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VOL. IlFV tT,,,?5t.VxVS;.'“T'l CHICAGO AND CINCINNATI, SATURDAY, AUGUST 28, 1897. fraS’TC0M’Tl NO.- 86 •
• - - — The Universalisti A REliGIOUS AND FAMILY WEEKLY fJniversalist Publishing House, PUBLISHKB8. E. F. ENDICOTT, General Agent Issued Evhky Saturday by the Western Branch of the Publishing House 69 Dearborn St. Room* 40 and 41 CHICAGO. IL.C. CDIUC 4 $2.60 A YEAR IN ADVANCE ' ■ • •} $1.26 SIX MONTHS. POSTAGE PAID. SAMPLE COPIES ALWAYS FREE. ft H M ITT ANCKS s—Make all checks, drafts, unoney and express orders payable to A. M. ohnson, Cashier, or Universalist Publishing H'ouse. Western Branch Entered at the Postoftico rs Second-Class Nail Blatter Field Agent, T. I. MOORE. CONTENTS. CHICAGO, SATURDAY, AUG 28, 1897. Page One. Editorial Briefs. Life and Work of Trained Nurses. The Creed Question. Universalist Thought. Page Two. Ought We to Affiliate with the Unitarians? Higher Uses of the Imagination.—II. Forthcoming Books. Well Known Persons. Page Tnree. The Sunday School Lesson. Page Four. Editorial: Progressive Revelation, la It Really Login? Pantheism. An Explanation. Observanda. Universalist Personal. Page Five, Church News and Correspondence. Page Six, The Family Page, Farm, Garden and Hairy. Page Seven, j Our Boys and Girls. Page Eight* Church Notices and 111 Hemortam. News of the Week. EDITORIAL BRIEFS. BY PRESIDENT I. Jf. ATWOOD, D. D. The cess of President B'.nj. An draws of Brown University, is becoming a great public question. The fame which President Andrews has not attained by, his books and his occasional articles he is likely to gain by accident. His ad ministration of Brown University has been marked by stir, by self-advertise ment, and by a persuasive personality. Just where the president’s power re sides, an outsider, who had attended only to his published words, could never guesB. We have read his speeches, let terB, introductions, books, articles, with out ever coming upon anything that evinced mastery of the themes he has discussed so freely. But those who have personal and official relations with him seem agreed in the opinion that he is a strong man and a natural leader. —In the economic divisions of the day he is classed a9 a free-trader; in the financial, as a bimetalist, with decided leanings to the free coinage of silver at a 16 to 1 ratio. It happens that the trustees of Brown are on the opposite side on both these questions. The in jury to the University which the Presi dent's “ pernicious activity,” particular ly in behalf of silver, appeared to them to be working, led to the appointment of a committee to confer with him. The committee seemBnot to have been happy in their mode of stating the desire of the trustees, and Dr. Andrews at once resigned, using in his letter the best English we ever saw from him. That action has been followed by much news paper discussion, and by communica tions from a portion of the faculty and from members of the board of trustees. The communication signed by about two thirds of the faculty was a protest against the action of the committee of conference, and was a very clear and effective piece of reasoning. —The corporation has been unfortu nate in having for their spokesman the Hon J. H. Walker, of Worcester. Mr. Walker may know some things well, but he does not know how to discuss a deli cate question. His last letter to the public and incidentally to the faculty, is diffuse, rambling, inconsequential, The case of the trustees is capable of clear and forcible statement. A master of the art would have so presented their side as to show at once what the posi tion of the trustees is, and the force of it. But Mr. Walker is confused and ir relevant. In the meantime the merits of the debaters threaten to supersede the merits of the question. It is trans parent that a large liberty should be enjoyed by the president or professor; it is equally clear that a mau could not long hold his place in a college nor be useful in it, who could be widely at variance from his board of trustees on burning questions. It is not alone a question of liberty of teaching; it is also a question of adjustment to the practical requirements of the place. — The judgment of Harnack on the leaf of alleged sayings of Jesus recently discovered in Egypt by Grenfell and Hunt, differs somewhat from that of Rendel Harris and Prof. Bacon. He would date it from the second or third century. Its coloring is Semitic rather than Greek, and it is probably taken from the so-called Egyptian gospel. It is either an excerpt from that or more likely a memorandum of scattered sen tences taken here and there from that document, as no logical connection be tween the sayings is apparent. Prof. Thayer, of Harvard, we notice, says "to conclude that the Logia which, accord ing to Papias, Matthew composed in