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VOL 3 I™bvI7,l?x,.wnXh|2wbst-|CHICAGO AND < i.V ,I.\.\ATI. SATURDAY, OCTOBER Hi, 1886,j™v|Pg&!2*ig.*K.-\ No. 42.
The Unidcrszrlisisi
Universalist Publishing House,
Issued by Western lirniieh.
69 Dearborn St., Rooms 40 and 41,
FosIarc Paid, #2.50 A Year, in Advance.
Sample Copies Free.
Western Advisory Board
Wm. H. Ryder, D. D., Hon. John R. Buchtel,
O. A. Pray Rev. W. S. Crowe,
Chas. L. Hutchinson.
Entered at the Postofflce a* Second-Class Mail Matter.
SpeciZiI Goutributors.
_ss ssW <—
Bv Mns. H. P. Jenkins.
(Detroit, Mich.)
Literary clubs, or rather clubs for
study, are a marked feature of the pres
ent era. The Club is no new thing. It
dates back to the time of Queen Eliza
beth, when Shakespeare, ltaleigh, Ben
Jonson and the other choice spirits of
the time, used to gather at the Mer
maid in Fleet street, and brighten the
hours with their sallies of wit and wis
dom. The purely literary club, or the
club for study, is a modern institution,
and I believe its birthplace is Amer
Clubs for study have blossomed sud
denly all over our land, like dandelions
in the fields of spring. We take thi8
fact to indicate a growing intellectual
taste among our people; but whether
literary clubs can in any way advan
tageously relate themselves to the
church, is a subject being considered
in many quarters, and has already been
tried in some localities. There was a
time, and not so very remote, when the
sole object of the church was to save
souls from future torment. The church
was a sort of insurance agency for
protection against flres in the future
life. Securing the salvation or the pol
icy was a sudden process. The idea of
a gradual development of religious char
acter was heresy. You professed to
love Jesus, and threw yourself into the
arms of the church and you were saved.
It was like a recipe for making an
artist in an hour, or transforming a
boor into a poet in a moment. The en
lightened thought of to-day denies any
such magical power to the church, but
considers it an institution designed to
assist souls to grow, whose special work
is to make this life excellent, beautiful
and blessed. And the church considers
itself justified in using every; agency
and influence which can promote this
noble purpose.
If pictures and music make people
happier and holier, the church avails
itself of them. If recreation and social
life are found to not only brighten life,
but to make the character healthy and
harmonious, the church encourages
them, even to the organizing of young
peoples’ societies, and holding socials
and picnics and pleasure excursions.
This social character of the church is
no insignificant force. I use “social”
in the best sense of that word, the power
of bringing people into acquaintance
with each other, binding them together
in sympathy, and interest, and good
fellowship. To be sure, there is some
danger in common minds of a misun
derstanding of this sentiment, as in the
case of a gentleman, who, on locating
in a large city, decided he would unite
with the Episcopal church, not because
it was in harmony with his religious con
victions—ho seemed not to be troubled
with these—but because, as he said
to a friend, ;‘it would give him a better
patronage in business, and his family a
better social position than any of the
other churches in that town.” Not
withstanding such vulgar misappre
hensions, the idea is gaining ground
that the church has something more to
do for people than to preach to them
k and pray for them, that it should give
them beneficent social surrounding,
that it is in a measure responsible for
their culture, not only spiritual but in
There was a time when among some
sects, education was not supposed to
have any connection whatever with re
ligion ; was, indeed, supposed to be an
tagonistic to it. Many of us can remem
ber when preachers were thought to be
more effective if they were ignorant
and spoke only by the grace of God.
I have myself been told that reason
is a dangerous faculty, not at all to be
trusted on religious questions, and that
learning is a snare of the devil—but in
the main, such bigotry has disappeared,
or rather it has gone out of use, and
ranks now as a curious specimen of
antique religious bric-a-brac.
There are quite a number of these
out-of-date ideas, which are remembered
now only as curiosities—and which are
Read ut the Michigan * onvention, Bay City.
Thursday, Oct. 7.1886.
a very interest ing study to those who are
fond of the antique. On the same
shelf with the one I have mentioned
stand those odd, misshapen ideas that
music was a device of the evil one, and
not proper for divine worship, and
that comfort was sinful, and therefore
stoves should not be used in churches,
even in a New England winter.
