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Our Sunday School Lesson.
The International Series with Universalist Expositions. SERIES FOR 1897.—-THIRD QUARTER. Studies in the Acts and Epistles. QUARTERLY REVIEW. I,es*on XIII.—September 26, 1897. INTRODUCTION. 3Iake this Review serve two pur poses. 1. Become better aetjui n ted with Paul. Mass the facta thus far learned. See him. as far as possible, in his completeness. No noble life reveals its deepest moral import until it can be reviewed 8B a whole. Note in Paul hiB spiritual symmetry. Note the heroism with which he obliterated self and ful filled his mission as au Apostle to the Gentiles. Come within reach of his loving heart. Marvel at the greatness of his intellect. Behold in him one of the few that are worthy of double im mortality. He is worthy, if ever, man was,of endless life in the spiritual realm. He is worthy also of being everlastingly remembered by grateful generations in the earth.-If. Become more ap preciative of the Gospel of which Paul was a Minister. What the Gospel was to the Apostle of the Gen tiles it may be to you and mo. It is the universal Gospel, the Gospel of Father hood and Brotherhood. It bears in it the prophecy of victory. It was worthy of Paul’s life-devotion. It is worthy of ous earnest study, and adoption as our rule of life. _ SCHOLAR’S STUDY. GOLDEN TEXT.—' ‘Let your light so shine before men, that they may see yonr good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.”—Matt. v. 15. UNIVEHSAL1ST CATKCHISM. XXXVIII. What must we do to be fully saved? We must believe in Jesus, and obey and follow him.—Acts. xvi. 81; I Peteii ii. 21. GENERAL SURVEY. — Our lessons have covered the quarter past' of the period of Paul's Second and Third Mis sionary Journeys, including the Beginning of the Church in Europe, time about six years (A. D. 52-58). 1. The first lesson told us of the “First Converts in Europe;” Paul, having been called by a Night Voice from Troas in Asia to Philippi in Europe, gained his first convert in Europe in the person of Lydia. SJ. In the second lesson we learned of “Paul and the Philippian Jailer;” Paul, having brought the crazed slave girl to sanity, was with Silas cast into prison; they made the night melodi ous with songs; an earthquake delivered them and caused the jailer to become sup pliant before the missionaries for Chris tian salvation. 3. In lesson three, ‘■Paul at Thessalonica and Berea,” we learned how Paul, when driven from Thessalonica found in Berea people wil ling to hear and investigate,—the Bereans being in candor an example for all. -t. In lesson four we learned of “Paul Preaching in Athens;” he presented the Gospel with tactful method and world wide scope to the representatives of the culture and art of the Grecian world; finding his premises in nature and Grecian poetry, and building an argument for the Universal Religion. 5. In lesson five, Paul’s Ministry in Corinth,” we learned how he spent in the luxurious capital of Achaia a year and a half of self -sacrificing labor, working with his hands for his livelihood, that a church might be estab lished in this center of influence. O. In lesson six, “Working and Waiting for Christ,” we had a specimen-passage from the first extant Epistle of Paul, which he at this period wrote to the believers at Thessalonica. He exhorted the believers in that important Macedonian city to perseverance in the power of faith in Christ as the revelatorof immortality for all; and as the coming Victor over the world 7. In lesson 7. “Abstaining for the Sake of Others,” we learned how the Gospel required of those who had been emancipated from superstition in regard ta the use of the meats which had been consecrated to idols, to exercise their liberty in the spirit of charity; the ap plication being that we should as Chris tians remember the cause of the victims of alcohol whenever we are tempted to take the intoxicating cup. H. In lesson eight, “The excellence of Christian Love,” we learned how Paul advised the jealous and covetous among the Corinth ian believers to unite in the bonds of love, patterned after the Eternal Love. 0. In lesson nine, Paul Opposed at Ephesus,” we learned how Paul, near the end of a three years’ stay in the capital of Asia, was opposed by the image-makers, whose business he had injured by lessening the demand for graven images. IO. In les son ten, “Gentiles Giving for Jewish Christians,” we learned how Paul ex horted the Corinthians to give of their abundance in union with all the Gentile churches, to relieve the necessities of the persecuted Christians in Jerusalem. 