Our Sunday School Lesson.
The International Series with Universalist Expositions.
SERIES FOR 1897.—-THIRD QUARTER.
Studies in the Acts and Epistles.
I,es*on XIII.—September 26, 1897.
3Iake this Review serve two pur
poses. 1. Become better aetjui n ted
with Paul. Mass the facta thus far
learned. See him. as far as possible, in
his completeness. No noble life reveals
its deepest moral import until it can be
reviewed 8B a whole. Note in Paul hiB
spiritual symmetry. Note the heroism
with which he obliterated self and ful
filled his mission as au Apostle to the
Gentiles. Come within reach of his
loving heart. Marvel at the greatness
of his intellect. Behold in him one of
the few that are worthy of double im
mortality. He is worthy, if ever, man
was,of endless life in the spiritual realm.
He is worthy also of being everlastingly
remembered by grateful generations in
the earth.-If. Become more ap
preciative of the Gospel of which
Paul was a Minister. What the
Gospel was to the Apostle of the Gen
tiles it may be to you and mo. It is the
universal Gospel, the Gospel of Father
hood and Brotherhood. It bears in it
the prophecy of victory. It was worthy
of Paul’s life-devotion. It is worthy of
ous earnest study, and adoption as our
rule of life. _
GOLDEN TEXT.—' ‘Let your light so
shine before men, that they may see yonr
good works, and glorify your Father
which is in heaven.”—Matt. v. 15.
XXXVIII. What must we do to be fully
saved? We must believe in Jesus, and
obey and follow him.—Acts. xvi. 81; I
Peteii ii. 21.
GENERAL SURVEY. — Our lessons
have covered the quarter past' of the
period of Paul's Second and Third Mis
sionary Journeys, including the Beginning
of the Church in Europe, time about six
years (A. D. 52-58). 1. The first lesson
told us of the “First Converts in Europe;”
Paul, having been called by a Night Voice
from Troas in Asia to Philippi in Europe,
gained his first convert in Europe in the
person of Lydia. SJ. In the second lesson
we learned of “Paul and the Philippian
Jailer;” Paul, having brought the crazed
slave girl to sanity, was with Silas cast
into prison; they made the night melodi
ous with songs; an earthquake delivered
them and caused the jailer to become sup
pliant before the missionaries for Chris
tian salvation. 3. In lesson three,
‘■Paul at Thessalonica and Berea,” we
learned how Paul, when driven from
Thessalonica found in Berea people wil
ling to hear and investigate,—the Bereans
being in candor an example for all. -t.
In lesson four we learned of “Paul
Preaching in Athens;” he presented the
Gospel with tactful method and world
wide scope to the representatives of the
culture and art of the Grecian world;
finding his premises in nature and Grecian
poetry, and building an argument for the
Universal Religion. 5. In lesson five,
Paul’s Ministry in Corinth,” we learned
how he spent in the luxurious capital of
Achaia a year and a half of self -sacrificing
labor, working with his hands for his
livelihood, that a church might be estab
lished in this center of influence. O. In
lesson six, “Working and Waiting for
Christ,” we had a specimen-passage from
the first extant Epistle of Paul, which he
at this period wrote to the believers at
Thessalonica. He exhorted the believers
in that important Macedonian city to
perseverance in the power of faith in
Christ as the revelatorof immortality for
all; and as the coming Victor over the
world 7. In lesson 7. “Abstaining for
the Sake of Others,” we learned how the
Gospel required of those who had been
emancipated from superstition in regard
ta the use of the meats which had been
consecrated to idols, to exercise their
liberty in the spirit of charity; the ap
plication being that we should as Chris
tians remember the cause of the victims
of alcohol whenever we are tempted to
take the intoxicating cup. H. In lesson
eight, “The excellence of Christian
Love,” we learned how Paul advised the
jealous and covetous among the Corinth
ian believers to unite in the bonds of love,
patterned after the Eternal Love. 0. In
lesson nine, Paul Opposed at Ephesus,”
we learned how Paul, near the end of a
three years’ stay in the capital of Asia,
was opposed by the image-makers, whose
business he had injured by lessening the
demand for graven images. IO. In les
son ten, “Gentiles Giving for Jewish
Christians,” we learned how Paul ex
horted the Corinthians to give of their
abundance in union with all the Gentile
churches, to relieve the necessities of the
persecuted Christians in Jerusalem. 11.
