effect should reach all future generations. Hereto fore they had traveled in a straight line; but this furuislnd a turning point of direction, around which their steps could never be retraced. The life in the missions is one of their cherished traditions, made luminous by the light of Christ which laid first reached them when within their holy precincts. Tra dition is more vital than history; the traditions of a people penetrate the life; the history of a nation stimulates the intellect. The simplicity of the Fathers, was, to the indiatts, the force of conviction. When the Indians come to us,” says the founder of nil these missions, “we give them food and clothing; so, soon, we shall gain their confidence, and be able to teach them to discern good from evil.” In 1774, this mission was removed six miles up the San Diego river. The Franciscans bringing with them into this undeveloped country keen recol lections of the cultivated groves aud vineyards of their own Andalusian val leys, were not slow in selecting similar sites to those they had left, as the nat ure of the country permitted. The love liest valleysof Southern California were j therefore laid under tribute to the great j work undertaken by these Mission ! Fathers. After it3removal, this church wa3 built on an eminence in the valley, which commands a view of the sea on the one side, and of the mountains on the other. In front, on the bottom lands, tl'.e olive orchard planted by the Fathers is still standing, and, if not felled, will stand for centuries. It is noteworthy as being the oldest orchard in California; aud from it all the olive treesiu California have been propagated. From 1827 to 1834, during which time this mission was most prosperous, it had within its premises an Indian pop ulation of about 3.000; owned 17,000 head of sheep, 0 000 head of cattle, and 1,000 horses. These San Diego churches are fast falling into the decay t hat comes to the body when the spirit has left it. The ruins of the mission buildings at Cosoy, are the most ancient relics of civilization in California. Great pains should he taken for their preservation ; the work of the Mission Fathers formed a base on which the superstructure of Californian prosperity rests, and its ex ternal evidences ought not to be allowed to decay. The San Luis Rey Mission, forty-five miles west of Srn Diego, was estab lished in 1798. This church was built on a magnificent scale. A description of it, and of the walls which enclosed the grounds, will give a general idea of the work laid out by the Fathers, and the means adopted for its fulfillment. Fortification walls extended around an area half a mile square. Adobe was the only material used in their construc tion ; and judging from the ruins they were from six to eight feet in height, and two feet thick. At one side was a -wwi-tawkxting tihg'bmH— ings. At one end of this the church was erected, ninety feet in length, with an imposing battlemented facade ; at one corner the line tower, from the op posite corner the arcade extended thiee hundred and twenty feet. There w ere thirty-two pillars on the front of the arcade, and twenty-three on the sides ; massive pillars, two feet square, with Doric capitals, from which rose round arches. A double row of rooms extended the length of the arcade, opening on one side into the arcade ; on the other into the court, forming the cloisters. The pillars and outside walls of the church are of large burnt brick, the rest is of sun-dried adobe. Outside of the fortification walls, in the narrow valley and on the mountain slopes, the large herds and docks of sheep and cattle fed. Within the court, the Indian women spun, sewed, cooked, washed, ground corn, and did whatever other work fell to their share ; while without, the In dian men were constantly engaged as herdsmen, farm-laborers, blacksmiths, masons, carpenters; doing, in fact, all the work necessary for a large commu nity. This was the richest of the mis sions, and famous for its hospitality. The I ndians were converted readily to Christianity. The life of Father Junipero, published at Mexico, is full of touching passages illustrative of the inild and inoffensive character of the aboriginal Californians. How far their theological knowledge goes, it is dilli cult to tell. The simple Fathers seem to have thought that there was a pro found philosophy, and nearly all of re ligion in that sublime idea, “Love God.” Peace did, indeed, seem to have settled down upon this lovely valley. It is easy to imagine the Fathers seated in this capacious court with their Indian pupils gatheicd about them ; the warm semi-tropical suu, and the cool winds of the calm Pacific lending their gentle influence, giving to the Indians’ idea of the Whiteman’s Great Spirit, a sense of iuliuite repose ; the invigorating cool ness and the genial warmth, forming an unseen medium, through whose serene control these simple children could be led into a better comprehen sion-of their Father’s goodness. Of all the valleys of California, no other is more regal in beauty, than is the San Luis Del Key. From the ocean it can be reached by either of two roads ; one