11. In lesson eleven, “Christian Living,” wo had a specimen-passage of the Epistle which Paul at this period wrote from Corinth to the believers in Rome; an Epistle wherein he expounded the essen tial Christian doctrines and showed their application to daily life. lii. In lesson twelve, "Paul’s Address to the Ephesian Elders,” we had one of Paul’s sermons delivered under striking circumstances, and containing an exposition of the prin ciples on which he had fulfilled his min istry. HINTS FOR REVIEW. 1. First Converts in Europe.— Acts xvi:0 15. How were the mission aries at Troas hindered by the spirit of the Lord Jesus? How were the Mace donians in need of help? Wnat is the prophetic significance of the first Chris tian convert in Europe? Golden Text? 2. Paul anrl the Philippian Jailer. —Acts xvi:22-34. What was the imrne diate occasion of the first European per secution? Why was the jailer alarmed at the situation? What salvation did the jailer and his family experience? Golden Text? 3. Paul at Thessalonica and Berea. —Acts xvii:l-12. Why did Paul first ap peal to the Jews io Theeeulonica? What do we know of the subsequent his tory of the church Paul founded in Tbessalonica? In what respect were the Bereans superior? Golden Text? 4. Paul Preaching in Athens.—Acts xvii:22-31. Why did the Athenians erect an altar to an unknown God? What are the attributes of God according to Paul’s teaching? How does God judge the world through Christ? Golden Tex! ? 5. Paul's Ministry in Corinth. — Acts xviii:l-ll. Why did Paul now work at his trade? Did Paul in going to the Gentiles forsake the Jews? Why did the Gospel ministry in Corinth require unusual courage? Golden Text? ft. Working and Waiting for Christ. —I. Thess iv:9-v:2. How was Paul with held in his honor from visiting the Tbessalonian church? Can Christians be content to believe that their de parted relatives are endlessly lost? What is meant by the phrase ‘‘coming of the Lord?” Golden Text? 7. Abstaining for the Sake of Others..—I. Cob. viii:1—13. What is the liberty conferred by literal knowledge? How does Paul’s principle apply to the use of intoxicants? Golden Text? 8. Tlie Excellence, of Christian Love.—I. Cob. xiii:l-13. What things are valueless without love? How can we attain to the love Paul describes? Can God’s love fail of its purpose? Golden Text? 9. Paul Opposed at Ephesus.—Acts xix:21-34. Why did the silversmiths of Epheeu9 rise against Paul? How was the mob quieted by the town clerk? Golden Text? [The lemaiDing lessons of the quarter are contained in the Helpeb.] TEACHING POINTS. Ad earnest endeavor should be made in this lesson to give pupils some appre hension of the character of Paul and of his ministry. In addition to the legi timate review these generalizations are worthy of attention. I. Paul was Guided by the Inner Voice, While he was yet a Pharisee, and was as a persecutor journeying to Damas cus, a Voice (Acts ix:3-5) spoke to him out of the light, Saul, Saul, why perse cutest thou me'f This was to him the very voice of Jesus. They that were with me, he afterwards said (Acts xxii:9) beheld indeed the light, but they heard not the voice of him that spake to me. This voice commanded him to become an Apostle of Jesus to the Gentiles. To the guidance of the Voice he committed his life. It was his personal desire to give his first testimony to Jesus in Jerusalem and Judea. In the temple he prayed that such might be his allotment. He bravely wished to humiliate his own pride and become an object of derision to the very persecutors he had encour aged to kill Stephen. But the Voice (xxii:21) commanded, Depart, for I will send thee forth far hence unto the Gen tiles. In obedience to the Voice he em barked on his world-wide mission. During his second missionary journey he came to Troas, and was in doubt whether he should go northward into the wild region of BithyDia and continue his ministry in Asia, or should cross the .Egoan Sea in Europe. A night Voice, impersonating a man of Mace donia, said (xvi:9), Come over into Mace donia and- help us. That was to Paul