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VOL. XI Vf-HT°EI CHICAGO AND CINCINNATI, SATURDAY. NOVEMBER 13, 1897. )™V<5r.°gK,'Tl NO. 4fi
A RELIGIOUS AND FAMILY WEEKLY ’Jkiversalist Publishing House, publishers. E. F. ENDICOTT, General Agent Issued Every Saturday by the rvBSTRBN Branch of the Publishing Housi > Dearborn St. Rooms 40 and 41 CHICAGO, ILC. ( $2.60 A YEAR IN ADVANCE 1 »flWlO * • • | 1.26 SIX MONTHS. POSTAGE PAID. SAMPLE COPIES AI.WAYS FREE. REMITTANCES:—Make all checks, drafts. Money and express orders payable to A. M. Johnson, Cashier, or Universalis! Publisiiinjj ouse. Western Branch Bnter**'’ nt the Postoffico a. 8oe(ln^»«« m><i CONTENTS. CHICAGO, SATURDAY, NOV, 13, 1897. Fan One. From Boyhood to Manhood. Chnrch Duty in Times of Financial Emerg ency. The Care of the ChnrcheB. W. C. A.—Notes for October. Face Two. Social Settlements. “Heavenly Fire." The Missouri Convention. Page Three. The Sunday School Lesson. Face Four. Editorial: Transfer of the Gospel Banner. The Natnre of the Kingdom. Dr. Fairbairn on Pnlplt Preparation. Chicago Ministers’ Meeting. Unlver-mlUt Mission in Japan. General Convention: Memorial- Fellowship. Views of the Editors. Page Five, Church News and Correspondence. Page Six, The Family Page, Farm, Garden and Dairy. Page Seven. Our Boys and Girls. Page Eight. News of the Week. Church Notices and In Memoriam. OUR CONTRIBUTORS. FROM BOYHOOD TO MANHOOD BY MARY LOWE DICKINSON. The Necktie Stage-Going on His Cuff's. “It ir a matter of great retrret to me,” said an intelligent, college bred father, a downtown man of affairs, “that my boy, Harry, has decided that he doesn’t want to go to college. I have taken the greatest interest in having him well prepared, and it is a real disappointment to find that he is determined to go into business.” “But why did you leave him to make the choice?” said his hearer. “Now in our family, the boys never had any choice about it. It was un derstood from the beginning and taken for granted by everybody that they were to goto college. The men of our family had always done it, and the boys, whether they liked it or not, took to it kindly when it came along as a pait of the natural course of existence.” “But do you think it was of any use to them if they didn’t like it?” asked the disappointed father. “Sometimes they thought they didn’t like it and afterward found they did- Some of them insisted that it was doing them no good, but we generally succeeded in worrying them through the four years. Only one man out of all—and we have had a good many college boys in our family—but has admitted that hie college course was of immense ad vantage to him in after years; not a single member has been willing that his own son should go through life without it.” “Well,” said the first speaker, with rather a crestfallen air, ‘‘it would require as much urging and driving to get my boy to go to college as it would have taken to keep me away. I was willing to work nights, take double duty in the daytime, and live on bread and cheese if need be, but the college training I was determined to have. I cannot see why my boy should be so set against it. He does not care enough about it to work for it, and he isn’t the sort to get any good out of anything that he doesn’t work for. The fact is he is the kind of a fellow, if he went to college at all, to go through on his cuffs.” As the speaker and bearer parted the latter smiled at the final sentence, that told the whole story in a word. It was a novel way of expressing it, but the thing itself was far from new. Any one of us who stops to think for a moment will see passing before his mind’s eye a procession of young men and boys who are trying to “go through things on their cuffs.” In other words, they are not really going through at all. They are only posing and seeming to go, but they never get anywibere. They seem to be do ing, but nothing of genuine value is ever hrought to pass. We are all only too familiar with this class of young men. They are in that stage of evolution where to do anything that would take the crease out of the trousers or soil the hands becomes distasteful. They turn a deaf ear to the advice of the negro song that runs, “Take off your coat, boys, and roll up your sleeves, Jordan’s a hard road to trabble.” Be it the Jordan road, or any other, if it’s a “hard one to trabble,'’ they don’t propose to go. Nothing is tol erated that would interfere with the careful polishing of the linger nails. They are in a stage of arrested de velopment. The outside fellow has grown until he fits into first-class clothes of the regulation cut and the required number of buttons. The inside fellow, even if in early years he has been manly and strong and a little rough, seems to have shrunken to fit the new clothes. The boy who used to love a wres tie or a tumble with other athletic fellows finds vigorous exercise not to his taste. The lad who liked a battle with the waves and a vigorous rub in the cool of a summer morning takes kindly now to a Turkish bath, with some other fellow to do the rubbing. He has entered upon a period of enervation, mistaken too often for a period of true refinement. The height of his collar, the