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National news. (Chicago, Ill.) 1915-19??, October 22, 1915, Image 1

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atthew A. Schmidt On Trial At Los Angles, California
e*= National News ;Ǥ= ,
. ---- - > ■
Val. 3. No. 20. Con. No. 125. CHICAGO ILLINOIS, OCTOBER 22, 1915 One Dollar a Year, Sinfle Copies 5 Cents
_—____• __ —— .. ■■ ■ ■ v***?
I__ --- .
Railroad Men Ask For New Agreements^
mm mm m nrrj asm r~n an asm warn ansa mm mam mm mam am
wm xxx xxx xxx xxx mm xxx ^ ■» xxx xxx
Sccms in McNamra Case
li k k-fucted in
Sane. Cud loom
Lm Ann.li'., Ctl., Oct 20.—The
Mtl of Matthew A. Schmidt mi a
► rt»|. of murder in connection with
^■nnntiiiK of the Lot Anpln Time*
WMiriK. th'tobcr 1, 1*10, U now in
.Mten (a fore Jude Frank R. Willia.
The ene the trial ia the court
* <nw '»k>eee J,\ R McNamara,!
plead^i guilty to the unit charge four
r» ago a ad hia brother, John II.,
the charge of dyaamitiag the
Llewellyn iron works,
i District Attorney Thoa. E. E. W*-A
vine will have charge of the caae Tir
Be prosecuting of labor leader* at
Indianupo!is. Former Judge C. H.
Fairall of San Francisco is chief coun
! for Schmidt. Me will be assisted
by Job llarriman, who was assistant
to Clarence harrow at the McNamara
trial*, and Frederick Moore.
A tegular venire of fifty-one names
has been drawn for the trial. It is
expect'd two weeks will lie required to
•elec’ a jury. Vurious estimate* of |
from <>ne to four months are mude as
to th« length of trial.
| Judge Mill it* Preside*.
W ben .luilge Willi* mounted the
bench at 10 o'clock, he found Mr.
Fait all M ated at the table for coun
sel in the chair nearest the jury box,
with liit asMH'iates, Joh Hariiniaii
and Y red II. Moore, alongside hint.
District Attorney Wool wine and his
assistants, Jus. W. Noel, A a Keyes
and \ II. Vun Cott, were >t inding.
The judge remarked it was customary
jlB for the district attorney and hi* aides
to have those seats.
■ “It is only the custom, not the law,’
^Btaid I an all. and sat still. The court
Htold him to move. He declined un
^B)e*> it was made a formal order.
^BJud,» \\ 1111 m issued the formal older,
EjHnnd the counsel for the defense
P^Bnov ♦ d to the other end of the table.
^Preliminaries settled, Mr. I air all
j^piall nged the venire, on the ground
*^Bhat t bad been drawn before the new
swj^Biw went into effect, which make* men j
Sot on the tax lists eligible for jury j
^krrvii e Judge Willis denied the chal
^wn^e, holding that as property own-j
ki* the members of the venire were
^B>t ineligible, and therefore, the ,
^B-ruir was regular Fairall contested
9>s point ho’ly. “I predict we will j
9'd the veniie made up of men of i
^Brge means," he asserted.
9 Attack Venire.
I an all attacked the venire on the
^Bound that the prospective talesman
^Kid lu»en interrogated by the agents ,
9 lh«* District Attorney, to which Mr i
flB’oolwine replied that the veniremen
flnad been investigated, but not inter- ,
|progat«*d. The court ruled against the
9 challenge. In the course of interro- r
9 gation of tieorge Alexander not the
H former Mayor—an incident indicated
B that the defense also had made in
B vestigutions. He asked Alexander if
I his eyesight was not defective, since
■ he habitually wore colored glasses
■ “1 do not wear them, and my eye
■ sight is good,” said Alexander. “He
B cent I y 1 had a cold in one eye, and
■ iwore colored glass*** for a few days.
m*' During a tilt over this question of |
l investigation of veniremen Woolwine
k declared Fairall was simply making ,
k assertions to “get into the papers, J
B and the court ordered both Woolwine
K and Fairall to sit down.