a call of man, a command of Christ. He obeyed and entered upon his ministry in Europe. In Corinth Paul was fighting an ap parently losing battle against Paganism. He was meditating a retreat. And the Lord satd (xviii:9—11) unto Paul in the night by a vision. Be not afraid, but speak, and hold not thy peace; for I am with thee; and no man shall set on thee to harm thee: for I have much people in this city. Paul, in obedience to the Voice, remained a year and a half in Corinth, and founded there an influen tial church. These are instances of the guidance of Paul by the Inner Voice. In future les sons we shall learn how the same Voice authoritatively spoke to him in critical hours in Jerusalem and on the sea. Paul was obedient to the Risen Jesus through direct guidance of the Inner Voice. II. He was Untiringly Active in the ApostleHhip. As we review hie three missionary journeys, we tind there was no rest for him in inactivity. From th^ time when he was with Barnabas sent forth by the church of Antioch as a missionary to the Gentiles, till the date at which we now leave him (and in deed until hie last day of which we have record), be had no object in living not subordinated to bis purpose to be a faithful minister of the G repel. He was like his Master in not having where of hie own to lay hie head. It was his joy to be homeless, that he might the better serve his Lord. All work was welcome. We have seen him employed at tent making in Corinth and Ephesus. When ever a period of waiting occurred in his journeyings he tilled it with extempor ized ministries (as at his third visit to Troae), or turned it to measureless profit by writing a Letter to some church of his love. While be conceded a certain advantage to the twelve apostles who had been the personal companions of Jesus, he could yet truthfully make this claim for himself (I. Cor. xv:10 I la bored more abundantly than they, all, yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me. III. He was a Uuiversalist. He clearly apprehended the great univer salist principle which underlies the Gos pel: the universal Fatherhood of God (xvii: 25); the universal Brotherhood of Man (xvii:28); universal Divine Provi dence (xiv:15-17); the universal victory of Christ I. Cor. xv:28). He valued truth, whatever its human source. While he was, according to his life-training, accustomed to address him self to the Jews as believers in the scriptures of Israel, and to commend the Gospel as the logical outcome of Israel's history, yet he at Derbe (xiv:15* 17) and at Athens (xvii:22-31) addressed Gentiles on the broad basis of nature’s teaching. To him the God of Israel, the God of Nature, the Father of Jeeue, the Father of all, was One. That Paul was not a believer in a par tial Christianity hud been conceded by almost all competent and candid schol ars. That he had no great estimate of the ethical value of the doctrineof “hell” or gehenna, is negatively proved by the fact that the word does not occur in his thirteen extant Epistles, If he had be lieved in the medieval inferno, popularly named "hell” it is inconceivable that be should not, at least once, have employed the word. He fulfilled hiB mission as an apoBtle of the faith which is not the spirit of fear but of love (I. Tim ii:7). AN IDEAL SUNDAY SCHOOL. An ideal school is not necessarily the one that has the perfect room. To be sure it is an advantage if the room be large, with many windows and some “low down.” It is well, alBO, if the room be semi-circular, and if two blackboards be inlaid in the wall. These things are well, but not essential to a perfect school. An ideal school is not dependent upon the equipment of the room. Many schools with all the up-to-date maps, sand boards, lesson-charts and pictures, fall far short of the mark. They are well, but do not constitute the main spring of the perfect school. It iB well to have the best system of lessons. Opinions differ as to the method of studying the Bible. But this is not the first essential in an ideal school. First and foremost is the teacher; and if she is not ideal, no amount of equip ment or method will make the school ideal. It is not necessary that the teacher be college bred, nor yet a high school graduate, though she must be somewhat intelligent. She must be faithful. When she takes upon herself so great a charge, she must fulfill