Hebrew, consisted merely of a similar string of disconnected aphorisms—like this leaf,—would be a hasty inference.” The light which a compilation of later date than the canonical Gospel is able to shed on their origin cannot be vivid one would think. Prof. Thayer regards these sayings as “distinctly of a second ary character,” which coincides with Harnack’s view. —Rich men who give liberally of their riches to their denomination are a great source of denominational strength. Mr. Rockefeller has this year lifted the Baptist Missionary Society out of the depths by pledging $250,000 on condi tion that the remainder of the required $450,000 should be raised by the church es. Under the stimulus of that pledge of course the money was raised. Quite different was the proposal of one of our rich men to give 85,000 for Universalist missions provided the denomination should raise half a million! There are and there have been many rich Univer ealists. A few of them have been gen erous to their faith and its enterprises. But the most discouraging fact con nected with our history is the uniformity with which our rich men provide that their money shall never help their church. We have no institution and no enterprise which would not be amply furnished with the means of the largest usefulness if the Universalists who were supposed to be interested in their de nomination and who left great fortunes, had done what was reasonably expected of them. —How paralyzing it is to doubt, how helpful it is to believe, is beautifully il lustrated by universal childhood. The child naturally trusts, and growB in heart as well as in intellect by the things which it does not know and cannot know but assuredly believes. The great unknown is peopled by its spontaneous mind with innumerable and glowing realities. So long as this impulse of nature is availed of to conduct the pro cess of the child’s development its life iB luxuriant and Bweet. But let doubt take the place of faith; let the child learn to suspect and distrust; let its eager leaps into mystery be restrained by continual suggestions that this is “not so,” and its soul shrivels, its face becomes prematurely old, a devil of mis trust lurks in its eyes, and the fair freedom of its life is destroyed at the root. The ideal, the spiritual, the an gelic is nourished in us by trust. —Mrs. Eddy, "our mother,” as the homage of her disciples now designates her, said in her remarks at the Fourth of July assembly in her honor, “truth is potent, error is impotent.” This ap pears to be a cardinal tenet of Christian Science. It wbb repeated in various forms in the course of Mrs. Eddy’s ad dress. If her meaning iB, that truth is naturally superior to error and iB des tined at last to triumph, she is certainly right. The truth and the truth alone, has intrinsic permanency. But if she means, as she appears to mean, that error is always impotent, the history of the world is flatly against her. At this very moment, as Mrs. Eddy must con cede since the vast majority of man kind are not believers in Christian Sci ence, error is far more influential than ttuth. Error yet holds the field in gov ernment, in social science, in morals, in religion. We may wish it was other wise; we may believe it shall sometime be otherwise; but we must not blink the present fact. —The departure ever and anon of gome quiet man, known by hie friends to have been a person of extraordinary gifts or of exceptional knowledge, but almost unknown to the world, impresses the fact that human nature is rich and that our age is one of high intellectual development. The other day Dr. J. Hammond Turnbull,of Hartford, passed away. Outside of Connecticut he was hardly known. Yet he was a man of rare powers and of such uncommon at tainments as lifted him into a niche by himself. In certain historical and lin guistic specialties "he was the foremost living authority.” Dr. Turnbull’s case does not stand alone. Almost weekly we have the record of eome patient scholar, or thicker, or experimenter who was willing to be unknown but who was not willing to be without knowl edge. Canton Th ho logical school. —Rejoice! Be glad! Be cheerful! of e. merry countenance, of a emiling face. Be of gobd courage—never Bombre, sad, or gloomy. Let the joy of the Lord be your strength. Bubble up and run over with joy; let it well up from a great heart of love like a reservoir of God from which you and every one else can draw inexhaustible supplies. Make everybody happy, be full of exultant joy. Your business is to bless; your mission is o bind up the broken-hearted; to lift up the fallen; to inspire and encourage the despondent and fainting; to make every one to be glad and to rejoice.— [ The King's Messenger. OUR CONTRIBUTORS. LIFE AND WORK OF TRAINED NURSES. BY MISS MARION E. SMITH. Chief Nurse Philadelphia Hospital. II.