The liberal church to-day approves, 1
believe, of using all the reason we pos
sess. It finds its strength in the intel
ligence of the people. It puts no bar
riers in the way of study and investiga
tion. It is totally unlike the medieval
church in this respect, and unlike the
so-called orthodox churches, up to a
very recent date. But we cannot say
the evangelical church of our day dis
courages study and thinking, since it
was within this church that the Chautau
qua Club originated, an organization
that has done eminent service in en
couraging study, and whose members
number to-day tens of thousands.
When we consider the matter fully, it
seems not less appropriate that a church
should institute within itself a Literary
or Intellectual Study Society, than an
Aid Society, or a Young People’s Social
In every church there are some peo
ple who are not interested in fairs and
festivals, nor in the ordinary social gath
erings; yet estimable, even choice peo
ple, who read and think, and would
prefer to meet their fellows on an intel
lectual basis. A society of some lit
erary or intellectual character would
enlist and unite these people, who oth
erwise might never have been drawn
out from the seclusion of their pews.
It might draw to itself also some who
have long felt the need of some help
and encouragement in the way of study.
It might, indeed, become a valuable
educational power in the church.
There are some who will say, “Such
aid is entirely superfluous. The ser
mons we hear are sufficient intellectual
exercise.” There is considerable force
in this statement.
Some one has said, that it is a liberal
education to sit several years under the
preaching of a gifted man. This is no
exaggerated estimate. The intellectual
training it affords (aside from the spir
itual growth) is very great to one who
follows carefully, Sabbath after Sabbath,
the reasoning, the imagery, the allu
sions, the motif, (if I may borrow a
musical term), of able sermons, and he
who retains and assimilates all this, is
well educated, indeed. It is a noble
possibility, but unfortunately possibil
ities do not always become facts. There
is probably no place in the world where
so many pearls are cast before sluggish
intellects as in our churches.
A cushioned seat, the comfortable
feeling of having to answer no ques
tions, or even to look as though you
understood; a kind of reaction from
the pressure of getting to church ; the
consciousness that nobody around you
can possibly see your mental torpor;
that you can even drowse a little if you
do not nod—these conditions do not
promote intellectual effort. It is a
standing joke that it is rather unsafe to
ask your friend what was the text of
the sermon he heard, while to ask him
the leading ideas of the sermon, proves
often so painful, that the question is
carefully avoided. I suppose, however,
one may get from a sermon a good
deal of religious consolation, and a good
deal of spiritual uplifting, even if he
did not fully comprehend what he had
heard—as one may be transfused with
the beauty of the forest he has wandered
through, though he has not scrutinized
a single tree. Yet we all know there
has often been lost to us much benefit
out of a good sermon, because our intel
lects were actually too little disciplined
to be able to receive it all, or perhaps
because nothing was required of us but
to comfortably listen.
We need that something be required i
of us—mentally and spiritually—that
our latent powers may be developed.
The pulpit is a marvelous engine of
power, yet it has its limitations. Some
one has said (I have forgotten whom,
Emerson, I think) that it is a defect of
the pulpit, that it permits no “talking
back.” We of the pews are compelled to
listen in silence. We can ask no ques
tions ; demand no explanations, make
no refutations. In short, no “talking
back" is allowed. It seems almost a |
necessity that there should be some op
portunity for the listeners to have their
say on many points which have arisen
in a sermon.
The conference meetings, in a meas
ure, fill this place—and ought really to
become important centers of light, but
conference meetings are usually con
fined to theological subjects or religious
experiences, and do not reach some
natures. Referring to conference meet
ings brings to mind (what is not en
tirely foreign to our subject) those re
markable Sunday afternoon meetings
of our New England forefathers, held
for the purpose of discussing the points
of the morning sermon. Out from these
discussions sprang the liberal thought
which soon pervaded New England.
It is interesting to notice, too, that
the women of that time did some think
ing for themselves. As they were not
permitted to join in the discussions
with the men, Ann Hutchinson of glo
rious fame, instituted similar meetings
for the women at her own house. They
were largely attended, and the thought
there grew dangerously liberal—danger
ous to her freedom, at least, for she was
banished from Massachusetts.
There are numerous and unmistaka
ble evidences of hunger for new thought;
of a desire for study and investigation,
which has been growing since the ad
vent of the new era. It would seem
eminently proper and wise in the lib
eral church to turn to account, as we
ordinarily say, this thirst, this tendency,
and institute, alongside with its other
supplementary societies, one for general
study, discussion, and conversation.