it conscientiously. A true teacher is called of God; she does not happen into her position by accident. When she has accepted the position she has entered into the Lord's business. She has no right to cut time by being late or absent. How much easier the work of the superintendent would be could he solve the difficulty of how to get teachers to attend to their classes faithfully. There may be legitimate excuses for absence and tardiness, but these are usually not the ones given, An invita tion out to dinner, company, a little tired feeling are too often the reasons without reason. A teacher can never tell when her words are to bring forth fruit; therefore it is well that she sow ceaselessly. A teacher must be filled with a love for the scholar’s bouI. Wise is the in structor who enters into the life—physi cal, social, mental; and these ways may lead to the avenue that finds its center in the child’s soul. But let her remem ber that the soul is her special charge, and that she is to win it for God. There are many teachers who have taught for years and yet have never talked individ ually with one scholar about the true life of the soul, nor have they asked if the pupil were ready to join the church I have had two Sunday-school teachers with very different apparent aime. The first one was somewhat eloquent in the class, but she never spoke to me person ally about the fuller life, and I never felt that she really cared. The other teacher was a woman of less rhetorical ability, She was quiet, but she talked to the soul, and to each girl she put the vital question. I shall never forget how earnestly I replied, “I am ready,” when she put her arm about me, and said, "Are you not ready to join us, dear?” It is one of the most manly and womanly questions that one can put to another, and a teacher who never asks it can never be ideal. iee. the teacher is the greatest power in the school, and her earnestness, her consecration and example count the most. Scarcely do we realize the exalted position that the true teacher holds in the heart ot the child. She is bis ideal, his moral yardstick, and upon it he measures his friends and even bis mother Often have we heard children in the home insist that such a thing could not be so because "my teacher said so.” A month ago I was passing along a very poor street in a city intent upon calling upon some Sunday school child ren. In the street were many boys and girls playing. Suddenly I heard a joy ous shout, "There goes my Sunday school teacher,” and immediately the crowd cleared the way, and I passed through in great honor. Surely, in the sight of those little people I was a queen or a lady of the White House. One need not be born into royalty to gain power. The teacher needs but be faithful to win a royal heritage in the soul of the boy or girl intrusted to her. Let the church be built, then, with an eye for the best Sunday-school room, equip it with the best practical appli ances, teach the scholars by the beet lesson system, but most ot all, let its source of power, and its crown be the teacher. ARMSTRONG A McKELVY . Pittsburgh. SEVMERBAtTMAN Pittsburgh. DAVIS-CH MBERS i ttbdmnh. FAHNESTOCX Pittsburgh. ANCHOR ) > Cincinnati. ECKSTEIN ) ATLANTIC BRADLEY BROOKLYN • New York. JEWETT UL8TER UNION 80UTHERN •» >• Chicago. SHIPMAN ) COLLIER MI3S0URI ’ St. Louis. RED 8EAL 80UTHERN .1 JOHN T. LEWIS A BROS CO Philadelphia. MORLEY Cleveland. SALEM Salem, Mass. CORNELL Buffalo. KENTUCKY Louisville. WHAT h as been vour ex pern nee? That the “just as-good,” i sold-tor-less-money kinds are the most expensive ? That the best, or standard, in all lines is the cheapest ? The best in paints is Pure White Lead and Linseed Oil. (See list of the genuine brands.) By using National Lead Co.'s Pure White Lead Tinting Col l"4 kr r* r* ors. any desired shade is readily obtained. Pamphlet giving * *Vvaluable information and card showing samples of colors free; also cards showing pictures of twelve houses oi different designs painted in various styles or combinations of shades forwarded upon application. National Lead Co., i Broadway, New York. ITEMS OF INTEREST. The first museum of natural history was established in London in 1681. The greatest length of England and Scotland, north and south, is about 680 miles. It is estimated that American travel ers annually spend £20,000,000 