lead ing over the mesa, the other through the valley. The constantly changing views give to each a succession of happy sur prises. l'p >n the mesa, the eye rests upon the varied shades of green on the | opposite slopes, and upon browns on the river- brinks and bottom lands. The two mesas, or table-lands, approach each other, descend the broken mountain sides through w inding gorges and serni I precipitous grassy slopes, and meet in this lovely valley, through which winds the river to which the loyal Fathers gave the name of their good Spanish king. The passage througli the valley is a divine architectural avenue between upheaved mountains; at its further end is the Mission church, dedicated in the name of Saint Louis, the earthly king, to the King Eternal, in which the human struggled to reach the divine. The ruins merit their title. They stand alone in their vastness, alone in their decay ! Kuins, which have the gran deur of the old, combined witii the sim ple stateliness of the new world. Into so much beside that is beautiful in nat ure, the old church throws its pathos and its sadness, for now itself is but nature. The soul that gave it sacred ness has departed, and again it is but adobe. But how sanctified ! Another portion of matter redeemed from the curse of sin. Men are co-workers with God in infinite ways; in infinite ways do they “build higher than they know.” A little earth made purer because a redeemed soul has lived in it; a piece of ground reclaimed, because, watched and tended by a Christian woman, a rose-iree has grown and blossomed in it; a great church moldering back into clay, carrying with it enough of the leaven of righteousness to purify the whole valley of the San Luis El Key. THE HOME OF SHAKESPEARE. By Rev. J. W. Hanson, D. D. (Missionary ntGlasgow.) Leaving Glasgow in the middle of the forenoon I reached Stratford-on Avon in the early evening. Scarcely waiting to register my name at the Red Horse Inn, I hastened to find the low ly cottage in which the immortal Bard of Avon was born. The moon was at the full, and the sky was cloudless. The quiet streets of the rural village scarcely showed a wayfarer besides my self, as I stood before the quaint build ing in which the youthful Shakespeare dwelt, still retaining the exact appear ance it wore more than three hundred years ago. Long 1 stood before the house, and strange and pleasing were the emotions 1 felt as I wandered back and forth before this shrine of genius. Returning to the hotel I found most delightful experiences. Who has not read and who does not remember th8 delicious descriptions by Washington Irving, of his pilgrimage to this place V And wbu.baatoygpB.en the fascinating. pages of Hawthorne, on the same theme V In the Red Horse, in which they both were domiciled, it really seemed as though I had found them both, and they were to be my guides, as indeed they were, for, recalling their words, it was almost like enjoying their j companionship, especially, as in the i room that Irving occupied, 1 saw the very arm-chair he sat in, and handled j the very poker which he called his I “scepter,” and has immortalized — the j chair now kept behind glass, and the j poker carefully wrapped from rust and j corrosion. It was, indeed, a fitting! preface and prelude to the experiences j of the coming day lo occupy the room j where Irving and Hawthorne had sat, | and to read what they had so long ago i written of their own experiences in this immortal spot. The morning was a perfect one in the middle of a perfect English May. The sky was cloudless; the air was balm ; the hawthorn was just string ing its white heads along the branches ; the daisies were on all the grass; the larks were bubbling over with melody, —“singing at Heaven’s gates,” as Shakespeare says,—and I recalled George Herbert’s lines, that must have been written on such a day—“There is no month but May !” The house, seen by daylight, is a piece of antique architecture, of timber and plaster, as Irving well says, “A true nestling place of genius, which seems to delight in hatching its nestlings in by-corners.” The building is now owned and controlled by ail association that will keep it as a depository of val uable memorials of the great bard, and j will preserve it from decay and dam- j age. Its lower rooms are as when the youthful poet played on its floors of stone, the identical flags remaining on the lower floor, as when liis fattier fol lowed his pursuit of wool-combing, and the boy ran about at play. All sorts of relics of the poet are shown with great gairulity by the kindly old lady who serves as guide; all she says, of course, must be devoutly believed to be genu ine by the experienced traveler, even to the lantern with which Friar Lawrence discovered Juliet at the tomb ! The most interesting spot in the house, perhaps the most interesting literary object on earth, is the loom up stairs, where Shakespeare was born. The oaken beams aie jet sound,amt the ap pearance of ttie room is much the same as when the most marvellous intellect eaith lias produced, was introduced into this world. Nothing hut an actual experience can convey to the