B Again, after the coi.rt had insisted
jjl that Fairall must not ask questions
9 that had already been answered and
9 that reasonable speed must be made,
9 tbe special prosecutor commented,
9 "Someone is wasting time."
9 "You may go back to Indianapolis
9II soon as you like; no one will ob
9| jort," retorted Fairall.
10,000 STRIKE
Wilkout Ties Up tie Immoisi
Minuficturini Plait it
* - res' ■ ,
Schenectady, N. Y., Oct. JO—Mara
than 10,000 union men of the tieneral
Electric Company went on strike hero
for an eight hour day. They haaa
been working ten hours.
Union leaders, including J. J. Kap
ler, vice-president of tne Interna
tional Association of Machinists, da
dare that every union man in tha
fleet will, be put by tomorrow niaM.
Should tins situation arise d is fed
erally conceded a complete tieup
would result. The nonunion employee
are few.
liespite this forecast, however,
there is a general feeling that a com
promise will be ilfected. Mi. Keppler
said that the machinists were willing
to consider a compromise, and in the
past, lieorge E. Emmona, general
manager of the plant, always con
ferred freely with his employes.
Mar Orders Not l.argr.
Although the strike is u part of the
general movement of machinists to
obtain the eight hour day while war
orders are plentiful, these orders have
little to do With the local situation.
The plant has possibly HOll men em
ployed in making small shells. Mr
Emmons said, hut it has no large war
orders in reserve.
Mr Keppler came here about live
weeks ago and started an eight hour
movement Then he left and a com
mittee from the Metal Trades Alli
ance took up the shorter working day
proposal with the t ompany Mr. Em
mons ottered the men a nine and one
half day and a f> per cent, increase a
year hence. The committee accepted
the proposal and the Company consid
ered the matter closed
Machinists lialk.
The machinists, however, despite
the fact that they were represented
on the committee, denied its right to
close the agreement and voted to
strike. Alsiut I.MHI machinists were
the lirst to walk out. Other workers
from all of the thirteen unions, ex
f,.pt the foremen, molders and pat
tern makers, followed a- the day ad
vanecd. The machinists were the only
workers who had voted to strike when
the walkout occurred.
“It is true we were represent is! by
the alliance committee," Mi Keppler
said, in explaining the stnke of the
machinists, “hut our delegate certain
ly did not speak for Ins men when
he agreed to the compromise The
strike shows that."
Will Involve ill,III
Members ni fair
Chicago. IU., Oct. SO.—A largo
movement among the railroad broth
er hoods to unite la a dsawnd far aa
larrsasa in wages aad change ia agfc
iag conditions is aaw la pngmad.
Among the principal dmaands to bo
nude are an eight hoar dap, time aad
see-haif for otmlhni, an Inrranaa ad
from? U*h ceau an •iaur'MrpWuoa .
and abolition of tha rain raqalriag ’
trainmen to ride aa tan ad freight •
The order ad
and Brotharimad ad
men are reported h
the demands. Tha (
sent more than
switchmca. train
The trainmen are nat to make any
I demands for an inaraaaa ad wagaa, hut
a ant the basis of paynmat of oeer- |
time for passenger service changed to j
I twenty-five miles nn hour. If this i
I concession is made by teg 'git T '
a ill la- the same aa aitnorressr.
- ogf
Governor Carlson Istud
Orders fa tin Strike
ledictneets |
\vsiw. GaKL.' 0* , , -•> y
IjOOO persons, aaOi tsls^p*
cases growinp ■—‘ •# * -
strike ir
Sfa n, i>
to have fav'-rcti , -
■aciy-feller. Jr, now is Colorado oa
lo*r of bn eetication of
mining camps sf
iron Coinnaay.
rhs asrisao i of
true onlj a Jew
.iounremmt of the
preua. i-aar
I bail of John R. la
| who has
j^t^inee his
•»k,<> of f rst" <1«-^nHWUei% in conn.-,
tion with strike .iisoniers.