There are such immense fields for
study and speculation outside the
strictly religious field—art, history, the
histories of nations, and the histories
of ideas, science, social and political
problems, the literatures of various na
tions and eras, and a host of subjects ;
any one of which opens an enticing
vista—and our ordinary social life gives
so little opportunity for discussion, or
any real conversation, or any stimulus
for improvement, that there seems an
absolute want of some new and more
favorable conditions for intellectual
progress and companionship.
It is easy to say general society ought
to afford this opportunity, but it is im
possible to so shape it that it will be at
all favorable. American society is so
largely composed of youth in the first
Hush of life, and eager for a good time, or
of the “newly rich” who care more for
the sparkle of diamonds than the sparkle
of thought; more for social prestige,
than for intellectual ideas that general
society can never afford satisfactory or
profltable companionship for intellect
ual people or any stimulus for intellect
ual growth.
There is still another reason for the
existence of clubs for study. Many of
our American people of to-day entered
upon their busy careers so early in life
that opportunities for study were cut
off, and indeed such opportunities were
much less favorable years ago than to
day; and now when more leisure has
come with the years of prosperity,
many of these men and women are glad
to find the encouragement and stimu
lus of an association, or a club designed
for study and discussion.
If such groupings occur under the
fosterings of the church, they serve the
double purpose of intellectual develop
ment and of acquaintanceship among
those who, perhaps, had been neighbors
in church for years, with a wall of si
lence between them.
It is pleasant to contemplate a possi
ble ideal society of intellectual men
and women; gatherings superior to
fashionable parties which are babels of
incoherent sounds, and a bewildering
blazon of dress; something different
also from the gatherings of youth,
which rarely rise above mere gayety and
frivolity, but gatherings of thoughtful
men and women who wish to know
something of each other’s opinions -who
want to get a wider outlook over the
thought-world, who would enjoy meet
ing to consider together what has been
going on in the universe, and what is
likely yet to transpire, and what are our
relations to it all—who wish to be
aroused, encouraged, electriHed by con
tact with other minds; gatherings where
there would be no confused chatterings,
but real conversation, where deferen
tial attention would be given to every
thought advanced; where wit would
sparkle and humor glow ; where a wild
speculation even would not be repulsed,
but calmly considered, and where there
would be such perfect freedom and
ease, that even the novice and the
stranger would dare—nay, wish to ex
press their opinions ; gatherings which
would have somewhat of the flavor of
the clubs in Johnson’s day, only there
would be women and not wine there,
or which would have somewhat of the
spirit of the famous French salons,
which became the birth-place of ideas,
the cradle of many a volume, the source
of inspiration of many a statesman and
poet. Would not such meetings be
vastly more satisfactory to people of
intellectual tastes than what is to-day
called “society,” where women talk of
their servants, and of “pickling and pre
serving,” and gossip about each other,
and men talk of bargains and base ball,
and money prospects.
The glitter and blare of gay social life
may be all right. Perhaps they are
necessary. I think they do serve a
purpose—there must be some foam on
the current of life—but let us not mis
take this foam for deep waters. And
does it not become evident that it is
necessary to facilitate other groupings
in society, affording opportunities for
people who care nothing for the glitter
of life, but have social instincts which
crave companionship and intellectual
tastes that deserve gratillcation. Do
we not need more of this liner kind of
intercourse as a refreshment and a ref
uge from our intensely busy and prac
tical life.
1 once heard a lady say who had
attended a gathering similar to such as
I have described, “Oh the exhilaration
of spirit I felt the next day even in
the midst of my work. The thoughts
I heard, and the very $act of those peo
ple getting together and having such
thoughts, stirred me so that I have re
solved I will start afresh in life and
study more, and read better books, and
think more and not ^rawl on in this
dull rut I have been infso long.” This
is one of the good effects of mind meet
ing mind.
I assert that there is a want of facil
ities for this kind of intercourse. And
what could be more appropriate than
that the church which has the highest
welfare of men and wftmen in charge,
should concern itself about this need,
and provide for it by Organizing along
side of its other societies one for gen
eral culture and study, itnd intellectual
conversation, and thus possibly extend
its influence among a class which fre
quently holds itself aloof from the
church, but which woald be of great
value if it were enlisted. It would be
a great misfortune to qumanity if the
church of the future ever became the
dogmatizing, all intruding, tyranizing
power that the medieval church be
came ; but if it could ljecome a benig
nant center of light, a sun, sending
vitality into every department of life,
touching with its rays, sc|piety, business,
homes, schools, the chilcfcen, the toilers,
the idlers—it would, indeed, be God in
the world, and it wouldlbe found that
religion was not a solemn and severe
something which children dread, and
grown people feel shy of; but instead, a
warm vivifying light which pervades
everything good and beautiful, and
whose absence makes the dark noisome
places of life.