style of his tie, the breadth aud stiffness of his cuffs, the size of his seal ring, the freshness of hi9 gloves, the careful parting of his hair all come to be, at this stage, matters of supreme and vital import ance. We know of one instance, in which a young man who had been a few years earlier a rollicking, jolly, big hearted boy, actually helped him self to the silk stockings of his sister, that his manly limbs might be en cased in nothing but the best. And when he was taken to task for this trespass upon the feminine hosiery, he justified himself by saying that his allowance wa9 too small to get what he ought to have, and that nothing but silk was fit for a gentle man. Another boy, whoce father was a well-dressed man, constantly sup plied himself with his father’s neck ties, handkerchiefs and scarf pins, until one day his indulgent parent said: ‘Tom has only one grudge against me, and that is that I am three inches taller than he is, and he canuot wear my trousers. He helps himself to all the rest of my belong ings, and when I am dressing to go out to dinner, I am lucky if Tom has not already arrayed himself in my best.” We remember another instance, equally authentic, of the rapid growth of the ideas of a young man with reference to the conduct of a house hold. His father had secured for him a position where he would have to begin at the bottom and work for a year at not more than three dollars a week; yet on the ground that he was now a man of business he gave his parents some good advice as to changing their mode of living, and substituting a butler, who could also do service as a valet, forthequiet maid who had, up to the present time, been quite sufficient for the table service of the home. His larger views as a merchant in embryo, and as a business man who went ‘ down town” every day, demanded an ex pansion of the family life, and hehad the air of being quite able to pay the butler and the valet himself. It was an instance of going into business on his cuffs. We are glad to notica that this peculiar development sterna to be only a stage and phase of progress. Boys go through it as they go through scarlatina and measles and whoopiog cough. With tteir cuffs they put on their dignity. Out of this sham dignity their next progress may be into a truer manliness. The disease is accompanied with intense admira tion of one's self, and a symptom of this is very apt to be a great disgust of whatever is not in aoccrd with his new ideas. Tne younger brothers and sisters are simply, at this period, so many little bears and monkeys to be suppressed and kept out of the way. The cry or laugh of a little child is apt to make our young lord ask “why children should not be kept in the nursery instead of being allowed to be troublesome to older folks!” Even the mother looks old fashioned, and he wishes she would not appear without her best gown and cap. As for father, with his plain, everyday business ways, he is indul gently to be tolerated, because, for sooth, out of father’s pocket must come the wherewithal to keep t e lad in cuffs. If this state of things continued long our boys would be refined out of everything that is sweet, sunny, natural and manly—the very things that make us their willing and happy slavep. But fortunately a little knocking about in the world goes far to take it out of them. A little ju dicious snubbing from an older sister, a little tightening of the puree strings and keeping the loaf under his own arm on the part of the father, a little indifference on the part of the girls and women whose adoration he ex pect?—all these are remedial agentp, and will certainly help to cure. Then usually down at the bottom of his nature there is a substratum of com mon sense and genuine nobility that bv and by finds its way to the sur face and gives us back again the fine fellow who has been so buried up under his notions of wbat is due to his precious person that we feel as if we had lost the heart and soul of our boy. The condition while it lasts is to be borne with and ignored as much as possible. While he seems lost to us it is well enough not to try to hold him too tight, and when he comes back it iB wise not to act as if you ever knew he had been gone. On no account get ready the “fatted calf,” though it is rare that the re form comes so rapidly that he would resent the addition of a new robe or even another “ring upon his hand.” New Yobk City. OHUROH DUTY IN TIMES OF FINAN CIAL EMERGENCY.