QA t WOi OS ' -r... JDK.
15,0110 STRIKING j
Chicago Police Charged With
Cruelly lo Members
ol Union
barm... -it*
urirs addressed to their former
bosses, a second to the citizens of Chi
•agn and a third tn the strike-break
ers who have remained at work in the
shops, or w ho hav e gone to work since
the strike began Many women work- |
ers were in the line of march, a look
of grim determination showing in ;
their fares, along with truces of suf
fenng from insufficient nourishment ,
Kven when they are fully employer!,
the clothing workers live on '.lie vergr
of poverty. The wages paid in the in
dustry are very low, and in spite of
the legislative measures intended to
conserve their h«a th, the sweatshop
anil all the misery it entails still flour
The Clothing Workers are going to
win Strikes and poverty are nothing
new to them. Poverty they hare to
face at all times and strikes they are
accustomed to. f ive years ago, in the \
fall of mill ami the winter of
they went through a strike of twenty j
weeks in the face of greater odds than |
now confront -hem. Out of that I
strike grew tin arbitration agreement j
with the firm of Hart, Schatfner A
Marx workshop, where K.imh) worker -
werr employed, they urc contented
laviiuse they understand that every
grievalue will Ire taken up and ad
justed on a basis of fan play.
The police force of Chicago hus
tried to crush the strike hy force In
addition to tin' police force, the cloth
mg manufacturers have in their cm
ploy, an army of hired sluggeis who j
lieai up pickets *en in the m-ighhor
hood of the striking shops How w.
these thugs eariy out tin r order- i
seen in the bruised fare- ami arm- * t
the women and girl strikers and the
fractured skulls of the men.
4 itv t owned.
The police brutality l.a- .emu-* 1
such a storm of indignation that tin
city i iium'il is new conducting a
vestigation. In irstifying hefon t
council committee, thirl of IVlu*
Healey admitted that he had !»■> ri
w a it is] ujHtn hy i r presentativ« s ,»f tin
clothing mnnufai turrrs Is fore tl ■
strike was call*-! Hi-, r coutse, dr
tried that he had received or hail taken
orders from them, but hi* denial w a
di-countid by the testimony of one of
In- poller officers who test llled that ! i
hud ls-en ti an.-fr • rv d fi oin -tr ike d i* y
at ttie plant of the Ho i! I., or- Is
mils’ he refused t« allow a slugger to
treat up pickets. He testified that he
had seen sum "* sluggers around
I the Itoyal Ti , lant and that Ire
hail warned nc.it then- would Is
“nothing do g" while he w i- on
duty Within an hour he »a- 'r.in
I feiied. Vnothei policeman on duty at
the plant of Usmm A Co., “took a
walk" whilr slugger? beat up a picket
i so badly that he was taken to a hos
pi'al. unconsrn us. This assault was
witnessed hy cluti vomen who were on
pickrl duty with the striking girls.
W srrsnts 'war* Owl.
W arr ants were sw srn out for the
t Continual on pags 4.)
Two Weeks' Trial Ends in
Victory for Garment
Workers' Union
Action Stir{a ia C hicago.
The demands for increased wages
for switchmen will start at Chicago,
with a demand for an increase of 5
cent., an hour. When the Chicago
standard is established, the movement
is to be taken up in all other yards
of the West and a proportionate in
crease asked of the railroads. Den
ver, Colorado Springs, Pueblo. Lead
ville, Trinidad. Grand Junction and
other cities where switchmen are em
ployed in any considerable numbers
will In- affected.
In the past it has been the custom
to divide the country into three dis
tricts. Kastern, Western and South
eastern. each working for the wage
increases and change* of working con
ditions independently of the other.