mind the emotions of one who surveys this mod est house, and, inside and outside, con templates the reminders of the great dramatist that are still extant. The ancient cottage, about a mile distant, w here dwelt Anne Hathaway, the poet’s wife, is well worth the delight ful walk it costs, along a perfect road, among green hedges, and one can easily fancy the young poet on his way to and from the home o his love,—but who can imagine the marvelous fan cies that teemed in hiabrain as he went to and fro? Fancies that were after ward embodied in liases that will en dure while the English language lasts ! The grave of Shalsespeare is in a beautiful church, anciant, and now be ing restored. It is in the chancel, and the slab above it bears®!)is inscription, which I had transfi-rrep to a large sheet of paper, fac simile, by Rubbing the let ters with plumbago: 1 “Good friend, for Jesus fake forbear, To di? the dust enclosed hero ; Blessed be he that spars these stones, And curst bo he thatfcoves my bones.” The church occupieaa lovely site on tire banks of the A®n, ar.d is ap proached by an avenue of magnificent iime trees, while antlent elms and other trees surround ithe edifice, and drop their limbs into the surface of the placid river. AroundVtbe church the tombstones, many of them>ncient, add an air of serenity to thjp scene that can never he forgotten bjj one who has looked on the cradle a&d the grave of the Hard of Avon. This ‘-New Place,” where Shakespeare lived, after his re turn from London, and where he died, is possessed of much interest. The house is private, but /the grounds are elegantly fitted up as public garden. Here, in 1597, Shakesj eare bought 170 acres, and cultivated his own estate, in the intervals of writing, and resided, rich and honored, among those who had known him in youth, during his last years. The Shakespeare memorial is a mag nificent monument to! the memory of the poet. It was opened April 23, 1879, and contains pictures,: relics, a Shake speare library, an elegabtroom for the atricals, aud is, inside and outside, an architectural gem. But besides these buildings the en tire place seems full of Shakespeare. Many of the houses aref-older than the days of the poet, and one cannot get rid of the thought, as he strolls about, that he is looking on the same scenes that Shakespeare saw, and so the poet is brought nearer than he ever realized him before. We had an interesting conversation with the woman in cljfcffi, as to the controversy of th*>r,',tWTO,.ir*-of Shake speare’s plays. She remembered Miss Bacon, but scouted the idea that Lord Bacon, or anybody else than Shakes peare could have written the poems. Iler method of disposing of tire matter was more English tbau logical; for she said, in response to my suggest ion that Shakespeare’s mother was a woman of genius, and out of a talented family— the Ardens. “Oh, yes, they were con nected with the gentry, too, aud it is said that even royalty had visited the family.” Could flunkeyism go farther in demonstrating the genesis of Shake speare’s genius'. Returning by train to Leamington, we drove to the Coventry, nine miles. Nothing can surpass this drive. hedges, trees, fertile fields, elegant homes, the very heart of England, and the ideal English landscape. Someone has said: “The ride from Coventry to Leamington is the finest in England, —except the ride from Leamington to Coventry.” Time would fail me to de scribe a route, every inch of which is an ideal English landscape, of Warwick and its great castle, five miles from Stratford, with its Warwick vase, its effigy of Richard Beauchamp (pro nounced here Beecham, as vase is every where called varz) the great Earl of Warwick, who died in 1489, and its unrivalled grounds; of Kenilworth castle, five miles from Warwick (Warrick,) one of England’s ancient aud most celebrated strongholds, the abode of Elizabeth's favorite, Drd ley, and the scene of Scott's novel of the same name, the home of John of Gaunt—the banquettiug hall is 80 by 4o feet; of Coventry, immortal Coventry, where the good Lady Godiva, wife of Leofric, Saxon Earl of Mercia, submitted to a voluntary martyrdom, by riding naked through the streets, only veiled by her loug hair, in order to release the people from the feudal exactions of her tyrannical husband, who, in response to her petitioning, consented, on what, knowing her mod esty aud purity, he named as an impos sible condition, that she should thus ride; -all this, aud how much more, was crowded, condensed into two mem orable, delightful days, en route to Lon don. The region is the heart of En gland. The soil is the best on the isl and ; the foliage and bloom is beyond anything we have seen elsewhere; every tree, aud shrub, and ll >wer, is at its best, full of life, bursting with vitality. Add to this the place of Shakespeare’s birth and dead, and the earliest and latest years of hislife, Warwick, Kenil worth, Coventry, and the great events of which this opulent portion of England has been the arena, and the American reader can well conceive that the two days were bright ones to be recorded in the calendar of memory. They com pletely reversed