—Hoapital Employment. The duties and privileges of a perma nent graduate nurse in charge of a hos pital ward or floor are numerous and varied. To begin with, before she is put in such a position, she must have been proved to be a woman of strength of character sufficient to enable her to man age many minds and temperaments. She must be fearless of others’ opin ions in matters of conscience, with a sense of duty strong enough to make her hesitate not a moment to report ne glect of duty or infringement of rules. She must, under all circumstances, be unfalteringly honest, sober-minded, nev er flippant in speech or act. She has charge of both nurses and patients un der her care, and this Bhould be made as nearly complete bb possible, scope being given her to carry out her own ideas, as far, and only so far, as they concur with the general management and system of the hospital. She must be held responsible for the nursing, com fort, cleanliness, feeding, conduct and discipline of her patients and the gener al morale of the floor. She will see that the wards are clean, and this includes everything in them—'‘so clean that they cannot be made cleaner;” orderly, quiet well-ventilated and of the proper tem perature; that bath rooms and water closets are in perfect order, clean and disinfected daily. She should personally daily inspect ice-chests and see that they are odorless and Bweet, vessels, cupboards and closets; should see that dining-room and kitchen are free from roaches and that the food is served hot and punctually; that linen closets and supplycupboards are well stocked and always ready for inspection; that the medicine and treatment and diet lists are corrected daily and are neat and ac cessible. She will see that ward and corridor walls are swept once a week with a long-handled brush, and that all paint is clean and spotless. She is re sponsible to the superintendent of ths training Bchool for the work of all her subordinates, the ward-maids, scrubbers orderlies, and, of course, the nurses. To her belongs largely the practical train ing of the pupil nurses—a very serious and responsible undertaking. Upon her report of a probationer the head of the school necessarily has great ly to depend, and her judgment must be good and her perception quick, or how can she determine the difference be tween stupidity and slowness in a new pupil; or, again, distinguish shyness, and its attendant short answers from the intentional bad manners of a self satis fied and opinionated probationer? The blunders of ignorance must be weeded out from the natural awkwardness which no training can undo or alter, and the untidy ward, resulting from overwork, from that due to habitually unsystem atic methods. She must be perfectly impartial, just and firm, yet withal this she will need also to be kind, patient and persevering, remembering that “eternal vigilance is the price of success.’’ Though the routine work be wearisome, it must not be neglected in any detail, no matter how trivial it may appear (though it is doubtful it anything connected with hospital work can be justly deemed trivial.) Let her strive against that nar row-mindedness which comes to some as a result of institution work, and which magnifies near-by objects so as to shut out those at a distance, unimportant - matters assuming great proportions. She should maintain harmony, if pos sible, and be a bond of peace, never fault-finding or quarrrelsome. She should know accurately the physical condition of her patients and make rounds with the physicians when prac ticable. She will instruct the proba tioners personally by the bedside and in the ward, as to taking of temperatures and of all clinisal records, making beds and giving out medicines until the pupil has grasped the subject Bed can be trusted alone. She will attend such clinics as require patients from her ward or floor, and will be held responsible for the condition of all such. What tone she gives to her floor will be reproduced even down to the patients, and she will have to watch herself carefully, to be Bure that repro duction does her credit. In a large hospital there are always many different dispositions among the head nurses, and this probationer is sent to one be cause she needs encouragement and will get it, while another, fully able to hold her own and rather inclined to be aggressive, is sent to a second, by whom such undesirable trait will not be toler ated—and so it goes. As she herself has learned to obey im plicitly, so she will command obedience, and no matter how important the posi tion she may eventually till, she should never forget the lesson and valueof obe dience, nor become like Kipling’s heathen: “-E don’t obey no orders unless they is 'is own.” —a very unhealthy condition even for a heathen! No lesson is of more value than that which discipline