If this is the true idea, it seems as
appropriate that the church should
cluster about itself intellectual group
ings, and care for these intellectual
needs of ours, as that ; the sunshine
should flood the meadows and the blos
soming gardens, and in the near future
I believe that every church organiza
tion will have, not only its prayer
meetings, or conference ^neetings, but
its literary association, over which its
pastor will preside, and where the finest
minds will gather together, and that
much good will come of this both to
society and to the church.
By Rev. H. D. L. Websteh,
(Oak Park, V&ii*
As winter approaches, many North
ern people ask the question, “Where
shall I go to escape its icy grasp?” The
writer having spent the past winter in
Florida, and having visited various por
tions of the State, would say a favora
ble word for the Gulf Coast—especially
that part of it lying between Tampa
and Cedar Keys. The land for many
miles along the shore is high and roll
ing, though interspersed with palmetto
bottoms and rich hammocks, making a
most desirable country for fruit and
vegetable culture. Swept as it is by
the Gulf breezes, and blessed by springs
of pure soft water, no more healthful
climate can be found anywhere.
Tarpon Springs.
Twenty-eight miles north of Tampa
is Tarpon Springs. This village is built
upon a pretty bayou jutting inland
from the Gulf of Mexico, and is truly
“beautiful for situation.” No finer lo
cation for a winter home can be found.
The Anclote river near by, with salt
and fresh water lakes on either side,
make it an ideal spot for pleasure and
sport. All waters in the vicinity are
full of fish, and of most excellent qual
ity. There are good hotels, several
stores and shops, and a school-house
already built, and all occupied.
A Universalist Church.
A Universalist church is already or
ganized, and a church edifice only
awaits windows and doors to make it
ready for services. These will soon,
through the generosity of Chicago Uni
versalists, be supplied. It is to be hoped
that our people who contemplate visit
ing Florida will visit Tarpon Springs.
The country is absolutely free from
malarial troubles. It enjoys the health- j
ful Gulf breezes. It has as good soil for '
fruit and vegetables as can be found in
the State. To the Universalist, there
is now the additional attraction of a
church and regular religious services.
A Universalist Chautauqua.
Would it not be a good idea for our
denomination to organize at this place,
a Chautauqua school? A delightful cli
mate, a fine location and a church cen
ter ought to be points important to
The writer expects to return to Tar
pon Springs within three or four weeks,
and personally attend to our church
interests there. He will be pleased to
hear from friends contemplating a visit
to Florida this winter. He will cheer
fully give information relative to the
best way to reach the place, and the
most pleasant time to go.
-Cardinal Newman rises every morn
ing at live, and after concluding his de
votions, returns to his room, sweeps out
the uucurpeted floor, makes his own bed,
and then goes to breakfast, which he be
gins with a plate of porridge and a jug of
hot milk, of which he is very fond.
The Business Hecord of the Session for 1886
at Bay City, Oct. 5—7, 1886.
The Michigan Universalist Convention
met in annual session in the Universalist
Church, Bay City, on Tuesday, Oct. 5,
and was called to order at 10:45 a m., by
the President, Rev. E. L. Rexford, D. D.,
of Detroit.
Prayer was offered by Rev. J. M. Getch
ell, of Tecumseh. The roll of delegates
was called uud a quorum found present.
The Convention then proceeded to the
choice of officers for the ensuing year,
with the following result:
President.—Rev. E. L. Rexford, D. D.
Vice-President.—E. E. Spalding.
Secretary.—Rev. Charles Fluhrer.
Treasurer.—E. W. Dart.
The President then appointed the fol
lowing committees for the session.
Elections.—Rev. J. M. Getchell, Mrs.
S. F. Higby, Mrs. E. B. Harrington.
Religious Services.—Rev. S. H. Roblin,
A. C. Grier, Mrs. F. E. Longyear.
Nominations. — Rev. James Gorton,
A. E. Brooke, Alexander Hewitt.
Unfinished, Business.—E. A. Treadway,
Park Mathewson, Mrs. N. B. Rice.