In lesson eleven, “Christian Living,” wo
had a specimen-passage of the Epistle
which Paul at this period wrote from
Corinth to the believers in Rome; an
Epistle wherein he expounded the essen
tial Christian doctrines and showed their
application to daily life. lii. In lesson
twelve, "Paul’s Address to the Ephesian
Elders,” we had one of Paul’s sermons
delivered under striking circumstances,
and containing an exposition of the prin
ciples on which he had fulfilled his min
HINTS FOR REVIEW.
1. First Converts in Europe.—
Acts xvi:0 15. How were the mission
aries at Troas hindered by the spirit of
the Lord Jesus? How were the Mace
donians in need of help? Wnat is the
prophetic significance of the first Chris
tian convert in Europe? Golden Text?
2. Paul anrl the Philippian Jailer.
—Acts xvi:22-34. What was the imrne
diate occasion of the first European per
secution? Why was the jailer alarmed
at the situation? What salvation did
the jailer and his family experience?
3. Paul at Thessalonica and Berea.
—Acts xvii:l-12. Why did Paul first ap
peal to the Jews io Theeeulonica? What
do we know of the subsequent his
tory of the church Paul founded in
Tbessalonica? In what respect were
the Bereans superior? Golden Text?
4. Paul Preaching in Athens.—Acts
xvii:22-31. Why did the Athenians erect
an altar to an unknown God? What
are the attributes of God according to
Paul’s teaching? How does God judge
the world through Christ? Golden
5. Paul's Ministry in Corinth. —
Acts xviii:l-ll. Why did Paul now work
at his trade? Did Paul in going to the
Gentiles forsake the Jews? Why did
the Gospel ministry in Corinth require
unusual courage? Golden Text?
ft. Working and Waiting for Christ.
—I. Thess iv:9-v:2. How was Paul with
held in his honor from visiting the
Tbessalonian church? Can Christians
be content to believe that their de
parted relatives are endlessly lost?
What is meant by the phrase ‘‘coming
of the Lord?” Golden Text?
7. Abstaining for the Sake of
Others..—I. Cob. viii:1—13. What is the
liberty conferred by literal knowledge?
How does Paul’s principle apply to the
use of intoxicants? Golden Text?
8. Tlie Excellence, of Christian
Love.—I. Cob. xiii:l-13. What things
are valueless without love? How can
we attain to the love Paul describes?
Can God’s love fail of its purpose?
9. Paul Opposed at Ephesus.—Acts
xix:21-34. Why did the silversmiths of
Epheeu9 rise against Paul? How was
the mob quieted by the town clerk?
[The lemaiDing lessons of the quarter
are contained in the Helpeb.]
Ad earnest endeavor should be made
in this lesson to give pupils some appre
hension of the character of Paul and
of his ministry. In addition to the legi
timate review these generalizations are
worthy of attention.
Paul was Guided by the Inner
While he was yet a Pharisee, and was
as a persecutor journeying to Damas
cus, a Voice (Acts ix:3-5) spoke to him
out of the light, Saul, Saul, why perse
cutest thou me'f This was to him the
very voice of Jesus. They that were
with me, he afterwards said (Acts xxii:9)
beheld indeed the light, but they heard
not the voice of him that spake to me.
This voice commanded him to become
an Apostle of Jesus to the Gentiles. To
the guidance of the Voice he committed
It was his personal desire to give his
first testimony to Jesus in Jerusalem
and Judea. In the temple he prayed
that such might be his allotment. He
bravely wished to humiliate his own
pride and become an object of derision
to the very persecutors he had encour
aged to kill Stephen. But the Voice
(xxii:21) commanded, Depart, for I will
send thee forth far hence unto the Gen
tiles. In obedience to the Voice he em
barked on his world-wide mission.
During his second missionary journey
he came to Troas, and was in doubt
whether he should go northward into
the wild region of BithyDia and continue
his ministry in Asia, or should cross
the .Egoan Sea in Europe. A night
Voice, impersonating a man of Mace
donia, said (xvi:9), Come over into Mace
donia and- help us. That was to Paul a
call of man, a command of Christ. He
obeyed and entered upon his ministry in
In Corinth Paul was fighting an ap
parently losing battle against Paganism.
He was meditating a retreat. And the
Lord satd (xviii:9—11) unto Paul in the
night by a vision. Be not afraid, but
speak, and hold not thy peace; for I am
with thee; and no man shall set on thee
to harm thee: for I have much people in
this city. Paul, in obedience to the
Voice, remained a year and a half in
Corinth, and founded there an influen
These are instances of the guidance of
Paul by the Inner Voice. In future les
sons we shall learn how the same Voice
authoritatively spoke to him in critical
hours in Jerusalem and on the sea.