teaches us, and if, while a subordinate, she was dealt with what seemed to her unnecessary sternness, it should serve to make her temper justice with mercy; but on the other band Bhe must never let sentiment interfere with duty. She eheuld be held to strict ac count for all hospital property, its con dition and care, and should keep an ac curate list of all articles in use and in stock. At least quarterly she should make an inventory or carefully compare the last one with the stock on hand. She should practice and preach econ omy, and the value of property as such and should be as thoughtful—yes, more so, of the way all articles are used, than if they were her own. Many pupil nurses are careless because they have not been taught carefulness—an essen tial part of their training, which the head nurse must not forget. The head nurses of the Philadelphia Hospital “are graduates of its training school, selected because of distinguished ability, faithfulness and prudence.” The first two attributes having been well attested by their work as pupils, so that we are Bure they know just bow much to expect of those under them, while prudence is a very necessary virtue to possess—a discourager ot gossip in the first place, and so prudent in tongue. Prudent in conduct also must Bhe be, “well balanced,” stopping to think be. fore issuing an order and under no pres sure of excitement being anything but perfectly calm and self-possessed. But though quiet, she must be ready for any emergency, knowing just what to do and how to do it. She should know some thing of the individual characteristics of all her subordinates, or she will never govern them properly, and the knowl edge of minds and methods thus gained will be invaluable. She hae great oppor tunities for developing any executive ability she may possess, which will help make her, some day, if she so desire, the head of a hospital or training school. There are still, strange to say, more hos pital positions than there are women of the right sort to fill them, while there is no scarcity of the other kind. If a woman has the unuBual gifts ne cessary to govern others, such as firm ness of character, an absolute sense of right, a sensitive conscience, moral courage, infinite patience and a willing ness to bear what is beyond remedy with unwearying effort, intuition by which she can tell the false note in speech and tbo false ring of cb- a, tor, if she be systematic and can make others so, and has a high standard of life and its duties, with a dignity of presence which makes her respected, with good health and a cheerful and kindly disposition, so that she is loved bb well as obeyed (for surely no place on earth needs such tender words and hearts and such bright faces as does a hospital)—she will not only be able to obtain a responsible position, but will be sought for by hos pital managers and can command a very fair salary. Those nurseB who have previously served as head nurses are better adapted for such a place. The advantage of such is that she comes in contact with the attending physicians, many of them men of note, who do aot forget her if she is skilled, and who often help her afterward, either by themselves employing her or by refer ring others to her, so that if she takes up private nursing she finds herself not a stranger even in the beginning. If she be a conscienctious woman, she will try to exert a good influence over all with whom she comes in contact, and will leave an impression often lasting many years. Her virtues and her faultsi too, will be passed down to genera tions of head nurses and of pupils. Let her take heed that she make the “ legends” of the hospital holy ones, and that her example bring high ideals and ambitions and lofty desires to all who follow. It is a noble work, and an un selfish life to all who choose to make it such. Let our head nurse take for her motto the beautiful words of Browning: For truth and right, and only right and truth—right, truth, on the absolute scale of God; No pettiness of man’s admeasurement— In such case only, and for such one cause, Fight ycur hearts out. whatever fate be tide; Hands energetic to the uttermost!” FHU.ADKI.eHIA, Fa. HER CREED. BY MABY C. BILLINGS. This the substance of her creed, Gentle word, and kindly deed; Simplest truth, to hold and heed; Help for those who stand in need. Lightsome cheer, and honest thought; Faithful work in patience wrought; Honor, aeither sold, nor bought; Flattering praises never sought. Tender love for hearts that bleed; Faith, in sowing precious seed. Rightful cause, to help, and speed— Not for fame, nor gold, nor greed. Gilded book, nor costly fane Are not needed, to contain— Neither preacher—to explain, Creed so simple, and so plain. Hico, Texas. —It is not unmanly to be religioue. True manhood is always religious. For religioD cultivates the sturdy elements of character, prepares a man for the efforts of everyday life, aod gives him insight into his present relatione to the spiritual world.