in Europe. Philadelphia has a greater mileage of electric railways than the whole of Germany. The deepest English coal shaft is at the Moss Colliery, near Ashton—depth, 2,820 feet. Fires are much more frequent in pro portion to population in New York than in either London or Paris. One of the highest shot towers in the world is to be found at Villach, in Corin thia, where there is a fall of 219 feet. Of one thousand persons only one reaches the age of one hundred years, and cot more than Bix that of sixty-five years. It is noted that the women of the royal families of Europe are, are on the aver age, much stronger mentally and physi cally than the men. The bullet which killed Lord Nelson at Trafalgar is still preserved. It is mounted in a crystal socket, and reposes in a crimson bag with gold tassels. Large numbers of flint-lock guns sx feet in length are made in Birmingham at six shillings each, and many of tt ese weapons find a ready market in darkest Africa. Swimming on the back in sea water, says a doctor, is the most beneficial form of bathing. Swimming on the side is very injurious to the muscles of the stomach. Bullets partially hollow, which expand in the wound, are sometimes used fer shooting deer, while hollow-headed ex plosive bullets are in request for dis patching tigers, elephants, and othi r big game. A Cambridge, Mass., woman, during the recent very hot days, hired a email boy to stand at a watering-trough near her home with a sponge and wet the heads of all the horses as they came up to drink. Notwithstanding the progress of Bril ish hydrography, the last Blue Book of Rear Admiral Wharton reports as many as two hundred rocks and shoals dang erous to navigation discovered durirg the year 1896. Major Elijah Halford, who was the private secretary of President Harrison, has made a reputation in Denver as a church-debt raiser. He was largely in strumental in wiping off a mortgage of 8tK),000 on Trinity Methodist church in that city, The lease of the Astor House expiree within two years, and there will be no renewal. The owners have decided to tear down the building, which is today the oldest hotel in New York. It was erected in 1860, and has been the scene of many historical incidents. Procession of Washerwomen. Hamburg people were once treated to a procession of washerwomen, who marched, with all their instruments of daily toil, through the town. The good ladies of the tub were out on strike, and needed fundB for the continuance of the same, hence the procession. No fewer than two hundred real washerwomen were included in the gathering, without counting the large number of people who followed to show their sympathy with the strikers' grievance. Lovers’ Alarm Clocks. Ad Irish geuius has invented a lover's alarm clock. At ten o'clock it striki s loudly, two little doors open and a figure of a man attired in a dressing gown ap pears, holding in his right hand a sign on which are inscribed the words" Good night.” A MINISTER’S STATEMENT Rev. C. H. Smith of Plymouth, Conn., Gives the Experience of Himself and Little Girl in a Trying Season—What He Depends Upon. The testimonials in favor of Hood’s Sar saparilla come from a class of people whose words are worth considering. Many clergymen testify to the value of this medicine. Head this: “ By a severe attack of diphtheria I lost two of my children. I used Hood’s Sarsaparilla as a tonic both for myself and little girl and found it most excellent as a means to restore the impoverished blood to its natural state and as a help to appetite and digestion. I depend upon it when I need a tonic and 1 And it at once efficacious.” Rev. C. H. Smith, Con gregational parsonage, Plymouth, Conn. H p D'll- c,ire llver llls; eas> t0 tiOOCl S rlllS take, easy to operate. 25c. For Sale at Low Prices and o« Easy Terms. The Illinois Central Railroad Company ode for sale «n easy terms and at low prices, 150/ acres)! bolce fruit, gardening, farm.aud grs Inglaolt ’ocated In “■SOI. IUJSBN ILLINOIS.— They are also largely Interested In, and c* special attention to tbe 800.000 acres of land 11 the famous YAZOO DELTA OF MISSISSIPI lying along and owned by the Yazoo & Mlssi> slppl Railroad Company, and which that Con • pany offers at low prices and on long termi Special Inducements and facilities offered to gi and examine these lands both In Southern 1111 nols and In the "Yazoo Delta,” Miss. For fur ther description, map and any Information, ad dress or call upon E. P. SKENE, Land Commis sioner, No. l Park Row. Chicago. 