* BY MB K. DYKEMA, Grand Rapids. The conclusions I have come to have been drawn from my experience. Tqo86 duties do not greatly differ one time from another. A church is, first, a religious institution; second, it is a business institution. As a church, it looks after the moral and spiritual welfare of its members, and any others who may attend its ser vices. As a business institution, it looks after paying its running ex penses and keeping its property in order. The pastor is the general manager of the moral and spiritual phases of its work. It is not the duty of the pas tor to be the financier for the society. The manner in which he comes into touch with the people and the merits of Lis sermons, must be of such a standard as to draw the money nec essary to pay his own salary and other current expenses of the church. Unless he develops sufficient strength to accomplish this, the enterprise will prove a failure. It cannot, however, be reasonably expected that a minister will be as unchangeable and perfect as your Father in Heaven. Most * of them have changing moods, just as other people. If you expect your minister to always be equally smooth and nice, and he succeeds in meeting your expectations, you may conclude that he is an unusually well-balanced man. Everything in this world is changing, and a minister will be no exception. All these matters apply to good as well as hard times. A church also has its legal repre sentatives in its board of trustees. There should always be perfect har mony between the minister and the board of trustees. When any num ber of trustees less than a majority of the board are out of harmony with the minister, they should resign. They have ceased to be useful as trustees. If a majority of the board are out of harmony with the pastor, then he should resign. Any trustee uttering unkind sentiments with ref erence to the minister in presence of others is spreading poison. If he succeeds in making others feel as he does, he is lowering their standard as well sb his own. This is as true of a member as of a trustee. Un swerving loyalty to the minister by trustees and members of the church is the foundation he must have to stand on, or he cannot succeed. To be loyal costs money sb well as ser vice. Churches need money to run n good times. This need is emphasized during hard times. A church mem ber is never at his best for himself or his church, when he becomes con servative about giving. I do npt mean that the amount you give de termines your loyalty, but the spirit in which you give it. If you give as little as you dare to, and that only for the looks of it, you will be but little benefit to the church, and less to yourself. Loyalty and consecra tion injects power • into the money you give. Every time we withhold money that ought to go to the church, our loyalty shrinks, a process sets in •Read at the Michigan Universalist Con vention, Lansing, October 6, 1897. just the reverse of that which the church stands for; instead of grow ing spiritually larger by its touch we grow smaller. Every church member can figure out approximately what his proper portion of that church’s current ex pense is. If you pay less than that, you are spongiDg on seme one more loyal than yourself. If others are not more loyal than yourself, the honest obligations of the church will go unpaid. A church society that daes not pay its debts when due can njt be a very great saving power. Such a church should utilize the prayer, “Lord, what shall I do to be saved?” It should learn to save it self, before it goes into a general sav ing business. A Board of Trustees creates obliga tions based on the proposition that each member will render tribute ac cording to bis or her pledge orability. A failure to meet such individus 1 ob ligation is rank dishonesty, both to the trustees and to the people with whom they have contracted debts. To succeed in this world you must be honest. If your church is not safe in relying on your pledges, I would suggest that it would be un safe for any one else to trust you. The church you belong to stands as your representative in the religious world. To be powerful it must have a ciean, honest record. An honest, loyal, earnest membership will make any church Bucceed in its particular work. It is the duty of every mem ber to be kind and considerate of every other member. If you discover a weak spot in the character of a brother or sister, don't advertise it; you may have weak spots yourself, and there is always plenty of gratuitous advertising of such matters without your help. You can afford to be honest and candid, no matter if you are misunderstood. If there is a member you do not like, do not tell it; your mental. vibration will make him or her aware of it. Do not forget that every thought and word is an act of sowing seed, and there are no dead kernele; they all grow, and the harvest will be youis. Fortunately, however u. -> I3 as true of kindly thoughts and kindly words as of the other kind. It is of kind thoughts, acts and words that heav enly treasure is made up. And such are really the only staying assets. A church whose membership pcsscssss plenty of these will have no cause to default on its obligations no matter what the times are. I have been a member of the Uni versalist church in Grand Rapids for twenty years. During that time all sorts of conditions have prevailed. Whenever I have heard a report of the church’s financial status by com paring it with the previous one, I could tell w hether the true life of the members was rising or falling. When spiritual life in a church loses its warmth, its cash receipts fall off. If the minister's sermons become cold and intellectual, again the cash receipts fall off. At the outeet I said that a church is a religious institution. The Uni versalist pulpit is not for the purpose of teaching science or philosophy. Its spiritual teachings, however, must be up to