The communion was then observed, the
pastor of the Bay City church, assisted
by Revs. W. L. Gibbs and R. D. Towne,
assisting in the service.
2:00 p. m.—Convention called to order
by the President — a quorum present.
Committee on Religious Services had no
report to make. Committee on Elections
offered no report. The Treasurer read
his report, which was adopted, and, on
motion, was referred 11 an Auditing
Committee, consisting of E. A. Tread
way and Rev. W. F. Dickerman. The re
port of the Committee on Fellowship,
Ordination and Discipline was read by
the chairman, Rev. James Gorton. The
minutes of the last annual session were
read by the Secretary.
The report of the Woman's Missionary
Association was called for, but no officer
being present to report the matter was
referred to the Committee on Unfinished
On motion of Rev. S. H. Roblin it was
voted to name a Committee on Resolu
tions. The President subsequently ap
pointed the following a oommittee of
three, Rev. S. H. Roblin, Rev. M. B. Car
penter and A. C. Grier, to report resolu
tions to the Convention.
Missionary Conference,
On motion the following resolution
was adopted:
Resolved, That this Convention ap
point a oommittee to provide for a series
of not less than four missionary confer
ences, to be held in the 8tate during
the coming fall and winter, at points
where our interests may most need the
benefits of such meetings, and that such
committee be authorized to draw upon
the treasury of this Convention to the
extent of $50, to defray the necessary
expenses of such conferences.
Tire hour having arrived for the special
order, Mr. R. B. Taylor, of Bay City, read
a paper upon “ Some Phases of the Labor
Problem; ” after which the Convention
adjourned. The Occasional Sermon was
preached in the evening by Rev. E. L.
Rexford, D. D., of Detroit.
Convention called to order by the Pres
ident at 10:30 a. m. Prayer was offered
by Rev. Dr. Cone, of Ohio.
Upon roll call a quorum of delegates
answered to their names. The minutes
of Tuesday’s proceedings were read, cor
rected and approved.
The Committee on Elections reported
the presence of Mr. Frank MoAlpine, a
delegate from Dowagiac. Report adopt
ed. The Committee on Religious Servi
ces recommended the order as printed in
the program. Adopted. The Committee
on Unfinished Business presented a re
port, which was referred back with in"
struotions to recommend that those hav
ing the Woman’s Missionary Fund in
charge be asked to conseut to its being
applied to a Permanent Fund.
The President appointed George Car
ney chairman of Committee on Unfinish
ed Business, in place of E. A. Treadway,
retired from the Convention. The re
port of the Executive Committee was
read by the Secretary and referred to a
special oommittee, consisting of Rev.
L. H. SquiPes, Park Mathewsou and
E. W. Dart. On motion it was voted to
refer the resolution providing for mis
sionary conferences to the Executive
Committee. The Auditing Committee
reported that they had examined the
Treasurer’s report and vouchers and
found the same correct.
The President announced the appoint
ment of Rev. W. L. Gibbs and William
Herring on the Committee on Nomina
tions, in place of A. E. Brook and A.
The Committee on Unfinished Busi
ness submitted an amended report as
instructed by the Convention. Report
The following resolution, offered by
Rev. 8. H. Robliu, of Committee on Res
olutions, was adopted:
Missionary Resolution.
Inasmuch as the time seems peculiarly
favorable for the spreading of liberal
thought by personal means in our 8tate,
be it
Resolved, That we, as a Convention
assembled, do recommend our settled
pastors to secure pointB outside of their
regular Helds of labor, where they may
disseminate the Christian faith as held
by us; and be it further
Resolved, That we beseech regular
parishes having settled pastors to self
I' ■
! isbly throw no obstacles in the way of
! each enterprises, but rather, with hearty
encouragement ami support, aid in this
glorious woib, which promises so well
for our cause in the State, our denomina
tion at large and the humanity of the
Rev. S. H. Roblin moved that this Con
vention instruct its Secretary to draw
upon the Treasurer for a sumsuflicieut to
defray the expenses of ministers in meet
ing at Owasso on missionary and Con
vention business in September. Also
that in future the people where confer
ences are held are urged to take collec
tions to pay the expenses of the clergy,
man in attendance.
Executive Report.
The Special Committee to whom was
referred the report of the Executive Com
mittee made a report pending a consider
ation of which the Convention adjourned
to meet at 2 p. m.