Paul was obedient to the Risen Jesus
through direct guidance of the Inner
He was Untiringly Active in
the ApostleHhip. As we review hie
three missionary journeys, we tind there
was no rest for him in inactivity. From
th^ time when he was with Barnabas
sent forth by the church of Antioch as
a missionary to the Gentiles, till the
date at which we now leave him (and in
deed until hie last day of which we have
record), be had no object in living not
subordinated to bis purpose to be a
faithful minister of the G repel. He was
like his Master in not having where of
hie own to lay hie head. It was his joy
to be homeless, that he might the better
serve his Lord. All work was welcome.
We have seen him employed at tent
making in Corinth and Ephesus. When
ever a period of waiting occurred in his
journeyings he tilled it with extempor
ized ministries (as at his third visit to
Troae), or turned it to measureless profit
by writing a Letter to some church of
his love. While be conceded a certain
advantage to the twelve apostles who
had been the personal companions of
Jesus, he could yet truthfully make this
claim for himself (I. Cor. xv:10 I la
bored more abundantly than they, all,
yet not I, but the grace of God which
was with me.
He was a Uuiversalist. He
clearly apprehended the great univer
salist principle which underlies the Gos
pel: the universal Fatherhood of God
(xvii: 25); the universal Brotherhood of
Man (xvii:28); universal Divine Provi
dence (xiv:15-17); the universal victory
of Christ I. Cor. xv:28).
He valued truth, whatever its human
source. While he was, according to his
life-training, accustomed to address him
self to the Jews as believers in the
scriptures of Israel, and to commend
the Gospel as the logical outcome of
Israel's history, yet he at Derbe (xiv:15*
17) and at Athens (xvii:22-31) addressed
Gentiles on the broad basis of nature’s
teaching. To him the God of Israel,
the God of Nature, the Father of Jeeue,
the Father of all, was One.
That Paul was not a believer in a par
tial Christianity hud been conceded by
almost all competent and candid schol
ars. That he had no great estimate of
the ethical value of the doctrineof “hell”
or gehenna, is negatively proved by the
fact that the word does not occur in his
thirteen extant Epistles, If he had be
lieved in the medieval inferno, popularly
named "hell” it is inconceivable that be
should not, at least once, have employed
the word. He fulfilled hiB mission as an
apoBtle of the faith which is not the
spirit of fear but of love (I. Tim ii:7).
AN IDEAL SUNDAY SCHOOL.
An ideal school is not necessarily the
one that has the perfect room. To be
sure it is an advantage if the room be
large, with many windows and some
“low down.” It is well, alBO, if the room
be semi-circular, and if two blackboards
be inlaid in the wall. These things are
well, but not essential to a perfect
An ideal school is not dependent upon
the equipment of the room. Many
schools with all the up-to-date maps,
sand boards, lesson-charts and pictures,
fall far short of the mark. They are
well, but do not constitute the main
spring of the perfect school.
It iB well to have the best system of
lessons. Opinions differ as to the
method of studying the Bible. But this
is not the first essential in an ideal
First and foremost is the teacher; and
if she is not ideal, no amount of equip
ment or method will make the school
ideal. It is not necessary that the
teacher be college bred, nor yet a high
school graduate, though she must be
somewhat intelligent. She must be
faithful. When she takes upon herself
so great a charge, she must fulfill it
conscientiously. A true teacher is called
of God; she does not happen into her
position by accident. When she has
accepted the position she has entered
into the Lord's business. She has no
right to cut time by being late or
absent. How much easier the work of
the superintendent would be could he
solve the difficulty of how to get teachers
to attend to their classes faithfully.