111. Pullman sTburist . [Sleeper Excursions Zalffomffl -via me SANTA FE ROUTE • Eveiy day in the year Law rates and quid time Patronized by many of the best people frtacriptivt literature address * S.S.SINGING BOOKS Bright Light For Sunday Schools and Young People's Meetings. With Responsive Scripture se lections. Christian Life Songs For Sunday School Praise and Prayer Meet ing, Christian Endeavor Meetings, etc Beautiful Songs For Sunday Schools. With a Responsive ser vice for each month In the year. Living Fountain For Sunday Schools,Praise and PrayerMeet logs and the Home. BY 8. W. STRAUB. Price 35 cents each. 93.60 per doieu. Not Prepaid. FOR SALE BY Universalist Publishing House Western Branch, Chicago, DR. NASH’S MANUAL BY C. KUtvooil Hash, It. I). No. VII.—Of the Manuals of Faith and Duty. This Mancal has recently been issued from the press of the Universalist Publishing Bouse. It is a timely work and one of rich interest to all Christian believers in the Universalist Church. Following is the Table of Contents Introductory. 1, The Claim nml Its Significance, II. Reality of the Claim. III. The Claim Admissible. IV. Why a Saviour. V. What Is It to be Saved? VI. The Problem. VII. Man Need Salvation. VIII. Men Cannot Save Themselves. IX. Man Needs a Personal Friend. X. One Perfect Saviour Needed and One Only. XI. How Is Christ a Saviour? XII. The Gift of Life. XIII. What a Saviour I 104 Pages—Uniform with the other in this popular series. Price 25 Cents. ADDRESS Univer salist Publishing House Western Branch. Chicago. Where '■ Summer I he Charming Lakes and sSurnroer Resorts / ^Wisconsin [ »nd A\iehi^an are reached via i THE NORTHWESTERN LINE For illustrated fomphlets and full Information TICKETS AT k concerning-* -*-*■* REDUCED 3 wh RATES p CHICAGO CITY TICKET OFFICE 1r 212 CLARK ST. or address W.B HNISKERN j Geni Passenger** Ticket Agenf. CHICAGO £ NORTH WESTERN RAILWAY J CHICAGO,ILL. J Our Home Study Class A COLLEGE EDUCATION Brought to the homes of all our Readers. A Trial I^esson Given by Mail and Corrected Free of Charge for Every Reader of THE UNIVERSALIZE. Easy Lesson in Eltctricily here Published. STATEMENT OF TERMS. THE UNIVERSALIST. througl its educational department, offers h practical course of lessons by mail in any desired branch, to all persons, old or young, no matter where the^ may live. All instructions are given by the professors of the American Home University, an institution whose exclusive business it is to con duct home study by the correspon dence plan. The regular tuition charge of the University is $5 for a three months’ term. Special rate to the Universalist readers. $3 per term. Easy lessons are given free on trial to all applicants. Mark the trial lessons coupon here published, cut out and send to The Universal ist, enclosing stamp for reply. The Home University is instruct ing hundreds of students by mail successfully. What others are doing, yju can do. Lessons by mail are, in fact, becoming very popular, several large colleges having recently estab lished correspondence departments. Your best plan is to select some one study in which you are interested, and remit S3 direct to The Univer salist to pay for a three months’ term. Your lessons will then begin at once. Satisfaction is guaranteed, or money will be refunded. When you write, what text books, if any, you hare Persons who wish to join Thb UmvcisALisT class, and cannot Spain the money, should write for trial lessons and state the facts. You need entertain no fears as to the success of mail lessons. It is indeed quite wonderful, but this is the age of wonders. We urge all our interested readers, particu larly the young, to consider this offer seriously, and join the class at once. Tit IA L LESSON I COUPON | MARK THE BRANCHES WHICH | YOU WISH TO STUDY. $ g Latin Short-hand U. S. History; « » Greek Book-keeping Gen. 