Convention called to order by the Pres
The Convention resumed the consider
ation of the report of the Special Com
mitttee on the report of the Executive
Committee, which after discussion was
adopted as follows:
(1) We approve the recommendation of
the Executive Board to continue the
present policy of direct appropriation to
needy parishes under the direction of the
Missionary Board.
(Z) We recommend that the balance
of the appropriation promised to Hills
dale parish (8150) be paid in quarterly
installments on condition that a settled
pastorate be continued.
(3) We recommend that the appropri
ation of 8300 be granted to Port Huron
to be applied in the erection of a place of
(4) Clifford. We recommend an ap
propriation of 8100 to Clifford, to be paid
in quarterly installments on condition
that public religious services be regular
ly maintained.
(5) We recommend that 81,000 be rais
ed for the missionary work of the State.
(6) We recommend that at the public
services this evening an appeal be made
for personal pledges for the support of
the missionary work and that a collection
be taken for the same purpose and that
the balance be assessed upon the parishes
and Sunday-schools separately by the
Executive Board.
(7) We heartily recommend the imme
diate formation of a permanent Mission
ary Fund, and that the Executive Board
of this Convention issue a circular call
ing the attention of all our people to this
Tund and asking their ocffitribunon by
gift or bequest according to their ability.
L. H. Squires, i
Park Mathewson, Com.
E. W. Bart. \
Rev. M. B. Carpenter, of the Committee
on Resolutions, offered the following,
which was adopted;
Whereas, The curse of intemperance
in this commonwealth is so common and
widespread and its effects so disastrous
to thousands of citizens bringing deg
radation and diB ress to otherwise hap
py homes, that it is the duty of the Chris
tian church to counteract this condition
by personal and associative action, there
Resolved, That this Convention hereby
re-affirms its action of last year and
recommends its ministers and laymen to
exercise their powers in impressing the
worth of sobriety and upright conduct
on all occasions, consistent with their
The Committee on Nominations by
Rev. James Gorton, Chairman, submit
ted their report, which was adopted as
Committee on Fellowship, Ordination
and Discipline. — Rev. L. H. Squires,
Rev. M. B. Carpenter, E. A. Treadway.
Delegates to the General Convention.—
Rev. 8. H. Robliu, S. J. Murphy, E. E.
Trustee for Three Years.—A. L. Stew
art, of Grand Rapids.
Preacher of Occasional Sermon 1887.
—Rev. S. H. Robliu.
Alternate.—Rev. W. F. Dickermuu.
Place of Adjournment. Deft with Ex
ecutive Committee.
The Convention then listened to an
address by Rev. Dr. Cone on the Value
of a College Trained Laity, and to a
paper read by Rev. L. H. Squires on the
Increase and Equipment of the Ministry;
after which the Convention adjourned.
Iu the abseuee of the President, the
Vice-President, E. O. Spalding, called
the Convention to order 10:30 a. m. Pray
er was offered by Rev. R. Wooden. Upon
roll call a quorum of delegates responded
to their names.
The minutes of yesterday’s proceed
ings were read and approved.
The Committee on Elections reported
additional delegates present which report
was adopted.
dire Committee on Religious Services
reported that in addition to the announce
ments on the program, Rev. J. S. Caut
well, D. D., of Chicago, would preach at
7 p. m. E. E. Spalding presented his
resignation us delegate to the General
Convention, which was accepted. Where
upon the Committee on Nominations
presented the nume of R. B. Taylor to
fill the vacancy and Mr. Taylor was duly
The Committee on Resolutions pre
sented the following, which were unani
mously adopted:
Resolved, That the Rev. L. H. Squires
be requested to prepare an appeal to
young men showing the advantages and
demands of the ministry, and the I’ubli- j
cation Committee are requested to have j
| the same published in tract form, and
copies thereof distributed by our differ
ent pastors in view of increasing the min
istry .
Resolved, That the action of this Con
vention one year ago in electing Mrs. 8.
W. Cook as a Trustee, to fill a vacancy,
supposed to exist by the resignation of
Mr. E. E. Spalding, was superfluous,
unconstitutional and void. The records
clearly show that Mr. Spalding’s term of
office expired by virtue of limitation and
Mr. A. C. Raymond was duly elected to
fill said place.
Resolved, That the thanks of this Con
vention are hereby tendered to Dr. E. L.