Now it is pro|*osed to make the de
mands by the three associations Joint
ly and to cover rvtnp big line of rail
road in the Cnited States.
M»» Involve 590,090 Men.
\n effort has been made to bring in
the locomotive engineers and firemen
and make the joint demand collective
l> in th« name of the four great
brotherhoods. If this is done, the
movement will represent 500,000 rail
ruad workers, the most stupendous
movement of the kind ever under
taken In any organized body of work
ers. T! • agreement between the
Western rmids and the firemen aid
• • I not exp.
’ Mb This prevents *'• ’wo h i.
gmen;« n - brotherhoods iron par
tnripatiiig until thirty dav- prior to
that time. a> notice must U given of
the abrogation of the agreement one
n «•! • rr* advance of th« date of its
evpi* a!ton.
If t t ainrren and conductors de
j. t** go it alone, they will make
t hr i demand* in December Prac
tically cvctv railroad man in the West
will tw affected directly or indirectly
by the movement.
Mill Kenst the lbmsnd«.
Railroad* centering in Chicago are
already pieparing t > resist the move
ment to force an increase of five cents
an hour for switchmen. They say the
j t hicago switchmen are already the
highest paid in the world Official* of
. the Trunk line* are making the usual
claim that in ms the entire list of
I demands i* granted, n would result in
bankruptcy to many of the roads
I They will organize the biggest body of
corporation representative* ever got
| ten together il America to resist the
' lemands of the workmen.
Many Suita.
Seventy five criminal and civil suit a
were filed, and more than 1,000 per
sons were made defendants, as a tw
ault of the recent Colorado coal strike.
Of the civil suits, the case of the
Colorado Fuel A Iron Co., against the J
t'nited Mine Worker* of Ante nr a, «
charging conspiracy in restraiat of
trade, and aslung da: '.ages in the sum
of $1 ,000.000, was the most promi
nent. Of the criminal cases, that of
John K law son was the most note
Reviewing the history of emses
growing out of the strike. and their
present status, the Governor says:
"I do not feel that I can now order
the annulment of *h. h* prosecutiooa.
Considerations of so- cal led peace,
mercy, a d business have been urged
u> a justifuation for the action which
it was* hoped 1 would take.
"The only question for me to de
cide was whether or not those who
v\**n b'galiy charged with crime
should be turned loo-*' without trial
f“r *h. • \tra-legal *v.t*nnf urged. It
ha Uvn asuertol that such a course
would put an end to the agitation
that is going or m certain quarters,
mu leave this state in a more peace
fu condition. Granting such a result
*v»uld follow, it is in effect to sav that
a group of persons can commit a
crime and receive immunity if they
raise sufficient agitation to disturb our
l**a»e of mind. I do not believe your
citizen* are willing to purchase men
tal pcao at such a price."
' In n\ opinion, capita will never
invest in this state until it is demon
strate 1 that attack- Ufurn life and
property will not t* tolerated/’
No Surprise,
( trlson’s solicitous attitude doesn't
surpriM the miners at all. They have
watched Carlson carefully, and they
do not hesitate to saj that he has
consistently lined up with the mine
owners. It is said that Carlson was
greatly disappointed when Granb)
Killve. was barred from presiding
further in the ' awson case.
Subscribe for the NATIONAL .
I NEWS. One dollar a year, 50 Ceuta
I for sic months.
Chicago. Oct 2" Twenty ..nr.l
clothing workers in 1‘hiengo, ho pel
cent of whom an women and girls,
ale on strike, revolting against condi
tion* in the clothing industry, which
have become intolerable Opposed bv
la strong combination of clothing man
ufacturers, with the most perfect
! blacklisting machine evei devised,
these worker*, many of them recently
arrived immigrants, are making a
heroic light to establish their rights
to organize and have a voice in living
the conditions under which they must
I work.