—Bishop Vincent. THE CREED QUESTION. -- “MANY MEN OF MANY MINDS.” [Under this caption we will publish from time to time articles on the proposed change in our creed. The General Con vention of 1895, in session at Meriden, Conn., proposed the following as a substi tute for the Winchester Profession, and it awaits final action of acceptance or re jection at the Chicago session of 1897.] The Proposed Creed. 1. We believe In the Universal Fatherhood of God and In the Universal Brotherhood of Mas. 1. We believe that God, who hath spoken through all His holy prophets since the woild began, hath spoken unto us by His 8on, Jesus Christ, our Kxample and Saviour. 3. We believe that salvation consists In spir itual oneness with God, who, through Christ, will finally gather in one the whole family of mankind. SONE EMPHASIS. In an article entitled “A Study in Creeds” is found the following clos ing words. “Would that its rejection would end the controversy.” To which I most heartily shout, in the good old Methodist style, Amen; Amen! O! how much valuable time and brilliant ability have been expended in creating doubts and magnifying differences among our ministers, and, perhaps people, upon unimportant matters in our Profession; and, in the vain effort to do an impossible thing —make an exact, definite and truth ful statement of faith, to which no one would object, that should have been spent in the endeavor to con solidate our effort for the spread of our faith, building churches, and elevating the human race! For eighteen years or more, now, the very learned and conscientious divines have been striving for some “amend ed” or “new and more advanced,” “exact,” and “logical statement of our faith, more in harmony with the spirit of the times;” and have finally agreed upon a mongrel, without a Bible, any affirmation of the final triumph of right, or any distinctly Christian flavor. May its rejection at the coming General Convention for ever end this folly and wickedness. I read in another article on this matter of our creed, that “from re cent articles and church papers and speakers at conventions, there seems to be an unnecessary warmth and even bitterness of feeling” and urg ing all to “keep cool, and discuss the matter purely on its merits.” Which good Christian advice I most earn estly emphasize again and again! For it requires constant caution, the utmost calmness, and self-control to keep cool when a person’s home is being pulled down over his head. And more exciting and even exas perating than such a procedure is an effort to misrepresent, undermine, or destroy what a person holds most sacred, dearer than life! But in our day, among the cultured, advanced thinkers, it seems to be considered plebeian to believe any one thing more sacred than every other in rela tion to man and his environment. But I wish to emphasize the fact that there are some things almost universally esteemed more sacred than all others; and our religious opinions are emi nently so. The noble, conviction creating masters will never, can never yield their religious faith, or its false statement, to the decision of a “free ballot and fair count.” And to my mind it shows a very slight con ception of the sacred convictions to view such a procedure as a matter of indifference or of small moment in re sult. This is said in no haat and in no unkindness, but in all seriousness and sincerity; for I have no purpose to “ pose,” not being dependent upon my popular utterances for my bread and butter. Let us reason. After careful investigation I thor oughly believe Christianity to be the true religion as related to all others. The Bible is its only foundation, “The Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments contain a reve lation of the character of God, of the duty, interest and final destination of mankind.” This is fundamental; this revelation is true; truth never changes; a single truth is an infalli ble truth, and the Bible contains an infallible guide in this matter. This truth 1 accepted without elaboration, and without the slightest mental reservation or evasion. I have seen no reason to waver in that acceptance. And now, gentlemen, learned, influ ential D.Ds.,this faith is vital to my life; does any one suppose for a mo ment that a vote of a convention say ing my belief was erroneous would change my conviction? Or cause me to accept as a statement of my faith one without a single word on this es sential truth? The supposition is preposterous! It is an easy matter for those without serious convictions to feel and say: “And so it would seem that the opponents of change had sentiment and reverence for the fathers on their side, while the ad