date and in harmony with the latest discovered truths. A min ister that cannot keep up with the newly discovered truths of the day will 90on be left behind by at least a part of the members of his church. To be a member of a church has a meaning. Every person who joins the church assumes a responsibility with every other member. He or she is equally responsible for the faithful performance of every duty of the church toward the community in which it is located. It is the duty of every member to appropriate from his earnings a proper amount for the support of the church and then pay it promptly. Above all never find fault with any one or anything. Al ways be kindly one toward another. Harmonious action is absolutely necessary to the highest success. Let every member be true and loyal to his duty; then there will be no fi nancial emergencies to take care of. Grand Rapids, Midi. Scandalized HU Brethren. It is on Piofessor Shields, as clergyman and member of the New Brunswick Pres bytery, that the brunt of the ecclesiasti cal attack and criticism falls among the signers of the petition for a saloon license for the Princeton Inn. The Synod of New Jersey could not well aijopt the resolu tions enjoining the presbytery to inquiry into the facts and to indict necessary dis cipline, as the presbytery already has be gun investigation of the matter; but the Synod reiterated its condemnation of those who rent property for saloons or sign petitions for license, which is as near to a judgment as could be given, as there is no doubt that Professor Shields has in this way scandalized bis brethren.—The independent. THE OARE OF THE OHUROHES. BY ROBERT JAR DINE. Permit a comparative stranger in the Universaiist denominatit n to ex press himself, through your valuable paper, in regard to one of the iir par taut subjects discussed at the recent General Convention. I refer to spirit ual supervision of the churches; and I need not remind your readers that this matter was brought before the convention by the conference of min isters, and that the solution of the problem was thought to be the ap pointment of a Field Secretary. Without undervaluing the useful ness of such an offic al, if he were ap pointed and could be paid, I take the liberty of saying that the sphere of the chuich is entirely too large for the supei vision of any single official to be effective. No one man, how ever ubiquitous he might be, could possibly cover thelength and breadth of the United States with his spiiit ual influence. If he tried to doeo he would find that the old logical law is still valid:—the greater the extension the smaller the intensity of hiB influ ence. And I believe that the great need of the Universaiist Church, as far as regards the care of its parishes is concerned, is the better organiza tion of its ministers in local districts. At present the lowest church court is the State Convention. That body meets but once a year and fails to ex ercise an effective supervision of tie parishes within its bounds. A parish may become vacant and remain va cant for months without any member of the convention feeling it to be> Lis duty to get it placed agaiu upon a working basis. And those parishes which have pastors arenotsystemati cally looked after by the convention in regard to their work. The sphere of the convention is too large to ad mit of its exercising efficient super vision. Where, then, is the remedy? I believe it will be found in the re suscitation of the District Associa tions with well-defined spheres of operation and functions. Let the state be divided int'j convcn>en* d:° tricts eo small that representatives of the parishes could meet at least every three months. Let the District As sociations be composed of each min ister within the bounds and one or two representative laymen from each parish. These District Associations should have immediate spiritual su pervision of the churches compre hended within them and should exer cise clearly defined functions. What should be these functions? L They should act as media for communication between the State and General Conventions cn the one hand and the parishes on the other. In this capacity they would naturally collect all statistics of church, Sun day-school. Woman’s Work, and Y. P. C. U. They would also transmit such appeals for financial help from either of the conventions as might be made, and would take steps to secure that these appeals were responded to where possible. 2. They should carry on necessary missionary work within theirbounds. Some dormant churches might be found or churches in danger of becom ing dormant. The Home Mission Com mittee would see that the churches were visited, encouraged and as often as possible, supplied with services. It should be considered a duty for each minister of the district to give a reasonable portion of his time to home missionary work; and the dis trict committee entrusted with this matter would make arrangements for his doing so. This work of District Association might be carried on in co-operation with the State mission ary. 3. They should exercise pastoral care over parishes when they become vacant. Vacancies in parishes are often ruinous, and it is most import ant that they should be officially looked after in the intervals between settled ministries. One or more members of the District Association should be detailed to visit vacant parishes, consult with and encourage them, and assist them, in any desir able way, to another settlement. 