There may be legitimate excuses for
absence and tardiness, but these are
usually not the ones given, An invita
tion out to dinner, company, a little
tired feeling are too often the reasons
without reason. A teacher can never
tell when her words are to bring forth
fruit; therefore it is well that she sow
A teacher must be filled with a love
for the scholar’s bouI. Wise is the in
structor who enters into the life—physi
cal, social, mental; and these ways may
lead to the avenue that finds its center
in the child’s soul. But let her remem
ber that the soul is her special charge,
and that she is to win it for God. There
are many teachers who have taught for
years and yet have never talked individ
ually with one scholar about the true
life of the soul, nor have they asked if
the pupil were ready to join the church
I have had two Sunday-school teachers
with very different apparent aime. The
first one was somewhat eloquent in the
class, but she never spoke to me person
ally about the fuller life, and I never
felt that she really cared. The other
teacher was a woman of less rhetorical
ability, She was quiet, but she talked
to the soul, and to each girl she put
the vital question. I shall never forget
how earnestly I replied, “I am ready,”
when she put her arm about me, and
said, "Are you not ready to join us,
dear?” It is one of the most manly and
womanly questions that one can put to
another, and a teacher who never asks
it can never be ideal.
iee. the teacher is the greatest power
in the school, and her earnestness, her
consecration and example count the
Scarcely do we realize the exalted
position that the true teacher holds in
the heart ot the child. She is bis ideal,
his moral yardstick, and upon it he
measures his friends and even bis
mother Often have we heard children
in the home insist that such a thing
could not be so because "my teacher
A month ago I was passing along a
very poor street in a city intent upon
calling upon some Sunday school child
ren. In the street were many boys and
girls playing. Suddenly I heard a joy
ous shout, "There goes my Sunday
school teacher,” and immediately the
crowd cleared the way, and I passed
through in great honor. Surely, in the
sight of those little people I was a queen
or a lady of the White House. One
need not be born into royalty to gain
power. The teacher needs but be
faithful to win a royal heritage in the
soul of the boy or girl intrusted to her.
Let the church be built, then, with an
eye for the best Sunday-school room,
equip it with the best practical appli
ances, teach the scholars by the beet
lesson system, but most ot all, let its
source of power, and its crown be the
ARMSTRONG A McKELVY
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ITEMS OF INTEREST.
The first museum of natural history
was established in London in 1681.
The greatest length of England and
Scotland, north and south, is about 680
It is estimated that American travel
ers annually spend £20,000,000 in
Philadelphia has a greater mileage of
electric railways than the whole of
The deepest English coal shaft is at
the Moss Colliery, near Ashton—depth,
Fires are much more frequent in pro
portion to population in New York than
in either London or Paris.
One of the highest shot towers in the
world is to be found at Villach, in Corin
thia, where there is a fall of 219 feet.
Of one thousand persons only one
reaches the age of one hundred years,
and cot more than Bix that of sixty-five
It is noted that the women of the royal
families of Europe are, are on the aver
age, much stronger mentally and physi
cally than the men.
The bullet which killed Lord Nelson
at Trafalgar is still preserved. It is
mounted in a crystal socket, and reposes
in a crimson bag with gold tassels.
Large numbers of flint-lock guns sx
feet in length are made in Birmingham
at six shillings each, and many of tt ese
weapons find a ready market in darkest
Swimming on the back in sea water,
says a doctor, is the most beneficial form
of bathing. Swimming on the side is
very injurious to the muscles of the
Bullets partially hollow, which expand
in the wound, are sometimes used fer
shooting deer, while hollow-headed ex
plosive bullets are in request for dis
patching tigers, elephants, and othi r
A Cambridge, Mass., woman, during
the recent very hot days, hired a email
boy to stand at a watering-trough near
her home with a sponge and wet the
heads of all the horses as they came up
Notwithstanding the progress of Bril
ish hydrography, the last Blue Book of
Rear Admiral Wharton reports as many
as two hundred rocks and shoals dang
erous to navigation discovered durirg
the year 1896.
Major Elijah Halford, who was the
private secretary of President Harrison,
has made a reputation in Denver as a
church-debt raiser. He was largely in
strumental in wiping off a mortgage of
8tK),000 on Trinity Methodist church in
The lease of the Astor House expiree
within two years, and there will be no
renewal. The owners have decided to
tear down the building, which is today
the oldest hotel in New York. It was
erected in 1860, and has been the scene
of many historical incidents.
Procession of Washerwomen.
Hamburg people were once treated to
a procession of washerwomen, who
marched, with all their instruments of
daily toil, through the town. The good
ladies of the tub were out on strike, and
needed fundB for the continuance of the
same, hence the procession. No fewer
than two hundred real washerwomen
were included in the gathering, without
counting the large number of people
who followed to show their sympathy
with the strikers' grievance.
Lovers’ Alarm Clocks.