Mrs. Partington’s mul appropriate saying: “They can be de scribed. but they can never, never be I imagined !” CROOKED WAYS. Bv Kev. J. W. McMasteu. (Marietta. O.) There are men who claim to be em inently honest, who have such a dishon est way of showing their honesty that some are inclined to doubt. There are also men who loudly boast that they al ways tell the truth, yet they have such a pseudo way of advertising their truth fulness, that the elect even might mis judge them. So, there are not a few theologians who claim to preach a straight Gospel, yet they preach in such a crooked way that we fail to see its straightness. They preach that God calls upon all men to do riqht, yet they teach that if a man leaves this world with one un righteous deed unrepented of, God will always account it wrong for him to do right, and will put bis eternal veto up on liis every attempt at right-doing. They preach truly that men should love their neighbors as themselves, and lay emphasis upon ti e Golden Rule, but they also preach that God’s providence is prohibiting, and will forever pro hibit untold millions from loving their neighbors or obeying the Golden Rule. To love God with all the heart is the greatest command known to men, but these theologians teach that if a man crosses the death line without this love, he shall have unlimited liberty to hate, and shall be under providential and compulsory obligations to violate the commands forever. They preach repentance to the sinner to-day, hut raise their voice and cry aloud, saying, “God will allow no man to repent, or to turn away from sin on the other shore.” Oh, is not this a crocked way of preaching the gospel, which is ever pointing the sinner straight to right eousness, holiness and love ? While God lives, it never can be wrong to do right, ne ' •: in for the sinner to stop sinning. There can be no law against repentarce. There is no law against keepingGod’s law, and loving Him who is love, and no divine law that says it will ever be bad to be good. When shall men learn that the gospel of Jesus is no crooked gospel, contradicting itself? What is says to one it says to all; on God has commanded all men every where to repent. The law says in the terrestrial and celestial words, “Love your neighbor land your God,” and not one jot or little of the law shall in any wise pass away till all he fulfilled. THE BENEVOLENCE OF CREATION. A few days ago we observed that Dr. Lirandes, a physician at Ilitzackes, Han over, has written an article in a Ger man medical paper in which he demon strates the valuable properties of the anacharis alsinastnim, a water plant which has hitherto been considered as an “unmitigated plague,” choking up rivers, and altogether useless. Dr. Lirandes lias remarked that in the dis trict where he lives, and where malaria and diarrhoea yearly appeared in a spo radic or epidemic form, these diseases have gradually decreased since the an acharis alsinastrum began to infest the neighboring rivers and marshes, and since four years, have totally disap peared. The above named water plant nourishes itself on decayed vegetable matter, and grows with incredible rapid ity. It thus destroys the germs which produce malaria and diarrhoea; aud be sides, its presence obliges the frequent cleansing of standing waters, a measure beneficial to health. Dr. lirandes there fore proposes that the experiment should be tried of planting the anacha ris alslnastrum in marshy districts. This is confirmatory evidence of the saying, "From seeming evil, still educing good." Thank God we are all learning the bet ter way of reading the great book of nature, with its lights and shades, its pains and pleasures, its rewards and punishments; every part is governed by a good Spirit. By - and - by the whole of this universal frame of nature will be read with the philosophic per ception of a Pauline mind, “All things work together for good and with the devoutness and joy of a David's heart, “God’s tender mercies are over all his works.” Glorious worlds of light, and landscapes covered with beauty, and the form and gracefulness of animal creation, have long impressed mankind with such thoughts. But now science and philosophy are widening observa tion, and going down into the lowest forms of apparently hurtful vegetable insect life, and pointing out how all are : designed in benevolence. H’e recently referred our readers to the remarks of j a writer on the mosquito as the indica tor, in certain regions, of malarial at- ! ! mosphere, warning man of danger, i We now extract a few words from an other writer on the benevolent design of a little skin worm he calls stcatzoon. “Now, as in the majority of mankind, and certainly in all the inhabitants of I large towns, the skin is more or less j torpid in its functions, so the presence I of this animal in the skin is the rule its absence the exception. I see no other conclusion open than to assume that it performs some beneficent pur pose in the economy of the skin ; that purpose being, according to my belief, the dealing of the over-distended cells. In corroboration of this, these little creatures increase in number when the vital powers decline: and when the skin alone is unable to fulfill its func tions correctly, these little beings are produced to aid it in its work.” S >. we may repeat, there is abundant proof in the very pain-giving race of animals, and in the pain-giving laws of God, that those \ery law3 and animals, we are assured, by the constant result of a closer inquiry into their uses, are among the most striking examples of God’s beneficent care for his creatures’ tem poral happiness.