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THE CHURCH AND Secular Life, BY Frederick William Hamilton "The Kingdom of the World Is become *t>» Kingdom of Our Lord and of His Christ.” CONTENTS. Chap. I. The Church ami the Life of Man. II. The Church and Education. III. The Church and Charity, IV. The Church and Business. V. The Church and Labor, VI. The Church and Politics. VII. The Church and Reforms. VUI. The Church and Society. ltino. Cloth, ttfi Pages, 75 Cents, n Universalist Publishing Hon** Boston and Chicago. ELECTRICITY. Free Trial Lesson Given by Mail to All Our Readers. COPYRIGHTED BY ELDON MORAN. In the popular mind Electricity is classed as a modern inv e n tion. In reality it is not an inven tion at all, but part of nature herself, and has always existed. The ancients knew something of it, but how to produce and con 1 trol it, and apply it to useful pur poses, it lias Deen iett to tne inventive mind of the moderns to discover. It is only in recent time3 that man has sub jected this powerful but elusive force of nature. Electricity is a modeia«'*onquest. This agent of more than Titan strength to-day transports us at high speed over land and water, by it machinery is V jt in motion and messages conveyed in a twinkling. Electricity illuminates our cities, cooks our meals, and heals the sick. To produce this indefinable something, to handle and supply it to consumers in the forms of power, light and heat, gives profitable employment to a multitude of skilled workmen. In so many ways is electricity useful and economical, and the demand for it increasing so rapidly, that the elec trical calling offers an opening, and promises a liberal reward for the services and ingenuity of operators who are duly qualified. Inventive genius finds ample scope and a lucrative occupation in this ever- enlarg ing field. Great fortunes are being ac cumulated by the inventors of electrical appliances, and competent judges con sider that all that has been done in this line is hardly more than a beginning. It is safe to say that young men to-day appreciate the value and importance of electrical knowledge, whether viewei from the commercial or scientific stand point. In this brief space we can only offer a few suggestions and submit a number of test questions. Just what electricity is in reality no one can tell. Sunshine, gravitation, and vegetable growth, however, are mys teries just as deep We can study and | understand the attributes and phe i nomena of electricity. A few of the more elementary facts and principles are briefly stated: i Electricity is either positive or nega tive. If two neighboring clouds are eharged, one positively and the other negatively, they will be connected by a flash of lightning. « Rub a hard rubber pen-holder vigor ously with a silk handkerchief, and it will be found to attract small pieces ! of paper, a pith ball, soap bubble, or a i light pendulum. Rub two sticks of sealing wax with : flannel; they become negatively charged and repel each other. Twoglass rods rubbed with silk become positively charged and will also repel each other. The positive glass and the negative wax, however, will attract each other. They are said to be at different potentials, one plus and the other minus When any two unlike bodies are rubbed together they both become electrified, one positively and the other negatively, and one will then attract and the other repel a third electrified body. Bodies that transmit electricity freely, as water or a metal wire, are called con ductors. Other bodies, such as glass, silk, or hard rubber, which do not transmit electricity, are called non-conductors If you brush your friend’s clothing while he stands on a piece of clean dry glass, vigorously applying an ordinary clothes brush, he will be electrified. If youthen place your finger near his own, an electric spark will be produced. Draw a rubber comb briskly a num i ber of times through your dry hair, and with the spark from it you can light the gas. Rub the fur of the house cat the wrong way In the dark, and you will see elec- * trie sparks in abundance. QUESTIONS. 1. *Vnen w's the electric light lir*t j seen? 1. Name one or more ways in which electricity is employed for different pur poses, as follows: In the arts; for exam ple, electrotyping. 3. Chemically, as resolving water into its component gases 4. In war, as in tiring torpedoes. B In mining, as in exploding dynamite charges 6 In therapeutics, as the electric belt. 7 In benctiting health, as the produe i tlon of ozone by lightning. 8. As a motive power Prepare answers to these questions as well as you are able, and forward your [ exercise for correction.