4. The general supervision of all the parishes within the bounds would involve the appointment, by the association, of committees to look after: (1) Home mission work; (2) Sunday schools; (3) young people’s unions; (4) missionary contributions, and (5) statistics. It should be the duty of members of these committees, not merely to send circulars asking for information and contributions, but to go person ally and look after the interests com mitted to their care, and to stimulate and encourage workers in the differ ent spheres in the performance of their work. These associations should be made a regular part of the church organism, working under the State conventions and carrying out their behests. They should collect material to be reported to the State conventions and would be in a position to make valuable suggestions to the conventions re garding the various interests of the church. Through them also the State missionary might find his effi ciency doubled or quadrupled as he would command the assistance of a score of ministers instead of working almost single-handed. With considerable hesitation I offer these suggestions. They are but roughly drawn, and might require considerable amendment before being carried into effect. But concerning the necessity of some such scheme of practical work as is outlined above, as a condition of the prosperity of our church, I have no doubt. There must be some means of getting into harness the enormous amount of latent energy stored up in the min istry and membership of the church, if we would do our work efficiently. No highly paid official at the head can ever secure or guide the efforts of the hundreds of workers through out the bodyof the church whoought to be enlisted more earnestly in the great work of building up the body of Christ. Chicago. Nov. 4. Wsig. 51. NOTES FOE OOTOBEB. Reports from the states recently hold ing annual meetings are cheering. As most of the newly elected Boards have so recently been published in the de nominational papers we will not repeat, although several of the new secretaries have sent them to us for that purpose with other interesting items relative to their work. NEW HAMPSHIRE. Mies Clara E. Woodman, secretary of this W. U. M. S., sends me a model re port from which I will make a few ex tiacte: President, Rev. Isabel McDufT, Clare mont. Vice President, Mrs. Mancy W. P, Smith, Newhelde. Secretary, Mies Clara E. Woodman (P O. box 115), Kingston. Treasurer, Mi6s J. Grace Alexander, Winchester. Board of Advisors, Mrs. C. F. Mcln tire, Marlboro; Mrs J. A. Hicke, Con cord; Mrs. J. H. Little, Winchester. The W. U. M. S. of New York has settled upon a definite line of work at its annual meeting, voting to become responsible for the expenses of the ten district missionaries in the State. This they will do with their half of the mem berships retained for State work. Sev eral of the ministers within this circuit at once manifested an increase of inter est in having a mission circle formed in their parish at the earliest possible moment, as they realize as never before a force has been introduced that has come to stay, and means individual consecrated parish progress; and, like waves of the sea, circling out and out, far beyond its starting point. A GOOD IDEA. The suggestion comes from a mission circle in Connecticut that papers on topics given in one circle may be ex changed with those of others with mut ual profit, a suggestion we should highly commend and trust it may be adopted. THE WAY TO DO IT. The mission circle in Maine has voted to accept no invitations for social func tions occuring on Mission Circle Day. It this idea should become general there would soon be no reason for finding fault for absence of members. This same progressive circle has voted to fine all absentees five cents for each session missed. A VALUABLE SUGGESTION. The Executive Board of each State society should meet at least twice a year for business and conference on State work. Every officer should feel some of the responsibility resting upon her, and the expense for carrying out adopted methods is money wisely spent. A good business man knows there must be some outlay if he ever expects to accom plish anything in the way of results. MEETINGS. Dear president of mission circles, do not omit a session for any of the follow ing reasons: because the dressmaker is coming; you have visitors, take them along, or, it they will not go, leave them to themselves awhile, they will be able to survive your absence for a few hoars and respect you for standing by your raligious engagements as firmly as though it were a wedding; or shopping, a slight headache, excursions, rain or snow of ordinary style, for Thanksgiving or Christmas baking, housecleaning, or the thousand and one things we every day folk have a way of bringing up as excuses. They may be good enough for some things, but the Mission Circle