—Christian Life. THE CORONATION CHAIR, OR STONE OF DESTINY. “Unless the late* are faithless grown And prophet's voice he vain, tVhcre'rc is found this (acred stone, The Scottish race shall reign.” The Stone of Destiny (called Lea Fail, or Jacob’s Stone) belonged to the Irish nation. It is said to have formed the pil low of the putriaroh Jacob when he slept on the plain of Lnz on his way to Padan aram. (Genesis xxviii.) On this stone the Irish kings used to be crowned in the following manner. It was supposed to send forth a noise under the prince who was to reign; so if a prince sat on it and it made a noise under him, it wus a sure sign of his accession to the Irish throne, but if it remained silent it excluded him from all chance of obtaining the crown of the Emeral Isle. Tradition says that since the incarnation of our Saviour it has given forth no sound. In the year 516 Fergus, the son of Ere, carried this stone to the Island of Iona, and from there it was conveyed to Dunstaffnage, three miles north of Oban, thence to the Abbey of Scone in Perthshire, in the year 842 by Kenneth II.. after the Scottish had united and extended their rule over the northern and Southern Piets. It re m i ed at Scone, and was used a3 the Coronation Chair of the Scottish Sover eigns until the time o? John Baliol, when King Edward I. of England (longshanks) carried it to Westminster Abbey in 1296. By the absence of the Coronation Chair, crown, sceptre, and robes, the crowning of the Bruce was a lowly one. He was d hwim m-T-swi; T-twrrrrp 4enrt ing the robes, and the Abbot of Scone a chair us coronation seat, while a gold circlet, borrowed probably from the stat ne of some saint or martyr, served for a crown.” Edward IF., the weakest man j who ever held the English crown, prom- , feed to return it to the Brace, hat n Lon- | don mob prevented it from being remov- | ed. The Coronation chair at the time consisted of a coarse wooden chair, with a stone bottom. The following prophetic couplets say— Else fates belied, for where this stoneis found, A prince of Scotia race shall there be crown’d. The Scotts shall brooke that realm as native ground. If weirds fail not, whcre'erthisstanels found. These predictions were said to be veri fied when King James VI. of Scotland was invested ou it aa King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, on Hit 25th of July, 1603. Khoderie O’Floherty in hisOgygia says: —“There is no other manner of inau guration with some of the northern na tions than unanimously to constitute the kings elect, lifted upon a stone, with all possible acclamations and demonstrations of joy, as Saxo Grammaticus and others relate.” ETERNAL JUDGMENT, Iu Hebrews vi. 2, Paul mentions the “ doctrine of baptism, and of the laying on of hands, and of the resurrection of the dead, und of eternul judgment.” Thus, if the word eternal means end less, ns some contend, it must also mean eudless wheu applied to the judgment. Hence, we would have an eudless court of judgment, precluding the possibility of any punishment thereafter. — Rev. Thomas Abbott. —It is the delusion of certain people, whose kindred may be found in every church and connected with every insti tution, that they must do something to attract public attention. They estimate the value of organizations or the impor tance of persons by the stir they make in the world. To be talked about they con sider the equivalent of fame; to have their say on a subject of public interest is to them the same as to have influence with the public. But all the fame worth having results from diligent attention to one’s own work; and all real intluence abioad is derived from solid usefulness at home. — Bishop Ireland defends with consid erable euecese the charity practice of the Catholic church. That practice is based on the theory, that true charity implies loveof the- victims of misfortune. This is the correct theory ; but it is often a nice question wlmt love of the sufferer i r sorrower would dictate. 