I The strike wo- called September
■Jut It, after th« worker* had made
| every |>o**ihlc effort to secure a con
ference with the manufacturers The
workers res|ainde*l to the strike ollie!
1 unanimously and despite the claims of
! the employers that they are not U'ing
seriously inconvenienced, the facts are
’ that all the shops on strike ate tied
Sup. The clothing manufacturri» a*e
organized in two associations The
t two associations jointly control about
three-fifths of the clothing industry in
i’hicago About on*- tifth of tin- in
| ilustry is controlled by the film of
Hart, Schaffncr A- Mats, which i»
working under a union agreement,
i and the other tifth is made up of a
large number of smaller houses, most
of whom have signed agreements with
the union since the beginning of the
present strike
Hig Parade.
The strikers held a parade Tiles
day. October 12. which opened the ever
of the public. The parade was ove?
t a mile in length, with the striker*
marching closely four abreast It wa
one of the strongest demonstration*
ever witnessed during a strik*
The story of the strike wa- told u
banners carried by the striker*. Thi
( M\ Ira W. Itird. I
Ni'W ^ ork, Oct. 20 The live offi
.rrs and member* of the International
I adie*’ tiarment W *rker*' l i on who
have b*wn on trial for two w.*»k* on
th* *1 irg* of murder, u. n acquitted
last night The verdict ‘ \<*t guilty'" i
from th* foreman of the jury brought ;
a rhivr fr*»m a hundmd friend* and
r* ativr* of th* defendant?* Mr>. Sig ,
»»t m r* i vit and fainted. The vic
torious labor !« u«n i * an*
M>*rri' Sigi..*n we* ret ary treasurer’
•if.. Intermit ! a«i e*‘ <Ia»
W *»rk* »*.' I mom
dent «*f tin* International l n on ami
now a cloak manufacturer
Morris Stupe k* * »*n "f th*
joint board of the t'ioak and Skirt
Maker*' l I**'i
A' r ,.ha W .• gv « •: b» r f
t V.*ak «»i“ ratorw* I
M.t\ I * S • g • ■ b* i f i •' 1%
>|h i it*»r.- 1 •'
\* rilul \niw»um» d.
Th* v**r*ii» l wa> .miii' meed after
le** than thrv* hour*' del deration at
K :.0 o'clock. The e\tra detail of po- j
• . ild t on
Vent a *iemon>! ration. Solomon Metz I
ami Julius Woolf, who ha*l been de
fendant* until their acquittal on
1 hursday, were the first to reach
th«*c»r comrade*. They embraced and
, kiw*«*d each other, team of joy welling
in their eye*.
A great shout roared through the
Criminal Court* building tui th** hue.
dred* of men and women outside the
court room heard th** w elcome new a.
AH the inspector* poured out into
Center street, when- cheer* bought a
d* tail of po’ n*. wh** tried to drive tha
(Continued on page 2d
llaltimoM*. M«i. Oct. 20 The Labor
legislation league wax «rjranii«H|
herv with mrmlxTH representing five
railr»m«l broth**rh«xslx. Tin* object of
the league ix l»* look out for Icgixlu
tion atrectmg the workingman. The
league prop..s.'s to branch out, open
mg its membership to union und non
union men alike. While it will Is*
non partisan in one sense of the word,
it will gi\e its allegiance to the can
dnlates who support the principles for
which the organisation stands. The
league proposes to estahlish a lol.I.y
for the promotion of legislation in
which it is interested.
Officers were elected as follow
President, Mark Jackson; vice presi
dent, ls>uis M Huckman; secretary
J. H. Iting. and treasurer, W. M. Bow
an. Two meetings were helt. las
Sunday, one at 2 o'clock and the othe
at 8 o'clock, in the Huntingdon The
atre, Twenty-fifth ami Oak itreet*
which men of national leputation, in
terrsted in labor legislator!. attended
jNe^-^ork Are Found Not Guilty
I r y \ _/ V \ t i y it.

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