vocates of change had logic, the spirit of the age and the forward look on their side.” But I want to emphasize the fact that some preachers and many people have convictions on this subject; it may be called bigotry, narrowness, illogical and unphilo sophical; but it is scriptural, a con viction, a sacred conviction intelli gently formed, and can never be changed by a “vote!” If all the world should vote me wrong, I would still stand in my convictions of right until proven wrong. Votes do not deter mine truth: policies and procedures may rightfully be determined by ma jorities; but right and truth, Never! Thomas J. Vater. Indianai-oms, inu. THE SOLUTION OK THE CREED QUES TION. i Head at the Ministers’ reception to Kev. Dr. F. A. Bisbee,of Philadelphia, at Pasadena, Cal., July, 20, ’97.) I. —The Winchester Profession of Faith is the best modern creed in exis tence. It has two inestimable qualities, brevity and comprehensiveness. It is shorter (94 words) even than the re ceived form of the Apostles’ Cieed (115 words), and it contains more of the uni versal element of the Christian religion. Therefore, the UniversalUt Church has the proud distinction of possessing the shortest and most comprehensive creed in Christendom. The authorship of the Winchester Profession is not one of the least of the proud distinctions of the Universalist Church. II. —This Profession of Faith stood for nearly seventy yearssimply as a declara tion of Principles. It was rarely used, or even thought of as a test of fellow ship. Ministers were examined and ad mitted to fellowship without any al lusion to the Profession. Societies all over the land were organized, and adop ted their own statement of faith, and I doubt if one was ever rejected or dis fellowshipped during those jears for not adopting the Winchester Profes sion. Nominally, it may have been regarded as a test of fellowship by its authors. But in practice it was rot; for t^ey distinctly stated when they adopted it, that every society or association should have the right to formulate its own statement of principles so long as they were not con trary to the fundamentals of the Pro fession. This was the usage, and under it our church grew to great proportions. Less than thirty years ago, the present form of church government was adopted, and in it the Winchester Profession was made the basis and test of admission into its fellowship. But it has never been Btrictly or generally observed, es pecially in the organization of parishes, and it has seemed impossible to enforce it, and little effort has been made to do ■o. Nor has it been satisfactory as a test of fellowship. That which stood for seventy years unchallenged as a declar ation of principles, has never been gen erally used, or heartily approved during the twenty-seven years it has stood as a test of fellowship. And for eighteen years of the twenty-seven, it haB been a bone of contention. For several years we tried to amend it, but without suc cess. Latterly we have been trying to adopt a new one as a substitute, with little better resulte. Our wisest men have wrought upon it, and the time and strength and best talent of our General Convention has been given to its discussion. And the end is not yet. When the new creed which was adopted at Meriden in '95; is voted down at Chicago next October, as it is sure to be, we shall be as far from a final solution of this vexed question as ever. Are we going on another eighteen years, in the same unsatisfactory way? Or shall we learn wisdom from the past, and try some other solution? What does the past teach us.? First, That we can never have a united chureh with the Winchester Profession as the only and final test of fellowship in our church. Second, that it can never be amended so as to make it satisfactory to all inter ests of the denomination. Third—that no new one can ever take its place. It we have learned these things, then I can see but three ways to settle this question and settle it right,—i. e., to the general satisfaction of all parties. 1. We might keep the Winchester Profession as it stands. Then leave all parishes and churches to adopt such particular forms of statement as would best suit their needs, provided they do not disagree with the fundamentals of our faith or the Bpirit of the Winchester Profession. Thus those who cannot accept the Winchester Profession could phrase their own, and so the friends and critics of the present creed would all be satisfied. This was the usage of our church for the first seventy years of its growth; and they were prosperous years. 2. We might keep the Winchester Profession for alt who prefer it as a standard, and adopt a more general state ment, free from all the objectionable features of the Winchester Profession, out embodying the fundamentals of our faith in euch form as would be accepta ble to thoee who object to the Win cheater Frofeeeion. 