stands for the highest and best, and let it be only life or death, or imperative duties that keep us from showing our faces on that day and don t go just to be there at lunch time, and then get up and leave in the midst rf important business or an interesting prreram. That is wofully disconcerting to the officers, and eereitive people feel 'es though some slight was intended for them if they happen to be on the pro gram. The Mission Circle was organized for extending the work of Christ on earth, and not for a good time, a nice lunch, or a monthly gossip. From the west and south voices are calling for our help. IN MEHORIAM. Mrs. Blackman, secretary of the m's sion circle in Atlanta. Ga., writes of the sadness and dismay of the members over the loss of their deer companion and leader, Mrs. Lucy McGlaufiin, who entered the higher life in September. She was such a good and lovable woman; so able, willing, and sympathetic in every good work, she will be greatly missed. The mission circle was formed last March, principally through her ef forts, with ten members, who “are trying to do all they can to live up to the ob jects of the society,” though they feel the absence of their first leader greatly “We are bolding monthly meetings, using the topic cards, and always have some literary topic for discussion. Our committees look out for the sick, call on newcomers, supply the pulpit with flow ers, distributing them after the service among the sick.” Each member of the National Execu tive Board feelB Mrs. McGlauflin’s ab sence from earthly scenes and activities as a personal loss, and they would extend their sympathies to the stricken brother and the members of the mission circle at Atlanta.'wbere she gave such hearty support tolber husband's endeavors, to the Y. P. C. U., as well as toour associa tion . Let us treasure her many virtues, for the it fluence of such a life is abiding as the fragrance of the rose after the beautiful petals have mouldered into dust. Correction.—Last month, in publish ing the list of the W. C. A. Auxiliary of Connecticut, the name of the newly elected vice president, Mtb. W. S. Per kins, was unintentionally omitted from the inventory. A GOOD SUGGESTION. A friend authorizes me to state that she will be one of twelve persons to a year in the name of this as ^■^on for the benefit of our venera Texas missionaries. Mr. and Mrs. Billings. These two faithful ones have -dc.ne mors to plant Coiversalism in that great state than any otherp. and should not be left to feel great anxiety for the future when so many have enough and to spare. The idea suggested was that $10 a month should be sent them from our treasury. We will be only too glad to do it if eleven good Universalist women will join this other sister, whose name I will furnish privately to any one wish ing to join hands with her in this under taking. All these contributions must be eent through the association. Address E. L. Sherwood, P. O. box 93, Ana costia, D. C., Corresponding Secretary. Mrs, C. A. Quinby. president of the W. C. A., desires all communications di rected to 30 West street, Boston, Maes., until further notice, as they will be for warded to her wherever she may be. THE PBESIDEKT'S THANKSGITING PBOOLAMATION. President McKinley's first Thanks giving Day proclamation is as follows: In remembrance of God’s goodness to us during the past year, which has been so abundant, "let us offer unto Him our thanksgiving and pay our vows unto the Most High,” Under Hie watchful provi dence industry has prospered, the con ditions of labor have been improved, the rewards of the husbandman have been increased Bnd the comforts of our homes multiplied. His mighty hand has pre served peace and protected the nation. Respect for law and order has been strengthened, love of free institutions cherished and all sections of our beloved country brought into closer bonds of f raternal regard and generous co-opera tion. For these great benefits it is our duty to praise the Lord in a spirit of humility and gratitude, and to offer up to Him our most earnest supplications. That we may acknowledge our obligation as a people to Him who has bo graciously granted us the blessings of free govern ment and material prosperity, I, William McKinley, President of the United States, do hereby designate and set apart Thursday, the twenty fifth day of November, for national thanksgiving and prayer, which all of the people are invited to observe with appropriate re ligious services in their reepective places of worship. On this day ef re joicing and domestic reunion let our prayers ascend to the Giver of every good and perfect gift for the continu ance of His love and favor to us. and that our hearts may be filled with charity and good-will, and that we may be ever worthy of Hie beneficent concern. Ia witness whereof I have hereunto set ■y hand and eassed the seal ef the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, this twenty-ninth day of October, [soil] in the year of Our Lord one thou sand, eight hundred and ninety seven, and of the Independence of the United States the one hundred and twenty-second. William M< Kim.nr. By the President: John Shsuman, Secretary of State.