Ad Irish geuius has invented a lover's
alarm clock. At ten o'clock it striki s
loudly, two little doors open and a figure
of a man attired in a dressing gown ap
pears, holding in his right hand a sign
on which are inscribed the words" Good
A MINISTER’S STATEMENT
Rev. C. H. Smith of Plymouth, Conn.,
Gives the Experience of Himself and
Little Girl in a Trying Season—What
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as a means to restore the impoverished
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when I need a tonic and 1 And it at once
efficacious.” Rev. C. H. Smith, Con
gregational parsonage, Plymouth, Conn.
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DR. NASH’S MANUAL
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This Mancal has recently been issued
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Following is the Table of Contents
1, The Claim nml Its Significance,
II. Reality of the Claim.
III. The Claim Admissible.
IV. Why a Saviour.
V. What Is It to be Saved?
VI. The Problem.
VII. Man Need Salvation.
VIII. Men Cannot Save Themselves.
IX. Man Needs a Personal Friend.
X. One Perfect Saviour Needed and One
XI. How Is Christ a Saviour?
XII. The Gift of Life.
XIII. What a Saviour I
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In the popular
is classed as a
modern inv e n
tion. In reality
it is not an inven
tion at all, but
part of nature
herself, and has
of it, but how to
produce and con
1 trol it, and apply
it to useful pur
poses, it lias Deen iett to tne inventive
mind of the moderns to discover. It is
only in recent time3 that man has sub
jected this powerful but elusive force of
Electricity is a modeia«'*onquest. This
agent of more than Titan strength to-day
transports us at high speed over land and
water, by it machinery is V jt in motion
and messages conveyed in a twinkling.
Electricity illuminates our cities, cooks
our meals, and heals the sick. To produce
this indefinable something, to handle and
supply it to consumers in the forms of
power, light and heat, gives profitable
employment to a multitude of skilled
workmen. In so many ways is electricity
useful and economical, and the demand
for it increasing so rapidly, that the elec
trical calling offers an opening, and
promises a liberal reward for the services
and ingenuity of operators who are duly
Inventive genius finds ample scope and
a lucrative occupation in this ever- enlarg
ing field. Great fortunes are being ac
cumulated by the inventors of electrical
appliances, and competent judges con
sider that all that has been done in this
line is hardly more than a beginning.
It is safe to say that young men to-day
appreciate the value and importance of
electrical knowledge, whether viewei
from the commercial or scientific stand
point. In this brief space we can only
offer a few suggestions and submit a
number of test questions.
Just what electricity is in reality no
one can tell. Sunshine, gravitation, and
vegetable growth, however, are mys
teries just as deep We can study and
| understand the attributes and phe
i nomena of electricity. A few of the more
elementary facts and principles are
i Electricity is either positive or nega
tive. If two neighboring clouds are
eharged, one positively and the other
negatively, they will be connected by a
flash of lightning. «
Rub a hard rubber pen-holder vigor
ously with a silk handkerchief, and it
will be found to attract small pieces
! of paper, a pith ball, soap bubble, or a
i light pendulum.
Rub two sticks of sealing wax with
: flannel; they become negatively charged
and repel each other.
Twoglass rods rubbed with silk become
positively charged and will also repel
each other. The positive glass and the
negative wax, however, will attract each
other. They are said to be at different
potentials, one plus and the other minus
When any two unlike bodies are rubbed
together they both become electrified,
one positively and the other negatively,
and one will then attract and the other
repel a third electrified body.
Bodies that transmit electricity freely,
as water or a metal wire, are called con
ductors. Other bodies, such as glass, silk,
or hard rubber, which do not transmit
electricity, are called non-conductors
If you brush your friend’s clothing
while he stands on a piece of clean dry
glass, vigorously applying an ordinary
clothes brush, he will be electrified. If
youthen place your finger near his own,
an electric spark will be produced.
Draw a rubber comb briskly a num
i ber of times through your dry hair, and
with the spark from it you can light the
Rub the fur of the house cat the wrong
way In the dark, and you will see elec- *
trie sparks in abundance.
1. *Vnen w's the electric light lir*t
1. Name one or more ways in which
electricity is employed for different pur
poses, as follows: In the arts; for exam
3. Chemically, as resolving water into
its component gases
4. In war, as in tiring torpedoes.
B In mining, as in exploding dynamite
6 In therapeutics, as the electric belt.
7 In benctiting health, as the produe
i tlon of ozone by lightning.
8. As a motive power
Prepare answers to these questions as
well as you are able, and forward your
[ exercise for correction.
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