3. We might adopt a short and gen eral statement ae a test of fellowship and keep the Winchester Frofeeeion in tact, as a declaration of faith. This last plan I believe is the one recommended by the Boston ministers’ meeting after much investigation and careful di scuseion. I am ready to adopt this plan, or either of the three that will remove the reproach resting upon our church, of iiving*under and con tinuing laws which we do not and can not enforce, and secure greater unity, harmony, and strength to our beloved church. E. L. Conger. t’ASAOKNA, Cal. ^ Universalist Thought^ ^ OUB OWN WRITERS. . Jjjjji All a Part of the Whole. Each member of the human family is an integer of one stupendous whole; therefore, one member of society can not afford to tread upon another; the success of the whole depends upon the success of each. The Doctor of Laws is no better, or more essential to the wel fare of humanity, unless he possesses more manhood, than the peasant that follows the plow; the one cannot live in dependent of the other. Let the freshet of spring flood the meadow and strew it with debris and a long while and much toil will be re quired to restore it to its former beauty and productiveness; so let failure come to one or many in a community and a long period is required to make repara tion, putting affairs into prosperous op eration. The high and the low, the rich and the poor, the strong and the weak, the sick and the well, mutually depend on one another and cannot live without co-operation.—Dr. S. H. Me Collester. The Gospel of DespairINot in Favor. Taking a superficial view of the de velopment of what we please ourselves by calling civilization, Thomas Hobbes easily came to the conclusion that war is the natural condition of human so ciety. and by parity of reasoning that the estate of peace was artificially im posed! A certain school of naturalists, seeing through the microscopic lens the conflicts in which insects devour one another, might be tempted to echo the philosophy of Hobbes. The fact familiar to all that the big fish swallows the little one is often appealed to by those who, not seeing a deeper meaning, glide into the theory that the course of na ture is malignant. A survey of all the facte, particularly of the riper issues, leads to a higher conception of the plana of the Creator, for the educing of good from evil is palpable to all who look into the trend of nature and the outcomes of human annals. The Psalmist was doubtless wiser than he knew for he rose to the higher conception: "The Lord reigneth, let the earth rejoice.” The Gospel of despair has no favor with us in our higher moods.—Rev. Dr. Em erson. Obligations of Isolated Universalists. If the large and often well-to do class of isolated Univerealists could be awak ened to a sense of their obligations to do something for the faith which has done so much for them, they could be made a valuable auxiliary to the general work of the church. Many of them en joy the privileges of our denominational schools and press and often make use of the pastors of our parishes nearest to them upon funeral and other special oc casions. Yet if it were not for the Uni verealiets who have been in the past and are now, the supporters of cur par ishes, we should have neither schools nor publications worth patronizing nor manv preachers ready to answer the calls of the more or less isolated Unh verealists, whose only visible connection with our church is in their desire for the ministrations of its faith upon fu neral occasiona They read the publica tions and use the schools which the toil and self-sacrifice of others have pro vided for them. Upon funeral and other special occasions they send for the min isters whom others, often at great sacri fice, have located and supported within calling distance. Many of these people are in more than comfortable circum stances and very many of them contri bute little or nothing to the churches of their vicinity on the plea of lack of sym pathy with tteir doctrinal position. If they could contribute to the general en terprises of our church one-quarter or even one-tenth, as much as is contri buted by their brethren ccnnected with our parishes, a goodly sum would thus be added to the financial resources of that work.—Rev. C.L. Waite. —The city of Nuffar, the ancient Nip pur, the ruine of which have been un earthed by the American expedition under the direction of Mr. Haynee, ia spoken of by a writer in the London Times as the oldest city in the world, be thinks that the foundations of the city were laid some six or seven thous and > ears before the Christian era. Over 26,000 tablets have been recovered, some of them written before Abraham was born, and some of the icecribed bricks bear th e stamp of kings who lived B. C. i a,800.