Bexford for his able Occasional Sermon
and we hereby request him to prepare a
copy for publication in our denomina
tional paper.
Resolved, That the thanks of this Con
vention be extended to the several essay
ists upon topics assigned, for the able
and meritorions manner of treatment of
their several themes; to the choir of this
church for their aid in the religious ser
vices of the occasion, and to the several
members of this church for their gener
ous hospitality and untiring efforts to
please all attendants from abroad.
The hour having arrived for the special
order the chair introducer! Mrs. H. P.
Jenkins, of Detroit, who read an essay
on the Formation of Literary Clubs in
the Church. On motion it was voted
that the author of the essay’ be requested
to furnish a copy of the same for publi
cation in The TJnivebsalist.
In Memoriam.
The Committee on Resolutions offered
the following, which whs adopted by a
rising vote:
Whereas, It becomes our sau duty to
recognize the fact that since our last
meeting our venerable associate and oo
laborer in the Master’s vineyard, Rev.
Thos. Wheeler, has ceased to exist as an
earthly being, therefore
Resolved, That in Br. Wheeler we rec
ognize the great worth of a man and min
ister exemplifying in his life the beauty
of a Christian hope, and its great worth
in sweetening the manners and making a
life laboring with disease and pain, one
of endurance and resignation. For twen
ty years or more Father Wheeler has been
afflicted with disease and his life constant
ly menaced, yet during all this long peri
od he always met you with a smile and a
gladsome word of good cheer slid good
will, and was always ready to do, as fai
as his strength would permit, any service
that would advance the church of bis
Resolved, That this Convention does
deeply sympathize with the children of
our aged brother in his departure from
these earthly scenes, and we hereby ex
press our conviction of his worth asaman.
Resolved, That these resolutions be
printed with the minutes of this Conven
tion and duly recorded upon its records.
. j p. m. The afternoon was devoted to
the Sunday-school work. Addresses by
Hon. C. W. Garfield, of Grand Rapids,
Rev. W. F. Dickerman, and E. E. Spal
ding. At 5 o'clock the Convention ad
journed, to meet next year at the call of
the Executive Committee.
Ground is already broken for and the
contractors are already preparing to lay
the foundations of forty-five fiats at the
corner of Thirty-third and Dearborn Sts.,
in this city, which are expected to cost in
the neighborhood of $90,000. These fiats
are to be three-story and basement build
ings, constructed of high mottled brown
sandstone in the basement and first story,
and above that of pressed brick with ter
ra cotta trimmings and cornices of the
same material. They will have a front
age of 360 feet, and will be fifty-six feet
deep. Five buildings of three fiats each,
will face on Thirty-third street, and ten
on Dearborn street. This large expen
diture is but a part of the munificent
scheme of the Armour Brothers to erect
in that looality a lasting monument of
their own benevolence, consisting of a
mission church and these houses, the
rental of which will be devoted to the
support of the mission, and it is the in
tention of Mr. P. D. Armour, should he
live long enough to perfect his present
plans, to erect in connection with them a
large hospital, where the poor of the
neighborhood may receive free of all
charge the medical and surgical treat
ment they may stand in need of, and
should he die before his purpose i9 ac
complished, he will commit the work to
his sons to be perfected after he is gone.
-Though a "man of action,” there
never, perhaps, was a more confirmed
bookworm than Napoleon. In all his
campaigns he carried a traveling library
of novels. He had an official in Paris to
look after his literary wants. Just as the
life of a servant was devoted to keeping
a roast fowl always ready to be eaten, so
this literary taster had to supply Napo
leon with novels eternally fresh. From
Moscow, from Madrid, he kept writing
for new novels. He often complained
that they were really too bad. He would
read a few pages in his traveling carriage,
and then throw the dull volumes out of
the window, Bnd turn, voracious, to a
fresh packet.
-The faet a German lady editor has
recently become the responsible editor of
a daily paper in Germany shows that the
woman question is favorably progressing
even in the camp of the enemy, for such
Germany may fairly be regarded from
the woman's point of view. Miss Marie
Reinde, the present editor of the Bam
berger Tagblatt, is the daughter of the
former proprietor, and lias for some time
past conducted the paper with great abil
ity and success.
-Oct. 17 being the dTHIth anniversary
of Tyndale's death, it is suggested that it
be observed as a memorial day.
Tub convention of the Kuights of La
bor is still in session at Richmond, Va.

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