1. ive as a senti ment may prompt personal attentions and efforts towards relief which love . it principle may prohibit, i’be p hut is that the real welfare of the unfortunate is to bo sonant. If a poultice > the means to tide, let it la- a poultice; if a blister will tie tier serve ihe i-ud, then a blister it should la*. — De.iu Swift said the reason a certain university was a learned place, was that most persons took some learning there and few brought any away with them, so i it accumulated. LicIitori in! Z'silricfs. EY REV. I. M. ATWOOD, D. D. Canton, N. Y. Prof. Howard Pattison, of the Roch ester Theological Seminary, writes like cne who has made the discovery that a minister may be better trained for his work in a summer school, like Mr. Moody’s, than in a summer-and-wilder school like Dr. PattisonV. It is curious to note that we have, on the one hand, a clamor for a shorter, more practical and popular course of instruction for the ministry; and on the other, the criticism that our seminaries turn out half-educat ed men, without thorough scholarship or sufficient mental discipline. —Rut if either party could have its way groat harm would he done. To com pel every man to enter the ministry only through a protracted course of scholastic discipline would be to spoil some of the best minister material by squeezing the enthusiasm out of it. On the other hand, to rush men into the ministry through the railroad method of Mr. Moody, would be to convert a great profession, dignified by an illustrious lino of scholars and saved from impotence and reproach by the solid mental acquirements of its rep resentatives, into a swarm of religious charlatans. Society suffers enough from self-made quacks: it is unnecessary to establish schools for their manufacture. —Some more range might profitably be given, we tbink, to the topics discussed in our General and State Conventions. It seems to us, for example, that the discus sions arranged too often revolve around some relation of “ Universalism. ” We recall that in five different Conventions of a single year the great mass meeting of the occasion was centered on a triplet of propositions in each of which “Uui versalism ” was the principal word. This strikes us as somewhat too much of a good thing. For the grand word and idea, Universalism, let us more frequent ly substitute the not lees grand name and thing, the Gospel. We certainly are none the less Christians because we are Universalists. —But we could not quite second our friend Blanchard’s motion, to have the Convention turn its attention, almost ex clusively, to secular, social, economic and scientific subjects. Most of us know quite as much about our own business as about any other, and could discuss com phnse of it more intelligently and there fore more profitably. Not that any application of religion to life, domesti; or public, should escape uh; but that we are set to care for a special interest, amid the multitude of human interests, and our training fits us to do that well; while we could at beat do the other things but in differently. —If the reproofs and exhortations could only come to the ears they are meant for! But a very large part of that inlluence which might be exerted by means of a timely word, is lost. The word is spoken, the advice is repeated, the admonition is formulated, but not to the party who ought to hear it. Sometimes, as in church, it is the fault of the party himself, who is not where he should be; quite as often it is the fault of the would-be adviser. He shuns to declare his counsel to him who most needs it. Probably some harm would be done by frankly speaking to the offender; but more would be pre vented. If all around there were more frankness and faithfulness, it would be belter all around. —Dr. Lyman Abbott thinks that “the doctrine that Jesus Christ may be preached in another life to those who have never heard of him in this, has no remote kinship to the doctrine that Jesus Christ will certainly effectually save all men in another life, whether they have rejected him in this or no.” He is pretty much alone in this opinion. Joseph Cook remarked some years ugo that it is the “thin end of the wedge, the thick end of which is Universalism.” This is the view taken by the Conyrcyationalist and Ad vance. It is the view of Dr. Aldeu and Dr. Webb and the orthodox doctors gen erally. It seems so to those outside — the Baptists, Methodists, Presbyterians. That is the way it looks to the Uuivers alists. Dr. Abbott is not well supported in his opinion. - lint the question whether this New Orthodoxy lias any kinship with Univers alism or not is unimportant. The only question worth considering is, whether it has kinship with truth. Let our New De parture Congregational brethren bravely commit themselves to the truth, nud fear not. The truth will take care of them. If it is not true that Christ not only may hut will he preached in another life to every one who did not hear of him in this life.it certainly ought to lie true. Fear of reproach, fear of ii curling the odium of having come from Nazareth, is tUe poorest possible preparation for upostle ship in any new dispensation. —Uuiveienlists ms> learn from tin care taken by the Christian Union, and b\ all other exponents of Now Orthodoxy to keep a wale ami deep abyss between their pi io:i and Fuivcrsalisin, that they are not like.y ever to promote thriven ahem or build up Uaiveisahst churchi and instilutioas by going to orthodox churches, sending to orthodox schools and patronizing orthodox publi cations. We shall have to take care of ourselves and guard and suppoi t our oivn interests. When a Fniversalist goesiuto u Congregational church, no mallei how libel al it proclaims itself, he counts one for orthodoxy and two against l uiversa! ism. This is mathematics: it is also his tory.